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Shri Brahma-vaivarta Purana
Canto Four Shri Krishna-janma-khanda
The Birth of Lord Krishna
Table of Contents
The Cart is Broken and the Kavaca is Placed
Shri Krishna’s Anna-prasana and Nama-karana
The Breaking of the Arjuna Tree
The Cart is Broken and the Kavaca is Placed
1 Shri Narayana Rsi said: One day in her home Nanda’s wife, Yasoda, cradled the hungry infant Krishna to her chest and happily offered Him her breast.
2 At that moment many gopis, young and old, and accompanied by their children, came to Nanda’s palace.
3 At once placing the still unsatisfied infant in His cradle, saintly Yasoda bowed before them and then happily stood up to perform the autthana ceremony.
4 Then Yasoda happily gave them gifts of oil, sindura, betel nuts, candies, garments and ornaments.
5 Then hungry infant Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the master of material nature, with the aid of His yogamaya potency extended His foot.
6 O sage, at that moment His foot hit a solidly built cart. From the kick of the Supreme Lord, who maintains all the universes, the cart at once broke into pieces.
7 When the cart broke the pots of yoghurt, milk, butter, ghee, and honey there also fell and broke.
8 Seeing this surprise, the gopis and gopas ran there, pushed by fear. Among the broken pieces of wood they saw the infant Krishna.
9 The pots of milk and honey were all fallen and broken. Pushing them aside, Yasoda picked up the infant Krishna.
10 Infant Krishna, all His limbs carefully protected by Yogamaya, cried with hunger. Yasoda gave Him her breast and wept with grief.
11 The gopas asked the boys, “How did the cart break? I don’t see anything that could so suddenly have caused it. How did this amazing thing happen?”
12 The boys said, “O gopas, please hear our words. The cart broke because Shri Krishna kicked it.”
13 Hearing these words, the gopas and gopis laughed. They didn’t believe it. They said, “That’s a lie.”
14 A group of exalted brahmanas at once blessed the infant Krishna. One brahmana placed his hand on Krishna’s limbs and recited Kavaca (shield) prayers for protection.
15-16 O king of brahmanas, I will recite for you that kavaca, which protects from all dangers, which Goddess Yoganidra gave to the demigod Brahma as he rested in the lotus navel of Lord Vishnu, the master of the universes who was sleeping on the ocean, and which Brahma recited out of fear of the demons Madhu and Kaitabha.
17 Shri Yoganidra said: Throw your fears far away. As long as Lord Vishnu is here and as long as I am here, why should you be afraid? Be happy, O master of the universe.
18 May the Lord who removes all danger protect your face. May the Lord who killed the Madhu demon protect your head. May the all-attractive Lord protect your eyes. May the Lord of Radha protect your nose.
19 May the husband of the goddess of fortune protect your ears, neck and the top of your head. May the Lord who pleases the cows, land and senses protect your cheeks. May the Lord who has beautiful hair protect your hair.
20 May the Lord who is the master of the senses protect your lips. May the Lord who is the elder brother of Gada protect your teeth. May the Lord who is the king of the rasa dance protect your tongue. May the Lord who appeared as Vamana protect your palate.
21 May the Lord who gives liberation protect your chest. May the Lord who kills the demons protect your abdomen. May the Lord who rescues His devotees protect your navel. May the Lord who is present everywhere protect your jaw.
22 May the Supreme Person protect your hips, buttocks and private parts. May the husband of Sita protect your knees. May the all-powerful Lord always protect you.
23 May the Lord who appeared as Nrsimha protect you from all dangers. May the Lord who appeared as Varaha protect your feet. May the Lord who is all-powerful protect you always.
24 May the Lord who is the resting place of all living entities protect you from above. May the Lord who is the goddess of fortune’s husband protect you from below. May the Lord who protects the cows protect you from the front. May the Lord who killed Ravana protect you from fire.
25 May the Lord who wears a garland of forest flowers protect you from the south. May the Lord who appears as the son of Vaikuntha-devi protect you from the southwest. May the Lord who appears as the son of Vasudeva and who sits on throne of lotuses protect you from the west.
26 May the Lord who never takes birth and who is famous and glorious always protect you from the northwest. May the Lord who never ends, although He puts an end to everything material, always protect you from the north.
27 May the Lord who controls everything protect you from the northeast. May the Lord who defeats His enemies protect you from all directions. May the Lord who appeared in the Raghu dynasty protect you on land, in water, in our space, and in your dreams.
28 O Brahma, thus I have spoken this very wonderful kavaca, which Lord Krishna Himself kindly gave to me when I remembered Him a long time ago.
29 In a terrible battle I saw in the sky the demon Sumbha was once defeated by this kavaca.
30 By the power of this kavaca the demon, who had fought a terrible battle in the sky for a hundred years, at once fell to the earth and died.
31 When Sumbha was killed, merciful Lord Krishna appeared in the sky, gave me a garland and this kavaca, and then returned to Goloka.
32 O wise Brahma, I have told you a story of the Lord’s mercy in another kalpa. By the power of this kavaca there need never be fear in your heart.
33 I have seen millions and millions perish kalpa after kalpa. Only Lord Krishna and I remain here eternally.
34 After speaking these words and giving Brahma the kavaca, Goddess Yoganidra disappeared. Then Brahma, staying on the lotus flower of the Lord’s navel, became fearless.
35 An intelligent person will always wear this kavaca in an amulet around his neck or on his left arm.
36 He need never fear poison, fire, snakes or enemies. The Supreme Personality of Godhead protects him in the water, on land, in the sky, and while he sleeps.
37 By remembering this kavaca one is safe in battle, in a thunderstorm, in a calamity, or when one’s life is in danger.
38 Wearing this kavaca around his neck, Lord Siva easily killed ferocious Tripura, the king of the demons.
39 Wearing this kavaca around her neck Goddess Kali devoured the demon Raktabija. Wearing this kavaca around His neck, Lord Sesa carries the universe as if it were a sesame seed.
40 By the mercy of this kavaca Sanat-kumara became the witness of pious deeds. By the mercy of this kavaca we are all victorious.
41 Then the brahmana placed the kavaca around Lord Krishna’s neck. In this way Lord Krishna Himself wore that kavaca around His neck.
42 O sage, in this way I have described to you the unparalleled power of the kavaca of infallible and limitless Lord Krishna.
Shri Krishna’s Anna-prasana and Nama-karana
1 Shri Narayana Rsi said: O great sage, please hear Lord Krishna’s peerless glories, which remove obstacles and sins and bring great piety.
2 One day Nanda’s wife, Shri Yasoda, sat on a golden throne and gave her breast to the hungry infant Krishna.
3 At that moment a great brahmana, splendid with brahmanical power and accompanied by a great host of disciples, came to her home.
4 Again and again he chanted the names of the Supreme Personality of Godhead on japa beads of pure crystal. He wore white garments and carried a staff and parasol. His teeth were splendid. He was like the sacred writings of astrology personified. He had travelled to the farther shore of the Vedas and Vedangas.
5 He had lotus eyes, an autumn moon face, matted hair, and a complexion fair like molten gold.
6 He was a disciple of Lord Siva. He was a leader of the yogis. In the posture of explaining scripture, he was happily teaching his disciples.
7 How many different ways could he easily and playfully explain the passages of the Vedas? He was like the glories of the four Vedas manifested in a single person.
8 Goddess Sarasvati stayed in his voice. He was expert at presenting the conclusions of the Vedas. Day and night he was rapt in meditation on Lord Krishna’s lotus feet.
9 He was liberated even while living in this world. He was the leader of the perfect souls. He could see and know everything. The moment she saw him, Yasoda stood up and bowed down to offer respects.
10 She offered him padya, ga, madhuparka and a golden throne. Happily smiling, she made her infant son, who is in reality the king of all the sages, bow down to him.
11 In his mind the sage bowed a hundred times before the infant Krishna. Reciting Vedic mantras, the sage happily blessed Him.
12 Yasoda bowed down before the disciples. They blessed her. To each one she offered padya and other gifts.
13 The sage and his disciples washed their feet and sat on their comfortable seats. Saintly Yasoda respectfully folded her hands. She was eager to ask about the future of her child.
14-16 Placing her child in her lap and respectfully bowing her head, Yasoda spoke: Although it is not proper for me to ask questions of an auspicious sage filled with spiritual bliss, still I wish to ask a question. I am a weak and foolish woman. Please forgive me. Great saints always forgive the mistakes of the foolish.
17 Who are you? Are you Angira, or Atri, or Marici, or Gotama, or Kratu, or Praceta, or Pulastya, or Pulaha,...
18 ...or Durvasa, or Kardama, or Vasista, or Garga, or Jaigisvaya, or devala, or powerful Lord Kapila?
19 Are you Sanat-kumara, or Sanaka, or Sananda, or Sanatana, or Bodhu, or Pancasikha, or Asuri or Saubhari?
20 Are you Visvamitra, or Valmiki, or Vamadeva, or Kasyapa, or Samvarta, or Utathya? Are you Kaca, or Brhaspati,...
21 ...or Bhrgu, or Sukra, or Cyavana, or Nara, or Narayana, or Sakti, or Parasara, or Vyasa, or Sukadeva, or Jaimini,...
22 ...or Markandeya, or Lomasa, or Kanva, or Katyayana, or Astika, or Jagatkaru, or Rsyasrnga, or Vibhandaka,...
23 ...or Paulastya, or Agastya, or Saradvan, or Srngi, or Samika, or Aristanemi or Mandavya or Paila,...
24 ...or Panini, or Kanada, or Sakalya or Sakatayana, or Astavakra, or Bhaguri, or Sumantu, or Vatsa,...
25 ...or Jabali, or Yajnavalkya, or Vaisampayana, or Yati, or Hamsi, or Pippalada, or Maitreya, or Karusa,...
26 or Upamanyu, or Goramukha, or Aruni or Aurdhva, or Kaksivan, or Bharadvaja, or Vedasira, or Sankukarna or Saunaka?
27 Of these glorious sages who are you? O Lord, please tell me. If I am not worthy to hear your reply, please tell me.
28 Even a servant may ask a question of the master, To whom may a servant ask a question, if not to his master?
29 Now I am fortunate. Now I have attained the goal of life. Now my life is a success. Today the touch of the dust of your lotus feet has destroyed all my sins for millions of births.
30 By the touch of the water that washed your feet the ground has become purified. By your visit my home has become a holy place.
31 O brahmana, you are one of the great saints described in the scriptures. Because of my past pious deeds I am now able to see you.
32 Your disciples, splendid as the summer midday sun, are the Vedas personified. With the dust of their feet they purify my family here in Gokula.
33 If they are pleased at heart they may bless my son. The blessings of a brahmana bring auspiciousness and happiness.
34 After speaking these words, saintly Yasoda respectfully stood before the sage, and then sent a messenger to bring Nanda.
35 Hearing Yasoda’s words, the great sage and his many disciples smiled, their smiles filling the ten directions with light.
36 Then the pure-hearted sage happily spoke to Yasoda words that were auspicious, truthful, proper and affectionate.
37 Shri Garga said: Your nectar words are proper for this time and place. One who takes birth in a family is like his family members.
38 All the gopas are lotus flowers and Giribhanu is the sun that shines on them. His saintly and lotuslike wife is named Padmavati.
39 You are her daughter Yasoda. You increase the glory of your family. You have attained Nanda, the best of the gopas, as your beloved.
40 O saintly one, I know the real identity of you, Nanda, and your boy. I will tell Nanda in a secluded place.
41 I am Garga, for a long time the priest of the Yadavas. Vasudeva sent me here to do something no one else can do.
42 Then Nanda, hearing the news, came and bowed down, falling like a stick to the ground. He bowed his head before the great sage and his disciples, and they all blessed him.
43 Then Garga, the best of the wise, rose from his seat and, taking Nanda and Yasoda with him, went to a beautiful and secluded place.
44 Garga, Nanda and Yasoda carrying her infant son, sat down comfortably in that secluded place. Then Garga told them his secret.
45 Shri Garga said: O Nanda, now I will tell you something very auspicious. Vasudeva sent me here to tell you this. Please listen.
46 Your elder brother exchanged your children in their maternity rooms. Afraid of Kamsa, Vasudeva took your daughter and gave you his son.
47 He sent me to perform in secret the boy’s ana-prasana (first grains) and namanukarana (name giving) ceremonies here in Vraja.
48 This boy is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Responding to the appeal of Brahma, the demigod of creation, and aided by His Yogamaya potency, He has come to this earth.
49 He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna, the master of Shri Radha and the king of Goloka. In the world of Vaikuntha He is Shri Narayana, the beloved of Laksmi.
50 In Svetadvipa He is Shri Vishnu, the maintainer. He is Nara-Narayana Rsi. Kapila is His partial expansion. He is never born.
51 He showed His form, resplendent with all powers, to Vasudeva, and then He became an infant.
52 Now He, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is not born of a mother’s womb, has appeared on the earth, left His maternity room and come to your home.
53 Employing His Yogamaya potency, Lord Krishna created His mother’s false pregnancy, filling her womb with air. At the appropriate time, presenting the illusion that He was born in the usual way, He revealed His transcendental form to Vasudeva.
54 Yuga after yuga He has different colours and names. O gopa, in the past He has been white, red, or yellow. Now He is black.
55 He is the Supreme Lord. In the Satya-yuga He was white and very splendid and powerful. In the Treta-yuga He was red. In the Dvapara-yuga He was yellow.
56 Now, in the Kali-yuga, He is black (krishna), handsome and very glorious. That is why He, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is called Krishna.
57 In the name Krishnah, the k stands for Lord Brahma, the r for Lord Sesa, the s for Lord Siva, the n for Yamaraja,...
58 ...the a for Lord Vishnu who resides in Svetadvipa and the h for Nara-Narayana Rsi.
59 He is the master of all power and glory. He is the form of all forms. He is the resting place of everything. He is the seed from which everything has come. That is why He is called Krishna.
60 Krs and n both mean liberation, and the letter a means the generous giver. Because He is the giver of liberation He is called Krishna.
61 Krs means with no material activities, n means the activities of devotional service, and the letter a means the generous giver. Because He is the giver of devotional service, which is not material, but is beyond the material world, He is called Krishna.
62 Krs means uprooting past karma, n means devotional service, and the letter a means the attainment. Because it is by His mercy one uproots his past karma and atttained devotional service, He is called Krishna.
62 O Nanda, if one remembers the name Krishna he gains the result of remembering ten million other names of the Lord.
63 By remembering, speaking, or hearing the name Krishna one destroys the sins of ten million births.
64 Of all the names of Lord Vishnu, Krishna is the best name. It is the most beautiful and the most auspicious. It gives the purest devotional service.
66 By speaking the letter k, the devotee attains freedom from repeated birth and death. By speaking the letter r he attains peerless devotional service. By speaking the letter s, he attains unwavering devotion to the Lord.
67 By speaking the letter na, he attains the Lord as His eternal companion. By speaking the letter h, he attains a dark form like the Lord’s. Of this there is no doubt.
68 O Nanda, by speaking the letter k, one makes Yama’s servants tremble. By speaking the letter r one makes calamities flee. By speaking the letter s, one makes sins flee.
69 By speaking the letter n, one makes diseases flee. By speaking the letter a, one makes death flee. Frightened of the holy name, they all flee.
70 O king of Vraja, when one remembers, speaks, or hears the name Krishna, Lord Krishna’s servants mount their chariots and fly to him from Goloka.
71 Even if they have the power to count the grains of dust on the earth, the great scientists and philosophers will never have the power to count all the glories of Lord Krishna’s name.
72 From Lord Siva’s mouth I heard the glories of Lord Krishna’s name. My guru knows only a little of Lord Krishna’s qualities, names and powers.
73 Brahma, Sesa, Yamaraja, the demigods, and the sages, manus, Vedas, saints and human beings cannot understand even one sixteenth of the glory of Lord Krishna’s name.
74 O Nanda, as far as I am able to understand, as far as I have understood, and as far as I have heard from my guru’s mouth, I have described the glories of your son.
75 Your son is all-attractive (krishna), dressed in yellow garments (pitambara), the killer of Kamsa (kamsa-dhvamsi), famous (vistara-srava), the son of Devaki (devaki-nandana), the husband of the goddess of fortune (shrisa), the son of Yasoda (yasoda-nandana), the Lord who takes away all troubles (hari).
76 He is eternal (sanatana), infallible (acyuta), all-pervading (visnu and sarva-gati), the master of all (sarvesa), the Lord who appears in many forms (sarva-rupa-dhrk) the resting place of everything (sarvadhara), and the cause of all causes (sarva-karana-karana).
77 He is Radha’s friend (radha-bandhu), the person who stays in Radha’s heart (radhikatma), Radha’s life (radhika-jivana), Radha’s companion (radhika-sahacari), and the person that floods the manasa lake of Radha’s thoughts (radha-manasa-puraka).
78 He is Radha’s wealth (radha-dhana), Radha’s limbs (radhikanga), He whose heart is attached to Radha (radhikasakta-manasa), Radha’s life (radha-prana), Radha’s master (radhikesa), and Radha’s lover (radhika-ramana).
79 He is the thief of Radha’s heart (radha-citta-caura), the person for whom Radha is more dear than life (radha-pranadhika), the supreme master (prabhu), the Supreme Personality of Godhead (paripurnatamam brahma), the pleasure of the cows, land and senses (govinda), the person whose flag is marked with the insignia of Garuda (garuda-dhvaja).
80 O Nanda, please listen to these names, which stop the repetition of birth and death. Keep these names always in your pure heart.
81 As you have heard the names of the younger boy, Krishna, now please hear some of the names of the older boy Balarama.
82 Because He was pulled (sankarsana) from the womb, He is called Sankarsana). Because the Vedas say He has no (an) end (anta), He is called Ananta.
83 Because He is very strong (bala), he is called Baladeva. Because He carries a plough-weapon (hala and musala), He is called Hali and Musali. Because He wears blue garments He is called Sitivasa.
84 Because He enjoys pastimes with Revati, He is called Revati-ramana. Because He stayed in Rohini’s womb, He is called Rauhineya.
85 You have heard me recite the names of the elder son. Now I will go home. O Nanda, please go to your home and be happy.
86 When they heard the brahmana’s words, Nanda and Yasoda were stunned, and the infant Krishna smiled.
87 Then Nanda bowed down and, his head humbly bent and his hands folded, humbly spoke.
88 Shri Nanda said: If you go, then what great soul will perform the auspicious ceremonies? Please stay for a moment and perform the nama-karana and anna-prasana.
89 You spoke a great flood of Krishna’s names and you also spoke the ten names, beginning with Radha-pranadhika, that mention a person named Radha. What do these names mean? Who is Radha?
90 When he heard Nanda’s words, the great sage smiled and said: I will tell you a great secret.
91 Shri Garga said: O Nanda, please listen and I will tell you a story I heard from Lord Siva’s mouth, an account of activities that happened very long ago in the realm of Goloka.
92 Shridama and Radha quarrelled. From that quarrel Shridama was cursed to become a demon and Radha was cursed to become a gopi in Gokula.
93 She became the daughter of Vrsabhanu and Kalavati. Originally manifested from half of Lord Krishna’s body, She is like Her master.
94 She is the first goddess, the root of all nature, She stays always in Goloka, but by Lord Krishna’s order She has come, without entering a mother’s womb, to this world.
95 Radha created Her mother’s false pregnancy, filling her womb with air. At the appropriate time, presenting the illusion that She was born in the usual way, She appeared as an infant girl.
96 In this way, by Lord Krishna’s order, Radha appeared on the earth and grew up, like a waxing moon, in the land of Vraja.
97 Her form is half of Lord Krishna’s splendour. She and Krishna are one form appearing as two. The Vedas never say They are different from each other.
98-99 He is Her husband. She is His wife. He is Her lover. She is His beloved. Their two forms are equal in splendour, beauty, virtue, power, intelligence, wisdom and opulence. Because She came to this earth first, She is a little older than He. He always thinks of Her and She always thinks of Him, Her beloved.
100 She is made of His life breath. He is the form of Her life breath. To please Her, He came to Gokula.
101-2 He went to Gokula to keep the promise He made to Radha in Goloka. He only pretended that fear of Kamsa was His motive in going to Gokula. He is the Supreme Lord, the controller of fear. How can He be afraid?
103 The Sama Veda explains how Lord Narayana explained to the demigod Brahma, who was sitting on the lotus of the Lord’s navel, the derivation of the word Radha.
104 On Brahmaloka Brahma repeated that explanation to Lord Siva, and on the top of Mount Kailasa Lord Siva repeated that explanation to me.
105 O Nanda, please hear this explanation, which the Vedas cannot attain and the suras, asuras and the kings of the munis yearn to hear, and which brings with it the highest liberation.
106 The letter r uproots the sins and the good and bad karma of ten million births. The letter a uproots death, disease, and finding a home in a mother’s womb.
107 By hearing, remembering, and speaking the letter dh, one puts an end to death. By hearing, remembering, and speaking the letter a, one puts an end to the bonds that tie him to the material realm.
108 The letter ra brings unwavering devotional service to Lord Krishna’s lotus feet, service that all the great saints yearn to attain, service that brings eternal transcendental bliss, service that brings all perfections, service that is all-powerful and glorious.
109 The letter dh brings association with the Lord, eternal spiritual existence like Him, opulence like His, a form like His, and transcendental knowledge like His.
110 The letter a brings power, glory, charitableness, yogic power, yogic consciousness, and eternity as they are present in Lord Krishna. It brings remembrance of Lord Krishna.
111 When one remembers the two syllables of Radha’s name, sins, lamentation, death, sufferings, and a network of illusions all tremble in fear. Of this there is no doubt.
112 Thus you have heard a prayer describing the glories of Shri Shri Radha-Krishna. I have glorified Them as far as my own knowledge goes. I do not have the power to describe all of Their glories.
113 O Nanda, in nearby Vrndavana forest Radha and Krishna will marry. The creator Brahma, happily kindling the sacred fire that will bear witness to Their vows, will be the priest that performs the ceremony of Their marriage.
114 Your son will deliver the son of Kuvera, steal and eat the gopis’ yoghurt and ghee, kill Dhenukasura, eat the tala fruits in the forest,...
115 ...playfully kill Baka, Kesi, and Pralamba, deliver the brahmanas’ wives and enjoy eating their offering of delicious food and drink,...
116 ...stop the indra-yajna, protect Gokula from Indra, steal the gopis’ garments, make their vow successful,..
117 ...return their garments, give them the blessing they desired, and steal their hearts with the music of His flute.
118 On a springtime full-moon night, in the circle of the rasa dance, He will enjoy a beautiful and blissful rasa-dance festival.
119 He will enjoy with them, fulfil their desires, and happily play with them in the water.
120 Then, because of Shridama’s curse, for a hundred years He will be separated from Radha, the gopis, and the gopas.
121 He will go to Mathura, and the gopis will lament. He will enlighten them with transcendental knowledge.
122 He will protect Akrura and his chariot from the gopis’ attack. He will mount the chariot and promise to return.
123 Accompanied by His father, brother, and the vraja-gopas, He will cross the Yamuna in Vraja. He will reveal His true identity, enlightening Akrura.
124 In the evening He will observe a jubilant festival on seeing the city of Mathura. He will give a florist, a tailor, and a hunchback girl liberation from the bonds of repeated birth and death.
125 He will break Lord Siva’s bow, enter the yajna arena, kill an elephant and many wrestlers, and enter the royal view-stand.
126 Then he will quickly kill Kamsa, release His own parents from their chains, give you transcendental knowledge and crown Ugrasena king.
127 Speaking transcendental knowledge, He will comfort Ugrasena’s daughters in law. He and His brother will observe the sacred-thread ceremony and learn transcendental knowledge from the mouth of a sage.
128 He will return His guru’s dead sons. He will return home and defeat the armies of a king and a wicked yavana.
129 He will build Dvaraka city, give liberation to Mucukunda, and happily return to Dvaraka.
130 He will enjoy pastimes with His many queens and He will make them happy by giving them many children and grandchildren.
131 He will free Himself from the false rumour that He had stolen a jewel. He will help the Pandavas, remove the earth’s burden, and enjoy many pastimes.
132 In His pastimes He will help Yamaraja’s son perform a rajasuya-yajna. He will take a parijata tree and then He will crush Indra’s pride.
133 He will grant the fulfilment of Satya’s vow. He will cut off Banasura’s many arms, make Lord Siva yawn and defeat Siva’s armies.
134 He will kidnap Bana’s daughter, release Aniruddha from captivity, burn Varanasi City, and rescue a brahmana from poverty.
135 He will return a brahmana’s sons, defeat many demons, and go on a pilgrimage where He will see you again.
136 He will return to Vraja and again enjoy pastimes with Shri Radha. He will send His Narayana expansion back to Dvaraka.
137 His mission on earth accomplished, Shri Krishna, the master of the universes, will return with Radha to the world of Goloka.
138 Then Lord Narayana will return with Laksmi to Vaikuntha, Nara-Narayana Rsis will return to the asrama of Dharma Muni, and Lord Vishnu will return to the Ksirodaka Ocean.
139 O Nanda, thus I have described the boy’s future, which is described in the Vedas. Now please hear why I have come here at this time.
140 Please perform the boy’s anna-prasana ceremony in the month of Magha (January-February) on Thursday, the fourteenth day of the bright fortnight, an auspicious day when the moon and stars are pure and the star Revati is conjoined with the moon,...
141 ...when the full moon is in Pisces, Libra is auspicious, and there is a beautiful subha-yoga.
142 On that rare and most auspicious day consult with learned panditas and happily perform the sacred ceremony.
143 After speaking these words, Garga, the king of sages, went outside. Happy Nanda and Yasoda made preparations for that sacred ceremony.
144 Then the adult gopas and gopis, and the boys and girls also, all came to Nanda’s home to see Garga Muni.
145 They gazed on Garga, the best of sages, whose brahmanical splendour shone like the summer midday sun, who was teaching his many disciples the secrets of yoga and happily answering their questions,...
146 ...who was sitting on a golden throne, smiling, holding the yoga-mudra posture, and gazing at the opulences of Nanda’s palaces,...
147 ...who with eyes of knowledge could see the past, present and future,...
148 ...who by the power of perfect mantras was gazing at the Supreme Lord sitting in his heart, who was also gazing at the same Supreme Lord, the smiling infant in Yasoda’s lap, right before his eyes,...
149 ...who, gazing at the transcendental form he saw before in the meditations given by Lord Siva, became filled with transcendental happiness, whose desires were in this way all fulfilled,...
150 ...whose hairs stood erect with joy, whose eyes were filled with tears, who was plunged in an ocean of love, and who in his heart meditated on worshipping the Lord and bowing down before Him again and again.
151 The people all bowed their heads before the sage and he, sitting on a golden throne, blessed them all. Then he stood up and they all returned to their own homes.
152 Jubilant Nanda at once sent many auspicious invitation letters to all near and far.
153 In the place of the ceremony gracefully flowed a stream of yoghurt, a stream of milk, a stream of ghee, a stream of molasses, a stream of oil, a stream of honey,...
154 ...a stream of butter, a stream of buttermilk, and a stream of sugarcane juice.
155 There were a hundred tall mountains of whole rice, a hundred mountains of flat rice, and seven mountains of salt.
156 There were sixteen hills of ripe fruits, wheat, barley and perfect laddu candies.
157 O Narada there was a mountain of modaka candies and seven very tall mountains of svastika and kapardaka candies.
158 There was a great open air pavilion of betelnuts, camphor and scented water.
159 There was an abundance of sandal, aguru, musk, and kunkuma, as well as many golden and jewel ornaments.
160 There were many beautiful ornaments of pearls and coral, and there were many beautiful garments.
161 Then Narada happily arranged that his son’s anna-prasana ceremony be performed in a courtyard filled with banana trees and new mango buds.
162 He happily arranged to have made a beautiful garment for the ceremony, a garment woven with fine threads and anointed with sandal.
163 In the courtyard were many auspicious pots filled with fruits and leaves and splendid with sandal, aguru, musk, and flower garlands.
164 O Narada, that place was splendid with many garlands, fine garments, cows, madhuparkas, sitting places,...
165-7 ...fruits, and lotus flowers. There was a great sound of dundubhi drums, dakkas, patahas, mrdangas, anakas, murajas, flutes, sannahanis, brass instruments and many other kinds of beautiful musical instruments. Many Vidyadhari girls danced with grace.
168 There were gandharvas singing very beautiful melodies and there were many chariots and golden thrones.
169-72 Then a messenger came to the courtyard and jubilantly said to Nanda: Look! Accompanied by his wife, servants, four hundred thousand chariots, as many elephants, ten million horses, as many palanquins, many kings of the rsis and munis, many learned brahmanas, and many poets, sannyasis, gopas, and gopis, Candrabhanu has come! Who can count how many are in his entourage?
173 Hearing this, Nanda at once went to them, respectfully greeted them, brought them to the courtyard, gave them a place to stay, and worshipped them.
174 Placing his head to the ground, Nanda offered respects to the rsis and the others. He offered them padya with great care and attention.
175 In this way Nanda’s palace became filled with guests and gifts. There was such a great tumult the people could not even hear each other talk.
176 Then, to please Shri Krishna, Kuvera happily showered gold for two and a half hours, filling the land of Gokula.
177 Embarrassed to show their feelings of joy and wonder, the guests simply bowed their heads and gazed at King Nanda’s wealth.
178 Then King Nanda bathed, put on clean garments, and anointed his body with sandal, aguru, musk and kunkuma.
179 Placing their feet on a beautiful golden stool, Nanda washed the feet of Garga Muni and the many sages. Then he placed himself as their servant, ready for their command.
180 Then, after meditating on Lord Vishnu, pronouncing the word svasti, and performing acamana, Nanda performed the anna-prasana ritual as described in the Vedas. Then he fed the infant Krishna.
181 Then, following Garga Muni’s order, at an auspicious moment happy Nanda gave the infant boy the name Krishna.
182 Then Nanda fed his son rice cooked with ghee, and gave Him the name Krishna. Nanda made many musical instruments play. He had many auspicious rituals performed.
183 Then he happily gave to the brahmanas many ornaments of jewels and gold, many delicious foods, and many costly garments.
184 To the poets and sannyasis he gave so much gold no one could carry it away.
185 To the brahmanas, sannyasis and guests he fed delicious sweets.
186 Again and again in Nanda’s Gokula there were loud sounds of “Give them more! Give them more! Please eat more! Please eat more!”
187-8 To Garga Muni King Nanda humbly gave precious jewels, costly garments, ornaments, coral, and beautiful golden cups, all made by Visvakarma.
189 To Garga Muni’s disciples and to the other brahmanas he gave large quantities of gold.
190 Shri Narayana Rsi said: Then Garga Muni took infant Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, to a secluded place, bowed down before Him, and happily offered prayers to Him.
191 Tears in his eyes, the hairs of his body erect, his head bowed, and his hands folded, Garga Muni offered respects to Lord Krishna’s lotus feet.
192 Shri Garga Muni said: O Lord Krishna, O master of the universes, O Lord who breaks the devotees’ fears, please be pleased with me. Please give me service to Your lotus feet.
193 What is the use of the wealth Your father gave me? Instead please give me unwavering devotion to You, devotion that rescues the devotees from all fears.
194 O Lord, I do not desire transcendental knowledge, the life of a demigod, any of the different kinds of liberation, or the mystic powers that begin with anuma-siddhi.
195 In my heart I do not desire to become Indra or Manu, or to enjoy heavenly pleasures in Svargaloka for a very long time if by attaining these things I cannot serve Your feet.
196 O Lord, I will not love in Your realm, have opulence like Yours, stay always near You, or have a transcendental form like Yours, if by accepting these things I cannot serve Your feet.
197 If I can always remember Your lotus feet I do not care whether I live in Goloka or in hell.
198 Because of pious deeds in many past births I obtained from Lord Siva the mantra of Your holy names. By chanting Your names I now know and see everything and I have the power to go anywhere.
199 O ocean of mercy, O friend of the poor, please be merciful to me. Please place me at Your lotus feet, protect me, and make me fearless. If You protect me, what can death do to me?
200 By serving Your lotus feet, Siva became victorious over death. He became the great destroyer, the guru of the yogis, and the master of all.
201 By serving Your lotus feet, Brahma became the creator of the universe. O Lord, in each of his days fourteen Indras live out their lives and finally perish.
202 By serving Your feet, Yamaraja became the witness of all deeds, the protector, the giver of results, and the victor that defeated invincible time.
203 By serving Your lotus feet, thousand-headed Lord Sesa became able to carry the earth and all the planets on His head as if they were all a single mustard seed.
204 Laksmi-devi, the best of all goddesses and the giver of all wealth and good fortune, uses her hair as a towel to dry Your lotus feet.
205 By again and again remembering Your lotus feet, Goddess Maya became the great potency and the seed of all, the goddess that is greater than the greatest.
206 By serving Your feet, Parvati became the very intelligent queen of all goddesses. She attained Lord Siva as her beloved master.
207 By serving Your lotus feet, Sarasvati became the mother-goddess of knowledge, the goddess worshipped by all.
208 By serving Your feet, Savitri became the mother of the Vedas. She purifies the three worlds. Brahma and the brahmanas yearn to attain her.
209 By serving Your lotus feet Vasundhara became the earth goddess. To maintain the people she became the mother of grains and jewels.
210 Radha was born from Your left side. She is Your equal in power and glory. She holds Your feet to Her breast. Who can describe all the ways She serves you?
211 O Lord, as You are merciful to Indra and the demigods and Laksmi and the demigoddesses, please be merciful to me also. Your mercy is the same for all.
212 O Lord, I will not go home and I will not accept the wealth You have offered. Please protect me. Please make ma a servant of Your lotus feet.
213 After speaking these prayers, Garga Muni fell down before Lord Krishna’s feet. Tears in his eyes and the hairs of his body standing up, he wept.
214 Hearing Garga Muni’s words, Lord Krishna, who loves His devotees, smiled and said to him, “May you have love and devotion for Me.”
215 A person who at sunrise, noon and sunset recites these prayers of Garga Muni attains unwavering love and devotion for Lord Krishna. He serves and remembers Lord Krishna always.
216 A person who devotedly serves Lord Krishna leaves this world of birth, death, old-age, disease, lamentation, bewilderment, and a host of troubles, far behind.
217 At the appropriate time he goes to Lord Krishna’s abode and enjoys with Him. From then on he is never separated from Lord Krishna.
218 Shri Narayana Rsi said: After speaking these prayers and presenting the infant Krishna to King Nanda, Garga Muni said to him: O gopa, please give your permission, and then I will return home.
219 This world of birth and death is caught in a network of illusion. It is filled with surprises. In this world people meet, and then are quickly separated. They are like bubbles of foam in the ocean.
220 Hearing Garga Muni’s words, Nanda wept. Separation from great saints is worse than death.
221 As Garga Muni and disciples were about to depart, Nanda, the gopas, and the gopis began to weep.
222 O sage, they all affectionately and humbly bowed before Garga Muni, who blessed them all, and then happily returned to Mathura.
223 Happy at heart and now very wealthy by Nanda’s charity, the rsis, munis, gopas, and guests returned to their homes.
224 Taking with them many candies, horses, golden ornaments, and other gifts from Nanda, the poets also returned to their homes.
225 Filled to their necks with delicious foods, and carrying heavy burdens of many valuable gifts, the happy sannyasis could barely walk.
226 Some walked very slowly, some rested on the ground, some stopped on the road, and some stood up and began walking again.
227 Some danced, some sang, and some recited poems composed in ancient times.
228 Some recited the histories of great kings like Marutta, Sveta, Sagara, Mandhata, Uttanapada, Nahusa, Nala, and the histories of Lord Rama’s asvamedha-yajna and Rantideva’s many pious deeds.
229 Some repeated the stories of these kings, stories heard from the mouths of their elders, and others carefully listened.
230 They travelled, stopped, slept, and travelled again. In this way, after many days, the happy pilgrims all returned to their own homes.
231 Staying in a palace opulent like Kuvera’s, Nanda and Yasoda happily held infant Krishna to their chest.
232 Like two slowly waxing moons, the two boys, Krishna and Balarama, grew day by day. Happily holding a cow’s tail or a wall, They began to stand up straight.
233 O sage, crawling about in the courtyard, and now able to speak with broken words, day after day the two boys delighted Their parents.
234 Soon Krishna could crawl through the house and courtyard and Balarama could walk with His legs.
235 Balarama was one year older than Krishna. Day after day crawling in the courtyard, the boys delighted Their parents more and more.
236 Soon the two Supreme Lords, now accepting the role of small boys, could easily walk in the village of Vraja and easily speak distinct words.
237 O sage, Garga Muni went to Vasudeva’s palace in Mathura. Vasudeva devotedly bowed before the sage and asked about the welfare of Krishna and Balarama.
238 Garga Muni told him the boys were well and happy and then described the great anna-prasana festival. Hearing all this, Vasudeva became plunged into an ocean of tears of joy.
239 Filled with happiness and love, Devaki asked again and again. Plunged in an ocean of tears of joy, she wept again and again.
240 Garga Muni blessed them and then returned home. Staying in their palace opulent like Kuvera’s own abode, Vasudeva and Devaki became very happy.
241 O Narada, in a previous kalpa you were the great gandharva Upabarhana, the husband of fifty beautiful wives.
242 Youthful and expert at amorous pastimes, you were more dear than life to them. Then, by the curse of the demigod Brahma, you became the son of a brahmana and a servant girl.
243 By eating the remnants of food left by the Vaishnavas, you became the son of the demigod Brahma. Now, because of your service to Lord Krishna, you have the power to see everything, know everything, and remember your past births.
244 Thus I have described to you the pastime of Lord Krishna’s anna-prasana ceremony. This description rescues on from the world of birth, death, and old-age.
The Breaking of the Arjuna Tree
1 Shri Narayana Rsi said: One day Yasoda went to bathe in the Yamuna. Seeing the house filled with milk-products, the boy Krishna smiled.
2 Then Krishna drank all the yoghurt, milk, ghee, buttermilk, and butter that was in the house.
3 When boy Krishna had just finished eating a cartful of svastika candies made with honey and ghee, and He was about to wipe the evidence from His mouth with the edge of His yellow dhoti,...
4 ...the gopis Yasoda, returned home from her bath, saw Him, and she also saw that in her home all the pots were now broken and emptied of the milk-products, honey, and other foods they once contained.
5 Seeing all this, she asked the children nearby: Who did this terrible thing? Tell the truth.
6 Hearing Yasoda’s words, the children said: Your boy ate everything, and that is the truth. He did not even give us some.
7 Hearing the children’s words. Yasoda became angry. Her eyes now red lotus flowers, she grabbed a stick and ran after Krishna.
8 She could not catch the fleeing child Krishna, who cannot be caught by the meditations of Lord Siva and the yogis.
9 Exhausted from running, and her lips, palate, and throat now dry, saintly, angry Yasoda stopped for a moment.
10 At that moment merciful Lord Krishna, who is the Supreme Person and the master of all the universes, approached His mother and smiled.
11 Then she took Lord Krishna by the hand, led Him home, with a cloth tied Him to a tree, and hit Him.
12 After tying Krishna to a tree, Yasoda went inside the house. In this way the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the ruler of all the universes, stood at the roots of a tree.
13 O Narada, when the Lord Krishna touched that tree tall as a mountain, it suddenly fell to the ground, making a frightening sound.
14 From that tree came a splendid, opulently dressed person, who climbed a splendid chariot and went away, returning to his own home.
15 Dressed in gold and decorated with jewels, the smiling, fair-complexioned youth bowed down before Lord Krishna, the master of the universes.
16 When she saw the tree fall, frightened Yasoda at once put her crying, handsome dark boy on her lap.
17 The gopas and gopis of Gokula ran to her house, made the boy stop His crying and rebuked Yasoda.
18 The brahmanas blessed the boy. Nanda gave charity to the poets and had a brahmana chant the holy names of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
19 The people of Gokula said: O Nanda and Yasoda, you are not very intelligent. Somehow or other, in your old age you have a son.
20 Wealth, rice, jewels, and everything else are meant for one’s children. If their children do not enjoy them, they are worthless.
21 O cruel one, for the sake of some milk products you tied your son to the base of a tree. Then you went about your household duties. Then, by destiny, the tree fell.
22 Fortunately, your boy survived the tree’s fall. Fool, if He had died, what would be the use of all your wealth?
23 After speaking these words to her, everyone returned to their own homes. Then Nanda, his eyes now red lotus flowers, spoke to his wife.
24 Shri Nanda said: Carrying my son around my neck, I will go on pilgrimage. Please leave my home. What need have I for you?
25 A pond is better than a hundred wells. A lake is better than a hundred ponds. A yana is better than a hundred lakes. A son is better than a hundred yajnas.
26 Pious deeds, such as austerity and charity, bring happiness in the next life. A good son, however, brings happiness in both this life and the next.
27 Every man loves his wife, but a wife is an iron chain of material desires. She is illusion personified. She is a basket of dear illusions.
28 A son is more dear than a wife. A son is more dear than life itself. There never was, now will there ever be any relative more dear than a son.
29 After speaking these words to his wife, Nanda stayed in his palace and did not leave for pilgrimage. Yasoda and Rohini became very diligent in their household duties.
30 Shri Narada said: Who was the opulently dressed person that had thus assumed the form of a tree? O Lord, how did he become a tree?
31 Shri Narayana Rsi said: One day Kuvera’s son Nalakuvara, who was handsome and glorious, went to the Nandana gardens to enjoy with the apsara Rambha.
32-3 In a beautiful and secluded lake shore flower garden fragrant with flower breezes, he made a bed of flowers with silken sheets, jewel lamps, fragrant ointments of sandal, aguru, musk and kunkuma, and with flowers everywhere.
34 He took Rambha there and they enjoyed the eight kinds of amorous pastimes, beginning with viparita, to their heart’s content.
35 In that place they enjoyed six kinds of kisses and three kinds of embraces.
36 Expert in amorous pastimes and learned in the Kama-sastra, he took her from the water to the land, and from the land to the water, enjoying with her pastimes of amorous scratching and biting.
37 At that moment Devala Muni saw Nalakuvara enjoying these amorous pleasures with naked, dishevelled, buxom, broad-hipped Rambha.
38 Her limbs scratched and bitten and the hairs of her body erect, she gazed, smiling with pleasure, at the Lord of her life, and he gazed, smiling with pleasure, at her.
39 The sage glanced at Rambha who, her eyebrows crooked and her cheeks splendid with earrings, was filled with lusty desires,...
40 ...who was decorated with jewel bracelets, armlets, anklets,...
41 ...colourful jewel necklaces, flower garlands, sindura dots, and a network of tinkling ornaments,...
42 ...and he also glanced at Nalakuvara, who was so rapt in amorous pleasures that he did not stand up to offer respects to the sage. The great sage said to him, “Sinner, become a tree!”
43 Then he cursed lusty Rambha, “Become a human woman! You will become Janmejaya’s beautiful wife.”
44 To Nalakuvara he said, “Go to Gokula and become a tree. When Lord Krishna touches you, you may return home.”
45 To Rambha he said, “O Rambha, when you enjoy with Indra, you may also return to your home.” After speaking these words, the sage returned to his asrama.
46 In this way Nalakuvara, the handsome and glorious son of Kuvera was able to return to his home. I have told you that story, now I will tell you the story of Rambha.
47 Rambha took birth on the earth in King Sucandra’s house. She was his very beautiful daughter. She was like Goddess Laksmi personified.
48 With great ceremony the great king Sucandra gave his opulently decorated daughter in marriage to King Janmejaya.
49 She became the beautiful first queen of King Janmejaya. In many secluded places he enjoyed with her again and again.
50 One day the king began an asvamedha-yajna. Indra at once stole the horse and rode to the palace.
51 Hearing that the handsome yajna horse had come, the chaste and beautiful queen eagerly went alone to see it.
52 Descending from the horse, Indra raped the chaste queen. Although she resisted, he enjoyed with her there in the palace.
53 Overcome with pleasure, Indra did not know whether it was day or night. Because of their union, the queen employed mystic powers to leave her body.
54 Embarrassed and frightened of the king, Indra fled to Svargaloka. When he heard what had happened, and when he saw that his wife was now dead, the king lamented again and again.
55 In this way Rambha left her human body and returned to Svargaloka. When the yajna was completed, the king gave the brahmanas their full daksina.
56 O great sage, in this way I have told you all about the breaking of the arjuna tree and the release of Nalakuvara and Rambha from a sage’s curse.
57 Thus I have told you all about this one of Lord Krishna’s sanctifying pastimes, which free one from birth, death and old age. Now I will tell another of His pastimes.