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From Bondage to Freedom
The intelligence is supposed to direct the mind, but the mind is so strong and obstinate that it often overcomes even one's own intelligence, as an acute infection may surpass the efficacy of medicine. For a man in the practical world who has to fight so many opposing elements, it is certainly very difficult to control the mind. Artificially, one may establish a mental equilibrium towards both friend and enemy, but ultimately no worldly man can achieve complete mind control. The Bhagavad-gita states that controlling the mind is more difficult than controlling the raging wind. But even such a turbulent mind can be controlled by chanting of the Hare Krishna maha mantra, the great chant for deliverance.
Lord Krishna states in the Bhagavad-gita (3.42):
indriyani parany ahur indriyebhyah param manah
manasas tu para buddhir yo buddheh paratas tu sah
"The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he (the soul) is even higher than the intelligence."
The senses are different outlets for the activities of lust. Lust is reserved within the body, but it is given vent through the senses. Therefore, the senses are superior to the body as a whole. But since the mind is active, then even though the body may be silent and at rest, the mind will act - as it does during dreaming. Therefore the mind is above the body and the senses. But above the mind is the determination of the intelligence, and above the intelligence is the soul proper. If, therefore, the soul is directly engaged with the Supreme, naturally all other subordinates, namely, the intelligence, mind and senses, will be automatically engaged. Therefore the soul is above all -namely, the sense objects, the senses, the- mind and the intelligence. Therefore, directly understanding the constitutional position of the soul is the solution of the whole problem. With intelligence one has to seek out the constitutional position of the soul and then engage the mind always in Krishna consciousness. That solves the whole problem. Our constitutional position is to act on the platform of being a servant of God. If one lives his life as a surrendered devotee of God, then one's mind, intelligence and false ego will all be purified.
Thus when the pure soul comes to the material world, he is sheathed by a gross material body and a subtle material body which are a burden upon him. In the spiritual world, the soul is eternal, full of knowledge and bliss; but when he comes to the material world, he accepts the material body and undergoes untold sufferings birth after birth. This process of reincarnation can be stopped when one acquires knowledge of one's servitorship to God and works towards purification.