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4. Types of meditation
There are many different types of meditation. Some are very ancient and have been used for thousands of years by various cultures. Others are much more modern and are sometimes more popular.All the meditation techniques can be grouped into two basic approaches:
It focuses the attention on the breath, an image or a sound (mantra), in order to still the mind and allow a greater awareness and clarity to emerge. This is like a zoom lens in a camera; we narrow our focus to a selected field.
According to Dr. Borysenko, "it involves opening the attention to become aware of the continuously passing parade of sensations and feelings, images, thoughts, sounds, smells and so forth, without becoming involved in thinking about them." The person sits quietly and simply witnesses whatever goes through the mind, not reacting or becoming involved with thoughts, memories, worries, or images.