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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Chandrodaya Nataka

Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya Chandrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Lord Shri Chaitanya

Act One Svanandavesah

The Entrance of His Bliss

Translated by Kushkratha dasa


Dramatis Personae (in order of appearance)


Sutradhara, the play's producer-director

Pariparsika, his assistant

Kali, the age of quarrel


Shri Krishna Chaitanya, the Supreme Personality of godhead (also Shri Chaitanya, Deva, Bhagavan, Visvambhara, and Mahaprabhu)

Advaita Acarya, incarnation of Lord Maha-Vishnu

Shrivasa Pandita, incarnation of Narada Muni

Suklambara, a devotee

Gadadhara, a devotee


Narada Muni, a great demigod-sage

Snataka, a servant of Narada

Krishna, the role of Krishna in a play

Krishna's Friends, in a play

Buffoon, Krishna's friend in a play

Kusumasava, Krishna's friend in a play

Some Devotees

Gangadasa, a devotee


Murari Gupta, a devotee

Vakresvara Pandita, a devotee

Mukunda, a devotee

Jagadananda Pandita, a devotee

Damodara, a devotee

Haridasa Thakura, a devotee

Pundarika Vidyanidhi, a devotee

Acaryaratna, a devotee

Nityananda, incarnation of Lord Balarama

Cowherd boys


Some People

Residents of Navadvipa


The Ocean

Gopinatha Acarya, brother of Sarvabhauma

Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, famous scholar in Jagannatha Puri

Candanesvara, son of Sarvabhauma

Sarvabhauma's Disciples

Two servants

King Prataparudra, ruler of Orissa

A Brahmana

Ramananda Raya, a devotee

Mallabhatta, minister of the king of Karnataka

Servants of Lord Jagannatha

Kasi Misra, a devotee

Tulasi Misra, superintendent of the temple

Residents of Jagannatha Puri

Paramananda Puri, a sannyasi devotee

Damodara Svarupa, a sannyasi devotee

Govinda, servant of Lord Chaitanya

Brahmananda Bharati, a sannyasi devotee

A Messenger

Raghava Pandita, a devotee

Kinnara Man

Men bringing news


Gandharva, servant of Advaita

Sivananda Sena, a devotee

Shrikanta, a devotee

Palace Guard



Saci, mother of Lord Chaitanya

Devotional service


Love of God

Shri Radha, the role of Radha in a play

Radha's Friends, in a play

Jarati, the mother-in-law of Radha in a play

Lalita, friend of Radha in a play

Bhagini, a friend of Saci

Ganga, the Ganges River

Kinnara woman

Queens of King Prataparudra


Act One

Introduction (Nandi sloka)


Its nine new candrakanta jewels of devotional service eclipsing Kuvera's lily, lotus, conch and other treasures, and its arrows of light wounding the cakravaka bird of Kali-yuga, may the moon of Lord Gaura destroy the darkness of the world.

1.       Sutradhara: Enough with these pompous words! Listen.  Today, as, like kajjala-splendid sapphires scattered by sea waves on the shore, like a great forest of many-leafed tamala trees seen from a cave of Nilacala mountain, and like an intoxicated elephant playing deep in a banyan forest, Lord Jagannatha went on procession to Gundica, and as the entire universe became filled with jubilant calls of "jaya! jaya!" from mouths of men in every direction, and as blissful-hearted devotees filled the directions with a tumult of bhagavat-kirtana, and as women filled the directions with shouts of joy, and as there was a deafening tumult of sweet mrdangas, vigorous, patahas, mahapanas, panavas, many dakkas and dakkaras, and deep bheris, bhankrtis, and dundubhis, I was suddenly approached by Lord Jagannatha's servant, King Prataparudra, whose heart was wounded by the disappearance of Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya, and who said to me:

2.       "O playwright, here is the same all-powerful Lord Jagannatha.  Here is the same Rathayatra festival.  Here is the same Gundica temple.  Here are the same pilgrims come from all directions to see the Lord.  Here is the same garden that eclipses the beauties of Nandanandana.  Still, without Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu I think everything here is a desert.

3.       "To please me, write a sweet, beautiful play fragrant with the virtues of affectionate Lord Chaitanya, the best of sannyasis.

4.       "Except for our friends' words or a play filled with His qualities we have no way to bear the pain of not seeing our dear Lord."

          I must do it.

5.       This is wonderful.  Visible everywhere, the smokeless fire of cosmic destruction delights the saintly devotees and burns the locust demons.  Fearing the fire's heart would burn it, at the time of creation the Lord put many coverings around the universe.

6.       The king was once like that fire.  Although at first the form of great chivalrous power, gradually increasing love for the Lord plunged the king into an ocean of peace and washed away all passion and ignorance.  Knowledge made him the personification of peace.  Now in his heart he no longer desires material things.

7.       Shaking all doubts and thus making this life a success, for the king's good I will now present this play named Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya (The Moonrise of Shri Chaitanya), which destroys the darkness of ignorance in the heart, and which was written by the poet Paramananda Kavi-karnapura, to whom the Lord was kind and who is the son of Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya's dear associate Sivananda Sena.

8.       (Looking ahead) Oh! Oh! Here! Here!

          Pariparsika: (enters)) O great one! Wonderful! Wonderful!

9        Sutradhara: O gentle one, what is it?

          Pariparsvika: In the bliss of blissful Lord Jagannatha's Rathayatra some unhappy men are crying as if they think the world is a cauldron of darkness.  They said:

10.     "This is the same Rathayatra of Lord Jagannatha, the tilaka mark of Nilacala.  These are the same newly-blossoming gardens.  This is the same glorious path.  Still, my eyes burn as if consumed by a fever's flames.  My mind breaks as if attacked by demons' words.  My body suffers as if my heart were wounded."

          Tell me:  What is the secret meaning of these words?

11      Sutradhara: Gentle one, you are fortunate.  By seeing the great devotees, who deliver the entire world, your eyes have become perfect.

12      Pariparsvika: Master, who are they?

          Sutradhara: The dear associates of Shri Krishna Chaitanya

13      Pariparsvika: Who is Chaitanya Gosvami?

          Sutradhara: Gentle one, to not have heard the name Chaitanya Mahaprabhu you must even now be staying in your mother's womb.  Listen.

14-15  Its wonderful root the great sage Madhavendra Puri, the crest jewel of sannyasis, its new sprout Shrila Advaita, who is famous in the three worlds, its first branch Avadhuta Nityananda, its other branches Shriman Vakresvara Pandita and other sweet devotees, its flower blossoming devotional service, its fruit sincere love, its highest branches breaking through the boundaries of the material worlds and providing a place for the nest of the two playful birds Radha and Krishna to stay without ever being separated, and its shade a resting-place for they who travel on the path of repeated birth and death, the Chaitanya kalpa-druma tree grows on this earth to fulfil the devotees' desires.

16      Pariparsvika: Master, why has this incarnation, whose purpose is far from what ordinary people can guess, come?

17      Sutradhara: Gentle one, listen.  To teach the many activities of devotional service, which begin with nama-sankirtana, which are the highest goal of life, which are described by Sanandana Kumara and other sages, which are the worship of the Supreme Truth, who has transcendental qualities, who is the supremely opulent Personality of Godhead, Lord Krishna, who eternally enjoys transcendental pastimes and whose form is eternal and full of transcendental knowledge and bliss, which are the confidential truth hidden in the Vedic scriptures, and which are not understood by the impersonalist philosophers, who are haunted by the ghosts of their own foolish theories of the meaning of all the scriptures, and who claim that the supreme goal of life is to merge into the quality-less Brahman, the Supreme Personality of Godhead has appeared in the form of Shri Chaitanya.

18      Pariparsvika:  Master, in this incarnation did Lord Hari write any books to teach this?

19      Sutradhara: although the Lord did not personally write any scriptures, as the all-pervading Supersoul He inspired others to write.  He is not limited by time, place or the need to directly teach anyone.

20      Pariparsvika: Master, why does not everyone appreciate His wise teaching?

21      Sutradhara: How can they who make a host of material desires their masters follow the spiritual path?  Bound by material desires they take shelter of many different philosophies.

22      Pariparsvika: Master, devotional service, which even the authors of scripture cannot understand, creates wonderful transcendental knowledge and therefore must bear impersonal liberation as its fruit.  What is the difference between devotional service and impersonalism?

23      Sutradhara: Gentle one, Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.2.40) explains:

          "When a person is actually advanced and takes pleasure in chanting the holy name of the Lord, who is very dear to him, he is agitated and loudly chants the holy name.  He also laughs, cries, becomes agitated and chants just like a madman, not caring for outsiders."*

24      Devotional service, which begins with chanting the Lord's holy name, and which makes one free from sin, makes one fall in love with the Supreme Lord.  It makes one the Lord's personal associate.

25      The Lord says (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 3.25.35-36):

          "My devotees always see the smiling face of My form, with eyes like the rising sun.  They like to see My various transcendental forms, which are all benevolent, and they also talk favourably with Me.  Upon seeing My charming forms, smiling and attractive, and hearing My very pleasing words, the pure devotee almost loses other consciousness.  His senses are freed from all other engagements, and he becomes absorbed in devotional service.  Thus in spite of his unwillingness, he gets liberation without separate endeavour."*

          This is the liberation the devotees attain.  They do not attain impersonal liberation.  Lord Kapila says (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 3.25.32): "When the service spirit is engaged in devotional service to the Personality of Godhead, without any motive, that is far better even than impersonal salvation."*  In Kali-yuga by chanting the Lord's holy name one attains the ecstatic love known as "rati", which eclipses all other goals of life.

26      Pariparsvika: Master, your words are surprising.  The holy name of the Lord certainly does grant liberation.  The scriptures say (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 6.3.10) that by calling out "O Narayana" as one dies, one attains liberation.

27      Sutradhara: (laughing) Here the word "liberation" means "becoming an associate of the Lord".  Scriptures says (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 6.2.43):

          "Ajamila regained his original spiritual body, which was a body appropriate for an associate of the Lord."

          This, the philosophy of Shri Krishna Chaitanya, defeats all other philosophies.  The pious and wise agree with Him.  His incarnation has made the Kali-yuga auspicious.

28      Pariparsvika:  How can that be?  Scripture (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 12.3.43) says:

          "O king, in Kali-yuga most of the people, their hearts broken with offenses, will not worship the infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the master of all the worlds, and before whose lotus feet the demigods that control the three worlds bow."

          In this way the Sruti-sastra refutes your opinion.

29      Sutradhara: That describes previous Kali-yugas, before Shri Krishna Chaitanya descended to this world.

30      Scriptures also says (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 9.24.61)

          "In this age of Kali, the Lord, out of special mercy to His devotees, will dispel the unhappiness of those born in this fallen age by propagating the hearing and chanting of His own glories."*

31      Scripture again says (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.38):

          "O king, in Kali-yuga many people will become devotees of Lord Narayana.  The people in Satya-yuga and other yugas yearn for a birth in Kali-yuga.

32      These and other statements describing the appearance of Lord Chaitanya refute your words.

33      Pariparsvika: Why does Kali-yuga not overcome the devotees?

34      Sutradhara: The waning moon may decrease day by day, but how is it possible for wicked Kali-yuga to overcome they who have taken shelter of Lord Vishnu's feet?

35      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Who are you to insult me with the word "wicked" and compare me to the moon?

36      Sutradhara: (carefully looking) Gentle one, as we speak of him, proud-hearted, merciless Kali is coming with his dear friend Irreligion.  Let's leave.  (They exit)

          (End of Introduction)

37      (Attended by Irreligion, Kali enters)

          Kali: Friend Irreligion, the playwright spoke the truth.

          Irreligion: What was that?

38      Kali: He said: "The waning moon may decrease day by day, but how is it possible for wicked Kali-yuga to overcome they who have taken shelter of Lord Vishnu's feet?"

39      Irreligion: Friend, king of Kali-yuga, this wretch insulted you by calling you "wicked".  O sinful wretched playwright, listen: You have insulted Kali, who uprooted the monarch religion and his soldiers purity, good conduct, austerity, tolerance, equanimity, self-control, discrimination, and other virtues, who blinded religion's friends that purify others with a glance, and who has me as his obedient servant.

40      Stand! Sinner, Stand! Stand! You must say where religion is, there is Krishna, and where Krishna is, there is victory.  But when there is no religion, where is Krishna, who alone can destroy Kali?

41      Kali: Friend, don't criticise the playwright.  Consider this:

42      Friend, my time is now passed.  A boy has taken my powers away just as a poison-herb destroyed the great serpent Taksaka.

43      Irreligion: King of the yuga, who is this boy?  Is he a wretched murderer?  Has he killed the entire earth?

          Kali: Neither.  He is not to be feared.

          Note: Irreligion interpreted the word "kumaraka' (boy) in the previous text to mean either "wretched murderer" (kusita+maraka=kumaraka) or "killer of the earth" (ku=earth and maraka=killer).

44      Kali: Born in Navadvipa as the son of Saci-devi and Jagannatha Misra Purandara, this boy has cut my work into pieces.

45      Irreligion: (laughing) O king of the yuga, out of fear of the splendour of the ferocious sun of your powerful arms, the bull of religion, who has only one leg left, is now silent as an owl hiding in a mountain cave.  Your feet are served by many servants like myself.  How has your mind become so bewildered that you fear a brahmana boy?

46      Kali: Friend, he is not just a brahmana boy.  He is a boy that is the master of all the demigods.

47      Purifying the world and placing in its heart the nectar teachings of devotion to Lord Hari, playing as a boy, and splendid as a golden lotus, Lord Hari has incarnated in a brahmana's home.

48      By taking birth during an eclipse of the full moon He tricked the people of the world to chant Lord Hari's name at His birth.

          Note: To counteract the inauspiciousness of the lunar eclipse the people of India chanted Lord Hari's holy name.

49      Irreligion: You are bewildered.  It is like the kaka-taliya-nyaya.  It is only a coincidence, although you think it is not.  Listen.  Oh, listen:

          Note: The kaka-taliya-nyaya is the example of a crow landing on the branch of a tala tree.  The moment the crow lands on the branch a fruit from a higher branch falls and hits him on the head.  One may think the bird's landing on the branch caused the fruit to fall, but that is not so.  The two actions are not related.  It is only a coincidence.

50      You are very powerful.  You have many strong helpers.  What is this new sprout of a brahmana boy in comparison to You whose roots are so old and firm?  How did you become so bewildered to fear this boy?

51      Kali: Friend, hear the truth.  Time, place, age, and family have no meaning to Him.  He has come to this world of His own accord.  Like a newly rising sun, He removes the blinding darkness.

52      He is not without helpers.  Before He Himself came He sent His dear associates to the earth.

53      Advaita Acarya is the incarnation of Lord Siva.  Nityananda Avadhuta is glorious Lord Sankarsana.  Shrivasa, the tilaka mark of the brahmanas, who is accompanied by Shrikanta, Shripati, and Shrirama, is the incarnation of Narada Muni.

54-5    Acaryaratna, Haridasa, Murari, Gangadasa, Gadadhara Pandita, Vidyanidhi, Vasudeva, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, Mukunda, Vakresvara, Nrsimha, Suklambara, Damodara, Sankara, Jagadananda, and many others, reservoirs of love, expert at tasting the nectar dances of many kinds of pastimes, and friends of the Lord since childhood, have come to the earth to save the world.

56      Irreligion:  What is the proof He is God?

57      Kali: Friend, because He is full of bliss, the Supreme Personality of Godhead attracts everyone's heart.  That is His extraordinary nature.  Supremely blissful, He can make the living entities also blissful, just as a wealthy person can make someone else wealthy also.  This boy fills everyone's heart with wonder.  That is the sign of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

58      Even in childhood His virtues, beginning with profound thoughtfulness, peacefulness, perfect memory, intelligence, happiness, wisdom, sweetness, and love, attract everyone.  With this proof who will not accept that He is Lord Vishnu?

59      Irreligion:  He is not the only one.  Some people are extraordinary.

60      Kali:  No. (Krishna says in Bhagavad-gita 10.42):

          "Know that all beautiful, glorious and mighty creations spring from but a spark of My splendour."*

61      According to the Lord's own words, the presence of millions of great qualities in others only proves His greatness.  We ourselves are proof, for we do not fear any conditioned soul.

62      Irreligion: King of the yuga, I hear He is married.

63      Kali: When the Supreme Personality of Godhead descends to the material world, His potency, beautiful goddess Laksmi also descends.  Imitating the pastimes of ordinary men, He accepted Her, stayed with her for some days, and then sent her far from the eyes of this world.

64      She also has a humanlike form.  Scripture says:

          "When the Supreme Personality of Godhead assumes a demigod form, Goddess Laksmi assumes a demigod form, and when the Lord assumes a humanlike form, she assumes a humanlike form."

65      He will marry beautiful Vishnupriya, the partial incarnation of Bhu-devi and then, teaching the importance of renunciation, while still young He will leave her.

66      His elder brother, Visvarupa, was Lord Sankarsana descended to this world.  Not marrying, Visvarupa accepted sannyasa, gave His personal powers to Isvara Puri, and disappeared.

67      Irreligion: (Thinking for a moment, he says to himself): This is a great calamity.  With great cleverness I should be able to dissuade him, but...

68 my heart is withered, my limbs are weary, my senses are in disarray, my memory is broken, and my determination is shaken.  For this calamity there is no cause other than the holy name of the Lord.

69      Kali: Friend, know, know that I have seen it myself.

70      Irreligion:  Friend, there is a way to defeat Him, save us from misfortune, and make us happy.

          Kali: Friend, what is that?

71      Irreligion:  Friend, nothing is impossible for lust and your other generals.  The strength of their arms has placed the entire world under your umbrella.

72      Now that they have conquered all directions, they have returned.  Each having conquered a different direction, they have removed all thorns of opposition to your rule, and now, all doubts shaken away, they will return, O Lord, to your feet.

73      Let us use them all at once to defeat Him.  I will describe their prowess.

74      The god of lust if famous for conquering the three worlds.  By the strength of his arms Brahma approached his own daughter, and Siva ran after Mohini.  What are other, tiny people?  They are like the pet kittens of women.

75      Kali: Friend, you don't know His power.  The god of lust was himself defeated when he tried to conquer Lord Narayana.  No conditioned soul has the power to bewilder Lord Hari.

76      I sent my generals to conquer Him, and they promised as soon as His childhood was over they would, but it was not possible.

77      In the prime of His youth He left His young wife splendid as goddess Laksmi and, protecting His own religious teachings, went to Gaya and performed the funeral rites for His father.

          There He accepted as His guru Isvara Puri, who by fate had come there.  Shri Chaitanya, the master of all self-controlled yogis, then accepted the ten-syllable mantra from His guru, who had learned it from Madhavendra Puri.

78      Then He returned home.  Now, in the company of His dear friends, headed by Shrivasa, Rama and Haridasa, by singing, dancing, acting in religious plays, and crying, He plunges the three worlds in oceans of bliss.  How can the god of lust even approach Him?

79      Irreligion: Friend, don't talk in that way.

80      They who, by practising very terrible austerities, following vows, controlling the mind and senses, and meditating in yogic trance, wisely spat out, even in the post of Brahma, the opulences of this world, and easily conquered the unconquerable enemies headed by the god of lust, fell from the slight touch of anger.  How will He defeat anger?

81      Kali: Friend, What can pathetic anger do?  To two impious miser brahmana brothers named Jagannatha (Jagai) and Madhava (Madhai), whose hearts burned with the five great sins, who troubled everyone, who stole from others, who beat the drums of lies, and whose hearts became more polluted day by day, He was kind, called for them and when they were brought before Him, said: "You are both poisoned by many sins.  Please give Me all the sins you have committed," and as, stunned with wonder, they said, "we give them to You," and poured water from their hands, and as they both became effulgent, trembled, wept with bodily hairs standing erect, became plunged in the waters of bliss, and with throats choked with emotion chanted "Krishna! Krishna!" and as by engaging in eternal devotional service their lust and other vices left them and they now walked on the path of the great devotees, and as everyone that saw this, became filled with bliss, free of all doubts, and motionless as a painted picture, He (Lord Chaitanya) attracted and charmed them all.

82      With a sidelong glance He lightens all sins and tears apart lust and all other vices in the hearts of others.  How can He be overcome with anger?

          (Behind the scenes is a blissful tumult).

83      Kali: (listening) Friend, listen.  I hear tumultuous sounds of bliss from Shrivasa's house.  I can guess these are limitlessly glorious pastimes that fill the heart with wonder.

          (Behind the scenes are sounds of various musical instruments and sounds of "ululu".)

84      Kali: (carefully looking) Your guess is true.  It's as if I can see it.

85      Look! The blissful calls of the brahmana's young wives, the sounds of "Jaya! Jaya!" the playing of many instruments, and the unrestrained conchshells and bells are a great festival like a flood of nectar.  I must get a closer look.  (He does that.)

86      A Voice from Behind the Scenes: Rama, quickly bring the arghya and other things!  Shripati, quickly bring 108 excellent new jars! Shrikanta, from every direction have the brahmanas and good women bring water from the Ganges!

87      Kali: Friend, I see Shrivasa giving duties to his brothers.  I think the great abhiseka festival of ecstatic Lord Visvambharadeva, who is now revealing that He is the Supreme, has begun.

88      Irreligion: If He is the independent Supreme Personality of Godhead, then why is He overcome with ecstasy?

89      Kali: Friend, listen.  Although He is always the Supreme Personality of Godhead, because He is supremely independent He does not always reveal His identity to others.  By His own wish He sometimes performs actions that seem material .  The wise call these His sweet pastimes.

90      (Again looking behind the scenes) Friend, look! Look! In Shrivasa Brahmana's home, which has become like Ilavrta-varsa splendid with waves of light from the rising sun on the peak of golden Mount Meru, He (Lord Chaitanya), as a madman overcome with bliss and as the splendour of sudden lightning, enters the Deity-room, ascends the throne of the Salagrama-sila and other Deities, pushes Them aside, sits down, and is surrounded by all the devotees as they hastily run to and fro expertly bringing articles of worship, shedding tears, the hairs of their bodies erect, and their hearts pure from defeating the enemy that is material desire.

91      Again a voice from behind the scenes: Rama, bring pure, fragrant water.  Mukunda, arrange the paraphernalia for the bathing ceremony.  Gadadhara, bring the clothing, garlands, ornaments and other things.

92      Kali: (looking behind the scenes in every direction) Friend, look! Look!

93      Carrying auspicious jars in their hands, the women come and go.  They go from the town to the Ganges and from the Ganges' shore to the town.  In their words are His pastimes, in their eyes tears, on their bodies trembling, on their braids looseness, and on their cheeks hairs erect in ecstasy.  This is very wonderful.

94      Irreligion: It is said that loosened braids are a symptom of lust.

95      Whenever doe-eyed women walk, there Kamadeva conquers.  Can a general conquer alone without a conquering army?

96      Kali: Loosened braids agitate men and women whose hearts are filled with lust, but they do not agitate they who are free of material desire.

97      ((From behind the scenes tumultuous sweet sounds of the purusa-sukta prayers)

          Kali: (looking) Ah! Wonderful!

98      As water continually falling from Brahma's kamandalu, or as the swiftly flowing heavenly Ganges on a always flooded Mount Sumeru, the abhiseka-water flowing from Lord Gauranga's body floods the four directions of the world.

99      Before the lotus feet of Shri Visvambhara, who is now bathed, His body dried with a towel, splendidly dressed in clean garments, with great happiness anointed and decorated by some devotees, His lotus feet washed, and His fair splendour rivalling the glory of the world, all the devotees, aware that He is both different and not different from everything, overcome with love, and according to their own powers, place gold, jewels, belts, and many valuable offerings.

100     Irreligion: Friend, this is greed's opportunity.  Greed, which destroys patience, hates happiness, and stops humility, will somehow defeat Him.  Even Lord Vishnu became greedy for the goddess of fortune and the great Kaustubha gem churned from the milk ocean.

101     Kali: It's not like that.  (looks) Look! Look! It is so.

102     He does not speak.  He does not see.  He does not hear anything.  Stunned with bliss, He shines with great splendour.

103     Irreligion:  Friend, these are the actions of a madman.  Powerful madness makes the eloquent silent, the sighted blind, the hearing deaf, and the wise foolish.  What calamity does it not bring?

104     Why worry?  If there is one fault, then there may also be all other faults.  This is confirmed by the words "eka-yoga-nirdistanam saha va pravrttih, saha va nivrttih."

105     Your lieutenant envy, who pollutes the heart with an intolerance of others' good fortune, who creates cruelty and deceit, who burns as a fire in a tree hollow, who turns those it defeats into demons, and who upsets the entire world, hides within Him.

106     Again a voice from behind the scenes: O! O! Advaita! These 54 hours have passed for Him as a moment.  Now that He is in this ecstasy, how can we tiny people continue to serve Him?

107     Let us all pray that out of kindness to His devotees He will give up His ecstasy and return to external consciousness.

108     Kali: Friend, listen! Listen! The devotees cannot bear His power and opulence.  That's what Shrivasa is saying.

109     Irreligion: I heard.  Madness is in their hearts.  And delusion.

110     If He is really in ecstasy he cannot leave his trance.  Madness and pride in His heart, He falsely thinks the world is a blade of straw.  If they are not bewildered, why do His followers take his words seriously?

          Kali: Out of love.

          Irreligion: Then you say when it is directed to ordinary people it is delusion and when it is directed to anyone else, to the great souls, it is love.

111     Kali: Fool, that is the way conditioned souls think.  Because they are conditioned they think one is great and another small.  (Again looks behind the scenes) Oh! What is this?

112     All the devotees headed by Advaita and all the women headed by the wives of Shrivasa and his brothers fall as sticks to the ground.  I understand.  The Lord has opened His eyes like two blossoming lotuses dripping the honey of His mercy, lotuses that had been closed by the waves of His ecstasy.

113     (Again looks for a long time) Very wonderful!

114     In a voice deep as thunder saying "Fix your minds on Me," the Lord places His lotus feet on their heads.  With tears, anxiety, trembling, coolness, bodily hairs erect, joy, and intense eagerness, they are now overcome with ecstasy.

115     Now they are all coming here.  Come.  I think we should go somewhere else.

116     Irreligion: Friend, where do you think I should go?

          Kali: (thinks) Listen.

117     Kali: You can stay among they who blaspheme the spotless character of Lord Chaitanya, who has learning, morality, austerity, exalted lineage, and the highest asrama.  Your wife, Lies, can stay among the atheists, and your son, Deception, can stay among the dry impersonalists and the materialists.  Don't be unhappy.

118     Irreligion:  As you like.  (They both exit.  Thus ends the Viskambhaka).

119     (Carried on a palanquin, dressed in splendid clothing and ornaments, and as if just awakened from the sleep of His ecstasy, Lord Visvambhara enters.  Great souls headed by Advaita surround Him.  In the distance other devotees perform kirtana).

120     Bhagavan: Advaita, I descended from Goloka because of the flood of nectar that was Your humble request, which I could not refuse.

          Advaita: (folding his hands) Who am I?  I am the most insignificant.  You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who enjoys transcendental pastimes.  Out of kindness to the conditioned souls You have manifested in this form.

121     How can it be otherwise?  Queen Kunti explains (Shrimad Bhagavatam 1.8.20): "You Yourself descend to propagate transcendental science in the hearts of the advanced transcendentalists and mental speculators.  Such persons are purified by being able to discriminate between matter and spirit.  But how can we unqualified women know your perfectly?"*

122     Here Queen Kunti explains that in order to make sweet the dried and shrivelled hearts of the impersonalists sages, Vraja's prince, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose appearance brings auspiciousness to the world, manifested His Gokula, Mathura, and Dvaraka pastimes, which are more wonderful than the bliss of impersonal Brahman, and the hearing and chanting of which eclipses the value of materialistic goals of life.

123     Uddhava said to the gopis (Shrimad Bhagavatam 10.47.25): Among all the living entities who have accepted the human form of life, the gopis are superexcellently successful in their mission.  Their thought is thoroughly absorbed in the lotus feet of Krishna.  Great sages and saintly persons are also trying to be absorbed in meditation upon the lotus feet of Krishna, who is Mukunda Himself, the giver of liberation, but the gopis, having lovingly accepted the Lord, are automatically accustomed to this habit.  They do not depend on any yoga practice."*

124     How will we sip the drops that fall between Your fingers as You, the wonderful Supreme Personality of Godhead in a form meant to taste nectar, now sip with cupped hands the secret, sweet nectar of love the gopis, Your supremely fortunate personified pleasure potencies, their hearts filled with eternal ever-increasing attachment for You, felt in Vrndavana-dhama, the land of limitless transcendental bliss situated on the far shore of the nectar ocean of all rasa and known by many names beginning with the name Gokula?

125     Bhagavan: Shrivasa, do you remember how with My hand I once forcibly stopped your life-breath from leaving your body?

          Shrivasa: (remembers) Yes, I remember, O Lord how You saved me from death.

126     (Everyone is filled with wonder)

          Bhagavan: Tell everything from the beginning.  Everyone hear.

127     Shrivasa: Before the Lord came, from childhood up to sixteen years, this person, wild, merciless, offensive to guru and brahmanas, his restless heart hard as wood, and his proud mind splashed by the waves of contentious useless theories, even in dream never heard or chanted the Lord's glories.  Then, because of some unknown previous pious act, a kind-hearted person said to me in a dream:

128     "O brahmana in name only, O restless-hearted one, who can give you advice?  Still, I tell you: You have only one year of life ahead.  Don't throw it away."

129     Awakening at dawn, remembering the good advice, unhappy at heart that my life would be so short, giving up all my misdeeds, fasting on that day, encouraged by the nectar of that advice, and determined to understand what is the best goal of life, in the Narada Purana, I found this verse:

130     "In this age of quarrel and hypocrisy the only means of deliverance is chanting the holy name of the Lord.  There is no other way.  There is no other way.  There is no other way."*

131     Considering this a message from Lord Krishna, the crusher of demons, I gave up all materialism and, forgetting even my own home, took shelter of Lord Hari's name alone.

132     Peaceful at heart, although everyone laughed at me, not doing anything else (but only chanting Lord Hari's name), waiting with sadness in my heart for the day of my death, and counting the months, when the year was over and the day of my death had come, with a desire to hear from him, I went to the home of Devananda Pandita, a teacher of Shrimad Bhagavatam.

133     While listening to the story of Prahlada Maharaja, the moment arrived.  I became unconscious and, under the spell of death, I fell from a balcony to the courtyard below.  Then someone rescued me from the mouth of death.  Understanding that I was still alive, I was overcome.  Again I stood.  Helping me stand, everyone brought me to my home.

134     Bhagavan: It was I that appeared to you in a dream.  It was I that gave back your life when it was ended.

          (Everyone is filled with wonder)

135     As iron becomes gold by a sparsamani jewel's touch, so your body became like another body by Narada-sakti's entrance.

136     Advaita: It is so.  Otherwise a dead man cannot live again.  Lord, everyone here loves You and is Your servant.  This proves the eternally blissful Lord's teaching: "A person who worships Me attains a new body."  Shrivasa is glorious.  He is the home (vasa) of the glory (shri) of love for You.

          Bhagavan: Advaita, that is the truth.

137     Advaita: Lord Murari, Mukunda, and these other devotees transform others into Your loving servants.  That gives pleasure to the eyes.

          Bhagavan: Advaita, there is a great fault in both of them.

          (They both tremble in fear as if struck by a thunderbolt)

138     Advaita: Lord, what is it?

          Bhagavan: The nectar of devotional service is not perfectly situated in Murari's heart.  His heart is filled with the bitter adhyatma-yoga philosophy, putrid as onions.  Even today he spend a long time studying the Vasistha Yoga-sastra.

139     Advaita: What is the fault in adhyatma-yoga?

          Bhagavan: How can You speak these words?

140     "A person fixed in the devotional service of the Supreme Lord, Hari, the Lord of the highest auspiciousness, swims in the ocean of nectar.  For him what is the use of the water in small ditches."*

          Note: This verse is quoted from Shrimad Bhagavatam (6.12.22).

141     Advaita: What is Mukunda's offense?

          Bhagavan: As he himself admits, he is attracted to the Lord's four-armed form.  That is his object of worship.

142     Advaita: Is that wrong?

          Bhagavan: If the Supreme Lord likes He can assume a four-armed form, but His original form has two arms.  The scriptures say "narakrti param brahma" (the original form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead is like that of a human being).  The scriptures again say: "gudham param brahma manusya-lingam" (The confidential, original form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead is like the form of a human being).  The scriptures again say: "paramatma narakrtih" (The Supreme Lord's original form resembles that of a human being).  Therefore the original form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead has two arms, like the form of a human being.

143     Advaita: In Bhagavad-gita, Arjuna says: "You alone know Yourself by Your own potencies, O Supreme Person."*  Therefore please explain the truth of Your personal form.

          Bhagavan: (with kindness) It will be seen.

144     Advaita: You are kind to Me.  Lord, please be kind to them.  A terrible offense had stolen their intelligence.

145     Please be kind to these two and place on their heads Your two parasol-feet, which create a pleasant cool shade, mock the lotus, remove the poison of material desires, and shower the nectar of great mercy.

146     Bhagavan: (As He does that, He says) "The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, the son of mother Yasoda, is accessible to devotees engaged in spontaneous loving service, but He is not as easily accessible to mental speculators, to those striving for self-realisation by severe austerities and penances, or to those who consider the body the same as the self."*

          Note: This verse is quoted from Shrimad Bhagavatam (10.9.22).

147     (with kindness) From now on do not be servants of these heresies.

148     Both of Them: (falling down as sticks)

          "O my Lord, O Supreme Personality of Godhead, will I again be able to be a servant of Your eternal servants who find shelter only at Your lotus feet?  O Lord of my life, may I again become their servant so that my mind may always think of Your transcendental attributes, my words always glorify those attributes, and my body always engage in the loving service of Your Lordship?"*

          Note: This verse is quoted from Shrimad Bhagavatam (6.11.24).

149     Bhagavan: So be it.

150     Suklambara: (with humility) Lord, I have performed many severe austerities and visited many holy places.  Still my heart is not satisfied.  Please be kind.  Please give me Your glance of mercy.

151     (Without fear or shame he places his head on Lord Chaitanya's feet).

          Shrivasa: (Looking, he says to Gadadhara) Gadadhara! Look! Look!

152     This brahmana's heart which pride of very hard austerities had made hard as a thunderbolt, is now, by the touch of the Lord's feet, suddenly melting, making tears flow from his eyes and the hairs of his body stand erect in ecstasy.

153     Thinking Him her own son, Saci-devi scolded us saying "The ecstasy of your kirtanas has driven my son mad and made him abandon the path of duty in this world."

154     If she were to see Him now that He is overcome with ecstasy, she would no longer think He is her son.  How can this be arranged?

155     Gadadhara: If Advaita Acarya speaks to her...

          Advaita: What should I say?

          Shrivasa: (in His ear)! In this way.

156     Advaita: Good.  Bring her.  Why worry?  Her illusion will go.

157     Shrivasa: As you order.  (He exits and, bringing her, again enters.)  Svami, Acarya, please carefully explain that the mother of the universe is now here to enjoy the Lord's happiness and mercy.

158     Advaita: (folding His hands) Lord, Devahuti attained perfection by understanding jnana-yoga and bhakti-yoga from Lord Kapila.  O Visvambhara, may Your mother, who is endowed with all the virtues of the great devotees, attain perfection by being filled with the bliss of Krishna-prema.  (With great satisfaction He takes her by the hand and places her before the Lord).

159     Saci: (Seeing her wonderful son rapt in ecstasy, her body trembles with compassion.  Filled with wonder, she speaks as if she were goddess Sarasvati).

160     You, the Supreme divine person, within whose body the entire universe rests when there is cosmic devastation, rested in my womb.  You only pretend to be an ordinary person in the world of men.

161     (After praying in this way, overwhelmed, she tries to grasp His feet by force).

152     Advaita: (stopping her, with surprise He says) From where has this spontaneous maternal love come?  She must have been His mother in a previous life.

163     Bhagavan: Goddess, although you are the mother of the universe, You have offended Shrivasa and the other devotees.  Only when your offense is forgiven will the Supreme Lord be  merciful to you.  An offense to a devotee blocks the sunlight of the Lord's mercy.

164     Advaita: Lord, it is not so.  The mother of the universe, within whose womb You, the Supreme Lord, have taken birth, cannot commit offenses.  Sons can commit offenses to their mother, but a mother can never commit offenses to her sons.

165     (calling Shrivasa) Shrivasa! although Devaki knew that her son was the Supreme Personality of Godhead, her devotion was not like this.  She wants to touch her son's feet.

166     Shrivasa: Now we are relieved.

          Advaita: O, O devotees headed by Shrivasa, this display of the Lord's power and opulence has crushed her maternal love.  Let us pray this display may come to an end.

          Everyone: Lord, so be it.  (They, with Advaita, do that).

167     Everyone: Lord, Your opulence, eternity,, knowledge, and bliss are all eternal.  Still, You appear in different forms with different personal characteristics.

168     You, our protector, should now be kind to us.  Now You should display Your form as a devotee, a form that delighted us since childhood, brought us great good fortune, and destroyed all our sufferings.

169     As Arjuna said (Bhagavad-gita 11.45): "After seeing this universal form, which I have never seen before, I am gladdened, but at the same time my mind is disturbed with fear.  Therefore pleased bestow Your grace upon me and reveal again Your form as the Personality of Godhead, O Lord of lords! O abode of the universe."*

170     "When Arjuna thus saw Krishna in His original form, he said: "O Janardana, seeing this humanlike form, so very beautiful, I am now composed in mind and am restored to my original nature."*  (Bhagavad-gita 11.51)

171     When spiritual beings exhibit seemingly mundane qualities, their transcendental existence is in no way impaired.  When a cintamani gem is placed on the same string with common stones, it is not made less.

172     Bhagavan: (Remembering His mood as a devotee, He again assumes that nature) O Advaita and other devotees, did I sleep all this time?  Why did you not wake Me?

          Everyone: Lord, we were afraid to break Your ecstatic trance.

173     Bhagavan: Alas! Alas! I wasted all this time unconscious! Come, let us chant Hare Krishna.

          Everyone: (with pleasure) As the Lord commands.

          (Everyone exits).


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Two Sarvavatara-darsanah

The Revelation of All Incarnations


Act Two

1        (Renunciation enters).

          Renunciation: (looking all around) The world is full of materialists.  Alas! Alas!  There is no cleanliness, no truth, no control of mind or senses, no self-restraint, no peacefulness, no tolerance, no friendship, and no mercy.  Were my sincere, loving friends uprooted by the people of Kali-yuga?  Are they now living in hiding?

2        Could they have found a place Kali does not know?  No.  Because there is no place like that.

3        The brahmanas are interested only in their sixth duty, accepting charity.  A sacred thread is the only sign of their status.  The ksatriyas are so in name only.  The vaisyas are like atheists.  The sudras think themselves great scholars and are eager to become gurus and teach the truth of religion.  Alas! Alas! Kali has turned the castes into this!

4        The brahmacaris are so only because they cannot marry.  The grhasthas are interested only in filling the bellies of their wives and children.  Those vanaprasthas are so only in the name 'vanaprastha' travelling on the path of the ears.  The sannyasis are different from the others only in clothing.

5        (He walks a few steps) Ah! Here are good people.  The brahmanas here shine with great splendour.  Are they sincere, or only pretenders?  (He watches for a long time) Ah!

6        Almost from their very birth again and again saying "designation", "social class", "logical inference", "universal principle", and a host of words like them, staying far away from talk of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and thinking whoever is most expert at logic is the wisest, these logicians think their speculations are the only scripture.

7        What is the use of talking with them?  I will go somewhere else.  (He walks a certain distance).  Ah!  They look like sinless men doing some good work.  Let me look at them.  (He does that).  They are mayavadis.

8        Saying the Supreme is "only eternity", "without qualities", "without designations", "beyond thought", and "without actions", and saying "I am Brahman'" alas, alas, hating the Personality of Godhead's form, denying the Lord's inconceivable potencies and qualities even though glorified in Sruti, they shun love for the Supreme Person.  Obeisances to you.

9        (He leaves them, goes to another place, and looks around).  Ah! They are debating.  Let us see what is their philosophy.

10      (He observes them) Ah! learned in the theories of Kapila, Kanada, Patanjali, and Jaimini, they are debating.  Not one of them knows the truth of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  I will go.  (Again he walks a few steps).

11      I will go south.  They are Jains, Buddhists, and naked yogis, ferocious atheists.  They are Saivites and ghosts about to kill me!  I'll run for shelter.  (He runs a certain distance and then sees something).

12      Ah! This must be a holy man because, cheerfully sitting on a great rock by the riverbank, untroubled, he seems to be passing his time meditating on something beyond the modes of nature.  I will observe him.  (He does that).  Ah!

13      Sitting in a yoga-posture by the riverbank, his eyes closed, and expertly stopping with the tip of his tongue the nectar moonlight flowing from within his forehead, he meditates.  What broke his meditation?  (surprised, he thinks) ah! I know.  It is the tinkling conchshell ornaments of a young girl fetching water.

14      He is only staging a play to fill his stomach.  (He goes to another place and looks around).  Ah!  This looks like a renounced soul.  He must be a pilgrim coming from the holy places.  He talks with a traveller met by chance on the road.  By his words I will know what is in his heart.  (He listens and then repeats the words).

15      "Although I went to Hardwar, Gaya, Prayaga, Mathura, Benares, Puskara, Shri Ranga, Ayodhya, Badarikasrama, Setubandha, Prabhasa and many other places, three or four times over in the past year, what would persons like us accomplish even in hundreds of years like this?"

16      (After thus repeating those words) Good.  Ah! Good.  Although Kali has driven him away, truth hides within you.  I will go.  (He does that and then looks around).  This must be a genuine ascetic.  I will observe.  (He does that).  Ah! Ah! He is a demon!

          Calling out "Hum! Hum! Hum!" in a sharp and bitter voice, keeping the crowd away with a cruel stare, lifting his feet high as he walks with long strides, his forehead, arms, neck, stomach, and chest smeared with clay, and grasping kusa straws in his hands, he is like pride personified.  What arrogance!

17      This is strange.  Without pure devotional service to Lord Vishnu, expert meditation, samadhi, faith, scripture study, good works, japa, and austerity are like an actor's expert playing on a stage.  They are only different ways to fill an empty belly.

18      O Kali, well done!  Well done! You brought the entire earth under your rule.

19      You drove away control of the mind, control of the senses, and all other virtues.  You captured them and made them your slaves working for your own profit.  You uprooted the tree of religion, which had friendship and other virtues as its branches.  In this situation what can I do?

20      (He thinks for a moment).  by the suffering of being separated from my friends, by the exhaustion of long searching for them, and by the grief of seeing the whole world turned into a desert.  I am now overcome.  let me rest for a moment.  (He does that.  Shedding tears, he says):

21      I see that now everyone's thoughts,, words, desires and deeds are all destroyed by the impurities of Kali.  When will I see the Vaishnavas chanting Krishna's glories and serving Him as they shed tears, the hairs of their bodies stand erect in ecstasy, and they are equal to both friends and outsiders?

22      (A divine voice is heard.  Renunciation turns his ear to the sky and says) What do you say?  "What do you say?  "Wherever Devotional Service is present, there you will see your friends."  (He thinks for a moment) ah, Devotional Service is still alive somewhere!  (Again he turns to the sky)  What do you say?

23      "Glories the crown of holy places, Gauda-desa, where, in the city of Navadvipa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead appeared in a form splendid s gold and Devotional Service appeared in every home."

24      (happily) Ah! Ah! Why do the people not see her?  I will go there.  (He takes a few steps).

25      (Devotional Service enters).

          Devotional Service: (looking ahead) Ah! who is this?  His mind is tortured by many troubles.  His face is withered by the loss of all auspiciousness.  I don't recognise him.  As he gazes at me he is lifted beyond the material world.  Now, free of all suffering, he approaches.

26      Ah! My brother Renunciation could not come to me in this happy, opulent situation.  He was tortured so much by Kali's men I do not know if he is alive or not.

27      Renunciation: (looking) This is Devotional Service.

28      She delights the heart, purifies the senses, makes liberation, what to speak o economic development and sense gratification, insignificant, and, plunging the living entities into oceans of bliss, at once fulfils all their desires.

29      I will go to her.  (He approaches) Goddess, I am Renunciation.  I offer my respectful obeisances.

30      Devotional Service: (with compassion) Brother, you are alive! You are the life-breath of the self-controlled.  Come. Come (She touches him with her hand)

31      Renunciation: (bowing at her feet)  Goddess, tell me, how is it you were not defeated by Kali, as were Truthfulness and all the others?

32      Devotional Service: Renunciation, you don't know.  Listen.  For our sake the merciful Supreme Personality of Godhead has descended as Shri Gaurachandra, whose pastimes is to break the bonds of repeated birth and death.

33      Renunciation: Goddess, please explain the confidential meaning of this.

34      Devotional Service: Renunciation, in this time of Kali, there is not the slightest trace of spiritual life.  There is no real substance, only decoration.

35      Only devotional service, which is both the goal of life and the means of attaining the goal of life, can defeat Kali, material illusion, and the bonds of birth and death.

36      Accompanied by His associates such as myself, and by pure devotional service, which removes all sins, purifies the contaminations of Kali, and destroys the strong material desires in the hearts of all, down to even the outcasts, the Supreme Lord has now appeared in the role of a devotee.

37      Renunciation: I already learned this from a voice in the sky.

38      What will you do now?  What will the Lord do?  Is there a shelter now for me, who have no shelter?

39      Devotional Service: (in Sanskrit) Renunciation, listen.  I will purify even the outcastes.  I will purify all their contamination.  I will cut the strong material desires in their hearts.  If the Goddess of Mercy will come I will place the  nectar of divine love in their hearts.

40      Renunciation:  You cannot do that without the Goddess of Mercy?

41      Devotional Service: Without the Lord's mercy, or the mercy of His devotees, I cannot exist, what to speak of act as I do.

42      Renunciation:  What is the answer to my second question?

43      Devotional Service: Renunciation, listen.  In Navadvipa there is no person whose home is not a temple of Lord Hari, no temple without a Deity of the Lord, no Deity that is not carefully served,, no service that is not done with the nectar of love, and no nectar of love net expressed by sankirtana and dancing.  All this is the Lord's doing.

44      Renunciation: Does the Lord personally order this, or do they who take shelter of Him do this as they think right?

45      Devotional Service: Such is the glory of the Lord that by seeing Him people become mad with ecstasy.  Whatever He desires, they know and do.

46      When the Lord descends, the Goddess of Fortune also comes, so His devotee is never poor.  Listen to what He has done since childhood.

47      Sometimes in Shrivasa's home, sometimes in Acaryaratna's home, sometimes in Vidyanidhi's home, or sometimes in Murari's home, filled with bliss, with bodily hairs erect, stunned, shedding tears, covered with perspiration, and manifesting many symptoms of ecstasy, every day, as His dear associates sing, again and again the Lord dances.

48      Renunciation:  Goddess, does He always act as a devotee, or does he sometimes reveal His supreme power and opulence?

49      Devotional Service:  Renunciation, Lord Hari's ordinary pastimes are more beautiful than His unusual pastimes.  Although the Ganges flows from Lord Siva's head, it gives us pleasure when it comes to earth.

50      Still, sometimes He does something extraordinary.  One day, at Shrivasa's home, a muslim tailor, his eyes red from drinking wine, having circumambulated the temple, and in the southern corner of the courtyard having drunkenly begun to sew clothes, began to stare at Lord Visvambhara.

51      The sight of the Lord made him more intoxicated than any wine.  With wide-open eyes he called out: "I have seen! I have seen!"  He trembled.  The hairs of his body stood erect.  Tears flowing from his eyes bathed his chest.  Throwing down his sewing, he raised his arms and began to dance.  Seeing this, the Lord innocently said to Shrivasa:

52      "Shrivasa, what is this?  All of a sudden this person has become as if celebrating a great festival."

53      Shrivasa then jokingly said:

54      "Lord, this is the unprecedented glory of Your intoxicating handsomeness.  All he had ever wanted was a full pot of wine.  He could not give up the desire for wine.  Now, simply by seeing You for a moment he is wild with intoxication.  Now he has cut the bonds of birth and death.  Now he purifies the world.

55      Renunciation: Then? Then?

56      Devotional Service: That Muslim tailor took shelter of the Lord's holy name.  Giving up his former associates, he accepted the dress of a renunciant.  he continues to sing and dance, even though beaten by the Muslim teachers.  he is always engaged in chanting the Lord's holy names.

57      If questioned, he explains, "Visvambhara is the only Lord, there is none else."  Provided his livelihood by all the devotees,, he travels about as a perfected soul.

58      Renunciation:  Goddess, what form of the Lord did he see?

59      Devotional Service: Renunciation, the Lord's form is bliss.   The handsomeness of His form brings the greatest bliss.  His forms are different kinds of bliss, and seeing these forms brings different kinds of bliss.

60      Renunciation:  How could a person of such low birth attain such good fortune?

61      Devotional Service: (in Sanskrit) Ignoring noble birth, character, asrama, occupation, schooling, and family, Lord Hari's mercy does not consider whether one is qualified or not qualified to receive it.

62      Renunciation: It is so.  Then? Then?

63      Devotional Service:  At another time, in the courtyard of Murari's home, on a night bathed with the light of the full moon, all the devotees saw the Lord assume the form of Lord Sankarsana.

64      Renunciation:  Goddess, please tell it in detail.

65      Devotional Service: At that moment, as a swarm of intoxicated bees swallowed the moonlight and filled the sky with blinding darkness, everyone noticed the scent of liquor distilled from kadamba flowers.

66      Renunciation: Then? Then?

67      Devotional Service: Aware of this fragrance, everyone asked the Lord:  "Lord, why has this splendid fragrance of kadamba liquor suddenly appeared, blinded these bees, and filled us with wonder?  Now we see a wonderful plough and a club for crushing enemies."

68      Renunciation: Then? Then?

69      Devotional Service: Then Shri Visvambhara-deva said: "Lord Sankarsana, who charms everyone's heart, is about to appear.  His favourite kadambari liquor, His splendid plough-weapon, and His club have come before Him."

70      Renunciation: Then? Then?

71-2    Devotional Service: As he spoke these words Lord Gaurachandra became wonderfully changed.  His eyes became red and restless in the happiness of drinking wine.  An earring danced on one ear.  His complexion became pale as the moon.  He carried the mark of a palm tree.

73      As they sang newer and newer songs of His pastimes, He danced.  They worshipped Him.  For a moment He filled them with wonder.

74      Renunciation: Then? Then?

75      Devotional Service: He assumed, one after another, the forms of Buddha, Varaha, Nrsimha, and other incarnations.  At the day's end the causelessly merciful Lord revealed His six-armed form to Nityananda.

76      Renunciation: What was it like?

77      Devotional Service: In two hands He held a beautiful flute, and in the other four a conchshell, disc, club and lotus.  He wore a crown, necklaces, two peacock feathers, a vaijayanti garland, and the Kaustubha gem.

78      He was filled with matchless sweetness, handsomeness, generosity, expert intelligence, gravity, heroism, determination, gentleness, transcendental splendour, nobility, and wonderful glory.

79      Renunciation: Then? Then?

80      Devotional Service: Stunned with bliss and armoured with bodily hairs erect, Nityananda gazed at that form and prayed:

81      "You are Lord Hari.  You are Siva.  You are Brahma.  You are water.  You are fire.  You are the moon.  You are the sun.  You are the earth.  You are the wind.  O Lord Murari, obeisances to You! Obeisances to You, the master of all!

82      "Some say that with these six arms You kill the six enemies of this world.  O fulfiller of desires, I say that with these arms You give devotional service, love of God, and the four goals of life."

83      Renunciation: Ah, this is very wonderful.  Then?  Then?

84      Devotional Service: In this way His mood of being the Supreme Personality of Godhead is described.  Now listen to how He becomes filled with love.  In this city are three kinds of men.  Some are completely attached to the Lord.  Some are moderately attached.  Some others are neither attached to the Lord, nor detached from the world.

85      Seeing Him, His clothing still wet from His bath in the Ganges, walking through the city's streets, one student would chant the very sweet name of the Lord, another would recite a nectarean verse of Shrimad-Bhagavatam, and another would sing a beautiful song of devotional love.

86      Falling to the street by hearing this,, His wet clothing turning the dust of the street to mud, His limbs covered with mud, the mud on His chest washed by His tears, and His form like the great splendour of lightning flashes embraced by a vine of restless ecstasy, He would roll about on the ground.

87      Seeing Him in this state, His student companions, tainted with youthful insolence, would laugh and raise a commotion.

88      After a short while, His own associates would lift Him up, take Him again to the Ganges, and make Him wash all His limbs.  Even though she was very wise, His mother wept bitterly to hear of her son's becoming overcome.

89      Renunciation: Ah, is being overcome was the ecstasy of devotional love.

90      Devotional Service: On another day as the Lord of devotees, more splendid than thousands of suns, was returning home after dancing at Acaryaratna's home, a certain fallen brahmana saw Him on the street.

91      Seeing Him, the fallen brahmana, his entire body covered with terrible sores, not seeing any other hope, begged: "O son of Saci, O Visvambhara, everyone says You are the almighty Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself.

92      "Everyone says You are the same Lord that delivered Gajendra.  If You can cure this fallen wretch of his disease, then You are indeed the lotus-eyed Supreme Person, whose form brings auspiciousness to the world."

93      Renunciation: Then? Then?

94      Devotional Service:  Trembling with compassion and the hairs of His body erect with ecstasy, the Lord glanced at that fallen brahmana, who was on the verge of death, and said:

95      "The Supreme Personality of Godhead cannot be attained by any ordinary man.  Why do You commit this blasphemy by saying I am He?

96      "There is one way your disease can be cured.  If you do this one thing, your disease will go away.  Of this there is no doubt.  Your body will then be as healthy as before."

97      Renunciation: Then? Then?

98      Devotional Service: With wide-open eyes the fallen brahmana said: "Lord, what is the way?"  The Lord then spoke this instruction:

99      "O fallen brahmana, of all sinless persons in all universes, and of all devotees full of love for the Supreme Personality o Godhead, Advaita Acarya is the best.  If you drink water that has washed His feet, then this sickness caused by sin, its caused removed, will go far away.

100     Then the brahmana said: "Seeing You will make it go away.  Why prescribe any other cure?"  The brahmana then followed the Lord's instruction and his body became healthy as before.

101     Renunciation: What is wonderful for the Supreme Personality of Godhead?  Tell me:  where are you going and what do you want, that you are going so quickly even your shadow cannot follow you?

102     Devotional Service: To enjoy confidential pastimes with His devotees, the saintly Lord is now going with Advaita to Shrivasa's home.  I am hurrying to follow him.

103     Renunciation: Goddess, the answer to my third question remains to be answered by you.  Tell me: Will He be my shelter?  Will He protect me?

104     Devotional Service: (in Sanskrit) yes.  the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is transcendental bliss, who has form, who is simultaneously all-pervading and localised in a certain place, and who eternally enjoys pastimes, is the shelter of Renunciation.  Come, let us both go.  (They both exit).

105     (Accompanied by Advaita Acarya, Shrivasa, and other devotees, Lord Visvambhara enters and sits down).

106     Bhagavan: (joking to Advaita) Glories to Sita's husband, whose fame destroys the world's sins!

          Advaita: Why have You, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is Lord Rama, the Raghava king, and Lord Krishna, the Yadava king, come here?

107     Bhagavan: Advaita, I always worry how always to stay in Your company and never be separated from You.

108     Shrivasa: Lord, since Your lotus feet have appeared in here in the nine bhakti-islands of Navadvipa, Advaita lives here, even though His home is in Santipura.  In the same way all-pervading Nityananda, also lives here.

109     Advaita: Here is Shrivasa.

          Shrivasa: Shri has gone away.

          Bhagavan: Real wealth is devotion to Vishnu.  That wealth always stays with you devotees.

          Note: Shri may mean "wealth", and the name "Shrivasa" may be interpreted to mean "the abode of wealth".  Shrivasa protests that because he is poverty-stricken, Shri has left him.  Lord Chaitanya replies by saying that Shrivasa is not at all bereft of Shri.

110     Advaita: Now Shri is Vishnupriya.

          Bhagavan: Yes.  Of all transcendental paths, which begin with jnana-yoga, devotional service is most dear to Lord Vishnu.

          Advaita: That is why the Supreme Personality of Godhead has accepted Her.

          Note: Advaita interprets Shri to mean "Goddess Laksmi".  He says here "Goddess Laksmi has descended as Shrimati Vishnupriya-devi (Lord Chaitanya's wife)."  Lord Chaitanya interprets Advaita's words in a different way and says: "Yes the real wealth (Shri) is devotional service, which is dear (priya) to Vishnu (visnu), thus playfully sidestepping Advaita's statement about Vishnupriya-devi.  Advaita replies by referring to Lord Chaitanya's marriage to Vishnupriya.

111     A Voice From Behind the Scenes:  Saci-devi, mother of the universe, asks that Advaita not reside in any other place.  She says: "Please stay as a jewel in my home."

112     Advaita: (hearing) As the mother of the universe orders.  Tell her this body overcome with bliss, will today take prasadam with Lord Visvambhara.

113     Shrivasa: I will also take prasadam with Them.

          Bhagavan: It will be difficult for him to cook such a great meal.

          Advaita: Why does He say "for him"?  He should say "for her".  (He calls for a servant.  The servant understands the hint and exits).

114     (Advaita whispers in Shrivasa's ear).

          Bhagavan: What did the noble Acarya say?

          Shrivasa: He said: "Shri Nityanandadeva saw His six-armed form.  The Lord promised to show it to Me, but I have not seen it.  Why did the Lord, our protector, not show it?"

115     A voice From Behind the Scenes: Ah! Ah! Now we see the six-armed form!

116     Bhagavan: (concealing His real intention) This is My own form, the object of Advaita's devotion.

          Advaita: (aside) What will I say?  If I say, "Yes, this is Your original form", my desire to see the form of Lord Syamasundara will not be fulfilled.  If I say, "The other form is Your original form", it will kill My love for this form.  (He thinks for a moment).

117     Shrivasa: This form present before us is the object of our love.  Of this there is no doubt.  Still,, You said, "I will show that form to You."  That is why He asks.

118     Bhagavan: What will a madman not say?

119     Shrivasa: Lord, other's madness is a disease, but for they who see it or hear of it, Your madness uproots the disease of repeated birth and death.  A foolish living entity knows very little happiness.  Because the Supreme Lord's form is full of transcendental bliss and  knowledge, how can the Lord be stopped in any way?  The Lord is not dependent on anyone for His bliss and knowledge.

120     Bhagavan" (smiling) The person I will show You is not dependent on Me.  He is revealing Himself because Your eyes are full of love.  (He manifests that form in Advaita's heart).

121     (Advaita closes His eyes and meditates).

122     Shrivasa: (watching for a long time) Wonderful! Advaita has gone beyond the impersonal Advaita-philosophy.  The actions of His outward senses have stopped.  His heart is lost in intense bliss.  His stilled body trembles.  He is lost in the direct perception of the Supreme Truth.  That He breathes we know only by the slight  movements of His nostrils' hair.

123     Bhagavan: These are the symptoms of directly seeing the Lord.

124     Shrivasa: Lord, this is a play You have staged.  You do not show this form externally.  We cannot see it.  So be it.  Your form is our great treasure.  O powerful Lord, please do not continue to shake Advaita's mind in this way.  Please make this form disappear from His heart, otherwise He will never emerge from this trance.  We wish to ask Him: "What did You see?"

125     Bhagavan: He is free to awaken as He wishes.  (He makes that form disappear from Advaita's heart).

126     (No longer able to see that form, He opens His eyes as if waking from sleep, and for a moment continues to stare, as if still seeing that form).

          Bhagavan: Advaita, what did You see?

127     Advaita: (As if dreaming or possessed by a ghost, He recites)  Fragrant as a host of suddenly-blooming blue lotuses, glorious as a host of dark clouds, dark as a forest of flowering tamala trees, and brilliant as a host of sapphires, what is the flood of splendour that robs My eyes?

128     A dark spiritual glory in each limb, flooded with sweet nectar, and expert at playing the flute, a divine splendour that is a brother to the dark clouds, stands before Me.

129     Shrivasa: That form is gone.  Thinking it still stands before His eyes, He speaks these words.

130     Bhagavan: That is because He is still in ecstasy.  Listen, He wants to say something more.  (Everyone becomes silent).

131     Advaita: His long black hair is thick and curly.  His eyebrows are a flowering vine.  His raised nose is handsome.  His restless red eyes are large lotus flowers, His handsome lips are like bandhuka flowers.

132     The Shrivatsa mark, Kaustubha gem, and goddess of fortune meet on His chest decorated with a beautiful great necklace.  A garland of forest flowers reaches to His feet.  The clubs of His arms are long and broad.

133     Shrivasa: Why is He suddenly lost in trance?

134     Bhagavan: Listen.  By long yoga practice the Lord is manifest in meditation.  But Lord Hari's sudden, unexpected appearance in the heart is different.  It is a special incarnation.

135     Shrivasa: It is so.  An example of a special incarnation is the Lord's appearance to Narada in his previous life, when the Lord said, "O sinless one, the revelation of this form, which you have seen only momentarily, was meant to increase your spiritual desire."*  An example of the Lord's appearance as the result of yoga practice was His appearance t Dhruva.

          Note: The quote is Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.6.22).

136     But Lord, why would the Lord appear in the heart without long yoga practice?

137     Bhagavan: The Lord's mercy purifies the place before He comes, as the red light of dawn destroys the darkness before the sun rises.

138     Shrivasa: Does He directly see the Lord at this moment or does He describe what he saw before?

          Bhagavan: Ask.

139     Shrivasa: (to Advaita) O great soul, do You see this now, or do You describe what You saw before?

140     Advaita: (As if rising from an ocean of ecstasy, He shows some external consciousness) A splendid dark form Left Lord Chaitanya, entered Me, and then, after a moment, disappeared.  Unhappy at heart, I opened my eyes and saw it again enter Lord Chaitanya.

141     Shrivasa: (with joy) Lord, my words have borne fruit.

          Bhagavan:  He's just sleepy.

142     Shrivasa: A sleep of ecstatic trance.  What is the fault? 

          Bhagavan: (to Advaita) Advaita, this is a waking dream.

143     Advaita: (irritated) A splendid youth, He was splendid as a blue lotus.  His left ankle crossed His right.  He was like You.  You are like Him.  To My eyes there is no difference.  Tell Me: Is this a waking dream?

144     Bhagavan: Advaita, this is Your own mental delusion.  You alone see this.  No one else sees.

145     Shrivasa: Who is so fortunate to see You in this was?

          Bhagavan: (joking) Shrivasa, you also walk on the pathway of Advaita's delusion.

146     Shrivasa: We walk on the path of knowing that You are not different from Krishna.  How can there be any doubt of it?

          Bhagavan: If that is so then you are also not different from Him.

          Note: In the previous text the Lord used the word "advaita" to mean "Advaita Acarya".  In his answer here, Shrivasa uses the word "advaita" to mean "impersonal monism".

147     Shrivasa: Lord, please don't speak in this way.  For they who taste the honey of Your lotus feet, this is no path to take.

          Bhagavan: Then why do you say I walk on it?

148     Shrivasa: It is not a false claim.  The truth about You cannot be hidden.  Advaita is not at fault.  You are at fault, for You said: "I will show this form to You."

          A Voice From Behind the Scenes: True. True.

149     Shrivasa: If this person is an oracle, then I am right.

          Again a Voice From Behind the Scenes: Ah, true.  Finished with her cooking, Saci-devi now waits for Advaita to come with her son.  The sun is already in the middle of the sky.

150     Shrivasa: (hears) We should not delay.  Tell the mother of the universe that we, Advaita Prabhu and the others, are coming with Lord Visvambhara.

          (Everyone Exits)


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Three Dana-vinodah

The Dana-keli Pastime


Act Three

1.       (Friendship enters).

          Friendship: Alas! Alas! I heard that my kinsman Renunciation is barely alive.  I don't know where he is.  I myself am alive only in name.  He also does not know where I am.  I will tell him.  (She looks in all directions).  Ah, who is this coming here?

2.       A blissful form like streams of nectar, flooding all directions with the splendour of its limbs, glancing with eyes of mercy and purifying everyone's heart, now approaches.  (She gazes with wonder).

3.       (Love of God enters)

          Love of God: (glancing in front) Ah!  Who is this, unhappy, her splendour crushed, and her body alive in name only, that gazes on me with longing and slowly comes before me?

4        Friendship: (looking carefully) Ah!  This is Love of God!  I recognise her from her description.  I will go to her and offer respects.  (She approaches)  Goddess, I, Friendship, offer respects to you.

5.       Love of God: (with surprise) You are Friendship?  Come.  Daughter, come here.  (She embraces Friendship)  Friendship, tell  me, why, so unhappy, do you wander all alone?

6        Friendship: When my friends were defeated by Kali's friends, overcome with fear, I fled for my life.  Why do you ask about my misfortune?

7        Love of God: Daughter, don't be afraid.  Stay with me.  I am the sister of your grandmother.

          Friendship: How is that?

8        Love of God: Consider this from the beginning.  Your father was the Mercy of the Lord, and your mother Attachment to the Lord's Devotees.  In time they had many children.

9        One, a son, was named Discrimination, and there were many daughters who were all named Devotional Service.  Discrimination and his wife Thoughtfulness had a daughter named Non-envy.

10      Non-envy married Equanimity and had two sons, Naturalness and Purity, and you, her daughter Friendship, who have brought me great happiness.

11      Because some were filled with nectar and some had no nectar, the daughters named Devotional Service divided into two groups.  The daughters of the first group, who, because of touching the modes of material nature had no nectar, were many, and the daughters of the second group, who were full of nectar, were ten.

12      The six kinds of Devotional Service in the six rasas of conjugal love, wonder, neutrality, humour, friendship, and parenthood, are the best.  The lead to attachment to the Lord.

13      Friendship: The best is Love of God?

14      Love of God: Pure Love of God is like an ocean and all rasas and ecstasies are like waves that rise and fall in it.

15      Each rasa has a certain kind of bliss.  Pure Love of God has all bliss.  In the full bliss of Love of God the different kinds of bliss are all manifest.

          In this way I have described your family.

16      Friendship: Goddess, where are you going now, all alone?

17      Love of God: Friendship, by the order of Lord Visvambhara, who is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is our only shelter, who has enjoyed the pastimes of all incarnations, and who now wishes to taste the love of Vrndavana's queen (Radha), I am working to purify everyone's heart.

18      Friendship: Where are you going?

          Love of God: To the place where the Lord, the well-wisher of all the worlds, will act Her (Radha's) part in a play to bless the great devotees.

19      Friendship: Where is that?

          Love of God: Acaryaratna's courtyard.

20      Friendship: Why would the Supreme Personality of Godhead act the role of a woman?

21      Love of God: Child, you don't understand.  The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who has all rasas within Himself, enjoys wonderful pastimes to please all the devotees.  Each according to his own desire, the devotees follow Him in His pastimes.  To bring Her (Radha's) ecstatic love into the hearts of some intimate devotees, the Lord will now act Her transcendental pastimes.  Nothing is sweeter than this.

22      Friendship: Tell me: Will this be a formal play with separate acts, or an improvisation?

          Love of God: It will be a play with acts.

23      Friendship: Tell me: Who will take what role?

          Love of God: Daughter listen.  Thinking that He should personally take Radha's role because it is so secret no other person can take it, and thinking that Advaita is the incarnation of Lord Siva...

24      ...the Lord personally took the role of Radha and gave to Advaita the role of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  The truth is the Lord divided Himself in two for the two roles.

25      When Advaita dressed for that role, Lord Hari personally came and appeared in Him.

26      Haridasa will be the Sutradhara, Mukunda will be the pariparsvika, and Vasudeva Acarya will make arrangements behind the scenes.

26      Goddess Yogamaya, the elderly lady who arranges the meeting of Shri Radha and Krishna, will take shelter of Nityananda's body.

27      Friendship: Who will be the audience?

          Love of God: The Lord has already said who may come.  He said:

28      Shrivasa, please arrange that only qualified persons and not others, enter...

29      When the words were only half finished, Shrivasa said: "Lord, what will determine who is qualified and who not, and where will they go?  Again the Lord said:

30      "Shri Radha will sweetly appear in Acaryaratna's courtyard.

31      Friendship: Then? Then?

32      Love of God: Then, although there were some doubt in his mind, accepting the Lord's order, Shrivasa made the great brahmana devotee Gangadasa the doorkeeper.

33      Friendship: Then? Then?

34      Love of God: Then the Lord told Shrivasa: "Shrivasa, you will be Narada, and Suklambara will be your brahmacari assistant.  The chorus of singers will be Acaryaratna, Vidyanidhi and your three brothers headed by Shrirama."  In this way the Lord assigned the parts.

35      Besides these, no one else was allowed entrance.  Only the wives of Shrivasa and his brothers, and the wives of Candrasekhara, Murari, and some others who had already come were allowed.  They were also qualified to be there.

36      (From Behind the scenes the sound of mrdangas, karatalas, and other instruments).

          Love of God: Child, listen.  The play has begun.

37      Again a Voice From Behind the Scenes: "May Lord Shri Krishna be all glorious and happy!  He is known as the ultimate resort of all living entities, and as Devaki-nandana, the son of Devaki.  He is the guide of the Yadu dynasty, and with His mighty arms He kills everything inauspicious as well as every man who is impious.  By His presence He destroys all things inauspicious for all living entities, moving and inert.  His blissful smiling face always increases the lusty desires of the gopis of Vrndavana."*

          Note: This is a quote from Shrimad Bhagavatam (10.90.48).

38      "May Shri Radhika, Her face like the full moon, Her eyes like lotuses, Her breasts like cuckoo birds, Her smile like a white lotus, Her neck like a conchshell, and Her beauty crushing Laksmi's pride, filled with all-auspiciousness, and like the auspicious introduction to this wonderful play of the Lord's pastimes in Vrndavana, bless you all."

39      Love of God: It is so.  My guess was right.  That was Sutradhara, Haridasa, that recited a verse from Shrimad Bhagavatam as the auspicious invocation.  This shows that the play will be either a one-act bhana or a many-act rupaka, for they are both forms in which, as the sastra says, "the introduction is spoken from behind the stage."  Child, do you want to see this?

40      Friendship: Why should I be so fortunate?

41      Love of God: Why are you afraid?  I will be with you.  By my power no one will see you, and by your kindness no one will see me.

42      Friendship: I am your debtor.

          Love of God: Come.  (They exit).

43      (Playing the role of the Sutradhara, Haridasa enters.  At some distance, unseen, Friendship and Love of God sit).

          Sutradhara: (holding a flower-offering in his folded palms) Illuminating all directions with splendid moonlight, filling all directions with a sweet fragrance, a place of happiness, pure from the touch of the Lord's lotus feet, glorious with the splendour of the moons of His toenails, and like this play's secret smile, this flower-offering is now scattered.  (He does that).

44      Love of God: (looking) You have done well.  Although the invocation was recited behind the scenes, at the time of worship, you have offered this handful of flowers to the Lord.  Look, child! Look!

46      A necklace on his neck, kundalas and avatamsas on his ears, a garland on his broad chest, bracelets and armlets on his arms, a turban on his head, and ankle-bells on his feet, Haridasa is like the personified splendour of the dramatic art.

47      Friendship: Goddess, this does not follow the path of the scriptures.

48      Love of God: Listen.  One path is the rules of scripture.  Another path is spontaneous love.  The first follows rules.  The second does not.

49      Friendship: The path without rules takes a long time.

50      Love of God: Not always.

51      During a flood a boat can quickly go without following any established path.  At another time even the most established path is difficult on the winding river.

52      Enough with this talk! Let us listen as the Sutradhara recites.

53      Sutradhara: Enough with these elaborate speeches!  Today, as I was returning from my daily prayers and obeisances at Lord Brahma's lotus feet, the great sage Narada approached me and said:

54      "O king of actors, for a long time I have wished that Your dramatic acting would place before my eyes the moonlight of the pastimes of Vrndavana-vihari Krishna.  With your dramatic skill please let this desire be fulfilled today."

55      That I will  now try to do.  (looking ahead) Oh! Oh! Here! Here!

56      (Pariparsvika enters)

          Pariparsvika: What does his lordship order?

          Sutradhara: Gentle one, today I met Lord Narada.

57      Pariparsvika: What happened?

          Sutradhara: Today, as I was returning from my daily prayers and obeisances at Lord Brahma's lotus feet, the great sage Narada approached me and said: "O king of actors, for a long time I have wished that Your dramatic acting would place before my eyes the moonlight of the pastimes of Vrndavana-vihari Krishna.  With your dramatic skill please let this desire be fulfilled today."  That I will now try to do.

58      Pariparsvika: Lord, how is it that saint Narada, who is the son of Brahma and the younger brother of the sages headed by Sanaka and Sanandana, and who himself always tastes the bliss of Brahman, thirst after Shri Krishna's earthly pastimes and request this of you?

59      Sutradhara: That is a great secret.  Shrimad Bhagavatam says: (1.7.20): "Those who are self satisfied and unattracted by external material desires are also attracted to the loving service of Shri Krishna, whose qualities are transcendental and whose activities are wonderful."*

60      Pariparsvika: The saints may engage in devotional service, but why would they become attracted to the Lord's pastimes on earth?

          Sutradhara: Don't speak in that way.

61      Lord Hari's pastimes on earth are sweeter than His pastimes in Vaikuntha.  The stories of His pastime incarnations are very sweet, and the stories of His creation of the universes are dry and tasteless.

62      The Bhagavatam (10.33.36) says: "By hearing Lord Krishna's pastimes one becomes devoted to Him."  In this way even ordinary men become devoted to the Lord.  Shri Narada is especially attached to the Lord's pastimes in Vrndavana.  He is the teacher of the Gopala maha-mantra.  Therefore His attachment is proper.  The actors should be given their roles without delay.

63      Pariparsvika: Lord, let us wait until the great sage arrives.

64      Sutradhara: He is almost here already.  A person who can travel in out space does not delay.

65      Pariparsvika: If that is so, then tell me: What drama will we perform?

66      Sutradhara: "Radha and Mukunda's Dana-keli", a play Yogamaya, in the form of an elderly lady, wrote.

67      Pariparsvika:  How will we stage this play on such short notice?

          Sutradhara: How indeed?

68      Pariparsvika: Listen.  Your daughters can expertly perform this play.

69      Sutradhara: (worrying) Tell me: would they be good for the parts?

          Pariparsvika: They would be, but they have already happily gone to Vrndavana to worship Lord Gopisvara.

70      Sutradhara: What will I do?  Will Narada accept this excuse?  Ah, I fear his curse.

71      Pariparsvika: Why worry?  They will soon return.

          Sutradhara: Gentle one, you don't understand.

72      These girls don't know the road, and they have no companion to guide them, and a terrible elephant dark as a raincloud, His hand filled with toll collections, waits for them.

73      Pariparsvika: Your mother-in-law Jarati, who is empowered by Yogamaya, is with them.

          Sutradhara: (laughing) Then I will not worry.

74      What an this old lady, who cannot see the road or hear words, do to help them?

75      Pariparsvika: Don't talk in that way.  She is a powerful yogini.  Age has not hurt her mind.  As it grows older the waxing moon does not grow weak.  It shines brighter than before.

76      A Voice From Behind the Scenes:  O king of actors, what is the delay in this performance?

77      Sutradhara: (hearing) O gentle one, look! The great sage joyfully hurries here, eager to see our play.

78      We have not made any preparations!  Let us go and find these girls.

79      Pariparsvika:  As it pleases you.  (Having thus briefly acted in the play, they exit).

80      (Followed by his servant, Narada enters).

          Narada: O king of actors, why are you late?  (He searches for the Sutradhara).

          Love of God: Child Friendship, look! Look!

81      Playing the great vina on his shoulder, japa-beads like a bracelet on His right wrist, and his matter hair like lightning, splendid as Mount Kailasa, Devarsi Narada comes before us.

82      Child, offer obeisances to him.  He is a great sage and devotee.  The Bhagavatam (1.6.38) says of him:

83      "All glory and success to Shrila Narada Muni because he glorifies the activities of the Personality of Godhead, and so doing he himself takes pleasure and also enlivens all the distressed souls of the universe."*

84      Friendship: (offering obeisances) Goddess, you said, "Shrivasa will take the role of Narada."  Why has Narada himself come?

85      Love of God: Because he is an empowered incarnation of Narada, Shrivasa manifested Narada's actual form.  Advaita and the others are different from their roles.  Just accept them as you see them.

86      Narada: Snataka, why is no one to be seen?

87      Snataka: Devarsi, the king of actors has taken his troupe to Vrndavana to do his play there.  Come, let us go there.

88      Narada: Isn't this Vrndavana?

89      Snataka: O great soul, overcome with bliss, you have forgotten yourself.  Even though you are the greatest authority on Vrndavana, now you do not recognise Vrndavana.

90      Narada: Snataka, you say the truth.

91      Among those whose heart and senses are overcome by the madness of spiritual bliss, who is able even to recognise his own self, hat to speak of other things?  Please show me the path.

92      Snataka: This way.  This way.

          (They walk about).

93      Love of God: (looking) Ah! The great devotee naturally loves Vrndavana.

94      Narada: (walking a short distance) Now we see eternal Vrndavana, beautiful with spiritual places and spiritual vines and other features, everywhere filled with splendid and blissful birds and deer, and glorified in the Vedas as the spiritual sky beyond the Viraja River.  What can be better for the eyes to see?

95      Even my father, Lord Brahma, wished to take any sort of birth here.  He says in the Bhagavatam (10.14.34): (He plays the vina and dances as he recites the verse) "It would be the greatest fortune for me to take any birth whatever, even that of a blade of grass, within this forest of Gokula, because then I could accept the dust of the residents' feet on my head."*

96      Snataka: If at every step you are overcome with the ecstasy of love, how will you go anywhere?

97      Narada: (becoming serious) Show the way.

          Snataka: This way.  This way.

          (They walk about).

98      (From behind the scenes flute music).

          Snataka: Devarsi, this is Vrndavana.  I hear the sweet music of the Lord's flute.

          Narada: (listening) You say the truth.

99      Glory to Lord Krishna's flute-music, which bites the heart, which is maddened the chatter of swans in a lake of sweet nectar, which is the song of bees in a flower-garden of love, and which is the roll of drums announcing a battle of transcendental amorous pastimes!

100     Love of God: Child, now Lord Shri Krishnacandra will enter.  Now we will forget all we have suffered since birth, and the purpose of our eyes will be fulfilled.

101     Friendship: All this is because of the mercy of your feet.

102     Narada: (carefully looking) Snataka, it is true.  This is the flute-music of Vraja's prince.

103     (Dancing as he plays the vina) The mountains shed tears, the leaves of the trees and vines stand erect in ecstasy, and the rivers are stunned.  Ah! Ah! Lord Hari's flute-music is manifest.

104     Snataka: It is right that you dance, because...

105     ...the lotus feet that are the form of the greatest bliss, that are sought by the Vedas, relished by those wealthy with spiritual opulences, and worshipped by the great demigods headed by Brahma and Siva, will now come before our eyes.

106     Devarsi, let us hide for a moment.  Will Krishna come here with His friends?  Will the sweet, fortunate, shy, exalted gopis suddenly come here?

107     Narada: You speak the truth.  Let us do that.  (They do that).

108     (Carrying a kadamba stick and playing a flute, charming, threefold-bending Shri Krishna enters with His friends).

          Shri Krishna: Friend, this is the great beauty of Vrndavana.

109     Look! The vasanti vine smiles, the young bakula tree is full of buds, the asoka tree is happy and carefree, the campaka flowers are splendid, the saintly punnaga tree is beautiful with many bunches of flowers, and the sumanah-flower grove is filled with a fragrant breeze.

110     Friends: O friend, why should Your pastime-garden not be very beautiful?

111     Love of God: (looking) Ah! What is this?  This is not Advaita.  This is not expert costuming and acting.  Lord Hari has personally appeared.  The real thing is the most wonderful.  The real form of Krishna now pleases us and fills us with wonder.

112     (Looking again and thinking) a person who is not Krishna cannot become Krishna.  Krishna can assume many forms.  He, the supreme whole, can assume the form of any of His parts and parcels, but how can one of His parts and parcels assume the form of Him, the whole?

113     This is not Advaita.  This is not expert acting and costuming.  Krishna has personally appeared.

114     Narada: (looking from far away, he becomes blissful)  Ah! What is this?  Churned from the nectar ocean of intense bliss, by the Mohini-incarnation of His mercy given to the happy devotees, and at every moment drunk by them according to their different desires, this perfect dark nectar never changes and never grows old.

115     He is splendid as a new cloud and more charming than millions of Kamadevas, His face is glorious as the autumn full-moon, His large red eyes are new lotus petals, and His bimba-fruit lips are splendid with the flowers of His teeth.

116     He is coming here.  Let us hide in this grove and watch.

          Snataka: So be it.  (They do that).

117     Shri Krishna: Friend Subala, friend Shridama, friend Sudama, why do I not see my dear friend, the brahmana Kusumasava?  Please go and look for him.

          Friends: As You order, we will search for him.  (They search for him).

118     (Tossing the curtain aside, the buffoon hastily enters).

          Buffoon: O friend, save me! Save me!

          Shri Krishna: Why are you afraid?

119     Buffoon: Friend, I just now saw an old yogini leading through the forest five pretty young girls to worship Lord Siva.  Only by Your mercy did I escape.  They would have captured me and offered me to the deity.  That is why I am afraid.

120     Shri Krishna: (laughing) Friend Subala, what is this?

121     Subala: I have been standing here, but I understand.  Although forbidden by Her elders, with Her grandmother Radha happily came on Her own to the forest to worship Lord Siva.  Seeing the grandmother, and mistakenly thinking her a yogini, this brahmana boy became afraid.  Actually the grandmother is famous as one of the Lord's internal potencies.

122     Buffoon: Ha ha! If that is so, then all these girls are about to fall into my dear friend's hand.  My dear friend's glorious virtues are a hunter's trap to capture the beautiful does that are Gokula's girls.

123     Narada: Snataka, we should not stay here.  By our mystic power let us go into the sky and watch from there.  (The exit)

124     A Voice From Behind the Scenes:  alas, noble lady, by what path can we approach Lord Siva?

125     Collecting tolls in different places and His hands itching for mischief, a wicked jungle-elephant entices many pious young girls in this place.

126     Subala: Friend, my words have borne their fruit. 

          Kusumasava: will my words not also bear fruit?  You carry a great burden of false pride.  (to Krishna)  Friend, now You should prepare for this event.

          Shri Krishna: What is the event?

127     Kusumasava: You did not hear the words: "Collecting tolls in different places and His hands itching for mischief, a wicked jungle-elephant entices many pious young girls in this place?"  The word "jungle-elephant" is appropriate, but the word "wicked" brings me pain.

128     Shri Krishna: (laughing and hiding His real feelings)  Why does it pain you that a jungle-elephant is called wicked?

129     Kusumasava: Aside from You, is there another elephant in this forest?

130     Again a Voice from Behind the Scenes: Diving again onto the forest-path, this elephant enjoys the toll-collecting pastime with His elephant-friends.  Alas, how will we go to our destination?

131     Kusumasava: Friend, let us hide for a moment in this grove.  Thinking all is safe, these girls will come here.  Everyone:  It is so.  (With Krishna, they enter the grove).

132     (Beautiful as the goddess of fortune, and beautiful as a newly-sprouted white-flower bud, and accompanied by her elderly grandmother and friends holding articles of worship in their hands, Shri Radha enters).

          Shri Radha: Friends, have we brought everything we need to worship Lord Siva?

133     Her friends: Yes.  We didn't bring the flowers.  They would wilt on the way.  We will pick them here.

134     Shri Radha: You  make Me happy.  You make Me happy.  Come we will pick them.  (They pick flowers).

135     Love of God: (looking) Ah! Wonderful! Chaitanya is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  Nothing is impossible for Him.

136     For Lord Visvambhara who, as His partial expansion Mohini-devi, bewildered the demigods' enemies and filled Lord Siva, the spiritually blissful king of the demigods, with lust, who descended as Lord Krishna, and who has now assumed Shri Radha's form, nothing is surprising.

137     Or perhaps it is that by His own pastime potency the Lord has divided into two equal parts, a man and a woman, as a pea is divided in two.

138     (looking in another place) Radhika's friend Lalita is not the great brahmana Gadadhara.  By his own potency Lord Hari has become three: Himself, Radha and Radha's friend.

139     (looking in again another place) Goddess Yogamaya, who subdues sins, who is peaceful, who is untouched by passion, whose eyes are like  lotus flowers, and whose hair is white as the darkness of ignorance turned to pure goodness, has appeared as Radha's grandmother.  This is  not Nityananda.  Nityananda, who is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, made Yogamaya appear here.  This is not surprising, because...

140-1 a great devotee in ancient times said (Yamunacarya in Stotra-ratna, Text 37) "O Lord, for your sake Ananta assumes many shapes to become your residence, bed, throne, sandals, garments, pillow, umbrella, parasol, and many other objects.  In this way His is known to the people as Your Sesa (paraphernalia)."

142     Shri Krishna: (gazing at Radha) Friend, is this a form created by Kamadeva, the king of artists?  Is this a wonder created by the painter Love?  Is this a beauty placed by Visvakarma on a jasmine flower?  Is this the goddess of sweetness born from the churning of the ocean of beauty?  Every day She fills Me with wonder as if I had never seen Her before.

143     Is this Kamadeva's chivalrous power, or the passion of spring, or the goddess of beauty's smile, or the pastime-place of good fortune, or the sweetness of bliss, or the smile of the goddess of fortune, or the sweetness of bliss, or the smile of the goddess of fortune, or the impersonal Brahman whose glories are described in the Upanisads, or the pastimes of the goddess of playfulness?  Who is this girl, Her cakora-bird eyes filled with wonder to see the moonlight of My eyes?  (He passionately looks at Her).

144     Shri Radha: Lalita, come.  Let's pick these lavanga flowers.  (She walks).

145     Jarati: Krishna is fond of this lavanga garden.  Don't go there.  If You do we cannot rescue You.

146     Lalita: We will leave you here and we will protect ourselves.  Why worry?  (All the girls happily pick flowers).

147     Shri Radha: Lalita! Save Me! Save Me! This nasty bee is attacking Me!

148     Her Friends: Dear friend, blinded with love by the scent of Your face, the restless bumblebee Krishna flew from the lavanga vine and now staggers about before You.

149     Shri Krishna: (passionately gazing) Friend, look! Look! Trembling, Her frightened eyes restless, and Her head turned down, She pushes with Her hand a bee landing on Her face.  In the tinkling of Her anklets, the bee has found only pain.

150     Kusumasava: Friend, this is our opportunity.  She is stealing our lavanga flowers.  You should take the stolen flowers by force.

151     Shri Krishna: This is sweet to see.  Still, I must follow my friend's advice.  (He approaches and arrogantly says): Wretched Lalita, who taught you to be so bold?  Are you mad?  Why are you so wild and reckless in My home of Vrndavana forest?

152     Again and again you come to My forest and strut here and there as ordinary women proud of their beautiful limbs, and you destroy the fruits, flowers, beautiful vines and forest groves.  You have made Me very unhappy.  You have acted improperly and insulted Me.  Fortunately, today I have seen you.  Now you will taste the fruit of your deeds.

153     Jarati: O Krishna, they need flowers.  They have not come to the middle of the forest to eat fruit.

154     Kusumasava: Noble lady, your intelligence has gone with your youth.  You don't understand that here the word "fruit" means "punishment for an offense".

155     Jarati: Brahmana baby,, the milk still clings to your throat.  What do you know?  Consider what is the offense here.  An offender should be punished, not us, Radha's friends.

          Note: "Ava" means "without", "sa" means "with" and "raha" means "Radha".  The word "avaraha" (offense) may also be interpreted to mean ""without Radha".  Jarati here says: We are with Radha.  We are not the "Without Radha" people You say should be punished.

156     Lalita: Child, what is your friend to this forest?

          Kusumasava: Lalita, He is the master.

157     Lalita: It is so.  If He were not the great enemy, how could our dear friend's forest be in such a sorry state?

          Note: In the previous text Kusumasava claimed that Krishna is Vrndavana's "ahi-ari" (master).  Here Lalita interprets the word to be "ahi-a-ari", which means "the great enemy".

158     Kusumasava: Lalita, you are showing off how smart you are.  So be it.  My friend is the great enemy of the forest.  How did this forest become your friend's property?

159     Lalita: She is the enjoyer of the forest.  That is the proof.  If it were not so, how could we pick flowers without any fear?

160     Jarati: Lalita speaks the truth.  This forest belongs to my granddaughter.  She appointed Her friend Vrnda goddess here.

161     Shri Krishna: (laughing) Noble lady, goddess Vrnda is your granddaughter's friend?

          Jarati: Wretched Krishna, how can there be any doubt?  She asked her to become the goddess.

162     Kusumasava: (in Krishna's ear) Friend, she is on their side.  Don't believe her words.

163     Subala: Kusumasava, don't be afraid! Lalita, the mark of my friend's name is His proof.  His name is on every tree.

164     Lalita: Even if that is so, we have not done any offense.  All the vines are stamped with the letters of my dear friend's name.  How is your friend master of the vines?  We have picked flowers only from the lavanga vines.

165     Jarati: Lalita, I perform arati to you.  You have spoken well.  Krishna, why do You quarrel with these girls in Your kingdom?  If You want the flowers, ask for them.  I will give the lavanga flowers to You.  Who does not love You?

166     Shri Radha: (passionately says to Herself these words in Sanskrit about Krishna) With its body it fills the world with blackness, with its face it fills the directions with the full moon, with its words it fills the ears with nectar, and with its glance it fills the sky with lotuses.  What is this thing?

167     Jarati: Krishna, take these flowers.  (She takes the flowers from the end of the girls' saris and scatters them before Krishna.)

168     Shri Radha: (covering Her face with the edge of Her sari, She smiles slightly).  Noble lady, what have you done?  How could you have done this with the flowers we picked to worship Lord Siva?

169     Shri Krishna: (aside, while looking at Radha) Ah! When She covers Her face with Her sari She becomes very beautiful.

170     This doe-eyed girl's mascara-decorated sidelong glance is like a restless khanjana bird in a cage.  The little I see of Her smile is like liquid camphor filtered through a cloth.

171     Lalita: (to Jarati) Noble lady, you should be afraid.  Why did you ruin the flowers we picked with great labour?  What is He to Vrndavana forest?

172     Jarati: Lalita, you are good at quarrelling.  False pride makes your heart itch to quarrel.  You stay and quarrel with these arrogant boys.  Come, granddaughter.  Come.  (Taking Radha, she is about to leave).

173     Shri Radha: Noble lady, where are we going?  We have not yet worshipped Lord Siva.

174     Kusumasava: Noble lady, there is a fine you must pay to my friend.  We have seen to your face how you have stolen flowers.  Pay your fine and you may all go.

175     Jarati: Brahmana child, what is this "fine"?

          Kusumasava: Friend Subala, tell her.

176     Subala: Noble lady, please hear.  Look, thinking him a suitable person, King Kamadeva gave the flowers in Vrndavana forest to my glorious friend and also gave Him authority to collect customs duties from the pious girls here.  O beautiful-eyed girls, pay the fine and go.  Don't do this dry arguing.

177     Jarati: So be it.  Your friend collects fines.  What does is that to us?  We are not subjects of King Kamadeva.

178     Kusumasava: So be it.  How could you, and old lady, be one of his subjects?

          Jarati: (angrily) Wretch, only if one has done something wrong need she fear paying a fine.

179     Subala: Dear friend, please give the answer Yourself.

          Shri Krishna: (with gravity) Listen.

180     You lotus-eyed girls may or may not have many jewels and other valuables.  Give Me some of them in the swinging vines of your arms.  That is the fine I ask.  Show me the jewels in this golden pitcher.

181     Her Friends: This pitcher has the things for Lord Siva's worship.

          Kusumasava: Fools! This is Lord Siva.  Worship Him.

182     Her Friends: Lord Siva is the great black god.

          Kusumasava: Is He not a great black god?  By His splendour the entire forest is black as a tamala tree?

183     Her friends: We worship the god that has the moon in his crown.

          Kusumasava; Look! Look! Does He not have the moon in His crown?  (He points to Krishna's peacock feather crown).

184     Her friends: Talkative boy, we worship the husband of the fair goddess Gauri.

          Kusumasava: You do not have fair complexions?

185     Jarati: Child, you think your friend is the husband of these girls?  Stop! Stop! will I not see you later in the village?

187     Her friends: Talkative fool, We worship the protector of the helpless.

          Kusumasava: He protects these cows.  Is He not protector of the helpless?

188     Her Friends:  You say that.  We are helpless.  Why does He not protect us?

189     Subala: So be it.  We are all helpless.  Because you know He is the protector of the helpless, you should worship Him.  Show us what you are carrying in these jars and then you may go in peace.  What is the use of this fruitless bickering?

190     Radhika: Friends, show them.  (Her friends do that.)

191     Kusumasava: (looking) This is musk.  This is kunkuma.  This is black aguru.  This is sandal paste.  This is camphor.  This is artistically made in the shape of a snake.

          Jarati: Snake, bite this boy!

192     Kusumasava: Noble lady, why would  my friend, the subduer of Kaliya, fear any snake?  Pay the fine and go.

193     Her Friends:  So be it.  We will worship Lord Siva and then go home.  If your friend comes there we will give whatever He asks.

194     Kusumasava: Servant girls, must my friend leave His home, go to your home, and beg from you?  Stop! Stop! (He is about to seize the paraphernalia of worship).

195     Lalita: The articles for worshipping the deity should not be dirtied by a cowherd prince!

196     Radha: Lalita, how can we offer to the deity what He has touched?  Give it to Him! Give it! We will go home and bring other things to worship the deity.  Noble lady, come.  Let us go home.  (She attempts to leave).

197     Krishna: (blocking the path) Ah, You who think Yourself so clever, where are You going?

          Radha: (feigning anger) The fine is paid.  What fine more do You want?

198     Krishna: (laughing and angry) What payment have You made?  This is the price.  Listen.

199     This golden lotus, above the pair of sapphire lotuses, and below the pair of ruby jewel-cases holding two strands of pearls.  All this I see.  You are hiding two golden jars.  What else are You hiding?  Girl, that I will have to see.

          Note: The golden lotus is Radha's head, the two sapphire lotuses are Her eyes, the two ruby-jewel-cases Her lips, the two strands of pearls Her teeth, and the hidden golden jars Her breasts.

200     Who are you to see?  You cannot see!

201     Jarati: (placing herself between Them, she says in Sanskrit) Son of Yasoda, don't be like that!  Why do You act as a villain with a greedy heart?  I tell You the truth.  If You do something that will create gossip about these pious girls, then it will not be good for You.

202     Lalita: (approaching Krishna, she angrily says in Sanskrit)  Who are You?

          Krishna: Madhava.

          Lalita: You are the month of April (madhava) personified?

          Krishna: O bewildered one, know that I am Janardana.

          Lalita: That explains why You live in the forest.

          Krishna: Who in the world does not know Me as the lifter of Govardhana Hill?

          Lalita: O killer of a bull, You have sinfully killed a cow!

          Note: In this exchange Lalita deliberately misinterprets Krishna's words.  When He says He is Madhava, she interprets it as the name for the month April.  When He says He is Janardana (He who rescues the living entities from sufferings), she interprets it backwards as "He who torments the living entities".  When He says He is Govardhana-dhara (the lifter of Govardhana Hill), she interprets "vardhana" to mean "violence" and claims that He is violent to the cows (go).

203     Love of God: Wonderful! Lord Hari's pastimes are sweet when portrayed by actors.  What can we say when they are portrayed by the Lord Himself and His personal associates?

204     The devotees know that ordinary actors and an ordinary audience cannot walk on the sweet path of these pastimes.  However, here, where both actors and audience are beyond the material world, what obstacle stands in their way?

205     Lord Krishna's activities in the material world are more wonderful than His activities in the spiritual world.  That is why they are called His playing (lila).  They attract the people of the material world.  That is the proof that they are actually beyond the touch of matter.  (Filled with wonder, she looks).

206     Kusumasava: Wicked, crooked, Lalita, my friend acts badly?  Stand! Stand and fight!

207     Subala: (joking and angry) It is true.  Your face does violence to the moon, the king of brahmanas.  Your eyes roll in intoxication.  Your form robs gold of its splendour.  You do not stop associating with Your guru's wife.  You associate with Kamadeva.  That is Your fifth sin.  The holy name of my friend, which destroys all sins, is the only way to become pure.  Still, You insist that my friend is wicked.

          Note: Subala, here claims that Radha has committed the five greatest sins.  1.  killing a brahmana (Because the moon is the king of brahmanas, the beauty of Her face, which eclipses the moon, has killed a brahmana). 2. intoxication (She is intoxicated by Krishna's handsomeness).  3. stealing gold (Her complexion robs gold of its splendour).  4. intimate association with the guru's wife (Guru means superior.  Her grandfather is Her superior.  She associates with Her grandmother.)  5. illicit sex (All this time She has been flirting with Krishna).

208     Friend, collectors of customs duties who are not bold are not very successful.  Therefore, now show Your power.

209     (Placing Himself between them, He turns His back to Radha, with His hand pushes Jarati, who is standing in front of Him, and tries forcibly to grasp the end of Radha's sari.  Jarati, freeing Radha by force, makes Her disappear and then also disappears herself.  Lord Nityananda becomes manifest, dancing).

210     Friendship: Goddess, what is this?  From where has Lord Nityananda suddenly appeared?  Where has Jarati gone?

211     Love of God: This is the power of Yogamaya.  She entered Nityananda, became Jarati, and now thinking this incomplete nectar sweet enough, has disappeared.  Now Nityananda is present in His own form.

212     The natural condition is always the strongest.  It always eclipses whatever is artificial.  Water warmed by fire or the sun does not stay warm for long.

213     Now the play ends.  That is the Lord's pastime.  It does not follow the ordinary rules of drama.  Look! Advaita! Advaita!

214     Friendship: I do not see what kind of form Lord Chaitanya has now.

          A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Look! A sannyasi! A sannyasi!

215     Love of God: Ah, what are these horrible unexpected words?  I will look.  A sannyasi enters the Lord's garden.  Someone stares at him and cries.  Let us go.  (They both exit)

          (Everyone exits).


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Four Sannyasa-parigrahah

Acceptance of Sannyasa


Act Four

1.       (Sacidevi enters, followed by Acaryaratna's wife).

2        Saci: Bhagini, why does Visvambhara worship this sannyasi?  The sannyasi has not asked Him for service.

3        Bhagini:  How would I know why He worships him?

4        Saci: With great respect He gave alms to a sannyasi named Kesava Bharati.  And afterwards He gave me the remnants of the sannyasi's meal.  He was very devoted to this sannyasi-guru.

5        Bhagini: He was devoted to this sannyasi.

6        Saci: This sannyasi's name makes my heart tremble.  He taught my first son.  I will ask what he said to my son.

7        Bhagini: That is the right thing to do.

8        Saci: Where is my son?  Where is the sandal tree that delights my heart?  Do you know?

9        Bhagini: (looking ahead) O noble lady, look! Look! Here is your son, a full moon rising in the east.

10      (Saci: eagerly looks).

11      (Lord Visvambhara enters).

12      Visvambhara: (folding His hands) Mother, I offer My respectful obeisances.

13      Saci: May You live long.  (She smells His head).  Son, this is Acaryaratna's wife.  You should offer respectful obeisances to her.

14      (The Lord does that.  She pulls back in fear).

          Note: From this point on the speeches no longer identify Lord Chaitanya as Visvambhara.  He is now called Deva.

15      Saci: Son, I will ask about something.

16      Deva: Please order Me.

17      Saci: Son, why are You so respectful to this sannyasi?  Today You were very devoted to Kesava Bharati.

18      Deva: Mother, he is a great devotee of the Lord.

19      Saci: Speak the truth.  Are You going to take sannyasa?

20      Deva: (smiling) Mother, where did you get this foolish idea?  How can this be?

21      Saci: Son, Your older brother gave You a book.  While I was cooking, I put that book in the fire and burned it.

22      Deva: What book?  Why did you burn it?

23      Saci: Visvarupa said to me: "Mother, when Visvambhara becomes a learned scholar, give Him this book."  As long as He had not taken sannyasa, I carefully protected the book.  When He took sannyasa, I was afraid You would also take sannyasa.  Then I burned the book.

22      Deva: (one moment depressed and the next laughing) Mother, although you are the form of all knowledge, love for your son made you act foolishly.

23      Saci: Son, don't be offended with me.

24      Deva: How can a mother offend her sons?  If I have offended her, I pray My mother will forgive Me.  Please be merciful to Me.

25      Saci: Son, You have not offended me.

26      Deva: Mother, I will go travelling for some days.  Please don't be unhappy at heart.

27      Saci: Where are You going?

28      Deva: Mother, to bring happiness to you and My relatives I will search for Visvarupa.

29      Saci: You are their happiness.

30      Deva: Still, I should do this to increase your happiness.

31      Saci: So, please don't do anything that will make me unhappy.

32      Deva: Mother, Shri Krishna is your protector, father, mother, son, relative, wealth, source of eternal happiness, friend and worshipable Deity.  By always meditating on Him in your heart, you are always in His company.  You are fortunate.  Please know that for you there is happiness everywhere.

33      Saci: Son, for me You are everything.  By Your kindness I will not be unhappy.  Please act so I will see You.

34      Deva: You see Lord Krishna at every moment.  He will remove all your unhappiness.

35      Saci: So be it.  You are my Krishna.  Please rise.  It is now mid-day.  You should bathe and worship the Lord.  I will go to my cooking.  Bhagini, please go home.  It is time for you to cook for the Lord.

          (Exit all).

36      (Advaita enters)

          Advaita: Now the materialists, overwhelmed by the material senses, and the devotees, overwhelmed by the presence of the Lord, have both attained the same condition of love of God.  On the day the Supreme Personality of Godhead appeared in this world I danced in ecstatic joy, but today when I hear from someone's mouth that the Supreme Lord has entered this world I believe and doubt at the same time.  The all-powerful, supremely opulent Personality of Godhead is now known as Visvambhara.  The Supreme Lord, who is expert at unfolding the many dramas of the creation and annihilation of many millions of universes, and whose nectarlike fame, handsomeness, and pastimes destroy the darkness of ignorance in the living entities' hearts in this world, now displays His transcendental pastimes.  Without His mercy He cannot be understood.  He is not understood by pratyaksa (direct perception), anumana (mental speculation), upamana (analogy), sabda (Vedas), arthapatti (inference), aitihya (Puranas and Vedic histories), and other kinds of evidence.  Now he has manifest in this world the transcendental dance of His pastimes, which even I cannot understand.  Some will be bewildered by His pastimes, some will debate their nature, and some will understand the secrets of His pastimes.  (He looks up) Ah, the sun kisses the western horizon.

37      "You are my wife in name only.  All the planets rest upon you."  Insulted by her husband in this way, the goddess of the western horizon becomes red like molten iron.  What seems to be a red sunset is actually her red anger.

38      Perhaps that is not why sun is now red.  Perhaps the goddess of the western horizon is overwhelmed with happiness by the touch of her lover, the beginning of evening, and for this reason the garment of red clouds has fallen from her hips and the majestic ruby of the setting sun has slowly fallen from her belt.

39      Now handsome Lord Visvambhara may be seen.  He has stopped walking on the path.  Now He says His evening prayers.  (Advaita also desires to say His prayers).

40      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Now I have almost come to His home.  Now I have arrived.  Advaita is not here.  Why is He not here today?

41      Advaita: (listening) Ah! noticing My delay, the Lord will rebuke Me!  I must hurry,  (He exits).

42      (Tossing the curtain aside, he hastily enters).

          Shrivasa: Advaitadeva, the Lord orders: "I am going to Shrivasa's house.  You must go there."

43      Advaita: As the Lord orders.  (He walks with him and then looks ahead).  Now I will enter Shrivasa's house.  (He enters, and glances in the eastern direction).  Ah! This is delightful.

44      Delighting the eyes of the people in the world, rivers of the nectar of krishna-prema (love of Krishna) flowing from the cooling touch of His feet, and brining great pleasure to the earth, the moon of Lord Visvambhara rises.

          Note: If the word "pada" is interpreted to  mean "rays of light", and if the words "kau mudam" are interpreted to be the single word "kaumuda" (lotus), the verse may be interpreted in the following way:

          "Delighting the eyes of the people in the world, its cooling rays filled with sweet nectar, and making the lotus flowers bloom with happiness, the moon rises."

45      (Followed by Shrivasa and the other devotees, the Lord enters)

          Visvambhara: (lifting Advaita, who was offering dandavat obeisances) Welcome! an auspicious welcome!

46      Advaita: The sight of the moon of Your face has made it auspicious.

47      Deva: (respectfully offering obeisances to Him and embracing Him) Lord, please sit down.

48      Advaita: As You order.  (Everyone is comfortably seated).

49      Bhagavan: (to Advaita) All of us have already taken food and drink.  You must be tired and hungry from travelling on the road.  Why should there be a delay?  Shrivasa, you are the host.  Show hospitality to Him.

50      Advaita: Don't worry.  Today I have done all that need be done.

51      Bhagavan: (with joy) Now, in Shrivasa's courtyard cleansed with water and bathed in the golden moonlight,, perform the auspicious festival of bhagavat-sankirtana (chanting of the Lord's holy names).

52      Everyone: (with joy) Lord, please personally begin it.

53      Bhagavan: I will go to the courtyard.  (Everyone goes to the sankirtana place.  Exit all).

54      (Gangadasa enters)

          Gangadasa: I heard that Advaitadeva has come from Santipura.  I don't know where He is staying at Lord Visvambhara's home or Shrivasa's home.  I will find out.  (He takes a few steps).

55      (Tumultuous sounds of kirtana from behind the scenes)

          Gangadasa; (listening) Ah! Near Shrivasa's home I hear tumultuous sounds of sankirtana that delight all the devotees.  Perhaps Advaita is here.  I will stand here and look.  (Looking) Everyone is chanting the holy names, dancing and causing Lord Visvambhara to dance.

56      Formerly the Supreme Lord removed the great burden of many invincible demons from the earth.  I think that now, with His forceful steps, the Lord is removing the earth's unhappiness by personally dancing upon her with His devotees.

57      (Looks again) Ah! Is this personified bliss?  Is this personified transcendental love of Krishna?  Is this personified devotional faith?  Is this personified mercy descended to the earth?  Is this personified sweetness?  Is this the nine processes of devotional service appearing in a single form?  This is Vakresvara Pandita, whose transcendental bliss is equal to that of the Lord Himself, enjoying pastimes of dancing.

58      (From behind the scenes tumultuous sounds of bliss.  There is a tumult of "jaya's").

          Gangadasa: (looking) Ah! A great festival of transcendental bliss.  Accompanied by many karatalas, Lord Gaurachandra loudly sings while Vakresvara dances.  Now Vakresvara sings while Lord Gaurachandra dances.  Vakresvara feels transcendental bliss equal to that of the Lord Himself.

59      (Again from behind the scenes a tumult of "jaya jaya" and "ululu").

          Gangadasa: (looking for a long time) Ah! Lord Visvambhara has begun to dance.  With thunderous shouts turning the devotees into dancing peacocks, with flowing tears filling the world with an unending monsoon, and with a flood of splendour filling the directions with lightning, the Visvambhara raincloud, delighting the world, dances.

60      Glory to Lord Gaurachandra who, with glances throwing garlands of lotus flowers on every direction, with tears sprinkling nectar and with moving eyebrows making swarms of black bees, dances in a circle!

61      Glory to the circular dance of Lord Visvambhara, who with footsteps brings tears of bliss to Naga-nagara, with raised arms makes Sura-puri dance, and with splendid whirling limbs makes the circle of the directions spin!

62      (Looking again) Now Lord Advaita has begun to dance.  As Shrivasa and his three brothers, headed by  Rama Dasa, sweetly sing, and as Lord Visvambhara and Vakresvara Pandita happily look on, Lord Advaita, decorated with anklets, armlets, necklace, bracelets, belt and other ornaments, continually dances, as if He were personified devotional service.

63      A great, splendid turban on His head, His pearl earrings swinging, a beautiful golden necklace moving on His chest, His anklets moving, the hairs of His body standing erect, and His face bathed in tears, Lord Nityananda dances with great attention.

64      (Looking to the sky) Ah! Nine hours of the night have passed.  Only three hours remain.  My eyes are rolling.  The goddess of sleep has overcome me.  I will sleep for a moment.  (Falling asleep he dreams and says:) O Visvambharadeva, where are You?  Where are You?  (After dreaming in this way, he again wakes up)  I saw a nightmare.  (In his heart he meditates for a moment on the Lord's lotus feet and then looks in the direction of the back of the stage.)  Alas! I don't see anyone.  When the sankirtana ended the Lord and His associates left to take rest.  So be it.  I will also go home.  (He takes a few steps) Ah! The night has ended.

65      (Looking to the east) Look! The infant sun has crossed the boundary of the eastern horizon.  Although he is barely able to walk, time prods him, and he now traverses the ocean of sky.

66      (Takes a few steps and then looks ahead)  Ah, who is this person walking quickly, as if eager to find someone?

67      (A man hastily enters)

          Man: Ah, Gangadasa, Lord Visvambhara is at your house?

68      Gangadasa: (joyful) O my good fortune!  I will go to see Him.  He has personally come to my home.

69      Man: I ask:  Is Lord Visvambhara at your house?

70      Gangadasa: (with unhappiness) why do you ask?

71      Man: On any other day He would go to His own home early in the morning and perform His morning duties.  Today He has not come.  Sacidevi sent me to find him.  (After speaking these words, he goes off to find another person).

72      (Another man hastily enters, asks the same question, and then exits.  Another, and yet another, and yet another man asks the same question and again exits.)

73      Gangadasa: (with unhappiness) Alas! My nightmare has borne fruit!  What will I do?  I will go to Advaita and the other devotees.  (He takes a few steps).

74      (The devotees, headed by Advaita, enter.  They are unhappy, and make various conjectures to understand the situation.)

75      Advaita: Shrivasa! What is the news?  This morning we all thought the Lord returned to His own home, and Mother Saci thought the Lord stayed at the home of Shrivasa or another devotee.  We are all bewildered.  Our hearts are anxious.  How can we know what has happened?  Will lightning suddenly strike us today?

76      Shrivasa: None of the men we sent to find Him has returned.

77      Advaita: If anyone had seen Him in the search they would have returned.  It must be that no one found him.  What could have happened?

78      He is the Supreme Lord who appears by His own will.  In this village who has the power to hid Him?  How could the Lord hide Himself?  He is like a brilliant sun no one can cover.  who can cover the sun when it shines in the daytime sky?

79      Shrivasa: Here comes Gangadasa.  Let's ask him.

80      (Approaching) Gangadasa: O fortunate souls, why are you suddenly unhappy?

81      Everyone:  We are searching for Him, and he asks is this question!

82      Advaita: (with tears) O Visvambharadeva, O treasure-house of transcendental qualities, O ocean of love for Krishna, O Lord who has descended to rescue the poor conditioned souls, O cintamani jewel of the devotees, You have blinded our eyes.  You have filled all the directions with blinding darkness.  You have made desolate the hearts of all living entities.  What offense have we committed that made You leave us?

83      Murari: O Lord Advaita, You are very grave and profound.  Why do You lament in this way before we are even certain that the Lord has actually left us?  By seeing You, saintly Sacidevi will suffer as You suffer.

84      Shrivasa: Murari speaks the truth.  He is her only son.  He is like her only eye.  He is her only happiness.  She thinks of Him as her spiritual master.  Mother Saci cannot live for a moment without Him.

85      Now we must act to protect her life.  Gangadasa, she has faith in your words.  You must speak to her in such a way that her life is not lost.

86      Gangadasa: As you order me.  (He exits).

87      Gadadhara: (with pathos) O Lord, three hours have passed, six hours have passed.  Nine hours have passed.  Alas, the day is almost ended.  Gradually the rope o hope is breaking.  My life is breaking with it.  O Lord, still no news of You has entered the pathway of my ears.  (He faints).

88      Vakresvara: O ocean of mercy, will You leave us and go away?   Last night You gave us Your mercy and the nectar of Your great love.  To what may Your mercy be compared?  To what may Your indifference in leaving us be compared?  O master of our hearts, O Lord, both Your mercy and Your leaving us are not ordinary.  They are not part of this material world.  (He faints).

89      Murari: (agitated) Outside I am peaceful and composed.  In my heart I shed many tears.  The tears have greatly increased.  One by one a flood of tears is pushing beyond the barrier I set to contain them.  (He calls out again and again, cries, and falls to the ground).

90      Shrivasa: (looking at him) He is a very grave and profound person.  He is overwhelmed by very intense love.

91      As long as the barrier was not broken, the flood of tears remained within.  When the barrier was broken, the flood covered everything.

92      O Lord Visvambhara, where are You?  Where are You?  I was dead.  Why did You bring me back to life?  Now that You have brought me back to life, why do You not kill me again?  O Lord, my heart cannot understand Your mischief?  Why does the Supreme Lord act as a child?  (He cries).

93      Mukunda: If we cannot see Your face, what is the use of our eyes?  If we cannot hear Your words, what is the use of our ears?  O master of our lives, O Lord, if You neglect us, what is the use of our wretched, painful lives?

94      Jagadananda: (with tears) Our hearts have decided that we cannot live for even a moment without Your lotus feet.  O Lord, we are ashamed to live for more days if we cannot see You.  (He faints).

95      Damodara: O master of our lives, where are You?  Where are You?  Life, why do you not leave this corpse?  The Lord of my life now wanders all alone.  Go to His lotus feet and worship them.  Then the loving devotees will not be at fault.  (He faints).

96      Haridasa: Alas! Alas! If the life-airs do not at once leave when the master of life departs, if they do not leave in the next moment, or if they do not leave at all, then they must bear many millions of harsh rebukes.  These life-airs will not sit still.  They torture the person that bears them.

97      Let me think for a moment.  If the Lord will not enter the pathway of my eyes, and if He will not glance with mercy on a person like me, then, yearning to attain His lotus feet, I will give up many thousands of lifetimes strong and hard as thunderbolts as if they were a single blade of grass.  (He becomes composed and rapt in thought).

98      Love, I offer my respects to you.  Love, you do not appear without cheating others.  What can I say?  You even cheat me from the sincerely merciful Lord Visvambhara.  If you are not cheating me, why do you allow me to remain alive in this body?  (Overcome, he falls to the ground and cries).

99      Murari: O great devotees, please consider: Did the Lord go all alone, or in the company of someone else?

100     Advaita: Why should we consider this?  No one saw Lord Gaurachandra walking on the road.  Splendid as a host of lightning flashes, Lord Gaurachandra has not appeared in anyone's sight.

101     Murari: This consideration can help us find Him.

102     Everyone: How is that?

103     Murari: Let us think about His associates.  Who is not here right now?

104     Everyone: He has spoken well.  (They all think about the situation).

105     Murari: Ah! I know.

106     Everyone: What is it?

107     Murari: Lord Nityananda and Acaryaratna.

108     Everyone: What does this mean?

109     Murari: If these two are not present with us in this painful calamity, then they must have gone with Him.

110     Everyone: (somewhat relieved) If this is true, and He is not alone, that gives us some relief.

111     Advaita: Mukunda, please comfort Mother Saci with this message: "O Mother, do not be anxious for Him.  To attend to some business the Lord has gone somewhere with Lord Nityananda and Acaryaratna.  He is now about to return."  Say these words to her.

112     Mukunda: As You order.  (He exits).

113     Advaita: O dear devotees of Lord Visvambharadeva, now our hearts have become a little peaceful.  Because the Lord is in the company of two intelligent and expert devotees, even though He is supremely independent, He will not act independently.  Why did He act in this way?  Let us think.

114     If He has gone on a pilgrimage tot he holy places, why would it be a secret?  If, out of love for them, He wished to travel with these two alone, then He might have done this.

          (Everyone becomes silent and thinks about this for a moment).

115     A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Alas! Alas! Alas! Alas! Alas! For three days the devotees have not heard any news.  Are they dead and lifeless, or have they fainted unconscious?  O fate, now that I have seen our dear Lord in this condition, how can I leave Him and return to the devotees?  I should at once give up my body in this place.

116     Everyone: (listening) Ah! We hear a sound like the voice of Acaryaratna.  Even though we cannot clearly see him, by hearing the sound of him crying in a choked up voice, we think it is he.  (They all listen attentively).

117     Again a Voice From Behind the Scenes:  Alas! Alas! I am sinful and fallen!  Why did I not go with Him?

118     Alas! Alas! The Lord acts according to the desires in His devotees' hearts.  He cannot disobey their wishes.  Still, His actions sometimes bring us pain.  He is like the sun, and we are like suryakanta jewels.  The sun shines on a suryakanta jewel, which bursts into flame because of the sun's rays and cannot escape.

119     Everyone: (listening) We think this is Acaryaratna who has left the company of the Lord and come here.  It is he who has said: "Alas! Alas! The Lord does not disobey His devotees' wishes".  Although he is now burning in the flames of his misfortune, he is the beginning of our relief.

120     Murari: I think Nityanandadeva is still in Visvambhara's company.  It is as if Acaryaratna was sent here for a specific purpose.

121     Advaita: Why should Visvambhara come here? He will not come to accumulate wealth.  He will not come to comfort His mother.  We are not fortunate.  He will simply send us to bring her.  What is the use of brooding like this?  I do not know how a more bitter fruit can grow on the poison tree of My misfortune.  (He broods).

122     Again, the Voice from Behind the Scenes: Alas! Alas! I am sinful and fallen.  Why did I not follow behind Him?  Why did my eyes not burn with pain as I gazed at His form?  Why did my life not at once leave this body when He said: "Now you should leave?"  O Visvambhara, I was cheated by Your illusory potency.

123     Everyone: (They listen, and then they face in the direction of behind the scenes) Let us see who it is.  Don't delay.  (They look).

124     (Acaryaratna enters)

          Acaryaratna: Where is His glistening, curling, black hair.  Why did He shave His head? Where is the opulent cloth around His waist?  Alas! Alas! Why did He accept a sannyasi's kaupina?  (He reflects for a moment).  They who know the truth know this is His transcendental pastime.  It is not a material act.  He is the omniscient Supreme Personality of Godhead and everything rests in Him.

125     Everyone: (eagerly approaching) Acarya, tell us.  Tell us.  Where is the Lord?

126     Acaryaratna: Ah! What will this fallen, sinful person say?

127     Advaita: Tell us.  What happened?

128     Acaryaratna: (In His ear) It is just as I said.

129     Advaita: Why cover the news with your hand? Speak it openly.  Everyone should hear it.

130     Acaryaratna: (with tears, calling out loudly) Your jubilant singing and dancing in kirtana has come to an end.  Your sweet, affectionate smiles and words are now only in our hearts.  Alas! Alas! Your love and mercy remain only in our memories.  O Lord, Your acceptance of sannyasa has destroyed the great treasure of our lives.

131     (Everyone becomes overwhelmed).

132     Gangadasa: Acaryaratna, the Lord's mother asks: "Please tell me the good news of my auspicious Lord."

133     (Acaryaratna's throat is choked with tears).

134     Advaita: In My name, please tell her this: Ramacandra lived in the forest, Krishna went to Mathura, and your son has taken sannyasa.  In this way, you three mothers must bear the pain of separation from your sons.

135     Gangadasa: Ah! She guessed that he son has taken sannyasa.  What can be said to hide the truth that her son has followed the path of His older brother?  Ah, the Lord's transcendental pastimes are equally harsh and merciful.

136     Advaita: The mother is overwhelmed and has lost all peacefulness.  Why is the son so peaceful?  (He reflects for a moment).

137     "Accepting the renounced order, the Lord is always equiposed.  He is firmly fixed in His mission of chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, and He is firmly situated in His dualistic conclusion and His peace."*  The Lord has now fulfilled these words of the Vishnu-sahasra-nama prayers.

138     Now it will be right for the Lord to study the maha-vakya.  He has renounced the world.  For Him there are no longer material designations.  Acaryaratna, please tell us the story from the beginning.

139     Acaryaratna: I remained alive only to tell You this story.  when the night ended and the dancing was over, He took my hand.  We walked a few steps.  He saw Lord Nityananda and said to Him: "You also come."  Together we crossed the Ganga and then continued walking.  I said: "Lord, please tell me why we are alone and where are we going?"  He ignored me and remained silent.  He walked, we followed His steps, and He eventually entered the village name Katok, where He approached Kesava Bharati, the leader of the sannyasis.  At that moment both Nityananda and I felt very anxious at heart.

140     We though: "The Lord desires to take sannyasa."  The Lord's potency then overwhelmed us and we were not able to say anything to Him.  On the next day He said: "Acaryaratna, now you make all the arrangements."  I said: "What arrangements?"  Then the Lord told me what to do.  When I understood what He meant I became overwhelmed.  I was struck dumb.  I could not answer, but began to cry.  After that all the arrangements were automatically made in the right way.  Words cannot describe what happened then.

141     Everyone: (They listen, and become full of grief) O Lord, why have You done this?  For us this is the ripened fruit of the tree of suffering.  How can we criticise the Lord?  Alas! Alas! When this enters our memory, it cuts our hearts.  O Acaryaratna, how were you able to see all this?  (They become filled with grief).

142     Advaita: What name did the Lord accept in the sannyasa asrama?

143     Acaryaratna: Krishna Chaitanya.

144     Advaita: (filled with wonder) That is a very appropriate name.  Lord Krishna is the living force in all beings, and therefore He is called "Krishna Chaitanya".  This name is the ripened fruit of the maha-vakya's true meaning.

145     Because Kesava is a name of Lord Krishna, and "bharati" means "words", "Kesava-bharati" means the Vedic literatures, which are Lord Krishna's words.  This is described in Shrimad Bhagavatam, where Lord Krishna says to Uddhava (11.14.3):

          "When the creation took place, I spoke the Vedic knowledge to Brahma, because I Myself am the religious principles of the Vedas."

          Therefore the name Kesava Bharati means "The evidence of Vedic literatures."  Acaryaratna, tell us, what did the Lord do in that place?  What did He do in other places?

146     Acaryaratna: At that time the Lord accepted sannyasa and began His travels.

147     Advaita: Did He not say anything to you?

148     Acaryaratna: He was blinded with love of Krishna.  He repeatedly stumbled as He walked.  His chest was bathed in tears.  He was not aware even of His own self..  What could He say to me?

149     Advaita: Why did you not follow Him?

150     Acaryaratna: Lord Nityananda said: "I will follow the Lord.  As We wander from pathway to pathway, by some means I will lead Him to Advaita's home.  Go.  Bring this news to Advaita and the other devotees.  Remove their sufferings.  Bring them happiness."

151     Advaita: You are glorious! O Lord Nityanandadeva, You are glorious! Your sincere friendship has conquered Me.  Acaryaratna, go and comfort Sacidevi, and I will make the other arrangements.

          (Everyone exits).


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Five Advaita-pura-vilasah

Pastimes at Advaita's Home


Act Five

1.       (Shri Krishna Chaitanya enters, followed by Lord Nityananda).

          Shri Chaitanya: "I will cross over the insurmountable ocean of nescience by being firmly fixed in the service of the lotus feet of Krishna.  This was approved by the previous acaryas, who were fixed in firm devotion to the Lord, Paramatma, the Supreme Personality of Godhead."*

          (He stumbles)

          Note: This is a verse from Shrimad-Bhagavatam.

2        Nityananda: (aside) Ah! Wonderful! The fire of renunciation makes Him melt with the nectar of love for Krishna.  His limbs are contracted into a ball.  His heart is wounded with love.

3        Now I am alone.  What will I do?  Let Me think.  (He looks again) Ah! Wonderful! He splashes in waves of dancing.  He thunders with shouts of joy.  He is decorated with glistening jewels of perspiration, becoming stunned, and other symptoms of ecstasy.  An agitated ocean of bliss rocks His heart.  What kind of person is this, who can become so overwhelmed with ecstatic love of Krishna?

4        He walks as a cloud of kesara-flower pollen carried by a strong wind.  Even if I run I cannot keep up with Him.  Ignoring the objects of the senses, He wanders here and there, not noticing where He passes through towns or crosses rivers.

5        His eyes do not see whether He walks on the path, away from the path, over hills, across valleys, across rivers, or through forests.  He walks like an intoxicated wild elephant who does not see ahead, behind, or even His own self.

6        Somehow or other the impersonalists give up all sense-engagement.  The devotees full of love plunge into the handsomeness of the Lord's form.  If the Supreme Lord and the devotees are both full of bliss, what is the difference between them?  Ah! I understand.  The Lord is the independent source of His own bliss, but the individual living entity is dependent on the Lord for his bliss.

7        What will I do now? (He pauses for a moment).  For three days He has not eaten.  He has not drunk water or done anything else.  Dressed only in a kaupina and an outer garment, He is overcome with bliss.  Day and night the Lord walks, He does not know where He is going.  What will I do?  O Lord Gauranga, O ocean of mercy, I am suffering.  Please be kind.  Please be merciful to Me.

8        (He pauses for a moment and then feels relief within His mind) Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is now overcome with bliss.  I will now give the medicine to revive Him.  He does not know where He is going.  I will lead Him to Lord Advaita's home.

9        (From behind the scenes tumultuous sounds of "haribol haribol".

10      Nityananda: (looking ahead) Ah! This is wonderful! As they see the Lord, these cowherd boys, with great eagerness, reverence, devotion, faith, bliss and wonder, loudly call out: "haribol! haribol!"

11      Bhagavan: (By hearing the sound "Hari", He is partly awakened from His trance of transcendental bliss.  He opens His two lotus-eyes and looks to the direction from which the sounds of "Hari" came.)

12      Nityananda: (looking) These cowherd boys have helped.  As a great mantra revives someone bitten by a snake, so their calling out "Hari!" awakened the Lord from His trance of bliss.

13      Bhagavan: (approaching) Speak, O speak the word "Hari".  (They repeat the word again and again).

14      (The cowherd boys enter, offer dandavat obeisances to the Lord, and clapping their hands, chant the name of Hari.  Eagerly listening to them, the Lord stops walking).

15      Nityananda: (blissful) The Lord's madness of bliss has many forms.  Sometimes He is restless, sometimes stunned, sometimes both restless and stunned, and sometimes He seems possessed by a ghost.

16      Now the Lord's madness of bliss makes Him like an old man.  He opens His eyes, but cannot see what is before Him.  Half-deaf, He can hear a little, but cannot understand the meaning of the words.

17      (He touches their heads with His lotus hand) Ah! You have very expertly sung the glories of the Lord's holy name.  Now My life is a success.  You know the way to Vrndavana.  What path goes there?

18      Nityananda: (jubilant) This is My opportunity.  (selecting one boy from the group) Child, tell Him: "This is the path to Vrndavana."

19      A boy: As You order, my Lord.  (approaching) O Lord, this is the path to Vrndavana.  (He points in the direction shown by Lord Nityananda).

20      Bhagavan: (with great bliss He begins to walk on that path.)

21      The Boys: (They bow down to offer respects, and then exit)

22      Nityananda: I am saved.  Now My desire is fulfilled.  With this path it will be possible to take Him to Advaita's home.  (He walks a little on the path, and then reflects)  Why does the Lord not notice Me?  He acts as if there were another companion by His side.  I will look after Him.  (He approaches the Lord).

23      Bhagavan: "I will cross over the insurmountable ocean of nescience by being firmly fixed in the service of the lotus feet of Krishna.  This was approved by the previous acaryas, who were fixed in firm devotion to the Lord, Paramatma, the Supreme Personality of Godhead."*  Ah! The sannyasi spoke well.  "I will cross over the ocean of nescience by being firmly fixed in the service of Krishna." I will not cross over nescience by meditating on the all-pervading Supersoul.  I will not meditate on that form of the Lord.  I will go to Vrndavana and serve Lord Krishna with all My heart.  (He looks at the sky)  Ah! How far is it to Vrndavana?

24      Nityananda: (approaching) Lord, in one day we can enter Vrndavana.

25      Bhagavan: (Half-awake and half-in-trance, He is suddenly filled with wonder).  Ah! Are You Shripada Nityananda?

26      Nityananda: O Lord, I am He.  (Halfway through His words his throat becomes choked with tears).

27      Bhagavan: Shripada, tell Me: Why have You come?

28      Nityananda: I heard the Lord desired to travel to Vrndavana.  I also wish to see Vrndavana, so I am travelling there with You.

29      Bhagavan: Good! Good! Come! We will go together.  (Blissfully walks).

30      Nityananda: This way Lord.  (He brings Him a certain distance)  O Lord, the transcendental Yamuna River is not far from here.  We should bathe in her waters.

31      Bhagavan: Ah! Today I will see the Yamuna?

32      Nityananda: Yes.

33      Bhagavan: (jubilant) Shripada, where is it?  Where is it?

34      Nityananda: This way.  This way.  (He brings Him a certain distance.  They reach the Ganga).  Lord, this is the Yamuna.

35      Bhagavan: (jubilantly bowing down, He speaks the following prayer:)  O River Yamuna, you are the blissful spiritual water that gives love to the son of Nanda Maharaja.  You are the same as the water of the spiritual world, for you can vanquish all our offenses and the sinful reactions incurred in life.  You are the creator of all auspicious things for the world.  O daughter of the sun-god, kindly purify us by you pious activities.*

36      Nityananda: Lord: now You should bathe in the Yamuna.

37      Bhagavan: As it pleases You.  (He bathes).

38      Nityananda: (aside) Now I am happy.  The maddened jungle elephant is controlled by a powerful mantra.  Now I will bring these activities to an auspicious conclusion.  (He looks in all directions, and then calls out to someone).

39      (A man enters and bows down to offer respects).

40      Nityananda: (approaching the man) Ah! Not very far, just on the opposite shore of the Ganga is Lord Advaita's home.  Please quickly go there and say: "To see you, Nityananda is coming with another sannyasi.  Please hurry to meet Him."

41      The Man: I will do it.  (He quickly exits).

42      Nityananda: (aside) Ah,, for three days I have not touched water.  Now I will bathe.  (He does that).

43      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Although tortured by separation from Him, ,our life-breath cannot depart, for it is tightly bound by the doubly strong ropes of hope.  Now these ropes have fulfilled our desire.  Now they show us His face.  These ropes are both our enemy and our friend.

44      Nityananda: (listening from a distance) ah! This is Advaita Acarya.  He speaks prayers more eloquent than the words of Lord Brahma.  I will lighten the burden of His suffering.  (He sees Lord Advaita).  Ah! How much You have suffered!

45      Modestly clothed in a kaupina, water streaming down His golden-complexioned body, and His head covered with red lotus petals, the Lord rises from His bath.  Now I see Him.

46      I see there is some delay in Advaita's coming here.  (He looks ahead).

47      (Accompanied by countless associates, Advaita eagerly enters).

48      Advaita: (looking ahead) From a distance His shaved head and saffron garment make Him look like another person.  Still, His great love of Krishna, His bodily lustre, and His great handsomeness, reveal Him to us.

49      Look! the Lord's form, as yellow as gold, and dressed in a saffron garment, is like a beautiful, ripe very sweet, red and yellow fruit from the great tree of perfect renunciation.

          (He runs up to the Lord, whose eyes are closed in meditation.  Standing before the Lord, Advaita cries without restraint).

50      Bhagavan: (quickly opening His eyes) Is this Lord Advaita Acarya?

51      Nityananda; Lord, it is He.

52      Bhagavan: (firmly embracing Him) Tell me:  How did You know I was here?  How did You follow Me to Vrndavana?  Am I dreaming?

53      Advaita: (with tears, aside) ah, the Lord believes this is Vrndavana.  (openly) Lord, You are not dreaming.  I am the fallen sinner Advaita.  (He falls down to offer obeisances).

54      Deva: (Shedding tears, He embraces Advaita with both arms lifts Him up) Advaita, because Lord Krishna constantly touches You with His lotus feet, You are Yourself the land of Vrndavana.  Tell Me this: Where am I now?

55      Advaita: This is the sacred Ganga.  My home is on the other shore.

56      Bhagavan: (Returning to external consciousness) Shripada, You told Me this was the Yamuna!

57      Nityananda: This is not the Yamuna.  The Lord should know this.

58      Bhagavan: I have become an actor in a drama directed by Shripada Nityananda.

59      Advaita: Although tortured by separation from Him, our life-breath cannot depart, for its is tightly bound by the double strong ropes of hope.  Now these ropes have fulfilled our desire.  Now they show us His face.  These ropes are both our enemy and our friend.

60      Nityananda: Advaita, I have suffered greatly since He has take sannyasa.  The Lord is perfectly satisfied by eating only the food of His transcendental bliss, but I suffer from not eating anything for three days.  Is there a need for so much talking?

61      Advaita: (Taking a fresh kaupina and outer garment from an associate's hand, He bathes the Lord again, gives Him the new garments, and then says in a pitiful voice:) It used to be that You would dress with the opulence of a demigod.  Now I give You the garments of a sannyasi.  Even though You have the same handsome form and the same gentle, kind face, the sight of You are a sannyasi brings pain to My eyes.  O Lord, My home is not very far away.  Please decorate it with Your feet.

62      Bhagavan: For this Shripada Nityananda tricked Me.

63      Advaita: Lord, no one can trick You.  Although You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the illusory potency maya makes You seem like a distressed living entity.  Although You are perfectly independent, maya makes You seem like a crystal-stone that reflects whatever is nearby.  I say that for You, the Supreme Lord, these activities are like the playing of a child.

64      For both these reasons no one has to trick You.  Because Lord Nityananda is known as Shripada, He is not at fault for taking You here.  "Shripada" means "Lord Krishna, who protects the goddess of fortune", and "ada" means "he who takes".  Because Nityananda is known as "shripada", it is right that He takes You, who are Lord Krishna, with Him, and places You before us.  Lord, please accept Your first alms at My home.

65      Bhagavan: As it pleases You.  She Me the way.

66      Advaita: This way.  (He places Him on a boat).

67      Nityananda: (aside) Advaita, someone should be sent to Navadvipa.

68      Advaita: Why?  Everyone has almost arrived.

69      Bhagavan: Advaita: I have never gone to Your home before.

70      Advaita: What is My good fortune in comparison to that of Shrivasa?  Every day the Lord would enjoy pastimes at his home.

71      Nityananda: Advaita, a great crowd will come.  News of the Lord will spread.  Everyone will know He is going to Mathura.  When the Lord, who is a nectar ocean of mercy, graces Your home, all the local people young and old, will come to see Him.  Don't tell anyone about Him.  Let us enter Your home unobserved.

72      Advaita: So be it.  (He walks a few steps) Lord, this is My home.  Please enter.

73      (everyone enters).

74      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Visvambhara cheated His mother and dressed as a sannyasi.  He was very eager to go to Mathura.  Nityananda brought Him to Santipura by a trick Go! Go see Him!

75      Nityananda: (listening and observing) Advaita, listen! Look! Thousands of people have come.  Soon a hundred thousand well-wishers will be here!  Post guards at the door!

76      (Advaita posts guards at each door.  Following the Lord, He enters with Nityananda.  In this way They exit from the stage.)

77      (Many people, eager to see the Lord, enter).

78      Some people: He is not the same, as when we saw Him in Navadvipa.  He is different, and this agitates our hearts.  Still, we yearn to see Him. Ah! Ah! Whether in His natural position, or this strange new feature, He still brings us the sweetest transcendental bliss.  Where is the Lord  now?

79      (They walk about).

80      (From another direction) Other people: The Lord's sweetness in His previous asrama never became the guest of our eyes.  If we cannot see Him now, then our birth in this world is worthless!  Our bodies are worthless!  Our lives are worthless! Our eyes are worthless!

81      Others: Come here! We have heard that the Lord has entered Advaita's house.  Let us go there.  (They eagerly approach)  These guards turn everyone away.  Let us pacify them with a bribe.  (They approach).

82      (Enter guards.  They hold clubs in their hands and stand at the doorway).

83      Guard: People! Stop for a moment! From the time He took sannyasa until now the Lord has not eaten anything.  Now He will receive alms of a meal.  Please do not make an uproar.  He will enter the house, and stay for some time.  After He has taken His meal you may see Him.

84      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Lord, this way.  This way.

85      Guard: I will look.  (Climbing to a higher place and craning his neck, he looks).  Ah! The Lord has taken His meal.

86      Glory to Him, His body anointed with sandalwood paste and clothed in saffron garments, His chest glorious with a garland of white flowers, and His golden splendour like moonlight on the Ganga's waves or like the jewel summit of Mount Sumeru!

87      Why do people intently look in that direction?  (He looks again) Advaitadeva has brought the Lord onto a balcony overlooking the crowd of devotees.  They happily gaze on Him, and He addresses them by name and blesses them.  Everyone eagerly calls out: "Haribol!"

88      (As described, the Lord enters the balcony.  Advaita and the other devotees also enter).

89      Advaita: What kind of pastimes are You doing?  You have accepted the sannnyasa-asrama, which is so dear to the advaitavadis (impersonalists).

90      Bhagavan: (laughing) Advaita, do You think I am not an advaitavadi?  After all, You and I are different from the Supreme only in the sense that We are different persons with different forms and qualities.

91      Advaita: What is the use of debating with the master of words?

92      Bhagavan: Please understand this.  Without renouncing everything it is not possible to worship and serve He who is the Lord of My life.  For this reason I have accepted sannyasa.  What use do I have with the theories of the advaitavadis?  I have taken this sannyasi's danda only to threaten the fickle animal of My mind.

93      Advaita: All this is a trick.  You have accepted sannyasa to fulfil the Vishnu-sahasra-nama's prediction: "sannyasa-krc chamah santo nistha-santi-parayanah (The Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear as a peaceful devotee-sannyasi)."

94      A Guard: (looking at all the people) Wonderful! The high and low crowded together, millions of joyful people on the other shore gaze at the Lord to their heart's content, and the Lord also glances on them with great mercy.

95      The people are not silent.  They each describe their great good fortune by saying: "Now we have crossed the ocean of repeated birth and death.  The gate to Yama's kingdom is now closed for us.  Now we have attained the ripened fruit of this human birth.  Now we have attained the results of all penances and austerities.  We have attained all this by seeing the sweet, merciful, sidelong glance of the Lord."

96      (Tumultuous sounds from behind the scenes).

97      People: Now the people from the Lord's birthplace have come.  There will be a very great crowd.  Let us leave.  (Everyone exits).

98      (All the residents of Navadvipa enter).

          The residents of Navadvipa:  Our eyes had become blind, but now all directions are clear and bright for us.  The vines of our desire to live had withered away, but now they are bursting with new shoots.  Our hearts had died, but now the life is again placed within them.  This has happened because the moon of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu has risen before us.  (They eagerly approach).

99      Advaita: (looking) The Lord's mother, followed by Shrivasa Pandita, friends, and many others both young and old, has come.  What more need I say.  This is the right time and place.

100     Bhagavan: (He quickly descends from the balcony).

101     (The Guards respectfully allow them to enter).

102     (Bhagavan bows down to offer respectful obeisances to His mother).

103     Mother Saci: (She is simultaneously anxious, devoted, filled with motherly love, and pleased.  Her bodily hairs stand up.  She sheds tears, and says in a choked voice, in Sanskrit)  Have You renounced the world?  Do You now see the Supersoul everywhere?  Have You become the personified mellows of transcendental devotional service?  I still see You as my small child.  Now I have attained You.  I will never again let You go.  (She earnestly embraces Him).

104     Shri Chaitanya: O mother of the world, O noble mother, no fruit is greater than the fruit of patient forgiveness borne by the vine of Your motherly love.  You are famous in this world as the most sincerely affectionate mother.  The Supreme Personality of Godhead has defied you as the goddess of patient forgiveness.  (He again bows down before her).

105     (Mother Saci again embraces Him).

106     (The Lord bows down).

107     Advaita: (Making Mother Saci stand up, He leads her inside the house.  In this way He exits).

108     (The Lord greets everyone, pleasing them with appropriate embraces, touches, glances, questions, and other actions).

109     Advaita: (again hastily enters) Who, who is here?  There must be residences, food, drink, and other necessities to please all the young, old and even candalas who have come here.

110     One man: (Tossing aside the curtain, he hastily enters).  I will take care of it.  (He exits).

111     Advaita: (approaching the Lord) That way I was before, the way You were before, the way You devotees were, the love they felt for You, and Your mercy towards them, all these are the only source of our happiness.  any changes in these things will bring us pain.

112     Bhagavan: Advaita, Advaita, don't talk like this.  My body has fallen into a dark nectar-river, and is now violently tossed by that river's waves.  Whether that river places Me in an auspicious or inauspicious condition, it always overwhelms Me with love for Krishna.  Come, let us all go to a secluded place, and there we may associate together for a long time.

          (Everyone exits).


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Six Sarvabhaumanugrahah

Mercy to Sarvabhauma


Act Six

1        (The ocean enters)

          The Ocean: Why does my dear wife, Ganga, suddenly appear to be unhappy.  I will ask her what has brought suffering to her heart.  (He looks ahead).  I will approach her and ask: "O noble lady, why do you appear in this way?" (He approaches).

2        (As described, the Ganga River enters).

          Ganga: Alas! Alas! It is a long time since I was fortunate to touch Lord visvambhara's lotus feet with my waters.  What has happened to my good fortune?  I once had His association.  I have it no longer.  How have I become so unfortunate?  What will I, now so unfortunate, do?  (She reflects for a moment).

3        Ocean: (approaching) O Ganga, why are you unhappy?

4        Ganga: Noble husband, noble husband, why do you ask?  I am very unfortunate.

5        Ocean: O Ganga, what is your misfortune?

6        Ganga: (in Sanskrit) The Supreme Lord, the master of the blissful, sweet devotees, the Lord by washing whose feet I am famous in this world, every day used to fill me with nectar happiness by bathing in my waters.  Alas! Alas! Now He has left me.  For that reason I suffer.

7        The Ocean: Yes, I understand.  I heard that He turned back from His journey to Mathura, and now stays at Advaita's home.  He is not leaving you after all.  Why as you unhappy?

8        Ganga: That may be.  Still, on another day, after Shrivasa and other friends came from Navadvipa, and after Shri Saci-devi had cooked, as He sat with His friends, eating and playfully joking, the Lord began to speak.

9        The Ocean: What did He say?

10      He said: "O Advaita, O My friends, please hear this.  By the order of My mother and you dear affectionate friends, I am forbidden to leave.  Because of this obstacle I cannot go to Mathura.  All of you please be merciful to Me so now I may go."

11      The ocean: Then? Then?

12      Then Advaita Acarya said: "If out of love for You everyone cheerfully said: 'Yes, You may go', then even before You had gone, our life-breath, unable to bear the outrage of separation from You, would leave out bodies at once."

13      The Ocean: Well said, Advaita! Well said! Then? Then?

14      Ganga: The Lord affectionately replied: "O Advaita, O My friends, I have accepted a sannyasi's cloth.  It is not right for a sannyasi to remain in his own country surrounded by affectionate friends and relatives.  You are very intelligent, and My mother is also very intelligent.  Therefore I will place this body in whatever country You say.  What more need I say?

15      The Ocean: The Lord said the right thing.  Then? Then?

16      Ganga: All His friends, Advaita Acarya, and His mother Sacidevi then met in private.

17      The Ocean: Then? Then?

18      Ganga: They could not agree.  Then Mother Saci said: "If His staying here breaks the rules of religion, then let Him live abroad.  If He stays here to please me, then wicked people may criticise Him.  What should be done?  Let Him go to Jagannatha Puri.  Then I may be fortunate sometimes to hear news of His activities.  That is my desire."

19      The Ocean: Well spoken, mother! Well spoken! You have surpassed even Devahuti. Then? Then?

20      Ganga: Struck with wonder, everyone said: "Mother, what have you said?  For us your words are like scriptures.  As we will never disobey the Lord's order, so we will never disobey your words."

21      The Ocean: Then? Then?

22      Ganga: Then Mother Saci said: "So be it.  If wicked men find fault with Him it will be unbearable for me.  Let Him go to Jagannatha Puri.  You will be able to visit Him, and in this way I will hear news of Him."

23      The Ocean: Then? Then?

24      Ganga: Then they all approached the Lord and told Him Mother Saci's words.

25      The Ocean: Then? Then?

26      Ganga: Then the Lord became happy and said: "As the most exalted mother in the world has spoken, so I will obey.  I will go to Jagannatha Puri."

27      The Ocean: Then? Then?

28      Ganga: Then everyone said: "Lord, please stay here for some days more so we may see Your lotus feet."

29      The Ocean: Then? Then?

30      Ganga: In order to please His mother and friends, the Lord stayed with them for three days.  Noble Mother Saci and Acyutananda's mother together cooked a great feast, and the Lord feasted with His friends.  On the fourth day the Lord prepared to go.  Everyone spoke words of farewell.  The residents of Navadvipa all left.  In the company of Nityananda, Jagadananda, Damodara, and Mukunda, the Lord began to leave.  Advaita shed incessant tears.  Lord Chaitanya did not say anything to Him, but simply left.

31      The Ocean: The Yavana king of Bengal and Maharaja Prataparudra are now at war.  The border of Bengal and Orissa is sealed.  How can the Lord and His four associates cross it?

32      Ganga: (In Sanskrit) Noble husband, this is not surprising.  Look! Look! Who hates the Supersoul, the sincere friend of the entire world?  Look! Without obstruction the Lord and His five friends now travel between the two ferocious armies.

33      When they saw Lord Chaitanya, the cruel and dishonest men in the villages burst into tears, stumble, and roll about on the ground in ecstasy.

34      The Ocean: The Lord does not give pleasure to those who are demons at heart, but He does purify and make beautiful with the nectar of devotional service those who are not demons, but only very sinful and fallen.

35      Ganga: Leaving the impassable royal roads always filled with moving soldiers, horses, elephants, and proud generals, the Lord went through the jungle.

36      The Ocean: Then? Then?

37      Ganga: (in Sanskrit) The ferocious tigers, elephants, buffaloes, and rhinoceroses that fled in fear of Lord Rama's powerful arms when He travelled deep in the jungle, are now stunned in ecstasy by tasting a drop of Lord Chaitanya's sweetness.

38      After walking for some  days through the jungles and blessing the fortunate vines and trees, He again returned to the royal road.

39      The Ocean: Where did He go then?

40      Ganga: (In Sanskrit) an ancient Deity of Lord Krishna holding a flute in His hand decorates the town of Remuna.  The Lord returned to the royal road so He could offer respectful obeisances to that Deity.

41      The Ocean: Why did He visit this ancient Deity?

42      Ganga; Some say the devotees should worship the two-armed form of Lord Gopinatha, and this worship is better than the worship of the Lord in His four-armed form.  Others say that in ancient times four-armed Deities of the Lord were visible everywhere and there were no two-armed Deities of Lord Gopinatha.  In order to counter this second view, Lord Chaitanya went to visit this ancient Deity of two-armed Lord Gopinatha.

43      The Ocean: Those people are mistaken.  In Cuttak and many other places there are many ancient two-armed Deities, such as the Deity of Saksi-Gopala.

44      Ganga: (In Sanskrit) Falling as a stick to the ground, Lord Chaitanya offered obeisances.  He worshipped the Deity and, when the crown from the Deity's head accidentally fell on His head, the Deity worshipped Him.

45      The Ocean: Then? Then?

46      Ganga: (In Sanskrit) Then with great love the Lord recited some verses.  He said:

47      "Decorated with splendid bracelets and armlets, its elbow down, away from His slanted shoulder, its forepart resting on His broad chest, and its wrist up, the left arm of Lord Krishna, who places the flute to His mouth, is splendid and handsome.

48      "A stream of the nectar of sweetness flowing from its bent elbow and flooding the earth, the right arm of Lord Krishna, who places the flute to His mouth, splendid and handsome."

49      The Ocean: Then? Then?

50      Ganga: He again went by the jungle-path, and then, to see the Saksi-Gopala Deity He went to the royal capital Cuttak.

51      That deity is very handsome.  He is directly the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the form of a Deity.

52      Accepting the role of a witness, and the bells on His delicate lotus feet tinkling as He walked, Lord Gopala slowly followed a certain brahmana.  When they came to the country of Mahendra-desa, the brahmana turned his neck to see the Lord, who promptly changed Himself into a stone deity.  Lord Chaitanya eagerly went to that place.

53      After a long time King Gajapati Purusottamadeva brought the Deity to his own capitol.

54      Ganga; Yes.

55      The Ocean; Then? Then?

56      Ganga: Gazing at Him, He thought the Deity had come from His heart and was now standing before Him, and then in the next moment He thought the Deity had entered His heart again.

57      (In Sanskrit) Then He then recited this verse:

58      "His splendid reddish toes its petals, kunkuma from the passionate gopis' breasts its pollen awareness of Him its sweet honey, the splendour His jewel toenails its inner part, and His ankles a swan nearby, may the lotus flower of Krishna's feet protect us all."

59      The Ocean: Then? Then?

60      Ganga: Then everyone saw the Deity as Lord Chaitanya saw Him.

61      The Ocean: How was that?

62      Ganga: (In Sanskrit) With great, pure faith Lord Chaitanya gazed at the Deity.  He thought that although the Deity was eager to play some music, He had for a moment taken the flute from His lips to speak to His devotees.

63      The Ocean: Then? Then?

64      Ganga: Lord Chaitanya stayed there that day, but the next day, His heart yearning to see lotus-eyed Lord Jagannatha, He quickly left.

65      The Ocean: Then? Then?

66      Ganga: As He travelled to see Lord Jagannatha, Lord Chaitanya stopped at a village named Kamalapura and bathed in the nearby river.  Nityanandadeva then took the danda that had rested in Lord Chaitanya's own hand.  Thinking "Why does He need this?"  He suddenly broke the danda and threw it into the middle of the river.

67      The Ocean: Then? Then?

68      Ganga: Then, seeing Lord Jagannatha's temple in the distance, Mukunda said to Lord Chaitanya: "Lord, look! Look!

69      "Is this the sun-god's arm extended to lift the earth?  Is it Ananta Sesa travelling from Patalaloka to Satyaloka?  Is it the splendour of the regal jewels on the nagas' hoods travelling through space to the Svarga planets?  O Lord, is this, is this the splendid temple of Lord Jagannatha?"

70      The Ocean: Noble lady, now I understand everything.  Why are you unhappy? In my good fortune you will also become fortunate?  Look! Look!

71      Alas! For the sake of the goddess of fortune He built a bridge across me.  For he sake He churned my waters.  The goddess of fortune was born from me, but the Lord never considered that I was her father.  Ah, what good fortune has now become mine?  Lord Hari has left the goddess of fortune.  Now He resides on my shore.

          Note: This refers to Lord Ramacandra's building a bridge to Lanka, and Laksmi-devi's appearance from the ocean of milk churned by the demigods and demons.

72      Come here.  We will see the Lord's pastimes.

73      Ganga: As it pleases you, noble husband.  (They both exit).

74      (His heart overwhelmed with love of Krishna, Lord Chaitanya enters, accompanied by Lord Nityananda and other devotees).

75      Bhagavan: Licking the sky, entering the heart of the universe, and showering nectar even though it is made of stone, the grand temple of Lord Jagannatha has now appeared before My eyes.

          (He eagerly walks).

76      Everyone: Although the path to Lord Jagannatha may be traversed in only a few moments, it seems to be a very very long path.  What should we do?  Let us think.  The pujaris may very easily see Lord Jagannatha, the moon of Nilacala.  Others cannot see Him so easily.  We foreigners will find it very difficult to see Him.  We will not easily see Him without the help of the king's men.

77      Mukunda: There is a solution.

78      The Others: What is it?

79      Mukunda: Gopinatha Acarya, who is a great devotee of the Lord, and who is Visarada's son-in-law and Sarvabhauma's brother-in-law, lives here.  He knows about Lord Chaitanya's pastimes in Navadvipa.  He is like one of us.

80      The Others: How can he help us?

81      Mukunda: Sarvabhauma can do everything.

82      Everyone: (jubilant) Well spoken!  Let us first find his home.  (They walk).

83      (Gopinatha Acarya enters)

          Acarya: (aside) My right eye trembles.  My heart is happy and clear.  I do not know what kind of auspicious happiness will appear when I see Lord Jagannatha.  (He walks to go to see Lord Jagannatha).

84      Mukunda: There is Gopinatha Acarya.

85      Nityananda: Mukunda, go quickly.  Go before he reaches the lion-gate.

86      (Mukunda does that).

87      Gopinatha: (looking ahead) Who is this?  Is it a Bengali?  (Looking) Ah! It is someone from Navadvipa.  (Looking again) Ah! It is Mukunda, the dear servant of Lord Visvambhara.  The auspicious signs have borne fruit.  (approaching) Ah! You are Mukunda.

88      Mukunda: Acarya, I offer my respects to you.

89      Gopinatha: Is Lord Visvambhara well and happy?

90      Mukunda: Lord Visvambhara has come here.

91      Gopinatha: (blissful) Did you say the Lord has come here? Where is He staying?  Where is He?  (He again embraces Mukunda).

92      Mukunda: (Taking Gopinatha with him, he returns).

93      Gopinatha: (looking ahead) Mukunda, who is this best of sannyasis?

94      (Mukunda tells him everything).

95      Gopinatha: (filled with wonder) Formerly there was only the sweet taste of pure love for Krishna, but now that sweetness is mixed with the bitterness of renunciation.  Although my eyes taste only the sweetness, my heart tastes both bitter and sweet.

96      Mukunda: (approaching) Lord, to bring You to Him, Lord Jagannathadeva has sent His representative Gopinatha Acarya.

97      Bhagavan: (Returning to external consciousness) Where is he?  Where is he?

98      Gopinatha:  Here I am.  (He falls at the Lord's feet).

99      (The Lord embraces him).

100     (Gopinatha Acarya first bows down before Lord Nityananda.  Then he bows down before Jagadananda and Damodara).

101     Mukunda: How can we see Lord Jagannatha without interference and for as long as we wish?

102     Gopinatha: You can see Him if you get the favour of Sarvabhauma.

103     Everyone: Someone should tell Lord Chaitanya.

104     Gopinatha: Lord, we think that without Your speaking to Sarvabhauma it will not be easy for us to see Lord Jagannatha.  Lord, what is Your wish in this  matter.

105     Bhagavan: Your desire is My desire.

106     Gopinatha: The tree of Sarvabhauma's past pious deeds has just borne fruit.  The Lord may place His feet in this direction.

107     Bhagavan: Show the way.

108     Gopinatha: This is the way. (Everyone walks).

109     (Instructing his disciples, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya enters).

          Bhattacarya: Who knows whether or not Lord Jagannatha is offered incense at noon?

110     Gopinatha: The Bhattacarya has ended his class.  He is about to go inside.  I should quickly approach him.  (reflecting) Lord, please wait here for a moment while I approach him.  (He quickly approaches).  Bhattacarya, a great saint has come.  You should go to see Him.

111     Sarvabhauma: How far away is He?

112     Gopinatha: He is staying nearby.

113     (Sarvabhauma stands up and walks.  His disciples follow).

114     Nityananda: Ah! Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya has come of his own accord.  This is perfect.

115     Bhattacarya: (approaching) I offer my respect to Lord Narayana.  (He bows down).

116     Bhagavan: May you love Krishna.  May you think of Krishna.

117     Sarvabhauma: (aside) That is an odd thing to say.  Perhaps He was a Vaishnava in His former asrama.

118     (Sarvabhauma's disciples smile).

119     Sarvabhauma: Lord, this way.  (He takes the Lord, gives Him a comfortable seat, and then also sits down nearby).

120     (Then everyone sits down).

121     Sarvabhauma: Acarya, in His previous asrama did He live in Bengal?

122     Gopinatha: O Bhattacarya, in His former asrama He was the son of Jagannatha Misra Purandara.  His mother was the daughter of Nilambara Cakravarti.  They were all residents of Navadvipa.

123     Sarvabhauma: (with love and respect) Ah! Nilambara Cakravarti was my father's classmate, and Misra Purandara was highly regarded by my father.

124     Gopinatha: May He be allowed to easily see Lord Jagannatha?

125     Sarvabhauma: By all means.  Who will call for Candanesvara?

126     (Candanesvara hastily enters.  He bows before the Lord, and then he bows before His father).

127     Sarvabhauma: O Candanesvara, please accompany this sannyasi.  Arrange it so that every day, whenever He likes, and for as long as He likes, He may gaze on the beautiful face of Lord Jagannatha.  Let everyone allow Him.  Let no one stop Him.  I have great respect for Him.

128     Candanesvara:  As my Lord orders.

129     Sarvabhauma: Lord, let us get up.

130     (Accompanied by Lord Nityananda and the other devotees, and taking Candanesvara with Him, Lord Chaitanya exits).

131     Sarvabhauma: Acarya stay.

132     (Half having left the stage, Gopinatha takes Mukunda by the hand, returns with him, and then sits down).

133     Sarvabhauma: Acarya, I tremble with love and sadness when I see Him.  Because of His relationship with Nilambara Cakravarti I love Him dearly.  Why did He accept sannyasa at such an early age?  Who is His sannyasa guru?

134     Gopinatha: Kesava Bharati.

135     Sarvabhauma: Why did He accept initiation in the Bharati-sampradaya?

136     Gopinatha: He did not consider external appearances.  His only concern was renunciation.

137     Sarvabhauma: What were those external considerations?

138     Gopinatha: The consideration that one sampradaya is better than another.

139     Sarvabhauma: You did not say the right thing.  The glory of the sannyasa-asrama is not external

140     Gopinatha: The sannyasa-asrama is glorious, but the exaggerated respect shown for it is external.

141     Sarvabhauma: What is wrong with respect?  I say when one accepts saffron garments from a sannyasi of the best sampradaya and hears Vedanta philosophy from him, then one is properly initiated in the order of renunciation.

142     Gopinatha: (angry) Bhattacarya, you do not understand His glorious position.  I have personally seen proof that He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

143     Mukunda: (aside) Well spoken.  O Acarya, well spoke.  My life was burning with pain and you have brought it relief.

144     Sarvabhauma's Disciples: What evidence makes you think He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

145     Gopinatha: The Supreme Personality of Godhead can be understood only by His mercy.  Because the Lord is perfectly spiritual in nature, He cannot be understood by material logic and argument.

146     The Disciples: That is not philosophy of the Vedas.  Why can the Supreme Personality of Godhead not be understood by logic?

147     Gopinatha: By logic one may be able to understand that the Supreme Personality of Godhead exists, but one cannot understand what He is like.  Only by His mercy can one understand Him.

148     The Disciples: Where is the proof of that in scripture?

149     Gopinatha: There is proof in the words of the Puranas.

150     The Disciples: Quote.

151     Gopinatha: "My Lord, if one is favoured by even a slight trace of the mercy of Your lotus feet, he can understand the greatness of Your personality.  But those who speculate in order to understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead are unable to know You, even though they continue to study the Vedas for many years."*

          Note: this verse is from Shrimad Bhagavatam (10.14.29).

153     The Disciples: Then what is the use of studying the scriptures?  Study will not bring the Lord's mercy?

154     Gopinatha: Yes.  Therefore the scripture says: "But those who speculate in order to understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead are unable to know You, even though they continue to study the Vedas for many years."*

155     The Disciples: (Laughing) Then how many days have you wasted in study?

156     Gopinatha: That was to learn arts and rituals.

157     Sarvabhauma: (laughing) If, by His mercy, You have already understood the Personality of Godhead, then tell us something of what you have learned.

158     Gopinatha: It cannot be explained.  It is only known by direct perception.  When you have obtained the mercy of the Lord you will be able to directly perceive it.

159     The Disciples: (aside) Why does he speak so boldly in this different way?  Perhaps, considering that he is with his brother-in-law, he is joking a little bit.

160     Gopinatha: I could not bear to hear your impersonal idea of the Absolute, and therefore I spoke to refute it.  Bhattacarya, you are so grave and profound that you do not speak anything to refute me.  You are not at fault.  The scriptures explain:

161     "I offer my respectful obeisances to that Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose transcendental qualities have no limit and whose potencies bewilder those absorbed in logic and debate."

162     Sarvabhauma: (laughing) I know you are a Vaishnava.

163     Gopinatha: (humbly) If the Lord is merciful to you, you will also become a Vaishnava.

164     Sarvabhauma:  What is the use of all the flowery words?  After you have seen the Deity, you may go to the home of my maternal aunt.  Your master and His company may stay there.  You may request the Deity's prasadam in my name.

165     Gopinatha: As you order.

166     Sarvabhauma: I will go to perform my mid-day duties.  (Accompanied by his disciples, he exits).

167     Gopinatha: Mukunda, come. Come.  (He comes).  O Mukunda, Bhattacarya's words were a thunderbolt that has broken my heart.  If the supremely merciful Lord would deliver him, then my heart could be at peace.

168     Mukunda: What is not possible for the Lord?

169     Gopinatha: Come.  The Lord has gone to see Shri Jagannatha.  Let us follow Him.  (They both exit).

170     A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Ah! Wonderful! His eyes are glorious as two blossoming white lotus flowers where two black bees have landed, and His bimba-fruit lips are like the crescent moon on the fourth day of it's waxing.  The merciful, handsome wooden form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose splendour crushes the sapphire-mirror's pride, has now appeared.

171     Gopinatha: Ah! Struck with wonder by seeing His handsome face, Nityananda and the others gaze at Lord Jagannatha, and Lord Jagannatha also gazes at them.

172     Again the Voice from Behind the Scenes: The two masters of the universe stand motionless and lovingly gaze at each other with unblinking eyes.  Has the human form of the Supreme Lord entered the wooden form of the Lord, or has the wooden form of the Lord entered the human form of the Lord?

173     Gopinatha: Wonderful! Ah, wonderful! The one Supreme Personality of Godhead has appeared in two forms: as the enjoyer and the enjoyed.

174     Again the Voice From Behind the Scenes: They are both full of mercy.  They both yearn to deliver the entire world.  Although They appear as two persons before the eyes of this world, there is in truth no difference between Lord Chaitanya, who is, in His heart, the son of Nanda Maharaja, and Lord Jagannatha, the wooden form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

175     Gopinatha: Well spoken, Nityanandadeva.  Well spoken.  You know the truth of Lord Gaurachandra.  I think they have finished seeing the Deity and now they are returning.  Let us quickly see Lord Jagannatha, and then follow them.  (They both exit).

176     (Stunned with joy by the sight of lotus-eyed Lord Jagannatha, Lord Chaitanya enters.  Candanesvara, Lord Nityananda, and the others also enter).

          Candanesvara: My Lords, have you now seen Lord Jagannatha to Your full satisfaction?

177     Nityananda and the others: Yes.  Our desires are fulfilled.

178     Candanesvara: (aside) Ah! Why is Gopinatha Acarya late?  What should I do now?  My father did not tell me.  I think he told everything to Gopinatha.  Why has he not come?  (He looks in all directions).

179     (Gopinatha Acarya and Mukunda quickly enter).

180     Acarya: Mukunda, come.  There they go.  Now we have seen them both.  We have seen Lord Jagannatha, the moon of Nilacala and now we see Lord Gauranga, who is fair as a golden mountain.  (Quickly approaching) Candanesvara, now you may go home.  I will take charge of everything.

181     Candanesvara: As my lord has spoken.  (He bows down before Lord Chaitanya, and then exits).

182     (Gopinatha approaches Lord Chaitanya and bows down).

183     Damodara: Lord, this is Gopinatha Acarya offering his respects.

184     Bhagavan: (returning to external consciousness) Come. Come. (He embraces him).

185     Gopinatha: Lord, the Bhattacarya invites You and Your friends to him home.  Please come this way.  (He brings them to the house and washes the Lord's feet.  After arranging for the Lord to brush His teeth and refresh Himself, and after placing Him in a nice seat and offering a meal, He approaches the Lord and unhappily says:) O Lord, the Bhattacarya has another invitation to present before You.

186     Bhagavan: What is it?

187     Gopinatha: He invites You to accept the sannyasi's garment and hear the Vedanta-sutra from a sannyasi of his sampradaya.

188     Bhagavan: I am grateful to him.  So be it.  I will do it.

189     Mukunda: O Lord, Bhattacarya's words are like sparks that have set Gopinatha Acarya's heart on fire.  He does not think this invitation is a great kindness.

190     Bhagavan: Acarya, I am a child.  It is out of affection for Me that the Bhattacarya speaks these words.  Why are you unhappy?

191     Gopinatha: Lord, only if You remove this arrow from my heart, will I be able to remain alive.  (He cries).

192     Bhagavan: Lotus-eyed Lord Jagannatha will fulfil your desire.  Damodara, explain everything to Him.

193     Damodara: As You order.  (He takes Gopinatha and exits).

          Bhagavan: Jagadananda, an arrangement should be made that we may see lotus-eyed Lord Jagannatha's pastimes when He awakens at mangala-arati after the night is over.

194     (Damodara enters with Gopinatha Acarya).

          Damodara: Lord, by Your order he has taken maha-prasadam.  Now he wishes to take rest.

195     Bhagavan: Very good.  Very good.

196     (Speaking happily for a moment, everyone begins to depart).

          (The sound of a conch-shell comes from behind the scenes).

197     Everyone: (surprised) The night is over.  The pura-devis have risen.  Their ornaments are tinkling.  The temple elephants are roaring.  The sweet sound of the conch shell announces to the people of the world the waking of Lord Jagannatha, who is an ocean of mercy.

198     Bhagavan: Then it is true that the night is over.  Acarya, let us see lotus-eyed Lord Jagannatha's rising from bed.

199     Gopinatha: As You order.  (To perform the duties appropriate to that time, He exits).

200     (A man hastily enters)

          Man: Who, who is here?  Where is Gopinatha Acarya?  Do you know?  (He glances at the sky).  What do you say?  Gopinatha Acarya is with Shri Krishna Chaitanyadeva.  So be it.  I will go there.  (He takes a few steps and then looks ahead) Ah! Here is the Acarya.  (He approaches).

201     (Enter Gopinatha Acarya).

          Acarya: It is almost time for Lord Jagannatha to rise from bed.  I must hurry to the Lord.

202     Man: (approaches) Acarya, the Bhattacarya sends this instruction: "Please meet with Shri Krishna Chaitanyadeva and go with Him to see Lord Jagannatha rise from bed."

203     Gopinatha: I will follow his order.  (He approaches Shri Krishna Chaitanyadeva to quickly take Him to the temple).

204     (The Lord enters with His associates).

          Deva: Mukunda, see why the Acarya is late.

205     Gopinatha: I am he.  I am simply waiting for the Lord.

206     Bhagavan: You go first.

207     Acarya: (He does that).  This way.  This way.  (He enters the temple and goes to the place known as Jagan-mohane).  Lord, look!  Now that the night is over the great wide-open temple doors bring a very sweet fragrance of burning incense.  It is as if the temple of the Lord has awakened in the morning and opened its mouth with a great, sleepy yawn.

208     Wonderful! Wonderful! Deep within the lamp-illuminated temple, Lord Jagannatha, the master of the goddess of fortune, rises from his bed.  His rolling eyes are like two white lotus flowers moving in the breeze over the dark waters of the Yamuna.

209     (The Lord stands behind the Garuda-stambha and gazes with feeling of longing).

210     Mukunda: Acarya, look! Look! The lamps illuminate the entire temple.  Tears stream from Lord Chaitanya's eyes.  He stands motionless as if He were a painted picture.

211     Gopinatha: Look! Look! Lord Jagannatha's face is now being washed.  Now all His limbs are bathed.  Now He is offered balya-bhoga and hari-vallabha-bhoga.  Look! Now He is worshipped with an offering of incense.

212     (Stunned, shedding tears, and the hairs of His body standing up in ecstasy, Lord Chaitanya gazes at the Deity).

213     Acarya: O! O devotees headed by Jagadananda, look! Look! Here is someone carrying the incense and prasadam from the early morning offering.  Here is someone else carrying in his hands Lord Jagannatha's garland.  They are walking together.  Will they give these things to Shri Krishna Chaitanya.  Who has sent them?  Lord Jagannatha has sent them.

214     (The two priests enter and approach Shri Chaitanya).

          (Lord Chaitanya walks up to them and lowers His head.  One priest offers Him the garland.  Lord Chaitanya spreads out His outer garment.  The other priest places the incense and prasadam in it.  Lord Chaitanya folds His palms, bows down before Lord Jagannatha and quickly exits, walking as a lion).

215     Everyone: Ah! What is this?  Why did the Lord suddenly leave?  Where is He going?  Let us see.  (They leave the temple, walk a few steps, and then look ahead).  Ah! The Lord has left the path that leads to His home.

216     Gopinatha: (looking) O devotees headed by Damodara, the Lord is going to Sarvabhauma's house.  Now the tree of the Bhattacarya's pious deeds has borne fruit.  Damodara and Jagadananda, you go with the Lord.  Mukunda and I will wait nearby.

217     Both: As it pleases you.  (They exit).

218     Gopinatha: Mukunda, come here.  Let us go into Sarvabhauma's courtyard.  (They do that and then look ahead).  Ah! Two of Sarvabhauma's servants are walking here.  They are filled with wonder.  Let us stop them.  (They approach the doorway).

219     (The two servants enter).

          First servant: This sannyasi knows magic spells.  He cast a spell on the Bhattacarya.

220     Second servant: What did He do?

221     First servant: I don't know.  As soon as the Bhattacarya rose from bed, the sannyasi suddenly entered the bedroom.  Then the brahmana boy said: "Bhattacarya, Bhattacarya, wake up! Wake up! The sannyasi has come."

          The Bhattacarya was frightened.  He got up and fell down at the sannyasi's feet.  Then the sannyasi put some of Lord Jagannatha's prasadam food in the Bhattacarya's hand and said, "Eat."  We have never seen the Bhattacarya eat prasadam in this way before.  He was like a madman.  Without giving a moment's thought he devoured that prasadam at once.  He had not bathed.  He had not even washed his mouth.  After he ate the prasadam he became like a madman.  The hairs of his body stood up.  Tears flowed from his eyes and moistened his garments.  His voice became choked up.  He became overwhelmed by some sickness, forgot everything, and began to roll about on the ground.  I do not know what will happen now.

222     Gopinatha: (listening) Mukunda, did you hear that?

223     Mukunda: The Lord did this because you were unhappy about Bhattacarya's condition.

224     The Two servants: Come.  We will look for Gopinatha Acarya.  (They exit).

225     Gopinatha: Good.  Good.  They did not see me.  Let us wait here for Damodara and Jagadananda.  (They do that).

226     (Enter Damodara, filled with wonder).

          Damodara: without a rope the Lord tied this wild jungle elephant.  Without showering water He extinguished the forest-fire in his heart.  He made the king of panditas' heart, which was harder than thunder, sweet as nectar.

227     Gopinatha: (approaches) Damodara, what happened?

228     Damodara: It is very confidential.  I will tell you.  I have come here for your sake.  Let us leave by another door, return home, and approach the Lord.  (The three of them walk a few steps).

229     Damodara: Without a rope the Lord tied this wild jungle elephant.  Without showering water He extinguished the forest-fire in his heart.  He made the king of the panditas' heart, which was harder than thunder, sweet as nectar.  (Damodara then tells all that had happened).

230     Gopinatha: We already heard all this from the mouths of two servants as they talked.

231     Damodara: Because of your mercy Sarvabhauma attained this good fortune.  Come.  Let us quickly go to the Lord.  The Bhattacarya has finished his daily religious duties.  He has almost come here.  Now is not the time to talk.  (They walk).

232     The Lord enters and sits down.  Nityananda and Jagadananda also enter).

233     Bhagavan: Jagadananda, where is Gopinatha Acarya?

234     Jagadananda: The Acarya is hurrying here.  Damodara and Mukunda are with him.

235     Gopinatha: (approaches) Glory, glory to the supremely merciful Lord!

236     Jagadananda: Ah! What wonderful things did you say?

237     Gopinatha: That will all become known to you.  (He approaches the Lord and bows down).

238     A voice From Behind the Scenes: Lord, this is not the path to Lord Jagannatha's temple.

239     Bhagavan: (intently listening) Acarya what is that sound?

240     Gopinatha: (looking behind the scenes) I know.  I know.  It is he.  It is he.  It is the Bhattacarya.  Without going first to see Lord Jagannatha he has come here to bow before the Lord's feet.

241     Damodara: I knew this would happen.

242     (Everyone looks ahead).

243     (His heart filled with wonder and happiness, Sarvabhauma enters).

          Sarvabhauma: (aside) Ah! Gopinatha Acarya spoke the truth.  My heart now understands that Shri Chaitanya is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

          (He eagerly walks).  Ah! This is the home of my maternal aunt.  I will enter.  (He enters).

          (Gopinatha Acarya rises and greets him).

          Sarvabhauma: (looking ahead) Acarya, what is the svami doing?
244     Acarya: Come this way.

245     Sarvabhauma: (approaching the Lord he folds his hands and offers dandavat obeisances)  When a sparsamani jewel no longer turns iron into gold, then a learned devotee will not understand whether the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who in the course of enjoying various transcendental pastimes sometimes appears in this material world, is present before him.

246     O Lord Padmanabha, who stays in the hearts of the devotees, O husband of the goddess of fortune, You now walk the earth in the form of a sannyasi.  How is a person like myself, who am little more than a dumb animal, able to see You, the all-powerful Supreme Lord?  Fate is very kind to me.

247     Bhagavan: (covers His ears) Bhattacarya! What are you saying?  I am simply a child and you the parent who protects and loves Me.  (aside) Aha! Now I will test his heart.  (openly)  Sir, what scripture can you cite to support these words?

248     Bhattacarya: (folding his hands) To demonstrate their intellectual prowess, philosophers write books to refute the theories of others.  Their conclusions are different from the words of Vedic literature, which describe unmotivated devotional service found only by the mercy of the Lord.

249     Although the Vedas, Puranas, Mahabharata, Tantras and mantras all describe the Supreme Brahman, philosophers are still bewildered about Brahman's real nature.

250     The word "brahman" comes from the verbal root "brmh", and so Brahman means either "the greatest", or "He who protects all living entities."  These two meanings indicate that Brahman is a person with qualities.  They who repeat the theory that Brahman has no qualities do not understand this.

251     This is described in Hayasirsa-pancaratra:

          "Whatever Vedic mantras describe the Absolute Truth impersonally only prove in the end that the Absolute Truth is a person.  The Supreme Lord is understood in two features: impersonal and personal.  If one considers the Supreme Personality of Godhead in both features, he can actually understand the Absolute Truth.  He knows that the personal understanding is stronger because we see that everything is full of variety.  No one can see anything that is not full of variety."*

252     The Vedic scriptures also say: "Anandad dhy eva khalv imani bhutani jayante anandenaiva jatani jivanti anandam prayanti abhisamvisanti" (From the Supreme transcendental bliss the living entities are born.  By the supreme transcendental bliss the living entities are maintained.  Into the Supreme transcendental bliss the living entities enter at the time of cosmic annihilation.)  By the use of the word "ananda" (bliss) in the ablative and instrumental cases, the Sruti-sastra confirms that the Supreme Brahman has the quality of bliss.  The Sruti-sastra also explains: "yato va imani bhutani jayante" (From the Supreme Brahman all living entities were born), "Sa aiksata" (The Supreme Brahman casts His glance), and "So kamayata" (The Supreme Brahman desired).  These references to glancing and desiring also confirm that the Supreme Brahman possesses qualities.

          The Sruti-sastra further says: "Jyotisas caranabhidhanat) The Supreme Brahman has a spiritual form).  The word "jyotisah" here means "not material".  The form of the Supreme Brahman is not material.  In spite of all evidence to the contrary, the voidists and impersonalists will still insist that the Supreme Brahman has no qualities.  They are wrong.  The word "brahman" literally means "the supremely opulent Personality of Godhead."

          The Personal nature of the Supreme Brahman is also described in the following statement of Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.7.11):

          vadanti tat tattva-vidas

                   tattvam yaj jnanam advayam

          brahmeti paramatmeti

                   bhagavan iti sabyate

          "Learned transcendentalists who know the Absolute Truth call this non dual substance Brahman, Paramatma or Bhagavan."*

          As a man is haunted by a ghost, these impersonalists are haunted by the desire to establish their philosophy.  In this way they reject the obvious meaning of the scriptures and try to establish their own fanciful and untenable conclusion that the Absolute has neither qualities nor personality.  All their arguments are a useless waste of time.

253     Their arguments are answered by the following statement of the Hayasirsa-pancaratra:

          "Transcendental bliss is divided into two kinds:"

1.       formless bliss, and 2, bliss with a form.

          Bliss with a form is the shelter and resting place of the formless bliss.

          The bliss with a form is the infallible Personality of Godhead Lord Krishna.

          The learned devotees know that the word "brahman" refers to

1.       The formless brahman;

2.       The all-pervading Supersoul;

3.       The form of transcendental knowledge;

4.       The Supreme Personality of Godhead whose spiritual form is beyond the touch of the modes of material nature; and

5.       The individual spirit soul (jiva).

          They who know the truth say there is no real difference between the formless bliss and the transcendental bliss with form.  The Vedas say these two are different in the same way as a jewel and its splendour are different.

254     The same point is explained in the Kapila-pancaratra, where Lord Kapila says to Agastya Muni: "The Supreme Brahman has two features: personal and impersonal.  One should think of the Supreme Lord, Narayana, as simultaneously personal and impersonal."  This is the unbiased opinion of the Kapila-pancaratra.

255     The impersonalists try to prove that the Supreme Brahman is formless bliss.  All they actually prove, however, is that their hearts are very hard.  The statement of the Pancaratra: "anandam brahmano rupam" (the form of the Supreme Brahman is full of bliss) and the statement of Sruti-sastra: "ekam evadvitiyam brahma" (Brahman is  one without a second) prove that the personal and impersonal Brahman are two aspects of the same Supreme.  This is confirmed by the statement of the Pancaratra:

          "The personal and impersonal brahman are different in the same way as a jewel and its splendour are different."

          In this way all Vedic scriptures say there is no difference between the personal and impersonal aspects of the Supreme, and therefore the Supreme Brahman is in truth the Personality of Godhead, Lord Krishna.

          Some philosophers say that the Supreme Brahman is formless bliss, and its because of material contamination that one thinks of Him as a blissful person who enjoys transcendental pastimes.  The words of the Pancaratra do not support this view, but rather glorify the worship of the personal form of the Supreme.  This worship of the Supreme Personality of Godhead is the actual message of the Vedas.  The way the message of the Four Vedas should be understood is explained in he following verse:

256     "The spiritual message propounded in the thousand limbs of the tree of the Vedas is not always perfectly clear to see.  In order to clarify the meaning of the Vedas the branches known as the Puranas have sprouted from the tree of the Vedas."

257     That the Supreme Brahman is a person is also confirmed in the following statement of the Puranas:

          yan-mitrani paramanandam

                   purnam brahma sanatanam

          "How greatly fortunate are Nanda Maharaja, the cowherd men and all the inhabitants of Vrajabhumi!  There is no limit to their fortune because the Absolute Truth, the source of transcendental bliss, the eternal Supreme Brahman, has become their friend."*

258     The personal form of the Supreme Brahman is here called "purnam" or "full".  From this we may understand that the impersonal conception of the Supreme Brahman is "apurnam", not full or incomplete.  That is the opinion of the saintly and pure-hearted.

          In the scriptural statement "vasudeva-para devata vasudeva-parat paramatmanah sankarsano jivah" (The demigods are devotees of Lord Vasudeva.  From the Supreme Lord Vasudeva is manifested Lord Sankarsana, who gives life to the jivas).  The word "jiva" here means "He who gives life to the jivas".  It does not mean that Lord Sankarsana Himself is a jiva soul.  The word "atma" here means either the name or form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  That the Supreme Personality of Godhead and His name are identical is confirmed by Lord Krishna in these words: "I have two forms: My transcendental body and My holy name."  The word "jiva" here should be understood to mean "the creator of the jivas".  In this way the  message of the Vedic scriptures is that Lord Krishna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

259     Bhagavan: Well done! Well done!  Now you may go to see the lotus-eyed Supreme Personality of Godhead.

260     Bhattacarya: As the Lord orders.  (Taking Damodara and Jagadananda with him, he exits).

261     Mukunda: Why did he take them and go?

262     Gopinatha: That is a secret.  O Lord, was that the same Bhattacarya?

263     Bhagavan: You are a great devotee of the Lord.  Because of your association he has become transformed.

264     Gopinatha: (laughs) it is so.

265     (Tossing the curtain aside, Damodara and Jagadananda enter).

          Damodara and Jagadananda: Lord, the Bhattacarya gives You these two verses as well as the remnants of Lord Jagannatha's meal.

266     Bhagavan: I am indebted to him.

267     Mukunda: Let me look at these verses.  (He takes the page and reads to himself);

268     :Let me take shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna, who has descended in the form of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to teach us real knowledge, His devotional service, and detachment from whatever does not foster Krishna consciousness.  He has descended because He is an ocean of transcendental mercy.  Let me surrender unto His lotus feet.*

269     "Let my consciousness, which is like a honeybee, take shelter of the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who has just now appeared as Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to teach the ancient system of devotional service to Himself.  This system had almost been lost due to the influence of time."*

270     (After reading, he copies the verses on the wall and places the original writing in the Lord's hand.  The Lord glances at it, and then tears it up).

271     Gopinatha: Lord, now it is midday.  It is time for Your afternoon duties.

272     Everyone: So it is.  (They exit).


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Seven Tirthatanah

Journey to the Holy Places


Act Seven

1        (Sarvabhauma enters).

          Sarvabhauma: Why has Maharaja Prataparudra called for me at this unusual hour?  I must go to him.  (He walks).

2        (Accompanied by his associates, the king enters).

          The King: Who is here?  Who is here?  Summon the Bhattacarya.

3        Bhattacarya: (approaching) It is I.  I have come in response to your call.

4        The King: (bowing down to offer respects) Here is a seat.  Please sit down.

5        (The Bhattacarya first blesses the king, and then sits down).

6        The King: Bhattacarya, I have heard that a very exalted and merciful sannyasi has come here from Bengal.

7        Bhattacarya: Yes.  It is so.

8        The King: How may I offer respects to His feet?

9        Bhattacarya: That is difficult to attain.  He lives a secluded life and allows only those in the renounced order to see Him.  Also, for some days He has been travelling in the south.

10      The King: Why would He leave Lord Jagannatha and go travelling?

11      Bhattacarya: The sastra says:

          tirthi-kurvanti tirthani

                   svantah-sthena gadabhrta

          "My Lord, devotees like Your good self are verily holy places personified.  Because you carry the Personality of Godhead within your heart, you turn all places into places of pilgrimage."*

          That is the nature of saintly persons.  The sannyasi of whom you speak is like that.

12      The King: (struck with wonder) Bhattacarya, if what you say is true.  Why did you not try to keep Him here?

13      Bhattacarya: When he knits His brow, Brahma and the other demigods tremble in fear.  Unless He grants His mercy, He will not submit to the control of anyone else.

14      How many times did I not pray to Him?  How many times did I not beg Him with faltering words?  How many times did I not speak fearsome threats of suicide?  How  many times did I not grasp His feet and cry?  Still, He went.  For very exalted persons mercy and cruelty are the same thing.

15      King: (with eagerness) Will He ever come here again?

16      Bhattacarya: Yes.  His friends are here.

17      King: Why did He travel alone?

18      Bhattacarya: Why did He travel alone like that?  I arranged for many honest brahmanas to accompany Him.

19      King: How far did they go with Him?

20      Bhattacarya: They went as far as the Godavari River, but the Lord continued alone to Setubandha, I think.

21      King: Why did the brahmanas not go with Him for that distance?

22      Bhattacarya: He would not allow them.  To give mercy to Ramananda Raya, the Lord met him on the shore of the Godavari River.

23      King: What mercy did he receive?

24      Bhattacarya: I told the Lord that He should meet Ramananda on the shore of the Godavari and be merciful to him.

25      King: How did Ramananda become so fortunate?

26      Bhattacarya: King, he is by nature a Vaishnava.  In the past I would laugh at him, but now I know how great he is.

27      King: I heard the Lord was merciful to you.

28      Bhattacarya: The Lord is independent.  He is merciful as He sees fit.

29      Doorkeeper: (enters) Bhattacarya, the brahmanas you sent have returned from the Godavari River.  They wait to see you.

30      Bhattacarya: The king is eager to see them.  Let them enter.

31      Doorkeeper: As you order.  (Bringing them, he again enters).

32      Bhattacarya: Ah! Come in! Come in!

33      (The brahmanas approach, offering blessings to the king, and bowing down before Sarvabhauma).

34      King: Please sit down.  Tell everything from the beginning.

          (Everyone sits down).

35      Bhattacarya: One of you tell us the news.

36      One Brahmana: He left here and went to Alalanatha, where He saw the Deity and offered prayers.  He walked very quickly, as an unrestricted wild elephant.

          It was very difficult for us to follow behind Him.  He was like a strong wind sweeping south from Mount Meru in the north.  He chanted the Holy name as if He were a thundering cloud.  The travellers on the road all gazed at Him with wonder.  In this way He quickly arrived at Kurmaksetra.

37      Sarvabhauma: He did not eat anything on the way?

38      Brahmana: He did not.

39      Bhattacarya: What did you do?

40      Brahmana: We ate whenever we could and we followed behind Him.  In this way He went to Kurmaksetra, bowed down before the Deity, offered prayers, and stayed at the home of an exalted brahmana named Kurma.  Requested by this brahmana, He accepted a meal, and then He did something very wonderful.

41      Bhattacarya: What was that?

42      Brahmana: In that place lived a brahmana named Vasudeva who was afflicted with leprosy.  All his limbs were covered with worms, blood and pus.  He suffered acutely.  Whenever a worm fell from his body, he would pick it up and put it back.  He was a great devotee, his mind always absorbed in thinking of the Lord.  Still, he was humble and would never claim he was a great devotee.  When Lord Chaitanya met him, He embraced him with His long arms as if he were a dear friend He had not seen for a long time.  Then the brahmana quoted this verse from Shrimad Bhagavatam:

43      "Who am I?  A sinful, poor friend of a brahmana.  And who is Krishna?  The Supreme Personality of Godhead full in six opulences.  Nonetheless, He has embraced me with His two arms."*

44      After reciting this verse he became at once cured of leprosy and his body became splendidly handsome.  He then said: "My Lord, how did I get a body like this?  My body was overtaken by disease and now it is completely cured.  I am afraid that now my mind will become filled with pride.  And I will be again attracted to the material world."

          The Lord then said: "O brahmana, never again will you forget the Lord and never again will your heart become involved in the external things of this world.  Why should you be anxious?"

45      King: Bhattacarya, Chaitanya must be the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  If He were not He could not be so kind to a living entity.  Even the greatest mystic yogi cannot cure leprosy.

46      Bhattacarya: Then? Then?

47      Brahmana: Then, with great strength and vigour, the Lord walked to Nrsimha-ksetra.  He saw the Deity, offered prayers, bowed down, and circumambulated.  Then He went south.  He was like a splendid golden mountain filling the south with waves of light.  The waves of mercy from His glance made the hearts of all living entities melt with love of Krishna.  As He walked He chanted:

          "Krishna krishna jaya krishna krishna he

                   krishna krishna jaya krishna he

          krishna krishna jaya krishna krishna he

                   krishna krishna jaya krishna he

          krishna krishna jaya krishna pahi nah!"

          He chanted these words in a voice like thunder.  With these sweet, nectar words, He charmed the hearts of all living entities who had ears.

48      Sarvabhauma: This is true.  all this fits His nature.

49      Brahmana: Then Lord Chaitanya, who enchants the entire world, a and who is very merciful, rested on the shore of the Godavari River.  He was like a golden ketaki flower with a sweet fragrance spread in all directions.  When the brahmanas saw the self-effulgent Lord they became attracted by His transcendental potency, and they came near Him.  When they saw the Lord's transcendental form, which was filled with love of Krishna, and which was a jewel-mine of all transcendental virtues, they exclaimed: "Who is this?  Who is this?"  The brahmanas then met together and discussed what they had just seen.  Attracted by their words, and appearing like a man possessed, Ramananda Raya, struck with wonder, and his appearance filling others with wonder also, approached Lord Chaitanya.

50      King: Ramananda, you are fortunate.  You are fortunate.  With you own eyes you have seen the lotus feet of the Lord.

51      Brahmana: Ramananda then approached the Lord and, with tears in his eyes, fell down before the Lord's lotus feet.  The Lord then mercifully said: "Ah you are Ramananda?"  Ramananda said: "Yes, I am Ramananda."  The Lord said, "Following Sarvabhauma's instructions, I have come here to see you.  I will sit beside you.  I will ask questions, and you will give answers.  Who is the Supreme Personality of Godhead?  what is His name?  What are His glories.  What is the shelter of everything?  What is the Absolute Truth?"  In this way Lord Chaitanya spent a long time asking questions about the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  Immersed in the happiness of transcendental friendship, Ramananda confidently recited the following verse to answer the Lord's questions.  He said: "If one cannot control his mind, then what is the use of performing austerities?  If the mind is not fixed in thought of Lord Madhava (Krishna), then what is the use of controlling the mind?  If the heart does not melt with love for Lord Krishna, then what is the use of meditating on Him?  If one does not abandon all material desires, then what is the use of melting in love for Lord Krishna?"

52      Bhagavan: That is external.  What is real knowledge?

53      Ramananda: Devotion to Lord Hari (Krishna) is real knowledge.  Knowledge of the material portion of the Vedas and other scriptures is not real knowledge.

54      Bhagavan: What is real fame?

55      Ramananda: Real fame is to be famous as a great devotee of the Lord.  To be famous as a great philanthropist who gives money in charity is not real fame.

56      Bhagavan: What is real wealth?

57      Ramananda: Real wealth is love for Krishna.  To possess money, followers, and villages is not real wealth.

58      Bhagavan: What is suffering?

59      Ramananda: Real suffering is not to have the association of a dear devotee of Lord Krishna.  A wound at the heart or some other kind of material suffering of the body is not real suffering.

60      Bhagavan: Good.  Who are the liberated souls?

61      Ramananda: They who love Krishna's lotus feet and do not love anything else, who delight in bhakti-yoga, the yoga devotional service and are not attracted to astanga-yoga or any other kind of yoga, who place their love in the transcendental form of Lord Krishna, and not in their own external material body, is actually liberated and free from the material world.  Non-devotees who claim to be liberated are  not so.

62      Bhagavan: It is so.  What should be glorified in song?

63      Ramananda: Krishna's pastimes in Vraja.

64      Bhagavan: What is the best thing in the world?

65      Ramananda: The association of saintly devotees.

66      Bhagavan: What should be remembered?

67      Ramananda: Krishna's name.

68      Bhagavan: On what should one meditate?

69      Ramananda: Krishna's feet.

70      Bhagavan: Where should one reside?

71      Ramananda: In Vraja.

72      Bhagavan: What should make the ear happy?

73      Ramananda: Only Krishna's pastimes in Vrndavana.

74      Bhagavan: Who should be worshipped there?

75      Ramananda: Shri Shri Radha-Krishna are the supreme object of worship.

76      Bhagavan: Good. Speak on.  Speak on.

77      Ramananda: (aside) What more can I say to answer the Lord?  I do not know what further words I can say that will give Him happiness.  (Reflecting for a moment, he says openly)  They who cannot taste sweetness will drink the bitter nimba juice of impersonal liberation.  We, however, who know what is sweet, drink the dark, sweet nectar the amorous gopis drank through the corners of their eyes."

78      Bhagavan: Go on speaking like this.

79      Ramananda: I cannot say anything beyond this.  (He thinks for a moment, and then says openly) Licked by the cakora birds of the young gopis, making the Lord's footprints shine like crystal studded jewels, and making the candrakanta jewels of the gopis' eyes melt into many tears, may that moonlight of Lord Krishna's toenails protect you all.

80      Bhagavan: This is poetry.  Speak again.

81      Ramananda: (reflecting for a moment) Shining as a rising sun prayed to by the darkness or as a blossoming red lotus in the Yamuna's water, and eclipsing the goddess of fortune, the Kaustubha gem, and the Shrivatsa mark, may Shri Radha's red-lac-lotus-foot-mark on Lord Hari's chest, protect us all.

82      Bhagavan: It is like that.

83      Ramananda: (assuming the role of Shrimati Radha talking to a gopi-friend, he grasps Lord Chaitanya's feet and says:)  O gopi-friend, He is not My lover, and I am not His lover.  There is now no difference between Us.  The god of love has crushed both our hearts into a powder and made a paste of the nectar of perfect love.

          I no longer think "I am Your beloved and You are My beloved".  For Us the conception of "I" and "You" is now destroyed.  Still, I continue to think "You are My husband, and I am Your wife."  What could be more surprising than this?

84      Sarvabhauma: What did the Lord say then?

85      Brahmana: Listen to the description of what I saw.  Lord Chaitanya became like a cobra,, its hood expanded as it hears a snake-doctor chant a mantra to neutralise the power of venom.  Overwhelmed either by some disease, or by transcendental bliss, Lord Chaitanya suddenly placed His lotus hand over Ramananda's mouth.

86      King: Bhattacarya, what is the meaning of this?

87      Bhattacarya: King, the love that Radha and Krishna bear for each other is completely pure and free from any impurity.  When Lord Chaitanya heard Ramananda openly describe that pure love He stopped him by placing His hand over his mouth.  That love is too confidential to be openly described in this world.

88      Brahmana: Ramananda then divided the hair on his head into two parts.  Falling down before Lord Chaitanya, and placing his parted hair around His lotus feet, Ramananda said: "You are the charming king of they who relish transcendental mellows.  You are the charming teacher of the transcendental pastimes of dancing.  You are the Lord of the heart.  Who has the power to properly glorify You?  It is natural for You to assume many different forms, but this sannyasi form is not very natural for You.  This sannyasi form of Yours is very surprising for me."  Ramananda grasped Lord Chaitanya's feet and cried for a long time.  At last he finally said: "Has my destiny brought me a mine of precious jewels, or to a flood of nectar flowing from the moon?  O Lord, now I am able to see Your lotus feet, which are the ripe fruits of the tree of transcendental bliss.  O Lord, what I had previously seen in a dream I am now able to see directly."  Ramananda then again clutched the Lord's lotus feet and began to cry, and Lord Chaitanya responded by embracing Ramananda.  Then one of Ramananda Raya's brahmana ministers approached and said: "Lord, the afternoon is now beginning."  Lord Chaitanya then left to perform His midday duties.  We bowed down before His lotus feet, and on that day we began our return journey.

89      Sarvabhauma: Now you should all take rest.

90      The Brahmana: As you order.

91      (The king gives them gifts and they respectfully exit).

          (A doorkeeper enters)

          Doorkeeper: The king of Karnataka has sent his learned brahmana minister Mallabhatta with a gift.  The learned brahmana waits at the door.

92      Sarvabhauma: I know him.  He is a very learned brahmana.

93      King: He may enter.

94      Doorkeeper: As my lord orders.  (He exits and re-enters with Mallabhatta).

95      Sarvabhauma: a great scholar has come.  (He rises).

96      Mallabhatta: (offering blessings to the king).  Bhattacarya, what is this?  There is no need to stand on my account.  The golden mountain Sumeru always stands very tall.  The seas are always very deep, goddess Laksmi is the natural object of the people's worship, and the saintly devotees are always decorated with the virtue of humbleness.

97      King: Here is a seat.

98      Mallabhatta: As you request, I will sit.  (He sits).

99      King: Is the king of Karnataka well and happy?

100     Mallabhatta: Because he has friends like your good self, therefore he is always in an auspicious condition of life.  However, now one very auspicious thing has happened to him.

101     King: What is that?

102     Mallabhatta: O great king, on the pretext of going on pilgrimage, a certain regal sannyasi, His complexion the colour of molten gold, came from this country to the south.  His presence in the south filled the king of Karnataka with bliss.

103     Sarvabhauma: (eager) Bhatta, go on speaking.  Go on speaking.

104     King: What is it?

105     Mallabhatta: As in the north, in the south there are many karmis, many jnanis, a few Vaishnavas, very many Sivaites, and many blasphemers.  The leaders of these different groups engage in bitter debate, each attempting to establish the supremacy of his own view.  This situation made our king very anxious.

106     King: Then? Then?

107     Mallabhatta: When this regal sannyasi entered the south, young and old all became struck with wonder.  When the brahmanas, eager to see Him, approached and saw the splendour of His transcendental form, without any prompting they thought to themselves, "When will I become like that?"  At that time they become overwhelmed with ecstatic love.  The hairs of their bodies stood erect and tears flowed from their eyes.  They all gave up the various theories they had previously accepted, and they became followers of this sannyasi.  When our king heard of this he became overwhelmed with bliss.  To learn the specific details of this sannyasi's activities, the king disguised himself as an ordinary citizen and approached the brahmanas.  When he heard from their mouths of this sannyasi's wonderful activities travelling to and from Setubandha, the king became overwhelmed and he completely forgot that he was staying in the forest-fire of repeated birth and death.

108     King: Minister, your king is fortunate.

109     Sarvabhauma: What, what did he hear?  Tell us.

110     King: O minister, please tell us.

111     Mallabhatta: One day absorbed in transcendental bliss, His garments wet with tears and His hairs of His body standing up as kadamba flowers in bloom, overcome with bliss, in a choked voice He chanted the Lord's holy name as He walked on the road.  Seeing Him, some atheists said to themselves, "This is a Vaishnava.  He will accept alms from us if we tell Him the is bhagavat-prasadam."  The atheists then took some impure food fit only for dogs, and placed it before the sannyasi, saying, "O Svami, please accept this bhagavat-prasadam."  Even though, He knew all that had happened, when He heard the words "bhagavat-prasadam" He could not reject it, but instead He took the plate of food in His hand.  At that moment a great bird swooped down, took the plate from His hand, and with the plate in its beak, flew away.

112     Sarvabhauma: Ah, this is the greatness of the illusory potency.  Even the great demigods controlling the universe are bewildered by the illusory potency maya.  Certainly maya can easily bewilder the tiny creatures of this world.

113     Mallabhatta: another time He saw a brahmana staying at home and chanting the  holy names Rama Rama Rama.  When the Lord arrived there the brahmana suddenly started chanting Krishna Krishna Krishna.  The Lord then asked him, "O brahmana, at first you were chanting Rama Rama Rama, and now you are all of a sudden chanting Krishna Krishna Krishna instead.  Please tell Me why you have changed."  The brahmana replied, "O Lord, since childhood I am devoted to chanting the holy name Rama.  Somehow or other, however, when I see You, the names Krishna Krishna Krishna spontaneously come from my mouth.  I have no power to stop these names of Krishna.  It is not my fault that these names of Krishna come from me.  They come only because I have seen You."

114     King: Bhattacarya, what is the  meaning of this?

115     Bhattacarya: Although the names Krishna and Rama are the same, still they are also different.  The name Rama is described in the scriptures in these words: "The Supreme Absolute Truth is called Rama because the transcendentalists take pleasure in the unlimited true pleasure of spiritual existence."*

116     The name Krishna is described in these words of the scriptures: ""The word 'krs' is the attractive feature of the Lord's existence and 'na' means spiritual pleasure.  When the verb 'krs' is added to the affix 'na', it becomes Krishna, which indicates the Absolute Truth.

117     In this way although Krishna and Rama are the same because they are both names of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, still the name Rama refers to Lord Ramacandra and the name Krishna refers to the son of the king of Vraja.  Because Shri Krishna Chaitanyadeva is Lord Krishna Himself, when the brahmana saw Him, the name Krishna spontaneously appeared on his mouth.  That is the secret meaning of these activities.  The glory of Krishna's name is also described in these words of the scriptures:

118     "This holy name of Lord Ramacandra is equal to one thousand names of Lord Vishnu.  The pious results derived from chanting the thousand holy names of Vishnu three times can be attained by only one repetition of the holy name of Krishna."*  Therefore the name Krishna is better than the name of Rama.

119     Mallabhatta: That is the truth.  I have often explained these points in the royal assembly.  Still, in the south most Vaishnavas are devoted to Lord Ramacandra.  Because Lord Ramacandra enjoyed many pastimes in the Pancavati forest and other places in the south, the devotees' attachment to Him is perfectly nature.  Now when they see this regal sannyasi in their midst, they become devoted to Lord Krishna.  At one place the Lord saw an uneducated brahmana reciting the Bhagavad-gita with great effort and very bad pronunciation.  Although everyone was laughing at him, seeing that this brahmana was overcome with ecstatic love of Krishna, and was shedding tears and the hairs of his body were standing erect, the Lord declared this brahmana to be a pure devotee of Lord Krishna (uttama-adhikari).  The Lord said to him, "Brahmana, what are your reciting?"  The brahmana replied, "My Lord, I do not know the meaning of the words.  What I do know is that when I recite these words of Bhagavad-gita I see standing before me Lord Krishna, whose complexion is dark as a tamala tree.  I see Him standing on Arjuna's chariot, the reins in His hand."  The Lord then said "You are the best scholar of Bhagavad-gita" and embraced him.  At that moment the brahmana felt bliss much greater then he felt when reciting Bhagavad-gita.  He said: "Lord, You are the same Krishna", and overwhelmed, fell to the ground to offer respect to the Lord.

120     Sarvabhauma: He is the real scholar of Bhagavad-gita.  Because the Supreme Lord is always present in His heart, his heart is pure, and because His heart is pure, the Supreme Lord personally came before him.

121     Mallabhatta: Among my associates we share the same opinion.  This mysterious person performed many wonderful activities.  How many can I tell to you?

122     Sarvabhauma: That is so.

123     King: (yearning) Ah! When will I see the Lord?

124     A Voice Behind the Scenes: Ah! Now we may see Him again!  Don't delay!

125     King: (jubilant) Bhattacarya, my prayers are answered! I think He is now asking to see Lord Jagannatha.  Shri Krishna Chaitanya has come!

126     Bhattacarya: King, it is true.

127     King: Bhattacarya, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna Chaitanya is the seed of Purusottama-ksetra.  The Chaitanya-seed has sprouted the many happinesses of the devotees.  Now by serving Him we will be able to serve Lord Jagannatha directly.

128     Sarvabhauma: Saintly kings are empowered incarnations of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  Whatever thoughts appear in their minds are the truth.

129     A Voice Behind the Scenes: Ah! Ah! It's true! It's true!

130     King: (jubilant) These words are an auspicious omen.  Look! Let us see who has come.

131     Bhattacarya: Accompanied by many other pilgrims, a pilgrim is eager to see Lord Jagannatha.

132     Doorkeeper: (enters) Lord, a crowd of people is running very quickly.

133     King: See whether they have weapons or not.

134     Doorkeeper: (exits and again enters) Lord, none of them have weapons.

135     Sarvabhauma: The Lord has returned.

136     (From Behind the Scenes there is a tumultuous roar of "Hari bol! Hari bol!")

137     Sarvabhauma: The Lord has definitely returned.

138     A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Although He travelled to all holy places of pilgrimage, He was not satisfied to stay at them.  Now He is running to Jagannatha Puri.  Look! He is like a jewel mountain-peak on the shore of the ocean.  Destiny is again kind to us.

139     Sarvabhauma: O great king, it is Gopinatha Acarya that happily speaks these words.  The Lord has come.  I must go to meet Him.

140     King: Hurry! Hurry! Mallabhatta, you must stop your narrations for now.  Let us go to do what must be done.

          (Everyone exits)


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Eight Prataparudranugrahah

Mercy to King Prataparudra


Act Eight

1        (Enter Shri Krishna Chaitanya, accompanied by Sarvabhauma, Damodara, Jagadananda and others).

2        Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Sarvabhauma, although I have travelled for a great distance, I have not seen anyone like you.  Only Ramananda Raya is like you.  He is extraordinary.

3        Sarvabhauma: Lord, that is why I said You should see him.

4        Shri Krishna Chaitanya: I have seen many Vaishnavas who are worshippers of Lord Narayana.  In the same way I have seen others who are tattvavadis.  Their opinions are not faultless.  I have seen many others who are worshippers of Lord Siva.  I have seen many very powerful atheists. Bhattacarya, I only liked the opinions of Ramananda.

5        Sarvabhauma: His opinions are not his own.  He has accepted Your opinions.  I also accept all Your opinions.  Your opinions are perfectly supported by all the scriptures.

5        Gopinathacarya: Bhattacarya, has someone arranged a residence where the Lord will stay?

6        Bhattacarya: (aside) Acarya, the king has arranged it.

7        Gopinathacarya: (aside) What residence?

8        Bhattacarya: Kasi Misra's house.

9        Gopinathacarya: Well done! Well done! It is near the Simha-dvara gate.  He may very easily see Lord Jagannatha.

          (They leave the ocean shore and enter the town of Jagannatha Puri).

10      (Enter Kasi Misra, some servants of Lord Jagannatha, and the superintendent of the temple.  The servants of Jagannatha carry in their hands prasadam garlands worn by Lord Jagannatha).

11      Everyone:  There He is!  There is Shri Krishna Chaitanya Svami!  (They eagerly approach).

12      Sarvabhauma: My Lord, these are the servants of Lord Jagannatha.  This person is  named Kasi Misra.  This is the superintendent of the temple.

13      (Kasi Misra and the superintendent approach and offer dandavat obeisances.  The servants of Lord Jagannatha place the garland around Lord Chaitanya's neck and then they also offer obeisances).

14      Bhagavan: Ah! Why do Lord Jagannatha's servants worship Me?  Why is this wrong action done?  (Lord Chaitanya offers obeisances to everyone and embraces them).

15      The Servants of Lord Jagannatha: Sarvabhauma, now is the time of Lord Jagannatha's midday nap.  Will the svami go now to Lord Jagannatha, or first rest and bathe and then go to Him?

16      Sarvabhauma: First He will bathe and then go to see the Lord.

17      Kasi Misra: Please come this way.  (He leads them to his house).

18      Sarvabhauma: Lord, this is Kasi Misra's house.  It was specially cleaned and prepared for You.  The Lord may enter now.

          (He enters.  The servants of Lord Jagannatha offer obeisances and exit).

19      (Many exalted residents of Jagannatha Puri then enter).

20      Some People: O Lord, when You first came here we were not fortunate, for we remained unable to see You, the supremely merciful.  Now we have become fortunate, for now with our own eyes we see the master of Jagannatha Puri.  (They approach).

21      Sarvabhauma: Lord, here is the devotee named Janardana.  At the time of anavasara he becomes the personal servant of Lord Jagannatha's golden staff.  His name is Krishna dasa.  Here is Lord Jagannatha's scribe, Sikhi Mahiti.  These two men are his brothers.  This is Dasa-mahaso-ara, the head cook of the Deity-kitchen.  All these men are sincere devotees of Lord Jagannatha.  These exalted brahmanas are Candanesvara, Murari and Simhesvara.  They are the advisors of the king.

          They are all sincere Vaishnavas.  Here is Praharaja.  He is the chief minister of the king.  He is a great devotee of the Lord.  Here is Pradyumna Misra.  Here is Vishnu dasa.

          These are Ramananda Raya's brothers.  In their midst is Vaninatha Pattanayaka.  This is Ramananda's father, Bhavananda Raya.  These men offering dandavat obeisances are residents of Bengal and Orissa.  They have surrendered their hearts and lives to You.  It is right that You be merciful to them all and accept them as Your devotees.

22      Bhagavan: How can they be My devotees?  They are servants of Lord Jagannatha.

23      Sarvabhauma: Lord, Lord Jagannatha and You are not different.  You are both Krishna.  There is only one difference between You: He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the form of a wooden Deity, and you are the Supreme Personality of Godhead in a humanlike form.

24      Bhagavan: (Covering His ears) Sarvabhauma, that is a lie.  It is bitter for the ears.  It is bitter as gauda-rasa-paka juice.  It is not sweet.

25      Sarvabhauma: Lord, You appeared in Gauda-desa (Bengal), so now the rasa-paka juice of Gauda-desa is very sweet.

26      Bhagavan: Stop! Stop! Now it is time to see lotus-eyed Lord Jagannatha.

27      Sarvabhauma: The Lord may go now.  (He makes the Lord go first, and then follows behind Him).

28      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Holding a sannyasi danda to punish the sinful, Paramananda Puri has now come before us.  The sight of him is nectar for the eyes.

29      Sarvabhauma: Ah! This person declares it is time to see Lord Jagannatha.

30      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: (aside) Ah! This is Paramananda Puri, the disciple of the great sage Madhavendra Puri.  All the transcendental potency of My elder brother Visvarupa has entered the body of Paramananda Puri.  He has now come.  When he sees Lord Jagannatha, he will understand the truth.

31      Sarvabhauma: This is Paramananda Puri who has come into the Lord's presence.  These people have come to enter the temple of Lord Jagannatha.

          (Accompanied by the Lord, everyone exits to see Lord Jagannatha).

32      (Paramananda Puri enters).

          Paramananda Puri: (with longing) "When will I see the Supreme Personality of Godhead appear in the form of a devotee?  My heart yearns for this.  Perhaps, after a long time, the time will come when this desire will bear fruit.  I do not know what kind of fruit the tree of auspiciousness will bear for me then.  (He walks) O Lord Jagannatha, please forgive me.  Without seeing You first, I immediately went to see Shri Krishna Chaitanya.  You know everything, so You also know the very strong desire in my heart.

          (He looks ahead)  Ah! The Lord will be coming to this place.  A great tumultuous sound has risen from the direction of the gate to Lord Jagannatha's temple.

          A crowd has gathered.  It does not disperse.

          O fortunate earth planet, because of your  many pious deeds, the Supreme Personality of Godhead in a golden form will appear on your surface.  I will follow.  (He follows).

33      (Accompanied by His associates, and overwhelmed with bliss from seeing Lord Jagannatha, Shri Krishna Chaitanya enters).

          Shri Krishna Chaitanya: (remembering) Ah! I see Paramananda Puri is coming here.  First I felt the happiness of seeing Lord Jagannatha.  Now I feel a different happiness.  My heart suddenly feels very happy.  This declares that something auspicious will now come.  (He eagerly waits).

34      Paramananda Puri: (looking ahead)  Ah! It is He! Glories to Him, overwhelmed with bliss by drinking the nectar of the sight of Nilacala's Jagannatha moon, the hairs of His body erect with bliss, and His splendid chest a great wall of gold and jewels flooded with streams of tears.

35      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: (looking ahead) Suddenly he comes this way.  (The Lord bows down and then stands up).  Lord, are you Paramananda Puri?
36      Paramananda Puri: (with reverence) Because I have a great desire to see You I have come here from Varanasi.

37      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: You are very kind to Me.

38      Jagadananda: (approaching) Lord, here, here... (He stops)

39      Sarvabhauma: Lord, this is very wonderful.  All streams and rivers of the earth must enter the ocean.  They cannot go to any other place.

40      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: On the order of the Lord, who is the most learned in rasas, he has assumed this form of a sannyasi to become the teacher of transcendental rasas.  Because he is not different from the Lord in his feelings of love for Krishna, he is called Damodara-Svarupa (the form of Lord Krishna) in this world.

41      Sarvabhauma: Ah! The entire world is naturally attracted to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  Even when they cannot see Him, everyone sings His glories.

42      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: (listening) Ah! I hear the name "Damodara Svarupa" and I see someone coming towards Me.

43      Sarvabhauma: O Lord, when You descend to this world Your eternal associates also descend, some preceding and some following You.  This time they have also descended to this world.  They are like many streams and rivers entering the ocean.

44      (Damodara Svarupa enters).

          Damodara Svarupa: (looking up to the sky) O ocean of mercy, Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu! Let there be an awakening of Your auspicious mercy, which easily drives away all kinds of material lamentation.  By Your mercy, everything is made pure and blissful.  It awakens transcendental bliss and covers all gross material pleasures.  By your auspicious mercy, quarrels and disagreements arising among different scriptures are vanquished.  Your auspicious mercy causes the heart to jubilate by pouring forth transcendental mellows.  Your  mercy always stimulates devotional service, which is full of joy.  You are always glorifying the conjugal love of God.  May transcendental bliss be awakened within my heart by Your causeless mercy.*  (He approaches).

45      Gopinathacarya: (looking ahead, he says to himself) I have heard of this person named Damodara Svarupa.  He is very renounced and learned, and he is a devotee of the Lord.  He is a disciple of Chaitanyananda.  Even though his guru repeatedly ordered him to study Vedanta-sutra and teach Vedanta to his disciples, Damodara Svarupa would not do it.  Thinking the world unimportant, he renounced everything.  I will tell the Lord.  (He approaches).  Lord, the learned scholar Damodara Svarupa is here.

46      Bhagavan: Where is he?  Where is he?  (He eagerly approaches).

47      (Svarupa Damodara approaches and bows down before His feet.  Shri Krishna Chaitanya lifts him up and embraces him with both arms).

48      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: He is a devotee of Lord Krishna and a sincere servant of Isvara Puri.  His heart is pure and he is renounced, detached from the objects of material sense-gratification.

49      Sarvabhauma: (listening) Ah! One of Lord Jagannatha's servants approaches.  Who is he?  Is he an assistant of the temple-superintendent?  No.  He is in the renounced order.

50      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Ah! This person seems to have come from Isvara Puri.

51      Sarvabhauma: (looking) I know him.  (He looks very carefully).

52      The person named Govinda enters).

          Govinda: (aside) Isvara Puri sent me here, saying, "Go to Chaitanya Mahaprabhu."  I cannot understand the limits of my great good fortune.  (He approaches and offers obeisances with folded hands).  My Lord, Isvara Puri said to me: "When I first saw Krishna Chaitanya I became filled with happiness.  I do not see any other place for you.  Go to Him".  In this way Isvara Puri sent me to Your feet.

53      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: This is Isvara Puri's great fatherly love for Me.

54      Sarvabhauma: You were Isvara Puri's disciple and servant?

55      Govinda: Yes.

56      Sarvabhauma: My Lord, how can You accept another brahmana as Your servant?

57      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Bhattacarya, don't talk in that way.  The independent Supreme Personality of Godhead, bestows His mercy without thinking of birth, caste, or any other external thing.  Although He would not eat the food offered by the ksatriya Duryodhana, Lord Krishna happily accepted the food offered by the sudra Vidura.

58      Sarvabhauma: That is true.

59      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: So be it.  Although it is not right to accept service from the servant of a worshipable superior, if the superior orders, one must accept.  (He accepts Govinda and shows kindness to him).

60      (Mukunda hastily enters)

          Mukunda: Lord, Brahmananda Bharati has come.  He is very eager to see You.  Give the order and we will bring him here.

61      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Quiet!  He is My superior.  I should go to him.

62      Sarvabhauma: When exalted persons act humbly as if they were ordinary men, the result is extraordinary.  For example, even though the goddess Ganges naturally resides at the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu, she voluntarily descends to this material world and carries the conditioned souls back to the spiritual world.

          (Placing the Lord in front, they walk).

63      (Wearing a deerskin garment, Brahmananda enters).

          Brahmananda: (looking ahead) Here is Shri Krishna Chaitanya.  His arms like long golden clubs, His complexion like glistening golden ketaki flowers and His transcendental form splendidly decorated with a garland of fresh damanaka flowers, gracefully walking Shri Krishna Chaitanya has now appeared before me.

64      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: (noticing the deerskin garment, He pretends not to see him).  Mukunda where is he?

65      Mukunda: This is he.

66      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: This is not he.  If this were Brahmananda, then why would he wear this outer garment of deerskin?

67      Brahmananda: (listening) Ah! He is not pleased with my deerskin.  This deerskin garment is simply a way to flaunt my false pride.  It is not useful.  They who live a simple, honest life are actually in a good position to attain advancement in spiritual realisation.  What is the use of this thing?  (He discards the deerskin outer-garment).

68      (Shri Krishna Chaitanya glances at Damodara.  Understanding Lord Chaitanya's hint, Damodara at once gives Brahmananda an outer garment of cloth.  Brahmananda dresses himself in the cloth outer-garment.  Shri Krishna Chaitanya approaches Brahmananda and then bows down before him).

69      Brahmananda: (both frightened and struck with awe)  Lord, although in order to teach the people of this world what You have done is proper, still it fills me with fear.  Therefore it is not right to do this.  The glories of this city of Nilacala are so great and wonderful that it is not possible for a person like me to properly describe them.  In Nilacala the Supreme Personality of Godhead now is manifest in two forms: one a dark stationary form, and the other a moving form with a fair complexion.

70      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: You say "now".  That means at this moment the Supreme Personality of Godhead is present here in a golden form.  Because in your name the word "brahma" refers to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, therefore you are that golden form of the Lord.

71      Brahmananda: There are a difference between the limited and the unlimited.  Because I have  now rejected my deerskin garment, it should be understood that I am a limited jiva soul.

72      Sarvabhauma: Shripada Brahmananda speaks the truth.

73      Brahmananda: Sarvabhauma, see! See! The Vishnu-sahasra-nama describes the golden form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the words:

          suvarna-varno hemango

                   varangas candanangadi

74      The name "candanangadi" refers to Lord Jagannatha when He is decorated with lines drawn in sandalwood paste.  See! See! The appearance of the Lord in His Deity form brings supreme transcendental bliss.  What can be said of Lord Krishna?  Ah! This is all very wonderful.

75      When one sees the blissful, all knowing form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one's senses, heart, and mind all become stunned with transcendental bliss.  They who reject the Lord's personal form and instead meditate on something formless in their hearts are bewildered.  They do not understand the truth of the Personality of Godhead.  Their hearts are filled with material desires.

76      If the Supreme Personality of Godhead is the formless totality of existence, then why are not the proud and envious demons also the Supreme Spirit?  In truth, the Supreme is not limited by either form or formlessness.  He has a feature with form and He also has a feature without form.  He is Himself full of transcendental bliss, and He is the source of transcendental bliss for others.  That is my opinion.

77      Sarvabhauma: Lord, that is right.  What you have said is confirmed by the Vedanta-sutra, which says: "anandamayo bhyasat" (The Supreme is full of bliss, and He gives bliss to others).

          The affix "maya" in "anandamaya" means both "possessor" and giver" just as wealthy philanthropist possesses wealth and also gives it to others.  If one attains the Supreme Lord's mercy, he becomes able to give up the impersonalist idea of the Supreme and understand the transcendental sweetness of Supreme Person's spiritual form.  This is explained in the words of Bilvamangala Thakura:

78      "Although I was worshipped by those on the path of monisn and initiated into self-realisation through the yoga system, I am nonetheless forcibly turned into a maidservant by some cunning boy who is always joking with the gopis."*

79      Damodara: (to Brahmananda) Shripada, may I remind you it is time to go and attend to your duties.

80      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Lord, it is right.

81      Brahmananda: As it please Your Lordship.  (accompanied by Damodara and some others, he exits).

82      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Sarvabhauma, you also should go.

83      Sarvabhauma: Lord, I have something to ask.

84      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: What is it?

85      Sarvabhauma: Lord, if You assure me that I may speak without fear, then I will speak my request.

86      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: You may speak without fear.

87      Sarvabhauma: The king is very eager to see Your feet.  If You give permission, we will bring him here.

88      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: (covers His ears) Sarvabhauma, what are you saying?

          "Alas, for a person who is seriously desiring to cross the material ocean and engage in the transcendental loving service of the Lord without material motives, seeing a materialist engaged in sense gratification, and seeing a woman who is similarly interested, is more abominable than drinking poison willingly."*

89      Sarvabhauma: My Lord, what You say is true.  Still, the king is a sincere servant of Lord Jagannatha.

90      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Just as one is immediately frightened by seeing a live serpent or even the form of a serpent, one endeavouring for self-realisation should similarly fear a materialistic person and a woman.  Indeed, he should not even glance at their bodily features.*  If you say this once more, you will never see Me again.

91      (Sarvabhauma is silent).

92      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Bhattacarya, it is late.

93      Sarvabhauma: As it pleases my Lord.  (He exits).

94      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Mukunda, when I was in the south, where did Shripada Nityananda go?

95      Mukunda: To Bengal.  He said: "When the Lord returns I will go to Him with Advaita and all the devotees."

96      Gopinatha: For now there is no war between the two countries and the roads are easy to travel.  The journey to Gundica is short.  All devotees have made arrangements to come.  However, if there were news that Your Lordship were returning to them, then what would be the use of their taking the trouble to come here?

          With their rays of light the sun and moon dispel the darkness of the world.  Who disputes it?  It is the nature of very exalted personalities to manifest themselves by their own will.   My Lord, now it is time for Lord Jagannatha's dhupa-arati.  If you give Your permission...(Frightened, he stops himself in mid sentence).

97      Shri Krishna Chaitanya: Acarya, you may go to see the dhupa-arati.  I will go to speak with Paramananda Puri and Damodara Svarupa.  (The Lord exits).

98      Gopinatha: Ah! The Lord has gone.  After I see the dhupa-arati I will meet with Him again.  (He takes a few steps).

99      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: There is King Prataparudra, come for the Rathayatra festival of Lord Jagannatha, and there is Lord Chaitanya, the golden-complexioned leader of the sannyasis.  I will try to arrange for Them to meet.

100     Gopinatha: Ah! I hear the words of the Bhattacarya.  He must have come here with King Prataparudra.  It is almost time for the Rathayatra festival.  For now I will see Lord Jagannatha, and then I will return.   (He exits).

101     (Bhattacarya enters).

          Bhattacarya: As I was coming, King Prataparudra called for me.  He is very eager to see Shri Krishna Chaitanya.  (He walks and looks) Ah! This, this the king! Let me approach him.  (He approaches).

102     (The king enters and sits on a throne.  His ministers also enter).

          King: (Filled with longings, he says to himself) I no longer wish to perform my royal duties.  For me, the enjoyment of happiness has become a disease.  If He will not see me, I will not maintain my life.

103     Sarvabhauma: I see the king is absorbed in thought.  Even though I am right before him, he still does not see me.  I will examine him.  All glories, all glories to the king!

104     King: (notices Sarvabhauma) What is it?  You are Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya.  Come here.  Come.  (He bows down).

105     (Sarvabhauma offers blessings and then sits down).

106     King: Bhattacarya, did you place my request before Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya?

107     Sarvabhauma: Yes.

108     King: What did he say?

109     Sarvabhauma: What will I say?

110     King: (unhappily) I know.  You happily come to me, but you will not tell me what He said.  Alas!

111     Alas, has Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu made His advent deciding that He will deliver all others with the exception of me?  He bestows His merciful glance upon many lower-class men who are usually not even to be seen.*

112     (He reflects for a moment).  Listen.  I know what He must have said.  What He has said is the truth.  Now I will say something.  I say that either His lotus feet enter the pathway of my eyes, or I will give up my life.  (He sheds tears).

113     Sarvabhauma: (aside) This is the greatest love.  What will I do now?  Will I talk with Him again?  Nothing will come of it.  Although the king's love is very great, it does not have the power to defeat the unshakeable resolve of Shri Chaitanya.  Ah! Now there is a solution.  (Openly) King, take heart.  Take heart.  There is a way the tree of your desire can bear fruit.

114     King: If you know a way say it.

115     Sarvabhauma: Although the messenger that is Your love for Him will make the actual arrangements for Your meeting with Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, still my advice can give some help.

116     King: What is your plan?  Tell it.

117     Sarvabhauma: (to the king alone) During the Rathayatra festival of Lord Jagannatha there will be a great festival of dancing.  To relieve the fatigue of dancing, Shri Chaitanya will enter a solitary garden.  Remove your royal robes and opulent external garments.  Dressed simply, and accompanied only by the messenger of your spiritual love, enter that garden.  In that way you can approach the Lord and personally see Him.

118     King: (relieved, he says to Sarvabhauma alone) So be it.  No one but you will know this plan.

119     Bhattacarya: So be it.

120     (The doorkeeper enters)

          Doorkeeper: Lord, a messenger has just come in great haste from the capitol.

121     King: He may enter.

122     Doorkeeper: (hastily exits and then returns with the messenger).  My Lord, this is he.

123     King: Messenger, tell the reason you have come in such haste.

124     Messenger: Lord, thousands of men have come to the far shore of the Citrotpala River.  Whether they are pilgrims of the enemy soldiers I do not know.  I heard the tumultuous sounds they are making and I immediately ran here.

125     Sarvabhauma: They are pilgrims.  If not, then we would have heard about them.  I can guess they are the Bengalis who are dear associates of Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya.  They will meet the Lord and speak sweet words with Him.

126     (a tumultuous sound comes from behind the scenes).

          Sarvabhauma: O king, they must have come at the shore of the Narendra-sarovara lake.  I hear the tumultuous sounds of their happiness.

127     King: It is true.

128     Sarvabhauma: O king, if you like, climb to the topmost parapet and look at the wonderful scene.

129     King: As you please.  (They climb to the parapet and look at the path).  Sarvabhauma, who is this carrying Lord Jagannatha's prasadam-garlands and hurrying to meet the pilgrims?

130     Sarvabhauma: It is Lord Chaitanya's dear associate Damodara.  When the Lord heard that Advaita Acarya and His other dear friends had come, He sent Damodara to meet them, offer them Lord Jagannatha's prasadam garlands, and bring them to Himself.

131     King: So it is.  He must have received Lord Chaitanya's mercy.

132     Sarvabhauma: Yes.  Otherwise how could this be.  Order that Gopinatha Acarya be called.  He knows all these devotees.

133     (Tossing the curtain aside, Gopinatha hastily enters).

          Acarya: I am he.  The king may order me.  What is to be done?

134     King: Sarvabhauma, tell him.

135     Sarvabhauma: You know all these devotees.  Please identify them one by one.

136     Gopinatha Acarya: Certainly.  (He sits down).

137     (A tumultuous sound of Hari-sankirtana from behind the scenes)

          Sarvabhauma: (listens) This sankirtana delights the ear, but it is difficult to understand the words.  First they seem to be one group of words, and then again another, and then again another.

138     King: (looking) I have never seen a kirtana wonderful as this.

139     Sarvabhauma: Lord Chaitanya is the cause of this kirtana.

140     King: Acarya, to whom is Damodara giving the Lord's garlands?

141     Gopinatha Acarya: I will tell you one by one.  He is Advaita.  He is Nityananda.

142     Sarvabhauma: Do you know that person?

143     King: Why does he stand apart from the others?

144     Sarvabhauma: Out of deep respect for everyone he does  not associate with the others.

145     Gopinatha Acarya: He is Shrivasa.  He is Vakresvara.  He is Acaryaratna.  He is Vidyanidhi.

146     Sarvabhauma: I saw those two in childhood.

147     Gopinatha Acarya: He is Haridasa.  He is Gadadhara.  He is Murari.  They are Shrivasa's two brothers.  He is Gangadasa.  He is Nrsimha Acarya.  These others are all residents of Navadvipa.  These are people I have never seen before.  If you give the order I will learn who they are and return.

148     King: Please do it.

149     Gopinatha Acarya: As it pleases the king.  (He quickly walks, stays for a short time behind the scenes, and quickly enters again).  Sarvabhauma, he is Acarya Purandara.  He is Hari Bhatta.  He is Raghava.  He is Narayana.  He is Kamalananda.  He is Kasisvara.  He is Mukunda's older brother Vasudeva.  He is Sivananda.  He is Narayana.  He is Vallabha.  He is Shrikanta.  How can I describe them all?  They are all Shri Chaitanya's associates.  Not one of them is an ordinary pilgrim.

150     King: Why do they turn from Lord Jagannatha's temple and enter Shri Krishna Chaitanya's home?

151     Sarvabhauma: That is the glory of their natural love for Him.

152     King: (again looking in another direction) Why is Ramananda's younger brother Vaninatha running with a great quantity of maha-prasadam food and other things?

153     Sarvabhauma: He knows Lord Chaitanya's heart.  Lord Chaitanya did not ask him, but to serve them he comes with maha-prasadam anyway.

154     King: Bhattacarya, the scriptures say: "When visiting any pilgrimage place one must shave his head and fast for a day."  Today these people will accept maha-prasadam and thus transgress the words of scripture.

155     Sarvabhauma: My king, they follow a different path.  Lord Chaitanya has secretly given them His order, and thus they accept prasadam directly from the hand of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself.  What is the fault in that?  The scriptures say:

156     "When a person is fully engaged in devotional service, he is favoured by the Lord, who bestows His causeless mercy.  At such a time, the awakened devotee gives up all material activities and ritualistic performances mentioned in the Vedas."*

157     The scriptures also say: "One should act only to please Lord Hari."  Their wish is to please the Lord not to gain some benediction by visiting a pilgrimage place.

158     King: So be it.  Tell  me.  When will the Rathayatra festival be?  The plan you told me waits in my heart.  For every moment has become long as a millenium.

159     Sarvabhauma: The day after tomorrow.

160     King: What! Call for Kasi Misra and the temple-superintendent.

161     (A certain person enters and bows down).

          Person: Lord, as you have ordered.  (He exits, and then, bringing them both, again enters).  Lord here they are.

162     King: O temple-superintendent, know that during the Rathayatra festival whatever is ordered by Kasi Misra, who knows Lord Chaitanya's heart, is ordered by me.  Do whatever he says.

163     Superintendent: As the king commands.

164     King: Misra, every day act according to the desires in Lord Chaitanya's heart.

165     Misra: That is my wish.

166     King: Also, please give all facility to the Bengali devotees that have come here.  arrange that they may see Lord Jagannatha whenever they wish.

167     Both: As the king commands.  (The both exit).

168     King: Bhattacarya, come here.  See how they eagerly talk among themselves.  I am king of this city.  How I am cheated of the bliss they enjoy?  Now I must carefully consider what should and should  not be done during the Rathayatra festival about to take place.  (He exits).

169     Sarvabhauma: The king's order is the same as my desire.  Now I will execute it.  (He takes a few steps with Gopinathacarya).  Ah! Making thunderous sounds of transcendental bliss, and its waves dancing in the winds of great happiness, this moving ocean of love fore Lord Krishna eclipses the stationary ocean of salt-water.  Let us approach.  (They both approach).

170     (As described, the devotees, headed by Advaita, enter).

171     Advaita: (looking ahead) Damodara, who is this coming to us with a garland?

172     Damodara: It is the Lord's constant companion, Govinda.

          (Govinda hastily enters and offers the garland.  Advaita respectfully accepts the garland).

173     Damodara: This way.  This way.  Enter Kasi Misra's asrama.

          (Headed by Advaita, the devotees enter).

174     Sarvabhauma: Ah! Wonderful! At the end of the cosmic millenium the Supreme Personality of Godhead assumes the form of a small child resting on a banyan leaf.  At that time the entire universe easily enters His small stomach.  In the same way hundreds and thousands of planets have now entered the asrama of Kasi Misra.

175     (He looks ahead). Ah! There He is.  The rising of the moon of Lord Advaita has caused a flood of great tidal waves in the nectar ocean of Shri Chaitanya.  Shri Chaitanya is eternally filled with all possible transcendental bliss.  How can His bliss suddenly increase so greatly?

176     (As described, Shri Chaitanya, Paramananda Puri, Damodara Svarupa, and the others, enter.  Shri Chaitanya approaches Nityananda and bows down to offer respects.  Shri Chaitanya then embraces Advaita.  Advaita returns the embrace.)

177     Sarvabhauma: (looking) Glories to the embrace of Lord Advaita and Lord Chaitanya who, splashed with flowing streams of tears, flooded with love, and Their arms around each other, are like two regal elephants in the jungle of divine love!

178     (From all directions everyone bows down to offer respects.  They fall to the ground like sticks.  By embracing, conversing, and greeting in various ways.  Lord Chaitanya gives His mercy to everyone.  Advaita introduces those whom Lord Chaitanya has never seen before.  These devotees who He has never seen before, Shri Chaitanya addressed by name).

179     Gopinatha: Ah!  wonderful! Lord Chaitanya addresses these devotees, saying: "Raghava, are you happy?  Vasudeva, is everything auspicious for you?  Narayana, is everything prosperous for you?  Sivananda, is everything well for you?  Sankara, are you happy?  Kamalananda and Kasisvara, are you blessed with good fortune?  Shrikanta, is everything well with you?  Narayana, is everything auspicious for you?"  Speaking these affectionate sweet words, Lord Chaitanya addresses these devotees He has never seen before, just as if they were old friends He had seen many times in the past.  Is that Lord Chaitanya knows everything, or is it that the bond of love between Him and these devotees has existed for countless lifetimes in the past?

180     Shri Chaitanya: Today there has been a great festival for Me, and tomorrow and the day after will be the Gundica festival of Lord Jagannatha, the moon of Nilacala.  Although these are both great festivals, it is today's festival of seeing Advaita Acarya that fills My heart with bliss.  (He decorates Advaita and each of the other devotees with flower garlands and sandalwood-paste prasadam of Lord Jagannatha, and He also, with His own hand, gives them prasadam-food).

181     Sarvabhauma: I should not stay here.  Seeing me brings a different kind of rasa.  Two days have almost passed since the king ordered me to arrange for the Rathayatra festival.  For this I should now go.  Acarya, you please stay.  (He exits).

182     Gopinatha: (approaching) Glories! Glories to Lord Mahaprabhu!

183     Shri Chaitanya: Is this Gopinatha Acarya?  Come offer respects to Advaita.  (Gopinatha does that).

184     Advaita: (embracing him).  I know you.  You are the Visarada's son-in-law.

185     Shri Chaitanya: He is a great devotee.  Acarya, You and Vaninatha please make arrangements to accommodate all the devotees.

186     Gopinatha: As You order.  (He exits).

187     Shri Chaitanya: Vasudeva, although Mukunda was My friend before I met you, now that I see you, you are more dear to Me than he.

188     Vasudeva: (humbly) Lord, what am I?  I am very fallen and insignificant.  Mukunda, received Your mercy long before I did.  although he is younger by birth, he is older than me in the  matter of receiving Your mercy.

189     Shri Chaitanya: Sivananda! You love Me dearly.  I know that.

190     Sivananda: O my Lord! O unlimited one! Although I was merged in the ocean of nescience, I have now, after a long time, attained You, just as one may attain the seashore.  My dear Lord, by getting me, You have attained the right person upon whom to bestow Your causeless mercy.*  (He falls to the ground).

191     Shri Chaitanya: Raghava, I have great love for you.

192     (Without speaking any words, Raghava replies by bowing down).

193     Shri Chaitanya: Svarupa, although Sankara is Damodara's younger brother, still for Me...(Glancing at Damodara, He stops in mid-sentence).

194     Damodara: "...for Me is more fortunate than his older brother."  Lord, Your words should be completed in this way.

195     Shri Chaitanya: Damodara's love is mixed with feelings of awe and reverence, but Sankara's love is not mixed with anything.  It is pure.  That is why he may stay in My company.  Govinda, you must always be very kind to Sankara.

196     Both of Them: As the Lord orders.

197     (Gopinatha hastily enters)

          Gopinatha: Lord, everything is arranged according to Your order.  Especially a nice permanent residence has been arranged near Yamesvara for Gadadhara Pandita.

198     Shri Chaitanya: Advaita, this is Paramananda Puri.  He is like a second Vyasadeva.  He is the dear disciple of Your own guru.  You should offer respects to him.

199     (Advaita does that.  Everyone also bows down to offer respect).

200     Shri Chaitanya: Advaita Acarya, this is Svarupa.  He is in his own original spiritual form.  Even without My telling him, he always knows what is in My heart.

201     Advaita: It is so.  (He bows down.  Everyone bows down).

202     Gopinatha: Lord, simply give the order and everyone will leave to take rest.

203     Shri Chaitanya: Acarya, you have already said "Please go".  What can I say now?

204     (The devotees headed by Advaita understand the hint and they all exit).

205     Shri Chaitanya: Paramananda Puri Svami, dear Svarupa, today My life is a perfect success.

206     Svarupa: My Lord, although the Supreme Personality of Godhead is by Himself perfect and complete, still, it is the company of His devotees that makes Him perfect and complete.  He is like the moon, which is complete and full in itself, but still incomplete without its rays of moonlight.  It is now evening.  They should go now.  Out of respect for You, Paramananda Puri has not yet taken his meal.

207     Shri Chaitanya: So be it.

208     A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Yearning to see Lord Jagannatha's Rathayatra festival, the peaceful demigod Brahma has lost all composure, and Indra, who has a thousand eyes, has become blind.

209     Gopinatha: (listening) Now Sarvabhauma's efforts in the past two days for Rathayatra are being praised.  I will look.  (He goes a short distance).  Ah!  Wonderful!

210     The Rathayatra carts are like three Personified Vedas, three eyes of Lord Siva, or three celestial Ganges Rivers.

211     Again A Voice From Behind the Scenes: The day of Lord Jagannatha's Rathayatra festival has come.  Today Lord Chaitanya will dance in transcendental bliss.  Exhausted from dancing, today He will rest in this garden of jasmine flowers.  Ah!  Today my desire will bear fruit.

212     Gopinatha: Ah! I hear what sounds like the voice of King Prataparudra.  I must see.  (He looks) Ah! It is the king.  He is eagerly talking with Sarvabhauma.  What is the delay in Lord Jagannatha's ascending His chariot.  I will see.  (He looks).

          (A tumultuous sound comes from behind the scenes).

213     Gopinatha: (looks) The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Jagannatha, who appears as an effulgence in the heart of yogis rapt in meditation, who appears as the Surya Narayana Deity rising on the eastern horizon, and whose handsome form is nectar for everyone's eyes, has now ascended His chariot.

214     (He looks again) Surrounded by His close friends headed by Advaita Acarya, accompanied by Svarupa Damodara and many other devotees chanting the holy names, and delighting Vakresvara Pandita and many other devotees, Lord Chaitanya, the ocean of divine love, the golden complexioned king of sannyasis, dances without stopping.

215     (Tumultuous sounds from behind the scenes)

          Gopinatha: (jubilant) Pulled by men named Gaudas holding very stout ropes in their left hands, Lord Jagannatha's chariot sometimes stops and sometimes swiftly moves.  The pulling of the Gaudas is only the superficial reason for the stopping and starting of Lord Jagannatha's chariot.  In truth, Lord Jagannatha moves only by His own desire.

216     (Again a tumultuous sound of sankirtana from behind the scenes).

          Gopinatha: (looks and becomes filled with wonder) When Lord Jagannatha moves forward, then Lord Chaitanya also moves before Him.  When Lord Jagannatha stops and stands still, then Lord Chaitanya also stand still in His presence.  In this way the two Lords, the master of Nilacala and the greatest of the devotees, eagerly enjoy transcendental pastimes in each other's presence.

217     (He looks again) Glory to Lord Chaitanya! Now that Lord Jagannatha has stopped near the Balagandi temple, with His loving associates Lord Chaitanya enters a garden to find relief from the great fatigue of dancing.

218     King Prataparudra, not dressed in royal robes, understand's Sarvabhauma's signal to enter.  Let me quickly go there.  (He approaches).

219     (Stunned with bliss from the pastimes of dancing, His eyes closed shut, bringing great delight to the eyes of those who see Him, walking into the garden with His two legs, which are more graceful than two moving lotus stems, tears from His eyes washing His chest, and seeming like the personified bliss of love for Krishna, Lord Chaitanya enters.  His associates also enter and silently lie down, one by one, each under a different tree).

220     Bhagavan: "O lotus-eyed Lord, the swanlike devotees take shelter of Your lotus feet, which are the source of all transcendental bliss."

          (His eyes closed, He recites this half-quatrain again and again).

          Note: This is a verse from Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.29.3)

221     Gopinatha: (looks) Ah! How glorious is Lord Chaitanya's tasting of the mellows of transcendental love!  At the time of His dancing He directly saw Lord Jagannatha, and this sight of the Lord has brought Him a transcendental bliss far more wonderful than the brahmananda bliss of the impersonalists.  In the two lines He quoted the word "atha" (now) means "now that we have understood the conclusion of all revealed scriptures", "atah" (therefore) means "because this happiness is far more wonderful than the happiness experienced by the impersonalists, therefore..." and "hamsah" means "the great devotees who can distinguish what is valuable and what is not".  These devotees take shelter (srayeran) of Lord Krishna's lotus feet (padambujam).  Why?  Because the Lord's lotus feet are the source of all transcendental bliss (ananda-dugham).

222     (He looks in all directions).  Ah! Here are all the great devotees of the Lord.  Here, under each tree, are the fortunate, exalted devotees of the Lord like so many auspicious, splendid, unflickering festival lamps burning in a windless place, their glorious flames the sikhas on their heads, their full reservoirs of oil great love for the Lord, and their light a light that destroys the darkness of material ignorance.  I will wait for the king secretly to come here.  (He does that).

223     (Having abandoned his royal dress and clothed himself in simple, clean garments, the king enters).

          King: (eager) Stopping my strong doubt and fear, my eagerness has made me restless.  Alas! Why are my legs stunned?  Ah! By searching for the Lord I have been also examining my own life.  My life-breath is not my own property.

          (He walks slowly).

224     Gopinatha: (Observing the king) Ah! Wonderful! The king's heroic power seems to have fallen asleep.  Overwhelmed by bliss, fear, and doubt, the king is able to move his feet only with great difficulty.

225     In all directions everyone says to themselves: Ah! Why has King Prataparudra, wearing a brahmana's thread and dressed in the garments of an austere brahmana, suddenly come here?  Our master will certainly be upset.  Let us see what He does.

226     (Carefully looking this way and that, the king quickly approaches Lord Chaitanya's lotus feet and firmly embraces them with  his powerful arms).

227     Everyone: (looking) Ah! A great catastrophe! The king holds the Lord's lotus feet.  His eyes closed in transcendental bliss, the Lord does not recognise the king.  How has this happened?  We do not know.

228     (His eyes closed in transcendental bliss, Lord Chaitanya does not see the king.  The Lord firmly embraces him).

          Lord: "O king, what person who knows he will soon die will decline to worship Lord Mukunda's lotus feet, which are worshipped even by the demigods."

          (The Lord repeats this verse again and again).

229     Gopinatha: Wonderful! Can recklessness be a virtue?  The fault of recklessness sometimes brings the greatest perfection.  By recklessness the king has attained what cannot be had even by the greatest austerities.

230     (He looks again).  Although he has the power to crush the arms and ribs of the strongest fighters, now that he is embraced by Lord Chaitanya's arms, the king is like a plantain tree crushed by the embrace of a mad elephant's trunk.

231     (Tumultuous sounds from behind the scenes.  Hearing the tumultuous sounds of the Rathayatra chariot's beginning to move, and overwhelmed with bliss and with great desire to again see Lord Jagannatha, Lord Chaitanya leaves the king and exits.  Everyone follows Him).

232     Gopinatha: My king, Lord Chaitanya has gone to see Lord Jagannatha.  Now you should go there also.

          (Taking with him the king, who is now overcome with bliss, Gopinatha exits.  Everyone exits).


Shrila Kavi Karnapura's

Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya

The Rising of the Moon of Shri Chaitanya

Act Nine Mathuragamanam

Journey to Mathura


Act Nine

1        (Enter a Kinnara couple)

          The Man: Beloved, this year Lord Jagannatha's Gundica festival was more beautiful than any year before.

2        The Woman: Why is that?

3        Man: Because this year Shri Krishna Chaitanya, who is personified bliss, who is splendid as golden Mount Meru, who wears the garments of the greatest sannyasi, and who has descended to this world, to accept the role of a devotee, has come, the festival was very sweet.

4        Woman: Alas! Alas! Why did I not meet Him?  Why did I not see Him?

5        Man: Beloved, next year you will see Him.

6        Woman: If He is still in Jagannatha Puri next year.

7        Man: From now on He will stay here.

8        Woman: How do you know that?

9        Man: I know.

10      Woman: How do you know?

11      Man: By listening to the conversations of His followers.  They know all about His pastimes.

12      Woman: What did they say?

13      Man: Beloved, listen.  The Lord grants His mercy to this world in three ways.

14      Woman: What three ways?

15      Man: First, by directly appearing before His devotee.  Second by personally entering His devotee's heart.  Third by appearing in His devotee's thoughts.

16      Man: The Lord directly appears before the pilgrims who come to Purusottama-ksetra.  Each year many thousands of pilgrims, more than anyone has ever seen or heard of before, cross from many different countries to Purusottama-ksetra.  They are more eager to see Lord Krishna Chaitanya then they are to see Lord Jagannatha Himself.

18      Woman: Then? Then?

19      Man: Among all these people the pilgrims from Bengal are most dear to the Lord, and among these a few hundred Bengalis are especially dear to Him.  They are very happy to see the Lord, but when they cannot see Him they cannot see happiness anywhere.

20      Narahari, Raghunandana, and the other residents of Khanda-grama are very fortunate.  Although at first they were not able to see the Lord, eventually they were able to come to Purusottama-ksetra every autumn.

21      The residents of Kulina-grama, the family of Gunaraja Khan, and the associates of Ramananda Vasu, are all very dear friends of the Lord.  They, the philosopher Bhagavan Acarya, and the other wise devotees filled with the nectar of pure love, come to Purusottama-ksetra every autumn.

22      The philosopher Bhagavan Acarya is so eager to see the Lord that he vowed to stay his whole life in Purusottama-ksetra.  For those unable to come to see Him, the Lord gives His mercy by personally entering their hearts.  In this way the Lord has entered the hearts of Advaita Acarya, Nakula Brahmacari and others also.

23      Woman: Tell me something about it.

24      Man: The story of the Lord entering Advaita Acarya's heart is very famous.  It has been told many times.  Listen, I will tell you how the Lord entered Nakula Brahmacari's heart.

25      Woman: Tell.  I am listening.

26      Man: In the village of Ambu-grama lives a great devotee and lifelong brahmacari named Nakula.  One day he became like a man possessed.  Tears of joy flowed from his eyes, and the hairs of his body stood erect.  When they saw him, all the people became convinced that Shri Chaitanya had entered his heart.  He passed many days and nights in this way.

27      Woman: Then? Then?

28      Man: Filling the skies with a golden splendour, and so blissful he was not aware of external events, He was worshipped by countless affectionate people, both young and old.

29      Woman: Then? Then?

30      Man: At that time, by the arrangement of providence, Sivananda Sena, a personal associate of Lord Chaitanya, came to that place.  Hearing about Nakula Brahmacari, Sivananda felt doubt in his heart.  He desired to see Nakula Brahmacari with his own eyes.  He thought "Why should I be eager to see Nakula Brahmacari, when I can directly see Lord Chaitanya Himself?  Will I become like these people, overcome with happiness to see Nakula Brahmacari?  I think not."

          Again in his heart he thought: "If I stay far from the crowds around him, and he personally calls me to him and tells me my worshipable mantra, then I will know it is true that Lord Chaitanya has personally entered within him."  Thinking this, he went there and stayed far away from the crowds.  At the very moment Sivananda arrived at the outskirts of that place, Nakula Brahmacari suddenly became silent.  He said: "Who, who has come here?  At this moment Sivananda is in the outskirts of this place.  He should be called here."  On this order many men went searching for Sivananda and calling for him by name.  They found him and brought him to Nakula brahmacari.  Nakula then said to him: "O Sivananda, please listen with all your heart.  Your worshipable mantra is the four-syllable Gaura-Gopala mantra."  When Sivananda heard this he believed that it was true that Lord Chaitanya had entered Nakula Brahmacari's heart.

31      Woman: O  noble husband, what is the third way the Lord appears before his devotees?

32      Man: The third way is when the Lord appears in the meditation of his devotees.  Please listen.  Sivananda's nephew Shrikanta once went to Purusottama-ksetra, where he saw the feet of Lord Chaitanya.  At that time, in the company of Paramananda Puri, Svarupa Damodara and the other devotees, Lord Chaitanya, the only friend of the entire world, cheerfully said to Shrikanta: "Please tell Advaita Acarya and the other great devotees they should not come to see Me this year.  I will go to see them.  Tell your uncle Sivananda that I will come to see him in the month of December.  Jagadananda is there and he will give Me offerings of food."  When Shrikanta repeated the Lord's orders to them, Advaita Acarya and all the other devotees immediately stopped all arrangements to travel to see the Lord.  When he heard the Lord wished to come, Sivananda gathered saka, moca, and other ingredients for cooking the Lord's favourite foods, and patiently waited for the Lord's arrival.

33      Woman: Then? Then?

34      Man: When the appointed time came, by the arrangement of providence the Lord was staying on the bank of the Godavari River with Ramananda Raya, and the Lord had no wish to leave.

35      Woman: Then? Then?

36      Man: There is a great yogi named Nrsimhananda Brahmacari, who is like Lord Nrsimhadeva Himself,  He had been named Pradyumna Brahmacari, but because of his perfect worship of Lord Nrsimha, he was given the name "Nrsimhananda" by Lord Chaitanya Himself.  At that time Sivananda went to Nrsimhananda Brahmacari and said: "O Lord, although Lord Chaitanya promised "I will come to visit", He has not come.  When I see the vegetables I have e gathered for Him, my heart becomes filled with grief."

37      Woman: Then? Then?

38      Man: Then Nrsimhananda said: "Please wait patiently.  In two days I will being Him here."  Aware of Nrsimhananda's spiritual potency, Sivananda believed him.  From that time Nrsimhananda, who was very pleasing to Lord Nrsimhadeva, became absorbed in meditation on Lord Chaitanya.  After two days he called for Sivananda and said to him: "I have now brought Lord Chaitanya to Raghava Pandita's home.  Tomorrow morning He will come here.  I will personally cook for Him.  Please give me all kinds of cooking ingredients.  Hearing this, Sivananda gave him all kinds of cooking ingredients.  The next day Nrsimhananda arose at dawn, bathed, and being very pure and clean, cooked Lord Chaitanya's favourite foods.  When the cooking was completed, he divided it in three parts for His Deities of Lord Chaitanya, Lord Jagannatha and Lord Nrsimha.  After he had  offered the food to the three Deities, he left the Deity room.  He then closed his eyes in meditation and saw Lord Chaitanya eat all three offerings.  At that moment Nrsimhananda became full of bliss and tears flowed from his eyes.

          Filled with the anger of love, he then loudly rebuked the Lord, saying, "Well done! Oh well done! You are one with Jagannatha, so You may eat His offering, but why do You eat the food I offered to Lord Nrsimha?  Now Lord Nrsimha must fast!"  Then he began to cry loudly.  Sivananda approached him and said, "My lord, why are you crying?"

39      Woman: Then? Then?

40      Man: Nrsimhananda then replied: "Your Chaitanya Gosvami ate all three offerings and left Lord Nrsimhadeva to fast."

41      Woman: Then? Then?

42      Man: Then Sivananda said to him, "Please cook again for Lord Nrsimha."  Nrsimhananda did that, and became very happy and cheerful again.  At that time Sivananda in his heart began to doubt, "Is this appearance of Lord Chaitanya simply a story made up by Nrsimhananda, or is it the truth?"

          In another year Sivananda went to Purusottama-ksetra and again met Lord Chaitanya.  When Nrsimhananda was present, Lord Chaitanya praised him and specifically mentioned his excellent cooking.  Before the doubting devotees Lord Chaitanya praised the offering Nrsimhananda gave Him during December of the previous year.

          Lord Chaitanya insisted that He had gone to Nrsimhananda's home to see how expert he was in the art of cooking.  When everyone heard this, they doubted that Lord Chaitanya had actually gone to Nrsimhananda's home.  At that moment Sivananda became free from all doubts.  He believed the Lord.  In this way I have described the three ways the Lord shows His mercy.

43      Woman: Wonderful! Wonderful! Now tell me why Ramananda forbade Lord Chaitanya to go to Bengal.

44      Man: Beloved, because he is full of love for the Lord, Ramananda cannot tolerate any separation from Him.  Even though for a long time the Lord wished to go to Vrndavana, he delayed His departure for two years on Ramananda's account.

45      Woman: Will the Lord stay here or go to Mathura?

46      Man: Beloved, repeatedly requested by the Lord, Ramananda finally gave his permission.  The Lord is now travelling on the path to Bengal.

47      Woman: O noble husband, will the Lord again come here?

48      Man: Yes.

49      Woman: Because He is most fond of Mathura, I doubt He will return here.

50      Man: That may be so, but still, to lighten the burden of Lord Jagannatha, who descended to this world to deliver the fallen souls, the Supreme Person Shri Chaitanya will again return to Purusottama-ksetra.

51      Woman: Yes.  He will come here again.

52      A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Bhattacarya, why did Ramananda allow Him to do this?

53      Man: Beloved, listen to this.  It is as I said.  King Prataparudra, distressed by separation from the Lord, is talking with Sarvabhauma.  Let us go sing and offer prayers to Lord Jagannatha.

          (They both exit).

54      (The king enters and sits on a throne.  Sarvabhauma also enters).

          King: Bhattacarya, untying the knot in the rope of His mercy to Ramananda, the Lord has escaped.

55      Sarvabhauma: Who can force the Supreme Personality of Godhead to do anything?  Still, He delayed his departure for two years.

56      King: Bhattacarya, Ramananda did me a great favour.  He led the merciful Supreme Lord to the pathway of my eyes.  He made the very-difficult-to-attain touch to the Lord's lotus feet very easy for me to attain.  He mercifully gave the sweet nectar of the Lord's words to my ears to drink.  Still, now that the Lord has gone, my heart has become a barren desert.

57      Sarvabhauma: O king, Ramananda is a great devotee of the Lord.  He is described in the Bhagavatam verse that says: "He who with the rope of love ties his heart to the lotus feet of the Lord, is the best of devotees."

          A devotee like him brings the Supreme Personality of Godhead under his control.  It is because of Ramananda's mercy that Lord Chaitanya has been merciful to you.

58      King: How far did Ramananda travel looking for Him?

59      Sarvabhauma: I heard he travelled as far as Bhadraka.

60      King: How many went with the Lord.

61      Sarvabhauma: Paramananda Puri, Damodara, Jagadananda, Gopinatha, and Govinda.  Those five.

62      King: Even though the almighty Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Jagannatha, the master of Nilacala, remains sitting on His throne, if Lord Chaitanya has again gone north, then all the three worlds are now a barren desert.

63      Sarvabhauma: King, real, unlimited love is like this.

64      King: Persons like myself are not allowed to follow the Lord?

65      Sarvabhauma: O king, these are the words of love.  Where is there anyone like you?  Here comes someone carrying a message for you.  He will answer all your questions.  Your men have already entered every home.  They fill each house with sweet words.  Now their feet have become tired.  They tremble with fatigue.  Lord Chaitanya knows what Ramananda had done.

66      (A doorkeeper enters).

          Doorkeeper: My Lord, Ramananda Raya stands at the door.

67      King: Bring him at once.

68      Doorkeeper: As you command.  (He exits and returns with Ramananda.  Ramananda approaches and offers respectful obeisances.)

69      King: (respectfully offering Ramananda a seat) Tell me, how far did you go searching for the Lord.

70      Ramananda: Even though at every step I was begged "Let us stop going from here to there", I went as far as Bhadraka.  O king, it was very hard to leave the search. 

Alas! Alas! I am afraid Lord Chaitanya, the ocean of mercy, the deliverer of the fallen, has left.  I don't know why I have not died yet.  It is only because my body is hard and strong as a thunderbolt I can return.  (He sheds tears).

71      Sarvabhauma: Ramananda, you are intelligent.  Why do you lament?  The Supreme Lord always performs pastimes like this.  He left the people of Vraja and went to Mathura, and He left Mathura and went to Dvaraka, and then He left Dvaraka and went here and there.

          How can the devotees bear separation from the Lord?  Even though separation from Him is intolerable, still the Lord gives the devotees strength somehow to tolerate it.  What is the use of this lament?  You should be comforting the king.  You should not make him unhappy with this lament.

72      King: Speak.

73      Ramananda: My most intelligent men have travelled all over your kingdom searching for the Lord.  Some have gone as far as the Bengali border.  Some are returning now from far away, and some are still searching in distant places.

74      (Doorkeeper enters).

          Doorkeeper: My Lord, the men Ramananda Raya sent to search for the Lord have now returned.

75      King: Have them come in at once.

76      (The Doorkeeper does that.  The men enter).

          Men: Glory! Glory to the king!

77      Ramananda: Tell us: "How far did the Lord go?

78      A Man: As far as Kuliya-grama.

79      (The king glances at Sarvabhauma)

          Sarvabhauma: My lord, Kuliya is the name of a town on the farther shore of the Ganges, past Navadvipa.

80      King: Tell the whole story from the beginning.

81      Man: My lord, by your power all the roads in your kingdom are  now closed.  No one is travelling on them.  Three roads lead to the Bengali border.  Two are closed and one is flooded with water.  This last road is the crest jewel of all bad roads.  It tortures anyone who tries to travel on it.  It is very difficult for anyone now to leave the country.  Everyone is afraid to travel on this road.  No one has spoken any news of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  The border guards have not seen anyone.  No one has approached the border.

82      King: Then? Then?

83      Man: Then I approached one of the guards and said, "If you allow me, I will leave your kingdom to search for Shri Krishna Chaitanya."

84      King: Then? Then?

85      Man: Then the guard said: "A group of three or four men recently crossed the border.  One of them bowed down before the feet of the leader and said, "O Lord, with this person's help we can travel very easily.  Please glance mercifully on him."  When the leader glanced, this yavana became like a man possessed.  His hairs stood up, his voice became choked, and he shed tears."  At that moment Gopinatha Acarya said, "Ah! How will Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu travel here?

86      King: Then? Then?

87      Man: Then the yavana asked, "How far would you like to go?"  Gopinatha Acarya replied, "We will go as far as Panihati".

88      King: Then? Then?

89      Man: Then, the hairs of His body standing erect, and tears flowing from His eyes, this person said in a voice choked with emotion, "I am very fortunate.  Now I will be able to serve the Supreme Lord."  At that moment a boat equipped with a cabin and carrying some honest men as passengers, arrived at that place on the shore.

          The passengers disembarked, the pilot washed the boat, and when the boat was cleansed, he said to the passengers, "Now you may come aboard again."  Then the Lord and the other passengers entered the boat. 

          Concerned about the presence of pirates on the river, the Lord personally stayed at the boat's prow chanting various mantras for protection.  When they reached the village of Picchanada, the Lord called out "Hari bol!" and distributed Lord Jagannatha's manohara-laddu prasadam to everyone.  In this way the Lord manifested the symptoms of a pure devotee.

90      (The king is struck with wonder).

          Sarvabhauma: These are the pastimes of the Lord.  The independent Lord may shower His mercy on a person who seems to be unqualified, and again He may completely ignore a person who seems very qualified.  Lord Ramacandra befriended the candala Guhaka, and Lord Krishna remained silent and indifferent to the Lord Brahma who was bowing before Him and speaking many prayers.

91      Man: By the Lord's order everyone on the boat chanted the names of Lord Krishna.  Within one day the boat carried them to Panihati, where they disembarked.

92      King: Who is in Panihati?

93      Sarvabhauma: Raghava Pandita.

94      Man: Then a wonderful thing happened.

95      King: What was that?

97      Man: My lord, when Shri Chaitanya alighted on the shore of the Ganges, He was immediately surrounded by a great crowd.  How will I describe it?  Will I say there were as many people as grains of dust on the earth?  Will I say the people were like the host of stars fallen from the sky to the ground?  Then, with great difficulty, the Lord may His way from the shore of the Ganges to the home of Raghava Pandita.

98      King: Then? Then?

99      Man: The Lord spent the night there and then on the following day continued His boat journey.

          On the way He was followed by a great crowd of people.  Their hands moving like waves, the people seemed like a very long, pure and splendid, Ganges river that had just descended from the feet of Lord Vishnu.

100     Then the Lord arrived at Shrivasa Pandita's house in Kumarahatta.  As the Lord walked from house to house on the Ganges' shore, the people, eager to gather the dust of His feet with their hands, made great holes in the path.

          When the Lord disembarked, Jagadananda, unseen by Him, went to Sivananda's house.  The Lord then entered Shrivasa's house, and, out of great love for His devotee, stayed there a very long time.

101     The the Lord began to travel again.  At night He slept on the ground under a tree, and during the day He travelled on the roads.  By this way He gradually reached Sivananda's house.

102     Jagadananda had decorated the sides of the path to Sivananda's house with banana tree, full water pots, flower buds, and lamps.  When Lord Chaitanya saw all this, He smiled, thinking, "Jagadananda has done this".  Seeing Vasudeva's house on the left, the Lord became doubtful of what to do, and He asked, "Should I continue on?"

          Vasudeva then replied, "Lord, Sivananda's nicely decorated house is ahead."  When the Lord entered the house, Jagadananda washed His feet, and sprinkled the water on his family and friends.  Then, after staying for a moment at Vasudeva's house, the Lord again entered a boat and continued His journey.  In order to obtain the water touched by the Lord's feet, the people then entered the water up to their necks.

          Seeing them, the Lord became merciful.  In this way they all obtained the water that touched the Lord's feet.  As He travelled everyone followed Him on the shore and no one turned back.

103     King: Then? Then?

104     Man: Then the Lord went to Advaita's house, where Haridasa offered obeisances to His feet.  Then the Lord went to Kuliya-grama on the shore opposite from Navadvipa.  In Kuliya-grama, the Lord stayed at the house of Madhava dasa.  The Lord was very kind to the people of Navadvipa.  He stayed there for seven days.  Then He left Navadvipa and went to the other side of the Ganges.

105     Each day many boats carried the people of Navadvipa across the Ganges to where Lord Chaitanya was.

106     Every night Madhava dasa built around his house a strong bamboo fence and every morning the crowds of people tore the fence apart.  The crowds of people eager to see the Lord were so great that He was not even able to bathe in the Ganges.

107     After seven days the Lord continued His journey on the Ganges shore.  Whereever the Lord went the crowds of people were so great  that the earth planet became bent.  This greatly surprised the serpent king Ananta.

108     Then, followed by a large crowd, the Lord entered the capitol of the king of Bengal on the farther shore of the Ganges.  When the king of Bengal saw this he became struck with wonder.  He asked, "What is this?"  His minister Kesava Vasu replied, "O king, this is an exalted personality named Shri Krishna Chaitanya.  He is now travelling from Purusottama-ksetra to Mathura.  The people following Him are very eager to see Him."  Then the king said, "He must be the Supreme Personality of Godhead to have so many people following Him."

          I heard that after travelling a little farther, the Lord turned back and did not continue His journey by that path, but, after returning to Purusottama-ksetra, went to Mathura by the forest path.  I don't know whether that story is true or not.

109     A Voice From Behind the Scenes: It's true, Oh, it's true.  Lord Chaitanya returned alone and gazed at Lord Jagannatha, the tilaka decoration of Nilacala.  Fearing great crowds, Lord Chaitanya then went to Mathura by the forest path.

110     King: (struck with wonder) I hear the sound of Kasi Misra's voice.  Call for him.

111     (Kasi Misra hastily enters).

          Kasi Misra: My lord, even without being called I have come.

112     King: Tell me.  Is it the truth?

113     Kasi Misra: It is true.  Africa of so many followers, He secretly left with another person.

114     King: Sarvabhauma, because we all taste the same fruit of the pain of separation, we all now walk on the same path.  How could He have left us and gone all alone?

115     Kasi Misra: How many brahmanas and sannyasis have left this place?  This one sannyasis, however is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

116     King: Well said, O Misra.  Well said.  Did He say anything before He left?

117     Kasi Misra: He said. "I will return soon."

118     King: Will the day of His return ever come?  Bhattacarya, how many messengers do we have?  They should gather news of the Lord.

119     Sarvabhauma: That is a good plan.

120     King: Kasi Misra, tell Candanesvara Mahapatra by my order he should arrange for that.

121     Kasi Misra: I have already spoke with the Mahapatra.  He will do it.  He has already sent out some men.

122     (Enter doorkeeper)

          Doorkeeper: Lord, some men bringing news of the Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are waiting at the door.

123     King: Have them enter.

124     (The doorkeeper does that.  The men bringing news enter).

          Men bringing news: Glory, glory to the king!

125     King: Tell what you know.

126     Men bringing news: We know everything.  The Lord left Mathura City and saw the beauty of Vrndavana.  He enjoyed pastimes in every forest grove and every place by the Yamuna's shore.  He went to Govardhana Hill, and for some days He was seen wandering in forest after forest.

127     King: Ah! What, what did the Lord do in Vrndavana?  Do you know?

          Men bringing news: Yes.  We heard from the mouths of fortunate people who me Him there.

          King: Tell.

128     Men bringing news: Since the Lord first appeared on this earth, He has been filled with transcendental bliss.  But now that He has entered the forest of Vrndavana, the waves of that ecstatic bliss have increased many times.  Neither my mind or words have the power to enter into an understanding of that bliss.

129     When the Supreme Lord saw the beauty of the Yamuna River or of Vrndavana forest, He became filled with ecstatic love.  He cried without restraint and He eagerly embraced each tree and vine with His arms.

130     When He saw the surabhi cows in Vrndavana He became wild with happiness.  The tears flowed from His eyes as a celestial Ganges River and He fell to the ground as the top of golden Mount Meru blown to the earth by a great wind.

131     King: Then?

132     Men bringing news: They told us that when He saw a peacock feather He fell down, rolled about on the ground, trembled, cried out, ran to and fro, wept, and fainted unconscious.

133     Once when the Lord saw calves running in Vrndavana forest with tails raised He fainted in ecstasy and fell into brambles by the roadside.

134     King: Then?

135     One time in the forest He fainted and fell to the ground in ecstasy.  Then the deer licked the foam from His mouth and the birds drank the tears that had fallen from His eyes.

136     Once, at Govardhana Hill He fell from a great height.  although His body became broken, because He was drowning in the ocean of ecstatic love.  He was not aware that He was hurt.

137     When He saw the forest groves of Vrndavana He became overwhelmed with love and He cried without restraint.  Seeing this, the trees and vines also cried, and the deer fainted in ecstasy.

138     When the Lord, overcome with grief, roared like a thunderbolt, the peacocks stopped dancing, and they also cried for a long time without restraint.

139     In this way the Lord was always overwhelmed with ecstatic love.  Balabhadra Bhattacarya and the other devotees began to worry about the Lord's welfare.  They thought: "This is not good."  Then they forced the Lord to leave Vrndavana.

140     The Lord then left Vrndavana and went to Prayaga, where He met Shrila Rupa Gosvami.  From the very beginning Shrila Rupa Gosvami was deeply attracted by the transcendental qualities of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  Thus he was permanently relieved from family life.  Shrila Rupa Gosvami and his younger brother, Vallabha were blessed by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  Although the Lord was transcendentally situated in His transcendental eternal form, at Prayaga, He told Rupa Gosvami about transcendental ecstatic love of Krishna.  The Lord then embraced him very fondly and bestowed all His mercy upon him.*

141     King: Sarvabhauma, Vrndavana is the place most dear to the Lord.  Why did He stay there such a short time.

142     Sarvabhauma: He was drawn back because He could not bear the separation of Lord Jagannatha.

143     Indeed, Shrila Rupa Gosvami, whose dear friend was Svarupa Damodara, was the exact replica of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and he was very, very dear to the Lord.  Being the embodiment of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's ecstatic love, Rupa Gosvami was naturally very beautiful.  He very carefully followed the principles enunciated by the Lord, and he was a competent person to explain properly the pastimes of Lord Krishna.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu expanded His mercy to Shrila Rupa Gosvami just so he could render service by writing transcendental literatures.*

144     King: Then? Then?

145     Men bringing news: At Varanasi the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the leader of the sannyasis, stayed at the home of a brahmana named Candrasekhara because the brahmana had performed many pious deeds in his previous births.

146     King: Then? then?

147     Men bringing news: Full of love, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Supersoul in everyone's heart, commanded everyone: "Go to Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and gaze at His transcendental form."  What other opportunity would the people of this world have to see the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself?

148     Brahmacaris, householders, sannyasis, vanaprasthas, performers of Vedic sacrifices and followers of austere vows, all went to see the Lord.  Only some envious sannyasis and others did not go to see Him.

149     King: Sarvabhauma, why were they envious?

150     Sarvabhauma: O king, as long as one has not conquered the mind, he will not become free from envy to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

151     King: Then? Then?

152     Men bringing news: Shrila Sanatana Gosvami, the elder brother of Shrila Rupa Gosvami, was a most important minister in the government of Hussain Shah, the ruler of Bengal, and he was considered a most brilliant gem in that assembly.  He possessed all the opulences of a royal position, but he gave up everything just to accept the youthful goddess of renunciation.  Although he externally appeared to be a mendicant who had renounced everything, he was filled with the pleasure of devotional service within his heart.  Thus he can be compared to a deep lake covered with moss.  He was the object of pleasure for all the devotees who knew the science of  devotional service.*

153     King: Then? Then?

152     Men bringing news: As soon as Sanatana Gosvami arrived in front of Lord Chaitanya, the Lord, seeing him, became merciful to him.  The Lord, who has the complexion of a golden campaka flower, opened His arms and embrace