Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Soul Science God Philosophy > Science and Spiritual Quest > Section 4 Towards a New Biology > INTELLIGENT DESIGN, FINE TUNING & EVOLUTION > 3. The Theory of Intelligent Design

3. The Theory of Intelligent Design

 

Design theorists offer extensive evidence that blind, material causes are incapable of building irreducible complex and information-rich systems.and Phillip Johnson. These scholars critiqued Darwinism on scientific and philosophical grounds. On scientific grounds they found Darwinism an inadequate  framework  for  biology.   On  philosophical  grounds  they  found Over the years, many scientists have realized that they are a part of the universe that is brimming with intelligence. The Intelligent Design movement began with the work of Charles Thaxton, Walter Bradley, Michael   Denton,   Dean  Kenyon,Darwinism hopelessly entangled with naturalism, the view that nature is self-sufficient and thus without need of God or any guiding intelligence. Afterwards, scholars like Michael Behe, Stephen Meyer, Paul Nelson, Jonathan Wells have taken the next step, proposing a positive research program wherein intelligent causes become the key for understanding the diversity and complexity of life, [13]. Regardless of their religious persuasion, they made similar observations and indicated about apparent intelligence behind the laws of our universe. Design theorists offer extensive evidence that blind, material causes are incapable of building irreducibly complex and information-rich systems.The "Intelligent Design Movement" states that the kind of information inherent in the universe, and in biological evolution in particular, cannot be generated by purposeless, random causation. It holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause rather than by an undirected process such as natural selection. Intelligent design is thus a scientific disagreement with the core claim of the evolutionary theory that the apparent design of living systems is a random.

 

In a broader sense, intelligent design is simply the science of design detection -how to recognize patterns arranged by an intelligent cause for a purpose. Positive evidence of design in living systems consists of the semantic, meaningful or functional nature of biological information, the lack of any known law that can explain the sequence of symbols that carry the messages, and statistical and experimental evidence that tends to rule out chance as a plausible explanation. Other evidence challenges the adequacy of natural or material causes to explain both the origin and diversity of life. The evidence for design in biology is now overwhelming. In the last thirty years, advances in molecular biology and the information sciences have revealed that the most basic form of life, the cell, is an automated city complete with miniature motors and engines, digital data storage, signal transduction circuitry, monorails that move packages from one location to another, and information processing at a level that human technology has not begun to approximate.Purpose and requirements on the one side, and ability, enthusiasm, love, creativity, intelligence and willpower, on the other, representing an undividable unity, cannot be replaced by blind chance, the result of which, if any, can be then "consciously selected" by a third party. If a conscious and rational decision making subject is inferred to exist in one phase of a process, is there any reason  for not inferring that the whole process is the consequence of the same cause and rational mental processes animated by the same subject and characteristics? [1].Thus, proponents of intelligent design argue that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection.

 

...intelligent design is limited in two important aspects: it can neither identify all things that are designed, nor can it tell us with certainty that a particular thing is not designed.

 

Lastly, there are many instances of naturally occurring phenomena that exhibit regularity,order,and beauty.The mere existence of these characteristics is not necessarily indicative of design. On

the  other  side,   there  are  many things designed   which do not exhibit any  particular  regularity,order and beauty such as a painting or a sculpture. This brings up an important

limitation Oi intelligent design i.e. we are not able to identify everything that is designed and also we cannot say with certainty that a particular thing is not designed. Thus, intelligent design is limited in two important aspects: it can neither identify all things that are designed, nor can it tell us with certainty that a particular thing is not designed, [14].