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Bondage Due to Mistaken Identity
The Bhagavad-gita (18.61) explains that the soul within the body is "seated as on a machine made of the material energy." The soul falsely identifies with the body, carrying different conceptions of life from one body to another. We can experience that every night when we dream, our body lies on the bed, but 'we'go somewhere else. In this way we all experience that our real identity is separate from this body. When we dream we forget the body lying on the bed. We act in different bodies and in different locations. Similarly during the day we forget our dream bodies in which we traveled to so many places. Perhaps, in our dream bodies we flew in the sky. At night, we forget our waking body, and in the daytime we forget our dream body. But our conscious self, the soul, still exists, and we remain aware of our existence in both bodies. Therefore we must conclude that we are not any of these bodies. For some time we exist in certain body, then at death we forget it. So the body is really only a mental structure, somewhat like a dream, but the self is different from all these mental structures.
As mentioned earlier the pure soul is covered by gross and subtle bodies. At death the soul gives up the gross body but carries the subtle body birth after birth until he achieves perfection. The subtle body is full of unfulfilled desires, which assure him future bodies.