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Chand Kazi's Samadhi
This stone samadhi with a huge champaka tree entwined around and towering about it is the samadhi of the Muslim ruler Chand Kazi. This place is located just outside the boundary of Shri Antardwip. Nearby was his palace, and in the same general locale the father of Sacimata, Nilambara Cakravarti, resided.
Chand Kazi was a high ranking officer in the kingdom of Emperor Hussein Shah in Bengal. During the time of Mahaprabhu, he was the ruler of Navadwip and the chief magistrate. It has been reported that he used to interpret the Muslim's holy book called the Koran and would direct the emperor in his devotion to the Muslim god Allah. He was a staunch and obstinate oppressor of the Hindu religion in every way, and he was especially opposed to Hari Nama Sankirtan. In Krishna lila he was Kamsa, and Hussein Shah was Jarasandha.One day Chand Kazi was passing by Shrivas Angan when he heard the melodious ringing of karatals and the rhythmic beating of mridan-gas. The blare of conchshells and the ecstatic singing of Hari Nama Sankirtan filled the atmosphere with joy. The Kazi, hearing the jubilation of the devotees, immediately became envious and tried to call to his mind the Koran's instructions regarding the religious practices of others. But, he was unable to do so. Enraged all the more, he entered Shrivas Angan and grabbed a mridanga from one devotee and smashed it to the ground. He then ordered his men to beat whomever they caught. Finally, he issued the ultimatum that anyone caught singing the names of Krishna would have his property confiscated and would be forced to convert to Islam. The Kazi was planning to convert Hindus to Islam by sprinkling water on them.
The next day the devotees went to the house of Lord Chaitanya and reported all that had occured. When the Lord heard that Chand Kazi was attempting to stop the sankirtan movement, He became furious. However angry Shiva looks at the end of the cosmic annihilation was mild compared to how angry Lord Chaitanya looked. With a glance that could humble lightning and a voice like thunder, He ordered Nityananda Prabhu to immediately assemble all the Vaishnavas. He ordered each to bring a flaming torch and announced that they would together perform a gigantic nagar sankirtan throughout the city of old Navadwip.
Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu then sang the Holy Names of Lord Krishna and danced in ecstasy. He thus began preparing for the first public performance of sankirtan.
When all the Vaishnavas had asssembled, Lord Chaitanya organized them into groups. Advaita Acarya led one group. Haridas Thakur led another group, and Shrivas Pandit led still another group. Each group was fortified by four mridanga players, sixteen karatala players, one expert leader of kirtana and one ecstatic dancer. Each group was followed by thousands of devotees, all decorated nicely with tilak and each glorified by Tulasi neckbeads. The triumphant blare of conchshells, some deep and some high, filled the air.Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's sankirtan-lila was never revealed in any previous incarnation. Lord Chaitanya looked as effulgent as a million suns. Fragrant malati flowers decorate His hair, and a beautiful floral garland of five varieties of flowers hung down to His knees. His body shone like molten gold and was smeared with sandalwood paste. A sweet smile adorned His face.Lord Chaitanya, with Prabhu Nityananda close by His side, began leading hundreds of thousands of people north along the bank of the Ganges river. First He went to His own bathing place called Mahaprabhu Ghat and danced ecstatically. After that, He danced to Madhai Ghat, Barakona Ghat, and Nagariya Ghat and then left the bank of the Ganges. Lord Chaitanya then danced through the village of Ganganagar and then on to Simulia where the Chand Kazi resided. This can be read verbatim in the Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata, Madhya Khanda, Chapter 23 (beginning with verse 298) by Shrila Vrindavana das Thakur.
When the Kazi heard the tumultuous uproar, he sent his spies to discover the cause of the commotion. When the spies saw the huge nagar sankirtan party which stretched for miles, and when they heard the roaring Hare Krishna kirtan, they immediately fled in terror. They reached the Kazi and advised him to flee. They then reported what they had seen.
The Kazi began to shake in fear as the sankirtan party got close. The kirtan became louder and louder. Suddenly, it was outside his door, and above the powerful resounding of Ilari Nama, a voice like thunder said, "Where is that mischief monger Chand Kazi who tried to stop My sankirtan movement? I have incarnated to propagate the congregational chanting of the Holy Names of Lord Krishna. I am always present wherever My devotes ecstatically chant My Holy Names! How dare he break the mridanga that accompanies My sankirtan? How dare he obstruct what I have inaugurated to redeem this world? Now break down the doors and bring that rascal to Me without delay. Destroy anyone that stands in your way!" The Lord's words sounded like the roaring of a lion.At that time, some venerable and saintly souls fell at Mahaprabhu's feet and requested that He become merciful. They said that the Vedas describe the Supreme Lord as always poised, blissful and free from anger. Even when Brahma stole all His cowherd friends and calves, and even when Indra attacked Vraja with excessive rains, still the Lord remained equipoised. They requested the Lord to not in this way abandon His neutrality and minimize the Vedic injunctions.Lord Chaitanya became pleased, and He sent several respectable members of the brahminical community within the house of Chand Kazi. They found him in a corner, petrified, and shaking in fear. After becoming calm, the Kazi came out before the Lord with his head bowed. As the Chand Kazi was His maternal uncle, Kamsa, in Krishna lila, Lord Chaitanya addressed him as uncle. After exchanging some polite formalities, Lord Chaitanya said to him: go dugdha khao, gabi tomara mata. "You drink cow's milk, therefore the cow is your mother." (Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Adi-lila, Chapter 17, Verse 153) Lord Chaitanya then asked the Kazi why he killed and ate cows. The cow is the mother of everybody because the cow unselfishly and indiscriminately gives everyone her own milk. How can one justify killing and eating such a mother?
Although the words of Lord Chaitanya are simple, they are deep. Not even an animal who receives milk from his mother, or the offspring of any mammal, will kill and eat his own mother. Only the human animal will do this! Even in the human species, when a mother's breast milk has dried up, a mother will immediately accept a cow as surrogate mother and lovingly feed her infant milk from that cow. Then Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said to him:
go-angayata loma, lata sahasra vatsara
go-vadhi raurava-madhye pace nirantara
"Cow killers and cow eaters are condemned to rot in a hellish condition of life for as many thousands of years as there are hairs on the body of each cow they eat." (Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Adi-lila, Chapter 17, Verse 166)
There are many mistakes and illusions in non-Vedic scriptures. The compilers of these scriptures, not being exposed to the Absolute Truth, could not realize the essence of spiritual knowledge. They thus wrote things directly against logic and reason. Even the most basic of religious concepts, like the nature of the soul, the transmigration of the soul from body to body, and the eternality of the soul, cannot even be directly understood from these scritpures.In addition, the answers in these scriptures to many questions have changed over the centuries and are contradictory to the conclusions of the past. As the philosophy of these religions changes from time to time, this indicates that the original compilations were not of an eternal nature.
Even though Chand Kazi was the spiritual guide of the Emperor Hussein Shah, still his spiritual understanding and philosophy stemming from the Koran was inadequate and deficient. The Muslim Kazi himself concluded: sahaja yavana-sastre adrdha vicara. 'The reasonings and arguments in the scriptures of meat-eaters is not based on very sound judgement." (Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Adi-lila, Chapter 17, Verse 171)Chand Kazi stated that according to the Muslim book, the Koran, there is no mention or any authorization for killing the cow. He concluded that those who say these conclusions are authorized are speaking against the Holy Koran.From that time onwards, Chand Kazi became a devotee and he refrained from meat-eating and the killing of any creature. Even during the chaotic Hindu-Muslim riots, the descendants of Chand Kazi kept intact the promise given by their ancestor and never had any conflict with the Hindus.
Lord Chaitanya, changing the subject, asked the Kazi why that night before he had stopped the sankirtan at Shrivas Angan but that today he did not try to stop it. The Kazi, looking grave, told the Lord that after breaking the mridanga he came home and went to bed. That night he dreamed that a ferocious and fearful being with the body of a man and the head of a lion and who possessed frightful teeth and elongated nails threatened him with death if he ever again impeded the sankirtan movement. Sitting on his chest and roaring fearfully, He scratched him.The Kazi then bared his chest, and the devotees saw the unmistakable nail marks of a lion. They immediately remembered Nrsimha-deva and accepted the Kazi's story in great wonderment. The Chand Kazi, with tears in his eyes, then fell at the lotus feet of the Lord and vowed that from that day onwards neither he nor anyone from his dynasty would ever, now or in the future, put any obstruction whatsoever to the sankirtan movement. If, said the Kazi, any descendant of his ever did so, then that descendant would be rejected from the family and disinherited.Hearing this, Lord Chaitanya chanted "Hari! Hari!" Rising, He led the jubilant and victorious sankirtan party back to Shridham Mayapur. As He was returning, He stopped at the house of His dear devotee Shridhara.After Chand Kazi left his body, his samadhi was placed here. This tree towering above it is more than 500 years old. This tree actually witnessed all these events. Devotees of Lord Chaitanya, feeling humility, circumambulate the Chand Kazi's samadhi for he received the Lord's mercy. If you look up at the tree you will see that although it is hollow inside, it still always offers nice flowers. Hare Krishna!