|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Ekadashi Glories > Ekadashi Vrata|
Ekadashi Vrata according to
Hari Bhakti Vilasa/
suklye va yadi va krsne tad vratam vaishnavam mahat
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/5 from MATSYA PURANA and BHAVISYA PURANA)
who fasts on both Ekadashis on both the light and dark fortnights of the month
and eats on the next day (Dvadasi), Lord Shri Krishna becomes very pleased with
eka dasyam na bhunjita vratam etad dhih vaishnavam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/6 from AGNI PURANA)
eating is condemned on Ekadashi and fasting on that day is certainly very
pleasing to Lord Krishna.
brahmana ksatriya visam
sudranam caiva yositam
moksadam kurvatam bhaktya visnoh priyataram dvijah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/7 from BRHAN NARADIYA PURANA)
those of brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas and sudras, whoever one may be, who fast
on Ekadashi with full devotion, will certainly achieve liberation.
ekadasyam na bhunjita kadacid api manavah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/15 from VISNU SMRTI)
being should never eat on Ekadashi day.
ekadasyam na bhunjiya nari drste rajasyapi
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/16, Srngi Rsi speaks)
if a woman is going through menstruation, she should not eat on Ekadashi.
vaisnavo yadi bhunjita
visnu arcanam vrtha tasya narakam ghoram apnuyat
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/32 from GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)
due to bewilderment, a Vaishnava eats grains on Ekadashi day, then whatever
merit has attained by worshiping Lord Shri Vishnu becomes fruitless and he
falls into hell.
samadaya vidhanena dvadasi
tasya bhangam narah krtva rauravam narakam vrajet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/33 from VISNU RAHASYA)
after taking a vow to observe Dvadasi (Ekadashi), if one breaks it, he falls
into a grievous hell known as Raurava.
vidhava ya bhaven nari
bhunjita ekadashi dine
tasyas tu sukrtam nasyed bhruna hatya dine dine
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/34 from KATYAYANA SMRTI)
widow, who eats grains on the Ekadashi day, becomes bereft of all of her merits
and she suffers the sin of performing an abortion daily.
yatha sukla tatha krishna
yatha krishna tatetara
tulyete manute yastu sa vai vaishnava ucyate
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/54 from TATTVA SAGARA)
the Ekadashi from the light fortnight and the one from the dark fortnight are
equally powerful. All persons who think that both Ekadashis are equal are
addressed as Vaishnavas.
saner vare raver vare
sankrantyam grahane'pi ca
tyajya na ekadashi rajan sarva daiveti niscayah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/63, Devala Rsi speaks)
king, one should never give up fasting on Ekadashi, even if it falls on
Saturday, Sunday, on an eclipse day or on Sankranti day.
varnanam asramanan ca
strinam ca vara-varnini
ekadasy upavasastu kartavyo na atra samsayah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/74 from PADMA PURANA, UTTARA KHANDA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)
Oh dear wife, among all kinds of social and spiritual orders or even women, everyone should fast on Ekadashi day. Of this, there is no doubt.
Sanatana Gosvami remarks in his Digdarsini-tika commentary, "Everyone
should fast on such an auspicious day as Ekadashi. Everyone, among all social
and spiritual orders are said to be authorized to fast on this day. Even
grhasthas, previously as it is said, "brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas and
sudras, and even women should fast", and furthermore, "men and women
should fast". Sudras and even women have not been rejected to fast on
Ekadashi. Specifically, "even a widow" and "with his wife and
his son", either a married or unmarried woman are authorized to fast. As
Manu Maharaja says, "There is no authorization for a woman to separately
perform a fire sacrifice, any fasting". Lord Vishnu says, "If any
woman's husband is alive and she fasts without asking him, she reduces the
duration of life of her husband and attains hell herself." This means, a
woman has to take her husband's permission to perform auspicious functions.
Therefore, it is advised in the Sankhalikhita scripture, "A woman should
begin taking vows for spiritual functions and fasting by the order of her
husband." Therefore, a Vaishnava understands that a grhastha should fast
with his wife and children. A Vaishnava should automatically understand this
statement regarding women. As stated in Rukmangada, "He should fast with
his children, wife, and relatives together on the Ekadashi day."
asta varsadhiko martyo
apurna asiti vatsarah
ekadasyam upavaset paksayor ubhayor api
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/75 from KATYAYANA SMRTI)
the age of eight to the age of eighty, a person should fast on all of the
Ekadashis on both the light and the dark parts of the month.
vaisnavo vatha saivo va kuryad ekadashi vrtam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/78 from VISNU DHARMOTTARA)
one is a Vaishnava or a Saivite, everyone should fast on Ekadashi day.
eka bhuktena naktena bala
vrddha aturah ksipet
payo mula phalair vapi na nirdvad asiko bhavet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/91 from MARKANDEYA PURANA)
child, an old man or a person unable to fast can take something to eat in the
evening or once in the day, whether it be milk, fruit or water, but should
properly follow the Ekadashi fast. One should not give up fasting on Ekadashi.
pitta adhika saririnam
trinsad varsadhikanan ca nakta-adi prikalpanam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/93 from BAUDHAYANA SMRTI)
Any person who is diseased, or who is dominated by bile or who has aged more than thirty years (after householder life), they are advised to eat in the evening on the Ekadashi day.
Sanatana Gosvami remarks, "Aging more than thirty years means after
household life ends. This is understood to be around sixty years of age, so
thirty years added to that is ninety years." Furthermore, "One should
go to the forest at the ate of fifty". According to this statement, a
grhastha's life is said to be fifty years, that is he has decided to live in
his family life until the age of fifty. Even then, if one adds thirty years, if
becomes eighty years. Therefore, fasting is recommended until a minimum age of
asta etany avrtaghnani apo
mulam phalam payah
havir brahmana kamya ca guror vacanam ausadham
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/100 from MAHABHARATA, UDYOGA PARVA)
fruits, roots, milk, ghee, the request of a brahmana, the order of a spiritual
master and medicine do not wane one's fast.
mad utthane mat sayane mat
atra ko diksitah kascid vaisnavo bhakti tatparah
annam'va yadi bhunjita phala mulam athapi va
aparadham aham tasya na ksamami kadacana
ksipami narake ghore yavad ahuta samplavan
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/101,102 from KASYAPA PANCARATRA Supreme Lord speaks)
devotee who is properly initiated and doing devotional service, if he eats on
My awakening day, sleeping day, or turning side day, of Ekadashi days, whether
he eats grains, or fruits or roots, I never forgive him for his offense and
keep them in a ferocious hell until the end (annihilation) of this material
mat sayane mad utthane mat
phala-mula-jalahari hrdi salyam mama arpayet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/103)
one takes fruits, roots, or even water on My sleeping day, or My
turning-over-on-My-side day of Ekadashis, he pierces My heart with a sharp
duhkhinam sarva dehinam
ekadashim upavaso'yam nirmitam paramausadham
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/110 from TATTVA SAGARA)
Ekadashi day was created as the Supreme medicine to remove the disease of
material world of having a miserable material body and mind.
tavat papani dehe' smin
yavat na upavaset jantuh padmanabha dinam subham
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/114 from NARADA PURANA spoken by Vasistha Muni)
King, as long as one does not fast on Ekadashi, the day of Lord Hari, Who has a
lotus navel, until that long all of the sins remain in one's body.
na ganga na gaya bhupa na
kasi na ca puskaram
na ca api kauravam ksetram na reva nacavedika
yamuna candrabhaga ca tulya bhupa harer dinat
cintamini sama hy esa athavapi nidhih smrta
kalpa padapa preksa va sarva veda upamathava
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/119,120 from NARADA PURANA spoken by Vasistha Muni)
Ganga, Gaya, Kasi, Puskara, Kuruksetra, Reva, Vedika, Yamuna, and Candrabhaga,
none of them are equal to the day of Lord Hari, Ekadashi. Oh king, even if one
fasts on Ekadashi unknown to others, all of his sins are at once burnt and he
easily attains the spiritual world.
evam samasta sukha dharma
ekadashi vratam idam kali ketur uktah
sastresu saunaka jagat-patisu priyan ca
sraddha parah prakurute labhate na muktim
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/137 from BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURANA)
O Saunaka, Ekadashi which is the source of happiness, religiosity and good qualities, which is the topmost meritorious day, which is the most dear day to the Supreme Lord, the Lord of the universe, anybody who takes a vow to fast on this day becomes eligible to be completely liberated from this material world.
Sanatana Gosvami comments on the verse as follows: "The word Kali Ketu
means the topmost meritorious day. Ketu means 'that which is the source of all
kinds of happiness.' It is stated by all scriptures to fulfill all of one's desires."
na asvamedha sahasrais ca
tirtha koty avagahanaih
yat phalam prapyate vatsa dvadasi-vasare krte
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/164 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)
son (Narada), whatever merit one achieves by fasting on Dvadasi day, one cannot
achieve either by performing a horse sacrifice, or by going to millions of
places of pilgrimage to take bath.
na bhavet manasi pida
rogas catyanta duhkhadah
mahatmyam pathatah pumso dvadasi sambhavam kalau
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/170 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)
Kali-yuga, if somebody studies the glories of Dvadasi (Ekadashi) on Ekadashi
day, they do not suffer with mental problems and physical disease.
ekadashi vratad anyad yad
vratam kriyate naraih
tat phalam tad vijaniyad duhkhodhbhutam iva ankuram
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/178, spoken by Sanat Kumara)
person who does not fast on Ekadashi and observes other day's fasts, he suffers
the miseries of performing fasts, but does not attain sufficient results, or
they only achieve difficulties from fasting and nothing else.
ekatas ca agni hotradi
dvadasim ekatah prabhuh
tulaya taulayat tatra dvadasi ca visisyate
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/179 from SAURA-DHARMA)
Supreme Personality of Godhead once took a measuring scale and on one side put
sacrifices, austerities etc. and on the other side Dvadasi day and found that
Dvadasi is more meritorious.
ekadashi-vratam yas tu
bhaktiman kurute narah
sarva papa vinirmuktah sa visnor yat mandiram
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/192 from VAYU PURANA)
person who observes an Ekadashi fast with devotion becomes free from all
difficulties and sins and after becoming purified, attains the abode of Lord
yah karoti naro bhaktya
sayati visnu salokyam prapya visnoh svarupatam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/197 from SIVA PURANA)
person who fasts on Ekadashi with devotion, attains the same form as Vishnu,
goes to His abode and lives with Him.
ekadashi ca sampurna
viddheti dvividha smrta
viddha ca dvividha tatra tyajya viddha tu purvaja
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/199 from SIVA PURANA)
are two divisions of Ekadashis - the complete Ekadashi and the overlapping
Ekadashi. The overlapping Ekadashis are also divided into two - begin
overlapping and end overlapping. The beginning overlapping should always be
dvadasim athava punah
vimisram vapi kurvita na dasamya yutam kvacit
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/202 from SAURA DHARMOTTARA)
and Dvadasi are both qualified for fasting. Furthermore, one should fast when
Ekadashi is combined with Dvadasi, but one should never fast when Ekadashi is
combined with Dasami.
na uposya dasami-vidha
sadaiva ekadashi tithih
samuposya naro jahyat punyam varsa satodbhavam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/205 from NARADA PURANA)
should never fast on the days when Ekadashi is overlapped with Dasami. If one
does so, looses whatever merit he had accumulated for one hundred years.
purvam tvaya sabharyena
dasami sesa samyuta
krta ca ekadashi rajan tasya idam karanam matam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/211 from BRAHMA PURANA Maitreya speaks to Dhrtarastra in answer to his question as to why all of his 100 sons had been killed)
king, previously, you, along with your wife, had fasted on an Ekadashi which
was overlapped with Dasami day, therefore you are suffering the separation of
all of your sons.
dasamy ekadashim purvam
abhyarcitas tvaya devi tasyeda karmanah phalam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/214 from BRAHMA PURANA Valmiki Muni answered Mother Sita's questions of why she had been vanquished to the forest by Lord Rama)
you had observed an Ekadashi fast which was overlapped with Dasami and
worshiped Lord Shri Hari. This is the result which you are experiencing now.
dasami sesa samyuktam yah
ekadashi phalam tasya na syad dvadasa varsikam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/218 from KURMA PURANA, NARADA PURANA AND VISNU RAHASYA)
foolish persons who fast on Ekadashi which is mixed with Dasami, do not receive
any result for performing Ekadashi fast for the past twelve years.
yatha tyajyam ghatam bhavet
suravindu samyuktam tat sarvam madyatam vrjet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/223 from BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURANA)
as a cup of Ganges water which has been mixed with a drop of wine is fit for
giving up, in the same way an Ekadashi which has been minutely mixed with
Dasami is fit for giving up.
viddham ekadashim vipras
tyajanty etam manisinah
tasyam uposito yati daridryam duhkham eva ca
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/226 from GARUDA PURANA)
brahmanas, learned souls reject Ekadashis which are mixed with Dasami because
they know that if they fast on this day, they will only get poverty and misery.
dvaparante tu gandhari
kuru vansa vivardhini
karisyati ca senani mudha bhavad sikhi-dhvaja
tena putra satam tasya nasam isyaty asamsayam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/228 from SKANDA PURANA)
commander and chief of the demigods (Skanda) at the end of Dvapara-yuga,
Gandhari, who will increase the Kuru dynasty by producing one hundred sons, due
to bewilderment and madness will observe Ekadashi which will be mixed with
Dasami. Due to this, her hundred sons will be destroyed. Of this, there is no
dasamy ekadashi yatra
dvadasy ekadashi yatra tatra sannihito harih
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/230 from SKANDA PURANA)
demons reside in any Ekadashi which is overlapped with Dasami and whoever fasts
on this day achieves negative results. Lord Hari resides in any Ekadashi which
is overlapped with Dvadasi. If someone observes fasting on this day, he
receives complete results, which is proper.
ye samsanti dinam visnor
dasami vedha dusitam
jneyas te papa purusah sukramaya-vimohitah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/234 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Uma devi)
person who fasts on Ekadashi which is contaminated by Dasami or makes somebody
else fast, has been controlled and bewildered by Sukracarya, the spiritual
master of the demons. This should be understood properly.
dhana santana nasini
dhvansini sarva punyanam krishna bhakti pranasini
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/239 from SKANDA PURANA)
or Ekadashi, if it overlaps Dasami, it ruins offspring of one who fasts on
those days, ruins the merit of all time, takes away the devotional service to
the Lord and gives him a birth among the devils or ghosts.
dasami sesa samyuktam
nisiddham visnuna pura
tasmad bhagavatair bhupa sodhayitva harer dinam
upositavyam yatnena purva-sangati-varjitam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/244 from SKANDA PURANA Markandeya Rsi speaks to King Bhagiratha)
king, previously the Supreme Lord Vishnu prohibited one to fast when the
Ekadashi overlapped Dasami. Therefore, the devotees of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead should endeavor to reject the Ekadashi which overlaps Dasami and
observe a pure Ekadashi fast.
kurute vaisnavo bhutva sa
jnanato'jnanato vapi na sa visnu priyo bhavet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/246 from SKANDA PURANA)
Vaishnava who knowingly or unknowingly observes Ekadashi overlapped with Dasami
should certainly understand that Lord Shri Vishnu will not be happy with him.
tasmad ekadashi yukta
na kartavya prayatnena niskala dvadasi mata
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/248 from SKANDA PURANA)
O best among human being, it is not recommended to observe Ekadashi overlapped
with Dasami. Great sages have recommended and stated to you to observe only
pure Ekadashi fasts.
punyam susancitam yati
kalpa koti sata arjitam
sasalyam ye prakurvanti muktidam mama vasaram
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/253 from DVARAKA MAHATMYA spoken by the Supreme Lord)
person who fasts on the liberating day of Mine, but which is mixed with Dasami,
their collective merit for the past 100 cycles (one cycle equals 1000 yugas) is
saviddham vasaram yasmad
krtam mama pitamahaih
pretatvam tena sampraptam maha duhkha pradayakam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/256 from DVARAKA MAHATMYA Shri Candra Sharma prays to the Supreme Lord)
Oh Supreme Personality of Godhead, my forefathers had observed the day of Lord Hari fast some time on the Dasami day. This is why they have achieved the form of ghost which is very miserable condition.
Sanatana Gosvami remarks in his Digdarsini-tika: "Candra Sharma brahmana
was a devotee of Lord Siva and was against the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
Shri Krishna. Somehow, in a dream, he saw that his forefathers had achieved the
form of ghosts due to observing fasting on the overlapping day of Ekadashi and
Dasami. Then he was advised by a devotee of the Lord to go to Dvaraka near the
Supreme Personality of Godhead. He worshiped Him and prayed to Him to please
free his forefathers from their devilish condition. The Lord then freed them
because of his prayers."
sukrena mohita vipra
daityanam karanena tu
pusty artham dasami viddham kurvanti mama vasaram
vasaram dasami viddham daityanam pusti-vardhanam
madiyam nasti sandehah satyam satyam pitamaha
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/257,258 from PADMA PURANA the Supreme Lord speaks to Lord Brahma)
Supreme Personality of Godhead said, "O Brahma, the brahmana bewildered by
the illusion created by Sukracarya fasts on the Dasami mixed Ekadashi to
enhance the strength of demons. My day (Ekadashi) influenced by Dasami day
increases the strength of demons. I repeatedly and truthfully say this. Of this
there is no doubt."
yavad dasamya samyuktam
karisyanti dinam mama
tat punyam daitya jatinam surair dattam pitamaha
teha punyena sampusto hiranyaksah pitamaha
nirjitya vasavam sankhye hrtam rajyam divaukasam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/259,260 from PADMA PURANA conversation between the Supreme Lord and Lord Brahma)
Grandfather of the world, as long as somebody fasts on Ekadashi mixed with
Dasami, the demigods extend their merits to the demons. Therefore the demon
Hiranyaksa became strong due to that merit and defeated Indra in the battle and
usurped the kingdom of the demigods.
purna viddham upaste ko
nandam veda balad api
ko veda vacanat tata gosave gam nihanti vai?
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/268 from BHAVISYA PURANA and MARKANDEYA PURANA)
son, after knowing the instruction about fasting on Dasami, who is that person
who would like to fast on the Ekadashi which overlaps Dasami? Who would be
those persons, after hearing Vedic instructions, who would kill cows in the
name of worshiping cows?
supunya ekadashi suta yadi
kartur niraya pataya sasalya samuposita
salyam vedha iti proktam puranartha vicaksanaih
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/270 from KURMA PURANA and BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURANA Shrila Vyasadeva speaks to Suta Gosvami)
Suta Gosvami, if somebody strictly observes a pure Ekadashi which is not mixed
with Dasami, it is all auspicious. If Ekadashi is mixed with Dasami and is observed,
then the observer who is fasting will fall into the hellish planets. Therefore,
the learned people, the knowers of Vedic literatures have determined this
fasting to be improper.
dvayor vivadatoh srutva
paranantu trayodasyam esa sastra vinirnayah
dvadasi dasami yukta yata sastre pratisthita
na tat sastram aham manye yadi brahma svayam vadet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/277,278 from KURMA PURANA Shrila Vyasadeva speaks to Suta Gosvami)
there are two people arguing and due to that argument and unsteady opinions the
exact date of Ekadashi cannot be determined, then hearing this, one should fast
on Dvadasi day and break fast on Trayodasi. This is the scriptural instruction.
If any scripture recommends to observe Ekadashi mixed with Dasami, even if Lord
Brahma is the writer of that scripture, I (Vyasadeva) do not accept it.
ksaye vapy athava vrddhau
samprapte va dinatraye
uposya dvadasi suddha trayo dasyantu paranam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/286 from NARADA PURANA)
there is a reduced day in the fortnight or increase of a day, or if there are
three days combined, then one should fast on a pure Dvadasi day and break the
fast on Trayodasi.
urdhvam haridinam na syat
dvadasim grahayet tatah
dvadasim upavaso'tra trayo dasyantu paranam
evam kurvan naro bhaktya visnu sayujyam apnuyat
anyatha kurute yastu sa yati narakam dhruvam
ekadashi rsinam tu dvadasi cakrapaninah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/293-295 from SKANDA PURANA)
Ekadashi appears to be Dasami, it is not called the day of Lord Hari, therefore
Dvadasi is to be accepted for fasting and one should then break fast on
Trayodasi. If one follows this process with devotion, then he goes to live in
the Lord's abode after liberation. If one does otherwise, he falls into the
hellish planets because Ekadashi is the day of the sages and purified Ekadashi
with Dvadasi is the day of Lord Hari.
udayat prak yada vipra
muhurta dvaya samyuta
sampurna ekadashi nama tatraiva upasaved grhi
BHAKTI VILASA- 12/316 from GARUDA PURANA, BHAVISYA PURANA and SIVA
brahmana, ninety-six minutes before sunrise, if there is an Ekadashi available,
it is called a complete and pure Ekadashi. On this Ekadashi, even every
householder should fast.
ata eva parityajya samaye
dasami ekadashi viddha vaisnave na visesatah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/318 from BHAVISYA PURANA)
Therefore one should give up Ekadashi which is combined with Dasami, even if it is available before sunrise. Specifically, Vaishnavas should always reject Ekadashis which overlap Dasamis.
Sanatana Gosvami remarks in his Digdarsini-tika that if Ekadashi is mixed with
the previous day (Dasami), even ninety-six minutes before sunrise, it is said
to be an unwanted Ekadashi. It does not matter what moment before sunrise
Ekadashi is overlapping Dasami, it should always be given up, especially by
Vaishnavas. The duty of a Vaishnava is to reject the mixed Ekadashi of the
previous day. Such a statement as this from the Bhavisya Purana is meant specifically
for Vaishnavas. It may be found somewhere else that Saivites and others can
observe an Ekadashi mixed with the previous day.
atra uposya dvadasi syat trayodasyantu paranam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/319, Kanva Rsi speaks)
before sunrise, Dasami is mixed with Ekadashi, one should fast on Dvadasi and
break fast on Trayodasi.
vyapiny ekadashi yada
samyukta ekadashi nama varjayed dharma vrddhaye
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/322 from GARUDA PURANA)
if Ekadashi is available forty-eight minutes before sunrise, still it is said
to be mixed with the previous day. People who are interested to increase their
merits should give up fasting on such Ekadashis.
dasami sesa samyukto yadi
vaisnavena na kartavyam tad dinaikadasi vrtam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/336 from BHAVISYA PURANA)
the time of sunrise, if Dasami (Ekadashi?) is available, a Vaishnava should not
fast on that Ekadashi.
ardha ratram atikramya
dasami yadi drsyate
tada hy ekadashim tyaktva dvadasim samuposayet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/354 from KURMA PURANA)
Dasami day passes over midnight, then one should give up fasting on that
Ekadashi, but fast on Dvadasi day.
sampurna ekadashi yatra
prabhate punar evasa
vaisnavi ca trayodasyam ghatikai kapi drsyate
grhastho'pi param kuryat purva na upavaset tada
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/360 from GARUDA PURANA)
there is a complete Ekadashi available which begins from dawn and carries on
until the next day which, due to extension, continues until sunrise on the next
day, it is better to perform Ekadashi on the next day, and this is the duty of
both the grhastha and the sannyasi to not follow the previous day Ekadashi.
sarvatra ekadashi tithih
dvadasi ca trayodasyam vidyate yadi vana va
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/362 from PADMA PURANA)
does not matter if Ekadashi is touching the Trayodasi or not, but Ekadashi
mixed with Dvadasi should be observed among all other fasts.
ekadashi kalayatra parato
dvadasi na cet
tatra krtu satam punyam trayodasyamtu paranam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/365 from SKANDA PURANA)
if for a moment Ekadashi is available on Dvadasi day and Dvadasi is not
touching the Trayodasi day, one should fast on Dvadasi and break fast on
Trayodasi. This fasting brings the results of performing one hundred
ekadashi kala yukta uposya
trayodasyantu yo bhunkte tasya visnuh prasidati
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/371 from BAUDHAYANA SMRTI)
beings are desired to observe Dvadasi fasts which is mixed with Ekadashi and
break fast on Trayodasi. If they do so, Lord Shri Vishnu becomes pleased with
ekadashi bhavet purna
parato dvadasi yada
tada hy ekadashim tyaktva dvadasyam samu posayet
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/372 from SKANDA PURANA)
Ekadashi is complete which began from dawn and also Dvadasi is complete which
mixes with Trayodasi even for a few moments, then one should not fast on Ekadashi,
but should fast on Dvadasi day.
ekadashi tu sampurna
parato dvadasi bhavet
uposya dvadasi tatra tithi vrddhih prasasyate
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/373 from KALIKA PURANA)
if Ekadashi is a complete day and Dvadasi being extended, then one should fast
on Dvadasi. This is called extended fasting.
sampurna ekadashi tyajya
parato dvadasi yadi
uposya dvadasi suddha dvadasyam eva paranam
na garbhe visate jantur ity aha bhagavan harih
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/376 from BHAGAVATADI TANTRA)
Supreme Personality of Godhead says, "If Dvadasi combines even for a
moment with Trayodasi, one should give up a complete day of Ekadashi fast and
fast on Dvadasi. If someone does fast like this, he does not need to take
another birth in the material world."
ekadashi dvadasi ca
tribhir misra tithih prokta sarva papa hara smrta
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/378 from KURMA PURANA)
Ekadashi and Dvadasi fall in one day, and at night Trayodasi is combined, in
other words, there are three days combined in day and night, it is called
Trisprsa. This tithi or day is said to be removing sins.
trisprsa ekadashi yatra
tatra sannihito harih
tam eva upavaset kami akamo visnu tatparah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/380 from KURMA PURANA)
Where there is Trisprsa Ekadashi, there Lord Hari Himself resides. Both the devotees who are full of desires and those who are desireless should fast on this Trisprsa Mahadvadasi.
Sanatana Gosvami has given his Digdarsini commentary saying, "It is said
that when Ekadashi, Dvadasi and the end of the night (Trayodasi) are combined,
one should perform fast with his sons, grandsons and all of his family members.
This is because whether one is full of desires, desiring wealth, sons or many
other things or he is a desireless Vaishnava who is interested to please the
Supreme Lord (one who is not desiring liberation, but is interested to please
the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, is called a Vaishnava), all of them should observe
this Trisprsa Ekadashi fast. By doing so, one becomes free from the sin of
killing a brahmana, etc. He becomes free from all kinds of miseries acquired
from different births and attains the merit of performing sacrifices too. This
fasting is the source of auspiciousness and increases one's merit. Therefore
one should accept it."
pura ca ekadashi svalpa
ante caiva trayodasi
sampurna dvadasi madhye trisprsa sa hari priya
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/387 from DVARAKA MAHATMYA)
the beginning there is a tinge of Ekadashi, in the middle there is a complete
Dvadasi day and at last, there is a minute mixture of Trayodasi, that is called
Trisprsa Ekadashi, which is very dear to Lord Hari.
suddhaiva dvadasi rajan
uposya moksa kanksibhih
paranas tu trayodasyam pujayitva janardanam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/407 from VISNU RAHASYA spoken by Shrila Vyasadeva)
Oh King, those people who are desirous for liberation from this material world observe a purified Dvadasi fast and break it in Trayodasi after properly worshiping Lord Janardana.
Sanatana Gosvami gives his commentary in his Digdarsini-tika, stating that
attaining liberation means to become free from birth, death, etc. which is the
bondage in the material world. In other words, anyone who liberates others from
the maximum misery is called "liberation", or Lord Shri Vishnu. A
real devotee of the Lord is interested in attaining love of Godhead. That is
his liberation and it is his ultimate desire. It has been accepted here that if
the day of Vaishnava (Dvadasi) is not available, then one can worship Lord Shri
Janardana on Trayodasi and break one's fast. It is specifically recommended
that even on Trayodasi, after worshiping the Supreme Lord Shri Janardana, one
can break his fast. This is undoubtedly an authorized statement.
ittham sastra vicarena
ekadashi vyavastheyam krta vaishnava sammata
vidvanso'pi atra mudhah syur vina krishna prasadatah
atah sadasau nirddharya prastva bhagavata uttaman
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/410,411 from VISNU RAHASYA)
In this way, after studying the rules in the scriptures and following the statements of realized souls, Ekadashi, which is pleasing to the Vaishnavas, is established. Unless one has the direct mercy of the Lord, even if he is very learned, it is very difficult to determine the correct days for Ekadashi. Therefore, to perform the Ekadashi fast properly, one should always reach the topmost Vaishnava devotee of the Lord and ask for the exact date.
Sanatana Gosvami explains in his Digdarsini-tika that the ways for the
Vaishnavas and the non-Vaishnavas to determine the exact dates of Ekadashi have
been explained here. One should consider the statements of the scriptures and
also should discuss this with learned personalities as well. One should not
just rely on the scriptures, but it is important to also consult the learned
souls as well. According to Vaishnava, following Vaishnava Ekadashi is
important, not an Ekadashi which has been pierced with the previous day
(Dasami). Even on Ekadashi, if Dvadasi is available, if it is mixed with
Dasami, one should completely give it up. Trisprsa Ekadashi, which is free from
Dasami, falling in Caturmasya during one of the dark fortnights is said to be
observable. In essence, a Vaishnava should always be consulted so as to know
what to do. Due to the illusory influence of Sukracarya, even the learned
scholars, who are expert in Vedic literature, become bewildered and are unable
to determine the exact day for fasting on Ekadashi. Therefore, one should be a
devotee who is depending on the mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
That is the exact way to determine the exact Ekadashi fasting day.
dvadasya nirnaye bhupa
mudham atra jagattrayam
atra mudha mahipala prayaso ye narah pura
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 12/412 from VISNU RAHASYA conversation between Markandeya Rsi and King Indradyumna)
King, the three worlds have been become bewildered on the subject of
establishing the correct day of fasting on Dvadasi. What to speak of the
present day, even in ancient times great persons were almost bewildered in
perfectly determining the correct days for fasting.
varam sva-matra gamanam
varam gomansa bhaksanam
varam hatya surapanam na ekadasyantu bhojanam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/8 from NARADA PURANA)
than enjoying conception with one's own mother, eating beef, murdering, or
drinking liquor is eating on Ekadashi day. Therefore one should not eat on the
dasamyam eka bhaktantu
acamya danta kasthantu khadayet tadanantaram
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/18 from SMRTI ANTARA)
Dasami day, a person should eat only once with controlled senses. After that,
he should wash his hands and mouth and brush his teeth properly.
bhujyate niyamena yat
eka bhaktam iti proktam kartavyam tat prayatnatah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/21 from BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURANA)
person who is regulated will eat only once a day when half of the day has
passed (in the afternoon), and he should eat in a religious mood for
matir na jayate yasya
dvadasyam jagaram prati
na hi tasya adhikaro'sti pujane kesavasya hi
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/86 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Uma)
who does not remain awake overnight on a Dvadasi fasting day is not qualified
to worship Lord Shri Hari.
hrdaye vartate yasya sada
matir utpadyate tasya dvadasi jagaropari
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/87 from SKANDA PURANA Lord Brahma speaks to Narada Muni)
Supreme Lord Hari, if He is in anybody's heart, He will surely give him the
intelligence to remain awake overnight on the Dvadasi fast day.
shrimad bhagavatam bhaktya
pathate visnu sannidhau
jagare tat padam yati kula vrnda samanvitam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/131 from SKANDA PURANA and PRAHLADA SAMHITA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada)
anybody studies Shrimad Bhagavatam with full devotion before the Deity of Lord
Shri Hari, he will surely go to the spiritual abode with all of his ancestors.
dasta kali bhujangena
svapanti madhuha dine
kurvanti jagaram naiva maya pasa vimohitah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/171 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)
person, who on the day of Lord Hari does not remain awake overnight and instead
sleeps, one should understand that he has been caught with a one hundred-fold
network of illusion and has been bitten by the snake of Kali-yuga.
yat kincit kriyate papam
koti janmani manavaih
krishnasya jagare sarvam ratrau dahati parvati
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/182 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)
Parvati, on the day of Lord Shri Hari, if somebody remains awake, all of the
sins accumulated for the previous millions of births are destroyed at once.
yah punah sustha citto'pi
sva sthane vasate'pi san
na harer jagaram kuryat tena karya na me kvacit
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/190 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)
what more can I say. A healthy person, while living in his own house still does
not remain awake on the day of Lord Hari at night, even though he is a devotee
of the Lord, even I do not have any connection with him.
brahmanah ksatriya vaisyah
striyah sudras ca jagare
praptas te parama sthanam shri visnor jagare krte
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/198 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)
one is a brahmana, ksatriya, vaisya, woman or sudra, fallen person, unwanted
progeny, demons, evil spirit or devil, any of them who had previously observed
an Ekadashi fast and remained awake overnight for the pleasure of Lord Hari,
attained the spiritual abode of Lord Vishnu.
tatra brahma ca rudras ca
nityam eva samayanti jagare krishna vallabhe
rsayo naradadyas tu vyasadya munayas tatha
ahas ca tatra gacchami krishna puja ratah sada
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/219,220 from PRAHLADA SAMHITA)
says, "Wherever there is a person remaining awake overnight on Ekadashi,
which is very dear to Lord Krishna, all the demigods, including Brahma, Indra
and Siva, are all available there. And where there is such a wake going on, all
of the great sages, headed by Narada Muni and Vyasadeva, are available there
and I (Prahlada Maharaja) who am always engaged in worshiping Lord Shri Hari,
am also available there."
ganga sarasvati reva
yamuna vai satadruka
candrabhaga vitasta ca nadyah sarvastu tatra vai
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/223 from PRAHLADA SAMHITA)
Maharaja says, "There only, the Ganges, Sarasvati, Reva, Yamuna Satadruka,
Candrabhaga, Vitasta and other religious rivers are available there as
pratah snatva harim pujya
paranantu tatah kuryad vrata siddhau hari smaran
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/230 from KATYAYANA SAMHITA)
taking bath early in the morning and worshiping the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, Lord Shri Hari, one should offer his fasting to Him and then to
achieve merit from such fasting, one should remember Lord Shri Hari while
breaking the fast.
nitya krtyam samapya atha
saktya vipransca bhojayet
kurvita dvadasi madhye tulasim prasya paranam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/236 from TRAILOKYA MOHANA PANCARATRA)
after performing daily service to the Supreme Lord, according to one's
capacity, one should give eating ingredients to brahmanas in charity and then
take a Tulasi leaf in his mouth and break one's fast.
krtva caiva upavasamtu
yo'snati dvadasi dine
naivedyam tulasi misram papa koti vinasanam
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/237 from SKANDA PURANA)
fasting properly on Ekadashi, one should eat mahaprasada the next day (Dvadasi)
and at that time millions of his sins are burnt.
maha hanikari hy esa dvadasi
karoti dharma haranam asnateva sarasvati
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/238 from PADMA PURANA)
As when one goes across the Sarasvati River without taking bath, he looses his merit, similarly, when one continues fasting on Dvadasi day, he suffers a great amount of meritorious loss. (One who does not break fast at the proper time looses a great amount of merit.)
Sanatana Gosvami states that, "'Without taking bath in the
Sarasvati'" (only) means that if you cross to the other side of the
Sarasvati to take bath, all of his religious merits will be stolen from
dvadasyam paranam smrtam
trayodasyam na tat kuryad dvadasa dvadasi-ksayat
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/241 from KURMA PURANA)
One should fast on the Ekadashi day and break his fast on Dvadasi day. It is not recommended to break one's fast on Trayodasi day. One who breaks his fast on Trayodasi day (one who does not break his fast at the proper moment), looses the merit which had gained by fasting on twelve Dvadasis.
Sanatana Gosvami says in his Digdarsini-tika (commentary) that, "'Passing
over' means, not breaking his fast at the proper time."
dvadasyah prathamah pado
tam atikramya kurvitta daranam visnu tatparah
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/258 from VISNU DHARMOTTARA)
first fourth portion of the Dvadasi day is called "the day of Lord
Hari". A person who is a devotee of Lord Vishnu should pass over this
portion to break his fast.
dvadasi ekadashi yoge
viksato hari va sarah
ekadasyantya padasca dvadasyah purva eva hi
harivasara ity ahur bhojanam na samacaret
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/259)
Ekadashi is connected to Dvadasi it is called the day of Lord Hari. Learned
souls say that when the fourth part of the day of Ekadashi is combined with the
first part of the day of Dvadasi, it is named as the day of Lord Hari.
Therefore it is rejected to eat during this period.
yatha rajasvala sangam
anyayam varjitam sada
tatha dasami samyuktam mad dinam vaishnavair naraih
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/440 from PADMA PURANA the Supreme Lord speaks)
has always been forbidden to have conception with a lady passing through
menstruation. Similarly, on My own day (Ekadashi) one should never observe fast
when it is mixed with the Dasami day.
jagare padmana bhasya
puranam pathate tu yah
janma koti sukrtam papam dahate tularasi vat
(HARI BHAKTI VILASA- 13/530 from SKANDA PURANA)
While remaining awake for the lotus-naveled Lord Shri Hari, one who studies Puranas (meritorious histories), then whatever sins one has acquired for millions of births, burn up just like a piece of cotton quickly burns to ashes in the fire.