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Formation of Proteins
Problem V: How did the right proteins form?
Explanation: The proteins needed for life have very complex molecules. 20 specific left-handed amino acids need to combine in a specific sequence to form a protein useful for life. What chance is there that the correct amino acids would come together to form a protein molecule? It could be likened to having a big, thoroughly mixed pile containing equal numbers of red beans and white beans. Over 100 different varieties of beans. Now, if you plunged a scoop into this pile, what do you think you would get? To get the beans that represent the basic components of a protein, you would have to scoop up only red ones - no white ones at all! Also, your scoop must contain only 20 varieties of the red beans and each one must be in a specific, pre-assigned place in the scoop. In the world of protein, a simple mistake in any one of these requirements would cause the protein that is produced to fail to function properly. Would any amount of stirring and scooping in our hypothetical bean pile have given the right combination? No. Then how could it have been possible in the hypothetical organic soup?
What is the chance of even a simple protein molecule forming at random in an organic soup? Evolutionists acknowledge it to be only one in 10A113 (1 followed by 113 zeroes). Some proteins serve as structural materials and others as enzymes. The latter speed up needed chemical reactions in the cell. Without such help the cell would die. Not just a few, but 2,000 proteins serving as enzymes are needed for the cells activity. What are the chances of obtaining all of these at random? One chance in 10A40,000.
Solution: Any event that has one chance in just 10A50 is dismissed by mathematicians as never happening. So even the probability of one in 10A113 is a mathematical impossibility. An idea of the odds, or probability involved is seen in the fact that the number 10A113 is larger that the estimated total number of all the atoms in the universe! And one chance in 10A40,000 is "an outrageously small probability," astronomer Fred Hoyle asserts, "that could not be faced even if the whole universe consisted of organic soup."