Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Navadvipa Krishna Chaitanya Holy Land > Koladwip > Keshava Goswami Maharaj's Samadhi

Shrila Bhaktiprajnana Keshava Goswami Maharaj's Samadhi


Shrila Bhaktiprajnana Keshava Goswami Maharaj appeared on Krishna tritiya tithi on January 1,1898, within Shri Gaura Mandala, in the district Barisal in Bengal, in the village of Banari Para. He appeared in the famous dynasty of Guha of a very respectable Zamin-dar family. His father was a great devotee by the name Shri Sarat Chandra Guha. His chaste and devoted mother's name was Bhavan Mohini devi.As a baby he had a beautiful golden color that appeared to shine, and all the visiting mothers used to call him Jhola, which means effulgent. Later, because of this, he was called Janardana. He was the second son born in the family and his actual name was Shri Vinod Bihari. When he was only two years old, his father left his body and his mother, although broken-hearted, being in the family of such a great dynasty and being very intelligent and resourceful, gave her children proper shelter and protection in all respects.


Even as a young child he was intelligent, fearless, of excellent character, strong, compassionate and above all naturally very religious. His power to unite, his desire to do service for humanity and his love for Krishna were respected by everyone, young and old alike. When he was in the eighth grade, at the age of 12, he began looking after his family's property. At such a tender age a boy has no knowledge about legal matters, but Shri Vinod Bihari was so expert that he used to instruct his superiors about which course of action to take when problems arose. From his father's library he had read Bhagavad-gita, Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Shrimad-Bhagavatam and other transcendental literatures before he entered the university. In the university, he excelled in all his studies and his teachers would come every day between classes and listen raptly to discourses given by him on Shri Bhagavad-gita and Shrimad-Bhagavatam.


In the year 1915, he, along with his paternal aunt Saroj Vasini devi, met his beloved gurudeva, Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur. He accepted Hari Nama first initiation from him, and four years later, in 1919, on Gaura Purnima, he took Vaishnava diksa. Directly after accepting diksa, he became the managing editor of the Jnani Nadia in Krishnanagar, and his articles on devotional service were regularly published in this magazine.On March 21,1922, on the appearance day of Lord Gauranga, being very pleased by the selfless service rendered and the responsibilities executed by him, Shrila Saraswati Thakur gave him the title Kutira Ratna. In the year 1929, being extremely pleased with his lectures on Hari and his preaching of Krishna katha, Shrila Saraswati Thakur placed under his care all of his Vaishnava literatures.On the order of Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur, he exten­sively preached the message of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Jagannath Puri, Cuttack, Allahabad, Assam, Meghalaya, Mathura and many other places. On the request of the residents of Chinsurah, he estab­lished Shri Udharan Gaudiya Math. He restarted Shri Navadwip Dham Parikrama and the celebration festivals on Lord Chaitanya's appearance day. He, on a monthly basis, published Shri Gaudiya Patrika in Bengali, and Shri Bhagavat Patrika in Hindi. He established Shri Gaudiya Vedanta Catuspati. The whole Vaishnava community became impressed with his books Mayavader Jivani and Shri Vaishnava Vijoy.


Shrila Saraswati Thakur himself desired to give him sannyasa many times. But somehow or other, due to preaching commitments, this never manifested. After the disappearance of his beloved gurudeva, while feeling intense separation and deep lamentation, Shrila Prabhupada two times mercifully appeared in his dreams and ordered him to take sannyasa. Knowing that this was his gurudeva's true desire, in the year 1941, in the sannyasa place of Shri Mahaprabhu in Katwa, he accepted sannyasa from Shrila Bhakti Raksaka Shridhar Maharaj, a disciple of Shrila Saraswati Thakur. At that time, he was given the sannyasa name Shrila Bhaktiprajnana Keshava Goswami Maharaj.

On December 13,1954, he established Shri Keshavaji Gaudiya Math in Mathura, and in 1956, in the month of Kartik on Govardhan Puja, he established the Deities of Shri Shri Radha Vinod Bihari, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Govardhan Giriraj. He was a powerful acarya who had eternal and unshakable transcendental faith in his guru maharaj. He was an extraordinary writer and wonderful speaker. He was a great thinker and organizer, and he was extremely knowledgeable about law. Shrila Saraswati Thakur was a naisthika brahmacari from birth, and, following in the footsteps of his beloved gurudeva, Shrila Keshava Maharaj was also a naisthika brahmacari from birth. In his final will he specified that his irrevocable desire was that only a naisthika brahmacari who had accepted sannyasa be named as the acarya of the Shri Gaudiya Vedanta Samiti. As long as the Shri Gaudiya Vedanta Samiti exists, this will be enacted.