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The Literary Works of Thakura Bhaktivinoda (1838-1914)
1849 Ula-candi-mahatmya-Bengali verses about the glories of the Ula-candi deity of Birnagar.
1850 Hari-katha (Topics of Lord Hari)-a poem in Bengali.
1850 Lila-kirtana (Glorification of the Lord's Pastimes)-a poem in Bengali.
1851 Sumbha-Nisumbha-yuddha-(The Battle with Sumbha and Nisumbha) Bengali verses about the battle between Durga and two demons named Sumbha and Nisumbha.
1855 Contributions of articles to various periodicals and magazines commenced from this year.
1857 Poriade/Part One-a poem in classical English about the wanderings of Porus, who fought Alexander the Great in the pre-Christian era.
1858 Poriade/Part Two-the second of a planned twelve parts, but was never completed. Still, these two volumes are an epic composition.
1860 Maths of Orissa-English prose about the various temples, monasteries and holy shrines in Orissa which were visited by Thakura Bhaktivinoda.
1863 Vijana-grama (The Deserted Village)-Thakura Bhaktivinoda's description of his return to the beautiful village of Ula (his birthplace). To his horror he finds the population of the town practically wiped out by cholera. Composed in unmetered, rhyming Bengali poetry.
1863 Sannyasi-a Bengali poem.
1863 Our Wants-English prose.
1866 Balide Registry-a manual of the Government Registration Department translated by Thakura Bhaktivinoda into Urdu.
1866 Speech on Gautama-a lecture in English about Gautama Muni and the philosophy of nyaya (logic) delivered in Chapra in the state of Bihar.
1868 Sac-cid-ananda-premalankara (Decorations of pure ecstatic love comprising eternity, knowledge and bliss)-a poem in Bengali on the glories of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The Thakura composed this after reading Chaitanya-caritamrita for the first time, which greatly enhanced his enthusiasm for spreading Lord Chaitanya's mission.
1869 The Bhagavat: Its Philosophy, Its Ethics, and Its Theology-a lecture in English on the Shrimad-Bhagavatam, delivered at Dinajpur in West Bengal. Some topics covered are: what the Bhagavatam really is, how Lord Chaitanya preached the Bhagavatam, the three great truths of absolute religion (sambandha, abhidheya and prayojana), maya as a sakti of the omnipotent Lord, the duty of man to God, the superiority of the Bhagavatam in synthesizing all sorts of theistic worship and in the cultivation of bhakti.
1870 Garbha-stotra-vyakhya or Sambandha-tattva-candrika-commentary in Bengali prose on the Garbha-stotra from the second chapter of the Tenth Canto of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (Prayers by the Demigods for Shri Krishna in the Womb).
1871 Reflections-a poem in English.
1871 Thakura Haridasa-Ten English verses about the disppearance of Namacarya Haridasa Thakura, which are engraved on the samadhi tomb of Haridasa by the seashore at Jagannatha Puri.
1871 The Temple of Jagannatha at Puri-an English prose essay describing the history of the establishment of the great temple in Puri, Orissa. This piece also addresses the hypocrisy of temple priests as opposed to sincere devotional worship in pure love of God.
1871 The Akharas in Puri-English critical expose on certain monasteries in Jagannatha Puri. Apparently these places were kept by temple priests for meetings where intoxication and other questionable activities were indulged in.
1871 The Personality of Godhead-English prose.
1871 Saragrahi (The Who Grasps the Essence)-a 22 verse English poem describing the mood of a devotee who knows how to extract the essence of Krishna consciousness from anywhere and anything.
1871 A Beacon Light-English prose.
1871 To Love God-a short English article describing bhakti as the religion of the soul. The article is based on Christ Jesus' teaching, "Love God with all thy heart, with all thy mind, and with all thy strength, and love man as thy brother."
1871 The Attibaris of Orissa-a letter to the editors of the Progress, exposing a questionable sect of pseudo Vaishnavas popular in Orissa.
1871 The Marriage System of Bengal-an English pamphlet detailing Hindu marriage customs and their deplorable forms. He gives historical outlines of various types of traditional marriages and expresses sympathy for the women subjected to the inhumane marital practices of certain groups in Bengal.
1872 Vedantadhikarana-mala-a compilation of Sanskrit verses on Vedanta philosophy, with the Thakura's own Bengali translations and explanations.
1874 Datta-kaustubham-104 Sanskrit verses on philosophy composed by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Sanskrit commentary.
1876 Datta-vamsa-mala (A Garland for the Datta Family)-Sanskrit verses giving a genealogical description of the Datta family of Bali Samaj. Since he was born Kedarnath Datta, this is a description of the Thakura's own family tree.
1878 Bauddha-vijaya-kavyam (Poems on the Defeat of Buddhism)-Sanskrit verses defeating the atheistic philosophy of Buddhism.
1880 Shri Krishna-samhita (A Compendium on Shri Krishna)-an amazing and revolutionary treatise on the science of Lord Krishna, His pastimes and His devotees. This book contains an 83-page introduction in which Thakura Bhaktivinoda discusses the philosophy and development of Indian religion from an historical and geographical viewpoint. Then, in the actual Samhita portion of the book, he has composed 281 Sanskrit verses and divided them into ten chapters which deal with descriptions of the spiritual world, the multifarious energies of the Lord, His incarnations, astonishing aspects of His pastimes, descriptions of Lord Krishna's removing specific demonic obstacles in order for His devotees to attain the mood of Vraja, and a detailed analysis of the character of one who has attained Krishna's association, etc. Accompanying the Sanskrit verses are Thakura Bhaktivinoda's Bengali prose translations and explanations. The book closes with a 50-page conclusion in which religious philosophy is discussed in terms of the principles of sambandha, abhidheya and prayojana. The Thakura explains that all of his unique conclusions were revealed to him while in a deep spiritual trance.
1881 Kalyana Kalpa-taru (The Desire-Tree of Auspiciousness)-a songbook of 63 Bengali songs describing a desire-tree that the Thakura brought directly from the spiritual world. Its trunk is divided into three branches called 1) Upadesa (spiritual advice), 2) Upalabdhi (attainment of realization of the advice), and 3) Ucchvasa (resultant overflowing spiritual emotions). In these enthralling devotional songs, the Thakura gives a first-hand account of the transcendental emotions that come into play as the natural result of committing one's life and soul to Shri Shri Gaura-Nitai. Then he describes the final result of receiving the mercy of Lord Chaitanya-entrance into the confidential daily pastimes of Shri Shri Radha-Madhava. This songbook became popular immediately upon its publication, and its songs were sung by devotees with great enthusiasm.
1881 Sajjana-toshani (That Which Pleases the Saintly Persons)-this was a monthly periodical in Bengali which the Thakura began to publish and edit from the year 1881. There are 17 volumes extant.
1883 Review of the Sanskrit book Nitya-rupa-samsthapanam (Proof of the Lord's Eternal Form)-this book was composed in Sanskrit by Pandit Upendra Mohan Gosvami Nyaya-ratna, and it gives many sound arguments culled from many scriptures to prove the eternal nature of the Lord's Deity form. The Thakura presents an English summary in a contemporary format outlining some of the main points, urging his readers to read the book in the original Sanskrit.
1885 Visva-vaishnava-kalpa-tavi (The Desire-Tree of the International Vaishnavas)-a small booklet published in order to acquaint the public with the functions and aims of a spiritual society the Thakura organized in Calcutta, called the Shri Visva Vaishnava Sabha (The International Association of Vaishnavas).
1886 Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (The Song of God)-the most famous of classical Sanskrit religious texts; the Thakura published a rare manuscript of it that included the Sanskrit commentary of Shrila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura entitled Sarartha-varshini (That Which Showers the Intrinsic Meaning). The Thakura wrote an elaborate introduction in Bengali, and for each Sanskrit verse of the Gita he composed his own Bengali translation-commentary entitled Rasika-ranjana (That Which Pleases the Relishers of Mellows).
1886 Shri Chaitanya-sikshamrita (The Nectarean Teachings of Shri Chaitanya)-a philosophical work in Bengali prose which is meant to show exactly how the teachings of Lord Chaitanya are to be applied in the modern world. This includes the perfectly non-envious bridging of the gap between all the world's religions. These teachings, based on Lord Chaitanya's instructions to Rupa and Sanatana Gosvamis as found in the Chaitanya-caritamrita, are just like a shower of pure nectar, and therefore the book is divided into eight "showers", and each of these is sub-divided into "downpours". The eight "showers" are 1) Ascertainment of the Topmost Religion; 2) Secondary Duties, or Religious Activities; 3) Primary Duties, or Regulative Devotional Service; 4) Discussions on Spontaneous Devotional Service; 5) Discussions on Ecstatic Devotional Service; 6) Discussions on Devotional Service in Pure Love of God; 7) Discussions on Transcendental Mellow; and 8) Conclusion.
1886 Sanmodana-bhashyam (The Commentary That Gives Great Pleasure)-a very exhaustive Sanskrit commentary on Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's eight verses of instruction named Sikshashtakam. The Thakura also includes a Bengali song for each verse that expands on Lord Chaitanya's devotional moods.
1886 Bhajana-darpana-bhashya (A Commentary Which Mirrors Devotional Worship)-a Sanskrit commentary on Shrila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami's twelve-verse Sanskrit prayer entitled Manah-Siksha (Instructions To the Mind). The Thakura also included his Bengali song translation cum commentary of each verse, which are meant to be sung regularly by devotees.
1886 Dasopanishad-curnika (A Particle of Dust From Ten Upanishads)-a book of Bengali prose containing essential information gleaned from ten principal Upanishads (out of 108).
1886 Bhavavali (A Series of Ecstasies)-Sanskrit verses on the subject of rasa written by different acaryas of the highest order, compiled by Thakura Bhaktivinoda and published along with his own Bengali song translations of the verses.
1886 Prema-pradipa (A Lamplight on Divine Love)-a philosophical novel written in Bengali prose. The basic plot is that three men from Calcutta travel to Vrindavana in order to meet a Vaishnava (who is also a mystic yogi), with the intention of learning the transcendental science from him. Two of the men (who were impersonalists) gradually develop faith in devotion unto the Supreme Lord, whereas the third gets misled by the mystic yoga process, thus denying himself the rare treasure of ecstatic love for Lord Krishna. The book is composed in ten chapters, called "rays of light".
1886 Shri Vishnu-sahasra-nama-stotram (The Hymn of One Thousand Names of Lord Vishnu)-originally part of the Mahabharata, this prayer was published by the Thakura along with the Sanskrit commentary of Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana entitled Namartha-sudha (The Nectar of the Meaning of the Holy Names).
1887 Shri Krishna-vijaya (Lord Krishna's Victory)-a famous Bengali verse epic, written in a simple style, on the pastimes of Shri Krishna. Composed in the early 1470's by Maladhara Vasu (Gunaraja Khan). This book was one of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's favorite books. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own introduction in Bengali.
1887 Shri Caitanyopanishad (of the Atharva Veda)-an Upanishadic treatise in Sanskrit dealing with Shri Krishna's appearance as the great preacher of love of Godhead, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. These nineteen verses were edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own concise Sanskrit commentary, Shri Chaitanya-caranamrita (The Nectar of the Lotus Feet of Lord Chaitanya), and Madhusudana Dasa's Bengali translation of the original Sanskrit verses called Amrita-bindu (A Drop of Nectar).
1888 Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala (A Garland of Vaishnavite Conclusions)-a Bengali prose work that summarizes all the basic tenets of Gaudiya Vaishnava philosophy. The Thakura intended this book to be read by the general public, therefore it is composed in simple, straightforward language. Some topics covered are, acceptance of a bona fide spiritual master, chanting of the holy names without offenses, regular practice of kirtana, etc.; the first chapter is in the form of questions and answers.
1890 Amnaya-sutram (The Codes of Vedic Knowledge)-a classical Sanskrit composition based largely on the Upanisads, presented as 130 aphorisms, with a short commentary on each aphorism in Sanskrit comprising quotes from various ancient scriptures. He also gives his own Bengali translation called the Laghu-bhashya (Brief Explanation). This work elucidates the principle truths of Vaishnava philosophy as enshrined in the Vedas by means of pithy statements of transcendental facts, the 130 aphorisms being divided into sixteen extremely concise and irrefutable chapters, covering-the Lord as Energetic, His spiritual energies, His abode, His external energy, the individual souls, the phases of existence of the jivas, the means of attaining the ultimate goal of life, devotion in practice, ridding oneself of evils, performing transcendental bhajana, attaining the goal of life, devotional ecstacy, etc. etc.
1890 Shri Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmyam (The Glories of the Abode of Navadvipa) Parikrama-khanda (The Canto Describing the Tour)-Eighteen chapters of Bengali verse in which the Thakura describes the complete tour of the land of Navadvipa as traversed by Lord Nityananda. Taking with Him Shrila Jiva Gosvami, Lord Nityananda Prabhu points out all the different places of pilgrimage and tells the stories behind all those sacred spots.
1890 Shri Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmyam (The Glories of the Abode of Navadvipa) Pramana- khanda (The Canto Describing the Scriptural Evidence)-Five chapters of amazing quotes from many different Vedic scriptures, Puranas and Samhitas that glorify the holy land of Navadvipa.
1890 Siddhanta-darpanam (The Mirror of Truth)-a philosophical Sanskrit work by Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana, edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translations. The Thakura liked this book because it establishes, by quoting from many scriptures, that the Shrimad-Bhagavatam is the crown jewel of all the Puranas.
1891 Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (The Song of God)-edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana's Sanskrit commentary, Gita-bhushana (A Decoration of the Gita), and his own Bengali translation-commentary called Vidvad-ranjana (That Which Pleases the Wise).
1891 Shri Godruma Kalpatavi (The Desire-tree of the Island of Godruma)-collected Bengali essays describing the Thakura's program of Nama-hatta, or the Market Place of the Holy Name. He describes the personnel of the marketplace, how the holy names are purchased, various officers of the market, qualifications of the participants, and descriptions of his actual preaching activities.
1892 Shri Hari-nama (The Holy Name of Lord Hari)-the second chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, excerpted and published in pamphlet form. This was used for public distribution by the Thakura in connection with his program of Nama-hatta (the Marketplace of the Holy Name). This pamphlet describes the transcendental glories of the holy names, as quoted from various scriptures, as well as explanations of these quotes as given by various acaryas. It also lists and expounds on the ten offenses against the chanting of the holy names.
1892 Shri Nama (The Holy Name)-the third chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, excerpted and published in pamphlet form, also used by the Thakura for distribution during his public Nama-hatta programs. This work begins with a short introduction, then it has 100 names of Lord Chaitanya arranged in eight songs meant to be sung in kirtana, followed by three more songs on Lord Chaitanya's glories. Finally, there is a Bengali prose essay entitled "Shri Shri Godruma-candra's Order", which expounds on the order that Lord Chaitanya gave to all His devotees (as described in the Chaitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Chapter 13)-bolo krishna, bhaja krishna, koro krishna-siksha-"Going to each and every house, just beg like this-chant 'Krishna', worship Krishna and follow Krishna's instructions!" Thereafter, Thakura Bhaktivinoda quotes from the seventh chapter of the Eleventh Canto of Shrimad-Bhagavatam in which Narada Muni tells Maharaja Yudhishthira the thirty good qualities that are properly manifest in religious persons.
1892 Shri Nama-tattva-sikshashtaka (Eight Verses of Instruction Regarding the Truth of the Holy Name of the Lord)-the fourth chapter of Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, similarly excerpted by the Thakura and published as a pamphlet. This chapter systematically presents each of the eight verses of instruction written by Lord Chaitanya, called Sikshashtakam. First is the original Sanskrit verse, then Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura's Bengali prose translation, then his expanded Bengali song. After presenting all eight verses in this manner, the Thakura then concludes with several more songs of instructions to the people, begging them to instill within their hearts these nectarean teachings of Lord Chaitanya.
1892 Shri Nama-mahima (The Glories of the Holy Name)-the fifth chapter of Vaishnava- siddhanta-mala, printed as above in pamphlet form. After a brief introduction, the Thakura presents an eight-verse Sanskrit prayer composed by Shrila Rupa Gosvami called Shri Namashtakam, which concisely describes the glories of the holy name of the Lord. Accompanying each verse is the Thakura's Bengali prose translation as well as an expanded Bengali song. Then he concludes with three more songs which glorify many names of Lord Krishna, including two Nama-hatta songs describing how Lord Chaitanya and Lord Nityananda distributed these names (yasomati-nandana, boro sukher khabor gai; doyal nitai-chaitanya bole nach re amar man).
1892 Shri Nama-pracara (The Preaching of the Holy Name)-the sixth chapter of Vaishnava- siddhanta-mala, printed as above in pamphlet form. First, the Thakura presents his Bengali song: nadiya godrume nityananda mahajana, giving an elaborate prose purport for each of the four verses. Then, he presents eleven more songs he composed for the general public to sing in kirtana and bhajana, containing the gist of Lord Chaitanya's teachings.
1892 Shriman Mahaprabhur Siksha-a book written by Bhaktivinoda Thakura in eleven chapters. In the first chapter, he summarizes Shri Chaitanya's philosophy in ten categories (dasa-mula). Then the following ten chapters fully explain each category individually. All philosophical conclusions are supported with profuse scriptural quotations in Sanskrit, which are accompanied by Bengali prose translations and explanations.
1893 Tattva-viveka (Discriminations of Various Truths)-sub-titled Sac-cid-anandanubhuti (Realizations of Eternity, Knowledge and Bliss). In this book, Thakura Bhaktivinoda discusses the different precepts of Shri Chaitanya as compared to the ideas of other philosophers, both Oriental and Western. He mentions the Greek philosophers Leucippus, Democritus, Plato and Aristotle; Diderot and Lamettrie of France; Lucretius of Italy; Von Holbach of Germany; Yangchoo of China; Charvaka of India; and Englishmen Mill, Lewis, Paine, Carlyle, Bentham, Combe, etc. The book is composed of 48 Sanskrit verses, each with an exhaustive Bengali commentary. The First Realization, of 33 verses, is entitled "Realization of Eternity"; and the Second Realization, of 15 verses, is entitled "Realization of Eternal Consciousness".
1893 Soka-satana (The Dispelling of Grief)-a small booklet of 13 Bengali songs, which the Thakura composed between 1888 and 1890. These songs were meant to be sung by the general public, as they describe an incident in Lord Chaitanya's life punctuated by important teachings of basic transcendental truths. This pastime was mentioned briefly by Vrindavana dasa Thakura in his Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata, and the Thakura expands the description. The basic story runs as follows: Once, during an all-night kirtana performed by the Lord in Shrivasa Pandita's courtyard, one of the five sons of Shrivasa suddenly died within the house due to some disease. All of the household ladies began to cry very loudly in lamentation, which was heard by Shrivasa as he was chanting and dancing with Lord Chaitanya in the courtyard. Entering the house, Shrivasa pacified the distressed ladies with sweet spiritual instructions and then returned to the kirtana as if nothing had happened. In the morning the kirtana finally stopped, and Lord Chaitanya inquired if anything was wrong in the house, for He sensed that something was amiss. Being informed of the fate of the boy, the Lord became afflicted with loving separation and asked that the body be brought out into the courtyard. The Lord called the departed jiva soul back into the body, and when questioned by the Lord the boy spoke many transcendental truths. Afterwards, Lord Chaitanya, accompanied by all the devotees, celebrated the funeral ceremony of the boy in great ecstasy, being joined by the personified Ganges River, Shri Jahnavi Devi herself.
1893 Saranagati (The Attainment of Shelter)-a Bengali songbook comprising 50 nectarean songs about the process of pure, devoted surrender unto the lotus feet of Lord Krishna. This book has become very famous, and its songs are sung daily in hundreds of temples in India and around the world. It is based on the six processes of surrender mentioned by Shrila Rupa Gosvami in his Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu. The book is divided as follows: the first part of 32 songs describes the moods of a devotee as he systematically follows the six stages of surrender; then there are 13 songs called Bhajana-lalasa, or "Eagerness for Worship"; then three songs called Siddha-lalasa, or "Eagerness for Perfection"; and finally, at the very end of Saranagati, the Thakura concludes the book with two important songs: Vijnapti or "Confessions" in which he longs for the day when he will be engaged body, mind and words in activities of pure devotional service; and lastly Shri Nama-mahatmya, or "The Glories of the Holy Name". This song describes the powerful effects of the holy names of the Lord, and how the holy name takes the devotee back to Godhead. (Note: the second section of 13 songs entitled Bhajana-lalasa or "Eagerness for Worship", are Bengali songs based on the Sanskrit verses of Shrila Rupa Gosvami's Shri Upadesamrita, or The Nectar of Instruction).
1893 Gitavali (A Series of Songs)-a Bengali songbook of 73 nectarean songs which are meant to be sung regularly by devotees. Indeed, many of these songs are part of the daily devotional practice of devotees all over the world. This book begins with two Arunodaya Kirtanas, or songs to be sung at dawn, when the first reddish tint is seen over the horizon; then there are four arati songs, to be sung while worshiping the Deities on the altar; then six songs describe the devotional moods of honoring the Lord's food remnants (prasada); then eight songs praise the glories of Nagar kirtana, or the chanting of the Lord's holy names while in procession through a town; then eleven songs list over 100 names of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; then thirteen songs list 120 names of Lord Krishna; five more songs describe the glories of Krishna's many holy names; five songs ascertain the ultimate goal of life (Sreyo Nirnaya); two songs instruct the dull mind how to worship the Lord properly; eight songs are based on Shrila Rupa Gosvami's Sanskrit prayer, Namashtaka (Eight Prayers about the Name); eight songs praise the glories of Shrimati Radharani (Shri Radhashtaka); eight more songs are based on the eight prayers of instruction written by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu called Sikshashtaka; one song of intense, eager longing for the highest spiritual perfection is called Siddha Lalasa; and finally, there is a Sanskrit song composed by the Thakura in twenty verses called Shri Shri Godruma-candra Bhajanopadesa (Instructions for the Worship of Lord Chaitanya, the Moon of Godruma).
1893 Gita-mala (A Garland of Songs)-a Bengali songbook of 80 nectarean songs arranged in five chapters: 1) Yamuna-bhavavali describes in 27 songs the mellow ecstasies of santa and dasya-rasa as it is revealed in the famous prayer Stotra-ratna by Shri Yamunacarya; 2) Karpanya-panjika is a diary of humble longings for eternal service to Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, as revealed in a prayer from Shrila Rupa Gosvami's book Stava-mala; 3)Soka-satana gives a detailed description in thirteen songs of a particular pastime of Lord Chaitanya in which He revives the dead son of Shrivasa Thakura; 4) Rupanuga-bhajana-darpana is a scientific devotional treatise which analyzes the spiritual functioning of Lord Krishna's pastimes. The moods presented herein concisely express the Thakura's realizations of the truths explained by Shrila Rupa Gosvami in his Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu and Ujjvala-nilamani. This chapter also describes practices required to allow one entrance into the Lord's eternal pastimes; 5) Siddha-lalasa is a ten song description of the longing for achieving an eternal spiritual name, dress, body and specific service in the eternal realm of Goloka Vrindavana.
1893 Baula-sangita (Songs of the Mad Wandering Saint)-a collection of twelve songs in Bengali verse. The Thakura saw that Indian society of the day had been overrun by many different groups of pretentious so-called devotees; indeed, they used to wander around the countryside singing bogus songs and begging. They were known as "Baula", or transcendental madmen. However, the Thakura saw them as false devotees and wrote these twelve songs in order that the common people learn the difference between the false Baulas and the real Baulas. The language and dialect of these songs is just like the common street talk of the period, and the Thakura even signed the songs "Canda Baula"-he assumed a Baula name just so people would accept them! These songs each describe the various forms of cheating Baulas, exposing their hypocrisy, and finally propose the correct way for following Lord Chaitanya according to authorized devotional principles.
1893 Dalaler Gita (The Song of the Broker)-a song in Bengali verse that describes how Lord Nityananda has opened up The Marketplace of the Holy Name at Surabhi-kunja, which was the Thakura's headquarters on the island of Godruma in Navadvipa. He says that Nityananda is selling the Name for the price of faith, and he urges his fellow countrymen to purchase these transcendental goods.
1893 Nama-bhajana (The Worship of the Holy Name-a small booklet in English prose on the divine name of Shri Krishna. He thoroughly discusses the goal of Krishna-prema as reached by pure chanting; quoting from various scriptures, he establishes the inconceivable glories of the name; analyzing the process of worshiping the holy name, he proves that the name is an incarnation of Krishna on earth; then finally, he presents the various stages of devotion that are manifest to a soul who is on his way back home to Godhead.
1893 Jaiva Dharma (The Constitutional Religion of the Soul)-a philosophical novel written in Bengali prose. Most of the book is presented as a dialogue of questions and answers between the various characters. The main character is Shri Prema dasa Babaji, who is known as a paramahamsa, or a topmost swan-like devotee of the Lord. One day the Babaji is approached by a sannyasi who is himself very well-versed in the revealed scriptures but has thus far subscribed to the impersonal conception of the absolute. The sannyasi asks many questions, and the Babaji gives the conclusive answers thereby convincing the sannyasi of the superexcellence of the personal theism of the Vaishnavas. Other characters are gradually introduced into the novel, and various philosophical discussions take place. This is a very thorough work, touching on practically every major topic of devotional discussion, and the Thakura has quoted profusely from scripture to support his conclusions. Complete in forty chapters, this book has been composed in the vernacular so that even persons without Sanskrit training can glean the essence of the revealed scriptures. Some topics covered extensively are, the eternal nature of the soul, the truth of bodily castes, proper conduct in domestic life, historical perspective of eternal religion, methods of the soul's release from material bondage, spontaneous devotional service, the truth of the holy name of the Lord, avoiding offenses unto the name, true name vs. semblance of name, etc. The last fifteen chapters of Jaiva Dharma treat the subject of transcendental rasa very elaborately. Two sincere devotees named Vijaya Kumara and Vraja-natha approach Prema dasa Babaji with many questions, and together they discuss the nature of ecstatic symptoms, divine emotions, affection for the Lord in neutrality, servitude, friendship, etc. Vijaya-kumara, who wishes to be further instructed in the conjugal mellow, is directed by Premadasa Babaji to Puri and the lotus feet of Guru Gosvami, a disciple of Svarupa Damodara Gosvami. From him he learns about Krishna's role as the Supreme Hero, Radha's role as the Supreme Heroine, Radha's girlfriends, stimulants for ecstatic love, the Lord's pastimes conducted through eight periods of the day, varieties of enjoyments shared by the Divine Couple, etc. The book ends with a description of how the two devotees Vraja-natha and Vijaya attain the ultimate goal of life-they take the teachings of their preceptors to heart, give up all worldly attachments and simply worship the Lord within their heart of hearts all throughout their days and nights-Vraja-natha on the banks of the Ganges in Shridhama Mayapura and Vijaya-kumara in a secluded cottage near the Puri seashore. Following along the Lord's daily pastimes, they remain absorbed in ecstatic love for Him until they drop their mortal frames and happily return back to Godhead.
1893 Tattva-sutram (Aphorisms of the Truth)-composed in fifty Sanskrit aphorisms divided into five chapters, the Thakura gives a Sanskrit commentary on each verse, plus an elaborate Bengali commentary. The five divisions are 1) The Supreme Lord as the Absolute Truth; 2) The meaning of cit-the cognitive principle; 3) The meaning of acit-the temporary material manifestation; 4) The Relationship Between the Lord and His parts and parcels; and 5) The Concusive Truth Regarding Devotional Principles. All the conclusions presented in this book are backed up by profuse quotations from the Upanishads, the Puranas, Bhagavad-gita, Narada-pancaratra, and many other scriptures.
1894 Vedarka-didhiti (A Ray of the Sun of the Vedas)-a Sanskrit commentary on the Isopanishad found in the Vajasaneya Samhita portion of the Sukla Yajur Veda. This commentary by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura was published along with the Sanskrit explanation of Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana called Isopanishad-bhashyam (An Explanation of Isopanishad). Also included were the Sanskrit notes of the Thakura's friend, Shriyukta Syamalal Gosvami Siddhanta Vacaspati, entitled Isopanishad Bhashya-rahasya-vivriti (The Purport of the Inner Secrets of the Explanation of Isopanishad), plus Syamalal Gosvami's Bengali clarification of the Isopanishad called Siddhantanuvada (Translation of the Truth).
1894 Tattva-muktavali (A Pearl Necklace of Truths) subtitled Mayavada Sata-dushani (A Hundred Refutations of the Impersonalists)-119 Sanskrit verses composed by Shripada Madhvacarya which refute the impersonal Advaita, Vedanta philosophy as spread all over India by Sankaracarya. These verses are at times amusing, as they pierce the shroud of Mayavadi misconceptions with amazing, common-sense logic. Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura had it published with his own Bengali prose translations of each verse. Shri Madhvacarya has composed this book in such a way that anyone who reads it will never fall victim to the fallacy of the Lord's so-called impersonal nature. By citing various scriptures, by offering sensible conclusions and by employing an incredulous form of common sense, Shri Madhvacarya positively establishes the Lord's eternal personal identity.
1895 Amrita-pravaha-bhashya (The Commentary that Flows with Nectar)-a Bengali commentary on Krishna dasa Kaviraja Gosvami's Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita. The Thakura begins and ends this commentary with devotional Bengali lyrics, and the body of the commentary is composed in prose. At the beginning of each of the 62 chapters of Chaitanya-caritamrita, he has included chapter summaries, and in the. course of the text, he has quoted both ancient scriptures and commentaries by recent acaryas.
1895 Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latika (The Desire Creeper of Devotion to Lord Hari)-a Sanskrit work on pure devotion by an unknown author. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit text only. He found a manuscript of this book when he was living in Jagannatha Puri. Although the author was unknown, the Thakura appreciated the pure devotional mood of the text. The book is like a creeper of devotion, and this creeper is subsequently divided into thirteen sections called "clusters". Describing the nine processes of devotional service, headed by hearing, chanting, remembering, etc., the book concludes with a detailed description of the character of a devotee who has attained transcendence by these means.
1895 Shodasa Grantha (Sixteen Books)-a collection of sixteen small Sanskrit works written by Shri Vallabhacarya, a prominent acarya who lived during Lord Chaitanya's time. Edited and published by the Thakura with the original Sanskrit text only.
1895 Shri Gauranga-stava-kalpataru (A Desire-tree Prayer to Lord Gauranga)-a twelve verse poem in Sanskrit from Shrila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami's book Stavavali. Edited and published by the Thakura with the Sanskrit text only. This prayer describes Lord Chaitanya's inconceivable ecstatic bodily transformations that were manifested in His later years at Jagannatha Puri. The author begs that the vision of these ecstatic transformations perpetually awakens in his heart.
1895 Manah-santoshani (That Which Pleases The Mind)-a Bengali verse translation of a Sanskrit work called Shri Krishna Caitanyodayavali by Pradyumna Misra, a relative of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The author of this translation, Shri Jagajjivan Misra, is the eighth descendant of Paramananda Misra, the older brother of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's father, Jagannatha Misra. This work was edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the original text only.
1895 Mukunda-mala-stotram (A Garland of Prayers to Lord Mukunda)-a devotional Sanskrit work from South India by one of the twelve Alvars, King Kulasekhara. Edited and published by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura with the Sanskrit text only. Composed in 62 verses, the prayer glorifies the Lord's transcendental position, begging for eternal menial service at His lotus feet.
1895 Shri Lakshmi-carita (The Life and Character of the Goddess of Fortune)-a short work in Bengali verse by Shri Maladhara Vasu (Gunaraja Khan), the renowned author of Shri Krishna-vijaya (the first Bengali book). Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the original text only.
1895 Bala-Krishna-sahasra-nama (A Thousand Names of Baby Krishna), Gopala-sahasra-nama (A Thousand Names of Cowherd Boy Krishna), Krishnashtottara-sata-nama (108 Names of Krishna), Radhika-sahasra-nama (A Thousand Names of Shrimati Radharani)-four different nama-stotras excerpted from the Narada Pancaratra. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit text only. He printed this nectarean little book for devotees who liked to chant these verses as a regular daily practice.
1895 Shriman Mahaprabhor Ashta-kaliya-lila-smarana-mangala-stotram (The Auspicious Prayer for Remembrance of Lord Chaitanya's Pastimes During Eight-portions-of-the-day)-an eleven verse Sanskrit poem on the pastimes of Shri Chaitanya by an unknown author. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit text only. This prayer is intended to facilitate the daily worship of devotees who follow Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as He relishes Shri Shri Radha-Krishna's pastimes during eight periods of the day.
1896 Shri Gauranga-lila-smarana-mangala-stotram (The Auspicious Prayer for Remembrance of Lord Chaitanya's Pastimes)-104 Sanskrit verses giving a condensed description of all the pastimes and teachings of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu that are found in Shri Chaitanya-Bhagavata and Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita. The Thakura composed this book to fulfill the requests of devotees who asked for something they could chant every day for Lord Chaitanya's glorification. At the beginning of the book he included a 47 page introduction in English prose entitled Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu: His Life and Precepts. This introduction summarizes the contents of the book's Sanskrit verses. Accompanying the Sanskrit verses is a Sanskrit commentary entitled Vikasini Tika by the renowned pandita of Navadvipa, Maha-mahopadhyaya Sitikantha Vacaspati. It was this book which introduced the glories of Lord Chaitanya to the Western world for the first time in the auspicious year of the birth of Shrila Prabhupada.
1896 Shri Ramanuja-upadesa (The Teachings of Ramanuja)-Sanskrit verses explaining the philosophy of Ramanujacarya, with Thakura Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali translation.
1896 Artha-pancaka (Five Meanings)-Thakura Bhaktivinoda's explanatory notes in Bengali on Shri Pillai Lokacarya's famous book of the same name in which five principle points of Ramanuja's philosophy are explained at length.
1896 Sva-likhita Jivani (Autobiography)-This book is a 200 page Bengali prose letter which the Thakura wrote to his son, Lalita Prasad Datta, in response to a request for details of his father's personal life. Lalita Prasad had the book published so that those who knew and loved his father could read and relish it. The Thakura warned in the beginning of the letter that no one should misuse this information, a warning that was repeated in the publisher's preface. The work is an intimate revelation of the Thakura's mind, covering such topics as: the time and place of his birth, early childhood remembrances, descriptions of his grandparents, the prosperity and happiness of the people of Ula, stories of his schooldays, boyhood mischief, early religious revelations, college studies, the deaths of his father and several siblings, his studies of world religions, his lectures in Calcutta, how he began to write books, his first trip to Vrindavana, his enthusiasm for hearing the glories of Lord Chaitanya, his studies of the Gosvamis' literature in Jagannatha Puri while serving as chief magistrate there, his chastisement of false devotees, the births of his many sons and daughters, his composing of many devotional literatures in English, Sanskrit and Bengali, the shifting of his headquarters back to Calcutta and eventually to the island of Godruma in Nadiya, his preaching the glories of the holy name in public by various means, his discovery of Lord Chaitanya's birthplace and founding of a temple there in Mayapura, etc.
1897 Brahma-samhita, 5th Chapter (A Collection of Verses by Lord Brahma)-this book was discovered by Lord Chaitanya on His travels in South India, and it is Lord Brahma's personal account of his birth, his penances and his realization of the spiritual world. In the ninth chapter of the Chaitanya-caritamrita's Madhya-lila, Shrila Prabhupada gives the following summary of the book's contents: "The Brahma-samhita is a very important scripture. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu acquired the Fifth Chapter from the Adi-kesava temple. In that Fifth Chapter, the philosophical conclusion of acintya-bhedabheda-tattva (simultaneous oneness and difference) is presented. The chapter also presents methods of devotional service, the eighteen-syllable Vedic hymn, discourses on the soul, the Supersoul and fruitive activity, an explanation of kama-gayatri, kama-bija and the original MahaVishnu, and a specific description of the spiritual world, specifically Goloka Vrindavana. Brahma-samhita also explains the demigod Ganesa, the Garbhodakasayi Vishnu, the origin of the Gayatri mantra, the form of Govinda and His transcendental position and abode, the living entities, the highest goal, the goddess Durga, the meaning of austerity, the five gross elements, love of Godhead, impersonal Brahman, the initiation of Lord Brahma, and the vision of transcendental love enabling one to see the Lord. The steps of devotional service are also explained. The mind, yoga-nidra, the goddess of fortune, devotional service in spontaneous ecstasy, incarnations beginning with Lord Ramacandra, Deities, the conditioned soul and its duties, the truth about Lord Vishnu, prayers, Vedic hymns, Lord Siva, Vedic literature, personalism and impersonalism, good behavior and many other subjects are also discussed. There is also a description of the sun and the universal forms of the Lord. All these subjects are conclusively explained in a nutshell in this Brahma-samhita." Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit verses, Shrila Jiva Gosvami's commentary and the Thakura's own Bengali introduction, Bengali prose translations and Bengali commentary called Prakasini (That Which Illuminates).
1898 Shri Krishna-karnamrita (Nectar for the Ears of Shri Krishna)-a famous Sanskrit book of nectarean prayers and revelations on Krishna's conjugal pastimes written by Shri Bilvamangala Thakura (Lilasuka). Published and edited by the Thakura with the original Sanskrit verses, the Sanskrit commentary by Chaitanya dasa Gosvami (the older brother of Kavi Karnapura) called Bala-bodhini Tika and the Thakura's own introduction, final summary and Bengali prose translations of the verses. In the ninth chapter of Chaitanya-caritamrita's Madhya-lila, Shrila Prabhupada comments: "This book was composed by Bilvamangala Thakura in 112 verses. There are two or three other books bearing the same name, and there are also two commentaries on Bilvamangala's book. One commentary was written by Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami and the other by Chaitanya dasa Gosvami." In the verses of the section quoted, Shrila Kaviraja Gosvami has written in verses 305-309: "The brahmana community there was composed of pure devotees, who regularly studied a book entitled Krishna-karnamrita, which was composed by Bilvamangala Thakura. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased to hear the book Krishna-karnamrita, and with great eagerness He had it copied and took it with Him. There is no comparison to Krishna-karnamrita in the three worlds. By studying this book, one is elevated to the knowledge of pure devotional service to Krishna. One who constantly reads Krishna-karnamrita can fully understand the beauty and melodious taste of the pastimes of Lord Krishna. The Brahma-samhita and Krishna-karnamrita were two books that Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu considered to be most valuable jewels. Therefore He took them with Him on His return trip."
1898 Piyusha-varshini-vritti (The Explanation That Showers Ambrosia)-Bengali commentary on Shrila Rupa Gosvami's Upadesamrita (The Nectar of Instruction). The Thakura published this book with Rupa Gosvami's original eleven Sanskrit verses accompanied by his own Bengali prose explanations.
1898 Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (The Song of God)-edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the Sanskrit commentary Dvaita-bhashyam (Explanation According to Dvaitavada) by Shripada Madhvacarya.
1898 Shri-Goloka-mahatmyam (The Glories of Goloka Vrindavana)-the second canto of Sanatana Gosvami's Brihad-bhagavatamrita edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with the original Sanskrit text and his own Bengali translations of the verses. This book describes in seven chapters the travels of a devotee named Shri Gopa-kumara. In searching for the supreme truth this devotee is led on an incredible journey throughout all the higher planetary systems of the material universe as well as those of the spiritual world. The various Deities of Vaikuntha successively direct him higher and higher until he finally reaches Shri Shri Radha Krishna's abode in Goloka Vrindavana, the topmost spiritual planet, where he sports in ecstasy with Krishna and the cowherd boys.
1899 The Hindu Idols-a thirty-two page English letter written to the Tract Society of Calcutta. Apparently they had published an article in their periodical entitled "Professor Max Muller on Durga", in which Kali, Durga and Siva were slandered from the Christian viewpoint. Thus, the Thakura wrote this exhaustive response, quoting from the Vedas and Puranas on the true identity of the personalities in question. He concludes by assuming the proper Christian attitude of universal love, which is devoid of sectarian dogmatism and humbly begs the gentlemen of the Tract Society to give up their philosophical inconsistencies.
1899 Shri Bhajanamrita (The Nectar of Worship)-a treatise on pure devotion to the Supreme Lord in Sanskrit prose by Shrila Narahari Sarakara Thakura, a contemporary and intimate associate of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali translation.
1899 Shri Navadvipa-bhava-taranga (A Wave of the Ecstatic Moods of Navadvipa)-168 Bengali verses describing the different transcendental places in the 32 square mile area of Navadvipa as seen through the perfected devotional eyes of a God-realized soul. In this book Thakura Bhaktivinoda does not see the land of Navadvipa as a mundane historical place but rather as the isodyana (transcendental garden) of Lord Chaitanya. The Thakura describes various pastimes that Lord Chaitanya enjoys on different islands at different times of the day in the transcendental realm. At the conclusion of this divine vision, he falls unconscious and attains the samadhi of full realization of his own eternal form as a gopi. Some of Shrimati Radharani's personal maidservants take him by the hand and engage him in eternal personal service to the Divine Couple. Returning to consciousness he remains absorbed as the servant of the servant of Lord Chaitanya.
1900 Shri Harinama-cintamani (The Touchstone of the Name of Hari)-divided into fifteen chapters and composed in Bengali verse form, this book is an account of Shrila Haridasa Thakura's teachings on the holy name. It is actually a conversation between Lord Chaitanya and Haridasa Thakura-the Lord asks questions about the glories of the holy name, and Haridasa Thakura gives extensive answers. The first three chapters describe the inconceivable glories of the holy name, acceptance of the holy name, and chanting the holy name free of impersonalist misconceptions. The fourth through thirteenth chapters elaborate on the ten offenses against pure chanting, and the last two chapters describe 32 offenses to be avoided in the execution of pure devotional service, as well as a nectarean discussion on the process of practicing such devotion culminating in self-realization in pure ecstatic love of Godhead.
1901 Shrimad Bhagavatarka-marici-mala (A Garland of Rays of the Bhagavata Sun)-in this book Thakura Bhaktivinoda has taken all of the principal verses of Shrimad-Bhagavatam and an arranged them in twenty chapters, called "rays". The Sanskrit verses are accompanied by Bengali prose translations and explanations by the Thakura. The Bhagavatam is compared to the brilliant sun, and therefore each particular chapter, or ray of Bhagavata sunlight, expounds upon an aspect of Bhagavata philosophy in three major divisions: sambandha, abhidheya and prayojana.
1901 Padma Purana-edited and published by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura with the 55,000 verse Sanskrit text only. At the time, there were many conflicting manuscripts of the Padma Purana available in the libraries, and many were incomplete. The Thakura then did extensive research to compile one truly complete manuscript of this huge, ancient scripture. This became the definitive edition for scholars and devotees alike.
1901 Sankalpa-kalpadruma (The Desire-tree of Solemn Vows)-a book of Sanskrit verses on the divine pastimes of Shri Shri Radha-Krishna by Shrila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translations. These 104 verses are the prayer of Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura to Shrimati Radharani Herself, begging for eternal service as Her humble maidservant. In the course of this prayer, the author describes the ecstatic daily pastimes of the Divine Couple, and in this description he appeals to Shrimati Radharani for the benediction of specific personal services. Expressing determined resolutions for attaining this service, he finally appeals to other personal maidservants, inhabitants and features of Vrindavana, and even his own mind, asking all for the fulfillment of his desires.
1902 Bhajana-rahasya (Secrets of Divine Worship)-compiled by the Thakura as a supplement to his Hari-nama-cintamani, this Bhajana-rahasya is arranged in eight chapters and the chanting of each chapter is to be observed in correspondence with each three hour period of the twenty-four hour day. Each chapter corresponds to one verse of Shri Chaitanya's Sikshashtakam and deals with one of the eight steps in the gradual development of Krishna-bhajana, as it was enunciated by Shrila Rupa Gosvami in his Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu. All the chapters are filled with scriptural citations in Sanskrit, uniquely explaining the philosophy of Krishna-bhajana and its practice. Each Sanskrit verse is accompanied by Thakura Bhaktivinoda's own Bengali translation in both prose and verse.
1904 Sat-kriya-sara-dipika (Lamplight on the Essence of Rituals to be Performed by Devotees) with the appendix Samskara-dipika (Illuminations on Purificatory Ceremonies)-a Sanskrit work extracted from Hari-bhakti-vilasa, by Shrila Gopala Bhatta Gosvami on the philosophy and ritualistic practice of Vedic samskara ceremonies (rites of purification) for all Gaudiya Vaishnava householders. It also contains the ritualistic codes and institutes for all Gaudiya Vaishnava mendicants. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda with his own Bengali prose translation.
1906 Prema-vivarta (An Error of Love)-a book by Jagadananda Pandita in Bengali verse on Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's philosophy of divine love and the holy name. Edited and published by Thakura Bhaktivinoda, this book describes the unique flavor of apparently contrary love that was shared between Lord Chaitanya and his devotee Jagadananda Pandita. Also treated are many other subjects such as the glories of the Lord's devotees, different types of engagements of different types of devotees, and an exposition on the secret mysteries of the holy name.
1907 Sva-niyama-dvadasakam (Twelve Verses of Self-Imposed Vows)-this is the last literary work of Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura before he shut himself up in his beach-front cottage at Jagannatha Puri. There he worshiped the Lord whole-heartedly, keeping in mind the regulative principles he outlined for himself in this Sva-niyama-dvadasakam. This prayer follows the mood of a prayer by Raghunatha dasa Gosvami entitled Sva-niyama-dasakam (Ten Verses of Self-imposed Vows), and is similarly meant to be chanted and meditated on as a regular daily function. Some topics treated by the Thakura are his objects of devotion birth after birth, rejection of things unfavorable for Shri Shri Radha-Krishna's eternal service, acceptance of favorable practices and devotional qualities, how to live simply and perform Vraja-bhajana, repulsion by things that are disconnected from Shri Radhika, the avoidance of so-called devotees who proudly neglect Shri Radhika, the worship of the lotus feet of Her pure devotee, and finally-firm determination to transcend maya by reading this prayer every day. The prayer ends with a thirteenth verse which assures the reader of attaining the eternal benediction of eternal service to the Divine Couple as a result of reading or reciting this offering. Although the Sanskrit verses and Bengali prose translations were completed by the Thakura, he never finished a Bengali prose commentary on his last work, these Twelve Verses of Self-imposed Vows
The following works of Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura do not have specific dates of publication:
Navadvipa-satakam (A Hundred Verses Glorifying the Land of Navadvipa)-this is a book composed by Shrila Prabhodhananda Sarasvati, one of Lord Chaitanya's direct disciples. The work describes the land of Navadvipa, which is the sporting ground of Lord Chaitanya, in all of its majestic splendor and glory. Thakura Bhaktivinoda translated this book into Bengali verses for easy reading by simple devotees and published it in a small pocket-sized booklet so that it could be carried around even by wandering sadhus. This little volume was thus much appreciated by many persons. In this book, Shrila Sarasvatipada elaborates on the svarupa (or spiritual form) of the Lord's abode, the Lord's mood as He sports therein, the mood of a devotee who is desirous of entering this abode, the rejection of unfavorable material obstacles, and a strongly resolute determination to attain the supreme goal.
Dasa-mula-niryasa (The Extract of the Ten Principles)-a Bengali prose essay which explains a single Sanskrit verse composed by the Thakura. This verse summarizes Lord Chaitanya's philosophy as having ten root principles. The Thakura elaborately explains each principle.
Shri Vishnu Priya O Ananda Bazar Patrika-a monthly Vaishnava journal in Bengali edited by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura and published by his friend Sisir Kumar Ghosh. This periodical was very popular in the Vaishnava community because it contained many nectarean extracts from the scriptures, plus informative articles written by the Thakura and his devotional associates.
Baladeva Vidyabhushana-carita-a biography of Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana written by the Thakura in Bengali prose.
Vedanta-sutra-this classic Vedic philosophy book written by Shrila Vyasadeva was published by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura's friend, Shri Syamalal Gosvami, along with the Govinda-bhashya of Baladeva Vidyabhushana and the explanatory notes of Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura.
This is not a complete list of the literary works of Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura; it is merely a partial list of the most outstanding and influential publications. This list was compiled by Dasaratha-suta dasa.