|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Chronology of Gaudiya Vaishnavism > 3a. 1533 to 1924 AD Detail|
The introductory note to this journal article says that the author out of sudden inspiration, began reading old authentic and modern Vaishnava texts and felt a strong desire to compile historical information on the lila of Chaitanya and his associates. As a result of his four years work he prepared a list of chronological events and people comprising about 900 items. He divided these into three parts and began publishing each part simultaneously in three Shri Vaishnava periodicals, welcoming reviews and suggestions from the Vaishnava world. There is no mention of the names of the periodicals where the first two parts have been published. This is Part 111.
1. Saka era Asadhi (Bengali month) Sukhla Dasami (lunar fortnight, number of the day of the month) Death of Swarupa Damodara Goswami. He immediately fell senseless when Mahaprabhu disappeared and never regained conciousness.(1533 AD).
2. 1455 S Pansi Sukhla Tritaya (1533 AD).
Birth of Jiva Goswami (Avirbhav).
3. 1455 S Madhi Sukladvitya (1534 AD).
Installation of Madana Gopala at Vrndavana and appointment of a priest named Krishna Das Brahmacari who was brought from Parasurama Canle of Mahavana by Sanatan Goswami
4. 1455 S Sukla Pancami magh (1534 AD).
Shrinivasa Acarya left for Nilacala. On the way he fell senseless upon hearing the news of Mahaprabhu's death. Mahaprabhu commanded him in a dream to meet Gadadhara at Nilacala.
5. 1455 S Phalgun (1534 AD).
Shrinivasa Acarya reaches Nilacala and arrives at the feet of Gadadhara, has darshan of Gauranga parsada and goes to Narahari to take the book Bhagavata.
6. 1455 S Phalguni Krishna Triyata (1534 AD).
Death of Raya Ramananda
7. 1456 S Vaisakha (1534 AD).
Shrinivasa visits Shrikhanda and again leaves for Nilacala carrying the Bhagavatam.
8. 1456 S Jaistho amavasya (1534 AD).
Death of Gadadhara Pandit Goswami
9. 1456 S Asadh (1534 AD).
While returning to Nilacala, Shrinivasa fell unconcious upon hearing the news of Gadadhara's death, the latter commanded him in a dream to leave for Vrndavana via Navadwipa.
10. 1456 S Monsoon (1534 AD)
Shrinivasa visits Navadwipa after his return to Shrikhanda, takes refuge at the feet of Vishnupriya and meets with parsadas such as Shrivasa Pandita, Murari Gupta, Damodara, Purusottama, Sanjaya, Vijaya, Suklambara, Gadadhar dasa, etc.
11. 1456 S Pansi Sukla Tritya (1534 AD)
Death of Jagadananda Pandit Goswami
12. 1456 S Maghi Krishna Tritiya (1534 AD)
Birth of Rama Candra Goswami of Baghanapada. Birth of a son to Caityana dasa (Caityana dasa is the son of Vansivadana dasa) Caityana das was looked after and gracefully nourished by Jahnava Goswamini. On the ocassion of the sons birth Vishnupriya devi, Jahnava and Sita arrived at the house of Vansivadana.
13. 1456 S Phalgun (1535 AD)
Gopala Bhatta Goswami initiates Gopinatha the son of Madhava Misra, a Gaudiya brahmana of Mahaprabhu from up country.
14. 1456 S Caitri Purnima (1535 AD)
Avirabhav of Mahaprabhu at village Dharenda Bahadura Pura in Gauda
15. 1457 S (1535 AD)
Uddharana Datta leaves Nilacala for Vrndavana.
16. 1447 S
When Kanai Thakura was twelve days old, on Rath Yatra day, his mother expired. Thus his father, Purusottama Thakura put Kanai under the care of Jahnava, who adopted him as her own child.
17. 1457 Maghi Sukla Pancami
The deity of Govinda discovered by Rupa Gosvami was installed in Vrndavana.
18. 1458 (1536 AD)
Meeting of Advaita Acharya and Vidyapati
19. 1459 S (1537 AD)
Birth of Padakarta Govinda dasa (Kaviraja) in the town of Kumara. His father is Ciranjiva Sen, and mother Sunanda. His maternal grandfather is poet Damodara Sena.
20 1459 S (1537 AD)
Birth of Nityananda Dasa (former name was Balarama Dasa). He is the author of Prema Vilas and was born in a Vaidya family of Shrikhanda. His father was Atmarama Dasa and mother was Sandamini.
21. 1459 S ( 1537 AD)
Birth of the Padakarta Yadunandana Thakura. He was born in the village of Malihati where there is a temple of Radha Mohana which is located near the railway station Salar in the district of Murshidabad.
22. 1459 S (1537 AD)
Approximate period when Locana's Caityana Mangala was written.
23. 1459 S (1537 AD)
Birth of Kavi Kankana Mukhanda Devaram Cakravarti in the village Damunya under Silimavat Pargana in Burdwan district. The Gauranga vandana, composed by this poet is a very charming work.
24. 1460 S (1538 AD)
Kartiki Krishnastami, Birth of Upagopala Shri Rudra Pandita, at Shripat Balavapura which is located one mile north of Shripata Mahesa. Shri Rudra Pandita is the nephew of Kasisvara Pandita of Catra and an associate of Gauranga.
25. 1460 S Maghi Suklastami (1539 AD)
Sanatana Gosvami installed the deities of of Nanda, Yasoda, Balabadra and Krisna in Vraja Mandal.
26. 1426 S Kartiki Krishnastami (1540 AD)
Death of Gadadhara dasa at Katsa.
27. 1462 S Kartiki Krishna Devadasi (1540 AD0
Death of Narahari Sarkara Thakura at Shrikanda.
28. 1462 S (1540 AD)
Approximate period when Jayananda's Chaitanya Mangal was written.
29. 1463 S Asvin Krishnastami (1541 AD)
Avyabhav of Nityananda Prabhu.
30. 1463 S Agrahayana Krisna Ekadashi (1541 AD)
Death of Uddharana Datta Thakura in Vrndavana near Vannsevata. He was buried there.
31. 1464 S Vaisakhi Purnima (1542 AD)
Abhiseka of Radha Ramana vigraha, when it manifested from Salagrama sila of Gopal Bhatta in Vrndavana.
32. 1452 S Ashad Krisna dvitya (1542 AD)
Date when Shri Caityana Carita Mahakavaya of Kavi Karnapur was written.
33. 1464 S (1542 AD)
Birth of Sachinandana, the second son, of Chaitanya dasa at Bagnapada.
34. 1464 S Maghi Sukhla dasmi (1543 AD)
Rupa Gosvami installs the deity of Radha Damodara in Vrndavana
35. 1465 S (1543 AD)
Tulasi dasa is born in a brahmin family in the village Rajapura close to Prayag.
36. 1466 S (1543 AD)
Kasisvara Pandita leaves for Vrndavana via Gaya.
37. 1468 S (1546 AD)
Mirabai attains Krishna. (Krishna prapati in Dwaraka).
38. 1468 S Caitra Sukla Navami (1546 AD)
Birth of Murari Pandita, the nephew of Kasisvara Pandita, at Catra.
39. 1469 S (1574 AD)
Jiva Goswami renounces the world and leaves for Vrndavana.
40. 1469 S (1574 AD)
At that command of Vishnupriya devi, Shrinivasa Acarya visits the Shripata in Santipura, Khaddaha, Khanakula, Shrikhanda and then returns Yajigrama.
41. 1470 S Jaistho Sukla Trayodasi (1548 AD)
Death of Vamsivadana, who was brought up by Vishnupriya.
42. 1471 S (1548 AD)
Birth of Tanasena (A Gaudiya brahmana) The student of Haridasa Swami.
43. 1472 S (1550 AD)
Period when Rupa Goswami wrote Shri Krishna Ganodesha dipika.
44. 1473 S (1551 AD)
Death of Hita Hari Vamsa the founder of Radha Vallabhi sampradaya of Vrndavana
45. 1476 S (1554 AD)
Sanatana Goswami complied his Vaishnava Tosini tika.
46. 1480 S ( 1557 AD)
Death of Advaita Prabhu.
47. 1481 S Sravana Sukla Trayodasi (1559 AD)
Death of Gopal Gauri dasa Pandita
48. 1482 S (1560 AD)
Completion of Advaita Prakash by Isana Nagara.
49. 1484 S (1562 AD)
Marriage of Isan Nagara.
50. 1485 S Asvani Sukla dvadasi (1563 AD)
Death of Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami in Vrndavana.
51. 1485 S Kartika Sukla Pratipada (1563 AD)
Avyabhav of Rasikananda, the cherished follower of Syamananda. Birth of a son to Achyutananda dev the King of Rayani town on the banks of the river Suvarna rekha in Orissa.
52. 1485 S Agahayena Sukla Dvitya (1560 AD)
Shrinivasa leaves for Vrndavana.
53. 1485 S Caitra Sukla Trayodasi (1564 AD)
Death of Kamalakara Pippalai in Vrndavana.
54. 1485 Caitra krishna Trayodasi Baruni (1564 AD)
Death of Kasisvara Pandita in Vrndavana.
55. 1485 S (1564 AD)
Birth of Padakarta Divya Sinha, the son of Padakarta Govinda dasa.
56. 1486 S Asadhi purnima (1564 AD)
Death of Sanatana Goswami.
57. 1486 S Sravana Sukla purnima (1564 AD)
Meeting of Shrinivasa with Jiva Goswami at Visrama Ghat in Mathura.
58. 1486 S Sravana Krishna Swashi (1564 AD)
Shrinivasa recieves diksa from Gopala Bhatta Goswami in Vrndavana.
59. 1488 S (1567 AD)
Completion of Gaura Ganoddesa Dipika by Kavi Karnapura.
60. 1494 S (1472 AD)
Writing of Shri Caityana Canrodaya by Kavi Karnapura.
61. 1495 S (1573 AD)
Emperor Akbar visits Vrndavana and gives it the name Fakir-vada.
62. 1495 S (1573 AD)
Writing of Nityananda Vamsa Mala by Vrndavana dasa Thakura.
63. 1496 S (1574 AD)
Writing of Ramayana by Tulasi dasa
64. 1496 S Agrahayana Sukla Panchmi (1574 AD)
Shrinivasa, Narottama and Syamananda leave for Gaudamandala carrying Vaishnava grantha.
65. 1497 S Jaistho (1575 AD)
Robbing of the Vaishnava books by Vira Hamvira the king of Vishnupura.
66. 1497 S Ashadi Krishna Tritiya (1575 AD)
Vira Hamvira receives diksa from Shrinivasa Acarya.
67. 1497 S (1575 AD)
Completion of Caityana Bhagavata by Vrndavana dasa.
68. 1498 S (1576 AD)
Death of Kavi Karnapura.
69. 1500 S Ashadi Sukla Panchimi (1578 AD)
Death of Gopala Bhatta Goswami.
CHAPTER 2 SRI JIVA GOSVAMI, SRINIVASA ACARYA, SRI NAROTTAMA THAKURA AND SRI SYAMANANDA
1581 AD / 1503 S' Kartika, Death of Suklambara Brahmacari and Damodara Pandita at Navadvipa
1581 AD / 1503 S' Kartika Krishnastane, Death of Dasa Gadadhara
After Vishnupriya's disappearance, Dasa Gadadhara, the associate of Nityananda, went to Katwa from Navadvipa and installed the deity of Gauranga at the spot where Mahaprabhu took sannyasa. The present "Mahaprabhu Bati" (House of Mahaprabhu) at Katwa is in the Shripati of Gadadhara Dasa. He died in this place and was buried by the side of the grave of Kesava Bharati. When Gadadhara passed away, Shrinivasa Acarya organized a festival in his honor and the ocassion was celebrated with great pomp. After Gadadhara's disappearance his disciple, Jadunandana Cakravarti recieved the right to serve the diety and Shripata. The present sevaits are descendants of Jadunandana's family.
1581 AD / 1503 S' Kartika Krishna Ekadashi, Death of Narahari Sarkara Thakura
Sarkara Thakura died at Shrikhanda. It is said that he suddenly left his body while in the midst of performing sankirtana. Raghunandana Thakura, the son of Mukunda Thakura, was brought up by Narahari and also recieved diksa from him. Raghunandan celebrated this departure festival grandly. All the mahantas and Vaishnavas who went to Katwa to attend the celebration in honour of Gadadhara Dasa's also attended this festival, arriving at Shrikhanda via Yajigrama. The Vaishnavas who gathered there were amazed to hear the recital of Bhagavata by Shrinivasa Acarya and to see the dancing and kirtana of Viracandra, the son of Nityananda. At that time a blind devotee named Ramai regained his sight by the grace of Viracandra. After the festival the Vaishnavas returned to their own abodes. Since then every year on the day of Krishna Ekadasa in Kartika this death anniversary is celebrated with great pomp at Shrikhanda.
1582 AD / 1503 S' Maghi Krishna Dvadasi, Death of Dvija Haridasa Thakura
Haridasa Thakura, a brahmana of Bharadvaja Gotra and Radhi class was born in a village in Kancanagadia near Teva-Vaidyapur in Kandi subdivision of Mursidabad district. After the death of Mahaprabhu, Haridasa vowed to end his life, but was commanded by Mahaprabhu in a dream to visit Vrndavana. Haridasa thus spent the last days of his life in Vrndavana and died on Krishna Dvadasi in the month of Magha. At the instruction of Haridasa, his two sons, Shridasa and Gokulananda took diksa from Shrinivasa Acarya.
1582 AD / 1503 S' Maghi Vasanti Pancami, Shrinivasa Acarya Syamananda and Ramacandra Kaviraja in Vrndavana
Upon receiving a letter from Jiva Gosvami, Shrinivasa Acarya left for Vrndavana in the middle of Agrahayana and arrived on Vasanta Pancami day. Around the same time Syamananda Prabhu came from Orissa to Vrndavana via Nilcala. Ramacandra Kaviraja, in search of Srniivasa, reached Vrndavana from Gandamandala. Charmed by the poetic talent of Ramacandra, the Goswamis awarded him the title "Kaviraja".
1582 AD / 1503 S' Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami completed the writing of Chaitanya Charitamrita
1582 AD / 1504 S' Shrinivasa, Syamananda, and Ramachandra at Vishnupura
On of Vaisakhi Purnima, Shrinivasa, Ramacandra, and Syamananda left for Gauda. At this time Jiva Gosvami sent with them many of the Gosvamis books for preaching in Gaudamandala. Krishnadasa Kaviraja's Chaitanya Charitamrita was also sent with them. Shrinivasa and his party reached Vishnupura before the monsoon. After a few days Syamananda left for Utkala. Shrinivasa and Ramacandra stayed in Vishnupura for two months. The Queen mother and Prince Dhadi Hamvira took diksa from Acharya Prabhu and the diety of Kalachand was installed at Vishnupura after being annointed ceremonially by Acarya Prabhu. A large number of people in Vishnupura were initiated by Shrinivasa Acarya.
1582 AD / 1504 S Jiva Goswami prepared his "Laghutosani Tika".
1582 AD / 1504 S' Agrahayana Krishna Trayodshi, Death of Gopala Mahesh Pandita
1583 AD / 1504 S' Maghi Krishna Ekadashi, Festival at Kanchangadia
Shridasa and Gokulananda, the two sons of Dvija Haridasa, the associate of Mahaprabhu, stayed with Shrinivasa to study Bhakti Sastra. Acarya Prabhu asked them to arrange for the celebration of their father's death anniversary. Adequate arrangmenta were made in village Kancanagadia. Shrinivasa Acarya and his foremost disciples came to Kancanagadia and performed the festival nicely. Shridasa and Golulananda took diksa from Acarya Prabhu. From there Acarya Prabhu left for the house of Ramacandra Kaviraja in the village of Telia Budhuri. Before Ramacandra's return from Vrndavana his younger brother Govinda Kaviraja left his abode in Kumananagara to settle in village Telia Vudhuri.
1583 AD / 1504 S' Shrinivasa and Narottama at Vudhuri
When Acarya Prabhu arrived at Vudhuri, Govinda, the younger brother of Ramacandra, as commanded in a dream by Devi, took diksa from Acarya Prabhu. From Kheturi Narottama Thakura came to meet Acarya Prabhu. Narottama and Ramacandra met each other for the first time and became tied to each other for ever. Narottama sought the permission of Acarya Prabhu to hold a festival on the occasion of installing a deity at Kheturi on the Phalguni purnima day. Acarya Prabhu gave his consent with great pleasure.
1583 AD / 1504 S' Phalguni Purnima, Festival at Kheturi.
Acarya Prabhu went to Kheturi accompained by his associates. Fifteen messangers were sent with invitation letters to various Shripata, at Navadvip, Santipura, Khaddaha, Amvika, Katwa, Shrikhanda, Utkala etc. Devotees began to flock to Kheturi from various places - from Utkala Syamananda Prabhu with his discipes, from Santipura Gopala Prabhu with his ganas, Raghunandana from Shrikhanda, Kanai Thakura etc. Senior Vaishnavas from Navadvipa Shripati, the younger brother of Shrivasa, Shrividhi etc., Jadunandasa Chakravarti from Katwa, Kala Krishnadasa from Akaihata and various other mahantas in hundreds and thousands. Kheturi and its neighbouring villages became filled with people. From Khaddaha with Jahnava came Vrndavanadasa, Balarama Dasa, poet Jnanadasa etc. With great grandeur Shrinivasa annointed and installed the deities of Vishnupriya-Gauranga and Vallabhikanta. For a split during the performance of sankirtana, Mahaprabhu and his assolciates became visible to everyone at the festival. Shrinivasa Acarya spent one month in Kheturi then took his leve. Narottama thakura and Ramacandra Kaviraja stayed in Kheturi and practised Bhajana-Sadhana together. Later Narottama installed four more deities named Vrajamohana, Krishna, Radhakanta, and Radharamana.
Line of Narottama:
People irrespective of caste and creed and ignoring social restrictions began to take at the feet of Narottama. Harirama and Ramakrishna were the two sons of Nityananda Acarya, a wealthy Brahmana zamindar of Goasa village. Being Shakta worshipers, they were on their way to buy goats for sacrifice when they met Narottama and fell at his feet. Harirama took diksa from Ramacandra Kaviraja and Ramakrishna from Narottama. Ganganarayana Chakravarti, a reputed scholar and Kulin Brahmana of Varendra group from the village Gambhila near Valucara, took diksa from Narottama and became famous as "Chakravati Thakura." Krishnacarya, the son of Ramakrishna, took diksa from Ganganarayana and lived in Gambhila. In the last years of Ganganarayana's life he went to Vrndavana with his wife Naryani and only widowed daughter Vishnupriya. Many influenctial persons such as Narasinha, the King of Pakka Palli which is situated on the bank of the Ganges, Rupa Narayana, a well known pandita, Raghavendra Raya, the King of Raja Mahala and his two sons named Candaraya and Santosh Raya, King Govindaram, Harichandra Raya, the zamindar of Jalapantha etc. surrenderd at the feet of Narottama. Disciples of Ramakrishna and Harirama now live at Sayadavada. Visvanatha Chakaravarti took diksa from Ramakrishna.
1583 AD / 1505 S' Marriage of Virachandra.
After participating in the Kheturi festival, Jahnava and her son, Viracandra, went to the Pata of Paramesvari Dasa at Tada-Atapura and installed the deity of Radha Gopinatha there. After Viracandra was married to the two daughters of Yadunandana Cakravarti from Jhamatpura, Shrimati and Narayani, Jahnava returned to Khaddaha accompained by her two daughters in-law. In due course of time Viracandra had by his second wife Narayani, a son named Ramacandra Goswami and three daughters Bhuvana-Mohini, Naradurga and Navagauri. Kadamvamala, the daughter of Jagadananda Pipali of Mahesa was married to Ramacandra and this couple had four sons named Ramadeva, Krishnadeva, Vishnudeva and Radharamana, and a daughter Tripurasundari. Descendents of Ramadevi and Radhamadhava exist till now.
1583 AD / 1505 S' Jaithso, Death of Vasudha.
Vasudha died soon after Jahnava returned with her newly married daughters-in-law.
1583 AD / 1502 S' Asadh, Jahnava in Vrndavana
Jahnava left for Vrndavana accompained by her Uncle Krishnadasa Sarakhel, her son-in-law Madhavacarya, Gopala Paramesvaridasa, Govinda and Bhagavana Kaviraja of Shrinivasa's line. In Vrndavana she met great Vaishnavas such as Dasa Goswami, Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami, Lokanatha and Bhugarbha Goswami, Gopala Bhatta and Jiva Goswami, Madhu Pandita, Badu Gangadasa etc. Gopinatha commanded Jahnava in a dream to send a deity of Radhika from Gauda to be installed on the left of the Gopinatha deity served by Paramananda Bhattacharya, who was the teacher of Santana Goswami, and Madhu Pandit. The Goswamis awarded the title of "Kaviraja" (King of poets) to Govindasa, the younger brother of Ramacandra Kaviraja, in recognisation of his extraordinary poetic talent. Jahnava then left for Khaddaha via Kheturi, Vudhuri, Ekacakra, Mandesvara, Shrikhanda, Yajigrama, Navadvipa, Amvika and Saptagrama.
1583 AD / 1505 S' Kartika Rasa Purnima, Festival at Vishnupura
After the festival at Kheturi, Acarya Prabhu came to Yajigrama. At the desire of King Hamvira another festival like the one at Kheturi was celebrated. Rasa Purnima day of Kartic was fixed for the festival. Narottama arrived with his team of Kirtana singers named Gaderahati Kirtana Sampradaya, and many Vaishnavas gathered for the festival. The platform for Rasa (Rasa Manea) had the deity of Madana Mohana and 380 dieties. With great pomp the festival was celebrated. After staying four months at Vishnupura, Narottama returned to Kheturi with Ramacandra Kaviraja, and Shrinivasa stayed in Yajigrama.
Shrinivasa Acarya, who was the scholar pandita of the royal court of Vinsupura, kept a copy of the manuscript of Chaitanya Caritamrita. Verses of this copy state that it was written in 1503 S' (1581 AD)
1583 AD / 1505 S' Birth of the blind poet Suradasa
Blind Suradasa was born as the son of Balarama, the gem of musicians in the royal court of the Emperor Akbar. Suradasa was a Hindu and translated Shrimad Bhagavtam into Hindi. He lived in Gayaghata between Agra and Mathura. Later in Vrndavana he was initiated into the Vaishnava faith and took diksa from Vittalanatha. Being bound by the love of Suradasa, Krishna Himself wrote his poems. The deity Madura Mohana installed by Suradasa still exists in Vrndavana.
1583 AD / 1505 S' Caitra--Shrinivasa, Narottama and Ramacandra at Navadvipa
During the festival at Vishnupura it was decided that the three of them would visit Navadvipa once together. In the month of Caitra they traveled together to Navadvipa. Aged Isana Thakura, the favourite servant of Saci-Vishnupriya was at that time living in the house of Prabhu. With the assistance of Isana Thakura they visited the various places of lila in Navadvipa and then left for Shrikhanda.
1583 AD / 1505 S' Caitra--Death of Isana Thakura
While on their way to Shrikhanda from Navadvipa, Acarya Prabhu heard that Isana Thakura, the servant of Saci-Vishnu-priya had passed away.
1584 AD / 1506 S' Vaisakh--Vira Hamvira and the Queen at Yajigrama
Acarya Prabhu came to his own house at Yajigrama joined by Narottama and Ramacandra from Shrikhanda on the way. King Vira Hamvira and his Queen came to Yajigrama from Vishnupura and bowed at the feet of their guru, Shrinivasa.
1584 AD / 1506 S' Vaisakh--Jahnava order the deity of Radhika
On her return from Vrndavana, Jahnava ordered a beautiful deity of Radhika made by Nayana Bhaskara, a sculptor from Halisahara, and sent it through Paramesvari Dasa and Nirsinha Caityana Thakura to Vrndavana. On the way Shrinivasa Acarya and others had a look at it in Katwa. King Vira Hamvira secretly donated one thousand coins for the expenses to be incurred for the installation of this deity. In Vrndavana this deity was placed on the left of Gopinatha. The original deities have been shifted to Jaipur now. The image kept at present on the left of the deities, is described as Jahnava Thakurani.
1584 AD / 1506 S' Sravani Sukla Caturthi--Death of Raghunandana Thakura
After King Vira Hamvira and his queen returned to Vishnupura, Acarya Prabhu along with Narottama and Ramacandra went to Kheturi where they stayed for a few days and then came to Shrikhanda via Yajigrama. At the command of Raghunandana Thakura singing of Sankirtana went on for three days and in the midst of this singing Raghunandana Thakura died quietly. Kanai Thakur, the son of Raghunandana, celebrated his death with great pomp. Afterwards Acarya Prabhu went to Vishnupura, where the king prepared a beautiful building for his use.
1585 AD / 1507 S' Sravani Sukla Pancami, Death of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami
Gopala Bhatta Goswami died after turning over the responsiblity for serving Radha Ramana to his disciple Gopinatha, a brahmana from Devavana. Gopinatha was a bachelor. After his death his brother Damodara took charge of this service. The present sevaits descend from this Damodara.
1586 AD / 1508 S' The second marriage of Shrinivasa Acarya
While staying at Vishnupura, at the request of King Vira Hamvira, Shri Acarya married Padmavati Devi (later called Gauranga Priya), the daughter of Raghunath Chakravarti of West Gopalapura. He was 69 years old at that time.
1586 AD / 1508 S' Asvini Sukla Dvadasi--Death of Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami
Raghunatha Dasa Goswami desperatly sought refuge at the feet of Radharani. His desire was fulfilled on the Sukla Dvadasi day of Asvin. The samadhi of Dasa Goswami lies on eastern corner of Radhakunda.
1586 AD / 1508 S' Vittalanatha, the son of Vallabharchaya, died
1586 AD / 1508 S' Agrahayana Krishna Caturthi, Dvija Balaramadasa, the poet, died while chanting the holy name in the temple of Balagopaladeva
1588 AD / 1510 S' Sravani Krishna Astami, Death of Lokanatha Gosvami
1588 AD / 1510 S' Asvin Sukla Trayodasi, Death of Krishnadasa Kaviraja
His samadhi lies on the bank of Radhakunda.
1589 AD / 1511 S' Death of Locanadasa, the author of Chaitanya Mangala
1589 AD / 1511 S' Kartika Sukla Pratipada, Vrndavanadasa, the author of Chaitanya Bhagavata, died
1590 AD / 1512 S' Construction of the temple of Govindadeva in Vrndavana
King Mansingh, the disciple of Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami, arranged for the construction of this magnificent temple of Govindadeva in Vrndavana, at a great cost. Red stone from Jaipur was used in the construction of this temple. This temple was broken by Emperor Auranzeb.
1590 AD / 1512 S' Gopaladasa wrote Bhakti Ratnakara
This is a different and more popular Bhaktiratnakara than the one written by Narahari. Gopaladasa was a devout poet.
1590 AD / 1512 S' Radhakrishna-Rasa-Kalpalata was written
Gopaladasa, a Vaishnava poet from Shripata Vudhaipada, wrote this unique book. He was, by profession, dealing with Padakirtana. Mukundadasa Goswami of Vrndavana gave him considerable about writing this book.
1591 AD / 1513 S' Birth of Gatigovinda Thakura
Gatigovinda Thakura was born of the second wife of Shrinivasa Acarya. Amongst the sons of Shrinivasa, Gatigovinda acquired the most recognition. He was a poet and a great scholar. From his first wife Isvari Devi, Shrinivasa had two sons named Vrndananacandra and Radhakrishna, and three daughters named Hemalata, Krishnapriya and Kancanalatika. Among the daughters Hemalata became well known. Ramakrishna and Kumuda, the two brothers of Manipura, were initated disciples of Acarya Prabhu. Gopivallabha, the son of Kumunda, married Hemalata and Krishnapriya respectively. Hemalata's pata is in Vudhaipada on the western bank of the Ganges near Vaharampura.
1515 AD / 1517 S' Writing of the book Shrikrishna-vilasa
Jayagopala Dasa, a Kayastha poet of Shripata Bada Kavidra under Ketugrama police station in Burdwan dist, wrote Krishna Vilasa. He took diksa from Gopala Sundarananda Thakura. His descendents are still alive.
1595 AD / 1517 S' Mian Tanasena, the beloved of Haridasa Swami at Agra
1598 AD / 1520 S' Rasa Kadamba was written
Poet Vallabhadasa of village Arodha on the bank of Karatoa in Baguda district, wrote Rasa Kadamba. Naraharidasa was the guru of Vallabhadasa.
1603 AD / 1525 S' Death of Dadu, founder of the Dadupanthi sampradaya, at Narina near Jaipur
1604 AD / 1526 S' Poet Kasiramadasa of village Suigi near Katwa completed the writing of the Virata Parva of the Mahabharata
1604 AD / 1526 S' Diksa of Gatigovinda Prabhu
At the age of 13 years Gatigovinda Prabhu took diksa from Viracandra, the son of Nityananda.
1604-15 AD/1526-37 Mansingh in Bengal
Among the 12 zamindars called "barabhviyans" of Bengal, King Pratapaditya of Jessore and Cand Raya and Kedara Raya of East Bengal became very powerful and recalcitrant. In order to suppress them the Emperor of Delhi sent Mansingh to Bengal. Mansingh defeated Pratapaditya, crushed his kingdom, arrested and him and took him to Delhi. Radhakantadeva, the deity served by Pratipaditya was brought to Khaddaha and installed by Cand Sarma, a descendent of Kamadeva Pandita, and Kedar Raya took diksa in the Vaishnava faith.
1605 AD / 1527 S' With the death of Emperor Akbar his son Salim became the Emperor in the name of Jehangir
1607 AD / 1529 S' Vaisakli Purnima, writing of Karnanda
Yadunandana Dasa Thakura was a padakarta and poet of Shripata Malihati. In Shripata Vudhairpara he completed the writing of his book Karnananda. This work deals with the life and pastimes of Shrinivasa Acarya.
1610 AD / 1532 S' Kartika Sukla Astami, Death of Shrinivasa
Understanding that his life was soon to come to an end, Shrinivasa Acarya went to Vrndavana along with Ramacandra Kaviraja and died on the Kartika Sukla Astami day. Shortly after this Ramacandra Kaviraja also died. The samadhis of Shrinivasa and Ramacandra lie side by side in the Kunja of Acarya Prabhu near Dhira-Samira in Vrndavana. Shrinvasa is worshipped among the Vaishnavas as the second avatara of Mahaprabhu. The Prema (love) and Sakti (power) of Mahaprabhu incarnated through Shrinivasa Acarya. Through his preaching, Vaishnava dharma was revitalised all over Bengal.
The Shripata of Shrinivasa is at Yajigrama, two miles north west of Kawa railway station. The deities of Vansivadana and Laksmijardana which were served by Shrinivasa, the Gaura-Nitai and Gopalayi served by Gatigovinda, and the deities of Radha Madhava served by Hemalata Thakurani are still served at this shripata. On the occasions of the appearance and disappearance days of Shrinivasa Acarya, fairs are held in his honor on Vaisakhi Purnima and Kartika Sukla Astami respectively. A very old banyan tree, which Acarya Prabhu used to study the sastras beneath, stands on the western side of the Patavari. On its eastern side a seat has been constructed at the spot where Viracandra rested beneath a tamala tree. North of it is the place of the old temple of Acarya Prabhu and a pond named "Daila Dhata". Acarya Prabhu's stone footprint is situated on the Southern bank of the pond. Two large lakes near the Patavati declare the contribution of King Vira Hamvira. Descendents of Acarya Prabhu now live in places such as Manikyahanda, Vishnupura etc.
1611 AD / 1533 S' Kartika Krishna Pancami, Death od Narottama Thakura
Narottama left his body at his own will by half submerging himself in the Ganges water in village Gambhita near Bhagitathi. Celebrations in honour of his disappearance were first held in the house of Ganganarayana Cakravarti at Gambtila, and later were held in Kheturi. Till today this celebration is held on Kartika Krishna Pancami day in Kheturi.
1612 AD / 1534 S' Asvin Krishna Pratipada, Death of Padakarta Govinda Kaviraja
Govinda Kaviraja died on the Krishna Pratipada of Asvin. The deity of Gopala installed by him is still there.
1616 AD / 1538 S' Asvin, Ramacandra Thakura founded the Balaramdeva Temple at Shripat Baghnapada
1621 AD / 1543 S' Death of Vira Hamvira
The Vaishnava King of Vishnupura, Vira Hamvira, died and his son Dhadi Hamvira ascended the throne. The latter took diksa from Acarya Prabhu and was named Gopala dasa by Jiva Goswami.
1623 AD / 1545 S' Sravana Sukla Saptami, death of Tulasidasa on the bank of the Adi-Ganga at Kasi
1625 AD / 1547 S Vaishnava Padakarta Saiyad Alwas was born in Pargana Jalalpur in Faridpura district
1625 AD / 1547 S' Poet Narayana Dasa translated in verse Muktacarita
1627 AD / 1549 S' Sravana, The Nath-mandira on the north of Madanan Mohana was built in Vrndavana
1627 AD / 1549 S' The secone temple of Jugala Kisoraji was built in Vrndavana by Thakura Nonkarana Sinha of the Canhana dynasty
1627 AD / 1549 S' Raghunatha Malla, the King of Vishnupura
With the sudden death of Dhadi Hamvira, the King of Vishnupura, his brother Raghumatha Malla became the King. Raghunath expresed his reluctance to take diksa from Gatigovinda Prabhu and left for Yajigrama to take diksa from Vrndavanacandra Thakura, the eldest son of Shrinivasa Acarya. On the way he was arrsted by the Kaji of burdwan who sent hom in chains to Sujah, the ruler of Vanga and the son of the Emperor . A brahmana named Harinarayana Cattopadhyaya helped Raghunatha in various ways at this time. Ultimately Raghunatha took diksa from this brahmana. After becoming the King, Raghunatha took the title "Sinha" and all the later kings used this title. During the rule of Raghunatha beautifully adorned temples of deities such as Syamaraya, Kalacanda and Jodbangla were constructed.
1628 AD / 1550 S' End of Jehangir's rule in Delhi and beginning Shajehan's rule
1630 AD / 1552 S' Asadh Krishna Pratipada,Death of Syamananda
After installing his formost and most favourite disciple Rasikananda as the mahanta of Shripata and entrusting him with the charge of the Syamananda Sampradaya, Syamananda Prabhu died. The grave of Syamananda lies in the village of Kanpur under Samaddara Pargana in the present Mayurbharya (Orissa). Shortly before the death of Syamananda his guru Hrdaya Caityana died. Syamananda flooded the whole of Utkala with Premabhakti and initated common people into the Vaishnava faith. Places such as Dharenda, Nrsinhapura, Gopivallaghapura, Valaramapura, which were formely in Oriss but are now in the district of Midnapura, were the main centers of preaching of Premabhakti by Syamananda and his disciple Rasikananda.
CHAPTER 3 VISVANATHA CAKRAVARTI, BALADEVA VIDYABHUSANA, RADHAMOHANA, AND SAWAI JAISINGH-THE KING OF AMBER
1635 AD / 1557 S' Poet Govinda Misra of Cooch Behar, wrote a translation of the Gita in verse.
1636 AD / 1558 S' Poet Giridhara translated Gitagovinda in verse
1636 AD / 1558 S' Queen Rambhavati, the wife of Rana Bhim Singh, constructed a chatri on the Souther side of Govindadeva Temple in Vrndavana
1646 AD / 1568 S' Birth of Visvanatha Cakravarti.
Visvanatha was born in Devagrama in Nadiya District.He studied bhakti and rasa sastra under Ramakrishna Acarya, the disciple of Narottama Thakura (opinion varies, some say that he studied under Krishnacarana, the son of Ramakrishna). Visvanatha took diksa from Ramakrishna and in his early youth went to Vrndavana and took Vesasraya. His Vesasraya name is "Harivallabha". While living on the bank of Radhakunda in Vrndavana, Visvanatha installed the Gokulananda deity there. He introduced the practise of Bhajana Sadhana holding Radhika as the Parakiya Nayika of Krishna in Vrndavana and for this reason there occured a difference of opinion between him and the disciples of Jiva Goswami. However, in course of time, this Parakiya doctrine became unversally appreaciated and accepted. Visvanatha was an extraordinaryly erudite scholar and a Padakarta. Among his Sanskrit works Shrikrishna Bhavananamrita, Gauraganacandrika, Ujjvalamilamani-kirana, Bhaktirasamrita Sindhu -vindhu, Madhurya-Kadamvini, Prema-Sampita, Svapna-vilasmrita, Sadhyasadhana-kanmndi etc. deserve special mention. In addition, he wrote Tika of Bhagavata and Gita, Tippani of Vidagdha-Madhava, Gopala Tapanni, Caityana Caritamrita, Brahmasamhita, Alankara Kanstubha etc.and a compilation of padas named Ksanada-Gita-Cintamani.
1648 AD / 1570 S' Jagannatha Mangala written by Gadadhara
Gadadhara Dasa, the younger brother of poet Kasirama Dasa who wrote the Mahabharata in Bengali, wrote the book Purusottama Mahatmya in the village of Makhanapura in Puri district. Later the name of this book was changed to Jagannatha Mangala. Gadadhara was a devotee of Gauranga.
1650 AD / 1572 S' Advaita Mangala of Haricarana
Haricarana Dasa was a disciple of Acyutananda, the son of Advaita Acarya. He wrote a biography of Advaita Acarya entitled Advaita Mangala. Hariacarana lived in Shrihatta district.
1653 AD / 1575 S' Jagannatha of Mahesa and the Nawab of Dhaka
Financial difficulties arose for maintaining the service of the Jagannatha deity in Mahesa during the time when Rajivalocana Adhikari was in charge. Rajivalocana was the great grandson of Catirbhuja Adhikari who was the son of Gopala Kamalakara Pipali. The then Nawab of Dhaka donated 1,185 bighas of land for the service of this deity. The present "Jagannathapura Manja" now stands on that land. This Manja is located three miles South west of Mahesa.
1654 AD / 1576 S' Asadh Sukla Dvitya, Death of Rasikananda Deva
On the day of Rathayatra, Rasikananda entered the temple of Ksiracora Gopinatha at Remuna and physically disappeared from the temple. After opening the door it was found that a uniquely fragant flower lay at the feet of Gopinathaji. That flower was buried in the premises, near the grave of Madhavendra Puri. This memorial tomb stands till today. In the task of preaching Vaishnava Dharma in Orissa, Rasikananda stood as the chief assistant of Syamananda. By his grace the whole of Orissa became inspired with Vaishnava Dharma.
1658 AD / 1580 S' A Poet named Sanatana Cakravarti wrote wrote a translation of the Bhagavata in verse
1658 AD / 1580 S' Death of Raghunatha Sinha.
When Raghunatha Sinha, the King of Vishnupura, died, his eldest son Virasinha became the king. The temple of Lilaji was built during this period under the latter's rule.
1658 AD / 1580 S' End of Shahjehan's rule and Auranzeb became the Emperor of Delhi
1661 AD / 1583 S' Juma Masjid in Mathura.
Abdannavi, a Muslim commander of the army, was appointed the Fauzdar of Mathura by the Emperor Auranzeb in 1582 S'. Right in the beginning he built a large mosque "Juma Masjid" on the ruins of a Hindu temple. In 1591 Avdannavi died in a clash with the rebellions Jath Sardar Gokula.
1663 AD / 1585 S' Death of blind Suradasa.
Suradasa died in Gokula. He installed the deity of MadanaMohana near Vansivata in Vrndavana.
1664 AD / 1586 S' Birth of Haridasa Thakura.
Ghanasyama Chakravarti (alias Naraharidasa) was born as the son of a brahmana named Jagannatha in Reangrama near Nasipura in Mursidabad district. He wrote Bhaktiratnakara. Jagannatha took diksa from Visvanatha Cakravarty. From his early childhood Narahari renounced. When he went to Vrndavana he became the cook of Govindaji as commanded by the latter in a dream, hence he was also known as "Rasnija Pujari".
1666 AD / 1588 S' Krishnaramadasa, the author of Bhajana Malika was born in Nimata village near Belaghadia
1668 AD / 1590 S' Shrinathaji-Math in Nathadvara
While Govardhana-Natha, the deity of Madhavendra Puri was being shifted from Vrndavana to Udaipur to escape the torture of
Auranzeb, on the way the wheel of the chariot sank in the earth in village Sihada. The Maharana of Udaipur built a temple on that spot and donated the said villages to Govardhana Natha. The deity was named "Shrinathaji-Natha" and the place was named "Nathadvar".
1669 AD / 1591 S' Bengali verse translation of Vrhannardiya Purana was composed at the order of Govinda Manikya, the independet King of Tripura
1670 AD / 1592 S' Auranzeb in Mathuranandala.
Emperor Auranzeb came to Mathura in person with an army of soldiers and destroyed the temple of Kesavanatha which was built at the cost of 33 lakhs of rupees in those days. He built a mosque on it and named Mathura "Islamavada". Meanwhile, upon hearing about Auranzeb's acitivites, the priests arranged to shift various deities to other locations. The chief deities, of Vrndavana namely Gopinatha, Madanamohana, Govinda, Radhavinoda, Radha Madhava, Radhadamodara were moved to Jaipur. Deity Kesavadeva was shifted from Mathura to Nathadvar in Udaipur. The beautiful temple of Govindadeva was crushed and a mosque was built on the top of it. Various other temples were damaged and Vrndavana was named "Muminavada. Vrndavana again became covered with forest, as many Vaishnavas migrated to other places deserting Vrindavana. With the exception of Radharamana, Bankevihari and Radhavallabha, all the other deities were shifted from Vrndavana. Vrindadevi was taken to Kamayvana.
1573 AD / 1595 S' Rasakalpavalli of Rama Gopala.
Rama Gopala Rayacandhuri who wrote the book Raskalpavalli was the disciple of Thakura Ratikanta who installed the famous deity of Madanagopala and was a reputed scholar and poet hailing from the family of Raghunandana of Shrikhanda. His books "Narahari-Sakla-Mrisaya" and "Raghuanda-Sakla-Mrinaya"have been published from Shrikanda. Pitamvara, the son of Ramagopala wrote "Rasa-Manjari". He was a disciple of Shachinandana````@P@````PP@P°`° `@```š`@°°`°° @@P` ` P@ °P`0@````@`` P`@ `PPP```@`PP`°°°Ppppppp p````@@@@ppppp````````` P```` ```````````````_8Ȱ_Ȱ_娜粜娈粜が粞〼粞ぜ粞 Thakura. Ramagopala's aged grandfather, Cakrapani Candhuri, was a disciple of Narahari Sarkara Thakura.
1676 AD / 1598 S' Bhaiya Devakinandama in Kisopanagara
Bhaiya Devakisandana was a worshipper of Vamacari sect in his early lfe. Under the influence of his Vaishnava wife and at the command of Devi in a dream, he took diksa from Shrinivasa Acarya and became a devout Vaishnava. Filled with a strong feeling of vairagya, he left for Vrndavana. Along the way at Jalapur near Taki, he met Rupanarayana Vasu, the forefather of Vasu family of Taki, who prevented Devakinandana from proceeding further. Thus Devakinandana remained there where he founded a locality named "Kisoranagara" where he installed the deity of Nandadulala which he had recieved miraculously. This diety Nandadulala can be found even now in Kisoranagar or Jalalapua under Taki Muncipality of Basirhat subdivision in 24 Parganas.
1683 AD / 1605 S' Durjana Sinha, the King of Vishnupura.
After the death of Raghunatha Sinha, the King of Vishnupura, his son Durjana Sinha ascended the throne. During the latters rule the magnificently sculptured temple of Madana Mohana Deva was built.
1686 AD / 1607 S' Paus, Death of Aula Manohara Dasa Babaji.
The grave of Aula Manohara Dasa Babaji is in Vadanaganj village near Jahanavad Goghat in Hugli district. Manohara Dasa was a member and poet in the royal court of Vira Hamvira, the King of Vishnupura. His Shripati is in Sonamukhi.
1692 AD / 1614 S' Krishnadasa translated Naradapurana
Krishnadasa, a Suvarana Vanik from Amvika Kalna, translated the Naradapurana. After taking Vesasraya his name was Ramakrishnadasa.
1692 AD / 1614 S' Perpetuation of Jayadeva's memory.
In the village of Kenduvilva in Birbhum district where poet Jayadeva was born, the Queen of Burdwan constructed a temple and installed the deity of Radhavinodha. This diety is present there. The deity Radhamadeva installed by Jaydeva was taken to Vrndavana by him and was installed near Bhramaraghata. During the period of Muslim tortures this deity was kept buried under the earth in Kamyavana. Presently, the saying goes, that this deity is kept in the main Matha of the Nimbarka Sampradaya in Kisangad.
1697 AD / 1618 S' Caitra Sukla Dasami, Anuragavalli written
While residing in Vrndavana, Manohara Dasa, a poet devotee, wrote a biography of Shrivasa Acarya named Anuragavalli. He is a disciple in the tradition of Shrinivasa. The diksa guru of Manohara Dasa was Ramacandra Cattaraja, was a resident of Begunakola near Katwa and a disciple of Ramacarana Cakravarti, who was the brother-in-law and a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya. Manohara lived in Begunakola, but spent the final years of his life in Vrndavana.
1697 AD / 1618 S' Kartika Purnima, Birth of Radhamohana
Prabhu Radhamohana, the aged great grandson of Shrinivasa Acarya, was born in village Shripata Malhati near Salar railway station in Murshidabad district. His father Jagadananda Prabhu married in village Daksinakhanda. At that time he left his home in Yajirgrama and settled in his father's-in-law house in Daksinakhanda. Eventually his wife died leaving behind a son of eight years old named Jadavendra. In a dream Jagadananda saw Shrinivasa Acarya who commanded him to move to Malihati and marry again. Shrinivasa also said that he would transmit his power to the son to be born of this second wife, and through this boy the residual work would be performed. Shrinivasa then vanished. Jagadananda immediately came to live in Malihati and after marriage named his second son Radhamohana as instructed by Shrinivasa Acarya. In the Vaishnava scriptures Radhamohana has been described as the "second manifestion" of Shrinivasa Acarya. He was an unparalleled scholarly poet, Padakarta, and possessed unusual power. Compling a book of Padas named "Padamrta Samudra", Radhamohana wrote its Mahabhavannsarni Sanskrit tika and established Parakiyavada in Vaishnava-world after defeating the Digvijayi Pandita of Svakiyavada in a debate. Maharaja Nandakumara and Ravinranarayana, the King of Putiya were his initated disciples.
1702 AD / 1624 S' Birth of Padakarta Jagadananda
Jagadananda was born in the family of Raghunandana Thakura of Shrikhanda. His father Nityananda Thakura, left this abode in Shrikhanda, and migrated to Agaradihi-Daksinakhanda under Raniganj subdivision in Burdwan district. When Jagadananda left this village he settled village Joflai near Dubrajpura police station in Birbhum district. There the diety of Gauranga served by him is situated. Jagadananda was a Siddha Purnsa; on learning about his miraculous powers, the King of Pancakota gave him a Mauja named Amalala.
1704 AD / 1626 S' Visvanatha Cakravarti wrote the Sarartha Daksini tika of the Bhagavata
1707 AD / 1629 S' Bahadur Shah became the Emperor of Delhi upon the death of Auranzeb
1708 AD / 1630 S' Narahari Thakura completed writing Bhaktiratnakara and Narottama-vilasa
1710 AD / 1632 S' Krishnacandra, the Vaishnava-hating king of Navadvipa was born
1712 AD / 1634 S Gopala Sinha, the highly spiritual King of Vishnupura ascended the throne
He issued a royal order in his Kingdom that men and women above the age of 18 years must chant Harinama at dawn and dusk. Commaon people used to call this Namajapa "Gopalera Bagara" (meaning fruitless work of Gopala).
1712 AD / 1634 S' Translation of Caityana-Candrodaya-nataka by Premadasa
Devout Poet Premadasa translated in verse the Caityana-Candrodaya-Nataka of Kavikarnapura and gave the title of this translated piece as "Caityana Candrodaya Kaumudi. Premadasa's original name was Purusottama Siddhanata Vagisa. He lived in village Kulanagara within a distance of 6/8 miles from Panagad railway station in Burdwan district. His aged grand father Jagannath Misra was alive at the time of Gauranga Mahaprabhu. Purusottama was a disciple in the tradition of Ramacandra Goswami of Baghnapada, and "Premdasa" was the name given to him by his guru. At the age of 16 years Premdasa went to Vrndavana and worked for some time as the cook of Govinda deva. He wrote other books also such as "Manahsiksa", "Vansisiksa", and "Radharasa-Karkia".
1712 AD / 1634 S' Bharatcandra Raya Gunakara.
The court poet of King Krishnacandra was born in village Vasantapur in the Hughil district. His father was a zamindar of Bhurasuta Pargana.
1716 AD / 1638 S' Premadasa wrote Vansi-Siksa
The devoted poet, Premdasa, wrote his Vansi-Siksa. This book gives the history of Shripata Baghuapada.
1718 AD / 1640 S' Svakiya-Parakiyavada.
In 1699 AD Jaisingh, the second, the King of Ambar shifted his capital from Ambar to Jaipur. Being imprresed by the extraordinary qualities of this King, the Emperor of Delhi gave him the title "Sawai". During the rule of this King a great dispute arose among the Vaishnavas on the issue of the Svakiya and Parakiya Bhajana. The group of Vaishnavas who were against the Gaudiya Vaishnavas convinced King Jaisingh through arguments from scriptures that worship of the diety of Radhika along with that of Govinda was against the rules of the scriptures because the name of Radha was not mentioned in any Puranas or scriptures. Thus the King for arranged for a seperate room in which to worship Radhika. A great uproar arose in Vrndavana. The leading scholar Vivanatha Cakravarti was then living on the bank of Radhakunda in an extremely aged state of life. Under his instruction, Baladeva Vidyabhusana, the great scholar of Govardhana, went to Jaipur and defeated the Vaishnavas upholding Svakyavada, and established the victory of Parakiyavada. Thus the practice of worship of Radha Govinda was resummed. In order to establish Svakiyavada in Gaudamandala, a scholar named Krishnadeva Bhattacharya was sent from the royal court of Jaipur to Gauda. After winning everywhere this scholar was finally defeated in argument by Prabhu Radhamohana in Shripata Malihati village and the former submitted his letter of surrender. From that time Radhamohana became famous amongst the Vaishnavas on account of this achievement.
Govindabhasya of Valadeva.
At this time the great scholar and devout Vaishnava, Baladeva Vidyabhusana wrote his famous Govinda-Bhasya. Formerly Baladeva Vidabhusana had been a Saiva scholar/pandita of East Bengal and later took initation in Vaishnava Dharma and went to Vrndavana. There he embraced Vesaraya and was given the name ""Govindadasa". He lived and performed his spiritual practices at Govardhana Kandara. He wrote many books. He was a Vaishnava of Syamanandai-Sampradaya. But some say that he took diksa from Visvanatha Cakravarti.
1719 AD / 1641 S' Beginning of the rule of Mahammad Shah as the Emperor of Delhi
1721-28 AD/1643-50 S' Sawai Jaisingh in Mathura Mandala.
The Emperor of Delhi Mahammad Shah appointed Jaisingh the adminstrator of Mathura mandala. While carrying out this royal work for seven years Jaisingh began reforming and renovating Vraja-Mandala. The temples crushed by Arunzeb were rebuilt. Arrangments were made, with the consent of the Emperor, to shift the dieties of Govinda, Gopinath, Madana mohana etc., back to Vrndavana
1730 AD / 1652 S' Jaithso, Devout poet Nayanananda Dasa of Mangaludihi in Birbhum wrote his book Krishnabhakti-rasa-Kadamva.
Village Mangaladihi is a very old Vaishnava center located ten miles South-East of Suiri in Birbhum district. Parnigopala Thakura, the forefather of the Thakura family, was the initiated disciple of Sundarananda Thakura who was one of 12 Gopalas, and was a contemporary of Mahaprabhu. Parnigopala installed deities of Syamacand and Balarama in Mangaladihi. He received these deities from an ascetic of Namasaranya named Dhruva Goswami. With the death of Pan Thakura, his five disciples named Ananta, Kisora, Haricarana, Laksmana and Kanurama recieved the charge of this Shripata and the deities. With the grandson (from daughter's side) of Kisora the "Madanagopalalera pata" was created in Mangaladihi. Padakarta Gokulananda alias Gokulacandra of Kamrama. Poet and Padakarta Jagadananda, the son of Gokulacandra, wrote the Nataka named Syama-Candrodaya.
Descendents of above noted Ananta carried the deity of Balarama to Khayarasola in Birbhum district, where they set up Shripata. Here the "Gosthotsava Jatra" is celebrated with great pomp.
1735 AD / 1657 S' Birth of Ahalyabai.
The Queen of Indore, Ahalyabai was born. She installed the deity of Cainavihari by constructing a Kunja and Sadavrath on Caina or Ciraghata in Vrndavana.
1743 AD / 1635 S' Sawai Jaisingh, the King of Jaipur died
Since his rule the Kings of Jaipur began exerting their authority in various matters in Vrajamandala.
1744 AD / 1666 S' The Lauda Kingdom of Shrihatta was destroyed
At this time the descendents of Isana Nagara came to live in village Teota on the eastern bank of the Padma.
Chapter 4 MAYAPURA IN THE BED OF THE GANGES, TOTARAMA BABAJI IN NAVADVIPA, AND BHAGYACANDRASINHA THE KING OF MANIPURA
1747 AD/ 1669 S' Bhadra.
In the flood of Bhadra the house of Gauranga in old Manipur in the center of Navadvipa and most of the places associated with the pastimes of Gauranga sank in the Ganges. There was a locality named Brahmanapalli north of present Navadvipa and to the north of that, in Vaidika Palli, the house of Mahaprabhu was situated.
1747 AD/ 1669 S' Bhadra, Diety of Gauranga in Malancapada.
When the house of Gauranga and temple in old Mayapura sank in the Ganges the deity of Gauranga belonging to Vishnupriya was brought by the sevaits to Gosainapara west of Malancapada.
1748 AD/ 1670 S' End of the rule of Emperor Mahammad Shah
He was the last of the intelligent, generous and powerful Emperors of Delhi. During his rule Vrndavana was renovated and deities representing those shifted to Jaipur were installed.
1748-58 AD/ 1670-80 S' Birth of Nitaisundara Goswami
Certain descendents of the family of Suryadasa Pandita, the father of Vasu-Jahnava, were brought to Mudagrama from Amvika-Kalna by a wealty Kayastha disciple from Mudagrama, which is situated five miles north of Ketugrama police station under Katwa subdivision. A a deity of Radharamana was installed there. Exactly when this incident occurred cannot be stated precisely but very likely it occurred during the life of Nityananda Prabhu. The reason is that in this village a place called "Nityananda Tala" still exists as a holy place. It is said that Nityananda Prabhu visited this village and took rest there. The villagers ignored Nityananda thinking him insane, hence the village was cursed. In this family Nitaisundara Goswami was born between 1670 and 1680 Saka in Mudagrama. With the spirit of renunciation arising in him as a child he lived in Navadvipa for a brief period and then left for Vrndavana. After attaining "Siddhi" he returned to Mudagrama for a short period. At that time the Radharamana deity commanded him in the night to prepare rice bhoga. Since then the custom of offering rice to the deity is prevalant there. After staying for a short time in Mudagrama, Nitaisundara returned to Vrndavana. He practised bhajana sadhana at Dhira-Samira-Kunja, and was buried by the side of Gauridasa Pandita. Chaitanyacarana Goswami, the son of Gaurasundara Goswmami who was the elder brother of Nitaisundar, was a Vaksiddha. By his grace a leper of Gopa caste was healed. His descendents live in Mudhgrama and serve Radharamana with great care. The father of the author of this book (Vaishnava Digdarsami), Nandaulala Mahanta Thakura of the family of Syamadosa Thakura of Shrinivasa Acarya's line was the grandson (from daughter's side) of this Caintanyacarana Goswami. This Goswami family of Mudagrama descend from Gauridasa Pandita. Their tradition of Gurus or Gurupranati is as follows: Gauridasa Pandita, Vishnudasa Goswami, Anantacarya Goswami, Madhusundana Goswami, Ramacandra Goswami, Krishnacanrda Goswami, Vinodhamani Thakurani.
1750 AD 1672 S' Vaishnava royal family of Vanoyarivada
In Vanoyarivada in the district of Murshidabad, seven miles north west of Katwa, the first King Nityananda Dasa (weaver caste) of the royal family received the title of "Raja" from the Emperor Shah Alam and acquiring appropiate land grant and wealth set up his capital in Sonarnndigrama. He had three sons named Vanoyarideva, Govindadeva and Kisoradeva. Vanoyarideva named the captital after himself, "Vanoyarivada," and installed the deity Vanoyariji. He also decorated his capital with tala, tamala, Bhandira, and nikunja groves imitating Vrndavana. An example of such a devout Vaishnava royal family and the way they served the deity with love and grandeur was rarely found in those days and even later in Bengal. They recieved the grace of the descendents of Shrinivasa Acarya.
1572 AD/ 1674 S' Chaitanya Sinha, the last independent King of Vishnupura ascended the throne
1752 AD/ 1674 S' Shrimati Anandamayi Devi, who wrote the book "Harilila" was born in Japsagrama in Central Vikramapura
1572 AD/ 1674 S' Ahammad Shah defeated
Ahammad Shah, the Muslim commander of the Emperor of Delhi, was defeated while suppressing the Jat rebellion in Bharatpur and on his way back to Delhi perpetrated ruthless torture on the Hindu inhabitants of Mathura Mandala and looted the place.
1753-58 AD/ 1675-80 S' The Bhagirathi changes course
The Bhagirathi flowed on the West of Navadvipa untill 1675 Saka. From that year it began to flow toward the eastern side. For sometime the Bhagirath flowed on both the east and the west, but eventually its course became stronger on the east. The flow on the west came to be called as "Budiganga", "Bhagirathura Khata" or "Adiganga".
1755 AD/ 1676 S' Maghi Sukla Pancami, Visvanatha Cakravarti died in Vrndavana
1755 AD/ 1677 S' Mahesa, Jagannatha temple reconstructed
When the temple of Jagannatha at Mahesa sank in the Ganges, the present temple was built by Nayanacand Mallik, a resident of Pathuriaghata in Calcutta.
1755 AD/ 1677 S' Diety of Gauranga at Joflai
Padakarta, Jagadananda installed the deity of Gauranga in village Joflai under Dubarajapur police station in Birbhum district. Jagadananda was an ardent devotee of Mahaprabhu and recieving diksana of Gauranga in a dream composed two padas named "damindana" and "Gaurakalevara", and installed the deity of Gauranga in Joflai. He also constructed a lake named Gauranga-Sagara which bears a strange contribution of Jagadananda. The deity and the lake are still to be found in Joflai.
1757 AD/ 1679 S' The battle of Plassey
1758-62 AD/ 1680-84 S' Padakalpataru
The book Padamrta Samudra by Radhamohana Thakura has been mentioned earlier. Shortly after the compilation of this book his initated disciple Gokulananda Sen (Vaishnavadasa was his guru given name), a resident of Tean-Vaidyapur under Kandi subdivision in Murshidabad compiled book Padakalpataru comprised of padas of the above book as well as those composed by him and others. Vaishnavadasa was a famous Rasakirtaniya. He created a few new tunes. Krishna Kanta Majumdar (or Uddhavadasa by initiation) was a friend of Vaishnavadasa and hailed from the same village. He was also a notable Vaishnava and padakarta of that period.
1762 AD/ 1684 S' Totarama Dasa Babaji in Navadvipa
The famous scholar of Vrndavana, Totarama Dasa Babaji, visited Navadvipa at this time. His former name was Ramadasa Babaji. King Krishnacandra of Navadvipa gave him the name "Totarama Babaji". During this time the diety of Gauranga, which was formerrly worshiped by Vishnupriya, had no fixed temple. The deity was moved to different houses of various sevaits in Malanacapada. As some of the sevaits lived in Ramasitapada the diety had to come go to that area also. Totarama Babaji arranged for a "Kucca" (thatched roof) temple to be built for Lord Gauranga at "Mahaprabhu para," and established the rule that the sevaits should come there regularly and offer worship.
1762 AD/ 1684 Lala Dasa (alias Krishnadasa), the author of Bhaktimala, wrote Upasana Candramrtia
1763-68 AD/1685-90 Radhavallabhaju in Kandi
Radhakanta Sinha, the elder brother of the Dewan Gangagovinda Sinha, started the worship of the deity Radhavallabha after his own name in Kandi
1768 AD/ 1690 S' Birth of Siddha Caritanyadasa Babaji
Jagadavandhu was born as the only son of Vaidyanatha Ghosraya of Vangaja Kayastha caste, in Bhadragrama under Tangaila subdivision in Mymensingh district on the other bank of the Padma 12 miles northeast of Goalanda. In due course this Jagadvandhu became famous as the saint Siddha Caityanadasa Babaji. He lived in Navadvipa in the temple of Gauranga and worshipped him in Madhura Bhava.
1768 AD/ 1690 S' The big akhada of Navadvipa
This Akhada was set up in Navadvipa by Totarama Babaji. King Krishnacandra hated Vaishnavas and did not acknowledge Gauranga as Isvara nor as an avatara. The Brahmana Panditas of Navadvipa inflicted severe torture on Totarama. The Dewan Gangagovinda Sinha used to adore Totarama highly. He arranged for the building of the big Akhada for Babaji Mahasaya and the requisite patta landgrants to cover his expenses. After that niether the men of King Krishnacandra nor any Brahmana pandita of Navadvipa could harm him.
1772 AD/ 1694 S' Poet Jayanarayana Sen of Vikramapura and his niece Anandamayi Devi composed together a book of lyrics named "Harilila"
1774 AD/ 1696 S' The present temple of Radhavallabhaji of Hita Harivamsa in Vrndavana was built by a devout trader of Gujarat named Lalubhai
1774 AD/ 1696 S' Poet Mahipati of Maharashtra composed "Bhakti-Lilamrita"
1775 AD 1697 S' Birth of Lalababu
Krishnacandra Sinha (alias Lalababu), the grandson of Dewan Gangagovinda Sinha, was born in Kandi, the capital city in the Murshidabad district. He carried out royal duties for sometime, but at the age of thrity he went to Vrndavana in the garb of a beggar. At that time Vrndavana and the Vrayamandala was in a state of choas.
1775 AD/ 1697 S' Shripata at Varahanagar
About 3/4 miles north of Calcutta on the bank of the Ganges lies the Shripata of Raghunatha Bhagavatacarya in village Varahanagara. Vaishnava texts state that Sundarathakura of Chaitanya Sakha and Gopala Mahesa Pandita lived in this village. This Shripata was in ruins for a long time. Later, after recieving a command in a dream, Kaliprasad Cakavarti of Bagbajar Calcutta, who was a highly devout soul and a disciple of the Goswamis of Khaddaha, recovered this Pata and installed the deity of Gaura-Nitai on the spot close to the grave of Bhagavatacarya. This place of burial was discovered in a very strange manner. The deity of Jagannatha which was served by Kaliprasad Cakravarti in his own Bagbajar house was later brought to this pata. The anniversary of the day of Gauranga's visit is celebrated on the Phalgun Krishna Dvadasi day. Raghunatha Misra, a resident of Varahanagar, was an extraordinary scholar of Shrimad Bhagavatam. On his return from Ramakali at Varahanagar, Gauranga felt absorbed in Bhava while listening to the Bhagavata-recital by Raghunatha and gave him the title "Bhagavatacarya". Raghunatha also wrote Krishna-Prema-Tarangini.
1775 AD/ 1697 Maharaja Nandakumar at Malihati
Maharaja Nandakumar visited Malihati at the time of Radhamohana Prabhu's marriage, as Radhamohana was his Istadeva. Radhamohana was married to Ranithakurani, the daughter of Isanachandra Raya of Gopalapura. Maharaja Nandakumar bore the entire cost of this marriage celebration. At that time he also dug a lake in Malihati which was called Radharsagara and is still there. Afterwards, immediately before he was hung, Nandakumar visited Malhati on his way to Calcutta. During the Sraddha ceremony of Nandakumar's mother, Rajamohana became insulted for some reason, and went back to Bhadrapur from Malihati. Nandakumar came to Malihati on his way to Calcutta to apologise to his Guru. Prabhu did not meet him.
1778 AD/ 1700 S' Govardhana Dasa, a Gaudiya Vaishnava Padakarta and chief kirtana singer, passed away before the deity of Gokulacandra in Jaipur
1778 AD/ 1700 S' Caitra Sukla Navami, Death of Radhamohana
Remaining secluded in a solitary house for a fortnight absorbed in bhajan, Prabhu Radhamohana died in the midst of loud chanting of the holy name. At that time his two favourite attendants, Kalindi Dasa and Parana Dasa, returning to Malihati after repairing the dilipidated Kunja of Isvarijiu in Vrndavana. Along the way Radhamohana appeared before them in physical form and commanded them to celebrate the Mahotsava on Krishna Carturthi of Vaisakh. Radhamohana had no children. Within seven days of his death his wife also died. In the Patavali of Radhamohana at Malhati his death anniversary is regularly celebrated on Ramanavami day.
1779 AD/ 1701 S' Death of Jaya Govindadasa Vasu Candhuri, translator Sanatana Gosvami's Vrhadbhagavatamrita
1782 AD/ 1704 S' Death of Padakarta Jagadananada
On the fifth day of Asvin, Vamana Dvadasi, Padakarta Jagadananda died in Joflai village. His death anniversary is still celebrated there anually in a grand manner.
1783 AD/ 1705 S' Caityanadasa Babaji accepts sannyasa
As a boy of fifteen or sixteen, Jagadvandhu quietly left his home and went to Navadvipa wearing the garb of a beggar. There he took vesasraya, accepting the name Caityanadasa. He lived in the premises of the temple of Mahaprabhu in Navadvipa and always chanted names such as "Ha Vishnu Priyesa Gaura". After two years had passed he went to Vrndavana to meet his guru. He stayed in Vrndavana for 3-4 years then returned to Navadvipa.
1785 AD/ 1707 S' Translation of Ujjvala Nilamani
Shachinandana````@P@````PP@P°`° `@```š`@°°`°° @@P` ` P@ °P`0@````@`` P`@ `PPP```@`PP`°°°Ppppppp p````@@@@ppppp````````` P```` ```````````````_8Ȱ_Ȱ_娜粜娈粜が粞〼粞ぜ粞 Vidyanidhi of village Cankara near Guskara railway station in the district of Burdwan, translated in verse Ujjvala Nilamani of Rupa Goswami.
1786 AD/ 1708 S' Temple constructed for the Krishnaraya deity
A wealthy devotee from the Mallik family of Calcutta constructed a temple at Kancrapada for the Krishnaraya deity, which had formerly been installed by Shrinatha Pandita and served by Sivananda Sena. This temple is located at a distance of one mile from Kancrapada railway station in a place named Krishnapura. Kancrapada is the great center of Gaudiya Vaishnavas and the playground of great devotees such as Shrinatha Pandita, Sivananda Sena, Kavikarnapura, Shrikanta Sena, Shrirama Pandita, etc. It is a matter of great sorrow that no death anniversary of Sivananda Sena is celebrated there.
1788 AD/ 1710 S' The independent King of Manipur Bhagyacandra turns over his kingdom to the crown prince Lavamya Candra Sinha
The King of Manipur, Bhagyacandra, turned over the responsibilties of his kingdom to the crown prince Lavamya Candra Sinha. Thereafter he went to Navadvipa carrying the deity of Gauranga which was made from a Svapuadesa and his daughter Laivairi. At that that time Krishnacandra was the King of Navadvipa. He had no faith in Gauranga and for fear of him the Gauranga deity served by Vishnupriya was kept secretly buried under a well.
When Bhagyacandra Sinha, the King of Manipura, arrived there he openly installed his deity of Gauranga in Navadvipa and sent a message to King Krishnacandra allowing him to go ahead with his objections, if any. However, Krishnacandra befriended Bhagyacandra by expressing joy at the latter's serving Gauranga and arranged for the "Bandobast" of a land measuring 16 bigher for the construction of a temple on a nominal payment and named the place Manipura. Thus the Manipura Kunja was set up in Navadvipa. The Gauranga deity served by Vishnupriya was then lifted from the well and installed openly.
1792 AD/ 1714 S' Agrahayana, Mahaprabhu's birthplace discovered
Forty-five years after the birthplace of Mahaprabhu sank in the Ganges, Dewan Gangagovinda Sinha discovered the spot at Ramacandrapur after much investigation. There he constructed a large temple with a peak made of nine jewels and installed the deity of Radhavallabhaji. He planned to install the deity of Gauranga served by Vishnupriya, but could not execute it due to the opposition of the sevaits. Later this temple also sank in the Ganges.
1792 AD/ 1714 S' Chaitanya Carana Goswami in Midagrama.
Chaitanya Carana Gosvami was born in Mudagrama. He was the grandson of Gaurasundar Goswami and the son of Pancanan Goswami. Many people say that the miraculous powers of Caityana Carana are still present in Mudhgrama. Chaitanya Carana had three sons: Radhagovinda, Ganganaryana and Dalagovinda. He also had four daughters. The first daughter was married to the family of Thakuradasa Thakura, who was brought up by Jahnava, in Pata Kecunia. The second daughter was married in the Goswami family of Abhirama Thakura line in Gauripura, and the third was married to Krishnasundara Thakura, the grandfather of the author of this book, belonging to the family of Syamadasa Thakura in the line Shrinivasa Acarya, Pancatopi. Descendents of Radhagovinda and Gangarayana have been living in Midagrama and serving the deity of Radharamanadeva with great devotion. Gaurakisora Goswami, a Virakta Vaishnava and grandson of the first daughter of Chaitanya Carana still lives in Mudhgrama.
CHAPTER 5 SRI BHAGAVANADASA BABAJI, JAGANNATHADASA BABAJI, AND CAITANYADASA BABAJI
1792 AD/ 1714 S' Three disciples of Siddhakrishnadasa Babaji attain bhajana siddha
The three disciples of Siddhakrishnadasa Babaji of Cidiyakunja in Vrndavana; Bhagavandasa Babaji, Jagannathadasa Babaji and Chaitanyadasa Babaji, all attained Bhajanasiddha at one and the same time by practising three different bhavas. Although these three devotees followed different methods of worship, at heart they were one. Their chief place of lila was in Gandamandha and the present Vaishnava-world is full of descendents of their lines.
Bhagavanadasa Babaji was namanistha--he constantly chanted the holy name. He especially adored Vaishnava adharamrita. After practising bhajana sadhana for sometime in a hut on the bank of the Ganges in village Jasoda, which is the Shripata of Jagadisa Pandita, he went to Shripata Amvika Kalna and stayed there for the rest of his life. He died in 1885 AD. His grave and Nama Brahma Seva initated by him are there.
Jagannathadasa Babaji was a great Vidhinistha (sincere practitioner of rituals). Till the hour of his death he never failed for a day to perform the requisite rituals. At his command many Udasina pure devotees of Vrajamandala went to Gandamandala. Of these, Gaurakisoradasa Babaji is an ideal example of acute Vairagya and Krishnanuraga. Jagannatha dasa Babaji died in Navadvip on 14 Phalguna 1816 Saka, Monday Sukla Pratipada.
Caritanyadasa Babaji lived in the temple of Mahaprabhu in Navadvipa and served Vishnupriya Vallabha in Madhurya bhava. He used to dress up like a woman and always wore an expression of feminine shyness on his face. He died in Navadvipa in front of all singing loudly "My bhajana is over. I am the beloved wife of Gaura, and Gaura is my beloved husband".
1792 AD 1714 S' Caityanadasa Babaji and Bhagavata Bhusana.
Bhagavata Bhusana Thakura came from Jiret Balagada to Navadvipa and met Caityanadasa Babaji. At that time there was not a single sincere Gaura devotee like Bhagavata Bhusana to be found. His name was Ramalanu Mukhopadhyay. He was born in some village in Nadiya District. During his early youth Ramatanu recieved diksa in Gauramantra from his elder brother and then began preaching Gauranga-Dharma while living in his father-in-law's house in Ulagrama near Ranaghat. Being tortured by the anti-Vaishnava Saktas he was forced to abandon his stay in Ula and went to his brother-in-law's (sister's husband) house in Jiret Balagada. There he gathered a group of pure Gaura-devotees around him and began practising Gauranga-bhajana. When Bhagavata Bhusana met Chaitanyadasa in Navadvipa, they were immediately tied to one another by the rope of love. There they performed Gauranga-bhajana together.
Later Chaitanya dasa Babaji and Bhagavata Bhusana went to Jiret Balagada where they met Jiyada Nrsinha Thakura, whose very life was Gaura. This spirited devotee of Gauranga Mahaprabhu named Jiyada Nrsinha Thakura lived in Burdwan district. He had previously held a high post in the Judges Court of Burdwan, but after renouncing the world he became a devotee of such a superior quality that even Caityanadasa Babaji learned from him Gauranga-Bhajana in Nagari Bhava. The waves which arose from the union of Caityana dasa Babaji, Bhagavata Bhusana, and Jiyada Nrsinha Thakura flooded Jiret, Balagada, Navadvipa, Burdwan and practicaly the entire land of Radha with the premabhakti of Gauranga . Bhagavata Bhusana preached Gauranga Dharma and gave diksa in Gauramantra all over Bengal. Disciples of his line spread all over the land.
1793 AD/ 1715 S' Pyari and Sakhimata in Navadvipa
Pyari , the step-sister and a child widow of Chaitanyadasa Babaji, and her widowed sister-in-law, Sakhi, migrated to Navadvipa and took up the task of taking care of Babaji Mahasaya. They recieved diksa in gaura Mantra and began bhajana sadana. They lived by madhukari and from offered a part of that madhukari-alm to Babaji Mahasaya. In course of time, both of them reached the highest stage of Gauranga-bhajana.
1793 AD/ 1715 S' Poet Krishnacandra Dasa of Shrikhanda translated in verse the Vilapa-Krishnamanjali written by Raghunatha Dasa Goswami
1794 AD/ 1716 S' Padakarta Krishnaprasad Ghosh Laskara was born
1795 AD/ 1717 S' Devi Ahalyabai died at the age of 60 years
Information on her contributions in Vrndavana has been given earlier.
1795 AD/ 1717 S' Chaitanya Sinha, the last independent King of Vishnupura, mortgages the Madanamohana deity
Chaitanya Sinha, the last independent king of Vishnupura, became heavily burdened with debts for various reasons and kept Madanamohana Jiu in mortgage for more than one lakh rupees with Gokula Mitra of Bagbajar, Calcutta. He was never able to pay this debt off. Since then Madanamohana Jiu is in Baghbazar.
1797 AD/ 1719 S' Govinda Adhikari was born
Govinda Adhikari was born in Vairagi caste in the village Jangipada near Khanrakula Krishnanagara in Hugli district. He used to play the role of duti in dramatic performances.
1797 AD/ 1719 S' After the death of Krishnacandra, his son Sivacandra ascended the throne of Navadvipa
1803 AD/ 1725 S" Mathuramandal came under British rule
1803 AD/ 1725 S' Sravana, Anandacanda Siromani the writer of Suvala-Sanvada, Akrura-Sanvada, Kalanka-bhajana, Uddhava-Sandesa was born in Bhattapalli
1810 AD/ 1732 S' Krishnakamala Goswami was born
Krishnakamala Gosvami was born in Bhajanaghata in Nadiya district. He was a descendent of Sadasiva Kaviraja, an associate of Gauranga. At the age of seven Krishnakamala went with his father to Vrndavana where he studied Vyakarana etc. When he was thriteen years old he returned home and completed his studies in the tola of Navadvipa. There he played a role in the jatra "Nimai-Sannyasa", and charmed the people of Nadiya. After his father's death he came to live in Dhaka and wrote famous themes for jatra (folk theatre) entitled Svapna-vilasa, Vicitra-vilasa, Nanda-harana, Suvala-Sanvada, Rai-Unmadini etc. He was known in Dhaka by the name of "Bada Gosain.
1810 AD/ 1732 S' Lalababu's Kunja in Vrndavana
Lalababu came to Vrndavana and constructed a temple and an adjoining guest house at the cost of 25 lakh rupees. He also purchased a zamindari estate with an annual income of 24,000 rupees, and donated it to meet the expenses of the temple and the guest house. He installed deities of Krishna and Radhika in the temple inside the Kunja. This deity is the largest one in the all of Vrndavana.
1812 AD/ 1737 S' Temple in Khanakula
A wealthy devotee named Abhirama Thakura Pundarikaksa of
Madhavapura near Arambaga in the district of Hugli, constructed the present temple in Khanakula Krishnanagar of Gopinathajiu, who was formerly served by Abhirama Thakura.
1815 AD/ 1737 S' Biography of Jagadisa Pandita
After receiving a command from Mahaprabhu in a dream, poet Anandacandra Dasa wrote a biography of Jagadisa Pandita, an associate of Gauranga, entitled Jagadisa Pandita Carita. In the line of disciples he comes sixth of Jagadisa Pandita.
1818 AD/ 1740 S' Kartika Purnima, Birth of Krishnadasa Babaji
Krishnadasa Babaji, a disciple of Siddhacaityana dasa Babaji, was born in Navasakha varni caste near Phultala Bajara in Shrihatta district. His previous name was Shrikesava. From his childhood he was deeply devoted to Vaishnava Dharma and after marriage lived in the family till 30 years.
1819 AD/ 1741 S' Construction of the present temple of Govindadeva in Vrndavana
Nandakumara Vasu, a Vaishnava zamindar of Badugrama near Jayanagar in district 24 Parganas, constructed the present temple of Govindadeva in Vrndavana. To date various parts of this temple have been adorned with contributions from wealthy devotees from different parts of the country.
1821 AD/ 1743 S' Death of Lalababu
After receiving diksa from Krishnadasa Babaji, a great renounced Vaishnava of Govardahan, Lalababu lived beneath a tree and sustained himself on madhukari. On the road to Govardana he was kicked by a horse and died on the spot.
1823 AD/ 1745 S' Nandakumara Vasu, the zamindar of Badugrama in district 24 Parganas, built the present temple of Madanamohanaji in Vrndavana
1824 AD/ 1746 S' Death of the famous Vaishnava kings of Vanoyarivada
Vanoyarideva (alias Bada Hujura) and Kisoradeva (alias Chota Hijura) died. Their contributions to Vaisnavism in Vanoyarivada will always be remembered.
1826 AD/ 1748 S' Shrimati Ananda Kumari Devi, the Queen-in-chief of Jaipur constructed the present temple of Shriji in Vrndavana
1833 AD/ 1755 S' Caitra Sukla Trayodasi, Birth of Radharamana Caranadasa Deva
Radharamana Caranadasa Deva was born as the son of Mohancandra Ghosh and Kanaka Sundari Dist, belonging to a South Radhi Kulina Kayastha family, in the village Maliskhota under Nadaila subdivision in Jessore District. His parents gave him the name Raicarana Ghosh. He was first married to Svarnamayi Devi, the daughter of Mangalacandra Datta of Jayapasa village. He later married in village Ghodajhali in Faridpur dist. where he lived in his father-in-law's house and at this time he recieved diksa mantra from Jogendranath Bhattacarya of Mulagada in Khulna district. He worked for sometime as a naib (accountant) in the cutcherry of Mamndpur zamindari estate and then renounced home at the command recieved in a dream from Devi. On the bank of the river Sarayu in Ayodhya, he recieved the grace and diksa mantra from Siddha guru Sankaranya Puri whose former family name was Yogendranath Goswami from Khaddaha. Later he visited various holy places such as Vrindavana etc., and eventually arrived in Navadvipa. From there he went to Nilcala, where he practised bhajana sadhana for a very long. Later he he returned to Navadvipa. He recieved vesasraya from Gauraharidasa mahanta, a disciple of Siddha Jagamnatha Dasa Babaji, and took the name of "Shri Radharamana Caranadasa Babaji".
1835 AD/ 1757 S' Isvaracandra is born
The author of Hari-lila-Sikharini, poet Isvaracandra Munsi, was born in a respectable Saha family of village Muksudapura in Dhaka district. Krishna Kamala Gosvami was the teacher of Isavaracandra in the field of composing poems and music. The padavali book entitled Hari-lila-Sikharini written by Isvaracandra speaks of his immense love and devotion for RadhaKrishna.
1838 AD/ 1760 S' Pitamvara De, the author of Gitavali was born
Pitamvara De was born in the village of Jannbajara under Bolpur police ward in the district of Birbhum.
1838 AD/ 1760 S' Birth of Kedarnath Datta
Kedarnath Datta was born into the famous Kayasta, Datta family of Ramabagan, Calcutta was born. He held the position of a deputy Magistrate till an advanced age and simultaneously carried on studies of Bhaktisastra. He took diksa from Vipanavihari Gosvami of the family of Vamsivadana Thakura of Shripata Baghnapada. In the later years of his life he took vesasraya and accepted the name "Bhaktivinode Thakura." He had a number of initated disciples from various castes and creeds. After preaching Bhaktidharma and circulating a number of books on Bhakti he died in Calcutta in 1914 AD June. His name deserves special mention amongst those who have spread pure Bhaktidharma.
1838 AD/ 1760 S' Asadh, Vanoyarilala Sinji was born
Vanoyarilala Sinji was born in a North Radhu Kayastha family in Panctopi village under Kandi subdivision in Murshidbad district. He was the brightest scion of Radha and a great devotee. Early in his childhood he became inclined to renunciation. These feelings were enhanced when he had the association of Krishnadayala Candra, a skilled expert of Mahonarasthi Kirtana and a devout scholar of the same village. Later Vanoyarilala formed a Harivasara in own house, where pure devotees from his own village and neighbouring villages gathered. This led to a great upsurge of love throughout Radha. This great man took the vow of serving vaishnavas and guests . During his lifetime numerous udasina sadhu Vaishnavas from Vrajamandala, Nilacala, and Gaudamandala visited his house and performed spiritual practices under his roof. The relationship between Nandadulala Mahanta Thakura, the father of the writer of this book, and Vanoyalalala can be compared to the relationship which existed between Narottama Thakura and Ramacandra Kaviraja. The authors father left an example of how deeply he loved Vanoyari by dying in a strange manner in the holy house of Vanoyari nine years after the death of the latter.
1839 AD/ 1761 S' Shrivana Mahatma Sisir Ghosh
Sisir Ghosh was born in the respectable Kayastha zamindar family of Magura village as the son of Harinacayana Ghosh. Sisir Kumar was deeeply devoted to his mother and in order to perpetrate her memory he set up a market named "Aurtabajara", a post office, and a charitable school in his village, which were all named after his mother. Since that time this village is known as "Amrtabajara". Toward the early part of his spiritual life Sisir Kumar took Brahma dharma out of a deep love and a desperate seeking for God. Not being satisfied within a short period he accepted Vaishnava dharma as preached by Mahaprabhu and preached pure Vaishnava dharma profusely. Following the footsteps of the six Goswamis, Sisir Kumar became deeply absorved in tasting the premarasa of Krishna through Gopibhava. By writing Amiya-Nimai-carita in a simple language and interesting way, he explained to the people of the world the lila and tattva of Gaura-Govinda. Narahari Thakura's predictions were realised in Sisir Kumara.
1841 AD/ 1763 S' Birth of Vijayakrishna Goswami
Acarya Vijayakrishna was born as the son of Ananda Kisora Goswami in the family of Advaitacarya Prabhu in Santipura. Ananda Kisora was an extremely sincere devotee. Because he used to wash the wood used as fuel for cooking bhoga in Ganges water, people called him "lakdi dhoa Gosain". He went to Nilacala keeping the salagrama sila tied round his neck and offering Sastarga Pranama, thus taking one year to reach his destination.
1842 AD/ 1764 S' The grave of Lalababu was constructed in Vrndavana
No temple was built on the grave so that from the dust from the feet of Vrajavasis and Vaishnavas might fall on it; a simple brick platform was constructed.
1845 AD/ 1767 S' Jagadisvara Gupta, the author of Caityana lilamrta, was born in a vaidya family in Shrikhanda
1848 AD/ 1770 S Krishnadasa Babaji in Navadvipa
Living in the family for the 30 years of his life Krishnadasa now came to Navadvip and took diksa from Siddha Caityanadasa Babaji. On knowing that there was a married wife Babaji Mahasaya ordered Krishnadasa to return home where Krishnadasa practised Bhajana-sadhana for ten years more.
1848 AD/ 1770 S' Pandita Rasikamohana Vidyabhusana
Rasika Mohana was born in the family of Krishnapriya Devi, the second daughter of Shrinivasacarya Prabhu in Agrahayana in 1770 S'. Ramakrishna and Kumuda Cattaraja of Manipura the two brothers were the initated disciples of Acarya Prabhu. Chaitanya Cattaraja, the son of Kumuda, married Krishnapriya Devi. Rasikmohana's grandfather Pandita Anatarama Cattaraja was a landowner on Birbhum district. Rasikmohana studied Shrimad-bhagavata etc. and later took diksa from his scholary father. After studying various philosophies in Sanskrit college, Calcutta, he devoted his attention to Vaishnava-scriptures. He recieved the title of Vidyabhusana while studying Nyaya under Bhuvanamohana Vidyaratna, the famous Nyaya scholar of Navadvipa. By editing the famous Anandabajara, Patrika for 22 years continously he became well-known in the Vaishnava world. Later he became endeared to all Vaishnavas for his treaties on Gauragovinda lila and tattva such as Shriyaya Ramananda, Gambhiraya Shrigauranga, Svarupa Damodara, Shrikrishna-Madhuri, Shrimad dasa Goswami, Nilacale Vrajamadhuri etc.
1849 AD/ 1771 S' Nandadulala Mahanta Thakura was born
Nandadulala, the father of the author of this book, was born on the fifth day of Kartika in the Siddha Syamadasa Thakura family, belonging to the line of Shrinivasa Acarya, in village Pancatopi under Kandi subdivision in Murshidbad district. His mother Candramukhi Devi was the daughter of Siddha Chaitanyacarana Goswami of Suryadasa Pandita's family in Mudagrama. People called him "Mahanta Mahasaya" because of his association with Vaishnavas since childhood, acute Vairayya and deep attachment for spiritual studies. The ideal society for Vaishnavas which Vanoyarilala Sinju formed in Pancatopi was mainly the result of Mahanta's contributions.
1849 AD/ 1771 S' Radhakantajiu in Ariadaha
Madhusudana Mallik, a wealthy devotee from Calcutta installed the deity of Radhakanta in Shripata Ariadaha of Dasa Gadadhara, a close associate of Nityananda Prabhu. This Shripata is located six or seven miles north of Calcutta. Since then the descendents of his family have taken great care of this Shripata. The original deity of this Shripata was shifted about 80 years ago when the condition of this Shripata was miserable.
1850 AD/ 1772 S' Shripata of Mahesa Pandita moved to Palapada
When Masipura, the Shripata of Gopala Mahesa Pandita, sank in the Ganges the deity of Nitai-Gaura served by him was shifted to Beledanga. Later when this place also sunk into the Ganges, arrangements were made by Navakumara Cattopadhyaya of Palapada in Nadiya district to bring the deities there. Since then the Shripata of Mahesa Pandita is in Palapada. This place is one mile south of Cakadaha railway station. On Krishna Trayodasi day of Agrahayana the death anniversary of Mahesa Pandita is celebrated.
1851 AD/ 1773 S' Temple by Seths in Vrndavana
This huge temple was built at a cost of 45 lakh of rupees over a period of seven years. Gokuladasa Parakaji, the father of the seths of Vrndavana, was the treasurer of the Gowahor royal estate. In his later life Gokuladasa came to live in Mathura bringing along a vast amount of wealth. Since he had no issue, he adopted Manirama, the son of one of his employees, and passed on his entire wealth to him. The sons of Manirama, namely Radhakisana and Govindadasa quietly gave up their Jain faith and embraced Vaisnavism by taking diksa and began constructing this temple. On knowing this Lachmicand too took diksa in Vaishnava mantra and assisted his brothers in construction of this temple.
1853 AD/ 1775 S' Birth of Priyanatha Nandi
An unassuming sincere Gaura devotee Dr. Priyanath Nandi was born in a Kayastha family in Supalavahiradiya village in Khulna district. At the age of 30 years he came to Calcutta, where he became famous for his skill in the pracitse of medicine. A strange transformation occured in his spiritual life when he recieved the grace of Mahaprabhu miracously in 1907 AD in Gaya. On his return to Calcutta he set up the Shrisir Chaitanya tattva-pracarini Sabha in Calcutta with the cooperation of Sisir Kumara Ghosh with a view of preaching the pure Vaishnava dharma of the six goswamis. He published a periodical named Shrishri Krishna-Chaitanya tattva pracitcing Patrika through which he brought out sharp thoughtful reviews in strong language against "Upadharma and Avatara-Samasya" of the present days. His Vaishnava treatise' such as Vaishnavadharmera Suksmatattva, Diksa-mantra Rahasya, Diksa vicara are rare works nowadays from the standpoint of rationality and idealism.
1854 AD/ 1776 S' Birth of Sadhu Nityananda Dasa
Nityananda Dasa Babaji was born as Pulinavihari Mallik in the well known Mallik family of Kalutola, Calcutta in 1776 S'. Living a family life for forty years and after travelling in various holy places and meeting many saints he finally sought refuge at the feet of Radharamana Caranadasa Babaji. He took vesasraya and founded two seva-temples named "Shri Shri-Radharamana Sevasrama" and "Matrmandir" at Navadvipa for the service of Vaishnavas as commanded by his guru.
1854 AD 1776 S' Birth of Mahendra Sundara Thakura Gosvami
On the fifth day of Asadh, Mahendra Sundara Thakura Gosvami was born into a family which are descendants of Shrinivasa Acarya, in Shripata Malihati village under the Kandi subdivision in Murshidabad district. He is the Gurudeva of the author of this book. Mahendra Sundara Thakura stands tenth in the genealogical line from Shrinivasa; 1. Shrinivasa Acarya, 2. Gatigovinda Thakura, 3. Krishnaprasada Thakura, 4. Jagadananda Thakura, 5. Bhuvanamohana Thakura, 6. Krishnarata Thakura, 7. Caityana Harithakur, 8. Gaurasundara Thakur, 9. Krishnasundara Thakura, 10. Mahendrasundara Thakura.
1855 AD/ 1777 S' Deity of Jagannatha of Mahesa is stopped from visiting Mahesa
During the Rathayatra festival the deity of Jagannathadeva of Mahesa used to go to Vallabhapura from Mahesa. At this time some difference of opinion arose among the sevaits of the two Shripatas and hence Jagannathadevi's visit to Vallabhapura was stopped. Since that time the Jagannatha deity does not go to Vallabhapura any more.
1855 AD/ 1777 S' Death of Padakarta Krishnaprasada Ghosh Laskara
1856 AD/ 1779 S' Nathamandira constructed in Khanakula Krishnanagar
The fishermen of Hugli and Midnapore raised funds and constructed a nice Nathamandira in front of the temple of Gopinathji served by Abhirama Thakura in his Shripata Khanakula Krishnanagara. The descendents of the said fishermen repaired the Natamandala about 10/11 years ago.
1857 AD/ 1779 S' Rangamayi Dasi constructs a Ganjavati in Mahesa and installs the deity of Radharamana
As Jagannatha deva's visit to Vallabhapura was held up during Rathayatra due to the quarrel among the sevaits, Rangamayi Dasi, of the Mallik family of Pathuriaghata, constructed a Ganjavati in Mahesa and installed the deity of Radharamana there.
1857 AD/ 1779 S' The Sepoy Mutiny
CHAPTER 6 PREMANANDA BHARATI, RADHARAMANA CARANADASA BABAJI, VIJAYAKRSNA GOSVAMI, SISIRKUMARA GHOSH, PRABHU JAGAVANDHU, AND THAKURA HARANATHA
1857 AD/ 1779 S' Birth of Premananda Bharati
Premananda Bharati Thakura preached of Vaishnava Dharma in the Western countries. He was born in Calcutta and was known as Surendramatha Mukhopadhyaya. In 1902 AD he went to Europe and America after embracing Caityana-Sannyasa and there he preached the premadharma of Caityana Mahaprabhu. About 5000 men and women of America took diksa in Vaishnava dharma from him. He was the founder of Krishna Samaja in New York. He was the first among Indians to install a deity of Radhagovinda in the western countries. In 1909 AD he came to Calcutta accompanied by his four American devotees and preached Bhaktidharma. Krishnagopala Duggal, a disciple of his from Punjab, circulated a 6000 page book entitled "Shri shri Nimai Cand" in Urdu language.
1857-60 AD Birth of Radharamana Caranadasa
1857-60 AD Birth of Ramadasa Babaji
He lived in Faridpur district in his Purvasrama. Being spiritually inclined since his childhood he recieved the company of Prabhu Shri Jagavandhan (Jagadvandhu?) and on his coming to Navadvipa he surrendered himself at the feet of Radharamana Caranadasa Babaji and recieved the latters grace. His life was an ideal illustration of bachelorhood, simplicity and humility. With untiring efforts he carried out his Guru's command of delivering nama and prema in different parts of the counrty.
1857-60 AD Birth of Sadhu Nityananda Dasa
1857-60 AD Birth of Lailta Dasi
If this Vaishnava-sevika, who always kept her head covered, knew that her name has been brought out in a book, she would die of shyness. Radharamana Caranadasa commanded her to carry out Vaishnava sevana. If anyone is willing to learn how a Vaishnava should be served then that person should watch her activities. She is the watch gaurd of the grave of Radharamana Caranadasa in Navadvipa.
1857-60 AD Birth of Navadvipa Candra Dasa
Navadvip Candra Dasa formerly lived in East Bengal. When he first met Caranadasa Babaji in Navadvipa, he immediately surrendered to him upon first sight. This powerful premika, Navadvipa Candra, converted countless immoral persons who were attached to alcohol and prostitutes, pasanda and arrogant people to the path of Bhakti. An example of humanity whoever once spoke to him felt greatly attracted by "Navadvip Dasa". He died in 1902 AD in Asadh anavasya in Vrindavana.
1857-60 AD Birth of Atalavihari Dasa
His former name was Anathavandhu Dasa, B.A. of Bhowanipore, Calcutta. After meeting Caranadasa Babaji at Puri he never returned home. He has recorded upto the time of his finalbreath in Vrindavana how he died. He wrote a devotional book named "Prema-Sahacari".
1857-60 AD Birth of Shridhara dasa Babaji
His former name was Shripatinatha Raya Bhatta of Madhavapur in Midnapur dist. Feelinga of Vairagya and premabhakti arose in him when Caranadasa babaji embraced him when babaji was singing kirtana in Puri. One time Shridhara was laying in a forest in Vrndavana for some days without food. A beautiful Vraja maiden gave him a vessel of milk to drink and then disappeared. On Kartika 1321 B.E. he died in village Syamacaka in Midnapore district. His memorial grave has been constructed there.
1857-60 AD Birth of Govindadasa Babaji
His former name was Gauracarana Cakravarti. At present the oldest and senior most disciple of Caranadasa, Krishnananda Dasa Babaji, is the gaurd of the grave of Haridasa Thakura in Puri.
Krishnananda was formely a mayavadi sannyasi and did not accept avataravada. After a debate with Caranadasa Babaji he changed his views and accepted Vaishnava dharma.
Caranadasa died while traveling to preach in America with Premananda Bharati. The following is a list of names of some of the well-known disciples of Caranadasa: Sitaladasa Babaji, Chaitanya dasa Babaji, Sundarananda Dasa Babaji, Vasuantakumara Dasa Babaji, Kalakunja Dasa Babaji, Kusuma Manjari Babaji, Kisori Dasa, Nitya Svopimpa Brahmacari, Viharidasa Babaji, Visvanatha, Gadadhara Dasa Babaji, Premananda Dasa Babaji, Trivangadasa Babaji etc. Among his householder disciples Amulyadhana Rayabhatta of Panhatti Shripata has been collecting and publishing historical data on the biographies and lila of Gauranga and Gaurabhaktas.
1860 AD/ 1782 S' Birth of Maharaya Shri Manindra Candra Nandi
His name is associated with welfare activities in the fields of argriculture, industry, education, music, literature and religion. Every Gaudiya Vaishnava is aware of his unprecdented contribution to Vasniva Seva. He amazed his counrtymen by setting an unprecedented example of Vaisnavisa Seva and Visya-Vairagya by donating abundantly for causes such as preaching of Namadharma, making arrangements for the teaching and study of Vaishnava scriptures, arranging for the circulation and preservation of Vaishnava literatures, maintainence of Vaishnava Shripata and holy places, construction of Sevasrama in holy places to take care of sick and destitute Vaishnavas etc. It was due to his favour that Vaishnava darsima and Kavya were included in the syllabhus for the examination under the Calcutta Sanskrit Association, and titles of "Bhakti-tirtha" and Rasa-tirtha" introduced. Elite groups and Vaishnavas from all over India have admired his accomplishments and have awarded him titles such as "Gauda-rajarsi", Bharata-dharmabhusana", "Bhakti Sindhu", "Dharmaraya", "Vidya-ranjani" etc.
1860 AD/ 1782 S' Vesaraya by Krishnadas Babaji
After returning from Navadvipa, Krishnadasa performed spiritual practices in his home for ten years. After the death of his wife in 1265 B.E., he renounced home and visiting many holy places he took bheka from Dinafinadasa Babaji of Shrihatta on his way to Nilacala. After vesasraya his name became Krishnadasa Babaji.
1860 AD/ 1782 S' Jiyaji Sindhana, the King of Gwalior, constructs a temple in Vrndavana
Jiyaji kSindhana, the King of Gwalior, constructed a Thakuravadi (temple) in Vrndavana and donated it to his guru Girirdhari Dasa Brahmacari. Names of deities kept here are Nirtyagopala, Hansagopala and Radhagopala.
1865 AD/ 1787 S' Asadh 20, Birth of Haranatha Thakura
Pagala Haranatha Thakura was born in village Sonamukhi in Bankura district. This great man had supernatural powers and converted many atheists. He won the hearts of educated persons of various countries. His book "Thakura Haranathara Patravali". (Letters of Haranath) is a highly interesting book for Vaishnavas to read.
1866 AD/ 1787 S' Birth of Acyutacarana Tattvanidhi
This Vaishnava historian was born in Mainagrama near Kanaibajar in Shrihatta district. In his early youth he began writing Vaishnava literary works. He received Vaishnava titles such as "Gaura-Bhinsana", and "Bhakti-Sagara" and became well known in the Vaishnava world by regularly writing thoughtful articles in Vaishnava periodicals such as Shrivisnupriya, Sajyana-tosani etc. Later he wrote Shrinitai-lila-lahari, Bhakta-niryasa, Shriraghunatha Dasa Goswami, Gopalabhatta etc. He wrote many books on Vaishnava lila and tattva. He was awarded the title "Tattvanidhi" by the intellectual Goswami society of Vrndavana. The Government of India granted him an allowance of Rs. 25/ per month.
1867 AD/ 1789 S' Birth of Prabhupada Haridasa Goswami
On the thirteen day of Kartika he was born in the family of Padakarta Balarama Dasa, an associate of Nityananda, of Shripata Dogachia near Krishnanagar in the district of Nadiya. He was employed in a government job, thus he travelled and lived in various parts of India and recieved the company of many Vaishnavas. Later he retired from government service and visited Vrndavana and other holy places. Eventually he went to Navadvipa where he installed the deities of Vishnupriya Gauranga and Balagopala in 430 Chaitanyavda. Amongst the present day Vaishnavas who have been preaching Gauranga lila and tattva through publications of books and periodicals, he is the most influential. He has published about 49 big and small books on Gauranga lila and tattva, of these the Gauranga-Mahabratha is written elaborately based on rational arguments and is an unsurpassed work.
1867 AD/ 1789 S' Birth of Prabhupada Atulakrishna Goswami
A scion of the Gaudiya Vaishnava Samja, Atulakrishna, was born in the family of Nityananda Prabhu in in Simutra, Calcutta. His father, the late Mahendranath Goswami, was also a scholar in Bhaktisastra. Atulakrishna is known to every Gaudiya Vaishnava as a scholar in Shrimadbhagavata, Rasa and Bhaktisastra, and an orator and author of many works on Bhaktisastra.
1867 AD/ 1789 S' Birth of Rakhalananda Thakura
Rakhalananda Thakura was an ideal Gaurabhakta and a scholar in Rasa and Bhakti Sastra. He was born in the family of Raghunandana Thakura of Shrikhanda. He was the 13th in the genealogical line from Raghunandana e.g 1. Raghunandana, 2. Kanai, 3. Madanaraya, 4. Bhagavanacandra, 5. Ratikanta, 6. Pranavallabha, 7. Jayakrishna, 8. Kandarapananda, 9. Acytuananda, 10. Nrsinhananda, 11. Lalitananda, 12. Kesavananda, 13. Rakhalananda. It is a matter of great fortune for a Vaishnava to hear the recital of Caityana-Candramrita by this Gaura bhakta. He has arranged for the continous preaching of Gauranga-mantra by publishing Shri bhakti candrika of Narahari Sarkara Thakura with an elaborate commentary on the mantra of Mahaprabhu. He has also wtitten a number of books on Bhakti sastra and founded two orginasations in Shrikhanda named Catuspathi and Madhumati Samiti with the objective of carrying out study of old Vaishnava literary, philosophical works, smriti and Rasa-Bhakti sastra.
1867 AD/ 1789 S' Shrisarvananda Thakura is born
Shrisarvananda Thakura was born in in 1266 B.E. and died in 1318 B.E. Often avesa of Narahari Thakura was visible in the body of this devotee of Gauranga who was a scholar in Bhaktisastra. Preaching of Gauranga mantra and upasana was his lifes vow.
1871 AD/ 1792 S' Birth of Gauragunananda Thakur
Gauragunananda Thakura was one of the foremost Gaura devotees of Shrikhanda. He was born in 1288 B.E.(1871 AD). He published Shrikrishna bhajanamrtam of Narahari Sarkara and Bhagavad-Bhakti Sara Samnacarya and Narahari-Raghunandana Sakha Nirvaya by Lokanandacarya, a disciple of Narahari. He himself wrote a Gaura Padavali named Shrichaitanya Sangita.
1870 AD/ 1792 S' Birth of Dinavandhu Bhattacarya Kavyatirtha Vedantaratna
He was born in a western Vaidika Brahmana family in village Harisena under police station Gauranadi in Barisal district. He wrote a simple tika of Shrimadbhagavata as a result of his 12 years labour from 1303 B.E.(1896 AD) and published it. When he died in his Howrah house in 1317 B.E.(1900 AD) the task of editing the periodical Bhakti fell on his younger brother Dinescandra Bhattacarya Bhaktiratna.
1872 AD/ 1793 S' Vaisakh Sitanavami, Birth of Prabhu Jagadvandhu
Jagadvandhu was born as the son of Pandita Dinanath Nyayaratna and Vamadevi of Govindapura in Faridpur district, in village Dahapada near the capital of Mursidavad. To his disciples Prabhu Jagadvandhu is worshipped as "Shri shri chaitanya-abhinna Shrihari purusa"
1871 AD/ 1793 S' Tikari temple in Vrndavana
Indrajit Kumari, the queen of Tikari state in Gaya district, constructed this temple on the bank of the Jamuna in Vrndavana. Deities worshipped in this temple are Radhagopala, Laddugopala, and Radha Kisana.
1872 AD/ 1794 S' Vaisakh--The top of the temple built by Dewan Gangagovinda on the birth place of Mahaprabhu in Ramacandrapur came up from the river bed and again sank in the river Ganges in the next monsoon
1873 AD/ 1795 S' Vraja Kisora, the Dewan of Sahajahanapur, consrtucted a temple in Vrndavana for Radhagopala in Vrndavana at a cost of 5 lakh of rupees
1873 AD/ 1795 S' Birth of Bimala Prasad Datta
"Siddhanta-Sarasvati", the son of Kedarnath Datta Bhaktivinoda was born in Puri in 1795 S'. Being brought up in a devout Vaishnava family, Biamala was religiously inclined form his early youth. In course of time he took the vow of preaching Bhaktidharma among the people irrespective of caste and creed. He founded the "Gaudiya Matha" in Calcutta and Mathas at other places of Gaudamandala. By gathering and circulating many old Vaishnava literary works he and his followers earned the gratitude of Gaudiya Vaishnavas.
1873 AD/ 1795 S' Shripata at Candura
With the erosion of the banks of the Ganges, places such as Balibhanga, Sukhasagara, and Bedigrama sank. Thus the deities served by Jahnava mata, along with the deities served by Gopala Purusottama Thakura were shifted to village Candura. This pata has one diety of Krishna and two pairs of Radhakrishna. Of these one pair of Radhakrishna belonged to Purusottama Thakura and the rest to Jahnava. Candura is located near Cakdaha railway station.
1874 AD/ 1796 S' Krishna dasa Babaji goes to Vrndavana
After performing spiritual practices for fourteen years in Puri, Krishnadasa went to Vrindavana, where he continued his spiritual practice for another twenty-four years in Bharamaraghata, Lotana Kunja, and in the Asrama of Totarama Dasa Babaji.
1875 AD/ 1797 S' Birth of Vrajamohana Dasa Babaji
Vrajamohana Dasa Babaji was born in the Sinha family of Vatsya gotra of the northern part of Indesvara Pargana in Shrihatta district. His former name was Radha Kisora (alias Gajendra). After taking vesasraya he lived for a long time in Vrajadhama and he wrote a highly informative book entitled Vrajadarpana thus enabling every Vaishnava to have knowledge on Vrajamandala. Later he went to Navadvipa and wrote a highly scholarly book on Navadvipa giving historical and geographical data, and highlighting the birth place of Gaura.
1876 AD/ 1798 S' Nitai Dasa Vairagi and Dinanatha De restore the Shripata of Uddarana Datta at Saptagrama
With the death of Uddarana Datta, the state of his Shripata at Saptagrama deteriorated. At this time a devotee named Nitai Dasa Vairagi arranged, wih great difficulty, to get a donation of 12 bighas of land and the deity of Gopinatha was installed by Dinanatha De, a devotee from Begampur.
1880 AD/ 1802 S' Phalguna--Death of Anandacandra Siromani of Bhattapalli, the author of Suvala-saivad
1880 AD/ 1802 S' Birth of Madhusudandasa Adhikari Tattavaspati
Madhusudana Adhikari, the author of many books on Vaishnava lila and tattva and a qualified editor of Vaishnava-Sangini or Bhakti prabha, was born in the family of Rakhalananda Thakura in Alati-Pascimpada village under Arambag police station in Hugli district. One devotee from Western India named Raghava Acarya, belonging to the Shrisampradaya and hailing from Augirasa gotra, recieved the grace of Rasikanand Prabhu in Shripata Gopivallabhapura, on his way to Nilcala. He took diksa from him and received the name "Rakhalananda Thakura". He was instructed by his guru to go to Navadvipa. Thus he, his wife and infant son set out for Navadvipa as ordered. Along the way his wife died. Thus his infant son was left in the charge of a Vaishnava named Krishnadasa Mahanta of nearby Govardhanacaka. Rakhalananda spent the rest of his life performing Sadhana-bhajana in a hut at the crossing of villages Pascimpada and Govardhanacaka. This asrama is still famous by the name of "Vaishnava Gosainera Vagana," and every year his death anniversary is celebrated on Pansa Sankranti day. Madhusundara tattva Vacaspati is the eleventh in his genealogical line, e.g. Rakhalananda, Radhamohana, Gokulananda, Vanamali, Gopivallabha, Harivallabha, Vrajamohana, Goloka, Govinda, Gopala, Madhusudana.
1884 AD/ 1805 S' Birth of Mahanta Nandanandananadadeva Goswami
The present mahanta of Shripata Gopivallabhapuri of Syamananada Prabhu and Rasikananda deva, was born in Caitra 1805 S'. He is the eleventh mahanta in the line from Rasikanandadeva e.g. Rasikananda Deva, Radhananda Deva, Nayananda Deva, Paramananda Deva, Vrndavanananda Deva, Vaishnavananda Deva, Gokulananda Deva, Trivikramananda Deva, Ramakrishnananda Deva, Sarvesvarananda Deva, Nandadanananda Deva. This mahant, who is a strong willed, active encourager of learning, has been able, with the assistance of his able Dewan Padmalocana Dasa and the court-scholar Shridharacandra Bhaktaratna, to improve the condition of the pata and to publish and circulate various old Vaishnava books in the collection of the Shripata. He has acquired great admiration by reconstructing the ruined matha founded by Syamananda Prabhu in Mayapur in the center of Navadvipa and installing deities of Nitai Gaura there.
The mahantas of Shripata Gopivallabhpura under Jhagagrama subdivision in Midnapore district are being worshipped as Vaishnavas Raja Cakeravarti in Utkala for the last 400 years. The following deities are worshipped under their authority: Syamasundara in Sevakunja of Vrndavana, Radhasyamasundara in Radhakunda, Narasinha deva in Nandagrama, Syamaraya in Varsana, Rasikaraya in Kunjamatha-Puri, Ksiracora Gopinatha Madhavendra Pirira Siddhasrama Matha in Remuna, Samadhi matha in Kuntoyali, Vinodaraya in Ramagovindapura in Mayurbhanj, Samadhi matha of Syamananda Prabhu in Kanpura, Syamasundara in Jaipur, Radhasyama in Kutch, Gauranga Mahaprabhu in Tamralipta, Madanamohana on Narajola, Radhadamodara in Palasapaira, etc.(more than a hundred mathas and deities). Eighteen royal families from Mayufbhanj, Nilagiri, Lalagadha, Ramagadha, Dhalabhuna, Narasinhagada, Keonjhada, Koptopadagada, Gadhamangalpura, Manoharapura, Tirkagadha, Khaguraigadha, Kulatikari, Khadui, Mayanagadha, Sujamutha and old Tamaralipta. In addition, more than a hundred thousand zamindar families, and more than a hundred thousand brahmana and Ksatriya families remain disciples in this line. The Syamanandi Sampradaya is the predominant group in the present Vaishnava world.
1885 AD/ 1807 S' Death of Siddha Bhagavan Dasa Babaji
Siddha Bhagavan Dasa Babaji died at Shripata Amvika Kalna on Asvin Krishnastami day. There his memorial grave and deity of "Namabrahma" still remain.
1885 AD/ 1807 S' Shripata Akaihata of Gopala Kalakrishnadasa is shifted to Kandi village
As the condition of Shripata Akaihata of Gopala Kalakrishnadasa slowly deteriorated, the dieties of Radhavallabha and Gopala served by Krishnadasa were shifted to the house of a mahanta in Kandi village. The mahantas of Kandi village were disciples of Sevaita Sitananath Goswami of Akaihata Shripata. Kandi is about seven miles from Kaicara railway station on Burdwan Katwa.
1888 AD/ 1809 S' 12 Magh--Krishna Kamala Goswami, the author of Raiunmadini etc, died on the bank of the Ganges in Chinsurah
1889 AD/ 1811 S' Astasakhira Temple constructed in Vrndavana
The King and Queen of Hetamapura in Birbhum district constructed the Astaskhira Kunja near Madanamohana Temple in Vrndavana and installed the deity of Radharasavihari. Deities of eight sakhis of 1 1/2 cubic feet high stand on both sides of the main dieties.
1889 AD/ 1811 S' Bankimcandra wrote Krishnacaritra
1891 AD/ 1813 S' Circulation of Navadvipa-Mahima
Kanticandra Radhi circulated a history book of Navadvipa named Navadvipa-Mahima. Kanticandra was born in Navadvipa in 1253 B.E.(1846 AD). He became the head master of Bali High School, and practicing as a mukhtar in Hugli he died in 1321 B.E.
1893 AD/ 1815 S' Krishnadasa Babaji returns to Navadvipa
After living and doing spiritual practices in Vrajamandala for twenty-four years, Krishnadasa Babaji returned to Chaitanyadasa Babaji, the guru of his Purvasrama at Navadvipa. Under the order of his guru, Krishnadasa spent seven years at Shrikhanad doing Sadhana-Bhajana. Afterwards he returned to Navadvip and did spiritual practice in the hut of Siddha Jagannatha Dasa Babaji at Navadvipa. After some time, at the command of his guru, he left for Vrndavana on foot.
1893 AD/ 1815 S' Vaisakh--A new temple of Radharamana built at Mudagrama
When the old temple of Radharamanadeva, which belonged to the Gosvamis of Suryadasa Pandita's family, collapsed at Mudagrama the deity remained for sometime in a humble hut. The father of the writer of this book, Nandadulala Mahanta Thakura, constructed the present temple and installed the deity in it after performing a three-day festival.
1893 AD/ 1815 S' Mianpur declared as the birthplace of Mahaprabhu
Shri Navadvipa-dhama-pracarini-sabha declared the Muslim locality of Mianpur (or Mianpada) near Navadvipa as the birth site of Mahaprabhu known as Mayapur. Kedaranath Datta Bhaktivinoda-the Deputy Magistrate of Nadiya, Mahendranatha Bhattacarya Vidyaranya, Nafaracandra Palacandhuri, etc, all highly placed royal employees and powerful zamindars led this sabha. Common people considered the decisions announced by these leaders to be infallible while those who found fault with the actions of these leaders dared not protest. Kanticandra Radhi published his book in protest named "Navadvip-tattva" and circulated it among the common people. It is heard that a consultative meeting was held under the leadership of Pandita Madanagopala Prabhu and there it was held that this Mianpur is not Mayapur. It is further heard that while digging was carried out at this spot (Mianpur) for the foundation of the temple, bones were found from the Muslim graves.
1895 AD/ 1817 S' Mathapura in Navadvipa is declared Madhaipura and Jagai-Madhai-Uddhara seva begins
Old Mathapura (or Matapura) in Navadvipa was declared as Madhaipura and there Jagai-Madhri-Uddhara seva was started. It is heard that this is not the real spot where Jagai and Madhai were liberated.
1895 AD/ 1816 S' Jagannatha dasa Babaji passes away
On Phalguni Sukla pratipada, at 8.45 AM Jagannathadasa Babaji passed away in Navadvipa.
1897 AD/ 1819 S' Death of Maharani Svarnamayee of Kasimbajar
She was born in Bhatikula village in Burdwan district. At the age of eleven she was married to Krishnanatha, the Maharaja of Kasimbajar and became widowed at the age of eighteen. She constructed a temple by the side of the river Jamuna in Vrndavana where she installed the deity of Gopinatha.
1898 AD/ 1820 S' Vipina Bihari Goswami writes Dasamula Rasa
Vipina Bihari, of the Vamsivadana Thakura family of Shripata Bughuapada, wrote a highly thoughtful Vaishnava biography entitled Dasamula Rasa. He was born on the Shrivana Sukla Navami day in 1820 Saka. At a young age became well versed in six darsanas and scriptures such as Bhagavata etc. Later he took diksa from Yajnesvara Goswami Prabhu. In the holy company of siddha Bhagavana Dasa Babaji at Shripata Amvika-Kalna he acquired premabhakti. In 1803 S' he wrote a unique bhakti work entitled "Shri shri Harinamamrta-Sindhu" and dedicated it to Mahalacand Bahadur, the King of Burdwan. He wrote many bhakti books such as Madhura Milana, Shriharibhakitarangini etc.
1898 AD/ 1821 S' Death of Vijayakrishna Gosvami
Vijayakrishna Gosvami died on Jaistho Krishnavadasi in Nilacala. As instructed by him, he was buried in a charming spot on the vast northern expanse of Narendra-Sarovara. Later a beautiful temple was constructed on his burial place.
1900 AD/ 1821 S' Magha--Balarama Mallik pushes the Suvarna-vanik community to maintain Saptagrama Shripata nicely
In the beginning of Magh, at the initative of Balarama Mallik, the former sub-judge of Hooghly, a large gathering of the members of the Suvarna Vanik caste was held with the object of improving the Saptagrama Shripata of Gopala Uddharana Datta Thakura. In this meeting arrangements were made for the smooth running of the service of this Shripata.
1903 AD/ 1825 S' Tarakabrahma Goswami started Radhamadhava seva at the South of the present Shrivasaigrama This seva is carried out with great care.
1903 AD/ 1827 S' Death of Radharamna Carana Dasa Babaji
On the thirteenth day of Phalguni, Sukla Dvitya, Radharamana Carana Dasa Babaji died (1312 B.E.) in Navadvipa. There daily worship is offered at his memorial temple.
1903 AD/ 1825 S' Kalidasa Natha, who published books such as Jagadananda Padavali,Jayanandera Caityana-Mangala etc. and edited Vaishnava periodicals, died.
1905 AD/ 1827 S' 8 Paus--Vaishnava Padakarta Navincandra Dasa of Godda area of Santhal Pargana district, died.
1906 AD/ 1828 S' Radharamana Baga was established at Shrivas anganapada at Navadvipa by Radharamana Caranadasa Babaji.
1907 AD/ 1828 S' Death of Vanoyarilal Singh
On Phalguni Krishna Trtiya, Vanoyarilala Singh died in his house while chanting Hare Krishna. The house of Sinhaji at Pancatopi is still a Vaishnava pilgrimage-center. Tribhangadasa Babaji, a beloved disciple of Radharamana Carana dasa Babaji, resided here and carried on the tradition as before with the help of Vijayakisora.
1906 AD/ 1828 S' Nitya Kinkara Sil, constructs a temple of Namabrahma at Shripata Saptagrama
Nitya Kinkara, a resident of Candannagara in the district of Hugli, constructed a Namabrahma Temple at Shripata Saptagrama of Gopala Uddharana Datta Thakura. Inside the temple he installed stone-carvings showing Nama-Mahamantra of the four Yugas.
1911 AD/ 1833 S' Pratapacandra Goswami started Sonara Gauranga temple at Shrinivasanganapada at Navadvipa
1911 AD/ 1833 S' Death of Sisir Kumara Ghosh
On the twenty-sixth of Paus 1317 B.E.(1911) at 1.30 PM, Sisirkumara Ghosh died at his Bagbajar, Calcutta house in a fully concious state of mind.
1911 AD /1833 S' Substitute diety of Govindadeva installed in Vrndavana
When the original deity of Govindadeva was shifted to Jaipur during the reign of Auranzeb, a substitute deity was installed in Vrndavana. When this latter deity became defective in Caitra 1911 AD then a second substitute deity, the present one, was installed.
1911 AD /1833 S' Foundition of the Gaudiya Vaishnava Sommilani
In Vaisakh, the present organization of the Gaudiya Vaishnava Sammilani was founded at the propasal of Prabhupada Atulakrishna Goswami of Calcutta. This was carried out by the initative of Vamacarya Vasu, Parescandra Datta, Matilal Ghosh, Rasikamohana Vidyabhusana, Jatindranatha Roychowdury etc., with the patronage of Manindra Candra Nandi, the Maharaja of Kasimbazar. On 14 Vaisakh the first session of this organization was held at the Calcutta palace of the Maharaja of Kasimbazar. Parescandra Datta, an advocate of Howrah, was its first secretary. Later activities of this Sammilani were entrusted to Balailala Mallik, Bhagavatakumara Sastri, Rasamaya Mitra, Amylacarana Vidyabatakumara, Kisorimohana, Bhagavatarana arkara, Atulakrishna Goswami etc.
1914 AD/ 1836 S' Kunjavihari Goswami starts Radhasyama Kunda and Pancatattva at Mahaprabhupada in Navadvipa
1914 AD/ 1836 S' Premananda Bharati died in June
1915 AD/ 1837 S' Gaurakisora Dasa Babaji died on Utthana Ekadashi, on the premises of Radharamana Dharmasala in Navadvipa
1914 AD/ 1837 S' Pratapacandra Goswami starts the seva of Shridharaunga at Shrivasagangrapada in Navadvipa
1916 AD/ 1837 S' Death of Nandadulala Mahanta Thakura
In Maghi, Krishna Pancami, Nandadulala Mahanta Thakura, the father of the writer of this book, died in strange circumstances in his house of Vanoyarilal Sinhaji.
1915 AD/ 1837 S' Temple built at Shripata Khanakula Krishnanagara
Shrimati Suvarani Dasi of Uvidapura cemented the Siddhavakula Kunja and built a small temple on it at Shripata Khanakula Krishnanagara of Abhirama Thakura. Abhirama Thakura came to this Shripata he first of all sat beneath this Vakula tree.
1916 AD/ 1838 S' Madho Singh, the King of Jaipur built a huge temple in Vrndavana and installed the deities of Radhamadhava, Nityagopala etc.
1919 AD/ 1840 S' Death of Krishnadasa Babaji
While in Vrndavana Krishnadasa heard of the death of his Guru Siddha Chaitanya Dasa Babaji and thereafter returned to Navadvipa. He remained there for sometime taking care of the temple and samadhi of his guru. In Paus, Sukla Dvitya, he died at 102 years old.
1919 AD/ 1841 S' Nandadulala's temple collapsed and a new temple was built
28 Vaisakh. The old temple of the deity of Nandadulala served by Bhaiya Devakinandana of Kisoranagara near Taki in district 24 Parganas, collasped and the present temple was then built to accommodate the deity.
1919 AD/ 1841 S' Death of Lalitamohana Datta
On the twenty-ninth of Asvin, Lalitamohana Datta, an old devotee from Kisoranagara near Taki and an ideal householder Vaishnava devotee, died at the age of 89 years while singing Harinama aloud.
1920 AD /1841 S' Death of Pandita Rasavihara Sankhya Tirtha
In Caitra, Pandita Rasavihara Sankhya Tirtha of Baharampura, died. He had assisted Pandita Ramanarayana Vidyaratna and stayed under the shelter of the Maharaja of Kasimabazar. and published many Vaishnava books. He was especially learned in the Vaishnava Sastra.
1924 AD/ 1845 S' Pubhlishing of Premamrta Sindhu
An old book named Premamrta Sindhu was published from "Bhakti Prabha" office. This book was written in 1712 Saka by one devotee maned Krishnadasa. This book gives some information on Syamadasa Acarya Thakura of Advaita Acarya's line. Descendents of this Syamadasa now live in the villages of Matasara, Bijura, Bhaita, Navagrama, Palasita, etc,, in the district of Burdwan. This Syamadasa was Maikundala Sakhi in Vrajalila and was one of the 64 mahantas.