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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Ekadashi Glories > Ekadashi Main Pastime

Shrila Prabhupada on Ekadashi

 

 Prabhupada's Lectures     Shrimad-Bhagavatam 1969            

So, paravare brahmani dharmato vrataih. So one should execute Krishna consciousness, dharmatah, in right path, and vrataih. Bhajante mam drdha-vratah. Just like today, ekadashi-vrata. Vrataih. This ekadashi-vrata is required. Just see. Here it is that "You have performed all the vratas." The purpose of ekadashi-vrata is that today we should not eat much usual food, grains. The actual prescription is fasting. Nirjala-ekadashi. Nirjala means there are many devotees who does not take even water. Water, drinking water, according to sastra, it is taking food... It is drinking of food or no food. We can take both ways. So sometimes drinking of water is excused as upavasa also. But there are many devotees who even..., drink even a drop of water. Whole day and night they fast and observe ekadashi-vrata. And the night is called harivasara. Harivasara means the whole night they would chant Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama... This is called vrata. Drdha-vrata. Drdha-vrata.

 

Drdha means very firm, steady. Krishna is so kind that He has given us so many concession. But we should be... Because there are some concession, better we should not take advantage of the concession, but we should be very steady and strong in our conviction and perform devotional service strictly. That is nice.

 

Shrimad-Bhagavatam Canto 9: Chapter Four, Text 29             

                                PURPORT

 

     To observe Ekadashi-vrata and Dvadasi-vrata means to please the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Those interested in advancing in Krishna consciousness must observe Ekadashi-vrata regularly. 

 

This is called tapasya. Just like Ekadashi… day—there is no eating sumptuously. Simply you take little fruits and flowers. Try to avoid that also. You don’t take even water. That is really ekadashi…. But because we cannot do it—in the Kali-yuga the time is different—therefore we are allowed to take little fruit and milk, which is called anukalpa. 

 

(Pandal Lecture, Bombay, April 7, 1971)

 

The Story of Ekadashi

 

(This article was originally written in 1956 by Shri Navincandra Cakravarti, a disciple of Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura and in 1979 translated into English by Vyenkata dasa brahmacari.)

Many devotees are very inquisitive about the appearance of Shri Ekadashi and about her special characteristics. Therefore I am presenting this description from the fourteenth chapter of the Padma Purana, from the section entitled "Kriya-sagara-sara."

 Once the great sage Jaimini Rsi said to his spiritual master Shrila Vyasadeva, "Oh Gurudeva! Previously, by your mercy, you described to me thehistory of the glories of the Ganga river, the benefits of worshipping Vishnu, the giving of grains in charity, the giving of water in charity, and the magnanimity of drinking the water that has washed the feet of the brahmanas. O best of the sages, Shri Gurudeva, now, with great enthusiasm, I desire to hear the benefits of fasting on Ekadashi and the appearance of Ekadashi.

 

   kasmad ekadashi jata tasyah ko va vidhir dvija

    kada va kriyate kim va phalam kim va vadasva me

   ka va pujyatama tatra devata sad-gunarnava

     akurvatah syat ko dosa etan me vaktum arhasi

 

"Oh Gurudeva! When did Ekadashi take birth and from whom did she appear? What are the rules of fasting on the Ekadashi? Please describe the benefits of following this vow and when it should be followed. Who is the utmost worshippable presiding deity of Shri Ekadashi? What are the faults in not following Ekadashi properly? Please bestow your mercyupon me and tell about these subjects, as you are the only personality able to do so."

 Shrila Vyasadeva, upon hearing this enquiry of Jaimini Rsi, became situated in transcendental bliss. "Oh brahmana sage Jaimini! The results of following Ekadashi can only be perfectly described by the Supreme Lord, Narayana, because Shri Narayana is the only personality capable of describing them in full. But I will give a very brief description in answer to your question."

 "At the beginning of the material creation, the Supreme Lord created the moving and nonmoving living entities within this world made of five gross material elements. Simultaneously, for the purpose of punishing the humans beings, He created a personality whose form was the embodiment of sin (Papapurusha). The different limbs of this personality were constructed of the various sinful activities. His head head was made of the sin of murdering a brahmana, his two eyes were the form of the sin of drinking intoxicants, his mouth was made of the sin of stealing gold, his ears were the form of the sin of having illicit connection with the spiritual master's wife, his nose of the sin of killing one's wife, his arms the form of the sin of killing a cow, his neck made of the sin of stealing accumulated wealth, his chest of the sin of abortion, his lower chest of the sin of having sex with another's wife, his stomach of the sin of killing one's relatives, his navel of the sin of killing those who are dependent on him, his waist of the sin of self appraisal, his thighs of the sin of offending the guru, his genital of the sin of selling one's daughter, his buttocks of the sin of telling confidential matters, his feet of the sin of killing one's father, and his hair the form of lesser, less severe sinful activities. In this way, a horrible personality embodying all the sinful activities and vices was created. His bodily colour is black, and his eyes are yellow. He inflicts extreme misery upon sinful persons."

 "The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vishnu, upon seeing this personality of sin, began to think to Himself as follows: 'I am the creator of the miseries and happiness for the living entities. I am their master because I have created this personality of sin, who gives distress to all dishonest, deceitful, and sinful persons. Now I must create someone who will control this personality.' At this time Shri Bhagavan created the personality known as Yamaraj and the different hellishj planetary systems. Those living entities who are very sinful will be sent after death to Yamaraj, who will in turn, according to their sins, send them tom a hellish region to suffer.

 "After these adjustments had been made, the Supreme Lord, who is the giver of distress and happiness to the living entities, went to the house of Yamaraj, with the help of Garuda, theking of birds. When  Yamaraj saw that Lord Vishnu had arrived, he immediately washed His feet and made an offering unto Him. He then had Him sit upon a golden throne. The Supreme Lord, Vishnu, became seated on the throne, whereupon He heard very loud crying sounds coming from the southern direction. He became surprised by this and thus enquired from Yamaraj, 'From where is this loud crying coming?'

 "Yamaraj in reply said, 'Oh Deva! The different living entities of the earthly planetary systems have fallen into the hellish regions. They are suffering extremely for their misdeeds. The horrible crying is because of suffering from the inflictions of their past bad karma (actions).'

 "After hearing this the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, went to the hellish region to the south. When the inhabitants saw who had come they began to cry even louder. The heart of the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, became filled with compassion. Lord Vishnu thought to Himself, 'I have created all this progeny, and it is because of Me thatthey are suffering.'"

 Shrila Vyasadeva continued: "Oh Jaimini, just listen to what the Supreme Lord did next.

    etac canyac ca viprarse

      vicintya karunamayah

    babhuva sahasa tatra

       svayam ekadashi tithih

'After the merciful Supreme Lord thought over what He had previously considered, He suddenly manifested from His own form the deity of the lunar day Ekadashi.' Afterwards the different sinful living entities began to follow the vow of Ekadashi and were then elevated quickly to the abode of Vaikuntha. Oh my child Jaimini, therefore the lunar day of Ekadashi is the selfsame form of the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, and the Supersoul within the heart of the living entities. Shri Ekadashi is the utmost pios activity and is situated as the haed among all vows.

 "Following the ascension of Shri Ekadashi, that personality who is the form of the sinful activity gradually saw the influence she had. He approached Lord Vishnu with doubts in his heart and began offering many prayers, whereupon Lord Vishnu became very pleased and said, ' I have become very pleased by your nice offerings. What boon is it that you want?'

 "The Papapurusha replied, 'I am  your created progeny, and it is through me that you wanted distress given to the living entities who are very sinful. But now, by the influence of Shri Ekadashi, I have become all but destroyed. Oh Prabhu! After I die all of Your parts andparcels who have accepted material bodies will become liberated and therefore return to the abode of Vaikuntha. If this liberation of all living entities takes place, then who will carry on Your activities? There will be no one to enact the pastimes in the earthly planetary systems! Oh Keshava! If You want these eternal pastimes to carry on, then You please save me from the fear of Ekadashi. No type of pious activity can bind me. But Ekadashi only, being Yourown manifested form, can impede me. Out of fear of Shri Ekadashi I have fled and taken shelter of men; animals; insects; hills; trees; moving and nonmoving living entities; rivers; oceans; forests; heavenly, earthly, and hellish planetary systems; demigods; and the Gandarvas. I cannot find a place where I can be free from fear of Shri Ekadashi. Oh my Master! I am a product of Your creation, so therefore very mercifully direct me to a place where I can reside fearlessly.'"

 Shrila Vyasadeva then said to Jaimini, "After saying this, the embodiment of all sinful activities (Papapurusha) fell down  at the feet of the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, who is the destroyer of all miseries and began to cry.

 "After this, Lord Vishnu, observing the condition of the Papapurusha with laughter, began to speak thus: 'Oh Papapurusha! Rise up! Don't lament any longer. Just listen, and I'll tell you where you can stay on the auspicious lunar day of Ekadashi. On the day of Ekadashi, which is the benefactor of the three worlds, you can take shelter of foodstuff in the form of grains. There is no reason to worry about this any more, because My form as Shri Ekadashi Devi will no longer impede you.' After giving direction to the Papapurusha, the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, disappeared and the Papapurusha returned to the performance of his own activities.

 "Therefore those persons who are serious about the ultimate benefit for the soul will never eat grains on the Ekadashi tithi. According to the instructions of Lord Vishnu, every kind of sinful activity that can be found in the material world takes its residence in this place of foodstuff (grain). Whoever follows Ekadashi is freed from all sins and never enters into hellish regions. If one doesn't follow Ekadashi because of illusion, he is still considered the utmost sinner. For every mouthful of grain that is eaten by a resident of the earthly region, one receives the effect of kiling millions of brahmanas. It is definately necessary that one give up eating grains on Ekadashi. I very strongly say again and again, 'On Ekadashi, don't eat grains, don't eat grains, don't eat grains!' Whether one be a ksatriya, vaisya, shudra, or of any family, he should follow the lunar day of Ekadashi. From this the perfection of varna and ashram will be attained. Especially since even if one by trickery follows Ekadashi, all of his sin become destroyed and he very easily attains the supreme goal, the abode of Vaikuntha."

 

Who is Ekadashi?

 

In the Satya-yuga there once lived an amazing fearsome demon called Mura. Always very angry, he terrified all the demigods, defeating even Indra, the king of heaven; Vivasvan, the sun-god; the eight Vasus; Lord Brahma; Vayu, the wind-god; and Agni, the fire-god. With his terrible power he brought them all under his control.

 

Then the demigods approached Lord Vishnu, and prayed to Him for help.

 

Hearing the prayers and request from Indra, Lord Vishnu became very angry and said: "O powerful demigods, all together you may now advance on Mura's capital city of Candravati." Encouraged thus, the assembled demigods proceeded to Candravati with Lord Hari leading the way.

 

Then there was a big fight between the soldiers of Mura and the demigods. Many hundreds of demons were killed by the Lord's hand. At last the chief demon, Mura, began fighting with the Lord, first with weapons, then with bare hands. The Lord wrested with Mura for one thousand celestial years and then, apparently fatigued, left for Badarika-asrama. There He entered a very beautiful cave, named Himavati, to rest. The demon followed Him into the cave, and, seeing Him asleep, started thinking within his heart: "Today I will kill this slayer of all demons, Hari."

 

While the wicked demon Mura was making plans in this way, from Lord Vishnu's body there manifested a young girl who had a very bright complexion. Mura saw that she was equipped with various brilliant weapons and was ready to fight. Challenged by that female to do battle, Mura prepared himself and then fought with her, but he became very astonished when he saw that she fought with him without cessation. The king of demons then said: "Who has created this angry, fearsome girl who is fighting me so powerfully, just like a thunderbolt falling upon me?" After saying this, the demon continued to fight with the girl.

 

Suddenly that effulgent goddess shattered all of Mura's weapons and in a moment deprived him of his chariot. He ran toward her to attack her with his bare hands, but when she saw him coming she angrily cut off his head. Thus the demon at once fell to the ground and went to the abode of Yamaraja.

 

Then the Supreme Lord woke up and saw the dead demon before Him, as well as the maiden bowing down to Him with joined palms.

 

The Lord, being pleased with the girl, offered to give her a boon.

 

The maiden said: "O Lord, if You are pleased with me and wish to give me a boon, then give me the power to deliver from the greatest sins that person who fasts on this day. I wish that half the pious credit obtained by one who fasts will acrue to one who eats only in the evening [abstaining from grains and beans], and that half of *this* pious credit will be earned by one who eats only at midday. Also, one who strictly observes a complete fast on my appearance day, with controlled senses, goes to the abode of Lord Vishnu for one billion kalpas after he has enjoyed all kinds of pleasures in this world. This is the boon I desire to attain by Your mercy, my Lord. O Lord, whether a person observes complete fasting, eats only in the evening, or eats only at midday, please grant him a religious attitude, wealth, and at last liberation."

 

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: "O most pious lady, what you have requested is granted. All My devotees in this world will surely fast on your day, and thus they will become famous throughout the three worlds and finally come and stay with Me in My abode. Because you, My transcendental potency, have appeared on the eleventh day of the waning moon, let your name be Ekadashi. If a person fasts on Ekadashi, I will burn up all his sins and bestow upon him My transcendental abode."

 

(based on "Ekadashi", from Krishna-Balaram Swami)

EKADASHI VRATA

 

 On Dasami day, a person should eat only once with controlled senses. After that, he should wash his hands and mouth and brush his teeth properly.

 

A person who is regulated will eat only once a day when half of the day has passed (in the afternoon), and he should eat in a religious mood for purification.

 

Ekadashi Morning Meditation on the Lord:

       Lotus Feet: Om Damodaraya Namah

       Thighs: Om Madhavaya Namah

       Private Parts: Om Kamapataye Namah

       Hips: Om Vamanaya Namah

       Navel: Om Padmanabhaya Namah

       Stomach: Om Vishvamutaye Namah

       Heart: Om Jnanagamyaya Namah

       Throat: Om Shrikanthaya Namah

       Arms: Om Sahasrabahave Namah

       Lotus Eyes: Om Paramayogine Namah

       Forehead: Om Urugayai Namah

       Nose: Om Narakeshvaraya Namah

       Hair: Om Sarvakamadaya Namah

       Head: Om Sahasrashirshaya Namah

 

          Midday: Bathe in river, lake or pond.  Chant, while smearing mud upon body: "O Asvakrante!  O Rathakranthe!  O Vishnukranthe!  O Mrttike!  O Mother Earth!  Kindly remove all the sins I have accumulated throughout many past lives so that I may enter the sacred abode of the Supreme Lord."

 

          Light fortnight Ekadashi: meditate upon the 12 holy names

          of Lord Vishnu while applying tilaka.

 

Dark fortnight: meditate upon 16 holy names:

om vasudevaya namah, om keshavaya namah, om narayanah namah, om madhavaya namah, om sankarshanaya namah, om govindaya namah, om vaishnave namah, om madhusudanaya namah, om pradyumnaya namah, om trivikramaya namah, om vamanaya namah, om shridharaya namah, om aniruddhaya namah, om hrishikeshaya namah, om padmanabhaya namah, om damodarayah namah.

 

          One should read about the particular Ekadashi

 

       Do not sleep in day, take massage, engage in sex life,

          take intoxication, touch impure people, shave.

 

Thereafter on Dvadashi morning, after performing daily service to the Supreme Lord, according to one's capacity, one should give eating ingredients to brahmanas in charity and then take a Tulasi leaf in his mouth and break one's fast.

 

 After fasting properly on Ekadashi, one should eat mahaprasada the next day (Dvadasi) and at that time millions of his sins are burnt.

 

On Dvadasi, one should not sleep in the day, eat in another's home, eat more than once, eat urad dahl, rub oil on the body.  One may break the fast at the right time by drinking water if eating is difficult to arrange.

 

IMPORTANCE OF FASTING & WAKING

 

SUKLYE VA YADI VA KRSNE TAD VRATAM VAISNAVAM MAHAT

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/5 from MATSYA PURANA and BHAVISYA PURANA)

 

Anybody who fasts on both Ekadashis on both the light and dark fortnights of the month and eats on the next day (Dvadasi), Lord Shri Krishna becomes very pleased with him.

 

EKA DASYAM NA BHUNJITA VRATAM ETAD DHIH VAISNAVAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/6 from AGNI PURANA)

 

 Full eating is condemned on Ekadashi and fasting on that day is certainly very pleasing to Lord Krishna.

 

BRAHMANA KSATRIYA VISAM SUDRANAM CAIVA YOSITAM

MOKSADAM KURVATAM BHAKTYA VISNOH PRIYATARAM DVIJAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/7 from BRHAN NARADIYA PURANA)

 

 Oh brahmanas, those of brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas and sudras, whoever one may be, who fast on Ekadashi with full devotion, will certainly achieve liberation.

 

EKADASYAM NA BHUNJITA KADACID API MANAVAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/15 from VISNU SMRTI)

 

A human being should never eat on Ekadashi day.

 

EKADASYAM NA BHUNJIYA NARI DRSTE RAJASYAPI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/16, Srngi Rsi speaks)

 

 Even if a woman is going through menstruation, she should not eat on Ekadashi.

 

VAISNAVO YADI BHUNJITA EKADASYAM PRAMADATAH

VISNU ARCANAM VRTHA TASYA NARAKAM GHORAM APNUYAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/32 from GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)

 

 If due to bewilderment, a Vaishnava eats grains on Ekadashi day, then whatever merit has attained by worshiping Lord Shri Vishnu becomes fruitless and he falls into hell.

 

SAMADAYA VIDHANENA DVADASI VRTAM UTTAMAM

TASYA BHANGAM NARAH KRTVA RAURAVAM NARAKAM VRAJET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/33 from VISNU RAHASYA)

 

 If, after taking a vow to observe Dvadasi (Ekadashi), if one breaks it, he falls into a grievous hell known as Raurava.

 

VIDHAVA YA BHAVEN NARI BHUNJITA EKADASI DINE

TASYAS TU SUKRTAM NASYED BHRUNA HATYA DINE DINE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/34 from KATYAYANA SMRTI)

 

 Any widow, who eats grains on the Ekadashi day, becomes bereft of all of her merits and she suffers the sin of performing an abortion daily.

 

YATHA SUKLA TATHA KRSNA YATHA KRSNA TATETARA

TULYETE MANUTE YASTU SA VAI VAISNAVA UCYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/54 from TATTVA SAGARA)

 

 Both the Ekadashi from the light fortnight and the one from the dark fortnight are equally powerful. All persons who think that both Ekadashis are equal are addressed as Vaishnavas.

 

SANER VARE RAVER VARE SANKRANTYAM GRAHANE'PI CA

TYAJYA NA EKADASI RAJAN SARVA DAIVETI NISCAYAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/63, Devala Rsi speaks)

 

Oh king, one should never give up fasting on Ekadashi, even if it falls on Saturday, Sunday, on an eclipse day or on Sankranti day.

 

VARNANAM ASRAMANAN CA STRINAM CA VARA-VARNINI

EKADASY UPAVASASTU KARTAVYO NA ATRA SAMSAYAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/74 from PADMA PURANA, UTTARA KHANDA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)

 

 Oh dear wife, among all kinds of social and spiritual orders or even women, everyone should fast on Ekadashi day. Of this, there is no doubt.

 

 Shrila Sanatana Gosvami remarks in his Digdarsini-tika commentary, "Everyone should fast on such an auspicious day as Ekadashi. Everyone, among all social and spiritual orders are said to be authorized to fast on this day. Even grhasthas, previously as it is said, "brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas and sudras, and even women should fast", and furthermore, "men and women should fast". Sudras and even women have not been rejected to fast on Ekadashi. Specifically, "even a widow" and "with his wife and his son", either a married or unmarried woman are authorized to fast. As Manu Maharaja says, "There is no authorization for a woman to separately perform a fire sacrifice, any fasting". Lord Vishnu says, "If any woman's husband is alive and she fasts without asking him, she reduces the duration of life of her husband and attains hell herself." This means, a woman has to take her husband's permission to perform auspicious functions. Therefore, it is advised in the Sankhalikhita scripture, "A woman should begin taking vows for spiritual functions and fasting by the order of her husband." Therefore, a Vaishnava understands that a grhastha should fast with his wife and children. A Vaishnava should automatically understand this statement regarding women. As stated in Rukmangada, "He should fast with his children, wife, and relatives together on the Ekadashi day."

 

ASTA VARSADHIKO MARTYO APURNA ASITI VATSARAH

EKADASYAM UPAVASET PAKSAYOR UBHAYOR API

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/75 from KATYAYANA SMRTI)

 

From the age of eight to the age of eighty, a person should fast on all of the Ekadashis on both the light and the dark parts of the month.

 

VAISNAVO VATHA SAIVO VA KURYAD EKADASI VRTAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/78 from VISNU DHARMOTTARA)

 

Whether one is a Vaishnava or a Saivite, everyone should fast on Ekadashi day.

 

EKA BHUKTENA NAKTENA BALA VRDDHA ATURAH KSIPET

PAYO MULA PHALAIR VAPI NA NIRDVAD ASIKO BHAVET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/91 from MARKANDEYA PURANA)

 

 A child, an old man or a person unable to fast can take something to eat in the evening or once in the day, whether it be milk, fruit or water, but should properly follow the Ekadashi fast. One should not give up fasting on Ekadashi.

 

VYADHIBHIK PARIBHUTANAM PITTA ADHIKA SARIRINAM

TRINSAD VARSADHIKANAN CA NAKTA-ADI PRIKALPANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/93 from BAUDHAYANA SMRTI)

 

 Any person who is diseased, or who is dominated by bile or who has aged more than thirty years (after householder life), they are advised to eat in the evening on the Ekadashi day.

 

 Shrila Sanatana Gosvami remarks, "Aging more than thirty years means after household life ends. This is understood to be around sixty years of age, so thirty years added to that is ninety years." Furthermore, "One should go to the forest at the ate of fifty". According to this statement, a grhastha's life is said to be fifty years, that is he has decided to live in his family life until the age of fifty. Even then, if one adds thirty years, if becomes eighty years. Therefore, fasting is recommended until a minimum age of eighty.

 

ASTA ETANY AVRTAGHNANI APO MULAM PHALAM PAYAH

HAVIR BRAHMANA KAMYA CA GUROR VACANAM AUSADHAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/100 from MAHABHARATA, UDYOGA PARVA)

 

 Water, fruits, roots, milk, ghee, the request of a brahmana, the order of a spiritual master and medicine do not wane one's fast.

 

MAD UTTHANE MAT SAYANE MAT PARSVA PARIVARTANE

ATRA KO DIKSITAH KASCID VAISNAVO BHAKTI TATPARAH

ANNAM'VA YADI BHUNJITA PHALA MULAM ATHAPI VA

APARADHAM AHAM TASYA NA KSAMAMI KADACANA

KSIPAMI NARAKE GHORE YAVAD AHUTA SAMPLAVAN

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/101,102 from KASYAPA PANCARATRA Supreme Lord speaks)

 

 A devotee who is properly initiated and doing devotional service, if he eats on My awakening day, sleeping day, or turning side day, of Ekadashi days, whether he eats grains, or fruits or roots, I never forgive him for his offense and keep them in a ferocious hell until the end (annihilation) of this material world.

 

MAT SAYANE MAD UTTHANE MAT PARSVA-PARIVARTANE

PHALA-MULA-JALAHARI HRDI SALYAM MAMA ARPAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/103)

 

 Whether one takes fruits, roots, or even water on My sleeping day, or My turning-over-on-My-side day of Ekadashis, he pierces My heart with a sharp spear.

 

SAMAYASYA MAHAROGAD DUHKHINAM SARVA DEHINAM

EKADASIM UPAVASO'YAM NIRMITAM PARAMAUSADHAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/110 from TATTVA SAGARA)

 

 This Ekadashi day was created as the Supreme medicine to remove the disease of material world of having a miserable material body and mind.

 

TAVAT PAPANI DEHE' SMIN TISTHANTI MANUJADHIPA

YAVAT NA UPAVASET JANTUH PADMANABHA DINAM SUBHAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/114 from NARADA PURANA spoken by Vasistha Muni)

 

 Oh King, as long as one does not fast on Ekadashi, the day of Lord Hari, Who has a lotus navel, until that long all of the sins remain in one's body.

 

NA GANGA NA GAYA BHUPA NA KASI NA CA PUSKARAM

NA CA API KAURAVAM KSETRAM NA REVA NACAVEDIKA

YAMUNA CANDRABHAGA CA TULYA BHUPA HARER DINAT

CINTAMINI SAMA HY ESA ATHAVAPI NIDHIH SMRTA

KALPA PADAPA PREKSA VA SARVA VEDA UPAMATHAVA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/119,120 from NARADA PURANA spoken by Vasistha Muni)

 

 Neither Ganga, Gaya, Kasi, Puskara, Kuruksetra, Reva, Vedika, Yamuna, and Candrabhaga, none of them are equal to the day of Lord Hari, Ekadashi. Oh king, even if one fasts on Ekadashi unknown to others, all of his sins are at once burnt and he easily attains the spiritual world.

 

EVAM SAMASTA SUKHA DHARMA GUNASRAYAN CA

EKADASI VRATAM IDAM KALI KETUR UKTAH

SASTRESU SAUNAKA JAGAT-PATISU PRIYAN CA

SRADDHA PARAH PRAKURUTE LABHATE NA MUKTIM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/137 from BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURANA)

 

 O Saunaka, Ekadashi which is the source of happiness, religiosity and good qualities, which is the topmost meritorious day, which is the most dear day to the Supreme Lord, the Lord of the universe, anybody who takes a vow to fast on this day becomes eligible to be completely liberated from this material world.

 

 Shrila Sanatana Gosvami comments on the verse as follows: "The word Kali Ketu means the topmost meritorious day. Ketu means 'that which is the source of all kinds of happiness.' It is stated by all scriptures to fulfill all of one's desires."

 

NA ASVAMEDHA SAHASRAIS CA TIRTHA KOTY AVAGAHANAIH

YAT PHALAM PRAPYATE VATSA DVADASI-VASARE KRTE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/164 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)

 

 Oh son (Narada), whatever merit one achieves by fasting on Dvadasi day, one cannot achieve either by performing a horse sacrifice, or by going to millions of places of pilgrimage to take bath.

 

NA BHAVET MANASI PIDA ROGAS CATYANTA DUHKHADAH

MAHATMYAM PATHATAH PUMSO DVADASI SAMBHAVAM KALAU

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/170 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)

 

 In Kali-yuga, if somebody studies the glories of Dvadasi (Ekadashi) on Ekadashi day, they do not suffer with mental problems and physical disease.

 

EKADASI VRATAD ANYAD YAD VRATAM KRIYATE NARAIH

TAT PHALAM TAD VIJANIYAD DUHKHODHBHUTAM IVA ANKURAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/178, spoken by Sanat Kumara)

 

 Any person who does not fast on Ekadashi and observes other day's fasts, he suffers the miseries of performing fasts, but does not attain sufficient results, or they only achieve difficulties from fasting and nothing else.

 

EKATAS CA AGNI HOTRADI DVADASIM EKATAH PRABHUH

TULAYA TAULAYAT TATRA DVADASI CA VISISYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/179 from SAURA-DHARMA)

 

 The Supreme Personality of Godhead once took a measuring scale and on one side put sacrifices, austerities etc. and on the other side Dvadasi day and found that Dvadasi is more meritorious.

 

EKADASI-VRATAM YAS TU BHAKTIMAN KURUTE NARAH

SARVA PAPA VINIRMUKTAH SA VISNOR YAT MANDIRAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/192 from VAYU PURANA)

 

 Any person who observes an Ekadashi fast with devotion becomes free from all difficulties and sins and after becoming purified, attains the abode of Lord Vishnu.

 

YAH KAROTI NARO BHAKTYA EKADASYAM UPOSANAM

SAYATI VISNU SALOKYAM PRAPYA VISNOH SVARUPATAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 12/197 from SIVA PURANA)

 

 Any person who fasts on Ekadashi with devotion, attains the same form as Vishnu, goes to His abode and lives with Him.

 

VARAM SVA-MATRA GAMANAM VARAM GOMANSA BHAKSANAM

VARAM HATYA SURAPANAM NA EKADASYANTU BHOJANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/8 from NARADA PURANA)

 

 Worse than enjoying conception with one's own mother, eating beef, murdering, or drinking liquor is eating on Ekadashi day. Therefore one should not eat on the Ekadashi day.

 

DASAMYAM EKA BHAKTANTU KURVITA NIYATENDRIYAH

ACAMYA DANTA KASTHANTU KHADAYET TADANANTARAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/18 from SMRTI ANTARA)

 

 On Dasami day, a person should eat only once with controlled senses. After that, he should wash his hands and mouth and brush his teeth properly.

 

DINARDHA SAMAYE'TITE BHUJYATE NIYAMENA YAT

EKA BHAKTAM ITI PROKTAM KARTAVYAM TAT PRAYATNATAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/21 from BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURANA)

 

A person who is regulated will eat only once a day when half of the day has passed (in the afternoon), and he should eat in a religious mood for purification.

 

WAKING

 

MATIR NA JAYATE YASYA DVADASYAM JAGARAM PRATI

NA HI TASYA ADHIKARO'STI PUJANE KESAVASYA HI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/86 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Uma)

 

One who does not remain awake overnight on a Ekadashi fasting day is not qualified to worship Lord Shri Hari.

 

HRDAYE VARTATE YASYA SADA YOGESVARO HARIH

MATIR UTPADYATE TASYA DVADASI JAGAROPARI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/87 from SKANDA PURANA Lord Brahma speaks to Narada Muni)

 

The Supreme Lord Hari, if He is in anybody's heart, He will surely give him the intelligence to remain awake overnight on the Ekadashi fast day.

 

SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM BHAKTYA PATHATE VISNU SANNIDHAU

JAGARE TAT PADAM YATI KULA VRNDA SAMANVITAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/131 from SKANDA PURANA and PRAHLADA SAMHITA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada)

 

If anybody studies Shrimad Bhagavatam with full devotion before the Deity of Lord Shri Hari, he will surely go to the spiritual abode with all of his ancestors.

 

DASTA KALI BHUJANGENA SVAPANTI MADHUHA DINE

KURVANTI JAGARAM NAIVA MAYA PASA VIMOHITAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/171 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)

 

 Any person, who on the day of Lord Hari does not remain awake overnight and instead sleeps, one should understand that he has been caught with a one hundred-fold network of illusion and has been bitten by the snake of Kali-yuga.

 

YAT KINCIT KRIYATE PAPAM KOTI JANMANI MANAVAIH

KRSNASYA JAGARE SARVAM RATRAU DAHATI PARVATI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/182 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)

 

 Oh Parvati, on the day of Lord Shri Hari, if somebody remains awake, all of the sins accumulated for the previous millions of births are destroyed at once.

 

YAH PUNAH SUSTHA CITTO'PI SVA STHANE VASATE'PI SAN

NA HARER JAGARAM KURYAT TENA KARYA NA ME KVACIT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/190 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)

 

Oh Parvati, what more can I say. A healthy person, while living in his own house still does not remain awake on the day of Lord Hari at night, even though he is a devotee of the Lord, even I do not have any connection with him.

 

BRAHMANAH KSATRIYA VAISYAH STRIYAH SUDRAS CA JAGARE

PRAPTAS TE PARAMA STHANAM SRI VISNOR JAGARE KRTE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/198 from SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Parvati)

 

 Whether one is a brahmana, ksatriya, vaisya, woman or sudra, fallen person, unwanted progeny, demons, evil spirit or devil, any of them who had previously observed an Ekadashi fast and remained awake overnight for the pleasure of Lord Hari, attained the spiritual abode of Lord Vishnu.

 

JAGARE PADMANA BHASYA PURANAM PATHATE TU YAH

JANMA KOTI SUKRTAM PAPAM DAHATE TULARASI VAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/530 from SKANDA PURANA)

 

 While remaining awake for the lotus-naveled Lord Shri Hari, one who studies Puranas (meritorious histories), then whatever sins one has acquired for millions of births, burn up just like a piece of cotton quickly burns to ashes in the fire.

 

TATRA BRAHMA CA RUDRAS CA SAKRADYA DEVATAGANA

NITYAM EVA SAMAYANTI JAGARE KRSNA VALLABHE

RSAYO NARADADYAS TU VYASADYA MUNAYAS TATHA

AHAS CA TATRA GACCHAMI KRSNA PUJA RATAH SADA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/219,220 from PRAHLADA SAMHITA)

 

 Prahlada says, "Wherever there is a person remaining awake overnight on Ekadashi, which is very dear to Lord Krishna, all the demigods, including Brahma, Indra and Siva, are all available there. And where there is such a wake going on, all of the great sages, headed by Narada Muni and Vyasadeva, are available there and I (Prahlada Maharaja) who am always engaged in worshiping Lord Shri Hari, am also available there."

 

GANGA SARASVATI REVA YAMUNA VAI SATADRUKA

CANDRABHAGA VITASTA CA NADYAH SARVASTU TATRA VAI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/223 from PRAHLADA SAMHITA)

 

 Prahlada Maharaja says, "There only, the Ganges, Sarasvati, Reva, Yamuna Satadruka, Candrabhaga, Vitasta and other religious rivers are available there as well."

 

PRATAH SNATVA HARIM PUJYA UPAVASAM SAMARPAYET

PARANANTU TATAH KURYAD VRATA SIDDHAU HARI SMARAN

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/230 from KATYAYANA SAMHITA)

 

 After taking bath early in the morning and worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Shri Hari, one should offer his fasting to Him and then to achieve merit from such fasting, one should remember Lord Shri Hari while breaking the fast.

 

NITYA KRTYAM SAMAPYA ATHA SAKTYA VIPRANSCA BHOJAYET

KURVITA DVADASI MADHYE TULASIM PRASYA PARANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/236 from TRAILOKYA MOHANA PANCARATRA)

 

 Thereafter, after performing daily service to the Supreme Lord, according to one's capacity, one should give eating ingredients to brahmanas in charity and then take a Tulasi leaf in his mouth and break one's fast.

 

KRTVA CAIVA UPAVASAMTU YO'SNATI DVADASI DINE

NAIVEDYAM TULASI MISRAM PAPA KOTI VINASANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/237 from SKANDA PURANA)

 

 After fasting properly on Ekadashi, one should eat mahaprasada the next day (Dvadasi) and at that time millions of his sins are burnt.

 

EKADASYAM UPOSYAIVA DVADASYAM PARANAM SMRTAM

TRAYODASYAM NA TAT KURYAD DVADASA DVADASI-KSAYAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/241 from KURMA PURANA)

 

One should fast on the Ekadashi day and break his fast on Dvadasi day. It is not recommended to break one's fast on Trayodasi day. One who breaks his fast on Trayodasi day (one who does not break his fast at the proper moment), looses the merit which had gained by fasting on twelve Dvadasis.

 

DVADASYAH PRATHAMAH PADO HARIVASARA SANJNAKAH

TAM ATIKRAMYA KURVITTA DARANAM VISNU TATPARAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 13/258 from VISNU DHARMOTTARA)

 

 The first fourth portion of the Dvadasi day is called "the day of Lord Hari". A person who is a devotee of Lord Vishnu should pass over this portion to break his fast.