Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Navadvipa Krishna Chaitanya Holy Land > Parikrama Places > Gauda Mandala

Navadvipa (Gaura Mandala) Area

By Jada Bharata Dasa

Please buy his book to support the author


Gaura Mandala is one hundred sixty-eight miles in circum­ference, with the  Ganges running through the center. Gaura Mandala takes the form of a  hundred-petaled lotus with Navad­vipa in the center. Navadvipa is known as  Audarya Dhama. The word audarya means magnanimity, generosity, and  overflowing grace. It refers to the state when all the Lord qualities manifests  in the devotees. Navadvipa consists of nine (nava) islands (dvipa), and the  nine islands resemble an eight-petaled lotus flower. The circum­ference of  the center of the flower, Antardvipa (Mavapur), is ten miles, and the  circumference of the eight flower petals of Navadvipa is thirty miles.  According to the scriptures, the diam­eter of Gaura Mandala is 56 miles and  the radius is 32 miles. The center point, situated within Navadvipa, is Yoga  Pitha, the sacred place where Lord Caitanya appeared. The whole of  Na­vadvipa is a spiritual manifestation, for at this holy place Sri Gauranga  performed His transcendental activities. The Lord appeared in Navadvipa  Dhama in all four yugas. In Satya-yuga He appeared as Lord Narasimha. In  Treta-yuga Lord Rama came to Navadvipa. In Dwapara-yuga, when King  Samudra Sena fought with Bhima, Krishna came to help him. In Kali-vuga,  Lord Caitanva Mahaprabhu performed his pastimes in Navadvipa Dhama.  According to Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur the leading acaryas of the four  Vaishnava sampradayas all came to Navadvipa Dhama. They are  Ramanujacarya (Sri sampradaya),  Nimbarkacarya (Kumara sampradaya),  Madhvacarya (Brahma sampradaya), and Vishnusvami (Rudra sampradaya).  A C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada said that Vrindavana was his home  and Mayapur (Navadvipa Dhama) was where he worshiped Sri Caitanya  Mahaprabhu.


Holy Places in Navadvipa Dhama


The holy rivers such as the Ganges and Yamuna, as well as the seven holy  cities headed by Prayaga are within Navadvipa Dhama. They are Mathura,  Ayodhya, Maya (Haridwar), Kasi (Varanasi) Kanci, Avanti (Ujjain) and  Dwarka. Gaura Mandala is directly in the spiritual world. The 12  transcendental forests of B raj a are all found in Na­vadvipa Dham in  concealed forms. Antardvipa is Gokula-Maha-vana. The forest of Madhuvana  and Mathura city are north of Prithu Kunda. Godrumadvipa is Nandagram. In  Koladvipa is Bahulavana. In Koladvipa is a hill called Kuliya and this hill is  Govardhana Hill. Jahnudvipa is Bhadravana. Modadrumadvipa is  Bhandiravana. Mahatpur in Modadrumadvipa is Kamyavana. Mayamari in  Simantadvipa is Talavana and Rudradvipa is Baelvana. Khadiravana is at  Champahatti. Radha Kunda is in Ritudvipa. The main Ganges always flows  in the middle of Navadvipa. Near the Ganges flows the Yamuna. East of the  Yamuna are the Tamraparni, the Kritamala and the Brahmaputra. The  Sarayu, Gomati, Narmada, Godavari, Sindhu and Kaveri also flow through  Navadvipa Dham. All these rivers intersect to form the nine islands of  Navadvipa. The island at the junction of the Ganges and the Yamuna is  called Antardvipa. Within Antardvipa is Sri Dham Mayapur, where Lord  Caitanya appeared. Sixteen holy rivers previously flowed through Navadvipa,  but over time all but the Ganges and Saraswati have dried up. The 16 sacred  rivers that used to flow through Mayapur are the Yamuna, Bhagavati,  Alakananda. Kaveri. Saraswati, Tamrapni. Brahma­putra, Saraju, Ganges,  Manasa Ganga, Kritamala Vidyadhari, Narmada, Gomati, Mandakini and the  Godavari.  In Sri Navadvipa Dham Mahatmya it is said that in just one  portion of Navadvipa all the sacred places, sages, munis, demi­gods, the  Vedic scriptures and mantras reside. Whatever results a person can attain  by performances of thousands of horse sac­rifices, and various types of  rituals can be attained ten million times just by remembering Navadvipa.  What can be said about actuallv seeing Navadvipa?

In Sri Navadvipa Dham, the abode of Lord Caitanya, the Lord does not  consider a devotee's offenses.


Nine Islands of Navadvipa Dham


The area of Sri Navadvipa Dhama is divided into nine divi­sions, called  islands. Within the central island of Antardvipa is Mayapur. This entire area  is considered a holy place. Each one of these divisions represents one of  the nine processes of devo­tional service. The nine divisions are: 1)  Antardvipa, Sri May­apur (surrendering everything); 2) Sirnantadvipa  (hearing); 3) Godrumadvipa (chanting); 4) Madhyadvipa (remembering); 5)  Koladvipa (serving the lotus feet); 6) Ritudvipa (worshipping); 7) Jahnudvipa  (praying); 8) Modadrumadvipa (beinga servant); and 9) Rudradvipa (being a  friend). When you do Gaura Man­dala Parikrama you visit each island in the  order that is listed.


Nityananda Prabhu Brings Jiva Gosvami on Parikrama


Nityananda personally brought Jiva Gosvami on parikrama of Navadvipa  Dhama. This is described in Sri Navadvipa Dham Mahatmya by Bhaktivinoda  Thakur. When Jiva Gosvami toured Navadvipa Mandala many of the  personalities that were present when Lord Caitanya was there were still  present. When Jiva Gos­vami and Nityananda Prabhu went to the house of  Jagannatha Misra he had the darshan of Saci Devi and they took jnasada in  her house. Srila Narahari Cakravarti Thakur gives a description of Na­vadvipa  Dham Parikrama in Sri Bhakti-ratnakara. He describes the parikrama that  Sri Isana Thakur, the servant of Sacimata, gave to Srinivasa Acarya,  Narottama Dasa Thakur and Ramacan-dra Kaviraja.


Quotes from Sri Navadvipa Mahatmya


A person who once visits Mayapur is easily freed from the bondage of maya.  One who walks throughout Mayapur is freed from the influence ofmaya and  the repetition of birth and death."For living entities it is always proper to first  take shelter of  Navadvipa to obtain the qualification for relishing the  rasa of  Braja. Then one may live in Vrindavana, the place for actually acquiring that  rasa, and there he will enjoy those transcenden­tal mellows When you get  the mercy of Navadvipa, vou will eas­ily attain Vrindavana."


There is no consideration of fitness for hearing the glories of Navadvipa.  Dying in other tirthasgives either material enjoyment or liberation, but dying  in Navadvipa gives pure devotion to the Lord. Death in other tirthas or in Kasi  (Varanasi) are insignifi­cant compared to death in Navadvipa. Living in  Navadvipa for one day is better than living for a kalpa in Prayaga, Varanasi,  or any other tirtha. With every step one attains the results of performing a  great sacrifice.


Order of Navadvipa Mandala Parikrama


One begins in Mayapur, visiting the house of Jagannatha Misra and Saci  Devi. You then go north to Simantadvipa. Next you go south to  Godrumadvipa and then to Madhyadvipa. These are four islands on the east  bank of the Ganges. One then crosses the Ganges and goes to Koladvipa  and then to Ritudvipa. You then go to Jahnudvipa, then Modadrumadvipa and  then to Rudradvipa. You then cross the Ganges and return to Mayapur and  go to the appearance place of Lord Caitanya. According to Navadvipa Dharn  Mahatmya the best time to do parikrama is from the tithis of  Makara-saptami up to the full moon day or purnima of Phalguna.   When  Lord Caitanya had kirtana before going to the Chand Kazi's house he first  started in Mayapur. He then went to Barakona Ghata, after that around  Ballal Dighi and then to Sridhara's house. He would then go to the edge of  Antardvipa and complete the five krosa tour. Next He would go to Chand  Kazi's house. He would then talk to Sridhara. From there he would go to  Godrumadvipa and then Madhyadvipa. He would then cross the Ganges and  go to Paradanga and Chinadanga. Finally He would cross the Ganges again  and return home, com­pleting eight krosas. The complete parikrama is 16  krosas. During this tour one o-oes to the 12 forests of Vrindavana. In  Vrindavana the 12 for-ests come in a particular order, but in Navadvipa the  order is not the same. In Navadvipa Dhama the order is reversed. There is  unlimited benefit doing parikrama at any time, but the best time to do  parikrama is to start in the month of Phalguna (March) starting on the sukla  saptami (seventh day of the bright half of the month) and finishing on the  purnima (full moon) day (Lord Caitanya's appearance day). As explained by  Nity-ananda Prabhu to Jiva Gosvami parikrama should take nine days,  spending one day in each island.  It is best to do parikrama with bare feet,  unless your feet are injured. Leather shoes should not be worn for any  reason. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura initiated parikrama of  Navadvipa Dhama in 1918 following the path presented by Srila Bhaktivinoda  Thakur's book Sri Navadvipa Dhama Mahatmya. It is said that he did  Navadvipa parikrama 8 times. He would ride on top of an elephant.


Lord Caitanya's Appearance


Srimati Sacidevi first gave birth to eight daughters, but just after their birth,  they all died. She then gave birth to Nimai's older brother, Visvarupa, who  was an incarnation of Balarama.The Lord appeared on the 23rd Phalguna of  1407, Sakabda year, or by the Western calendar, March 14, 1486. This day  is also Holi. At this time there was a full moon lunar eclipse. At this time  millions of devotees stood in the Ganges River chant­ing the holy names of  the Lord. Astrologers had foretold the exact time of the lunar eclipse. Lord  Caitanya remained in His mother's womb for 13 months. Nilambara  Cakravarti by his astrological calculations determined I hat his grandson  Nimai was an exalted personality and would protect and maintain the entire  world. He therefore named Him Visvambara, the sustainer of the universe.  The ladies in the neigh­borhood called Him Gaurahari. His mother called  Him Nimai, because he was born under a Neem tree. His father called Him  Gauranga. He was later called Sri Krishna Caitanya, because He was  engaged in awakening Sri Krishna, the Supreme Lord in the heart of all men.  Shortly after Lord Caitanya was born, Advaita Acarya's wife Sitadevi, went to  see baby Nimai to present gifts to the newly born child. She gave gold  ornaments, tiger nails set in gold, waist decorations of silk and lace and  child garments made of silk. She blessed the child with a long duration of  life and gave Him the name Nimai. Lord Caitanya was born under a neem  (nima) tree and also neem wood is extremely antiseptic.  After calculating  Lord Caitanya's astrological chart, Nilambara Cakravarti, the father of Srimati  Sacideviv, told Jagan­natha Misra that he saw all the different symptoms of  a great personality in both the body and chart of the child. Thus he  understood that in the future this child would deliver all the three worlds.  Nilambara Cakravarti said that he saw all 32 bodily marks that symptomize  a great personality on the body of child Nimai. Also the baby had all the  symbols of Lord Narayana on His palms and soles.


History of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu


The early pastimes of Lord Caitanya were recorded by Murari Gupta. The  later pastimes were recorded by Svarupa Damodara and Raghunatha Dasa  Gosvami. Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami re­corded some pastimes of Lord  Caitanya in his book Gauranga-stava-kalpavriksa. Lord Caitanya was born in  1486 in Sri Dhama Mayapur (Na­vadvipa). He was on this earth for 48 years.  For 24 years Lord Caitanya lived in Navadvipa, always engaging in the  pastimes of the Hare Krishna movement. After 24 years He accepted the  renounced order of life, sannyasa, and He resided for 24 years in  Jagannatha Puri. Of these 24 years, He spent the first six years  continuously touring India, sometimes in South India, some­times in Bengal  and sometimes in Vrindavana. For the remain-ing eighteen years He  continuously stayed in Jagannatha Puri. In His childhood, when the Lord  was crying, He would stop immediately upon hearing the holy names of  Krishna and Hari. He became a serious student and also taught. He used to  ex­plain the holy names of Krishna everywhere. When teaching a course in  grammar, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu taught His dis­ciples about the glories  of Lord Krishna. All explanations culmi­nated in Krishna, and His disciples  would understand them very easily. Just prior to His youthful life, He began  the sankirtana movement. Day and night He used to dance in ecstasy with  His devotees.


Sastra Verifying location of Old Navadvipa at present Mayapur


According to the scriptures, Antardvipa, which contains Sri Dhama Mayapur  is on the eastern side of the Ganges. Accord­ing to Caitanya Caiitamrita,  Caitanya Bhagavata, Bhakti-ratnakara and other old authorized scriptures, it  is known that Sri Dhama Mayapur, Ballal Dighi, the samadhi of Chand Kazi  and Sridhara Angan are all on the eastern side of the Ganges in close  proxim­ity to each other. The present day city of Navadvipa is on the  western side of the Ganges. This is actually old Koladvipa. This city was  established in 1879, so it can be concluded that Lord Caitanya could not  have appeared there.


Over the last 500 years, since the appearance of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,  the Ganges has changed its path several times. Also the Ganges would  flood Mayapur and the residents would leave where they were living and  cross the Ganges and settle on higher ground. Over the years this flooding  occurred many times and so the exact location of Lord Caitanya's birth  place became lost. In the late 1880s Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur searched  through government records and old books, such as Navadvipa Sataka,  Bhakti-ratnakara and Urdhvamanla. He discovered that the ap­pearance  place of Lord Caitanya was on the eastern bank of the Ganges and in the  past it was known as Mayapur. After talking with local pandits and  questioning leading Vaish-navas living in the area, Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur  found out about a mound of earth which was covered with Tulasi plants on  the island of Antardvipa. Because mysterious sounds and lights had been  seen over the years at this place, the local people had left this area  uninhabited and uncultivated. Srila Bhaktivinoda brought his spiritual master,  Jagannatha Dasa Babaji Maharaja, who at that time was 142 years old, to  this place. As soon as he reached the place he jumped high in the air and  began to dance, confirming the discovery of the birthplace of Sri Gauranga.


Lotus Feet of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu


On Lord Caitanya's feet are 32 auspicious marks. Practically all the marks  that are on both Radha and Krishna are on the feet of Lord Caitanya. Srila  Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura de­scribes the footprints of Gauranga in Sri  Rupa Cintamani.  On Lord Caitanya's right foot are: (1) umbrella, (2) spear,  (3) barleycone, (4) goad, (5) thunderbolt, (6) four rose-apples, (7) earring, (8)  an altar, (9) staff (danda), (10) club, (11) chariot, (12) lotus flower, (13) four  benediction symbols (svasti), (14) octoagon, (15) pristine mountain, and (16)  upward-curving line. These marks go from the big toe and encircle His sole  around to the small toe.

On Lord Caitanya's left foot are: (1) conch shell, (2) sky emblem (akasa), (3)  waterpot, (4) flag, (5) vine (lata), (6) flower garland, (7) half-moon, (8) cakra,  (9) unstrung bow, (10) tri­angle, (11) bangle, (12) flower, (13) four jugs," (14)  fish, (15) cow's hoofprint, and (16) turtle. These marks go from the big toe  and encircle His sole to the small toe.


Lotus Feet of Lord Nityananda


On Lord Nityananda's right foot are: (1) Yajnapitha, (2) akasa, (3) lotus, (4)  elephant goad, (5) club, (6) flower, (7) tree, (8) fish, (9) four water pots, (10)  cow's hoof, (11) vine, and (12) umbrella. On Lord Nityananda's left foot are:  (1) lotus, (2) conch, (3) chakra, (4) barleycorn, (5) four arrows, (6) unstrung  bow, (7) crescent moon, (8) jaman fruit, (9) Yajnapitha, (10) Vajra, and (11)  flag.


Navadvipa Associates and Who They Are in Krishna Lila


Abhirama Gopala                  

Advaita Acarya

 Caitanya Dasa

 Caitanya Mahaprabhu

 Devananda Pandita

Dhananjava Pandita


 Ganga Dasa

 Gauridasa Pandita


Hadai Pandita

Hari Dasa Thakur

Jagadananda Pandita

 Jagannatha Misra


 Kesava Bharati


 Mukunda Datta

 Murari Gupta

Narahari Sarakara

Nilambara Cakravarti



Paramesvara Dasa

Pundarika Vidyanidhi

Purusottama Dasa

Raghava Gosvami

Raghava Pandita


Ramacandra Puri

Saci Mata

Sadasiva Kaviraja

Saranga Thakura

Sikhi Mahiti


Sivananda Sena

Sivananda's wife


Srivasa Pandita

Sundarananda Thakui

Uddharana Datta

Vakresvara Pandita

Vasudeva Datta





Sada Siva

Daksa (Krishna's parrot)

Radha and Krishna

Bhaguri Muni


Srimati Radharani

Durvasa Muni




Brahma and Prahlada


Nanda Maharaja


Sandipani Muni


Vrinda Devi



Garga Muni




Vrishabhanu Maharaja

Stoka Krishna













Narada Muni







Twelve Cowherd Boys

These are the 12 devotees from Gaura-lila who descended with Nityananda  Prabhu. They are the intimate associates and servant of Lord Nityananda.  They are:


Abhirama Gopala


Gauridasa Pandit

 Paramesvara Dasa

 Dhananjaya Pandita

Mahesh Pandita

 Purusottama Dasa

 Kala Krishna Dasa

 Purusottama Nagara

 Uddharana Datta

 Sridhara Kholaveca


Places in Vrindavana and What It Is in Navadvipa

Vrindavana and Navadvipa are considered non-different. Places in  Vrindavana are also found in Navadvipa. The follow­ing is a list of some  places in Vrindavana and the corresponding place in Navadvipa Dhama.


Akrura Ghata                      Vaikuntapura

Bahulavana    Kola Parvata (northern side)

Bhandirvana   Mamagachi

Champavana  Naimisaranya

Dauji   Saradanga

Govardhana   Kola Parvata

Jahnuvana     Jahnu Asrama

Khandiravana Champahatu

Kumudavana  Samudra Garh

Madhuvana    Sridhara's Place

Mahavana      Mayapur

Mathura        Kazi Nagar

Nandagram    Gadiagacha

Naradavana   Vidyanagar

Radha Kunda  Ritupura

Rudravana     Rudrapura

Sarabhivana   Surabhi Kunja

Talavana       Mayamori

Vrindavana     Paradanga


Ganges (Ganga) River


The Ganges starts near Gangotri, where it is called the Bhagirathi River.  When the Bhagirathi meets the Alakananda River it takes the name  Ganges. She meets the Yamuna and the invisible, or underground,  Saraswati at Allahabad (Prayaga). Several other important rivers meet the  Ganges like the Gandaki, Kosi, Son, and Karnali on its way to the Bay of  Bengal. About 450 km before reaching the Bay of Bengal, the Ganges  divides into several rivers. The widest river goes into Bangladesh and is  called the Padma River. Another branch heads south through Mayapur and  Calcutta before reaching the Bay of Bengal at Gangasagara. It is called the  Hugh when it passes through Cal­cutta. The numerous holy places along  the Ganges include Gangotri, Haridwar, Kankhal, Prayaga (Allahabad),  Varanasi, Mayapur, and Gangasagara.


History of Navadvipa Dhama


In 1478, General Hussain Shah dethroned the then Hindu King of Bengal,  Subuddhi Raya. The Muslims kings would rule the country through Kazis or  Governors. The Kazis would ad­minister the government and collect taxes.  They would give a percentage of the taxes collected to the state treasury  and keep the remainder for themselves. Nadia (another name of Navadvipa)  was famous as a city of learning. There were many tols (school) in  Navadvipa at the time of Lord Caitanya. Thousands of students came from  all over India to study in Navadvipa.


Places visited by Lord Caitanya On First Attempt to Visit vrindavana


Halisahara (Kumarahatta)

Kancadapada (Kancanapalli)





Then He returned to Santipur for 10 days

Then He returned to Jagannatha Puri.



by Harikesh dasa prabhu


The Supreme Personality of Godhead is Sri Krishna. Every­thing within the  material and spiritual worlds emanates from Him. He has multiple  expansions, which also function with all the potency of the Supreme Lord.  The first expansion in the spiritual world is Lord Balarama. He is the elder  brother of Sri Krishna in His eternal pastimes. As the expansion of Lord  Krishna, Lord Balarama is as potent as He is, but He thinks Himself  subordinate to Sri Krishna. It is a fact that every living entity is subordinate  to the Supreme Lord Krishna; everyone is His servant. Lord Caitanya  Mahaprabhu is Lord Krishna Himself, de­scended to this world with the  mood and complexion of Srimati Radharani, the internal potency of the Lord  and His eternal consort. His first expansion is Lord Nityananda. Lord  Nityananda is also called Nityananda-rama because He is actually Lord  Bal­arama. He came to this world some years before the appearance of Lord  Caitanya. Because He is Lord Balarama, even though He was born of  different parents than Lord Caitanya, Lord Cai­tanya still considered Him His  elder brother. Lord Nityananda thinks Himself to be the eternal servant of  Lord Caitanya and always acts in this mood of humble submission before  His Lord. Because Lord Nityananda is Balarama, He is also the origi­nal  Sankarsana. It is from this Sankarsana that all other expan­sions of the Lord  come. Ananta Sesa, who carries all the uni­verses on His hoods, is a partial  expansion of this original Sankarsana. Although Lord Nityananda may be  explained as being the original Sankarsana and Atlanta Sesa, this  explana­tion does not really enhance His glory, for His form as Lord  Balarama is superior to these other forms. Lord Nityananda Himself is  unique. His pastimes and personality cannot be du­plicated, even by other  incarnations of the Lord.


Lord Nityananda appeared on this planet approximately four­teen years  before Lord Caitanya did. He appeared in Ekacakra, a village about six  hours drive form Sri Mayapur. His father was Hadai Ojha, His mother the  devoted Padmavati-devi. They were completely attached to their wonderful  son and could not think of separation from Him, even for a moment.Lord  Nityananda performed many wonderful childhood pas­times with His  playmates. In the Caitanya Bhagavata, by Srila Vrindavana Dasa Thakura,  there is a story of how Lord Nity­ananda used to enact the pastimes of  Krishna and Balarama or those of Rama, Laksmana, and Hanuman, and as  He did so He would perfectly enter into the mood of the pastime. He was  es­pecially adept at playing the parts of Balarama and Laksmana because  these roles were, in fact, His eternal identities. Once He played the role of  Laksmana so perfectly that during the pastime of Laksmana being severely  injured during the war by the forces of Ravana., He fell unconscious and His  friends could not revive Him. Only when another boy, playing the role of  Ha­numan, brought healing herbs from the Gandhamadana moun­tain did He  revive. Desiring to leave His family life and wander freely through­out India,  Lord Nityananda left home with a sannyasi mendi­cant who begged His  farther to allow him to take the young Lord with him as he traveled.  Needless to say, His parents were heartbroken, and after the Lord left,  Hadai Ojha left his body. He was unable to bear the separation from his  wonderful son. Lord Nityananda wandered throughout India for many years,  visiting all the important holy places and meeting many great personalities  of the time. But when He understood by His spiri­tual vision that Lord  Caitanya along with His eternal associates was about to begin His  transcendental pastimes of chanting His own holy names and establishing  the yuga-dharma, Lord Nit­yananda immediately went to Navadvipa and  joined His beloved Lord Caitanya.


This meeting between Lord Caitanya and Lord Nityananda was so ecstatic  that it cannot be properly described in words. The eternal brothers, Caura  and Nitai (Caitanya and Nit­yananda), were finally reunited after some years  of separation. They proceeded to chant and dance with spiritual ecstasy,  and They absorbed Themselves in the pastimes of the Lord in the  mood of  devotees. Lord Nityananda was especially absorbed in the mood of a small  cowherd boy of Vrindavana. He would wander through­out Navadvipa in a  restless way, as a small boy would usually do. Mother Saci, the eternal  mother of Lord Caitanya, also consid­ered T ord Nitvananrla hf>r «nn AnH  indeed, since she was Mother Devaki herself, He was. Once, Lord Caitanya  ordered Lord Nityananda and Haridasa Thakura to go out into the town of  Navadvipa and deliver the fallen souls by requesting them to chant the holy  names of Krishna. So Lord Nityananda and Haridasa Thakura went from  door to door and brought a portion of the ocean of love of God­head to every  home. Some persons appreciated the request of the Lord so much that they  immediately began chanting Hare Krishna, while others promised to do so  later on. In this way their preaching was very effective. However, during their  preaching they happened upon two drunken brothers names Jagai and  Madai. These brothers were the lowest among men; indeed, there wasn't a  single sinful ac­tivity they had not performed. Lord Nityananda thought that if  He could deliver these drunken rascals then Lord Caitanya's fame would be  broadcast far and wide. Therefore He approached the rogues and requested  them to chant. Jagai and Madai flew into a rage and began chasing Lord  Caitanya's messengers with the intention of harming them. Later on, Lord  Nityananda mercifully arranged to meet the two drunks again, on the bank of  the Ganges. Once again He requested them to chant, but one of them threw  a piece of bro­ken pot at the Lord, cutting His head. The other drunk tried to  restrain his brother for the protection of the Lord. In the mean­time, Lord  Caitanya heard about this incident and came run­ning to the spot. He  immediately called for His Sudarsana cakra (his disc weapon). His intention  was to kill the rogues. But Lord Nityananda explained about the good  qualities of the brother who tried to help Him and Lord Caitanya softened.  Lord Nit­yananda, by His all-merciful desire, delivered the two drunken  rogues to the lotus fret of Lord Caitanya, and they could under- stand that  Lord Caitanya had saved them by His causeless mercy. After this, Jagai  and Madai became purified and were accepted as the dear associates of the  Lord. Lord Nityananda performed many pastimes together with Lord  Caitanya and these pastimes are chronicled both in the Caitanya Bhagavata  and Caitanya Caritamrita. When Lord Cait­anya took sannyasa and traveled  to Jagannatha Puri Dhama on the request of His mother, Lord Nityananda  went with Him and assisted Him in His pastimes there. Since Lord Caitanya  had left Bengal, the country of His birth, He was concerned about how the  conditioned souls there would be able to taste the nec­tar of love of  Godhead, which He'd come to freely distribute in this incarnation. Later on,  Lord Caitanya asked Lord Nityananda to return to Bengal and deliver all the  fallen souls there. Al­though it was difficult for Lord Nityananda to leave the  associa­tion of Lord Caitanya, He did so under the order of the Lord.


While in Bengal the Lord engaged His eternal associates, the original twelve  cowherd boys, who are the friends of Lord Balarama in Gokula Vrindavana,  and together they chanted the holy names with ecstatic abandon. Even the  most sinful persons were enchanted by the dancing and chanting of Lord  Nityananda and His associates. Such fortunate souls all became liberated  from the material world. Lord Nityananda will be forever remembered  wherever Lord Caitanya is worshiped. For the two eternal brothers, Sri Sri  Gaura-Nitai, are blessing the people of this world even today in Their  transcendental Deity forms, the arca-vigraha. Simply by chant­ing the  names of Sri Sri Gaura-Nitai, one overcomes all the mis­eries of material  existence and comes to the platform of love of Godhead. Let us all worship  these all-merciful Lords with love and devotion and develop our original  ecstatic love for Krishna.


Suggested Reading


Sri Navadvipa Mahatmya by Bhaktivinoda Thakura is an ex­cellent book  describing Lord Nityananda taking Jiva Gosvami on parikrama of Sri  Navadvipa Dhama. Appreciating Navadvipa Dhama by Mahanidhi Svami is  full of quotes and information  about Navadvipa Dhama, Lord Caitanya and  His associates. Sri Caitanya Mangala by Locana Dasa Thakura is a history  of Lord Caitanya's pastimes. Caitanya Caritamritaby Krishna Dasa Kaviraja,  which was trans­lated by AC Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada is the  best book about Lord Caitanya. It is highly recommended reading for anyone  who wants to understand Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.


Bengali Words                     


where             kotai         

let's go        chelojao        

stop          bas        

big           boro        

small        choto       

I             anir         

what     ki       

later ( a polite way of saying "no") poray    

now              ekon          

slowly          aste aste      

clean            parishkar      

cloth            kapor          

less               kom           

too much      besi      

very good      khub bhalo      

week               sapta       

what              ki    


banana          kola           

bread          pao roti         

butter         makhon          

fruit          phol       

grapes        anjul    

lime          laybu      

papaya        pepay   

peanuts         badam   

pomegranate dalim     

salt                lobon, noor         

orange            mozambi   

mandarin       kamala layb     

water             jal   

yogurt       doi     

How much?      koto dam?

What is your name?    apnar nam ki?

My name is              amar nam

How far is      ?        Koto dur     ?

How are you?            Kemon ache?                                                     

What is that?             eita ki?

Can you speak Bengali?        Bangla bolte paren?

What time is ti?          koto shamai?

Give me the bill            bill amake dao

Do not add ice              bharaf lagbay na