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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Other Scriptures by Acharyas > Biographies of Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Literary Works of Bhaktivinoda

Literary Works of rla hkura Bhaktivinoda 1838-1914

Literary Works of Shrila Bhaktivinoda

Compiled by Dasharatha-suta dasa

 

The Literary Works of Thakura Bhaktivinoda (1838-1914)

1849

Ula-candi-mahatmya

Bengali verses composed by Bhaktivinoda at the tender age of 11 years old, glorifying the deity of goddess Ula-candi in Ula, Birnagar, the town of his birth.

1850

Hari-katha

(Topics of Lord Hari)-a poem in Bengali.

1850

Lila-kirtana

(Glorification of the Lord's Pastimes)-a poem in Bengali.

1851

Shumbha-Nishumbha-Yuddha

(The Battle With Shumbha and Nishumbha)

Bengali verses about the famous ancient battle between goddess Durga and two demons.

1855

Articles

Contributions of articles to various regional and national periodicals and magazines commenced from this year.

1857

Poriade

Part One-a poem in classical English about the wanderings of Porus, who fought Alexander the Great in the pre-Christian era.

1858

Poriade Part Two

The second of what was planned to be a twelve-part series, but which was never completed. Still, these two volumes constitute an epic composition.

1860

Maths of Orissa

English prose narratives about the various temples, monasteries and holy shrines in Orissa which were visited on pilgrimage by Thakura Bhaktivinoda.

1863

Vijana-grama

(The Deserted Village)

Bhaktivinoda's description of his affectionate return to the beautiful village of Ula (his birthplace). However, to his horror he finds the population of the town practically wiped out by cholera. Viewing the devastation of this once-thriving community, Bhaktivinoda feels an increase in his disgust for the material world of birth and death, as realized in his higher spiritual awareness. Composed in unmetered rhyming Bengali poetry.

1863

Sannyasi

(The Renounced Monk)

an intricately detailed story of the adventures of a young sannyasi traveling throughout ancient India and abroad. The narrative is naturally full of important spiritual lessons. Composed in unmetered rhyming Bengali poetry, similar to Vijana-grama.

1863

Our Wants

An essay in English prose.

1866

Balide Registry

A manual of the Government Registration Department translated by Thakura Bhaktivinoda into Urdu.

1866

Speech on Gautama

A lecture in English about Gautama Muni and the philosophy of nyaya (logic), delivered before a philosophical gathering at Chapra in the state of Bihar.

1868

Sac-cid-ananda-premalankara

(Decorations of Pure Ecstatic Love Abounding in Eternity, Knowledge and Bliss)

A poem in Bengali on the glories of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Bhaktivinoda composed this after reading the Chaitanya-caritamrita for the first time, an experience which greatly fired his enthusiasm for spreading Lord Chaitanya's mission.

1869

The Bhagavat:

Its Philosophy, Its Ethics, and Its Theology

A lecture in English on the Shrimad-Bhagavatam, delivered at Dinajpur in West Bengal. Some topics covered are: what Bhagavatam really is, how Lord Chaitanya preached the Bhagavatam, the three great truths of absolute religion (sambandha, abidheya, and prayojana), maya as a shakti of the omnipotent Lord, the duty of man to God, the superiority of the Bhagavatam in synthesizing all sorts of theistic worship systems, and cultivation of the methods of bhakti.

1870

Garbha-stotra-vyakha

(Purport of the Garbha-stotra), or Sambandha-tattva-candrika

(A Moonbeam of the Truth of Eternal Relationship)

A commentary in Bengali prose on the Garbha-stotra (Prayers by the Demigods to Shri Krishna in the Womb) from the second chapter of the tenth canto of Shrimad-Bhagavatam.

1871

Reflections

A poem in English.

1871

Thakur Haridas

Ten English verses about the disappearance of Namacarya Shrila Haridas Thakur, which are engraved in marble on the samadhi tomb of Haridas by the seashore at JagannathaPuri.

1871

The Temple of Jagannatha at Puri

An English prose essay describing the history of the establishment of the great temple in Puri, Orissa. This piece also addresses the hypocrisy of temple priests as opposed to sincere devotional worship in pure love of God.

1871

The Akharas in Puri

English critical exposi on certain Vaishnava monasteries in Jagannatha Puri. Apparently these places were kept by temple priests for meetings where intoxication and other questionable activities were indulged.

1871

The Personality of Godhead

An essay in English prose.

1871

Saragrahi Vaishnava

(The Devotee Who Grasps the Essence)

A 22 verse English poem describing the mood of a devotee who knows how to remain aloof from gross worldly attractions while extracting the essence of Krishna Consciousness everywhere and in everything.

1871

A Beacon Light

English prose.

1871

To Love God

A short English article describing bhakti (love) as the religion of the soul. The piece is based on Christ Jesus' teaching "Love God with all thy heart, with all thy mind, and with all thy strength, and love man as thy brother."

1871

The Attibaris of Orissa

A long letter in English to the editors of the "Progress", exposing a questionable sect of pseudo-Vaishnavas popular in Orissa.

1871

The Marriage System of Bengal

An English article detailing Hindu marriage customs and their deplorable forms. He gives historical outlines of various types of traditional marriages, and expresses some sympathy for the women subjected to the inhumane marital practices of certain groups in Bengal.

1872

Vedantadhikarana-mala

(A Garland of Chapters on Vedanta)

A compilation of Sanskrit verses on Vedanta philosophy, with Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali translations and explanations.

1873

Datta-kaustubha

(The Kaustubha Gem of the Datta Family)

104 Sanskrit verses on Vaishnava philosophy composed by Thakura Bhaktivinoda, including his own Sanskrit prose commentary.

1876

Datta-vamsha-mala

(The Garland of the Datta Lineage)

Sanskrit verses giving a genealogical description of the Datta family of Bali Samaj. Since he was born Kedarnath Datta, this is a chronicle of Bhaktivinoda's own family tree.

1878

Bauddha-vijaya-kavyam

(Poems on the Defeat of Buddhism)

Sanskrit verses soundly defeating the atheistic philosophy of Buddhism, point for point.

1880

Shri Krishna-samhita

An amazing and revolutionary treatise on the science of Lord Krishna, His pastimes and His devotees. This book contains an 83-page introduction in which Thakura Bhaktivinoda discusses the philosophy and development of Indian religion from a historical and geographical viewpoint. Then, in the actual Samhita portion of the book, he has composed 281 Sanskrit verses and divided them into 10 chapters which deal with descriptions of the spiritual world, the multifarious energies of the Lord, His incarnations, astonishing aspects of His pastimes, descriptions of how Lord Krishna removes specific demonic obstacles in order for His devotees to attain the mood of Vraja, and a detailed analysis of the character of one who has attained Krishna's association, etc. Accompanying the Sanskrit verses are Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translations and explanations. At the end of the book, the Thakura gives a 50-page Conclusion in which religious philosophy is discussed in terms of the principles of sambandha, abhidheya and prayojana. He describes that all of his unique conclusions were revealed to him while in a deep spiritual trance.

1881

Kalyana Kalpa-taru

(The Desire-Tree of Auspiciousness)

A songbook of 63 Bengali songs describing a desire-tree that Bhaktivinoda had brought directly from the spiritual world. Its trunk is divided into three branches called (1) Upadesha (spiritual advice), (2) Upalabdhi (attainment of realization of the advice), and (3) Ucchvasa (resultant overflowing spiritual emotions). In these ecstatic devotional songs, the Thakura gives an eyewitness account of the actual transcendental emotions that come into play as the natural result of committing one's life and soul to Shri Shri Gaura-Nitai. Then he describes the final result of receiving the mercy of Lord Chaitanya-entrance into the confidential daily pastimes of Shri Shri Radha-Madhava. This songbook became immediately popular upon its publication, and its songs were sung by devotees with great enthusiasm.

1881

Sajjana-toshani

(She Who Pleases the Saintly Persons)

This was a monthly Vaishnava periodical in the Bengali language which Bhaktivinoda began to edit and publish commencing from the year 1881 and continuing for 17 volumes.

1883

Review of the Sanskrit book

"Nitya-rupa-samsthapanam"

("Proof of the Lord's Eternal Form")

This book was composed in Sanskrit by Bhaktivinoda's contemporary named Pandit Upendra Mohan Goswami Nyaya-ratna, and it gives many sound arguments culled from many scriptures to prove the eternal nature of the Lord's Deity-form. Bhaktivinoda presented an English prose summary in a contemporary format outlining some of the main points, urging his readers to read the book in the original Sanskrit.

1885

Vishva-vaishnava-kalpa-tavi

(The Desire-Tree of the Universal Vaishnavas)

A small booklet published in order to acquaint the public with the functions and aims of a spiritual society he personally organized in Calcutta, called the Shri Vishva Vaishnava Sabha (The Association of Universal Vaishnavas).

1886

Shrimad Bhagavad-gita

(The Song of God)

The most famous of classical Sanskrit religious texts; Bhaktivinoda published a rare manuscript of it that included the Sanskrit commentary of Shrila Vishvanatha Cakravarti Thakura entitled Sarartha-varshini (She who showers the essence of the intrinsic meaning). The elaborate introduction in Bengali was written by Bhaktivinoda, and for each Sanskrit verse of the Gita he composed his own Bengali translation-commentary entitled Rasika-ranjana (That which pleases the relishers of mellows).

1886

Shri Chaitanya-shiksamrita

(The Nectarean Teachings of Shri Chaitanya)

A philosophical work in Bengali prose which is meant to show exactly how the teachings of Lord Chaitanya are to be applied in the modern world. This includes the perfectly non-envious bridging of the gaps between all the world's major religions. These nectarean teachings, based on Lord Chaitanya's instructions to Rupa and Sanatana Goswami as found in the Chaitanya-caritamrita, are just like a shower of pure nectar, and therefore the book is divided into 8 "showers", each of these being subdivided into "downpours". The 8 "showers" are listed as follows:

(1) Ascertainment of the Topmost Religion

(2) Secondary Duties, or Religious Activities

(3) Primary Duties, or Regulative Devotional Service

(4) Discussions on Spontaneous Devotional Service

(5) Discussions on Ecstatic Devotional Service

(6) Discussions on Devotional Service in Pure Love of God

(7) Discussions on Transcendental Mellow

(8) Conclusion.

1886

Sanmodana-bhashyam

(The Commentary That Gives Pleasure to the Virtuous)

A comprehensive Sanskrit commentary on Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's 8 verses of instruction named Shikshashtaka. Bhaktivinoda also includes a Bengali song for each verse that paraphrases and expands on Lord Chaitanya's devotional moods.

1886

Bhajana-darpana-bhashya

(A Mirror Which Reflects the Purport of Devotional Worship)

A Sanskrit commentary on Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami's 12-verse Sanskrit prayer entitled Manah-shiksha (Instructions to the Mind). Bhaktivinoda also included his Bengali song translation/commentary of each verse, meant to be sung regularly by devotees.

1886

Dashopanishad-curnika

(A Particle of Dust from Ten Upanishads)

A book of Bengali prose containing essential information gleaned from the 10 principle Upanishads (out of 108).

1886

Bhavavali

(A Series of Ecstasies)

Sanskrit verses on the subject of rasa written by different Vaishnava acaryas of the highest order, compiled by Thakura Bhaktivinoda and published along with his own Bengali song translations.

1886

Prema-pradipa

(A Torchlamp of Divine Love)

A philosophical Vaishnava novel written in Bengali prose. The basic plot is that three men from Calcutta travel to Vrindavana in order to meet a Vaishnava (who is also a mystic yogi), with the intention of learning the transcendental science from him. Two of the men (who were impersonalists) gradually become convinced of devotion unto the Supreme Lord, whereas the third gets misled by the mystic yoga process, thus cheating himself of the rare treasure of ecstatic love for Lord Krishna. The book is composed in 10 chapters, called "rays of light".

1886

Shri Vishnu-sahasra-nama-stotram

(The Thousand Names of Lord Vishnu)

Originally part of the Maha-Bharata, this prayer was published by the Thakura along with the Sanskrit commentary of Shrila Baladeva Vidya-bhushana entitled Namartha-sudha (The Nectar of the Meaning of the Names).

1887

Shri Krishna-vijaya

(Lord Krishna's Glorious Victory)

A famous Bengali verse epic on the pastimes of Shri Krishna, written in the early 1470's by Maladhara Vasu (Gunaraj Khan.) This book, written in a simple folk style, was not only renowned for being the first volume of Bengali literature ever published, but was one of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's favorite books. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own introduction in Bengali.

1887

Shri Caitanyopanishad

(part of the Atharva Veda)

An Upanishadic treatise in Sanskrit dealing with Shri Krishna's appearance as the great preacher of love of Godhead, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. These 19 verses were edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Sanskrit commentary called Shri Chaitanya-caranamrita (The Nectar of the Lotus Feet of Lord Chaitanya), and Madhusudana Dasa's Bengali translation of the original Sanskrit verses called Amrita-bindu (A Drop of Nectar).

1888

Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala

(A Garland of Vaishnava Truths)

A Bengali prose work that gives a crystallization of all the basic tenets of Gaudiya Vaishnava philosophy. Bhaktivinoda intended this book to be read by the general public, therefore it is composed in simple, straightforward language. Some topics covered are: acceptance of a bona fide spiritual master, chanting of the holy names without offenses, regular practice of kirtan, and so forth. The first chapter is in the form of instructive questions and answers on foundational spiritual topics.

1890

Amnaya-sutram

(The Codes of Vedic Knowledge)

A classical Sanskrit composition based on the Upanishads, presented in the traditional style as 130 aphorisms, plus a short commentary on each aphorism in Sanskrit, quoted from various ancient scriptures. Bhaktivinoda also gives his own Bengali translation called the Laghu-bhashya (Brief Explanation). This book helps the aspirants in easily engaging their lives in devotional practices by presenting very simple statements of transcendental truths. The 130 aphorisms are divided into 16 extremely condensed and irrefutable chapters.

1890

Shri Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmyam

(The Glories of the Abode of Navadvipa)

Parikrama-khanda

(The Canto Describing the Tour)

18 chapters of Bengali verse in which Bhaktivinoda describes the complete tour of the nine islands of Navadvipa that was traversed by Lord Nityananda. Taking the young Shrila Jiva Goswami along, Lord Nityananda Prabhu points out all the different places of pilgrimage and tells the stories behind those sacred sites.

1890

Shri Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmyam

(The Glories of the Abode of Navadvipa)

Pramana-khanda

(The Canto Describing the Scriptural References)

Five chapters of amazing quotes from many different Vedic scriptures, Puranas and Samhitas that glorify the holy land of Navadvipa. The Sanskrit verses are accompanied by Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translations.

1890

Siddhanta-darpanam

(The Mirror of Truth)

A philosophical Sanskrit work by Shrila Baladeva Vidya-bhushana, edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translations. Bhaktivinoda liked this book very much because it establishes, by quoting from many scriptures, that the Shrimad Bhagavatam is the crown jewel of all the Puranas.

1891

Shrimad Bhagavad-Gita

(The Song of God)

Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with Shrila Baladeva Vidya-bhushana's Sanskrit commentary called Gita-bhushana (A Decoration of the Gita), and his own Bengali translation-commentary called Vidvad-ranjana (That Which Pleases the Wise).

1891

Shri Godruma Kalpatavi

(The Desire-tree Grove of the Island of Godruma)

A collection of Bhaktivinoda's Bengali essays describing his program of Nam Hatta, or the Marketplace of the Holy Name. He describes the different characters of the marketplace, how the holy names are purchased, various posts in the market, and qualifications of the participants. Included are reports of a number of Bhaktivinoda's actual preaching programs.

1892

Shri Hari-nama

(The Holy Name of Lord Hari)

The second chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, excerpted and published in pamphlet form. This was used for public distribution by Bhaktivinoda in connection with his program of Nam Hatta (the Marketplace of the Holy Name). This pamphlet describes the transcendental glories of the holy names, quoting from various scriptures, plus explanations of these quotes as given by various Vaishnava acaryas. It also lists and expounds on the ten offenses against the chanting of the holy names.

1892

Shri Nama

(The Holy Name)

The third chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, excerpted and published in pamphlet form, also used by Bhaktivinoda for distribution during his public Nam Hatta programs. This work begins with a short introduction, then it has 100 names of Lord Chaitanya arranged in 8 songs meant to be sung in kirtan, followed by three more songs of Lord Chaitanya's glories. Finally, there is a Bengali prose essay entitled "Shri Shri Godruma-candra's Order", which expounds on the sacred command that Lord Chaitanya gave to all His devotees (as described in the Chaitanya-bhagavat, Madhya-lila, chapter 13-bolo krishna, bhaja krishna, koro krishna-shiksha-"Going to each and every house, just beg like this-'Chant Krishna, worship Krishna, and follow Krishna's instructions.'" Then Bhaktivinoda quotes from the seventh chapter of the eleventh canto of Shrimad Bhagavatam in which Narada Muni tells Maharaja Yudhishthira about the thirty good qualities that are naturally manifest in the character of religious persons.

1892

Shri Nama-tattva-shikshashtaka

(Eight Verses of Instruction Regarding the Truth of the Holy Name of the Lord)

The fourth chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, similarly excerpted by Bhaktivinoda and published as a pamphlet. This chapter systematically presents each of the eight verses of instruction written by Lord Chaitanya, called Shikshashtakam. First is the original Sanskrit verse, then Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translation, then Bhaktivinoda's expanded Bengali song. After presenting all eight verses in this manner, Bhaktivinoda then concludes with several more songs of instructions to the people, begging them to instill their hearts with these nectarean teachings of Lord Chaitanya.

1892

Shri Nama-mahima

(The Glories of the Holy Name)

The fifth chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, printed as above in pamphlet form. After a brief introduction, Bhaktivinoda presents an eight-verse Sanskrit prayer composed by Shrila Rupa Goswami called Shri Namashtakam, which concisely describes the glories of the holy name of the Lord. Accompanying each verse is Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translation as well as expanded Bengali song. Then he concludes with three more songs which glorify many names of Lord Krishna, including two Nama Hata songs describing how Lord Chaitanya and Lord Nityananda distributed these names (yashomati-nandana; boro sukher khabor gai; and doyal nitai-chaitanya bole nachre amar man).

1892

Shri Nama-pracara

(The Preaching of the Holy Name)

The sixth chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, printed as above in pamphlet form. First, the Thakura presents an important Bengali song he wrote-nadiya godrume nityananda mahajana-giving an elaborate prose purport for each of the four verses. This outlines the principle of ajna ahal, the order of the Lord to go out and engage the public in the practice of congregational sankirtan. Then, he presents eleven more songs he wrote for the general public to sing in kirtan and bhajan, featuring the gist of Lord Chaitanya's teachings.

1892

Shriman Mahaprabhur Shiksha

The Lessons Given by Shriman Mahaprabhu)

A book written by Bhaktivinoda in eleven chapters. In the first chapter, he summarizes Shri Chaitanya's philosophy in ten points (dasha mula). Then the following ten chapters fully explain each point individually. All philosophical conclusions are supported with profuse scriptural quotations in Sanskrit, which are accompanied by Bengali prose translations and explanations.

1893

Tattva-viveka

(Knowledge of Transcendental Truths)

Subtitled: Sac-cid-anandanubhuti

(Realization of Eternity, Knowledge and Bliss)

In this book, Thakura Bhaktivinoda discusses the different precepts of the great Vaishnava acaryas as compared to the ideas of other famous philosophers, both Oriental and Western. He mentions the Greek philosophers Leucippus, Democritus, Plato and Aristotle; Diderot and Lamettrie of France; Lucretius of Italy; Von Holbach of Germany; Yangchoo of China; Carvaka of India; and Englishmen Mill, Lewis, Paine, Carlyle, Bentham, Combe, and so on. The book is composed of 48 Sanskrit verses, each with an exhaustive Bengali commentary. The First Realization, of 33 verses, is entitled "Realization of Eternity", and the Second Realization, of 15 verses, is entitled "Realization of Eternal Conscioushness".

1893

Shoka-shatana

(The Dispelling of Grief)

A small booklet of 13 Bengali songs, which Bhaktivinoda composed between 1888 and 1890. These songs were meant to be sung by the general public, as they describe an ecstatic pastime in Lord Chaitanya's life, an incident giving expression to important teachings of transcendental truths. This pastime was mentioned briefly by Vrindavana dasa Thakura in his Shri Chaitanya-bhagavat, and Bhaktivinoda expanded the narrative very nicely. The basic story runs as follows: Once, during an all-night kirtan performed by the Lord in Shrivasa Pandita's courtyard, one of the five sons of Shrivasa suddenly died within the house due to some disease. All of the household ladies began to cry very loudly in lamentation, which was heard by Shrivasa as he was chanting and dancing with Lord Chaitanya out in the courtyard. Entering the house, Shrivasa pacified the distressed ladies with sweet spiritual instructions and then returned to the ecstatic kirtana as if nothing had happened. In the morning the kirtan finally stopped, and Lord Chaitanya inquired if anything was wrong in the house, for He was not feeling the typical ecstasy from His all-night kirtan. Being informed of the fate of the boy, the Lord became severely afflicted with loving separation and asked that the body be brought out into the courtyard. Then asking the dead boy why he had died, Lord Chaitanya manifested the jiva soul back into its body, and the boy then spoke many transcendental truths before leaving again. Afterwards, Lord Chaitanya accompanied by all the devotees celebrated the funeral ceremony of the boy in great ecstasy, being joined by the personified Ganges River, Shri Jahnavi Devi herself.

1893

Sharanagati

(Abandoned to the Lord's Shelter)

A Bengali songbook of 50 ecstatic songs about the process of purely devoted surrender unto the lotus feet of Lord Krishna. This book has become very famous, and its songs are sung daily in hundreds of temples in India as well as around the world. It is based on the six processes of surrender mentioned by Shrila Rupa Goswami in his Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu. The book is divided as follows: the first part consisting of 32 songs describes the moods of a devotee as he systematically follows the six stages of surrender; then there are 13 songs called Bhajana-lalasa, or "Eagerness for Worship" (Bengali songs based on Shrila Rupa Goswami's Sanskrit Upadeshamrita, "The Nectar of Instruction"); then 3 songs called Siddhi-lalasa, "Eagerness for Perfection"; and finally, at the very end of Sharanagati, the Thakura concludes the book with two very important songs: first Vijnapti or "Confessions", in which Bhaktivinoda longs for the day when he will be engaged-body, mind and words-in activities of pure devotional service; and the last song is entitled Shri Nama-mahatmya, or "The Glories of the Holy Name". This song describes the powerful effects of the holy names of the Lord, and how the name takes the devotee back to Godhead.

1893

Gitavali

(A Collection of Songs)

A Bengali songbook of 70 rapturous songs which are meant to be sung regularly by devotees. Indeed, many of these songs are part of the daily devotional practice conducted by devotees all over the world. This book begins with 2 Arunodaya Kirtanas, or songs to be sung at dawn, when the first reddish tint is seen over the horizon; then there are 4 arati songs, to be sung while worshiping the deities on the altar; then 6 songs describe the devotional moods of honoring the Lord's various food remnants (prasad); 8 songs praise the glories of Nagar Kirtan, the chanting of the Lord's holy names while processing around the town on Name-patrol; 4 songs list over 100 different names of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; then 6 songs list 120 names of Lord Krishna; 5 more songs chant the glories of Krishna's many holy names; 5 songs ascertain the ultimate goal of life (Shreyo Nirnaya); 2 songs called Bhajana-Gita instruct the dull mind how to worship the Lord properly; 8 songs are based on Shrila Rupa Goswami's Sanskrit prayer known as Namashaka, or eight prayers to the holy name; 8 songs praise the glories of Shrimati Radharani (Shri Radhashaka); and finally, 8 songs are based on the eight prayers of instruction written by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu called Shikshashaka. Some editions published later added several songs as an Appendix-1 song of intense, eager longing for the highest spiritual perfection called Siddhi Lalasa, and a Sanskrit song composed by Bhaktivinoda in 20 metrically melodious verses called Shri Shri Godruma-candra Bhajanopadesha (Instructions for the Worship of Lord Chaitanya, the Moon Over Godruma).

1893

Gita-mala

(A Garland of Songs)

A Bengali songbook of 80 nectarean songs arranged in five chapters:

(1) Yamuna-bhavavali describes in 27 songs the mellow ecstasies of shanta and dasya-rasa as it is revealed in the famous prayer Stotra-ratna by Shri Yamunacarya

(2) Karpanya-panjika is a diary of humble longings for eternal service to Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, as revealed in a prayer from Shrila Rupa Goswami's book Stava-mala

(3) Shoka-shatana gives a detailed description in 13 songs of a particular pastime of Lord Chaitanya in which He revives the dead son of Shrivasa Thakura

(4) Rupanuga-bhajana-darpana is a scientific devotional treatise which analyzes the spiritual functioning of Lord Krishna's pastimes. The moods presented herein concisely express the Thakura's realizations of the truths explained by Shrila Rupa Goswami in his Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu and Ujjvala-Nilamani. This chapter also describes practices required to allow one entrance into the Lord's eternal pastimes

(5) Siddhi-lalasa is a 10 song description of the longing for achieving the perfection of an eternal spiritual name, dress, body and specific service in the eternal realm of Goloka Vrindavana.

1893

Baula-sangita

(Songs of the Mad Wandering Saint)

A collection of 12 songs in Bengali verse. Bhaktivinoda saw that the Indian society at that time had become overrun with many different types of pretentious so-called Vaishnavas. One group, known as "Baula", or transcendental madmen, used to wander all around the countryside singing bogus songs and begging alms. The Thakura recognized them as false devotees, and he wrote these 12 songs so that the common people could learn to tell the difference between false Baulas and real Baulas. The language and dialect of these songs is just like the common street talk of the period, and Bhaktivinoda even signed the songs "Canda Baula"-he assumed a Baula name just so people would accept them! These songs each describe the various forms of cheating Baulas, exposing their deceptive hypocrisy, and finally propose the correct way for following Lord Chaitanya according to authorized devotional principles.

1893

Dalaler Gita

(The Song of the Broker)

A song in Bengali verse that describes how Lord Nityananda has opened up The Marketplace of the Holy Name at Surabhi-kunja, which was Bhaktivinoda's headquarters on the island of Godruma in Navadvipa. He says that Nityananda is selling the Lord's name for the mere price of one's faith, and, taking the position of a transcendental 'broker' for the sale of the name, Bhaktivinoda urges his fellow countrymen to purchase and relish these transcendental goods.

1893

Nam Bhajan

(The Worship of the Holy Name)

A small booklet in English prose on the divine name of Shri Krishna. He thoroughly discusses the goal of Krishna-prema as reached by pure chanting; quoting from various scriptures, he establishes the inconceivable glories of the name; analyzing the process of worshiping the holy name, he proves that the name is an incarnation of Krishna Himself on earth; then finally, Bhaktivinoda presents the various stages of devotion that are manifest to an ascending soul who is on the way back to Godhead.

1893

Jaiva Dharma

(The Religion of the Soul's Natural Characteristics)

A philosophical Vaishnava novel written in Bengali prose. Most of the book is presented as a dialogue of questions and answers between the various characters. The main character is Shri Prema dasa Babaji, who is known as a paramahamsa, or a topmost swan-like devotee of the Lord, one who has transcended all external forms of religiosity. He is always overwhelmed with pure ecstatic love, and his personal worship of the Lord cannot be understood by any ordinary person. One day, the Babaji is approached by a sannyasi who is himself very well versed in the revealed scriptures but has thusfar subscribed to the impersonal conception of the absolute. The sannyasi asks many questions, and the Babaji gives the conclusive answers, thereby convincing the sannyasi of the superexcellence of the personal theism of the Vaishnavas. Other characters gradually make their appearance in the novel, and various philosophical discussions take place. This is a very thorough book, touching on practically every major topic of devotional life, and Bhaktivinoda has quoted profuse scriptural passages to support his conclusions. Complete in 40 chapters, this book has become very popular with the general public not only for its story format, but because it has been composed in very simple language that enables even persons without Sanskrit training to glean the essence of all the revealed scriptures. Some topics covered extensively are: the eternal nature of the soul, the truth of bodily castes, proper conduct of domestic life, historical perspective of eternal religion, methods of the soul's release from material bondage, spontaneous devotional service, the truth of the holy name of the Lord, avoiding offenses unto the name, true name vs. semblance of name, so forth and so on.

Finally, the last 15 chapters of Jaiva Dharma treat the subject of transcendental rasa very elaborately. Two sincere devotees named Vijaya Kumara and Vraja-natha approach Prema dasa Babaji with many esoteric questions, and together they all discuss the nature of ecstatic symptoms, divine emotions, affection for the Lord in neutrality, servitude, friendship, parenthood and conjugal love. Vijaya-kumara, who wishes to be further instructed in the conjugal mellow, is directed by Premadasa Babaji to proceed to Jagannath Puri and receive the audience of Gopala Guru Goswami, a disciple of Svarupa Damodara Goswami. From him he learns about Krishna's role as the Supreme Hero, Radha's role as the Supreme Heroine, descriptions of Radha's girlfriends, stimulants for ecstatic love, the Lord's pastimes conducted throughout eight periods of the day, varieties of enjoyments shared by the Divine Couple, techniques to be used by a devotee in order to enter into these eternal pastimes, so forth and so on. The book ends with a description of how the two devotees Vraja-natha and Vijaya attain the ultimate goal of life-they take the teachings of the Babaji to heart, give up all worldly attachments and simply worship the Lord within their heart of hearts all throughout their days and nights, with Vraja-natha on the banks of the Ganga in Shridhama Mayapura and Vijaya-kumara in a secluded cottage near the Puri seashore. Following along the Lord's daily pastimes, they remain absorbed in ecstatic love for Him until they finally drop their mortal frames and happily go back to Godhead.

1893

Tattva-sutram

(Aphorisms of the Truth)

Composed in 50 concise Sanskrit aphorisms divided into 5 chapters. Bhaktivinoda gives a Sanskrit commentary on each verse, plus an elaborate Bengali commentary. The five divisions are:

(1) The Truth of the Lord and His Creation

(2) The Truth of His Conscious Portions (Souls)

(3) The Truth of His Temporary Portion (The Material World)

(4) The Truth of the Relationship Between the Lord and His Creation

(5) The Truth Regarding Devotional Principles.

 

All the conclusions presented in this book are supported by profuse quotations from the Upanishads, the Puranas, Bhagavad-gita, Narada-pancaratra, and many other scriptures.

1894

Vedarka-didhiti

(A Ray of the Sun of the Vedas)

A Sanskrit commentary on the famous Ishopanishad found in the Vajasaneya Samhita portion of the Shukla Yajur Veda. This commentary by Bhaktivinoda Thakura was published along with the Sanskrit explanation of Shrila Baladeva Vidya-bhushana called Ishopanishad-bhashyam (An Explanation of Ishopanishad). Also included were the notes of Bhaktivinoda's friend, Shriyukta Shyamalal Goswami Siddhanta Vacaspati, entitled Ishopanishad Bhashya-rahasya-vivriti (The Purport of the Inner Secrets of the Explanation of Ishopanishad), plus Shyamalal Goswami's Bengali clarification of the Ishopanishad called Siddhantanuvada (Translation of the Truth).

1894

Tattva-muktavali

(A Pearl Necklace of Truths)

Subtitled: Mayavada-shata-dusini

(A Hundred Refutations of the Impersonalists)

119 Sanskrit verses composed by Shripad Madhvacarya which refute the impersonal Advaita Vedanta philosophy that was spread all over India by Shankaracarya. These verses are at times quite amusing as they pierce the shroud of Mayavadi misconceptions with amazing, common-sense logic. Thakura Bhaktivinoda had it published with his own Bengali prose translations for each verse. Shri Madhvacarya composed this book in such a way that anyone who reads it will never fall victim to the fallacy of the Lord's so-called impersonal nature. By citing various scriptures, by offering sound reasonings, and by employing a surprising style of common sense, Shri Madhvacarya positively establishes the Lord's eternal personal identity.

1895

Amrita-pravaha-bhashya

(The Commentary That Flows with Nectar)

A Bengali commentary on Krishna dasa Kaviraja Goswami's Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita. Bhaktivinoda begins and ends this commentary with devotional Bengali lyrics, and the body of the commentary is composed in prose. At the beginning of each of the 62 chapters of Chaitanya-caritamrita, he has included chapter summaries, and in the course of the running text, he has quoted both ancient scriptures and additional commentaries by more recent acaryas.

1895

Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latika

(The Desire-Creeper of Devotion to Lord Hari)

A Sanskrit work on pure devotion by an unknown Vaishnava author. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit text only. He found a manuscript of this book while he was living in Jagannath Puri. Although the authorship was not known, Bhaktivinoda appreciated the purely devotional quality of the text. The book is like a creeper of devotion, and this creeper is subsequently divided into thirteen sections called 'clusters'. Describing the nine processes of devotional service, headed by hearing and chanting, the book concludes with a detailed description of the character of a devotee who has attained transcendence by the faithful practice of these means.

1895

Shodasha Grantha

(Sixteen Books)

A collection of sixteen small Sanskrit works written by Shri Vallabhacarya, a prominent acarya who lived during Lord Chaitanya's time. Original Sanskrit text edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda.

1895

Shri Gauranga-stava-kalpataru

(A Desire-Tree Prayer To Lord Gauranga)

A twelve verse poem in Sanskrit from Shrila Raghunath Das Goswami's Stavavali. Sanskrit text edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda, this prayer describes Lord Chaitanya's inconceivable ecstatic bodily transformations that were manifested in His later years at Jagannath Puri. The author begs that the vision of these ecstatic transformations may perpetually awaken in his heart.

1895

Manah-santoshani

(She Who Pleases The Mind)

A Bengali verse translation of a Sanskrit work called Shri Krishna Caitanyodayavali by Pradyumna Mishra, a close relative of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The author of this translation, Shri Jagajjivan Mishra, is the eighth descendant of Pradyumna Mishra, the older brother of Shri Chaitanya's father Jagannath Mishra. Bengali text edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda.

1895

Mukunda-mala Stotram

(A Garland of Prayers to Lord Mukunda)

A devotional Sanskrit work from South India by one of the twelve Alvars, King Kulashekhara, edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda. Composed in 62 verses, the prayer glorifies the Lord's transcendental position, begging for humble menial service eternally at the Lord's lotus feet.

1895

Shri Lakshmi-carita

(The Life and Character of the Goddess of Fortune)

A short work in Bengali verse by Shri Maladhar Vasu (Gunaraj Khan), the renowned author of Shri Krishna-vijaya (the first Bengali book). Original text edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda.

1895

Bala-Krishna-sahasra-nama

(A Thousand Names of Baby Krishna)

Gopala-sahasra-nama

(A Thousand Names of Cowherd Boy Krishna) Krishnashottara-shata-nama

(108 Names of Krishna)

Radhika-sahasra-nama

(A Thousand Names of Shri Radhika)

Four different nama-stotras excerpted from the Narada-pancaratra. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit text only. He printed this little nectar book for use by the devotees who liked to chant these verses as a regular daily practice.

1895

Shriman-Mahaprabhor-Asha-kaliya-lila-smarana-mangala-stotram

(The Auspicious Prayer for Remembrance of Lord Chaitanya's Pastimes Throughout Eight Periods of the Day)

An 11 verse Sanskrit poem on the pastimes of Shri Chaitanya by an unknown Vaishnava author, edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda. This prayer is intended to facilitate the daily worship of devotees who follow Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as He relishes the moods of Shri Shri Radha-Krishna's pastimes conducted through the eight periods of the day.

1896

Shri Gauranga-lila-smarana-mangala-stotram

(The Auspicious Prayer for Remembrance of Lord Chaitanya's Pastimes)

104 original Sanskrit verses giving a condensed description of all the most important pastimes and teachings of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu that are found in Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata and Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita. Bhaktivinoda composed this book to fulfill the requests of devotees who asked for something they could chant every day for Lord Chaitanya's glorification. He included in the beginning of the book a famous 47-page introduction in English prose entitled Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu: His Life and Precepts. This introduction summarizes the contents of the book's Sanskrit verses. Accompanying the Sanskrit verses is a Sanskrit commentary entitled Vikashini Tika (Revealing Notes) by the renowned pandit of Navadvipa, Maha-mahopadhyaya Shitikanha Vacaspati. It was this book which Bhaktivinoda sent to a University in Canada in 1896, the auspicious year of the birth of Shrila Prabhupada, thereby introducing the glories of Lord Chaitanya to the Western world for the first time.

1896

Shri Ramanuja-upadesha

(The Teachings of Ramanuja)

Sanskrit verses explaining the philosophy of Ramanujacarya, with Thakura Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali translation.

1896

Artha-pancaka

(Five Meanings)

Thakura Bhaktivinoda's explanatory notes in Bengali on Shri Pillai Lokacarya's famous book of the same name, in which five principal points of Ramanuja's philosophy are explained at length.

1896

Sva-likhita Jivani

(Autobiography)

This book is a 200-page Bengali prose letter which Bhaktivinoda wrote to his son, Lalita Prasad Datta, in response to a request for details of his father's personal life. Lalita Prasad had the book published so that those who knew and loved his father could read and relish it. Bhaktivinoda warned in the beginning of the letter that no one should misuse this information, a warning that was repeated in the publisher's preface. The work is an intimate revelation of Bhaktivinoda's mind, covering such topics as: the time and place of his birth, early childhood remembrances, descriptions of his grandparents, the prosperity and happiness of all the townspeople in Ula, stories of his schooldays, boyhood mischief, early religious revelations, college studies, the deaths of his father and several siblings, his studies of world religions, his lectures in Calcutta, how he began to write books, his first ecstatic trip to Vrindavana, his enthusiasm for hearing of the glories of Lord Chaitanya, his studies of the Goswami's literature in Jagannath Puri while serving as chief magistrate there, his chastisement of false devotees, the births of his many sons and daughters, his composing of many devotional literatures in English, Sanskrit and Bengali, the shifting of his headquarters back to Calcutta and eventually to the island of Godruma in Nadiya, his preaching of the glories of the holy name in public by various means, his discovery of Lord Chaitanya's birthplace and founding of a temple there in Mayapur, and so forth.

1897

Brahma-samhita

(The Treatise Spoken By Lord Brahma)

This ancient book, actually only the fifth chapter of one hundred, was acquired by Lord Chaitanya on his travels in South India. It is Lord Brahma's personal account of his birth, his penances, his realization of the spiritual world, and his revelation of Lord Vishnu's wish for him to create the material cosmos. In the ninth chapter of the Chaitanya-caritamrita's Madhya-lila, Shrila Prabhupada gives the following summary of the book's contents:

"The Brahma-samhita is a very important scripture. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu acquired the Fifth Chapter from the Adi-Keshava temple. In that Fifth Chapter, the philosophical conclusion of acintya-bhedabheda-tattva (simultaneous oneness and difference) is presented. The chapter also presents methods of devotional service, the eighteen-syllable Vedic hymn, discourses on the soul, the Supersoul and fruitive activity, an explanation of kama-gayatri, kama-bija and the original Maha-Vishnu, and a description of the spiritual world, specifically Goloka Vrindavana. Brahma-samhita also expounds on the demigod Ganesha, the Garbhodakashayi Vishnu, the origin of the gayatri-mantra, the form of Govinda and His transcendental position and abode, the living entities, the highest goal, the goddess Durga, the meaning of austerity, the five gross elements, love of Godhead, impersonal Brahman, the initiation of Lord Brahma, and the vision of transcendental love enabling one to see the Lord. The steps of devotional service are also explained. The mind, yoga-nidra, the goddess of fortune, devotional service in spontaneous ecstasy, incarnations beginning with Lord Ramacandra, Deities, the conditioned soul and its duties, the truth about Lord Vishnu, prayers, Vedic hymns, Lord Shiva, Vedic literature, personalism and impersonalism, good behavior and many other subjects are also discussed. There is also a description of the sun and the universal forms of the Lord. All these subjects are conclusively explained in a nutshell in this Brahma-samhita."

This book was edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit verses, Shrila Jiva Goswami's Sanskrit commentary, and Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali introduction, Bengali prose translations and Bengali commentary called Prakashini (She Who Illuminates).

1898

Shri Krishna-karnamrita

(Nectar for the Ears of Shri Krishna)

A famous Sanskrit book of ecstatic prayers and revelations of Krishna conscious moods and pastimes written by Shri Bilvamangala Thakura (Lilashuka). This book was also collected by Lord Chaitanya on his travels in South India. Published and edited by Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit verses, the Sanskrit commentary by Chaitanya Dasa Goswami (the older brother of Kavi Karnapur) called Bala-bodhini Tika, and Bhaktivinoda's own introduction, final summary and Bengali prose translations of the verses. In the ninth chapter of the Chaitanya-caritamrita's Madhya-lila, Shrila Prabhupada comments:

"This book was composed by Bilvamangala Thakura in 112 verses. There are two or three other books bearing the same name, and there are also two commentaries on Bilvamangala's book. One commentary was written by Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami and the other by Chaitanya Dasa Goswami." In verses 305-309 of the above-quoted section of Chaitanya-caritamrita, Shrila Kaviraja Goswami has written:

"The brahmana community there was composed of pure devotees, who regularly studied a book entitled Krishna-karnamrita, which was composed by Bilvamangala Thakura. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased to hear the book Krishna-karnamrita, and with great eagerness He had it copied and took it with Him. There is no comparison to Krishna-karnamrita in the three worlds. By studying this book, one is elevated to the knowledge of pure devotional service to Krishna. One who constantly reads Krishna-karnamrita can fully understand the beauty and melodious taste of the pastimes of Lord Krishna. The Brahma-samhita and Krishna-karnamrita were two books that Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu considered to be most valuable jewels. Therefore He took them with Him on His return trip."

1898

Piyusha-varshini-vritti

(The Explanation That Showers Ambrosia)

Bengali commentary on Shrila Rupa Goswami's Upadeshamrita (The Nectar of Instruction). Bhaktivinoda published this book with Rupa Goswami's original eleven Sanskrit verses accompanied by his own Bengali prose explanations.

1898

Shrimad Bhagavad-Gita

(The Song of God)

This edition was published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit commentary Dvaita-bhashyam (Explanation of Supreme Duality) by Shripad Madhvacarya.

1898

Shri Goloka-mahatmyam

(The Glories of Goloka Vrindavana)

Part Two of Sanatana Goswami's Brihad-bhagavatamritam, edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit text and his own Bengali translations of the verses. This book describes in seven chapters the travels of an ecstatic devotee named Shri Gopa-kumara. In searching for the supreme truth this devoted and simple cowherd boy from Govardhana is led on an incredible journey throughout all the higher planetary systems of the material universe as well as those of the transcendental spiritual worlds. The various deities of Vaikunha successively direct him higher and higher until he finally reaches Shri Shri Radha-Krishna's abode in Goloka Vrindavana, the topmost spiritual planet, where he sports eternally with Krishna and the cowherd boys.

1899

The Hindu Idols

A thirty-two page English letter written to the Tract Society of Calcutta. Apparently in their periodical they had published an article entitled "Prof. Max Muller on Durga", in which Kali, Durga and Shiva were slandered from the Christian viewpoint. So Bhaktivinoda wrote this exhaustive response, quoting from the Vedas and Puranas on the true identity of the personalities in question. He concludes by assuming the proper Christian attitude of universal love, which is devoid of sectarian dogmatism, and humbly begs the reverend gentlemen of the Tract Society to give up their philosophical inconsistencies.

1899

Shri Bhajanamrita

(The Nectar of Worship)

A treatise on pure devotion to the Supreme Lord written in Sanskrit prose by Shrila Narahari Sarakara Thakura, a contemporary and intimate associate of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali translation.

1899

Shri Navadvipa-bhava-taranga

(Waves of Ecstatic Moods in Navadvipa)

168 Bengali verses describing the different transcendental places in the 32 square mile area of Navadvipa, as seen through the perfected devotional eyes of a God-realized soul. In this book Thakura Bhaktivinoda does not see the land of Navadvipa as a mundane historical place of this world but sees it as the ishodyana or transcendental garden of Lord Chaitanya. Bhaktivinoda describes various pastimes that Shri Gauranga enjoys on different islands at different times of day in the transcendental realm. At the conclusion of this divine vision, he falls unconscious and attains the samadhi of full realization of his own eternal gopi form. Some of Radha's personal maidservants take him by the hand and engage him in eternal personal service to the Divine Couple. Returning to consciousness he remains absorbed as the humble servant of the servant of Lord Chaitanya.

1900

Harinama-cintamani

(The Touchstone of the Name of Hari)

Sivided into 15 chapters and composed in Bengali verse form, this book is an account of Shrila Haridas Thakura's teachings on the holy name. It is actually a conversation between Lord Chaitanya and Haridas-the Lord asks questions about the glories of the holy name, and Haridas gives extensive answers. The first three chapters describe the inconceivable glories of the holy name, the process for accepting the name, and techniques for chanting the name free of impersonalist misconceptions. The 4th through 13th chapters elaborate on the ten offenses against pure chanting. And the last two chapters describe 32 offenses to be avoided in the execution of pure devotional service, as well as an ecstastic discussion on the process of practicing such devotion toward the goal of attaining self-realization in pure ecstatic love of Godhead.

1901

Shrimad Bhagavatarka-marici-mala

(The Sparkling Rays of the Bhagavatam Sun)

In this book Thakura Bhaktivinoda has taken a selection of the most important verses of Shrimad Bhagavatam and arranged them in 20 chapters, called 'rays.' Each Sanskrit verse is accompanied by a Bengali prose translation and explanation by Bhaktivinoda. The Bhagavatam is compared to the brilliant sun, and therefore each particular chapter or ray of Bhagavata sunlight expounds upon a major aspect of Bhagavata philosophy such as sambandha, abhidheya, prayojana, and so forth.

1901

Padma Purana

Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the complete 55,000-verse Sanskrit text only. At the time, there were many conflicting manuscripts of the Padma Purana available in the libraries, and many were incomplete. So Bhaktivinoda did extensive research to compile one truly complete manuscript of this huge ancient scripture. This became the definitive edition for scholars and devotees alike.

1901

Sankalpa-kalpadruma

(The Desire-Tree of Resolute Wishes)

A book of 104 Sanskrit verses on the divine pastimes of Shri Shri Radha-Krishna originally composed by Shrila Vishvanatha Cakravarti Thakura. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translations. These verses are the prayer of Vishvanatha Cakravarti to Shrimati Radharani, begging for eternal service as Her humble maidservant. In the course of this prayer, the author describes the ecstatic daily pastimes of the Divine Couple, and in this description he appeals to Shri Radha for the benediction of being allowed to render specific personal services. Expressing determined resolutions for attaining this service, he finally appeals to other personal maidservants, inhabitants, and features of Vrindavana, and even his own mind, beseeching all for the fulfillment of his most cherished desires.

1902

Bhajana-rahasya

(Secrets of Confidential Worship)

Compiled by Thakura Bhaktivinoda as a supplement to his Hari-nama-cintamani, this Bhajana-rahasya is arranged in eight chapters, and the chanting of each chapter is to be observed during each three hour period of the twenty-four hour day. Each chapter corresponds to one verse of Shri Chaitanya's Shikshashaka, and explains one of the eight levels of advancement in the gradual development of Krishna-bhajan, from primary shraddha to ultimate prema, as is enunciated by Shrila Rupa Goswami in his Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu. All the chapters are filled with scriptural citations in Sanskrit, uniquely explaining the philosophy of Krishna-bhajan and its practice. Each Sanskrit verse is accompanied by the Thakura's own Bengali translation in verse.

1904

Sat-kriya-sara-dipika

(Illuminations on the Essence of Rituals to be Performed by Devotees)

With the appendix: Samskara-dipika

(Illuminations on Purificatory Ceremonies)

A small Sanskrit work by Shrila Gopala Bhaa Goswami, extracted from the Hari-bhakti-vilasa, on the philosophy and ritualistic practice of Vedic samskara ceremonies (rites of purification) for Gaudiya Vaishnava householders. It also contains the ritualistic codes and institutes for Gaudiya Vaishnava mendicants. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translation.

1906

Prema-vivarta

(Crooked Manifestations of Ecstatic Love)

A book by Jagadananda Pandit in Bengali verse on Shri Chaitanya's philosophy of divine love and the holy name. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda, this book describes the unique flavor of apparently contrary love that was shared between Lord Chaitanya and his confidential devotee Jagadananda Pandit. Also treated are many other subjects such as the glories of the Lord's devotees, different types of engagements due to different types of devotees, and an exposition on the secret mysteries of the holy name.

1907

Sva-niyama-dvadashakam

Twelve Verses of Self-Imposed Vows)

This is the last literary work of Bhaktivinoda Thakura, composed shortly before he shut himself up in his beach-front cottage at Jagannatha Puri. There he worshiped the Lord whole-heartedly, keeping in mind the regulative principles he outlined for himself in this Sva-niyama-dvadashakam. This prayer follows along the mood of a prayer of Raghunatha Dasa Goswami entitled Sva-niyama-dashakam (Ten Verses of Self-Imposed Vows), and is similarly meant to be chanted and meditated on as a regular daily function. Some topics treated by Bhaktivinoda are: his objects of devotion birth after birth, rejection of things unfavorable for Shri Shri Radha-Krishna's eternal service, acceptance of favorable practices and devotional qualities, how to live simply and perform Vraja-bhajan, repulsion of things that are unrelated to Shri Radhika, how to avoid so-called devotees who proudly neglect Shri Radhika, how to worship the lotus feet of Her pure devotee, and finally-firm determination to transcend maya by reading this prayer every day. The piece ends with a thirteenth verse which assures the reader of attaining the benediction of eternal service to the Divine Couple as a result of reading or reciting this offering. Although the Sanskrit verses and Bengali prose translations were completed by Bhaktivinoda, he never finished a Bengali prose commentary on his last work, these "Twelve Verses of Self-Imposed Vows."

 

This listing has been greatly expanded and updated, resulting in the most complete listing of the Thakura's writings currently available. It is interesting to note the extent of Bhaktivinoda's attention as far as various sampradayas are concerned. For example, he reprinted books of Madhvacarya, he went to great lengths to compose and print books on the philosophy of Ramanujacarya, and he also reprinted certain writings of Vallabhacarya.

The Literary Works of hkura Bhaktivinoda (1838-1914)

TaTaTaTaThe Literary Works of hkura Bhaktivinoda (1838-1914)

1849
Ul-ca-mhtmya

dnidnidnidniBengali verses composed by Bhaktivinoda at the tender age of 11 years old, glorifying the deity of goddess Ul-ca in Ul, Birnagar, the town of his birth.

1850
Hari-kath

(Topics of Lord Hari)-a poem in Bengali.

1850
Ll-krtana

(Glorification of the Lord's Pastimes)-a poem in Bengali.

1851
umbha-Niumbha-Yuddha
(The Battle With umbha and Niumbha)

ShshShshShshShshBengali verses about the famous ancient battle between goddess Durg and two demons.

1855
Articles

Contributions of articles to various regional and national periodicals and magazines commenced from this year.

1857
Poriade

Part One-a poem in classical English about the wanderings of Porus, who fought Alexander the Great in the pre-Christian era.

1858
Poriade Part Two

The second of what was planned to be a twelve-part series, but which was never completed. Still, these two volumes constitute an epic composition.

1860
Mahs of Orissa

English prose narratives about the various temples, monasteries and holy shrines in Orissa which were visited on pilgrimage by hkura Bhaktivinoda.

1863
Vijana-grma
(The Deserted Village)

Bhaktivinoda's description of his affectionate return to the beautiful village of Ul (his birthplace). However, to his horror he finds the population of the town practically wiped out by cholera. Viewing the devastation of this once-thriving community, Bhaktivinoda feels an increase in his disgust for the material world of birth and death, as realized in his higher spiritual awareness. Composed in unmetered rhyming Bengali poetry.

1863
Sannys
(The Renounced Monk)

an intricately detailed story of the adventures of a young sannys traveling throughout ancient India and abroad. The narrative is naturally full of important spiritual lessons. Composed in unmetered rhyming Bengali poetry, similar to Vijana-grma.

1863
Our Wants

An essay in English prose.

1866
Balide Registry

A manual of the Government Registration Department translated by hkura Bhaktivinoda into Urdu.

1866
Speech on Gautama

A lecture in English about Gautama Muni and the philosophy of nyya (logic), delivered before a philosophical gathering at Chapra in the state of Bihar.

1868
Sac-cid-nanda-premlakara
(Decorations of Pure Ecstatic Love Abounding in Eternity, Knowledge and Bliss)

nnnnA poem in Bengali on the glories of r Chaitanya Mahprabhu. Bhaktivinoda composed this after reading the Chaitanya-caritmrita for the first time, an experience which greatly fired his enthusiasm for spreading Lord Chaitanya's mission.

1869
The Bhgavat:
Its Philosophy, Its Ethics, and Its Theology

A lecture in English on the rmad-Bhgavatam, delivered at Dinajpur in West Bengal. Some topics covered are: what Bhgavatam really is, how Lord Chaitanya preached the Bhgavatam, the three great truths of absolute religion (sambandha, abidheya, and prayojana), my as a akti of the omnipotent Lord, the duty of man to God, the superiority of the Bhgavatam in synthesizing all sorts of theistic worship systems, and cultivation of the methods of bhakti.

1870
Garbha-stotra-vykh
(Purport of the Garbha-stotra), or Sambandha-tattva-candrik
(A Moonbeam of the Truth of Eternal Relationship)

A commentary in Bengali prose on the Garbha-stotra (Prayers by the Demigods to r Krisha in the Womb) from the second chapter of the tenth canto of rmad-Bhgavatam.

1871
Reflections

A poem in English.

1871
hkur Harids

Ten English verses about the disappearance of Nmcrya rla Harids hkur, which are engraved in marble on the samdhi tomb of Harids by the seashore at JagannthaPur.

1871
The Temple of Jaganntha at Pur

An English prose essay describing the history of the establishment of the great temple in Pur, Orissa. This piece also addresses the hypocrisy of temple priests as opposed to sincere devotional worship in pure love of God.

1871
The khars in Pur

AAAAEnglish critical expos on certain Vaishava monasteries in Jaganntha Pur. Apparently these places were kept by temple priests for meetings where intoxication and other questionable activities were indulged.

1871
The Personality of Godhead

An essay in English prose.

1871
Sragrh Vaiava
(The Devotee Who Grasps the Essence)

shshshshA 22 verse English poem describing the mood of a devotee who knows how to remain aloof from gross worldly attractions while extracting the essence of Kria Consciousness everywhere and in everything.

1871
A Beacon Light

English prose.

1871
To Love God

A short English article describing bhakti (love) as the religion of the soul. The piece is based on Christ Jesus' teaching "Love God with all thy heart, with all thy mind, and with all thy strength, and love man as thy brother."

1871
The Attibaris of Orissa

A long letter in English to the editors of the "Progress", exposing a questionable sect of pseudo-Vaiavas popular in Orissa.

1871
The Marriage System of Bengal

An English article detailing Hindu marriage customs and their deplorable forms. He gives historical outlines of various types of traditional marriages, and expresses some sympathy for the women subjected to the inhumane marital practices of certain groups in Bengal.

1872
Vedntdhikaraa-ml
(A Garland of Chapters on Vednta)

A compilation of Sanskrit verses on Vednta philosophy, with Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali translations and explanations.

1873
Datta-kaustubha
(The Kaustubha Gem of the Datta Family)

104 Sanskrit verses on Vaiava philosophy composed by hkura Bhaktivinoda, including his own Sanskrit prose commentary.

1876
Datta-vaa-ml
(The Garland of the Datta Lineage)

mmmmSanskrit verses giving a genealogical description of the Datta family of Bali Samaj. Since he was born Kedarnath Datta, this is a chronicle of Bhaktivinoda's own family tree.

1878
Bauddha-vijaya-kvyam
(Poems on the Defeat of Buddhism)

Sanskrit verses soundly defeating the atheistic philosophy of Buddhism, point for point.

1880
r Ka-sahit

ririririAn amazing and revolutionary treatise on the science of Lord Ka, His pastimes and His devotees. This book contains an 83-page introduction in which hkura Bhaktivinoda discusses the philosophy and development of Indian religion from a historical and geographical viewpoint. Then, in the actual Sahit portion of the book, he has composed 281 Sanskrit verses and divided them into 10 chapters which deal with descriptions of the spiritual world, the multifarious energies of the Lord, His incarnations, astonishing aspects of His pastimes, descriptions of how Lord Ka removes specific demonic obstacles in order for His devotees to attain the mood of Vraja, and a detailed analysis of the character of one who has attained Ka's association, etc. Accompanying the Sanskrit verses are Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translations and explanations. At the end of the book, the hkura gives a 50-page Conclusion in which religious philosophy is discussed in terms of the principles of sambandha, abhidheya and prayojana. He describes that all of his unique conclusions were revealed to him while in a deep spiritual trance.

1881
Kalya Kalpa-taru
(The Desire-Tree of Auspiciousness)

A songbook of 63 Bengali songs describing a desire-tree that Bhaktivinoda had brought directly from the spiritual world. Its trunk is divided into three branches called (1) Upadea (spiritual advice), (2) Upalabdhi (attainment of realization of the advice), and (3) Ucchvsa (resultant overflowing spiritual emotions). In these ecstatic devotional songs, the hkura gives an eyewitness account of the actual transcendental emotions that come into play as the natural result of committing one's life and soul to r r Gaura-Niti. Then he describes the final result of receiving the mercy of Lord Chaitanya-entrance into the confidential daily pastimes of r r Rdh-Mdhava. This songbook became immediately popular upon its publication, and its songs were sung by devotees with great enthusiasm.

1881
Sajjana-toa
(She Who Pleases the Saintly Persons)

This was a monthly Vaiava periodical in the Bengali language which Bhaktivinoda began to edit and publish commencing from the year 1881 and continuing for 17 volumes.

1883
Review of the Sanskrit book
"Nitya-rpa-sasthpanam"
("Proof of the Lord's Eternal Form")

uuuuThis book was composed in Sanskrit by Bhaktivinoda's contemporary named Pait Upendra Mohan Goswm Nyya-ratna, and it gives many sound arguments culled from many scriptures to prove the eternal nature of the Lord's Deity-form. Bhaktivinoda presented an English prose summary in a contemporary format outlining some of the main points, urging his readers to read the book in the original Sanskrit.

1885
Viva-vaiava-kalpa-tavi
(The Desire-Tree of the Universal Vaiavas)

A small booklet published in order to acquaint the public with the functions and aims of a spiritual society he personally organized in Calcutta, called the r Viva Vaiava Sabh (The Association of Universal Vaiavas).

1886
rmad Bhagavad-gt
(The Song of God)

The most famous of classical Sanskrit religious texts; Bhaktivinoda published a rare manuscript of it that included the Sanskrit commentary of rla Vivantha Cakravart hkura entitled Srrtha-vari (She who showers the essence of the intrinsic meaning). The elaborate introduction in Bengali was written by Bhaktivinoda, and for each Sanskrit verse of the Gt he composed his own Bengali translation-commentary entitled Rasika-ranjana (That which pleases the relishers of mellows).

1886
r Caitanya-iksmta
(The Nectarean Teachings of r Caitanya)

ChaitanyaChaitanyaChaitanyaChaitanyaA philosophical work in Bengali prose which is meant to show exactly how the teachings of Lord Caitanya are to be applied in the modern world. This includes the perfectly non-envious bridging of the gaps between all the world's major religions. These nectarean teachings, based on Lord Caitanya's instructions to Rpa and Santana Goswm as found in the Caitanya-caritmta, are just like a shower of pure nectar, and therefore the book is divided into 8 "showers", each of these being subdivided into "downpours". The 8 "showers" are listed as follows:

(1) Ascertainment of the Topmost Religion

(2) Secondary Duties, or Religious Activities

(3) Primary Duties, or Regulative Devotional Service

(4) Discussions on Spontaneous Devotional Service

(5) Discussions on Ecstatic Devotional Service

(6) Discussions on Devotional Service in Pure Love of God

(7) Discussions on Transcendental Mellow

(8) Conclusion.

1886
Sanmodana-bhyam
(The Commentary That Gives Pleasure to the Virtuous)

A comprehensive Sanskrit commentary on r Caitanya Mahprabhu's 8 verses of instruction named ikaka. Bhaktivinoda also includes a Bengali song for each verse that paraphrases and expands on Lord Caitanya's devotional moods.

1886
Bhajana-darpaa-bhya
(A Mirror Which Reflects the Purport of Devotional Worship)

A Sanskrit commentary on rla Raghuntha dsa Goswm's 12-verse Sanskrit prayer entitled Manah-ik (Instructions to the Mind). Bhaktivinoda also included his Bengali song translation/commentary of each verse, meant to be sung regularly by devotees.

1886
Daopaniad-crik
(A Particle of Dust from Ten Upaniads)

A book of Bengali prose containing essential information gleaned from the 10 principle Upaniads (out of 108).

1886
Bhvval
(A Series of Ecstasies)

Sanskrit verses on the subject of rasa written by different Vaiava cryas of the highest order, compiled by hkura Bhaktivinoda and published along with his own Bengali song translations.

1886
Prema-pradpa
(A Torchlamp of Divine Love)

A philosophical Vaiava novel written in Bengali prose. The basic plot is that three men from Calcutta travel to Vndvana in order to meet a Vaiava (who is also a mystic yog), with the intention of learning the transcendental science from him. Two of the men (who were impersonalists) gradually become convinced of devotion unto the Supreme Lord, whereas the third gets misled by the mystic yoga process, thus cheating himself of the rare treasure of ecstatic love for Lord Ka. The book is composed in 10 chapters, called "rays of light".

1886
r Viu-sahasra-nma-stotram
(The Thousand Names of Lord Viu)

Originally part of the Mah-Bhrata, this prayer was published by the hkura along with the Sanskrit commentary of rla Baladeva Vidy-bhaa entitled Nmrtha-sudh (The Nectar of the Meaning of the Names).

1887
r Ka-vijaya
(Lord Ka's Glorious Victory)

A famous Bengali verse epic on the pastimes of r Ka, written in the early 1470's by Mldhara Vasu (Guarj Khn.) This book, written in a simple folk style, was not only renowned for being the first volume of Bengali literature ever published, but was one of r Caitanya Mahprabhu's favorite books. Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with his own introduction in Bengali.

1887
r Caitanyopaniad
(part of the Atharva Veda)

An Upaniadic treatise in Sanskrit dealing with r Ka's appearance as the great preacher of love of Godhead, r Caitanya Mahprabhu. These 19 verses were edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with his own Sanskrit commentary called r Caitanya-caramta (The Nectar of the Lotus Feet of Lord Caitanya), and Madhusdana Dsa's Bengali translation of the original Sanskrit verses called Amta-bindu (A Drop of Nectar).

1888
Vaiava-siddhnta-ml
(A Garland of Vaiava Truths)

A Bengali prose work that gives a crystallization of all the basic tenets of Gauya Vaiava philosophy. Bhaktivinoda intended this book to be read by the general public, therefore it is composed in simple, straightforward language. Some topics covered are: acceptance of a bona fide spiritual master, chanting of the holy names without offenses, regular practice of krtan, and so forth. The first chapter is in the form of instructive questions and answers on foundational spiritual topics.

1890
mnya-stram
(The Codes of Vedic Knowledge)

A classical Sanskrit composition based on the Upaniads, presented in the traditional style as 130 aphorisms, plus a short commentary on each aphorism in Sanskrit, quoted from various ancient scriptures. Bhaktivinoda also gives his own Bengali translation called the Laghu-bhya (Brief Explanation). This book helps the aspirants in easily engaging their lives in devotional practices by presenting very simple statements of transcendental truths. The 130 aphorisms are divided into 16 extremely condensed and irrefutable chapters.

1890
r Navadvpa-dhma-mhtmyam
(The Glories of the Abode of Navadvpa)
Parikram-khaa
(The Canto Describing the Tour)

18 chapters of Bengali verse in which Bhaktivinoda describes the complete tour of the nine islands of Navadvpa that was traversed by Lord Nitynanda. Taking the young rla Jva Goswm along, Lord Nitynanda Prabhu points out all the different places of pilgrimage and tells the stories behind those sacred sites.

1890
r Navadvpa-dhma-mhtmyam
(The Glories of the Abode of Navadvpa)
Prama-khaa
(The Canto Describing the Scriptural References)

Five chapters of amazing quotes from many different Vedic scriptures, Puras and Sahits that glorify the holy land of Navadvpa. The Sanskrit verses are accompanied by Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translations.

1890
Siddhnta-darpaam
(The Mirror of Truth)

A philosophical Sanskrit work by rla Baladeva Vidy-bhaa, edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translations. Bhaktivinoda liked this book very much because it establishes, by quoting from many scriptures, that the rmad Bhgavatam is the crown jewel of all the Puras.

1891
rmad Bhagavad-Gt
(The Song of God)

Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with rla Baladeva Vidy-bhaa's Sanskrit commentary called Gt-bhaa (A Decoration of the Gt), and his own Bengali translation-commentary called Vidvad-ranjana (That Which Pleases the Wise).

1891
r Godruma Kalpatavi
(The Desire-tree Grove of the Island of Godruma)

A collection of Bhaktivinoda's Bengali essays describing his program of Nm Haa, or the Marketplace of the Holy Name. He describes the different characters of the marketplace, how the holy names are purchased, various posts in the market, and qualifications of the participants. Included are reports of a number of Bhaktivinoda's actual preaching programs.

1892
r Hari-nma
(The Holy Name of Lord Hari)

The second chapter of Vaiava-siddhnta-ml, excerpted and published in pamphlet form. This was used for public distribution by Bhaktivinoda in connection with his program of Nm Haa (the Marketplace of the Holy Name). This pamphlet describes the transcendental glories of the holy names, quoting from various scriptures, plus explanations of these quotes as given by various Vaiava cryas. It also lists and expounds on the ten offenses against the chanting of the holy names.

1892
r Nma
(The Holy Name)

The third chapter of Vaiava-siddhnta-ml, excerpted and published in pamphlet form, also used by Bhaktivinoda for distribution during his public Nm Haa programs. This work begins with a short introduction, then it has 100 names of Lord Caitanya arranged in 8 songs meant to be sung in krtan, followed by three more songs of Lord Caitanya's glories. Finally, there is a Bengali prose essay entitled "r r Godruma-candra's Order", which expounds on the sacred command that Lord Caitanya gave to all His devotees (as described in the Caitanya-bhgavat, Madhya-ll, chapter 13-bolo ka, bhaja ka, koro ka-ik-"Going to each and every house, just beg like this-'Chant Ka, worship Ka, and follow Ka's instructions.'" Then Bhaktivinoda quotes from the seventh chapter of the eleventh canto of rmad Bhgavatam in which Nrada Muni tells Mahrja Yudhihra about the thirty good qualities that are naturally manifest in the character of religious persons.

1892
r Nma-tattva-ikaka
(Eight Verses of Instruction Regarding the Truth of the Holy Name of the Lord)

The fourth chapter of Vaiava-siddhnta-ml, similarly excerpted by Bhaktivinoda and published as a pamphlet. This chapter systematically presents each of the eight verses of instruction written by Lord Caitanya, called ikakam. First is the original Sanskrit verse, then Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translation, then Bhaktivinoda's expanded Bengali song. After presenting all eight verses in this manner, Bhaktivinoda then concludes with several more songs of instructions to the people, begging them to instill their hearts with these nectarean teachings of Lord Caitanya.

1892
r Nma-mahim
(The Glories of the Holy Name)

The fifth chapter of Vaiava-siddhnta-ml, printed as above in pamphlet form. After a brief introduction, Bhaktivinoda presents an eight-verse Sanskrit prayer composed by rla Rpa Goswm called r Nmakam, which concisely describes the glories of the holy name of the Lord. Accompanying each verse is Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translation as well as expanded Bengali song. Then he concludes with three more songs which glorify many names of Lord Ka, including two Nma Haa songs describing how Lord Caitanya and Lord Nitynanda distributed these names (yaomat-nandana; boro sukher khabor gi; and doyl niti-chaitanya bole nachre mr man).

1892
r Nma-pracra
(The Preaching of the Holy Name)

The sixth chapter of Vaiava-siddhnta-ml, printed as above in pamphlet form. First, the hkura presents an important Bengali song he wrote-nady godrume nitynanda mahjana-giving an elaborate prose purport for each of the four verses. This outlines the principle of jn ahal, the order of the Lord to go out and engage the public in the practice of congregational sakrtan. Then, he presents eleven more songs he wrote for the general public to sing in krtan and bhajan, featuring the gist of Lord Caitanya's teachings.

1892
rman Mahprabhur ik
The Lessons Given by rman Mahprabhu)

A book written by Bhaktivinoda in eleven chapters. In the first chapter, he summarizes r Caitanya's philosophy in ten points (daa mla). Then the following ten chapters fully explain each point individually. All philosophical conclusions are supported with profuse scriptural quotations in Sanskrit, which are accompanied by Bengali prose translations and explanations.

1893
Tattva-viveka
(Knowledge of Transcendental Truths)
Subtitled: Sac-cid-nandnubhti
(Realization of Eternity, Knowledge and Bliss)

In this book, hkura Bhaktivinoda discusses the different precepts of the great Vaiava cryas as compared to the ideas of other famous philosophers, both Oriental and Western. He mentions the Greek philosophers Leucippus, Democritus, Plato and Aristotle; Diderot and Lamettrie of France; Lucretius of Italy; Von Holbach of Germany; Yangchoo of China; Carvaka of India; and Englishmen Mill, Lewis, Paine, Carlyle, Bentham, Combe, and so on. The book is composed of 48 Sanskrit verses, each with an exhaustive Bengali commentary. The First Realization, of 33 verses, is entitled "Realization of Eternity", and the Second Realization, of 15 verses, is entitled "Realization of Eternal Consciouess".

1893
oka-tana
(The Dispelling of Grief)

A small booklet of 13 Bengali songs, which Bhaktivinoda composed between 1888 and 1890. These songs were meant to be sung by the general public, as they describe an ecstatic pastime in Lord Caitanya's life, an incident giving expression to important teachings of transcendental truths. This pastime was mentioned briefly by Vndvana dsa hkura in his r Caitanya-bhgavat, and Bhaktivinoda expanded the narrative very nicely. The basic story runs as follows: Once, during an all-night krtan performed by the Lord in rvsa Paita's courtyard, one of the five sons of rvsa suddenly died within the house due to some disease. All of the household ladies began to cry very loudly in lamentation, which was heard by rvsa as he was chanting and dancing with Lord Caitanya out in the courtyard. Entering the house, rvsa pacified the distressed ladies with sweet spiritual instructions and then returned to the ecstatic krtana as if nothing had happened. In the morning the krtan finally stopped, and Lord Caitanya inquired if anything was wrong in the house, for He was not feeling the typical ecstasy from His all-night krtan. Being informed of the fate of the boy, the Lord became severely afflicted with loving separation and asked that the body be brought out into the courtyard. Then asking the dead boy why he had died, Lord Caitanya manifested the jva soul back into its body, and the boy then spoke many transcendental truths before leaving again. Afterwards, Lord Caitanya accompanied by all the devotees celebrated the funeral ceremony of the boy in great ecstasy, being joined by the personified Ganges River, r Jhnav Dev herself.

1893
aragati
(Abandoned to the Lord's Shelter)

A Bengali songbook of 50 ecstatic songs about the process of purely devoted surrender unto the lotus feet of Lord Ka. This book has become very famous, and its songs are sung daily in hundreds of temples in India as well as around the world. It is based on the six processes of surrender mentioned by rla Rpa Goswm in his Bhakti-rasmta-sindhu. The book is divided as follows: the first part consisting of 32 songs describes the moods of a devotee as he systematically follows the six stages of surrender; then there are 13 songs called Bhajana-llas, or "Eagerness for Worship" (Bengali songs based on rla Rpa Goswm's Sanskrit Upademta, "The Nectar of Instruction"); then 3 songs called Siddhi-llas, "Eagerness for Perfection"; and finally, at the very end of aragati, the hkura concludes the book with two very important songs: first Vijnapti or "Confessions", in which Bhaktivinoda longs for the day when he will be engaged-body, mind and words-in activities of pure devotional service; and the last song is entitled r Nma-mhtmya, or "The Glories of the Holy Name". This song describes the powerful effects of the holy names of the Lord, and how the name takes the devotee back to Godhead.

1893
Gtval
(A Collection of Songs)

A Bengali songbook of 70 rapturous songs which are meant to be sung regularly by devotees. Indeed, many of these songs are part of the daily devotional practice conducted by devotees all over the world. This book begins with 2 Aruodaya Krtanas, or songs to be sung at dawn, when the first reddish tint is seen over the horizon; then there are 4 rati songs, to be sung while worshiping the deities on the altar; then 6 songs describe the devotional moods of honoring the Lord's various food remnants (prasd); 8 songs praise the glories of Nagar Krtan, the chanting of the Lord's holy names while processing around the town on Name-patrol; 4 songs list over 100 different names of r Caitanya Mahprabhu; then 6 songs list 120 names of Lord Ka; 5 more songs chant the glories of Ka's many holy names; 5 songs ascertain the ultimate goal of life (reyo Niraya); 2 songs called Bhajana-Gta instruct the dull mind how to worship the Lord properly; 8 songs are based on rla Rpa Goswm's Sanskrit prayer known as Nmaka, or eight prayers to the holy name; 8 songs praise the glories of rmat Rdhr (r Rdhaka); and finally, 8 songs are based on the eight prayers of instruction written by r Caitanya Mahprabhu called ikaka. Some editions published later added several songs as an Appendix-1 song of intense, eager longing for the highest spiritual perfection called Siddhi Llas, and a Sanskrit song composed by Bhaktivinoda in 20 metrically melodious verses called r r Godruma-candra Bhajanopadea (Instructions for the Worship of Lord Caitanya, the Moon Over Godruma).

1893
Gta-ml
(A Garland of Songs)

A Bengali songbook of 80 nectarean songs arranged in five chapters:

(1) Ymuna-bhvval describes in 27 songs the mellow ecstasies of nta and dsya-rasa as it is revealed in the famous prayer Stotra-ratna by r Ymuncrya

(2) Krpaya-pajik is a diary of humble longings for eternal service to r r Rdh-Ka, as revealed in a prayer from rla Rpa Goswm's book Stava-ml

(3) oka-tana gives a detailed description in 13 songs of a particular pastime of Lord Caitanya in which He revives the dead son of rvsa hkura

(4) Rpnuga-bhajana-darpaa is a scientific devotional treatise which analyzes the spiritual functioning of Lord Ka's pastimes. The moods presented herein concisely express the hkura's realizations of the truths explained by rla Rpa Goswm in his Bhakti-rasmta-sindhu and Ujjvala-Nlamai. This chapter also describes practices required to allow one entrance into the Lord's eternal pastimes

(5) Siddhi-llas is a 10 song description of the longing for achieving the perfection of an eternal spiritual name, dress, body and specific service in the eternal realm of Goloka Vndvana.

1893
Baula-sagta
(Songs of the Mad Wandering Saint)

nnnnA collection of 12 songs in Bengali verse. Bhaktivinoda saw that the Indian society at that time had become overrun with many different types of pretentious so-called Vaiavas. One group, known as "Baula", or transcendental madmen, used to wander all around the countryside singing bogus songs and begging alms. The hkura recognized them as false devotees, and he wrote these 12 songs so that the common people could learn to tell the difference between false Baulas and real Baulas. The language and dialect of these songs is just like the common street talk of the period, and Bhaktivinoda even signed the songs "Canda Baula"-he assumed a Baula name just so people would accept them! These songs each describe the various forms of cheating Baulas, exposing their deceptive hypocrisy, and finally propose the correct way for following Lord Caitanya according to authorized devotional principles.

1893
Dller Gta
(The Song of the Broker)

A song in Bengali verse that describes how Lord Nitynanda has opened up The Marketplace of the Holy Name at Surabhi-kuja, which was Bhaktivinoda's headquarters on the island of Godruma in Navadvpa. He says that Nitynanda is selling the Lord's name for the mere price of one's faith, and, taking the position of a transcendental 'broker' for the sale of the name, Bhaktivinoda urges his fellow countrymen to purchase and relish these transcendental goods.

1893
Nm Bhajan
(The Worship of the Holy Name)

A small booklet in English prose on the divine name of r Ka. He thoroughly discusses the goal of Ka-prema as reached by pure chanting; quoting from various scriptures, he establishes the inconceivable glories of the name; analyzing the process of worshiping the holy name, he proves that the name is an incarnation of Ka Himself on earth; then finally, Bhaktivinoda presents the various stages of devotion that are manifest to an ascending soul who is on the way back to Godhead.

1893
Jaiva Dharma
(The Religion of the Soul's Natural Characteristics)

A philosophical Vaiava novel written in Bengali prose. Most of the book is presented as a dialogue of questions and answers between the various characters. The main character is r Prema dsa Bbj, who is known as a paramahasa, or a topmost swan-like devotee of the Lord, one who has transcended all external forms of religiosity. He is always overwhelmed with pure ecstatic love, and his personal worship of the Lord cannot be understood by any ordinary person. One day, the Bbj is approached by a sannys who is himself very well versed in the revealed scriptures but has thusfar subscribed to the impersonal conception of the absolute. The sannys asks many questions, and the Bbj gives the conclusive answers, thereby convincing the sannys of the superexcellence of the personal theism of the Vaiavas. Other characters gradually make their appearance in the novel, and various philosophical discussions take place. This is a very thorough book, touching on practically every major topic of devotional life, and Bhaktivinoda has quoted profuse scriptural passages to support his conclusions. Complete in 40 chapters, this book has become very popular with the general public not only for its story format, but because it has been composed in very simple language that enables even persons without Sanskrit training to glean the essence of all the revealed scriptures. Some topics covered extensively are: the eternal nature of the soul, the truth of bodily castes, proper conduct of domestic life, historical perspective of eternal religion, methods of the soul's release from material bondage, spontaneous devotional service, the truth of the holy name of the Lord, avoiding offenses unto the name, true name vs. semblance of name, so forth and so on.

Finally, the last 15 chapters of Jaiva Dharma treat the subject of transcendental rasa very elaborately. Two sincere devotees named Vijaya Kumra and Vraja-ntha approach Prema dsa Bbj with many esoteric questions, and together they all discuss the nature of ecstatic symptoms, divine emotions, affection for the Lord in neutrality, servitude, friendship, parenthood and conjugal love. Vijaya-kumra, who wishes to be further instructed in the conjugal mellow, is directed by Premadsa Bbj to proceed to Jagannth Pur and receive the audience of Gopla Guru Goswm, a disciple of Svarpa Dmodara Goswm. From him he learns about Ka's role as the Supreme Hero, Rdh's role as the Supreme Heroine, descriptions of Rdh's girlfriends, stimulants for ecstatic love, the Lord's pastimes conducted throughout eight periods of the day, varieties of enjoyments shared by the Divine Couple, techniques to be used by a devotee in order to enter into these eternal pastimes, so forth and so on. The book ends with a description of how the two devotees Vraja-ntha and Vijaya attain the ultimate goal of life-they take the teachings of the Bbj to heart, give up all worldly attachments and simply worship the Lord within their heart of hearts all throughout their days and nights, with Vraja-ntha on the banks of the Gag in rdhma Mypura and Vijaya-kumra in a secluded cottage near the Pur seashore. Following along the Lord's daily pastimes, they remain absorbed in ecstatic love for Him until they finally drop their mortal frames and happily go back to Godhead.

1893
Tattva-stram
(Aphorisms of the Truth)

Composed in 50 concise Sanskrit aphorisms divided into 5 chapters. Bhaktivinoda gives a Sanskrit commentary on each verse, plus an elaborate Bengali commentary. The five divisions are:

(1) The Truth of the Lord and His Creation

(2) The Truth of His Conscious Portions (Souls)

(3) The Truth of His Temporary Portion (The Material World)

(4) The Truth of the Relationship Between the Lord and His Creation

(5) The Truth Regarding Devotional Principles.

 

All the conclusions presented in this book are supported by profuse quotations from the Upaniads, the Puras, Bhagavad-gt, Nrada-pacartra, and many other scriptures.

1894
Vedrka-ddhiti
(A Ray of the Sun of the Vedas)

A Sanskrit commentary on the famous Iopaniad found in the Vjasaneya Sahit portion of the ukla Yajur Veda. This commentary by Bhaktivinoda hkura was published along with the Sanskrit explanation of rla Baladeva Vidy-bhaa called Iopaniad-bhyam (An Explanation of Iopaniad). Also included were the notes of Bhaktivinoda's friend, ryukta ymall Goswm Siddhnta Vcaspati, entitled Iopaniad Bhya-rahasya-vivti (The Purport of the Inner Secrets of the Explanation of Iopaniad), plus ymall Goswm's Bengali clarification of the Iopaniad called Siddhntnuvda (Translation of the Truth).

1894
Tattva-muktval
(A Pearl Necklace of Truths)
Subtitled: Myvda-ata-dsi
(A Hundred Refutations of the Impersonalists)

119 Sanskrit verses composed by rpd Madhvcrya which refute the impersonal Advaita Vednta philosophy that was spread all over India by akarcrya. These verses are at times quite amusing as they pierce the shroud of Myvd misconceptions with amazing, common-sense logic. hkura Bhaktivinoda had it published with his own Bengali prose translations for each verse. r Madhvcrya composed this book in such a way that anyone who reads it will never fall victim to the fallacy of the Lord's so-called impersonal nature. By citing various scriptures, by offering sound reasonings, and by employing a surprising style of common sense, r Madhvcrya positively establishes the Lord's eternal personal identity.

1895
Amta-pravha-bhya
(The Commentary That Flows with Nectar)

A Bengali commentary on Ka dsa Kavirja Goswm's r Caitanya-caritmta. Bhaktivinoda begins and ends this commentary with devotional Bengali lyrics, and the body of the commentary is composed in prose. At the beginning of each of the 62 chapters of Caitanya-caritmta, he has included chapter summaries, and in the course of the running text, he has quoted both ancient scriptures and additional commentaries by more recent cryas.

1895
Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latik
(The Desire-Creeper of Devotion to Lord Hari)

A Sanskrit work on pure devotion by an unknown Vaiava author. Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit text only. He found a manuscript of this book while he was living in Jagannth Pur. Although the authorship was not known, Bhaktivinoda appreciated the purely devotional quality of the text. The book is like a creeper of devotion, and this creeper is subsequently divided into thirteen sections called 'clusters'. Describing the nine processes of devotional service, headed by hearing and chanting, the book concludes with a detailed description of the character of a devotee who has attained transcendence by the faithful practice of these means.

1895
Shodaa Grantha
(Sixteen Books)

A collection of sixteen small Sanskrit works written by r Vallabhcrya, a prominent crya who lived during Lord Caitanya's time. Original Sanskrit text edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda.

1895
r Gaurga-stava-kalpataru
(A Desire-Tree Prayer To Lord Gaurga)

A twelve verse poem in Sanskrit from rla Raghunth Ds Goswm's Stavval. Sanskrit text edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda, this prayer describes Lord Caitanya's inconceivable ecstatic bodily transformations that were manifested in His later years at Jagannth Pur. The author begs that the vision of these ecstatic transformations may perpetually awaken in his heart.

1895
Mana-santoa
(She Who Pleases The Mind)

hhhhA Bengali verse translation of a Sanskrit work called r Ka Caitanyodayval by Pradyumna Mira, a close relative of r Caitanya Mahprabhu. The author of this translation, r Jagajjvan Mira, is the eighth descendant of Pradyumna Mira, the older brother of r Caitanya's father Jagannth Mira. Bengali text edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda.

1895
Mukunda-ml Stotram
(A Garland of Prayers to Lord Mukunda)

A devotional Sanskrit work from South India by one of the twelve Alvars, King Kulaekhara, edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda. Composed in 62 verses, the prayer glorifies the Lord's transcendental position, begging for humble menial service eternally at the Lord's lotus feet.

1895
r Lakm-carita
(The Life and Character of the Goddess of Fortune)

A short work in Bengali verse by r Mldhar Vasu (Guarj Khn), the renowned author of r Ka-vijaya (the first Bengali book). Original text edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda.

1895
Bla-Ka-sahasra-nma
(A Thousand Names of Baby Ka)
Gopla-sahasra-nma
(A Thousand Names of Cowherd Boy Ka) Kottara-ata-nma
(108 Names of Ka)
Rdhik-sahasra-nma
(A Thousand Names of r Rdhik)

Four different nma-stotras excerpted from the Nrada-pacartra. Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit text only. He printed this little nectar book for use by the devotees who liked to chant these verses as a regular daily practice.

1895
rman-Mahprabhor-Aa-klya-ll-smaraa-magala-stotram
(The Auspicious Prayer for Remembrance of Lord Caitanya's Pastimes Throughout Eight Periods of the Day)

An 11 verse Sanskrit poem on the pastimes of r Caitanya by an unknown Vaiava author, edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda. This prayer is intended to facilitate the daily worship of devotees who follow Lord Caitanya's pastimes as He relishes the moods of r r Radha-Ka's pastimes conducted through the eight periods of the day.

1896
r Gaurga-ll-smaraa-magala-stotram
(The Auspicious Prayer for Remembrance of Lord Caitanya's Pastimes)

104 original Sanskrit verses giving a condensed description of all the most important pastimes and teachings of r Caitanya Mahprabhu that are found in r Caitanya-bhgavata and r Caitanya-caritmta. Bhaktivinoda composed this book to fulfill the requests of devotees who asked for something they could chant every day for Lord Caitanya's glorification. He included in the beginning of the book a famous 47-page introduction in English prose entitled r Caitanya Mahprabhu: His Life and Precepts. This introduction summarizes the contents of the book's Sanskrit verses. Accompanying the Sanskrit verses is a Sanskrit commentary entitled Vikin k (Revealing Notes) by the renowned pait of Navadvpa, Mah-mahopdhyya itikaha Vcaspati. It was this book which Bhaktivinoda sent to a University in Canada in 1896, the auspicious year of the birth of rla Prabhupda, thereby introducing the glories of Lord Caitanya to the Western world for the first time.

1896
r Rmnuja-upadea
(The Teachings of Rmnuja)

Sanskrit verses explaining the philosophy of Rmnujcrya, with hkura Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali translation.

1896
Artha-pacaka
(Five Meanings)

hkura Bhaktivinoda's explanatory notes in Bengali on r Pillai Lokcrya's famous book of the same name, in which five principal points of Rmnuja's philosophy are explained at length.

1896
Sva-likhita Jvan
(Autobiography)

This book is a 200-page Bengali prose letter which Bhaktivinoda wrote to his son, Lalita Prasd Datta, in response to a request for details of his father's personal life. Lalita Prasd had the book published so that those who knew and loved his father could read and relish it. Bhaktivinoda warned in the beginning of the letter that no one should misuse this information, a warning that was repeated in the publisher's preface. The work is an intimate revelation of Bhaktivinoda's mind, covering such topics as: the time and place of his birth, early childhood remembrances, descriptions of his grandparents, the prosperity and happiness of all the townspeople in Ul, stories of his schooldays, boyhood mischief, early religious revelations, college studies, the deaths of his father and several siblings, his studies of world religions, his lectures in Calcutta, how he began to write books, his first ecstatic trip to Vndvana, his enthusiasm for hearing of the glories of Lord Caitanya, his studies of the Goswm's literature in Jagannth Pur while serving as chief magistrate there, his chastisement of false devotees, the births of his many sons and daughters, his composing of many devotional literatures in English, Sanskrit and Bengali, the shifting of his headquarters back to Calcutta and eventually to the island of Godruma in Nady, his preaching of the glories of the holy name in public by various means, his discovery of Lord Caitanya's birthplace and founding of a temple there in Mypur, and so forth.

1897
Brahma-sahit
(The Treatise Spoken By Lord Brahm)

This ancient book, actually only the fifth chapter of one hundred, was acquired by Lord Caitanya on his travels in South India. It is Lord Brahm's personal account of his birth, his penances, his realization of the spiritual world, and his revelation of Lord Viu's wish for him to create the material cosmos. In the ninth chapter of the Caitanya-caritmta's Madhya-ll, rla Prabhupda gives the following summary of the book's contents:

"The Brahma-sahit is a very important scripture. r Caitanya Mahprabhu acquired the Fifth Chapter from the di-Keava temple. In that Fifth Chapter, the philosophical conclusion of acintya-bhedbheda-tattva (simultaneous oneness and difference) is presented. The chapter also presents methods of devotional service, the eighteen-syllable Vedic hymn, discourses on the soul, the Supersoul and fruitive activity, an explanation of kma-gyatr, kma-bja and the original Mah-Viu, and a description of the spiritual world, specifically Goloka Vndvana. Brahma-sahit also expounds on the demigod Ganea, the Garbhodakayi Viu, the origin of the gyatr-mantra, the form of Govinda and His transcendental position and abode, the living entities, the highest goal, the goddess Durg, the meaning of austerity, the five gross elements, love of Godhead, impersonal Brahman, the initiation of Lord Brahm, and the vision of transcendental love enabling one to see the Lord. The steps of devotional service are also explained. The mind, yoga-nidr, the goddess of fortune, devotional service in spontaneous ecstasy, incarnations beginning with Lord Rmacandra, Deities, the conditioned soul and its duties, the truth about Lord Viu, prayers, Vedic hymns, Lord iva, Vedic literature, personalism and impersonalism, good behavior and many other subjects are also discussed. There is also a description of the sun and the universal forms of the Lord. All these subjects are conclusively explained in a nutshell in this Brahm-sahit."

This book was edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit verses, rla Jva Goswm's Sanskrit commentary, and Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali introduction, Bengali prose translations and Bengali commentary called Prakin (She Who Illuminates).

1898
r Ka-karmta
(Nectar for the Ears of r Ka)

A famous Sanskrit book of ecstatic prayers and revelations of Ka conscious moods and pastimes written by r Bilvamagala hkura (Lluka). This book was also collected by Lord Caitanya on his travels in South India. Published and edited by Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit verses, the Sanskrit commentary by Caitanya Dsa Goswm (the older brother of Kavi Karapur) called Bla-bodhin k, and Bhaktivinoda's own introduction, final summary and Bengali prose translations of the verses. In the ninth chapter of the Caitanya-caritmta's Madhya-ll, rla Prabhupda comments:

"This book was composed by Bilvamagala hkura in 112 verses. There are two or three other books bearing the same name, and there are also two commentaries on Bilvamagala's book. One commentary was written by Kadsa Kavirja Goswm and the other by Caitanya Dsa Goswm." In verses 305-309 of the above-quoted section of Caitanya-caritmta, rla Kavirja Goswm has written:

"The brhmaa community there was composed of pure devotees, who regularly studied a book entitled Ka-karmta, which was composed by Bilvamagala hkura. r Caitanya Mahprabhu was very pleased to hear the book Ka-karmta, and with great eagerness He had it copied and took it with Him. There is no comparison to Ka-karmta in the three worlds. By studying this book, one is elevated to the knowledge of pure devotional service to Ka. One who constantly reads Ka-karmta can fully understand the beauty and melodious taste of the pastimes of Lord Ka. The Brahma-sahit and Ka-karmta were two books that r Caitanya Mahprabhu considered to be most valuable jewels. Therefore He took them with Him on His return trip."

1898
Pya-vari-vtti
(The Explanation That Showers Ambrosia)

Bengali commentary on rla Rpa Goswm's Upademta (The Nectar of Instruction). Bhaktivinoda published this book with Rpa Goswm's original eleven Sanskrit verses accompanied by his own Bengali prose explanations.

1898
rmad Bhagavad-Gt
(The Song of God)

This edition was published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit commentary Dvaita-bhyam (Explanation of Supreme Duality) by rpd Madhvcrya.

1898
r Goloka-mhtmyam
(The Glories of Goloka Vndvana)

Part Two of Santana Goswm's Bhad-bhgavatmtam, edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit text and his own Bengali translations of the verses. This book describes in seven chapters the travels of an ecstatic devotee named r Gopa-kumra. In searching for the supreme truth this devoted and simple cowherd boy from Govardhana is led on an incredible journey throughout all the higher planetary systems of the material universe as well as those of the transcendental spiritual worlds. The various deities of Vaikuha successively direct him higher and higher until he finally reaches r r Rdh-Ka's abode in Goloka Vndvana, the topmost spiritual planet, where he sports eternally with Ka and the cowherd boys.

1899
The Hindu Idols

A thirty-two page English letter written to the Tract Society of Calcutta. Apparently in their periodical they had published an article entitled "Prof. Max Muller on Durg", in which Kl, Durg and iva were slandered from the Christian viewpoint. So Bhaktivinoda wrote this exhaustive response, quoting from the Vedas and Puras on the true identity of the personalities in question. He concludes by assuming the proper Christian attitude of universal love, which is devoid of sectarian dogmatism, and humbly begs the reverend gentlemen of the Tract Society to give up their philosophical inconsistencies.

1899
r Bhajanmta
(The Nectar of Worship)

A treatise on pure devotion to the Supreme Lord written in Sanskrit prose by rla Narahari Sarakra hkura, a contemporary and intimate associate of r Caitanya Mahprabhu. Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali translation.

1899
r Navadvpa-bhva-taraga
(Waves of Ecstatic Moods in Navadvpa)

168 Bengali verses describing the different transcendental places in the 32 square mile area of Navadvpa, as seen through the perfected devotional eyes of a God-realized soul. In this book hkura Bhaktivinoda does not see the land of Navadvpa as a mundane historical place of this world but sees it as the odyna or transcendental garden of Lord Caitanya. Bhaktivinoda describes various pastimes that r Gaurga enjoys on different islands at different times of day in the transcendental realm. At the conclusion of this divine vision, he falls unconscious and attains the samdhi of full realization of his own eternal gop form. Some of Rdh's personal maidservants take him by the hand and engage him in eternal personal service to the Divine Couple. Returning to consciousness he remains absorbed as the humble servant of the servant of Lord Caitanya.

1900
Harinma-cintmai
(The Touchstone of the Name of Hari)

Sivided into 15 chapters and composed in Bengali verse form, this book is an account of rla Harids hkura's teachings on the holy name. It is actually a conversation between Lord Caitanya and Harids-the Lord asks questions about the glories of the holy name, and Harids gives extensive answers. The first three chapters describe the inconceivable glories of the holy name, the process for accepting the name, and techniques for chanting the name free of impersonalist misconceptions. The 4th through 13th chapters elaborate on the ten offenses against pure chanting. And the last two chapters describe 32 offenses to be avoided in the execution of pure devotional service, as well as an ecstastic discussion on the process of practicing such devotion toward the goal of attaining self-realization in pure ecstatic love of Godhead.

1901
rmad Bhgavatrka-marci-ml
(The Sparkling Rays of the Bhgavatam Sun)

In this book hkura Bhaktivinoda has taken a selection of the most important verses of rmad Bhgavatam and arranged them in 20 chapters, called 'rays.' Each Sanskrit verse is accompanied by a Bengali prose translation and explanation by Bhaktivinoda. The Bhgavatam is compared to the brilliant sun, and therefore each particular chapter or ray of Bhgavata sunlight expounds upon a major aspect of Bhgavata philosophy such as sambandha, abhidheya, prayojana, and so forth.

1901
Padma Pura

Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with the complete 55,000-verse Sanskrit text only. At the time, there were many conflicting manuscripts of the Padma Pura available in the libraries, and many were incomplete. So Bhaktivinoda did extensive research to compile one truly complete manuscript of this huge ancient scripture. This became the definitive edition for scholars and devotees alike.

1901
Sakalpa-kalpadruma
(The Desire-Tree of Resolute Wishes)

A book of 104 Sanskrit verses on the divine pastimes of r r Rdh-Ka originally composed by rla Vivantha Cakravart hkura. Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translations. These verses are the prayer of Vivantha Cakravart to rmat Rdhr, begging for eternal service as Her humble maidservant. In the course of this prayer, the author describes the ecstatic daily pastimes of the Divine Couple, and in this description he appeals to r Rdh for the benediction of being allowed to render specific personal services. Expressing determined resolutions for attaining this service, he finally appeals to other personal maidservants, inhabitants, and features of Vndvana, and even his own mind, beseeching all for the fulfillment of his most cherished desires.

1902
Bhajana-rahasya
(Secrets of Confidential Worship)

Compiled by hkura Bhaktivinoda as a supplement to his Hari-nma-cintmai, this Bhajana-rahasya is arranged in eight chapters, and the chanting of each chapter is to be observed during each three hour period of the twenty-four hour day. Each chapter corresponds to one verse of r Caitanya's ikaka, and explains one of the eight levels of advancement in the gradual development of Ka-bhajan, from primary raddh to ultimate prema, as is enunciated by rla Rpa Goswm in his Bhakti-rasmta-sindhu. All the chapters are filled with scriptural citations in Sanskrit, uniquely explaining the philosophy of Ka-bhajan and its practice. Each Sanskrit verse is accompanied by the hkura's own Bengali translation in verse.

1904
Sat-kriy-sra-dpika
(Illuminations on the Essence of Rituals to be Performed by Devotees)
With the appendix: Saskra-dpik
(Illuminations on Purificatory Ceremonies)

A small Sanskrit work by rla Gopla Bhaa Goswm, extracted from the Hari-bhakti-vilsa, on the philosophy and ritualistic practice of Vedic saskra ceremonies (rites of purification) for Gauya Vaiava householders. It also contains the ritualistic codes and institutes for Gauya Vaiava mendicants. Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translation.

1906
Prema-vivarta
(Crooked Manifestations of Ecstatic Love)

A book by Jagadnanda Pait in Bengali verse on r Caitanya's philosophy of divine love and the holy name. Edited and published by hkura Bhaktivinoda, this book describes the unique flavor of apparently contrary love that was shared between Lord Caitanya and his confidential devotee Jagadnanda Pait. Also treated are many other subjects such as the glories of the Lord's devotees, different types of engagements due to different types of devotees, and an exposition on the secret mysteries of the holy name.

1907
Sva-niyama-dvdaakam
Twelve Verses of Self-Imposed Vows)

This is the last literary work of Bhaktivinoda hkura, composed shortly before he shut himself up in his beach-front cottage at Jaganntha Pur. There he worshiped the Lord whole-heartedly, keeping in mind the regulative principles he outlined for himself in this Sva-niyama-dvdaakam. This prayer follows along the mood of a prayer of Raghuntha Dsa Goswm entitled Sva-niyama-daakam (Ten Verses of Self-Imposed Vows), and is similarly meant to be chanted and meditated on as a regular daily function. Some topics treated by Bhaktivinoda are: his objects of devotion birth after birth, rejection of things unfavorable for r r Rdh-Ka's eternal service, acceptance of favorable practices and devotional qualities, how to live simply and perform Vraja-bhajan, repulsion of things that are unrelated to r Rdhik, how to avoid so-called devotees who proudly neglect r Rdhik, how to worship the lotus feet of Her pure devotee, and finally-firm determination to transcend my by reading this prayer every day. The piece ends with a thirteenth verse which assures the reader of attaining the benediction of eternal service to the Divine Couple as a result of reading or reciting this offering. Although the Sanskrit verses and Bengali prose translations were completed by Bhaktivinoda, he never finished a Bengali prose commentary on his last work, these "Twelve Verses of Self-Imposed Vows."

The following works of Bhaktivinoda hkura do not have specific dates of publication:

The following works of Bhaktivinoda hkura do not have specific dates of publication:

Navadvpa-atakam
(A Hundred Verses Glorifying the Land of Navadvpa)

This is an ecstatic book composed by r Prabodhnanda Sarasvat, one of Lord Caitanya's direct disciples. The work describes the land of Navadvpa, which is the sporting-ground for Lord Caitanya, in all of its majestic divine splendor and glory. hkura Bhaktivinoda translated this composition into simple Bengali verses for easy reading by devotees, and published it without the original Sanskrit verses as a small pocket-sized booklet. Thus the little volume could be easily carried around, even by wandering sdhus, and it was very much appreciated by the many persons who received it. In this book, rla Prabodhnanda Sarasvatpda elaborates, in his characteristic madly ecstatic style, on the svarpa or spiritual form of the Lord's abode, the Lord's mood as He sports therein, the mood of a devotee who is desirous of entering this abode, the rejection of unfavorable material obstacles, and an impossibly resolute determination to attain the supreme goal.

Daa-mla-nirysa
(The Extract of the Ten Principles)

A Bengali prose essay which explains a single Sanskrit verse composed by Bhaktivinoda. This verse summarizes Lord Caitanya's philosophy as having ten root principles. Then in the essay the hkura elaborately explains the essence of the essence of each point.

r Viu Priy O nanda Bazr Patrik
(Newsletter Dear to Lord Viu, And Market of Bliss)

A monthly Vaiava journal in Bengali edited by Bhaktivinoda and published by his friend Shishir Kumr Ghosh. This periodical was very popular in the Vaiava community because it contained many nectarean extracts from various scriptures, plus informative articles written by Bhaktivinoda and his other devotional associates.

Baladeva Vidy-bhaa-carita
(The Life of Baladeva Vidy-bhaa)

Written by Bhaktivinoda in Bengali prose, this is a well-researched biography of rla Baladeva Vidy-bhaa. It narrates the glories of various events in his life, and also recounts the literary contributions of this great soul.

Vednta-stra
(Aphorisms on the Ultimate End of Knowledge)

This classic Vedic philosophy book written by rla Vysadeva was published by Bhaktivinoda's friend, r ymall Goswm, along with the Govinda-bhya of Baladeva Vidy-bhaa and the explanatory notes of Bhaktivinoda hkura.

 

This is by no means a complete list of the literary works of hkura Bhaktivinoda; it is merely an introductory list of the most outstanding and influential publications. He also composed many more articles that were published in many magazines and journals, and he even wrote some manuscripts that were never published.

What Eminent Indian Scholars Have Said About hkura Bhaktivinoda

What Eminent Indian Scholars Have Said About hkura Bhaktivinoda

"hkura Bhaktivinoda's only goal was to preach the chanting of the Holy Name and the versatile service of the Supreme Lord through the agency of literature. Just as r Rpa Goswm's and Santana Goswm's composition of literature was their bhajan, japa, performance of austerity and perfection, so in the same way Bhaktivinoda hkura's work of writing books was done."

-Sir Guruds Vandyopdhyya, M.A., D.L., Ph.D.
Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University and
Honorable Judge of the Calcutta High Court

"In the era that the hkura made his appearance, the cultivation of English education was very prominent. At that time hkura Bhaktivinoda acquired uncommon scholarship in English literature and according to his natural inclinations he studied the topic of prema-bhakti in various languages without even the help of a teacher of the bhakti-stras. As a result of these studies he has written an extensive and detailed body of devotional literature. If the literature of hkura Bhaktivinoda is published and propagated throughout the world then all people of all faiths and languages will be benefited immensely and will be able to understand that this devotional literature is their literature."

-Dr. Satishcandra Vidybha
Principal of the Calcutta Sanskrit College

"The youth of our country should acquire wisdom by studying his books and they should know what he was... That which he has written about in his r Ka-sahit must be studied by everyone. The sole universal religion should be understood as vaiava-dharma. We have completely forgotten about our original bond of love. That union of love between the tiny soul and the Supreme soul is the religion of all beings. The name of this religion is vaiava-dharma. In various ways he pointed this out to the modern educated class of men and has thus become worthy of our reverence."

-Ry Yatndranth Caudhur, M.A., B.L.

"Bhaktivinoda hkura is the personification of the sincere and simple Vaiava. By hearing the hkura's words I was able to understand that truly the day is coming when the religion of rman Mahprabhu will be preached among the educated and common people in Bengal and throughout the world."

-Sir Mandracandra Nand Bhdur

"In the religion of Vaiavism that r Caitanyadev propagated four hundred years ago, many mutations and alterations which are due to the influence of time, can be seen, but as a result of this great soul's (Bhaktivinoda's) appearance in this world, the true message of that vaiava-dharma is unfolding day by day. At that time when a decline of religion appeared, Bhaktivinoda hkura Mahay settled and disposed of many complex philosophical subject matters in the form of his books."

-ryukta Hrendranth Dutt Vednta-ratna

"After reading r Bhaktivinoda's r Ka-sahit I have become very pleased and satisfied. There are no philosophical conclusions quite equal to the ones explained in this book. hkura Bhaktivinoda Mahay has truly preached again the religion propagated four hundred years ago by r Caitanyadev."

-Vgmivara Vipinacandra Pl

"When I used to dress as a European and when I comprehended everything from Europe that was to be known and understood, at that time Bhaktivinoda caused us to know what bhakti is. Upon reading and studying the books of Bhaktivinoda, one is able to understand the reason for his coming to this world. His place in the kingdom of literature, as we know it, is unexcelled. When his literary works were published, the following used to come to mind at that time: from where are these brilliant bolts of lightning coming?"

-Pckari Vandyopdhyya
Editor of the journal Nyaka

Bhaktivinoda hkura k jaya!