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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Soul Science God Philosophy > Your Best Friend > Love of God the Culmination > Yugas and Methods

Different Yugas - Different Prescribed Methods


There are different techniques of God realization taught for different ages. For example, in

Satyayuga     : Dhyana yoga (or) Astanga yoga

Tretayuga      : Yajna-fire sacrifices

Dvapara yuga     : Elaborate temple deity worship

Kali yuga       : Nama sankirtan or chanting of the holy name


Dhyana yoga involves many many austerities: one has to be a celibate; one cannot perform this in a fashionable city. One has to go to forest. One has to eat only dry leaves and roots. One has to control the breathing process through pranayama and control mind and senses through pratyahara. One has to make a seat neither too high nor too low, lay kusha grass, sit on it and medi­tate on the Vishnu form in the heart. Since this method is diffi­cult, even Arjuna rejected it. It is certainly impossible to perform in this jet age of Kali.


Yajna or fire sacrifices involve enormous expenditures for the ingredients like ghee, silk, grains, gold etc. Even if one has a lot of wealth, one may not get brahmanas whose power of chanting Vedic mantras can invoke fire automatically without the use of matchsticks.Elaborate temple worship requires strict rules and regulations for deity worship. If a brahmana has to follow all the rules given in Pancaratrika system completely, then probably he can never come out of the bathroom; such degree of purity is required.


Chanting of the Holy Name or Namasankirtana is the most merciful and easiest process prescribed for Kali yuga. Chanting can be done at any place, any time, by anybody (even by the most fallen) without any restriction. It is not that chanting the Holy Names of the Lord is done only in Kali yuga.   It has been done in every age:


 Satya yuga: Dhruva chanted 'om namo bhagavate Vasudevaya' Treta yuga: In the yajna  conducted by Nabhi, father of Lord Rishabhadeva, the brahmanas recited :


atha kathancit....tava guna krta

nama dheyani vacana gocarani...(Shrimad Bhagavatam 5.3.12)


Also Valmiki chanted the name of Lord Rama.... Dvapara yuga:   Draupadi called out Krishna's name  In every age chanting of the Holy Name is practised. But over and above that people would perform various other forms of aus­terities according to the scriptures, as they had the strength and  long duration of life to do. In Kali yuga chanting is prescribed as the only yuga dharma as confirmed by the following scriptural quotes:


kalau dose nidhe rajan...kirtanat eva krishnasya.. (Shrimad Bhagavatam 12.3.51)

kali kale nama rupe krishna avatar...' (Chaitanya Charitamrita Adi 17.22)


harer nama harer nama harer namaiva kevalam

kalau nasty eva nasty eva nasty eva gatir anyatha ' (Brhan Naradiya Parana 3.8.126)


hare krishna hare krishna krishna krishna hare hare hare rama hare rama rama rama hare hare

iti shodashakam namnam kaii kalmasha nashanam  natah paratarupayah sarva vedeshu drishyate   (Kali Santarana Upanishad 5,6)