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Cosmic Creation


The Vedic literatures give a vivid description of God who is the source of all creation. The Vedas also give details about how the world has been created by God. Material science has tried to find the ultimate source of creation very insufficiently through extensive speculation, but it is a fact that there is one ultimate source of everything. Even other scriptures like Bible give information about how God created the world simply by willing, "Let there be creation." But the Shrimad Bhagvatam goes into the minutest details of creation. We are presenting only some sections below to give an idea; the reader can go through the Bhagavatam for a more elaborate and complete understanding.


The science of God analyzes the constitutional position of God and His diverse energies. Material nature is called prakriti, or the energy of the Lord in His different purusha incarnations (expansions) as described in the Satvata-tantra:


visnos tu trini rupani purusdkhydny atho viduh

ekath tu mahatah srastr dvitiyarh tv anda-samsthitam

trtlyam sarva-bhuta-stham tanijndtva vimucyate


"For material creation, Lord Krishna's plenary expansion assumes three Vishnus. The first one, Maha-Vishnu, creates the total material energy, known as the mahat-tattva. The second, Garbhodakasayi Vishnu, enters into all the universes to create diversities in each of them. The third, Kshirodakashayi Vishnu, is diffused as the all-pervading Supersoul in all the universes and is known as Paramatma. He is present even within the atoms. Anyone who knows these three Vishnus can be liberated from material entanglement."


The Three Aspects of the Absolute Truth


This material world is a temporary manifestation of one of the energies of the Lord. All the activities of the material world are directed by these three Vishnu expansions of Lord Krishna. These purushas are called incarnations. Generally one who does not know the science of God (Krishna) assumes that this material world is for the enjoyment of the living entities and that the living entities are the purushas - the causes, controllers and enjoyers of the material energy. According to Bhagavad-gita this atheistic conclusion is false. Krishna is the original cause of the material manifestation. Shrimad-Bhagavatam also confirms this. The ingredients of the material manifestation are separated energies of the Lord. Even the brahmajyoti, which is the ultimate goal of the impersonalists, is a spiritual energy manifested in the spiritual sky. There are no spiritual diversities in the brahmajyoti as there are in the Vaikunthalokas, and the impersonalist accepts this brahmajyoti as the ultimate eternal goal. The Paramatma manifestation is also a temporary all-pervasive aspect of the Kshirodakashayi Vishnu. The Paramatma manifestation is not eternal in the spiritual world. Therefore the factual Absolute Truth is the Supreme Personality of Godhead Krishna. He is the complete energetic person, and He possesses different separated and internal energies.


First Purusha Karanodakashayi Vishnu Creates the Universes


The first purusha, Maha Vishnu or Karanodakashayi Vishnu lies in the Causal ocean. 'Karana' means 'cause' and 'udaka' means 'water'. He creates the total material energy known as 'mahat tattva' consisting of time, space, cause, result, mind, gross elements, subtle elements, modes of nature, senses, their reservoir source, the gigantic universal form as the second incarnation Garbhodakashayi Vishnu and all living beings both moving and nonmoving that come out of the second incarnation.


When there are living entities who want to live separate from the Lord by lording over material nature, then the material world is created. Matter is eternal but the manifestation of forms in the material world is temporary. For the sake of these living entities, the mahat tattva which is like the cloud in the clear sky is assembled in some corner of the vast unlimited spiritual sky. This mahat tattva contains all the ingredients of the material manifestations. The material ego, 'mithya ahankar' springs up from the mahat tattva which is endowed with active power of three kinds - goodness, passion, ignorance. It is from these that all other 24 material elements come. Maha Vishnu simply throws a glance, picks up all the rebellious souls and impregnates them in the material sky. That is why the Upanishads glorify the Lord, lsah aikshitalf which means that the Supreme Lord merely by His glance can impregnate the material nature with souls and can also activate the material nature. Sometimes when special guests visit a house, the senior male member of the family may just glance at his wife in the kitchen. Getting the signal from the husband, the wife immediately understands the situation and makes arrangement for some eatables for the guests. Similarly material nature is personified by Durga and the sight of Lord Maha Vishnu is called 'shambhu'. Thus material nature being agitated by the glance of the Lord becomes active.


All the universes emanate from the pores of Maha Vishnu's body just as drops of perspiration may emanate from our body. Millions of universes are floating and they are scattered all over the Causal Ocean just like millions of mustard seeds are kept in a big sack. They stay only during the breathing period of Maha Vishnu. It is said in Brahma Samhita{5.48), 'yasyaika nisvasita kalam atha avalambya, jivanti loma vilaja jagad anda Hatha' "I worship Govinda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the cause of all causes, whose plenary portion is Maha-Vishnu. All the heads of the innumerable universes, the Brahmas, live only by taking shelter of the time occupied by one of His breaths." Thus when Maha Vishnu exhales and inhales, the life of Brahma, which amounts to 311 trillion 40 billion years is exhausted.


Second Purusha Garbhodakashayi Vishnu enters into each universe


The second purusha, Garbhodakasayi Vishnu enters into each and every universe and fills half of the universe with water from His own perspiration and lays on the serpent-like Shesha incarnation. The other half of the universe remains vacant, which is the outer space. This water is called 'Garbhodaka'. From the naval of Garbhodakashayi Vishnu sprouts a lotus flower effulgent like a thousand suns. On the top of this lotus, Brahma, the master of all engineers in the universe, becomes manifest.


Brahma, the first-born living being


This lotus flower is the universal virat form, or the gigantic form of the Lord in the material world. It becomes amalgamated in the Personality of Godhead Vishnu, in His abdomen, at the time of dissolution, and it becomes manifest at the time of creation. This is due to Garbhodakashayi Vishnu, who enters into each of the universes. In this form is the sum total of all the fruitive activities of the living entities conditioned by material nature, and the first of them, namely Brahma, or the controller of the universe, is generated from this lotas flower. This first-born living being, unlike all the others, has no material father, and thus he is called self-born, or svayambhu. He goes to sleep with Narayana at the time of devastation, and when there is another creation, he is born in this way.


Brahma's bewilderment


Brahma, born out of the lotus flower, coul'd not see the world, although he was situated in the whorl. He therefore circumambulated all of space, and while moving his eyes in all directions he achieved four heads in terms of the four directions. Lord Brahma, in his ignorance, contemplated: Who am I that am situated on the top of this lotus? Wherefrom has it sprouted? There must be something downwards, and that from which this lotus has grown must be within the water. Lord Brahma, thus contemplating, entered the water through the channel of the stem of the lotus. But in spite of entering the stem and going nearer to the navel of Vishnu, he could not trace out the root. Thereafter, being unable to achieve the desired destination, he retired from such searching and came back again to the top of the lotus.


Brahma meditates desiring to realize the cause of all causes


Thus, controlling all objectives, he concentrated his mind on the Supreme Lord. Samadhi involves concentrating the mind upon the supreme cause of all, even if one is unaware of whether His actual nature is personal, impersonal or localized. Concentration of the mind on the Supreme is certainly a form of devotional service. To cease from personal sense endeavors and to concentrate on the supreme cause is a sign of self-surrender, and when self-surrender is present, that is a sure sign of devotional service. Each and every living entity needs to engage in devotional service to the Lord if he wishes to understand the ultimate cause of his existence. At the end of Brahma's one hundred years, when his meditation was complete, he developed the required knowledge, and as a result he could see the Supreme within himself, whom he could not see before with the greatest endeavor. Brahma meditated for one hundred years before he could understand the supreme cause of all causes^ and then he wrote the Brahma-samhita, which is approved and recognized by Lord Chaitanya and in which he sings, govindam adi-ptinisham tarn aham bhajami-One has to wait for the mercy of the Lord before one can either render service unto Him or know Him as He is.


The Transcendental Beauty Of The Lord


Brahma could see that on the water there was a gigantic lotuslike white bedstead, the body of Shesha-naga, on which the Personality of Godhead was lying alone. The whole atmosphere was illuminated by the rays of the jewels bedecking the hood of Shesha-naga, and that illumination dissipated all the darkness of those regions. The Lord showed His lotus feet by raising them. His lotus feet are the source of all awards achieved by devotional service free from material contamination. Such awards are for those who worship Him in pure devotion. The splendor of the transcendental rays from His moonlike toenails and fingernails appeared like the petals of a flower. Lord's waist was covered with yellow cloth resembling the saffron dust of the kadamba flower, and it was encircled by a well-decorated belt. His chest was decorated with the Shrivatsa marking and a necklace of unlimited value. The

Lord's body was decorated with valuable jewels and pearls.Lord Brahma, thus looking upon the Lord in the shape of a mountain, concluded that He was Hari, the Personality of Godhead. He saw that the garland of flowers on His chest glorified Him with Vedic wisdom in sweet songs and looked very beautiful. He was protected by the Sudarshana wheel for fighting, and even the sun, moon, air, fire, etc., could not have access to Him. Brahma offered several prayers to the Lord for creative energy and the Lord responded to him.


Brahma Prepares Himself for Creation


Lord Brahma could see Lord Vishnu possessing thousands and thousands of faces, feet, heads, hands, thighs, noses, ears and eyes only after he was purified by undergoing severe austerities for many hundreds of years. Thereafter he saw that the lotus on which he was situated was spread throughout the universe, and he contemplated how to create all the planets, which were previously merged in that very same lotus. The seeds of all the planets in the universe were impregnated in the lotus on which Brahma was situated. All the planets were already generated by the Lord, and all the living entities were also born in Brahma. The material world and the living entities were all already generated in seedling forms by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and Brahma was to disseminate the same seedlings all over the universe.


There are fourteen spheres of planetary systems within this universe. The lower systems are called Patalalokas, the middle systems are called Bhurloka, and the upper planetary systems are called Svarloka. Still higher planets such as Maharloka,Tapaloka, Satyaloka and Brahmaloka, do not dissolve in the devastating water. The real creation is therefore called sarga, and, later on, the manifestation by Brahma is called visarga. Those living entities that were merged in the body of Vishnu at the end of the life of Brahma in the great cataclysm during the preceding great age of the universe, reappeared in this world in accordance with their former fruitive desires. The different divisions of creation are explained by Maitreya Muni to Vidura in the Shrimad Bhagavatam, 3 rd

canto, 10 th chapter.


Brahma's Creation of the Kumaras, Rudra and the Ten Sages


Brahma first created the nescient engagements like self-deception, the sense of death, anger after frustration, the sense of false ownership, and the illusory bodily conception, or forgetfulness of one's real identity. Before the factual creation of the living entities in different varieties of species, the conditions under which a living being in the material world has to live were created by Brahma. Unless a living entity forgets his real identity, it is impossible for him to live in the material conditions of life. Therefore the first condition of material existence is forgetfulness of one's real identity.


In the beginning, Brahma created four great sages named Sanaka, Sananda, Sanatana and Sanat-kumara. All of them were unwilling to adopt materialistic activities because they were highly elevated due to their semen's flowing upwards. Brahma spoke to his sons after generating them. "My dear sons," he said, "now generate progeny." But due to their being attached to Vasudeva, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, they aimed at liberation, and therefore they expressed their unwillingness. Although Brahma tried to curb his anger, it came out from between his eyebrows, and a child of mixed blue and red complexion was immediately generated. Brahma called him by the name Rudra as the child cried on birth. Brahma selected the following places for his residence: the heart, the senses, the air of life, the sky, the air, the fire, the water, the earth, the sun, the moon and austerity. He gave him eleven wives. He requested him to increase population on a large scale. Rudra created many offsprings who had dangerous features and furious nature. Brahma told him to stop creation and better go for penance for the benefit of all living entities and come back only at the time of annihilation when his services would be called for.


Then Brahma begot ten sons for the extension of the generations. Narada was born from the deliberation of Brahma, which is the best part of the body. Vashistha was born from his breathing, Daksha from a thumb, Bhrgu from his touch, and Kratu from his hand. Pulastya was generated from the ears, Angira from the mouth, Atri from the eyes, Marici from the mind and Pulaha from the navel of Brahma. Sage Kardama was manifested from the shadow of Brahma.


Creation Of Opposite?


Religion was manifested from the breast of Brahma, wherein is seated the Supreme Personality of Godhead Narayana, and irreligion appeared from his back, where horrible death takes place for the living entity. Lust and desire became manifested from the heart of Brahma, anger from between his eyebrows, greed from between his lips, the power of speaking from his mouth, the ocean from his penis, and low and abominable activities from his anus, the source of all sins.


Creating Vedas, Arts And Sciences


Beginning from the front face of Brahma, gradually the four Vedas - Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva - became manifest. Thereafter, Vedic hymns which had not been pronounced before, priestly rituals, the subject matters of the recitation, and transcendental activities were all established, one after another. He also created the medical science, military art, musical art and architectural science, all from the Vedas. They all emanated one after another, beginning from the front face. Then he created the fifth Veda - the Puranas and the histories -from all his mouths, since he could see all the past, present and future. All the different varieties of fire sacrifices (sodasi, ukiha, purisi, agnistoma, aptoryama, atiratra, vdjapeya and gosava) became manifested from the eastern mouth of Brahma. Education, charity, penance and truth are said to be the four legs of religion, and to learn this there are four orders of life with different classifications of castes according to vocation. Brahma created all these in systematic order.


How Brahma Increased the Population of the Universe


Brahma thought to himself, "Alas, it is wonderful that in spite of my being scattered all over, there is still insufficient population throughout the universe. There is no other cause for this misfortune but destiny." While he was thus absorbed in contemplation and was observing the supernatural power, two other forms were generated from his body. They are still celebrated as the body of Brahma. Two bodies came out from the body of Brahma.


One had a mustache, and the other had swollen breasts. No one can explain the source of their manifestation, and therefore until today they are known as the kayam, or the body of Brahma, with no indication of their relationship as his son or daughter. The two newly separated bodies united together in a sexual relationship. Out of them, the one who had the male form became known as the Manu named Svayambhuva, and the woman became known as Satarupa, the queen of the great soul Manu. Thereafter, by sex indulgence, they gradually increased generations of population one after another. In due course of time Manu begot in Satarupa five children - two sons, Priyavrata and Uttanapada, and three daughters, Akuti, Devahuti and Prasuti. The father, Manu, handed over his first daughter, Akuti, to the sage Ruci, the middle daughter, Devahuti, to the sage Kardama, and the youngest, Prasuti, to Daksa. From them, all the world was filled with population.


Third Purusha Kshirodakashayi Vishnu Enters into the Heart of Every Living Entity


The third expansion of Vishnu is the Kshirodakashayi Vishnu, who is the incarnation of the quality of goodness. This Kshirodakashayi Vishnu is the universal form of the Lord and is the Supersoul within every living entity. He enters into everything even atom. He is the maintainer of the universe. From Him, all the incarnations are expanded. He lies in the ocean of milk on the bed of the Ananta incarnation of Baladeva in His own planet called Shvetadwipa on the northern top of the universe above Satyaloka.


Coverings Of The Universe


The coverings of the universe are constituted of the elements of earth, water, fire, air and ether, and each is ten times thicker than the one before. The first covering of the universe is earth, and it is ten times thicker than the universe itself. If the universe is four billion miles in size, then the size of the earthly covering of the universe is forty billion miles (four billion times miles multiplied by ten). The covering of water is ten times greater than the earthly covering, the covering of fire is ten times greater than the watery covering, the covering of air is ten times greater than that of fire, the covering of ether is ten times greater still than that of air, and so on. The universe within the coverings of matter appears to be like an atom in comparison to the coverings, and the number of universes is unknown even to those who can estimate the coverings of the universes.