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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Shrimad Bhagavad Gita > Gita Summary > Gita 01 Sainya Darshana

Title: Chapter 1 Sainya Darshana

User: Bhushan Nityananda dasa     Date: 2007-06-11 19:52:34


B H A G A V A D - G I T A


Summarized & Narrated into Question Answer Form

Based on the COmmentary of Shrila Vishvanatha Chakravarti

By Purnachandra dasa prabhu ACBSP

Please support the Author by ordering these Gitamrta Audio tapes

by writing to Purnacandra dasa, Radha-Krishna Temple, 10 Soho Street, London W1, U.K.


C H A P T E R   O N E



dhrtarastra uvaca


dharma-ksetre kuru-setre


samaveta yuyutsavah


mamakah pandavas caiva


kim akurvata sanjaya


Dhrtarastra:  He Sanjaya, what is happening with my sons and the the sons of Pandu since they assembled at Kuruksetra for battle?




Sanjaya:  Maharaja, after looking over the Pandavas' military formation, your son approached Dronacarya and began to speak.




Duryodhana:  Acarya!, behold the vast Pandava army so expertly arranged by your intelligent disciple, the son of Drupada. In this army are many heroic bowmen equal to Bhima and Arjuna. Great fighters like Yuyudhana, Virata and Drupada. There are also powerful fighters like Dhrstaketu, Cekitana, Kasiraja, Purujit, Kuntibhoja, and Saibya.  Look, there is Yudhamanyu, the powerful Uttamauja, the son of Subhadra and the sons of Draupadi. All these warriors are powerful chariot fighters.




But for your information, O best of the brahmanas, let me tell you about the warriors who are especially qualified to lead my armies.  They are personalities like your good self, Bhisma, Karna, Krpa, Asvattama, Vikarna, and Bhurisrava.  They are always victorious in battle.  And there are many other heroes who are prepared to lay down their lives for my sake.  All of them are well-equipped with many weapons and all are experienced in military science. Our strength is immeasurable.  We are perfectly protected by grandfather Bhisma, but the strength of the Pandavas is limited.  Every-one must now give full support to Bhisma while standing at our respective strategic points of entrance into the phalanx of the army.




Sanjaya:  Then Bhisma blew his conchshell very loudly like a roaring lion which gave Duryodhana joy. Bhisma was thinking:




Bhisma:  Victory or defeat is in the Lord's hands, but I'll do my duty as a ksatriya and give my life.  And now that I've blown my conchshell, Krishna will respond by blowing His conchshell, which I long to hear.




Sanjaya:  After that, the conchshells, drums, bugles, trumpets and horns all suddenly sounded, and the combined sound was tumultuous.  On the other side of the battlefield, both Krishna and Arjuna, stationed on a great chariot drawn by white horses, sounded their transcendental conchshells. Krishna blew His conchshell, called Pancajanya; Arjuna blew his, the Devadatta, and Bhima blew his terrific conchshell called Paundra.  King Yudhisthira, blew his conchshell, the Ananta-vijay.  Nakula and Sahadeva blew the Sughosa and Manipuspaka.  That great archer, the king of Kasi, the great fighter Sikhandi, Dhrstadyumna, Virata, the unconquerable Satyaki, Drupada, the sons of Draupadi and the others all blew their respective conchshells. The sound became uprorious, vibrating both in the sky and on the earth.  It shattered the hearts of your sons, Maharaja.  At that time, Arjuna, seated in the chariot bearing the flag marked with Hanuman, took up his bow and prepared to shoot his arrows.  After looking at your sons drawn in military array, Arjuna then spoke to Krishna:




Arjuna:  O Krishna, please bring my chariot between the two armies so that I may see those present here with whom I must contend in this great battle.


Krishna:    Why, you will simply see friends and make friends, Arjuna.




Arjuna:  No. I want to see those who have come here to fight wishing to please that evil-minded son of Dhrtarastra.




Sanjay:  He Rajan, having been addressed by Arjuna, Krishna drew up their chariot in the midst of both armies.  In the presence of all the great warriors of the world and directly facing Bhisma and Drona, Krsna said:




Krsna:  Just behold Partha, all the Kurus assembled here.




Sanjaya:  There Arjuna could see within the midst of the armies, his fathers, grandfathers, teachers, uncles, brothers, sons, grandsons and friends.  When Arjuna saw all these different friends and relatives he became overwhelmed with compassion.




Arjuna:  O Krishna, seeing my friends and relatives present before me in such a fighting spirit I feel my body quivering.  My mouth is drying up.  My hair is standing on end.  My Gandiva bow is slipping from my hand and my skin is burning. I am unable to stand here any longer.  My mind is reeling, Krsna.  I see only causes of disaster in this war.




Krishna:  But you'll get a kingdom, Arjuna.




Arjuna:  I do not want a kingdom.  Nor can I see how any good can come from killing my own kinsmen in this battle.  He Govinda, why should I think of getting a kingdom?   What is the use of a kingdom, happiness, or even life itself in the absence of those we want to enjoy them with?  O Madhusudana, when my grandfather, teachers, and other relatives are ready to give up their lives and are standing before me, why should I wish to kill them even though they might kill me?




Krishna:  So do not kill your elders, Partha.  But at least kill the sons of Dhrtarastra.




Arjuna:  No.  What happiness will I get from that?  I might enjoy the kingdom for a short time, but I'll suffer so long for having killed them.  Sin will overcome me if I slay my relatives.  I'll not get happiness.




Krishna:  But they are aggressors, Arjuna.  There is no sin for killing aggressors.




Arjuna:  Certainly there is sin.




Krishna:  Why are you so sure, when sastra says the opposite?




Arjuna:  Artha sastra says there is no sin, but dharma sastra is higher and dharma sastra says that there is sin from killing aggressors.




Krishna:  You do not know the truth, Arjuna.




Arjuna:  I know the results that will come, especially for the destruction of the dynasty.   Why shouldn't we refrain from fighting, Krishna?




Krishna:  Why aren't Bhisma and Drona refraining?  They also know these things.




Arjuna:  Their hearts are overtaken by greed, but we know. Why should we act like them?




Krishna:  But a ksatriya's duty is to fight when challenged.




Arjuna:  But I see the imminent result of family destruction.  With the destruction of dynasty, the family tradition is lost and the rest of the family becomes irreligious.  When irreligion is prominent in the family, the women of the family become polluted, and from the degradation of womanhood comes unwanted progeny. O Krishna, I have heard by authorities that those who destroy family traditions go to hell.  How strange it is that we are preparing to commit such great sins, driven by the desire to enjoy royal happiness.  I deserve to be killed unarmed on the battlefield for even considering killing my kinsmen.




Sanjay:  Then Arjuna cast aside his bow and arrows and sat down on the chariot, overwhelmed with grief.