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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Navadvipa Krishna Chaitanya Holy Land > Ritudwip > Vidyanagar



Vidyanagar's glories are amazing. Within Ritudwip, on the western boundary of Shri Navadwip Dham, is Vidyanagar. This place is ex­tremely glorious, for it is the original source of the Vedas, the Upanisads, the Puranas, the Smritis and the 64 branches of knowledge. This place is the main center of education, learning and teaching in the universe. Grandfather Brahma teaches sages and demigods at this place. The sages, who by performing austerities have the ability to realize these teachings perfectly, illuminate the Upanisads. Manu, Vasistha, Pulastya, Angira, etc., manifesting their smritis, all teach them here to the various rishis.The sage Valmiki, by the grace of Narada Muni, composed the illustrious Ramayana at this place and taught it to his disciples, such as Bharadvaja. Here, Dhanvantari received the knowledge of Ayur Veda, Visvamrita got Tantra Veda, and Saunaka acquired knowledge of all the Vedas. Here, Kapila received sankhya philosophy, Gautama received nyaya philosophy, Karnabhuk received vaisesika philosophy, Pantanjali received the Yoga-sutras, Jaimini received mimamsa philosophy, Shri Vyasadeva received Vedanta, the Puranas, the Maha-bharata; etc., and Narada Muni received the Pancaratra. All these celebrated sages manifested their philosophies while residing here at Vidyanagara. Here also they taught their disciples who distributed what they had learned around the world.In Vidyanagara, Shri Vyasadeva manifested the 18,000 slokas of the Shrimad-Bhagavatam, which is the spotless Purana and which contains the essence of all spiritual knowledge, the conclusion of all spiritual philosophies and the goal of all spiritual endeavors. Shrimad-Bhagavatam reveals the meaning of the gayatri mantra, which is the essence oiMahabharata, and it reveals the truth of the Upanisads. The Shrimad-Bhagavatam is factually the heart and soul of the Vaishnavas.


The guru of the demigods, Brihaspati, who is expert in all branches of education, learned from Lord Brahma that Shri Krishna would appear in Shri Navadwip Dham in Kali-yuga, and that the Lord would freely distribute Krishna prema through the medium of Krishna Nama. Becoming totally disenchanted with the heavenly planets, despite its freedom from old age and disease, Brihaspati rejected his position in the royal court of King Indra and took birth here at Vidyanagar. With great delight, around the year 1460, he appeared here as Vasudeva Sarvabhauma. His father's name was Mahesh Visharad and his younger brother's name was Vidyavacaspati. Sarva­bhauma Bhattacarya, in his youth, studied in Mithila and became expert in nava nyaya, new logic. After completing his education, he tried to bring the manuscripts of the nava nyaya philosophy back with him to Vidyanagar, but the pandits in Mithila did not allow any literatures on nyaya philosophy to ever leave Mithila. But Shri Sarva­bhauma had a photographic memory, so he memorized the complete texts.


This is called sruti-dhara, which means that as soon as one once hears something, he will never forget it. In this way, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya memorized all the explanations given by the Mithila pandits. When he returned to Vidyanagar, he wrote out the nava nyaya philosophical literatures plus their explanations. He then added his own purports. He established a school and began teaching new logic, which became popular within the brahminical community in Shri Navadwip Dham. Even today Navadwip by the mercy of Sarva­bhauma Bhattacarya, is considered the main center of navin nyaya.As the years passed by, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya reflected that his school of nava nyaya was dry and uninspiring. He thought that nava nyaya, in comparison to devotional service, was lifeless. Not caring for it any longer, he left Vidyanagar and his students, and moved to Jagannath Puri. He thought it inauspicious to teach this philosophy in Jagannath Puri, which is the Lord's eternal abode, because it had nothing to do with bhakti. Therefore he gave this up even before Lord Chaitanya appeared. His conviction and his devotion to Lord Chaitanya was so wonderful that he was sure that if he was truly a servant of Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, then the Lord would certainly be merciful and come and find His devotee. Thinking like this he left Navadwip. Tn Jagannath Puri, he became the royal pandit in the assembly of King Prataparudra. At that time, he was considered the chief scholar among the advaitavadis. All the biggest monist philosophers and advaitavadis used to come to him to study the Vedanta-sutra and the commentaries of Shri Sankaracarya.


Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, after taking sannyasa, at the request of His mother, Sacimata, also came to Jagannath Puri. During His first darshan of Lord Jagannath, He immediately wanted to embrace the Lord on the altar. But He fell to the floor unconscious. At this time, by the will of the Lord, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya happened to be at the temple for darshan. Seeing Mahaprabhu's exhibition of the eight types of bhavas on His body, Sarvabhauma was amazed. He immedi­ately considered the Lord an extraordinary personality. Sarvabhauma made sure the guards did not disturb Him, and then had the Lord carefully brought to his own house.Later, when Nityananda Prabhu and Gadadhara arrived and ex­plained to him that the person he had so carefully protected was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu from Navadwip, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya became happy. Jagannath Misra was an old and dear friend of his from before Mahaprabhu's birth. Now seeing his friend's son before him in sannyasa garb, he became filled with bliss.Later, in a private place, showing great affection with the purpose of helping Mahaprabhu, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya instructed the Lord for seven days on the Vedanta-sutra commentary of Sankar­acarya. But Mahaprabhu defeated the philosophy established by Sankaracarya. Then, out of His causeless mercy, He revealed to Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya His six-armed sadbhuja form, two arms holding a bow and arrow from Rama lila, two arms playing a flute from Kiishna lila, and two arms holding a danda and waterpot from Gaura lila.


When Sarvabhauma witnessed this phenomena he swooned in ecstasy. He fell to the ground and bathed the Lord's lotus feet in tears of joy. Lord Chaitanya smiled and instructed him not to reveal what he had witnessed as long as He was present on earth. Furthermore, He instructed Sarvabhauma to serve the lotus feet of Shri Nityananda Prabhu with love and devotion. He then revealed Nityananda Prabhu as His second body and non-t-different from Balaram. As the realiza­tion that Mahaprabhu was im fact the Supreme Personality of God­head, Lord Shri Krishna, dawrned on Sarvabhauma, he became inun­dated in waves of ecstasy. Vidyanagar is also the placce of mahaprabhu's vidya vilasa, or His pastimes of acquiring education. Performing His lila of being the 'maha logician', Nimai Panditt fooled all of Shri Navadwip Dham, thus showing that logic and reasson, servants of bhakti, have no inde­pendence. Mahaprabhu usedl to cross the Ganges to come here and defeat all the disciples of Saarvabhauma Bhattacarya with his razor sharp logic and powerful inttellect. The big pandits and empirical scholars of this place would cquake in fear when in the distance they saw Him. This place is the pittha svarupa, the original substratum, for nava-vidya bhakti, the nine typpes of devotional service to Shri Krishna.

Praudha Maya always residees here. She excludes non-devotees from this place and induces the de;votees to come. She thus, in this place, renders service to Mahaprabrhu.


Now let us, with great humiility, fall in the dust of Vidyanagar and offer our respectful obeisancees to Nitai and Gauranga to hear about the sacred tract of transcendeental land called Vidyanagar. Haribol!