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Title: Should Lord Gauranga Be Worshiped As God Since He Appeared In The Mood Of His Own Devotee?
User: Damodara Svarupa dasa Date: 2005-03-08 13:08:13
SHOULD LORD GAURANGA BE WORSHIPED AS GOD SINCE HE APPEARED IN THE MOOD OF HIS OWN DEVOTEE? -- By Swami Gaurangapada
Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata Adi 6.58:
aro bole,- “kare dhyana kara, ei dekha
kali-yuge ‘narayana’ muni paratekha”
Even in His childhood Lord Gauranga clearly described His own Tattva to a brahmana who was meditating in the water of the Ganges, "Who are you meditating on? In Kali-yuga I am directly Lord Narayana and you should meditate and worship Me directly."
Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata Madhya 22.15-17:
nija murti shila saba kari nija kole;
apana prakase gauracandra kutuhale.
Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu sat on the throne of Lord Vishnu because He is actually the origin of all Vishnus. He took all His own salagrama-silas forms on His lap and very joyfully revealed Himself as follows.
muni kali-yuge krishna muni narayana;
muni rama rupe kailun sagara bandhana.
The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Gauranga declared: "In Kali-Yuga, I am Krishna and I am Narayana. In the form of Rama, I built a bridge to cross over the ocean."
sutiya achilun ksira sagara bhitare
mora nidra bhangileka nadara hunkare
"I was sleeping in the milk ocean as Kshirodakashayi Vishnu in My Yoga Nidra, but My sleep was broken by the loud cries of Shrila Advaita Acharya."
Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata, Madhya 23.286-287:
akapate krsne kahaye apane
muni deba narayane
kamsasura mari' muni se kamsari
boli choliya baman
"Assuming His actual mood, Lord Gauranga personally declared, "I am Lord Narayana. As Lord Krishna when I killed the demon Kamsa, I became known as Kamsari. It is Me who became Vamana and cheated Bali."
setu-bandha kori rabana samhari
muni se raghaba-ray
koriya hunkar tattwa apanar
kohi' cari-dige ca'y
Lord Gauranga continued: "I built the bridge over the ocean. I killed Ravana. I am Ramacandra, king of the Raghavas." Loudly declaring the truth about Himself, Lord Gauranga looked in the four directions.
"samharimu saba" bali' karaye hunkara
"muni sei, muni sei" bale bare-bara
Lord Gauranga roared loudly, saying, "I will personally kill all the atheists and demons who haress or ridicule my devotees." He repeatedly exclaimed, "I am He, I am He, the Supreme Personality of Godhead."
Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata Adi 6.61-62:
Another brahmana said: "I kept the ingredients for worshiping Vishnu-flowers, durva grass, bhoga, sandalwood pulp, and the Lord's asana-on the bank of the Ganges. When I went to take bath your son Gauranga sat on the Lord's asana, ate the bhoga, smeared Himself with the sandalwood pulp, decorated Himself with the flowers, and ran off. Then He said, 'Why are you unhappy? He for whom you arranged those ingredients has Himself enjoyed them.'"
Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada states in Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata Madhya Khanda 3.8-17 purport:
"Sometimes He would proudly manifest His opulence, smile, and exclaim, 'I am He.' If Lord Gauranga reveals Himself as God to people, there is no deviation from the truth. But if demoniac offenders try to ruin themselves by accepting the statement, 'Everyone is God,' then they will never be benefited."
Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:
Some devotees falsely and very strangely claim that since Lord Gauranga is Lord Krishna in the mood of Shrimati Radharani so one should worship Him only as the topmost Vaishnava or Guru but not God Himself. But if this was the case Lord Gauranga would not have spoken the above verses establishing His own position, name and worship in Kali Yuga. Nor would He have shown His 6-handed form to Lord Nityananda and Shrila Sarvabhauma or His 8-handed form to the brahmana or His Universal or 4-handed from to Lord Advaita Acharya or His Yugala form of Radha-Krishna to Shrila Ramananda Raya if He did not want the devotees to worship Him as God. Since sometimes He played the role of a devotee and sometimes as the Lord, He externally may shown His apparent displeasure about His own worship when He was in the mood of the devotee. But so many times He directly played His original role of God also. All the moods of the Lord are eternal and cannot be rejected but have to be worshiped. In both these cases all His associates have worshiped Him as the Supreme Lord and offered exquisite prayers to Him directly as the Supreme Lord as found all over Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata which is the topmost scripture of Gauranga Dharma. Those who say that one mood and pastimes of the Lord in that mood (for eg. the mood of His own devotee) are more important than another mood and pastimes of the Lord in that mood (for eg. His original mood of God Himself) are differenciating between the eternal and transcendental pastimes of the Lord and accepting only the mood which is convenient to them and thus not accepting the Lord fully.
There is a verse in Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata which states very clearly that Lord Gauranga in His pastimes sometimes accepts role of God Himself and sometimes the role of the topmost devotee. When He is the mood of God, He instructs everyone to chant His own Name and when He is in the mood of His own devotee, He instructs everyone to chant His Name of Krishna. So both of His orders should be followed. Or one of His orders cannot be minimized or rejected. In the manifest pastimes in this material world since He comes to teach His own bhakti He many times assumes the role of a devotee. In the unmanifest and eternal pastimes (nitya lila) in the spiritual world though, He is constantly worshiped by all the residents of Navadvipa and Vrindavana as the Supreme Personality of Godhead as described in Shri Chaitanya Mangala by Shrila Lochana Dasa Thakura. Shrila Narada Muni personally saw the Mahabhishekha of Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu being conducted in Goloka by Shrimati Radharani and the all gopies of Vrindavana on one side and Shrimati Rukmini and all the queens of Dvaraka on the other side.
If Lord Gauranga should not be worshiped as God even though He is God Himself then why did Lord Nityananda Prabhu, Lord Advaita Acharya and all His great associates including Shiva, Brahma, demigods etc. worshiped Him repeatedly with sixteen ingredients (shodasha seva) and boldly and emphatically declared to the world in all the scriptures to accept and worship Lord Gauranga as the Supreme Personality of Godhead and chant His Name constantly?
Why did all the acharyas establish the Deities of Lord Gauranga and Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda-Gauranga and instruct all their followers to worship and serve Them in the same way as Their Lordships Shri Shri Radha Krishna and Krishna-Balarama? This is because They are totally non-different, They are the same personalities and should be worshiped as God because They are God.
If Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu wanted to hide Himself as God, He would have never manifested the topmost sapta prahariya lila (21 hours) Maha-Prakasha Lila where He accepted all worship and offerings of His intimate devotees as described in Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata Madhya Chp 9:
"On another day, the Lord came to Shrivasa Thakura's house, accompanied by Nityananda Prabhu. After all the devotees had assembled, the Lord began looking around Him in the mood of a great king surveying His entourage. Understanding His mood, the devotees began a rousing kirtana.
On other days, the Lord would dance in ecstasy, in the mood of a devotee. Then, changing His mood, He would reveal Himself as the Omnipotent Supreme Lord. But again, that mood would change, and He would revert back to the mood of being a devotee. One day, when the Lord stood up to dance as usual, instead of doing so, He went and sat on Lord Vishnu's throne. Previously, He had sat upon the throne while immersed in devotional ecstasy, but this day was different, for He sat upon the altar purposely. Lord Gauranga sat continuously for twenty-one hours, so that the pastime became known as "sat-prahariya-bhava", "the ecstasy of twenty-one hours".
The devotees stood before the Lord with folded hands, and they felt as if they were residing in the spiritual world. Vishvambhara sat like the Lord of Vaikuntha, and indeed, no one could feel the influence of the illusory energy. Lord Gauranga instructed, "Sing the bathing song" and so the devotees responded. As the devotees sang, the Lord moved His head side to side rhythmically while showering His servants with merciful glances.
To perform the abhisheka, the devotees brought water from the Ganga. First of all, they strained the water and then they added musk, sandalwood paste, camphor and saffron. Nityananda Prabhu was the first to pour water over the Lord's head, while chanting, "jaya, jaya".
Other leading devotees, such as Advaita Acharya and Shrivasa Pandita then bathed the Lord while chanting the "Purusha-sukta" prayers. The devotees of Lord Gaurannga are very well-versed in shastra and the chanting of mantras. The Lord remained seated while the devotees came, one by one, and bathed Him. Usually, on such occasions, 108 water pots were utilized but on this day, the number far exceeded this. At this time, the demigods came there, but they were disguised so as not to be recognized.
Shrivasa's servants and maidservants were engaged in bringing water. A maidservant named Dukhi (meaning, "one who is sad") was one of the water carriers. Seeing her thus engaged, the Lord told her, "Bring more, bring more". Indeed, He was so impressed with her attitude of devotional service that He changed her name to Sukhi (meaning, "one who is happy"), thus indicating that He had taken away all of her material distress.
After bathing the Lord, the devotees dried His body, dressed Him in new clothes and smeared His body with sandalwood paste. The area was then cleaned and worship with sixteen customary items was arranged. Sandalwood paste mixed with tulasi manjaris was offered to the lotus feet of the Lord while the Gopala mantra of ten syllables was chanted.
Afterwards, all of the devotees fell down like sticks at the Lord's lotus feet to offer obeisances. Feeling great love for the Lord, tears falling from their eyes, the devotees prayed, "All glories to the Lord of the universe. Kindly direct Your merciful glance toward the people of this world, who are oppressed by the three-fold miseries. You have appeared within this world to inaugurate the congregational chanting of the holy name of the Lord."
"All glories to Lord Gauranga, the redeemer of the most fallen souls and the supreme shelter of the meek and poor. All glories to Lord Gauranga, who does not see the faults of the living entities, although He is the husband of the goddess of fortune." The devotees were drowning in an ocean of ecstasy, for the Lord had mercifully lifted the veil of maya from within their hearts and offered to them His lotus feet, to be worshiped.
Some devotees brought perfumed oil and smeared it over the Lord's lotus feet and others worshiped Him with offerings of tender tulasi leaves. Some devotees brought precious gems and articles of silver and gold and offered them while falling down at the Lord's lotus feet. Indeed, the number of gifts was countless. There were variously colored silk clothes and varieties of metal containers.
Due to their having served a pure devotee, all of Shrivasa's household servants now had the opportunity to directly serve the Lord's lotus feet. They offered many articles of worship without fear or hesitation because the Lord had put aside His mood of awe and reverence. Each one worshiped the Lord according to his heart's inclination, placing unhusked rice, tulasi, darba grass, musk, saffron, camphor, sandalwood, and varieties of fruit and flowers at His lotus feet.
Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu then told the devotees, holding out His hand, "Bring Me something-I want to eat." Upon hearing this, the devotees hurriedly went and brought a variety of food-bananas, mung dal, dahi, sweetened condensed milk, butter, and milk. They placed their offerings in the Lord's hands, and He ate everything. Some of the devotees ran to the market and returned with the choicest food. They offered the Lord coconuts, varieties of sweets, blackberries, melons and sugar cane. Some people brought water from the Ganga. Indeed, hundreds of devotees brought hundreds of liters of Ganga water and the Lord, who is the greatest mystic, drank it all.
Hundreds of pots of dahi, sweetened condensed milk, and milk- hundreds of bunches of bananas, mountains of sweets-all were immediately consumed as the astonished devotees looked on with gaping mouths.