Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Navadvipa Krishna Chaitanya Holy Land > Bengal Holy Places > Devagram



Devagram, the birthplace of Shrila Visvanath Cakravarti Thakur, is in the district Murshidabad. Visvanath Cakravarti Thakur was born in the year 1576 Sakabda, and his father's name was Shri Rama Narayana Cakravarti. His basic education was completed in the village Devagram and then later in Saidabad. There he studied bhakti litera­tures. His diksa guru's name was Shri Radha Raman Cakravarti and his guru's name was Shri Krishna Carana Cakravarti, the father of Shri Radha Ramana.

Shrila Visvanath Cakravarti studied these exalted literatures from Shri Krishna Carana, the son of Rama Krishna Acarya of Saidabad and the adopted son of Ganga Narayan of Bahlucha. At that time Visva­nath Cakravarti also wrote three books known as Bindu, Carana and Kama. Although he was married, he had no attraction for house and wife. One day he just gave up his home and came to Vrindavan and started exclusively engaging himself in Krishna bhajan. His mother-in-law went to Shri Radha Ramana and complained that her daughter's samskar was not fulfilled. On the order of his guru, he returned from Vrindavan and stayed one night with his wife. During that night he sat up and filled her ears fully with the nectar of Krishna katha. In the morning, he left her with her samskar still not fulfilled and went quickly back to Vraja. Shri Visvanath Cakravarti Thakur in his time was considered as the maha-bhagavata acarya for the whole Gaudiya Vaishnava community. He was a great devotee, a great scholar, a knower of intimate rasas and confidential mellows, and the crest jewel of the Vaishnavas. Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur has com­mented that Shrila Visvanath Cakravarti Thakur was the protector, guardian and acarya during the middle period in the historical development of Gaudiya Vaisnavism.To show the path of devotion to the jivas of this unvierse, he is known as Visvanath (visva-vasis means residents of the universe, and natha means lord), and because he stays in the chakra or circle of devotees, he is known as Cakravarti. Thus his name is Visvanath Cakravarti.


In Vrindavan he sestablished the Deities of Shri Gokulananda, and he served those Deities on the request of Shri Gokulananda Himself within a dream. It has been seen that rain would never fall in the place where he sat while writing commentaries on Shrimad-Bhagavatam. It has also been said that clouds would position themselves in such a way that he would be shaded from the excessive heat of the sun wherever he sat down to write. He disappeared from this material world at Radha Kunda on the fifth day of the bright fortnight in the month of Magh. His samadhi is in the compound of the Gokulananda temple in Vrindavan.


Shrila Visvanath Cakravarti was a prolific writer of many Sanskrit books. His three most famous books are Ujjvala Nilamani Kirana, Bhakti Rasamnta Sindnu Bindhu, and Bhagavaiamrita-kana. Some other books written by him are Shri Krishna Bhavanamrita, Sankalpa Kalpa Druma, Gauranga Lilamrita, Camatkara Candrika, Prema Samputa, Vraja Riti Cintamani, Raga Vartma Candrika, Madhurya Kadambini, Gaura Gana Svarupa Tattva Chandrika, Rupa Cintamani and a beautiful collection of devotional songs composed by Gaudiya Vaishnava poets in Bengali and Sanskrit called Ksanada Gita Cintamani. He also wrote a commentary on the Shrimad-Bhagavatam called Sarartha Darsini and on Bhagavad-gita called Sarartha Varsini, as well as on the illustrious works of Shri Rupa Goswami, Shri Kavi Karnapura, Shri Narottama das Thakur and others. Hare Krishna!