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Title: Was I born "by chance"?
User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-08-06 11:56:00
Was I born "by chance"?†† 17/12 23:07:20
Answer by Swami Gaurangapada:
The answer to your question is found in Shrimad Bhagavatam 3.31.1 in the instructions of Lord Kapila to his mother Devahuti about the science of the soul:
karmana daiva-netrena, jantur dehopapattaye
striyah pravishta udaram, pumso retah-kanasrayah†
shri-bhagavan uvaca-the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; karmana-by the result of work; daiva-netrena-under the supervision of the Lord; jantuh-the living entity; deha-a body; upapattaye-for obtaining; striyah-of a woman; pravishtah-enters; udaram-the womb; pumsah-of a man; retah-of semen; kana-a particle; asrayah-dwelling in.
The Personality of Godhead said: Under the supervision of the Supreme Lord and according to the result of his work, the living entity, the soul, is made to enter into the womb of a woman through the particle of male semen to assume a particular type of body.
As per the Shrimad Bhagavatam, though there are millions of sperms, only one sperm contains the soul which has either entered the sperm through the food or milk taken by the man or just before the actual intercourse. This is again not by "chance" but due to previous karma, the soul is destined to enter into a particula sperm at a particular time and get a particular body from particular parents.
It is described in the Shrimad Bhagavatam 5.5.4 in the teachings of Lord Rishabhdeva to his 100 sons that: asann api klesada asa dehah : "As per the activities we are performing now in this life, we are already making our next body and preparing the destination for our next life." So again this proves that our present ody, intellect etc. has not been received by us by chance but due to our activities in our previous lives.
In that sense, birth cannot be called as a "chance" since we are forced to take birth in a particular body and situation due to the laws of karma and thus our life is also not a "chance" but a most precious and rare opportunity to ensure that we end this distressful cycle of birth and death with this life.