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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Soul Science God Philosophy > Science and Spiritual Quest > Section 3 Physics, Cosmology and Beyond > SYNTHESIS OF VEDIC AND MODERN COSMOLOGY > 1. Introduction

1. Introduction


Inquisitiveness is a natural propensity of human beings. We often wonder about our origin, about the existence of the universe. Modern cosmology is the outcome of this inquisitiveness of human beings over the last few centuries. In this journey, we are discovering more and more complex structures in the universe, the deeper we look into it. More questions are created than we are able to answer about the universe. The big-bang hypothesis on the origin of the universe itself poses a number of unanswered questions [1]. For example, what was there before the big-bang? What did happen at the time of the big-bang? How did the big-bang lead to structures like galaxies? What is the nature of distribution of matter within and between galaxies? What is the source of dark matter and what is it made of? Will the universe end? Is ours the only universe? What did drive cosmic inflation? The simplest way of presenting the big-bang is as shown in Figures 1 and 2.

These are few select problems of the numerous ones to be sorted out before big-bang can be accepted completely. The complexity of the universe seemsto be incomprehensible and its understanding does not seem to grow rapidly. This problem is due to the bottom up approach where we tend to explore by adding small pieces of puzzle together.Among various realities existing which may be within or beyond our instrumentation limit, we cannot be sure that we have really picked up the right pieces of the cosmic puzzle; or it may be possible that the right pieces of puzzle are not comprehensible to our tiny brain. Thus this puts limitation over what knowledge we can gain; maybe for the next centuries we won't be able to understand many puzzles of cosmology at all as shown by Godel's theorem.Therefore, this bottom up approach may either take long long time or keep us quite away from the existing reality forever. The top down approach is the promising alternative and may provide better insight into the origin and evolution of the universe. The religious texts which are based on the premise that we have limited capacity and are prone to error - and therefore, state that


...the  complete understanding of the top down approach also seems to be lost.revealed knowledge is the real and rich source of knowledge - may be very helpful in this top down approach [2]. The existing concepts can supplement our current understanding or may provide a completely new perspective to the way we look into the universe provided we decipher the language these texts speak. This approach is the top down approach where the knowledge descends from the higher source of knowledge. Here, religious texts are source of knowledge that God himself revealed for the benefit of the living entities (as a blue print of his design) so that it helps us in living our lives. But for a long time the tradition of understanding in a top-down manner has not been used and therefore, the complete understanding of the top down approach also seems to be lost. Understanding the fact that only small fractions of the vedic knowledge resources are remaining and rest are lost in the wave of time, it will be pretty difficult to understand cosmology in its whole. But whatever the resources are, if they are combined with the modern bottom up approach then new discoveries can be made; better understanding of the universe may result. In the following sections we discuss various issues on modern cosmology and vedic science and present the differences between them, which if resolved could lead to new breakthroughs.