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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Chronology of Gaudiya Vaishnavism > 1a. 1014 to 1485 AD Detail




1014 AD / 936 S'      Appearance of Ramanuja Swami, the founder of the Shri Sampradaya


          The founder of the Ramanuja or Shri Sampradaya, Ramanuja Swami was born in Peramvudur village, a distance of 14 krosa from Madras, on Thrusday Sukla pancami Ciatra, 936 Sakabda (1014 AD.)  Kesavacarya was his father's name and Kantidevi was his mother.  Vaishnavas belonging to this sampradaya worship Laksmi Narayana including all their incarnations, either in individual or in dual forms.  The characteristics of their tilaka mark are two parallel upward lines which rise up from the tip of the nose to the hairline, with a straight line joining the two edges and in between the two upward lines, an additional yellow or red painted line.  They wear a necklace of Tulasi or padma-bija (lotus seed) beads.  They accept Bhagavata, Varaha, Garuda, Padma, Naradiya and Vishnu Puranas as authentic and the rest of the Puranas are not accepted.  Deities worshipped by this sect are found in holy places such as Puri in Orissa (Jagannatha), Badrinatha in the Himalayas, Shri Rangam in South India (Ranganatha), Balaji in Tirupati, Ramanatha, Dvaraka, etc.  This sect is predominant in South India.



1018 AD / 940 S'      Mathura-mandala looted by Muslims


          When Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Mathura, the Deities were hidden in forests, wells, rivers, lakes or under the earth.  The holy place was completely destroyed due to fear of Muslims and dacoits.  Vraja-mandala was deserted for so long that it became covered by forests.



1053 AD / 975 S'      Ancestors of Uddharana Datta Thakura migrated to Vanga and settled there


          Bhavesa Datta, the ancestor of Uddharana Datta Thakura, (Subahu sakha in Vraja-lila) migrated from Ayodhya to the bank of the Brahmaputra in Bangadesa and settled in Suvarnagrama for the purpose of trade and commerce.  There he married Bhagyavati, the sister of Kanjilala Dhara.  The poet Umapati Dhara, the son of Kanjilala, was a member of the royal court of the king of Gauda, Laksmana Sena.  The son of Bhavesa Datta, Shri Krishna Datta, was a well known pandita and wrote a commentary of Jayadeva's Gitagovinda entitled Ganga.


1058-1098 AD / 980-1020 S'  Establishment of the doctrine of Ramanuja Swami


          As commanded by his new guru Yamuna-muni, Ramanuja established his Visistadvaita-vada, opposing the Advaita philsophy of Sankaracarya.  At that time Ramanuja was living at Shrirangam near Trichinapally.  In 1013 S' he installed the Deity of Narayana, but due to his dislike for the Siva worshiping Cola king, he moved to the Hosala kingdom.  There he converted and initiated the king Vitideva (Vishnuvardhana). Among the numerous books of Ramanuja, the most important ones are his commentaries on Vednata-Sutra, Bhagavad Gita and Vedanta-dipa.  Great spiritual autorities have described Ramanuja as the incarnation of Laksmana.  All the characteristics of Lakmana were manifest in the personality of Ramanuja.



1100-1130 AD / 1022-1052 S'   Rise of poet Jayadeva Thakura


          Jayadeva lived in the village of Kenduli (Or Kendurilva) on the bank of the river Ajaya in the district of Virbhum. During his early life he became a mendicant and left for Nikrula where he was forced by the svapnadesa (comand given in a dream) of Jagannatha deva, to marry a brahmana girl.  He settled into family life in the village of Kendurilva where he composed his famous poetical work Gita Govinda.  IN the tenth canto of this work, a portion of one verse "dehi padapallava mudarai" was composed and inserted by Lord Krishna Himself.  Every year in the month of Paus a festival is held in Kendurilva in memory of Jayadeva.  Jayadeva was the best poet in the royal court of Laksmana Sena, the king of Gauda.



1174 AD / 1096 S'   Renovation of the temple of Jagannatha at Puri


          The king of Orissa, Anangabhima, renovated the present Jagannatha temple of Puri.



1199 AD / 1121 S'    Rise of Madhvacarya, the founder of the                                Madhvacari or Brahma Sampradaya


          Madhvacarya was born in the village Kalyanapuram in Rulava in mid-Daksina-patha.  His father's name was Madheji Bhatta.






1208 AD / 1130 S'     Madhavacarya's embracing sannyasa


          Madhvacarya took sannyasa from one acarya named Acyuta-praca born of Sanada family.



1218-1228 AD / 1140-1150 S'  The original Deity of Krishna was

                                               installed at the math of Udupi


          Madhvacarya installed one Deity of Krishna at Udupi and started three mathas; Udupi, Subrahmanya and Madhyatala, which all have one salagrama sila.  The Deity of Krishna in Udupi is child Krishna holding manthapasa--Radharani is not accompanying Him.  It is said that this is the original Deity of Krishna which Arjuna installed at Dwaraka.  When Dwaraka was flooded by the sea, this Deity disappeared.  At a much later date one boat full of Hari-candana became stuck in the river near Udupi.  In his meditation Madhvacarya  came to know of this and he arranged to rescue that Deity and installed it at Upupi matha.  The town of Udupi is located in Tulava of South India on the bank of the river Papanasini, a distance of three miles from the sea.  This matha is very well known throughout the South.

          The Udasina acaryas of the Madhavacarya sect give up their sacred thread, accept the staff and kamandalu, shave their heads and wear a simple piece of ochre cloth.  The tilaka marks worn by them are almost the same as those worn by the Shri Sampradaya, the only difference is that instead of the red or yellow line, they use a straight line of ash and at the final point of the line use a round yellow mark.  They accept Vishnu as Bhagavan, the root cause of the universe and because they recognize the individual identity of the jiva and that of Bhagavan, they are called dvaita-vadis.  Along with the Deity of Krishna, the deities of Siva, Durga and Ganesh are worshiped in their temples.


Lineage from Madhvacarya to Gauranga


1.  Madhvacarya  2. Padmanabha  3. Narahari  4. Aksobhya

5. Jayatirtha  6. Jnanasindhu  7. Mahanidhi  8. Vidyanidhi 9. Rajendra  10. Jayadharma  11. Purusottama  12. Brahmana 13. Vyasatirtha  14. Laksmipati  15. Madhavendra Puri  16. Isvarapuri  17. Shri Krishna Chaitanya



1260 AD / 1182 S'   Rise of Bopadeva Gosvami


          Bopadeva, a disciple of Dhanesvara Pandita, was the son of Kesava Kaviraja and the foremost pandita in the court of King Himadri at Devagiri (at present Daulatabad).  Bopadeva wrote many books of which Mugdha-bodha, Mukta-phala, Hari-lila and Kama-dhenu are the most well known.

1276 AD / 1198 S'   Installation of the Madana Mohana Deity

                                      at Shripatha Santra


          In the district of Balasore in the village of Santra, near Bhadraka, a devotee named Yasodanandana Nyayalankara installed the Deity of Madana Mohana.  One His way to Vrndavana, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu stayed with Ramananda at this temple for five days.  The temple is situated on the bank of the river Kalindi and the ghat where Mahaprabhu bathed is still known as Gauranga-ghat.  At that time Ganga-narayana Vacaspati, a descendant of the above mentioned Yasodanandana, was the sevaite of the Deity.  Shri Chaitanya mahaprabhu showered His grace upon Ganganarayana by giving His own cloth to the latter.  That piece of cloth is still being preserved in the temple there.  Every year on the the day of Hora pancami, on the occasion of the disappearance anniversary of Ganganarayana Thakura, this piece of cloth is taken out.  Santia is almost four miles away from Bhadraka.



1276 AD / 1198 S'   Disappearance of Madhavacarya








1299 AD / 1221 S'   Birth of Ramananda


          Ramananda, the founder of the Ramanandi or Ramait Sampradaya, was born at Prayaga. His father was Punya-sadana (a brahmana from Kanyakubja/ Kanauj) and his mother Sudila. This sampradaya is a branch of the Ramunja Sampradaya and is more prominent in North India.  The Deities worshipped by the Ramanandis are Ramacandra and Sitadevi.  The tilak mark worn by this group is similar to that worn by the Ramanujas, only the former changes slightly the size and color of the upward straight line in the center.  The three chief disciples of Ramananda namely Kabir, Raidasa and Sena formed three separate offshoot sampradayas.



1374 AD / 1296 S'   Birth of poet Vidyapati


          Vidyapati was born in the village of Visaphi or Visapi in the Mithila area.  This village is on the bank of the river Kamala in the center of jaraila pargana of Sitamari Mahakuma.  His father Ganapati Thakura (a brahmana) was the author of Ganga-bhakti Tarangini.  Vidyapati was appointed a member of the royal court of king Siva Sinha and in course of time was awarded two titles, `Kavi-ranjana' and `Kavi-kantha-hara.'  Vidyapati was a handsome man, possessing a good voice.  He enjoyed a long life and passed away in the village of Sahitavajitaphra.  The Padavali composed by Vidyapati are world famous.


1383 AD / 1305 S'    Birth of Candidasa, the Pada-karta


          Candidasa was born in Nannura village in the district of Virbhum, fifteen miles from Ahmadpur railway station on the loop line.  His father was a brahmana named Bhavani-carana and his mother was Bhairavi-sundari.  In his own village Candidasa's father was a priest of the deity Visalaksi. Candidasa inherited this duty in his childhood. In course of time Visalaksi devi gave diksa to Candidasa with Radha-krishna mantra and as a result he practised his sadhana in Gopi-bhava. Candidasa was a bachelor. Ramamani or Rami, the daughter of a couple named Sanatana and Laksmi of the washerman occupation in village Tahai about six miles away from Nannura, was the companion of Candidasa in his worship (bhajana-sangini). When Siva Sinha, the king of Mithila, came to visit the kingdom of Gauda, Vidyapati accompanied him and met Candidasa.




1401 AD / 1323 S'    Endowment of Bisaphi village to  Vidyapati


          In the year which the king of Mithila Siva Sinha ascended the throne, he endowed Vidyapati with Bisaphi village.  The descendants of Vidyapati have now left this village and migrated to the village of Saurata.



1410 AD / 1332 S'   Disappearance of Ramananda



1420 AD / 1342 S'  Installation of the Jagannatha Deity at                               Mahesh


          A certain Udasina devotee named Dhruvananda installed Deities of Jagannath, Subhadra and Balarama at Mahesa. While having darsana of the original Deity in Puri, Dhruvananda felt a strong desire to feed the Deities offerings which he had personally prepared, but the pandas (priests) would not allow it. As Dhruvananda lay on the seashore filled with sorrow, Jagannatha-deva appeared to him in a dream. Comforting him the Lord commanded Dhruvananda to clear the forest land on the bank of the Bhagirathi in Mahesa village, build a house and wait. Dhruvananda did as instructed and later he again received a command in a dream.  Following the command, Dhruvananda found three Deities floating in the Ganges and installed them. In his old age, after receiving another order in his dream, Dhruvananda handed over the responsibility of serving the Deities to Kamalakara Pippalai, whereupon he passed away.


          1433 AD / 1355 S'   Padavali of Candidasa


          Candidasa completed his padavali, comprising 996 items.






          1434 AD / 1355 S'   Bright fortnight saptami of Magha, birth                                  Advaita Acarya


          Advaita was born in the village of Landa in the district of Sylhet.  His father Kuvera Acarya was a Varendra brahmana of Bharadvaja gotra and a minister of the king Divyasinha. Advaita's mother was Nabha devi. As a youth he was known as Kamalaksa Acarya. After his birth at Landa, Advaita lived for some time in Navagrama in Sylhet district and later migrated to Santipura. He had two wives, Sita and Shri, and five sons named Acyuta, Krishnamisra, Balarama, Gopala and Jagadisa. The tilaka mark worn by the Vaishnavas descending from the Advaita family is in the shape of a banyan leaf. Advaita Prabhu was the avatara of Sadasiva Mahavisnu.



          1440 AD / 1362 S'   Birth of Kabir, the founder of the Kabir                                   panthi sampradaya


          Bhaktamala states that with the blessings of Ramananda, Kabir was born in the womb of a brahmana child widow. When the infant was abandoned quietly, a weaver found him and brought him up as his own child. The followers of Kabir worship Vishnu as Supreme above all other gods and goddesses. The mahantas of his line wear a cap on their head. They use tilaka mark of sandal or Gopi-candana on their nose and a tulasi mala around their neck and a rosary (japa) of tulasi mala. Kabir was the chief disciple of Ramananda.



          1441 AD / 1363 S'    Birth of Saci Mata


          Saci Mata was born in the village of Jayapura in Sylhet district. Her father was Nilambara Cakravarti who was a reknowned professor of Navadvipa, contemporary to Ramacandra Siddhanta Vagisa. Nilambara Cakravarti lived in the area called Belapukhuriapada in Navadvipa. He had two sons named Yajnesvara and Hiranya as well as two daughters. In Vrajalila Sacidevi was Yasomati Mata.  Nilambara Cakravarti was Sumukha Gopala in Vrajalila. The name of Saci's mother was Vilasini and she was Jatila in Vrajalila.



          1449 AD / 1371 S'    Birth of Yavana Haridasa Thakura


          He was born in Satakhira village in Khulna district. His father was Sumati Thakura and his mother was Gauri devi. When Haridasa Thakura was six months old his father died followed by his mother. A Muslim neighbor brought this baby up and hence he is called `Yavana Haridasa'. Haridasa was a follower of Advaita. The Shripatha of Haridasa Thakura lies in two places: in Budhana village and in Kulinagrama close to Memari railway station within Burdwan district. In the latter place there is a wooden deity of his measuring one and a half cubic feet. Haridasa was Prahlada in Purva-lila. According to Jayananda, the writer of Chaitanya Mangal, Haridasa Thakura's mother's name was Ujjala, his father's name was Manohara, and he lived in the village Bhat Kalayachi on the bank of Svarnanadi.



          1451 AD / 1373 S' Accession of Bahlul Lodi to the throne of                             Delhi



          1455 AD / 1377 S'   Advaita Acarya's meeting with Vidyapati


          Advaita acarya on his pilgrimage reached Mithila. On his way he heard an aged brahmana sweetly singing Krishna lila kirtana beneath a tree. Speaking to the old man, he learned that the singer was Vidyapati. Shri Advaita was charmed by his unique poetic talent, sweet language and prema.



1458-1463 AD / 1380-1385 S'   Birth of Shridhara Thakura


          In Vrajalila Shridhara Thakura was Citralekha Sakhi. A neighbor of Mahaprabhu, he lived in the locality of the weaver community. He belonged to the brahmana caste, although some say to the grahacarya sect of brahmanas. Shridhara Thakura earned his livelihood by selling different parts of the banana tree. He was a great Vaishnava; day and night he chanted Krishna-nama aloud. Mahaprabhu used to play with him daily in the market by pulling his banana trunk boat.



1465 AD / 1387 S'   Birth of Gangadhara Bhattacarya, the father of Shrinivasacarya


          In the village of Cakandi in Nadiya district about 6 or 7 miles southeast of Katwa, Gangadhara was born. Seeing Mahaprabhu as a sannyasi, he became as though mentally derranged. Continuously for days thereafter he chanted the name `Chaitanya', hence people called him `Chaitanya-dasa'. He was married to Laksmi devi the daughter of Balaramacharya of Jajigrama near Katwa. Shrinivasacarya, the premavatara of Mahaprabhu, was the son of this couple.


1469 AD / 1391 S'   Beginning of the rule of Purusottama Deva, king of Orissa.

1470 AD / 1392 S'    Birth of Murari Gupta



          Murari Gupta had his house in Sylhet but to carry out his profession as a physician he lived in Navadvipa. He was a neighbor of Jagannatha Misra. Murari used to read Yoga-vasistha and since he believed in the doctrine of undifferentiated relationship (abheda-jnana) between Bhagavan and jiva, Nimai as a child taunted him. Later this Murari Gupta wrote the Balya-lila of Nimai which is well known as Murarina Karca. Murari in Shri Ramalila was Hanuman.


1470-1471 AD / 1392-1393 S'   Birth of Mukunda Sarkara Thakura at Shrikhanda


          His father Nara-narayan was a vaidya by caste. Mukunda was the family physician of the Badshah (king) of Gauda. After his father's death Mukunda went to Gauda, leaving his younger brother Narahari to study in Navadwipa. Gradually Narahari, followed by Mukunda, surrendered at the feet of Gauranga at Navadvipa. In Vrajalila Mukunda was Vrindadevi. His son was Raghunandana Thakura, the Madanavatara.


1473 AD   The book, Shrikrishna Vijaya, was begun


          Maladhara Vasu Gunaraja Khan, the grandfather of Vasu Ramananda, an associate of Gauranga, resident of Kulinagrama near Memari in Burdwan district, began translation of Shrimad Bhagavata in Bengali. The translation of this poetic work (Bhagavatam) is called Shrikrishna Vijaya.


1473 AD / 1395 S'   Birth of Nityananda Prabhu


          He was born in the ancient village of Ekcakra near Mallarapura railway station in Virbhum district of Radha-desa. His father was a Radhi brahmana, Shri Mukunda or Hado Ojha and his mother was Padmavati Devi. He was Balarama in Vrajalila. Mukunda Ojha and Padmavati were Vasudeva and Rohini respectively in Vrajalila.


1474 AD / 1396 S'   Birth of Hita Harivamsa


          Hita Harivamsa was the founder of the Radha Vallabhi Sampradaya. His father was Vyasamisra, a Gauda brahmana of the Kasyapa gotra, and his mother was Taradevi. Vyasamisra was employed in royal duty under the Emperor of Delhi and he used to live in the village Vada near Mathura. Hita Harivamsa wrote a Sanskrit book called Radha Sudha Nidhi and a few Hindi books such as Seva Sadhivani, etc. Vaishnavas following the sect founded by him practice worship based on Kisori-bhajana and Kama-sadhana. This group has many wealthy followers in Gujarat, Delhi and Bombay.

1475 AD / 1397 S'   Birth of Visvarupa


          Visvarupa was the elder brother of Gauranga Mahaprabhu. He accepted the sannyasa mantra at the age of 16, renouncing the world.  In sannyasa life his name was `Sankaranya-puri'.



1476 AD / 1398 S'   Birth of Gopala Shri Sundarananda Thakura


          He was Sudama Sakha in Vrajalila. Sundarananda was a great premika and was foremost among the associates of Nityananda Prabhu. By his potency a Kadamba flower was made to blossom on a star-apple (jambra) tree. He used to catch crocodiles from the Ganges bed in a state of deep ecstacy. His disciples used to catch tigers and after chanting Hari-nama in the ears of the wild animals, they would release the beasts. 

          Sundarananda's Shripatha is in Mahesapura in Jessore district, a distance of 14 miles east of Majdia station on the East Bengal railway. His birthplace is the only old relic remaining as the Gosvamis of Sayadabad have shifted the deity of Radha-vallabha installed by Sundarananda. The present wooden deity was installed according to Svapnadesa. Sundarananda was a bachelor; descendants of his cousin's family are still alive.



1478 AD / 1400 S'   Birth of Narahari Sarkara Thakura at Shrikhanda


          He was Madhumati Sakhi of Radhika in Vrajalila. During his period of study in Navadvipa he met Gauranga. Surrendering his all at the feet of Gauranga, he began worshipping Him in Nagari-bhava. He identified Lord Gauranga, who was always engaged in kirtana, as the yellow complexioned yugavatara. And because the Gauranga mantra was not prevalent, he began worship of Gauranga with a new Kisora-Gauranga mantra.

          After receiving svapnadesa (divine command in a dream), Daityari and Kansari Ghosh, two residents of village Kulaiin in Burdwan district, made three wooden images of Gauranga from the neem tree grown at their own house and presented them to Narahari Thakura who was their guru. Narahari installed the deities thus: the smallest one in his own house at Shrikhanda, the medium one in Ganganagar and the biggest one in Katwa. Narahari had a desire in his later life to worship Gaura-Vishnupriya jointly by making a deity of Vishnupriya. His desire was never fulfilled, although at his command Raghunandana Thakura (or according to some Kanai Thakura) installed the murti of Vishnupriya. A deity of Nityananda was also installed at Shrikhanda, but it cannot be stated precisely by whom or when.

          Narahari composed short padas related to Gauranga-lila and from these originated Gaura-Candrika. Narahari pined to widely propogate Gauranga lila by writing it down in detail. His disciples Locana dasa Thakura, the writer of Chaitanya Mangal, and poet Vasudeva Ghosh fulfilled his desire to a certain extent. Sarkara Thakura himself wrote Bhakti-Chandrika, Krishna-Bhajanamrta, Chaitanya-Sahasra-nama, Namamrta-Samudra and Bhavanamrta. In Bhakti-candrika he discussed Gaura mantra and seva. He made many disciples through Gaura mantra. Narahari used to practise bhajana in a forest area named Badadanga, south of Shrikhanda.

          While Narahari was staying at Nilacala, a reputed scholar named Lokanandacarya approached Mahaprabhu and declared proudly that if anyone was able to defeat him in a debate then he would instantly take diksa from the winner. At the command of Mahaprabhu Narahari defeated him in a debate and immediately Lokananda took initiation from Narahari.  This Lokanandacarya later wrote a unique book entitled Bhaktisara-Samuccaya.


          1478 AD / 1400 S'   Birth of Gopala Abhirama Thakura


          He was Shridama sakha in Krishna lila and Bharata in Ramalila. He is also known as Rama, Ramadasa and Rama-sundara. The name of his wife was Malati devi. The Abhirama-Lilamrita says that both he and his wife joined Gauranga-lila of kaliyuga immediately after leaving Vrndavana without taking any other birth. But according to Bhaktiratnakara he had been born in a brahmana family and married the daughter of a brahmana.

          Abhirama had a strong personality. No one was able to tolerate the pranama offered by him. Everyone would shatter to pieces upon receiving his pranama, except Salagrama Sila and the truly divine deities. He would always carry a whip knamed 'Jaya-mangala' and whoever received a lash from it would receive prema. Detailed accounts are available from the two books Abhirama-Lilamrita and Abhirama Patala.

          His Shripatha is in Khanakula Krishnagar, district Hooghly, sub-division Arambhag, post office Langulpada, nine miles from Caupadanga station on Howrah Amta light railway. The deities of Gopinatha, Abhirama Thakura, Madana Mohana, Balarama, and Vrajavallabha are there in the Shripatha. The deity of Abhirama in a dance posture is also worshiped on a special occasion celebrated on Krishna-saptami of the month of Caitra.



1479 AD / 1401 S'   Birth of Vallabhacarya, the founder of Rudra or Vallabhacari sampradaya


          His father was a Tailangi (Andhra Pradesh) brahmana named Laksmana-bhatta of Vishnuswami sampradaya. He was born in Campakaranya near Varanasi. It is said that Shri Krishna gave him darsana and commanded him to propogate the seva of Bala-gopala. When the deity of Govardhana-natha, previously discovered by Madhavendra Puri, was brought to Natha-dvara at Udaipur in 1668 AD this deity came to be known as Shrinathaji-natha. This holy place and the deity constitute the foremost pilgrimage center of followers of this sampradaya. They have, in addition, six other maths in Kota, Varanasi, Surat, Kamyavana, Mathura and Gokula.         These Vaishnavas are extremely comfort-loving and attached to material wealth. They wear their tilaka mark as follows: drawing two parallel upward lines on the forehead at the nosetip they join the lines with a curved line and put a red tilaka in between the two lines. They greet one another by saying `Shri-krishna' or `Jaya-gopala'. During the later part of his life, Vallabhacarya came to Mahaprabhu at Nilacala and took diksa in Kisora-Gopala mantra from Gadadhara pandita.



1479 AD / 1401 S'   Installation of the Gopala deity at Govardhana


          Madhavendra Puri discovered the deity of Gopala in the forest near the lake Manasa-ganga near Govardhana at Vraja-mandala and installed Him in a hut which he built on the top of the hill. Shripad Isvara-puri, the diksa-guru of Gauranga Prabhu, Advaita Prabhu and Nityananda Prabhu, were disciples of Madhavendra Puri. Madhavendra once went to the South to fetch sandal for the deity; on his way back when he came to the temple of Gopinathaji at Remuna, the deity hid a vessel of Ksira in His clothes for Madhavendra and since then this deity is called `Ksira-cora Gopinatha.' Then after receiving svapnadesa Madhavendra Puri returned to Govardhana.



1480 AD / 1402 S'   Completion of the book Shri Krishna Vijaya by Maladhara Vasu of Kulinagrama



1481 AD / 1403 S'   Birth of Gopala Uddharana Datta Thakura 


          He was Subahu sakha in Vrajalila. His father was Shrikara Datta, his mother Bhadravati, his caste suvarna-vanik (jeweler). Uddharana Datta was the diwan (chief officer) of Nairaja (ruler) of village Naihati or Navahatta two miles north of Katwa. There is a locality named Uddharana-pura, the abode of Datta Thakura, near Naihati. The deity of Nitai Gaura, once installed by Datta Thakura in this Shripatha, is currently at the palace of Banayarivada, four miles west. Every year a fair is held during Mukara samkranti in the memory of Mahaprabhu's visit to Uddharana-pura where the Nitai-Gaura deities are brought on this occassion.

          Another shripatha is in Saptagram or Satgai, district Hooghly, nine and a half miles west of Trisabigha station on E.I. railway. Deities of six-armed Mahaprabhu, Nityananda and Gauranga are there in the shripatha.



1482 AD / 1404 S'   Beginning of the rule of Jalaluddin Fateh Shah, the king of Gauda



1482 AD / 1404 S'  Birth of Sanatana Gosvami


          He was Labanga-manjari in Vrajalila. Sanatana and Rupa Gosvami were from a South Indian brahmana family that had migrated to Bengal. Their great-grandfather, Padmanabha migrated and settled at Naihati near Katwa in Bengal. His grandson Kumaradeva built two houses, one in Bakla Candradvipa in Barisal district and one in Fateyabad in Jessore district.  Kumaradeva lived in both places. Sanatana, Rupa and their brother Vallabha (Anupama) used to live in the famous place, Ramakeli, near present Malda, the capitol of Gauda.

          The king of Gauda, Hussain Shah, discovered their talents and appointed Sanatana as chief minister and Rupa as his assistant and gave them the title Dabira Khas and Sakara Mallik respectively. The younger brother of the famous Vasudeva Sarvabhauma of Navadvipa named Shrila Vidya-vacaspati was their diksa-guru. Mahaprabhu sent them to Vrndavana, ordering them to uncover the holy spots and to write scriptures. First Rupa, then Sanatana went to Vrndavana. Before each of them departed Mahaprabhu kept Rupa at Prayaga, then Sanatana at Kasi, for a short time. Empowering them, he taught them the basic tattva (truths) of dharma (religion). As a result, they wrote many works on bhakti and rasa sastra and on revealed deities.

          Works of Sanatan Goswami are 1. Haribhakti Vilasa (jointly with Gopala Bhatta) 2. Bhagavatamrta 3. Dasama-Carita 4. Rasamaya Kalika 5. Vaishnava-tosini-tika 6. Dik-Pradarsanitika. In addition he composed many lyrical pieces on rasa-kirtana.



1484 AD / 1406 S'   Jagannatha Misra and Sacimata visit Sylhet to meet the former's parents



1485 AD / 1406 S' In Magha Sacimata conceives Gauranga





1485 AD / 1406 S'   Caitra sukla pancami--birth of Gopala Dhananjaya Pandita


          He was Vasudama Sakha in Vrajalila. His place of birth was in Jadagram in Chittagong district. His father was Shripati Bandopadhyaya, his mother Kalindi Devi, wife Haripriya. In his youth he renounced the world and followed Mahaprabhu. He preached Harinama while living in the villages Sitala and Saneda-paneda in Burdwan district.  Later he left for Vrndavana. On his return from Vrndavana he started seva of the deity in the village Jalandi about 8 to 10 miles from Bolpur station in Virbhum district and again back at Sitalagrama started seva prakasa of Gauranga deva. He passed away there and his samadhi is there.

          His shripatha is in Sitalagrama, district Burdwan, near Katwa Mahakuma P.O. and railway station Kaicara. The deities installed there are Gopinatha, Damodara and Nitai Gaura. On the 14th of Magha his disappearance anniversary is celebrated at his shripatha and also at Saneda-paneda of district Burdwan, 6 miles south of Memari station.



1485 AD / Asadh 1407 S'   Saci in a state of pregnancy returns to Navadvipa with Jagannatha Misra.



1485 AD / 1407 S' Nityananda Prabhu renounces home


          An ascetic visited Nityananda's father's house and took Nityananda along with him as bhiksa. The ascetic took Nityananda up to Bakresvara and then disappeared.



1485 AD / 1407 S'   Birth of Gopala Gauridasa Pandit


          Subala sakha in Vrajalila, his father was Kamsari Misra, a Radhiya brahmana of Saligrama near Navadvipa.  Gauridasa's mother had six sons: Damodara, Jagannatha, Suryadasa, Gauridasa, Krishnadasa and Nrsimha Chaitanya. All of them became associates of Nityananda Prabhu. Gauridasa came to stay in Ambika-kalna and married Bimaladevi there. Before embracing sannyasa on his return from Santipur, Mahaprabhu empowered Gauridasa by giving him an oar of a boat. This oar and a Gita copied by Mahaprabhu in his own hands are still preserved in this shripatha. After sannyasa while staying at Advaita's house, Mahaprabhu came with Nityananda to Gauridasa's home and installed Nitai Gaura deity there. Acyutananda, the son of Advaita acarya, worshipped this deity with the ten-lettered Gopal mantra as commanded by his father.

          The shripatha of Suryadasa Pandita is very close to that of Gauridasa Pandit. Suryadasa's two daughters Vasudha and Jahnava were married to Nityananda. Kalna is a mahakuma of Burdwan district.



1485 AD / 1407 S' Birth of Rupa Goswami


          He was Shrirupa manjari in Vrajalila. Details are given with Sanatana Gosvami's birth.

          Books of Rupa are as follows: Ujjvala Nilamani, Bhakti-rasamrta sindhu, Laghu-bhagavatamrta, ShriKrishna ganoddesa-dipika, Lalita-madhava, Vidagdha-madhava, Danakeli-kaumudi, Hari-bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, Shrirupa cintamani, Premendu-sagara, Premendu-karika, Stavamala, Uddhava-vedanta, etc.



          1485 AD / 1407 S' Birth of Lokanatha Gosvami


          Manjulali manjari in Vrajalila, he was the son of Padmanabha Cakravarti of village Talakhadi in Jessore district who was a disciple of Advaita Acarya. Lokanatha was a mantra sisya of Advaita Acarya and studied Bhagavata at Santipur with Gadadhara Pandita. Shortly before Mahaprabhu's sannyasa, at His order, Lokanatha went to Vrndavana accompanied by Bhugarba Gosvami and later Lokanatha gave diksa to Narottama Thakura.



1485 AD / 1407 S'   Marriage of Hita-Harivamsa, the founder Radhavallabhi sampradaya, with Rukmini