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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Nityananda Gauranga Naam > Nityananda Gauranga in Vedas > Smritis about NG

Smritis (Puranas, Samhitas, Itihasas, Tantras etc.)

about the Supreme Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu

Translated and Compiled By His Holiness
Bhaktiratna Sadhu Swami Gaurangapada

 

narada-pancaratre

 

(1) bhakti-priyo bhakti-data, damodara ibhas-patih;

indra-darpa-haro 'nanto, nityananda-cid-atmakah.

 

In the Narada-pancaratra, Bala-Krishna-sahasra-nama-stotra, it is said:

 

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead is known by the names Bhakti-priya, Bhakti-data, Damodara, Ibhas-pati, Indra-darpa-hara, Ananta, Nityananda, Cid-atmaka,. . .”

 

(2) chaitanya-rupas chaitanyas, cetana-guna-varjitah;

advaitacara-nipuno, ’dvaitah parama-nayakah.

 

“ . . . Chaitanya-rupa, Chaitanya, Cetana, Guna-varjita, Advaitacara-nipuna, Advaita, Parama-nayaka, . . .”

 

(3) nilah svetah sitah krishno,  gaurah pitambara-cchadah

saci-suta-jaya-pradah

 

“ . . . Nila, Sveta, Sita, Krishna, Gaura, Pitambara-cchada, Saci-suta, and Jaya-prada.”

        

(4) krishna-prema prema-bhakta, hari-bhakti-pradayini;

chaitanya-rupa chaitanya-priya chaitanya-rupini.

 

In the Narada-pancaratra, Radha-sahasra-nama-stotra (140), it is said:

 

“Shrimati Radharani possesses pure love for Lord Krishna and thus She is the giver of pure devotion to Lord Krishna.  She combines with Lord Krishna in the form of Lord Chaitanya.”

 

(5)chaitanya bhuto jivanam, yata chaitanya varjitah

jadi bhuta bhavantiha, chaitanyastu that smritah.

 

“The Lord is also known as Shri Chaitanya because He is present as the Supersoul (supreme consciousness) in the hearts of all living entities. In His absence, everything is simply dull matter.”

 

shrimad-bhagavata-mahapurane

 

(1) krishna-varnam tvishakrishnam, sangopangastra-parshadam;

yajnaih sankirtana-prayair, yajanti hi su-medhasah.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.32) Karabhajana Muni speaks to Videharaja Nimi:

 

“In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead (Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu), who constantly sings the name of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish (but is like molten gold), He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions.”

 

(2) dhyeyam sada paribhava-ghnam abhishta-doham

tirthaspadam siva-virinci-nutam saranyam

bhrityarti-ham pranata-pala-bhavabdhi-potam

vande maha-purusha te caranaravindam

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.33) it is said:

 

“We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of Him, the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He destroys insults to His devotees. He removes the distresses of His devotees and satisfies their desires. He, the abode of all holy places and the shelter of all sages, is worshipable by Lord Siva and Lord Brahma. He is the boat of the demigods for crossing the ocean of birth and death.”*

 

(4)tyaktva sudustyaja-surepsita-rajya-lakshmim

dharmishtha arya-vacasa yad agad aranyam

maya-mrigam dayitayepsitam anvadhavad

vande maha-purusha te caranaravindam

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.34) it is said:

 

“We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He left His householder life (apparently due to the curse of a brahmana), leaving aside His eternal consort (Shrimati Vishnupriya Devi), whom even the denizens of heaven adore. He went into the forest to deliver the fallen souls, who are put into illusion by material energy.”*

 

(5) ittham nri-tiryag-rishi-deva jhashavatarair

lokan vibhavayasi hamsi jagat-pratipan

dharmam maha-purusha pasi yuganuvrittam

channah kalau yad abhavas tri-yugo ’tha sa tvam

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (7.9.38) Shri Prahlada Maharaja states:

 

“My Lord, You kill all the enemies of the world in Your multifarious incarnations in the families of men, animals, demigods, rishis, aquatics and so on. Thus You illuminate the worlds with transcendental knowledge. In the Age of Kali, O Mahapurusha, You sometimes appear in a covered incarnation. Therefore You are known as Tri-yuga [one who appears in only three yugas].”*

 

(6) daksha uvaca

suddham sva-dhamny uparatakhila-buddhy-avastham

cin-matram ekam abhayam pratishidhya mayam

tishthams tayaiva purushatvam upetya tasyam

aste bhavan aparisuddha ivatma-tantrah

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (4.7.26) Daksha prays to the Lord as follows:

 

“O supremely independent Lord! You manifest your pure, transcendental and fearless form in Your own abode known as Shri Mayapura.”

 

(7) asan varnas trayo hy asya, grihnato ’nuyugam tanuh;

suklo raktas tatha pita, idanim krishnatam gatah.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.13) Shri Gargamuni tells Nanada Maharaja:

 

“Your son Krishna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past, He assumed three different colors-white, red and yellow-and now He has appeared in a blackish color.”*

 

adi-purane narada-purane ca

 

aham eva dvija-sreshtho, nityam pracchanna-vigrahah;

bhagavad-bhakta-rupena, lokam rakshami sarvada.

 

In the Adi Purana and the Narada Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“Concealing My true identity during My pastimes, I will assume the form of the topmost brahmana devotee of the Lord. In this form I will always protect all the living entities in this world.”

 

brihan-naradiya purane (5.35)

 

(1) aham eva kalau vipra, nityam pracchanna-vigrahah;

bhagavad-bhakta-rupena,  lokan rakshami sarvada.

 

In the Brihan-naradiya Purana, the Supreme Lord says:

 

“In Kali-yuga, concealing My true identity during My pastimes, I will assume the form of the topmost brahmana devotee of the Lord. In this form I will always protect all the living entities in this world.”

 

(2) divija bhuvi jayadhvam, jayadhvam bhakta-rupinah;

kalau sankirtanarambhe, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

“Therefore my dear demigods, please take birth as devotees on the earth in Kali-yuga. I will then appear as the son of Saci in Kali-yuga and taking all of you along with Me I will inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.”

 

kurma-purane

 

kalina dahyamananam, uddharaya tanu-bhritam;

janma prathama-sandhyayam, bhavishyati dvijalaye.

 

In the Kurma Purana it is said:

 

“For the ultimate deliverance of the conditioned souls burning in the sinful atmosphere of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will take birth in a brahmana's home in the first sandhya (few thousand years in the beginning) of that age.”

 

garuda-purane

 

(1) kalina dahyamananam, paritranaya tanu-bhritam;

janma prathama-sandhyayam,  karishyami dvijatishu.

 

 In the Garuda Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares:

 

“For the upliftment of the conditioned souls burning in the sinful atmosphere of Kali-yuga, I will take birth among the brahmanas in the first sandhya  of that age.”

 

(2) aham purno bhavishyami, yuga-sandhau viseshatah;

mayapure navadvipe, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

“In My original spiritual form which is the source of all the incarnations, I will descend as the transcendental son of Shrimati Sacidevi in Navadvipa-Mayapura at the beginning of Kali-yuga.”

 

(3) kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, lakshmi-kanto bhavishyati;

daru-brahma-samipa-sthah, sannyasi gaura-vigrahah.

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will descend first as the husband of the goddess of fortune, Shrimati Lakshmidevi, and then He will reside near Lord Jagannatha at Purushottama-kshetra (Nilacala) Puri, in the form of a golden sannyasi.”

 

(4) yad gopi-kuca-kumbha-sambhrama-bhararambhena samvardhitah

yad va gopa-kumara-sara-kalaya range subhandi-kritam

yad vrindavana-kanane pravilasac chridama-damadibhis

tat prema-prakatam cakara bhagavan chaitanya-rupah prabhuh

 

In the Garuda Purana it is said:

 

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Shri Krshna, whose eyes glanced at the gopis with increasing agitation due to pure love, who enjoyed most auspicious and glorious playful pastimes with Shridama, Dama and His other cowherd boyfriends in the divine Vrindavana forest,  will appear again to this world to reveal and freely distribute that same pure spiritual love. At that time His name will be Shri Chaitanya.”

 

(5) yo reme saha-ballavi ramayate vrindavane 'har-nisam

yah kamsam nijaghana kaurava-rane yah pandavanam sakha

so 'yam vainava-danda-mandita-bhujah sannyasa-veshah svayam

nihsandeham upagatah kshiti-tale chaitanya-rupah prabhuh

 

“There is absolutely no doubt that the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who enjoyed transcendental pastimes with the gopis, who filled the residents of Vrindavana with divine happiness day and night, who killed Kamsa, the enemy of His devotees and who in the war between the Kauravas and Pandavas, made friendship with His devotees, the Pandavas, will come again to this earth.  He will assume the form of a paramhamsa sannyasi with His arm decorated with a bamboo danda and His name will be Shri Chaitanya.”

 

(6) sadhavah kali-kale tu, tyaktvanya-tirtha-sevanam;

vrindaranye 'thava kshetre, nava-khande vasanti va.

 

“In the age of Kali the devotees will abandon the service of other holy places and live in either Navadvipa or Vrindavana.”

 

devi-purane

 

nama-siddhanta-sampatti-prakasana-parayanah;

kvacit shri-krishna-chaitanya-nama loke bhavishyati.

 

In the Devi Purana it is said:

 

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead Shri Krishna Chaitanya will again appear in this world in the future. He will greatly devoted to His mission of manifesting the great treasurehouse of the conclusions of chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.”

 

nrisimha-purane

 

satye daitya-kuladhi-nasa-samaye simhordhva-martyakritis

tretayam dasa-kandharam paribhavan rameti namakritih

gopalan paripalayan vraja-pure bharam haran dvapare

gaurangah priya-kirtanah kali-yuge chaitanya-nama prabhuh

 

 In the Nrisimha Purana it is said:

 

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appeared in Satya-yuga as Lord Nrisimhadeva in the form of half-man and half-lion to destroy Hiranyakasipu, the king of the demons, and who appeared in Treta-yuga as Lord Ramacandra to kill the great ten-headed demon Ravana, and who appeared in the Dvapara-yuga for protecting and maintaining the cowherd men and women of Vrindavana and removing the burden of the earth, will appear again in the Kali-yuga in a golden form. He will fully relish the chanting of His own holy names and His name will be Lord Chaitanya.”

 

padma-purane

 

(1) yatra yogesvarah sakshad, yogi-cintyo janardanah;

chaitanya-vapur aste vai, sandranandatmakah prabhuh.

 

In the Padma Purana it is said:

 

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is master of all mystic power, who is the object of the yogis’ meditation, who vanquishes the distress of His devotees, will appear in His transcendental form with the name Shri Chaitanya, and in this form He will always remain absorbed in intense spiritual bliss.”

 

(2) kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'ham mahi-tale;

bhagirathi-tate ramye, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

In the Padma Purana, the Supreme Lord affirms:

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear as Gauranga on the earth in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges. I will become the son of Sacidevi and My complexion will be golden.”

 

brahma-purane

 

(1) kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'ham mahi-tale;

bhagirathi-tate bhumni, bhavishyami sanatanah.

 

In the Brahma Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares:

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear as Gauranga on the earth in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges. I will descend in My original eternal form and My complexion will be golden.”

 

brahma-purane-utkala-khande

 

(2) This is a conversation between Lord Vishnu and Goddess Katyayani in the Brahma Purana, Utkala-khanda.

 

“Hearing Lord Narayana's words, Goddess Katyayani said: ‘If in Your heart You are indeed merciful to me, then You must give me Your maha-prasadam remnants. Then every living entity in the world will eat that maha-prasadam. Everyone in the three worlds will easily attain that prasadam.’ Decorated with the jewels of all virtues, Lord Narayana said, ‘I will keep My vow. I will tell you an ancient secret, a secret that will destroy all fears of the flames of repeated birth and death. No one knows this secret. When, using Mount Mandara as the churning rod and the serpent Ananta as the rope, the demigods churned the milk ocean, the kalpa-vriksha tree was born from the friction of the churning. The kalpa-vriksha grants every desire anyone may ask, every desire in the heart. Whatever opulence a person requests, it grants. It does not turn its face from any request.  The kalpa-vriksha tree, which is the glorious, effulgent, and beautiful king of trees, comes from the form of Lord Shri Chaitanya. It is My own form. It is the king of mercy. It has no equal. I will descend to the earth as Shri Chaitanya. I will become a sannyasi. I will enjoy many pastimes. I, the master of the three worlds, will stay on the earth and mercifully preach the truth. Manifesting a humanlike form, I will preach the sankirtana movement in Kali-yuga. My form will be splendid like gold. I will keep My vow. I will preach the highest spiritual love. Now I have revealed My heart to you. Please keep that secret hidden in your heart also. In Kali-yuga I will come as Lord Gaura, the best of incarnations, and with My own glories I will deliver the world.’”

 

bhavishya-purane

 

(1) anandasru-kala-roma-harsha-purnam tapo-dhana

sarve mam eva drakshyanti kalau sannyasa-rupinam

 

In the Bhavishya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“O sage, in Kali-yuga everyone will be very fortunate to see Me in My form as a sannyasi,  with tears of bliss constantly flowing from My eyes and My bodily hairs standing erect in ecstasy. I will also exhibit the great wealth of austerity.”

 

(2) ajayadhvam ajayadhvam, ajayadhvam na samsayah;

kalau sankirtanarambhe, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

In the Bhavishya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“I shall appear. I shall appear. I shall appear in Kali-yuga. Of this there is no doubt. In the age of Kali, I shall descend as the son of Sacidevi to inaugurate the sankirtana movement for the deliverance of all living entities.”

 

(3) In the Pratisarga part of the Bhavishya Purana, Chapter 20, verses 71-73:

 

“Lord Jagannatha, the Supreme Lord  Hari Himself,  spoke these attractive words for the welfare of all: ‘Both the mlecchas who are born from mixed countries ruled by descendants of Kasyapa (demons) and the sudras, will become brahmanas by initiation. They will wear sikha (tuft of hair on the back side of the head) and brahmana threads and will become well-versed in the uncontaminated fruit of the Vedas (Shrimad-Bhagavatam). They will worship Me by the sankirtana-yajna prescribed by the Lord of Lords, the protector of Sacidevi (Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu).’’’

 

agni-purane

 

prasantatma lamba-kanthas, gaurangas ca suravritah

 

In the Agni Purana it is said:

 

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Gauranga will appear in a golden form with a graceful long neck and a peaceful heart, surrounded by His saintly devotees.”

 

saura-purane

 

su-pujitah sada gaurah, krishno va veda-vid dvijah.

 

In the Saura Purana it is said:

 

“One should always devotedly worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead in His two eternal forms. He is either the dark Lord Krisna or the fair Lord Gaura, a brahmana who knows the meaning of all the Vedas.”

 matsya-purane

 

mundo gaurah su-dirghangas, tri-srotas-tira-sambhavah;

dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavishyami kalau yuge.

 

In the Matsya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“In the Kali-yuga I will appear in a place (Navadvipa) where the three rivers meet (Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati). I will be fair with a shaven head and will have five large bodily parts (nose, arms, chin, eyes and knees). I will be very merciful and enchanted by the chanting of My own holy names.”

 

vayu-purane*

 

(1) paurnamasyam phalgunasya, phalguni-riksha-yogatah;

bhavishye gaura-rupena, saci-garbhe purandarat.

 

In the Vayu Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“On the most auspicious evening on the day of Purnima (full moon) in the month of Phalguna (February 18, 1486 A.D.),  I will appear in a golden form begotten by Shri Jagannatha Misra in Sacidevi's womb.”

 

(2) suddho gaurah su-dirghango, ganga-tira-samudbhavah;

dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavishyami kalau yuge.

 

“In the Kali-yuga I will appear in a place (Navadvipa) on the shores of the Ganges. I will be pure and fair and will have five large bodily parts (nose, arms, chin, eyes and knees). I will be very merciful and enchanted by the chanting of My own holy names.”

 

*Full passage from Vayu Purana will follow later.

 

markandeya-purane

 

golokam ca parityajya, lokanam trana-karanat;

kalau gauranga-rupena, lila-lavanya-vigrahah.

 

In the Markandeya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“In the Kali-yuga I will give up My own eternal abode Goloka Vrindavana, and I will assume the form of the most handsome and playful Lord Gauranga to rescue all the living entities in the universe.”

 

varaha-purane

 

aham eva dvija-sreshtho, lila-pracurya-vigrahah;

bhagavad-bhakta-rupena, lokan rakshami sarvada.

 

 In the Varaha Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“I will appear in the form of a topmost brahmana and a great devotee of Lord Krishna. At that time I will be the embodiment of unlimited transcendental pastimes, which will be manifested for the   protection of all living entities.”

 

vamana-purane

 

kali-ghora-tamas-channat, sarvan acara-varjitan;

saci-garbhe ca sambhuya, tarayishyami narada.

 

In the Vamana Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“O Narada, in the dense darkness of Kali-yuga arising due to ignorance and indulgence in prohibited activities, I will take birth in Shrimati Sacidevi’s (mother of the universe) womb and  deliver the most sinful people from their miserable situation.”

 upa-purane

 

aham eva kvacid brahman, sannyasashritam ashritah;

hari-bhaktim grahayami, kalau papa-hatan naran.

 

In the Upapuranas, the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna speaks to Vyasadeva:

 

“O learned brahmana, sometimes I accept the renounced order of life to induce the fallen people of the age of Kali to accept devotional service to the Lord.”*

 

vishnu-purane

 

nihsvadhyaya-vashat-karo, svadha-svaha-vivarjite;

tatah pravir asau viprah, kvacil loke bhavishyati.

 

In the Vishnu Purana it is said:

 “When there will be no study of Vedic literatures and no sacrifices with the chanting of vashat-kara, svadha, and svaha in Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in form of a brahmana.”

 

narayana-samhitayam

 

dvapariyair janair vishnuh, pancaratrais tu kevalaih;

kalau tu nama-matrena, pujyate bhagavan harih.

 

In the Narayana-samhita it is said:

 

“In the Dvapara-yuga, people should worship Lord Vishnu only by the regulative principles of the Narada-pancaratra and other such authorized books. In the Age of Kali, however, people should simply chant the holy names of the Supreme Personality of Godhead (who will personally appear to teach this yuga-dharma).”*

 

tantre

 

evam anga vidhim kritva, mantri dhyayed yathacyutam;

kalaya-kusuma-syamam, druta-hema-nibham tu va.

 

In the Tantras it is said:

 

O dear one, a person following the rules & regulations of the scriptures should meditate by the chanting of mantras on that infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appears in two forms: one dark like a kalaya flower (Krishna), and the other fair like molten gold (Gaura).”

 

urdhvamnaya-tantre

 

(1) sandhau krishno vibhuh pascad, devakyam vasudevatah;

kalau purandarat sacyam, gaura-rupo vibhuh smritah.

In the Irdhvamnaya-tantra, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“In the sandhya at the end of Dvapara-yuga, I appeared as the dark all-powerful Lord Krisna, the son of Vasudeva and Devaki. In Kali-yuga, however, I will appear as the golden all-powerful Lord Gaura, the transcendental son of Jagannatha Misra and.”

 

(2) avataram imam kritva, jiva-nistara-hetuna;

kalau mayapurim gatva, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

“For the deliverance of the conditioned souls in Kali-yuga, I will incarnate in Shridhama Mayapura as the son of Shrimati Sacidevi.”

 

(3) kalau purandarat sacyah, gaura rupo vibhuh smritah;

mahaprabhur iti khyatah, sarva lokaika pavanah.

 

“In Kali-yuga, the Supreme Lord will descend as the all-powerful Lord Gaura (golden form) as the son of Jagannatha Misra and Sacidevi. He will be known as Mahaprabhu and will purify the whole universe.”

 

(4) vaivasvatantare brahman, ganga-tire su-punya-de;

hari-nama tada dattva, candalan haddikams tatha.

 

“O brahmana, I will descend on the sacred banks of the Ganges during the Vaivasvata-manvantara and I will even deliver the candalas (dog-eaters) and outcastes by awarding them My holy names.”

 

(5) brahmanan kshatriyan vaishyan, sataso ’tha sahasrasah;

uddharishyamy aham tatra, tapta-svarna-kalevarah.

sannyasam ca karishyami, kancana-gramam ashritah.

 

“At that time, I will also deliver hundreds and thousands of brahmanas, kshatriyas and vaisyas.

My form will as splendid as molten gold and I will go to Kancana-grama (Katwa) and accept the renounced order (sannyasa).

 

GAURA-GAYATRI  MANTRA IS MENTIONED IN  IRDHVAMNAYA-TANTRA

 

(vi) ‘klim gauraya namah’ iti, sarva lokeshu pujitah;

maya-ramananga-bijaih, vag-bijena ca pujitah

 

shadaksharah kitito ’yam, mantra-rajah sura-drumah

 

In the Irdhvamnaya-tantra, Shrila Vyasadeva describes the six-syllable gaura-mantra to Shrila Narada:

 

“This gaura-mantra (gauraya namah) is worshipped by all the people in the world by using the bija-mantras of Maya, Rama, Ananga and Sarasvati. I have chanted to you this the six-syllable gaura-mantra (klim gauraya namah), which is like a desire tree because it fulfills all our desires and grants us pure love for Krishna.”

 

kapila-tantre (Ninth Patala)

 

(1) kvacit sapi krishnam aha, shrinu mad-vacanam priya;

bhavata ca sahaikatmyam, icchami bhavitum prabho.

 

In the Kapila Tantra it is said:

 

“Then Shrimati Radharani said to Lord Krisna: ‘O my beloved Lord, please hear My words. I intensely desire to become one with You.’

 

(2) mama bhavanvitam rupam, hridayahlada-karanam; parasparanga-madhya-stham, krida-kautuka-mangalam.

 

‘Please show Me a form which is the personification of My love for You, which is greatly delightful to My heart, which is manifested by the transcendental union and Our two bodies and which is filled with auspicious and blissful pastimes.’

 

(3) paraspara-svabhavadhyam rupam ekam pradarsaya

srutva tu preyasi-vakyam parama-priti-sucakam

 

‘Please show Me that form which is enriched by Our two natures.’ In this way Lord Krisna heard these words which were spoken by His beloved with intense love.

 

(4) svecchayasid yatha purvam, utsahena jagad-guruh;

premalingana-yogena, hy acintya-sakti-yogatah.

 

Hearing this, the master of the universe Lord Krisna enthusiastically embraced Her. Then, by the arrangement of His inconceivable potency, . . .

 

(5) radha-bhava-kanti-yuktam, murtim ekam prakasayan;

svapne tu darsayam asa, radhikayai svayam prabhuh.

 

 . . . Their two divine forms merged into one single splendid golden form of Krisna (Gauranga) endowed with the sentiment, love and golden complexion of His greatest devotee Shrimati Radharani. This form was shown by Lord Krishna to Shrimati Radhika in a dreamlike trance.”

 

(6) jambudvipe kalau ghore, mayapure dvijalaye;

janitva parshadaih sardham, kirtanam prakatishyati.

 

In the Kapila Tantra, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“In the horrible Kali-yuga, I will descend in a brahmana’s home in Mayapura, in Jambudvipa. Assisted by My eternal associates, I will manifest the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.”

 

krishna-yamale

 

(1) aham purno bhavishyami, yuga-sandhau viseshatah;

mayapure navadvipe, varam ekam saci-sutah.

 

In the Krisna-yamala, the Supreme Lord confirms:

 

“During the first sandhya of Kali-yuga I will descend in My most complete and original form , in Mayapura in heart of Navadvipa as the divine son of Sacidevi.”

 

(2) iti matva kripa-sindhur, amsena kripaya harih;

prasanno bhakta-rupena, kalav avatarishyati.

 

In the Krishna-yamala it is said:

 

“Thinking in this way, Lord Krishna, who is an ocean of mercy, mercifully decided to appear in Kali-yuga, in the form of His own blissful devotee along with all His parts or amsas (associates).”

 

(3) gaurango nada-gambhirah, sva-namamrita-lalasah;

dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavishyati saci-sutah.

 

“His limbs will be golden and His voice deep. He will increasingly hanker to taste the nectar of His own holy names and will be completely enchanted by it . He will be the most merciful son of Shrimati Sacidevi.

 

(4) matva tan-mayam atmanam, pathan dvy-aksharam uccakaih;

gata-trapo madonmatta-gajavad viharishyati.

 

“Fully absorbed within Himself and loudly chanting the two syllables of His own holy name (‘krish’ and ‘na’ or ‘ha’ and ‘ri’), the Lord will enjoy pastimes like a maddened elephant, becoming indifferent to public opinion.”

 

(6) bhuvam prapte tu govinde, chaitanyakhya bhavishyati;

amsena tatra yasyanti, tatra tat-purva-parshadah.

prithak prithan namadheyah, prayah purusha-murtayah.

 

“In this way Lord Govinda will descend as Lord Chaitanya on this earth. His expansions and eternal associates will also descend with Him to this world and all of them will mostly assume  male forms having many variegated names.”

 

(7) punya-kshetre navadvipe, bhavishyati saci-sutah.

 

“In the most sacred of all holy places, Shri Navadvipa, the Supreme Lord will appear as the son of Sacidevi.”

 

brahma-yamale

 

(1) athavaham dharadhame, bhutva mad-bhakta-rupa-dhrik;

mayayam ca bhavishyami, kalau sankirtanagame.

 

In the Brahma-yamala, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“Sometimes I personally appear on the surface of the earth in the garb of My own devotee. In this form, I appear in Shri Mayapura in Kali-yuga to inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.”

 

(2) gaurangam gaura-diptangam, pathet stotram kritanjalih;

nanda-gopa-sutam caiva, namasyami gadagrajam.

 In the Brahma-yamala it is also said:

 

“With great devotion and folded hands, one should recite the following prayer before Lord Gauranga, whose limbs are as effulgent as molten gold: ‘I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna, the the son of the Nanda Maharaja and the elder brother of Gada.’”

 

(3) kalau prathama-sandhyayam, hari-nama-pradayakah;

bhavishyati navadvipe, saci-garbhe janardanah.

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, Lord Hari, who vanquishes the distress of His devotees, will appear in Sacidevi's womb in Navadvipa to freely distribute the nectar of His own holy names.”

 

(4) jiva-nistaranarthaya, nama-vistaranaya ca;

yo hi krshnah sa caitanyo, manasa bhati sarvada.

 

“Let that form of Lord Chaitanya, who is non-different from Lord Krishna, and who descends for delivering the conditioned souls and spreading the glories of His own holy names, always splendidly manifest in my mind.”

 

(5) bhavishyami ca chaitanyah, kalau sankirtanagame;

hari-nama-pradanena, lokan nistarayamy aham.

 

In Kali-yuga, I will appear as Shri Chaitanya to inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.

By awarding the highest treasure of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra to the people, I will deliver all of them.”

 

visvasara-tantre

 

(1) gangayah dakshine bhage, navadvipe manorame;

kali-papa-vinasaya, saci-garbhe sanatani.

 

In the Visvasara Tantra, Lord Siva said to Candi:

 

“O eternal goddess, in order to destroy the sins of Kali-yuga, I will appear in the womb of Sacidevi, in the most beautiful Navadvipa, which is on the southern shore of the Ganges.”

 

(2) janishyati priye misra-purandara-grihe svayam;

phalgune paurnamasyam ca, nisayam gaura-vigrahah.

 

“O beloved, on the most auspicious evening on the day of Purnima (full moon) in the month of Phalguna (February 18, 1486 A.D.),  I will appear in a golden form in the home of Shri Jagannatha Misra.”

 

kularnava-tantre

 

tatah kale ca samprapte, kalau ko ’pi maha-nidhih;

hari-nama-prakasaya, ganga-tire janishyati.

 

In the Kularnava Tantra,  Lord Siva said to Parvati:

 

“At the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is a great treasure house of transcendental qualities, will take birth by the Ganges’ shore in order manifest the chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.”

 

jaimini-bharate-asvamedha-parve (Chapter 32)

 

(1) bhakti-yoga-prakasaya, lokasyanugrahaya ca;

sannyasasramam ashritya, krisna-chaitanya-rupa-dhrik.

 In the Jaimini-bharata, Asvamedha Parva, Chapter 32, Narada Muni tells Uddhava:

 

“To show mercy to the people by manifesting the science of His own devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will descend to the earth. He will accept the sannyasa-asrama and His name will be Shri Krishna Chaitanya.”

 

(2) In the Jaimini-bharata, Asvamedha Parva, Chapter 32, Lord Krishna tells Narada:

 

“Happily smiling, Lord Krishna told Narada: ‘Rukmini just told Me about the glories of ecstatic love for My  feet. Hearing her words I, even though I am the Supreme Lord Himself, have become ovewhelmed by the greatness of that love which My devotees possess for Me.    I will thus personally taste the bliss of that ecstatic love and I will make the whole world taste it also. Assuming a humble nature by becoming My own devotee, I will manifest in the Kali-yuga. The Kali-yuga is horrible. It is filled with sins. Religion is not present in it. Therefore, becoming humble, I will teach the world. Speaking in this way, Lord Krishna manifested a most beautiful fair form splendid like gold, a form filled with ecstatic spiritual love, a form with a broad chest and two arms that touched His knees. Then He vowed: “In this form, I will widely distribute ecstatic spiritual love for Me.’”

 

(iii) anyavatara bahavah, sarve sadharana matah;

kalau krishnavataras tu, gudhah sannyasa-vesha-dhrik.

 

“Lord Krishna descends to the world in many different incarnations which only partially  exhibit His potencies. However, in Kali-yuga, He directly appears Himself with His complete potencies in a hidden incarnation disguised as a sannyasi.”

 

vishnu-yamale

 

krishna-chaitanya-namna ye, kirtayanti sakrin narah;

nanaparadha-muktas te, punanti sakalam jagat.

 

In theVishnu-yamala it is said:

 

“Those who chant the name Krishna Chaitanya even once, become free from all offenses and purify all the worlds.”

 

brahma-rahasye

 

krishna-caitanyeti nama, mukhyan mukhyatamam prabhoh;

helaya sakrid uccarya, sarva-nama-phalam labhet.

 

In the Brahma-rahasya it is said:

 

“The holy name Krishna Chaitanya is the topmost even among all the important primary holy names of the Lord. By chanting this name just once, a person attains the results of chanting all the other holy names of the Lord.”

 

yoga-vasishthe

 

kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango ’sau mahi-tale;

bhagirathi-tate ramye, bhavishyati sanatanah.

 

In the Yoga-vasishtha it is said:

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Shri Gauranga will appear on this earth on the beautiful banks of the Ganges, in His eternal golden form.”

 

vishnu-sahasra-nama-stotre (Mahabharata, Dana-dharma)

 

suvarna-varno hemango, varangas candanangadi;

sannyasa-kric chamah santo, nishtha-santi-parayanah.

 

In the Vishnu-sahasra-nama-stotra it is said:

 

“In His early pastimes He appears as a householder with a golden complexion. His limbs are beautiful, and His body, smeared with the pulp of sandalwood, seems like molten gold. In His later pastimes He accepts the sannyasa order, and He is equipoised and peaceful. He is the highest abode of peace and devotion, for He silences the impersonalist nondevotees.”

 

skanda-purane

 

antah krishno bahir gaurah, sangopangastra-parshadah;

saci-garbhe samapnuyam, maya-manusha-karma-krit.

 

In the Skanda Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“Outwardly of a fair complexion, but inwardly Krishna, I will take birth in Sacidevi's womb, accompanied by My associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions. Due to influence of My illusory energy, atheistic people will consider Me an ordinary human being.”

 

shri ananta-samhitayam

 

svarnadi-tiram ashritya, navadvipe dvijalaye;

sampradatum bhakti-yogam, lokasyanugrahaya ca.

 

     ananta-samhitayam - in the Ananta-samhita; svarnadi-tiram - on theshore of the Ganges; ashritya - taking shelter; navadvipe - in Navadvipa; dvijalaye - in a brahmana's home; sampradatum - to give; bhakti-yogam - devotional service; lokasyanugrahaya - to give mercy to the people; ca - and.

 

In the Ananta-samhita

 

“To show mercy to the people and give them devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in a brahmana's home in Navadvipa by the Ganges' shore.

 

Text 51

 

sa eva bhagavan krishno, radhika-prana-vallabhah

shrishty-adau sa jagannatho, gaura asin mahesvari

 

     sa - He; eva - indeed; bhagavan - th4e Supreme Personality of Godhead; Krishnah - Lord Krishna; radhika-prana-vallabhah - more dear than life to Shri Radha; sarty-adau - in the beginning of creation; sa - He; jagannathah - the Lord of the universes; gaura - Gaura; asin - became; mahesvari - O Mahesvari.

 

    “The Supreme Person, Shri Krishna Himself, who is the life of Shri Radharani, and is the Lord of the universe in creation, maintenance, and annihilation, appears as Gaura, O Mahesvari.”*

 

Text 52

 

avatirno bhavishyami, kalau nija-ganaih saha;

saci-garbhe navadvipe, svardhuni-parivarite.

 

     avatirnah - descended; bhaviryami - I will become; kalau - in Kali-yuga; nija-ganaih - My associates; saha - with; saci-garbhe - in Saci's womb; navadvipe - in Navadvipa; svardhuni-parivarite - surrounded by the Ganges. Š

 

    “In Kali-yuga I will descend to the earth with My associates. In Navadvipa, which is surrounded by the Ganges, I will take birth in Saci-devi's womb.

 

Texts 53 and 54

 

aprakasyam idam guhyam, na prakasyam bahir mukhe;

bhaktavataram bhaktakhyam, bhaktam bhakti-pradam svayam

 

man-maya-mohitah kecin, na jnasyanti bahir-mukhah;

jnasyanti mad-bhakti-yuktah, sadhavo nyasino ’malah.

 

     aprakasyam - not to be revealed; idam - this; guhyam - secret; na - not; prakasyam - to be revealed; bahir-mukhe - external; bhaktavataram - the incarnation of a devotee; bhaktakhyam - known as a devotee; bhaktam - a devotee; bhakti-pradam - giving devotional service; svayam - personally; man-maya-mohitah - bewildered by My illusory pitency; kecin - some; na - not; jnasyanti - will understand; bahir-mukhah - external; jnasyanti - will understand; mad-bhakti-yuktah - engaged in My devotional service; sadhavah - saintly; nyasinah - renounced; amalah - pure.

 

    “They who are bewildered by My illusory potency will not understand the great secret of the appearance in this world of Me in My personal form, in My form as the incarnation of a devotee, in My form bearing the name of a devotee, in My form as a devotee, and in My form as the giver of devotional service. This secret is not to be revealed to them. Only the saintly, pure, renounced devotees, diligently engaged in My devotional service, will be able to understand Me in these five forms.

 

     Note: This verse, reminiscent of Chaitanya-caritamata Adi 1.14, describes the panca-tattva.

 

Text 55

 

krishnavatara-kale yah, striyo ye purushah priyah;

kalau te ’vatarishyanti, shridama-subaladayah.

 

     Krishnavatara-kale - at the time of Lord Krishna's incarnation; yah - who; striyah - women; ye - who; pururah - men; priyah - dear; kalau - in Kali-yuga; te - they; avatariryanti - will descend; shridama-subaladayah - headed by Shridama and Subala.

 

    “My dear male and female associates, headed by Shridama and Subala, who came to this world at the time of My advent as Lord Krishna, will come again during the Kali-yuga.

 Š

Text 56

 

catuh-shashti-mahantas te, gopa dvadasa balakah;

dharma-samsthapanarthaya, viharishyami tair aham.

 

     catuh-rarti-mahantah - 64 mahantas; te - they; gopa - gopas; dvadasa - 12; balakah - boys; dharma-samsthapanarthaya - to establish the4 truth of religion; vihariryami - I will enjoy pastimes; taih - with them; aham - I.

 

    “The gopas will become the sixty-four mahantas and the twelve gopalas. To establish the truth of religion, I will enjoy many pastimes with them.

 

Text 57

 

kale nashtam bhakti-patham, sthapayishyamy aham punah;

gacchantu bhuvi te putrah, jayantam bhakta-rupinah;

dharma-samsthapanam kale, kurvantu te mamajnaya.

 

     kale - in time; nartam - destroyed; bhakti-patham - the poath of devotional service; sthapayiryami - will establish; aham - I; punah - again; gacchantu - should go; bhuvi - to the earth; te - they; putrah - sons; jayantam - should take birth; bhakta-rupinah - in the forms of devotees; dharma-samsthapanam - the establishment of religion; kale - at the time; kurvantu - should do; te - they; mama - My; ajnaya - by the order.

 

     In this way I will again reveal the path of devotional service, which had been destroyed in the course of time. My sons should also descend to the earth, assume the forms of devotees, and, by My order, also work to re-establish the principles of true religion.

 

Text 58

 

krishnas chaitanya-gaurango, gauracandrah saci-sutah;

prabhur gauro gaura-harir, namani bhakti-dani me.

 

     Krishnah - Krishna; chaitanya - Chaitanya; gaurangah - Gauranga; gauracandrah - Gaurachandra; saci-sutah - Sacisuta; prabhuh - Mahaprabhu; gaurah - Gaura; gaura-harih - Gaurahari; namani - names; bhakti-dani - giving devotional service; me - of Me.

 

     At this time My names will be: Krishna Chaitanya, Gauranga, Gaurachandra, Sacisuta, Mahaprabhu, Gaura, and Gaurahari. Chanting these names will bring devotion to Me.”

 ananta-samhitayam 79

 

gauri shri-radhika devi, harih krishnah prakirtitah;

ekatvac ca tayoh sakshad, iti gaura-harim viduh.

 

     ananta-samhitayam - in the Ananta-samhita; gauri - fair; shri-radhika - Shri Radha; devi - Goddess; harih - Lord Hari; Krishnah - dark; prakirtitah - glorified; ekatvac - because of oneness; ca - and; tayoh - of Them both; sakrat - directly; iti - thus; gaura-harim - Gaurahari; viduh - is known.

 

     In the Ananta-samhita it is said:

 

     Fair Goddess Radha is known by the name Gauri and dark Lord Krishna is known by the name Hari. Aware that They both have combined in the form of Shri Chaitanya, the the wise call Him Gaurahari.”

 

Text 80

 

navadvipe ca sa krishna, adaya hridaye svayam;

gajendra-gamanam radham, sada ramayate muda.

 

     ananta-samhitayam - in the Ananta-samhita; navadvipe - in navadvipa; ca - and; sa - He; Krishna - Lord Krishna; adaya - taking; hadaye - in the heart; svayam - pwersonally; gajendra-gamanam - who is graceful like an elephant; radham - Shri Radha; sada - always; ramayate - delights; muda - happily.

 

     In the Ananta-samhita it is also said:

 

     Lord Krishna will appear in Navadvipa. Taking Her into His heart, Lord Krishna will again and again please Shri Radha, who is graceful like the best of elephants. Š

 

Text 81

 

navadvipe tu tah sakhyo, bhakta-rupa-dharah priye;

ekangam shri-gaura-harim, sevante satatam muda.

 

     navadvipe - in Navadvipa; tu - indeed; tah - them; sakhyah - the gopis; bhakta-rupa-dharah - in the forms of devotees; priye - O beloved; eka - one; angam - body; shri-gaura-harim - Shri Gaurahari; sevante - serve; satatam - always; muda - happily.

 

     O beloved, assuming the forms of devotees, the gopis will also take birth in Navadvipa. With great happiness they will again and again serve Lord Gaurahari, who is Radha and Krishna combined in a single form.

 

Text 82

 

ya eva radhika-krishnah, sa eva gaura-vigrahah;

yac ca vrindavanam devi, navadvipam ca tat subham.

 

     yah - who; eva - indeed; radhika-Krishnah - Radha and Krishna; sa - He; eva - indeed; gaura-vigrahah - a golden form; yat - which; ca - and; vandavanam - Vrndavana; devi - O goddess; navadvipam - navadvipa; ca - and; tat - that; subham - beauty.

 

     O goddess, Radha and Krishna will combine to become a single golden form, and Vandavana will become beautiful Navadvipa.

 

Texts 83 and 84

 

vrindavane navadvipe, bheda-buddhis ca yo narah;

tam eva radhika-krishne, shri-gaurange paratmani.

 

mac-chala-pata-nirbhinna-dehah so ’pi naradhamah;

pacyate narake ghore, yavad ahuta-samplavam.

 

     vandavane - in Vrndavana; navadvipe - in Navadvipa; bheda-buddhih - the idea of difference; ca - and; yah - who; narah - person; tam - that; eva - indeed; radhika-karne - in Radha and Krishna; shri-gaurange - in Lord Chaitanya; paratmani - the Supreme Personality of Godhead; mat - my; sula - trident; pata - falling; nirbhinna - broken apart; dehah - body; so 'pi - he; naradhamah - the lowest of persons; pacyate - is cooked; narake - in hell; ghore - terrible; yavat - as long as; ahuta-samplavam - the flooding of water.

 

  With my trident I will cut into pieces anyone who thinks that Vandavana and Navadvipa are different, or that Radha-Krishna and Lord Gauranga are different, or that Lord Gauranga is not the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such a person is most degraded. He will burn in a terrible hell until the time when the universe is flooded with water.

 

shri-mahadevá uvaca

 

In Shri Ananta-samhita, Part Two, Chapter Two entitled Shri Chaitanya-janma-khanda, Lord Siva describes to Parvati:

 

 Text 4

 

shri-mahadevá uvaca

 

aho ’ti-bhagyam tava saila-putri

radha-samam tvam hi jagada visnuh

shri-krishna-chaitanya-kathasu kante

yogyasi krishnarpita-deha-buddhih

 

Text 5

 

yasyasti bhaktir vraja-raja-putre

shri-radhikayam ca hareh samayam

tasyasti chaitanya-kathadhikaro

harer abhaktasya na vai kadacit

 

Text 6

 

ya adi-devo ’khila-loka-natho

yasmad idam sarvam abhut paratma

layam punar yasyati yatra cante

tam krishna-chaitanyam avehi kante

 

Text 7

.fn 2

 

brahmeti yam veda-vido vadanti

vidvamsam adyam khalu kecid ahuh

isam tathanye jagad-eka-natham

pasyanti kecid purushottamam ca

 

Text 8

.fn 2

 

kecit karma-phalam prahuh, kecit ahuh pitamaham;

kecia yajnesvaram prahuh, sarvajnam apare jaguh.

 

Text 9

 

ya eva bhagavan krishno, radhika-prana-vallabhah;

shrishtyadau sa jagannatho, gaura asin mahesvari.

 

Text 10

 

kevalam suddha-chaitanyam, tad evasid varanane;

tasmat tam krishna-chaitanyam, pravadanti manishinah.

 

Text 11

.fn 2

 

adharasya krishih sabdo, nas ca visvasya vacakah;

visvadharam tõ yaa brahma, tad vai krishnam vidur budhah.

 

Text 12

.fn 2

 

vistaran me nigaditah, sruto yah krishna isvarah;

visvadau gaura-kantitvat, gaurangam vaishnavah viduh.

 

Text 13

.fn 2

 

na tada prakritir devi, rajah-sattva-tamo-mayi;

yaya vishrijyate visvam, uta kim mahad-adayah.    

 

Text 14

.fn 2

 

paratmane namas tasmai, sarva-karana-hetave;

adi-devaya gauraya, sac-cid-ananda-rupine.

 

Text 36

.fn 2

 

koti-kalpar jitaih punyair, vaishnavah syan maha-mate;

tatah syad radhika-krishna-lilasu rucir uttama.

 

Text 37

.fn 2

 

syad yasya radhika-krishna-lilayam parama matih;

jivan-muktah sa vijneyah, pujyah syad daivatair api.

 

Text 38

.fn 2

 

vina shri-gopika-sangam, kalpa-koti-satam param;

sravanat kirtanad vishnor, na radha-krishnam apnuyat.

 

Text 39

.fn 2

 

gopi-sangam na capnoti, shri-gaura-caranad rite;

tasmat tvam sarva-bhavena, shri-gauram bhaja sarvada.

 

Text 40

.fn 2

 

gauranga-caranambhoja-makaranda-madhuvratah;

sadhanena vina radham, krishnam prapsyanti niscitam.

 

Text 42

.fn 2

 

radhika-vallabhah krishno, bhaktanam priya-kamyaya;

shrimad-gauranga-rupena, navadvipe virajate.

 

.fn 1

Text 43

.fn 2

 

gopi-bhava-pradanartham, bhagavan nanda-nandanah;

bhakta-vesa-dharah santo, dvi-bhujo gaura-vigrahah.

 

Text 44

.fn 2

 

ajanu-lambita-bhujas, caru-drik rucirananah;

krishneti mangalam nama, gayan uccair nijasya ca.

 

Text 45

.fn 2

 

gopi gopiti gopiti, japann eva kvacit kvacit;

kvacit sannyasa-krid devo, bibrad dandam kamandalum;

jivanam jnanadah kvapi, maha-bhavanvitah kvacit.

 

.fn 1

Text 46

.fn 2

 

evam virajamanam tam, shri-gaurangam dayacalam;

prapsyasy aradhya bhaktya tvam, radha-krishnau maha-vane.

 

gaurangam sac-cid-anandam, sarva-karana-karanam;

vaca gadgadayanantam, tushtava dharani-dharah pg 55

 

 

 

 

 

sammohana-tantre

 

(1) gaura-tejo vina yas tu, syama-tejah samarcayet;

japed vadhyayate vapi, sa bhavet pataki sive.

 

In the Sammohana Tantra, Shri Gopala-sahasra-nama-stotra (17), it is said:

 

“O auspicious one, a person who worships, glorifies, or studies the dark splendor that is Lord Krishna, without first worshiping the fair splendor that is Shri Gauranga, glides down to hell.”

 

(2) mayapurim samashritya, kalau ye mam upasate

sarva-papa-vinirmuktas te yanti paramam gatim

 

“Those who worship Me (in form of Lord Chaitanya) in Kali-yuga, taking shelter of Shri Mayapura-dhama, very quickly become free from all sins and attain My supreme abode at the end of their lives.”

 

(3) yat tirtham vartate shriman, navadvipe vibhagasah;

tat-tirtha-mahima tatra, sata-koti-gunam kalau.

 

“In the age of Kali, the glories of all the great  holy places in the universe are present  hundreds and millions of times over in Shri Navadvipa (because the Lord incarnated there).”

 

(4) yatha cintamaneh sangat, dhatu-mulyam pravardhate;

gaura-sangat tatha tirtha-mahatmyam parivardhate.

 

“As a metal’s value increases (it turns into gold) due to the touch of a cintamani jewel, so the glory of any holy place increases manifold with Lord Gaura’s touch.”

 

brihad-brahma-yamalakhye

tantre tat kathitam pura

 

kalau purnanandas tri-bhuvana-jayi gaura-sutanur

navadvipe jatah suradhuni-samipe naraharih

dadat papibhyah samstutam api harer nama sukritam

taritva papabdhim bhuvi vijayate shri-gauracandrabhidhah

 

In ancient times in the Brihad-brahma-yamala Tantra it was said:

 

“All glories to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Gaurachandra, who appears in Kali-yuga as the personification of complete bliss.  His beautiful form with the golden complexion is glorified throughout the three worlds. He appeared in Shri Navadvipa which is on the banks of the Ganges. He delivered the most fallen people of the world from the ocean of sins by freely distributing to them the treasure of the most sacred and glorious names of Lord Hari.”

 

vande gauravataram kali-mala-mathanam shri-navadvipa-vasam

kanthe malam dadhanam sruti-yuga-vilasat-svarna-samsakta-gandam

keyurangada-divya-ratna-ghatitam bahu-dvaye bibhratam

bhaktebhyo dadatam malapaharanam-namapi sarvam hareh

 

I offer my repeated obeisances to the Gaura-avatara, who destroys the unlimited impurities of Kali-yuga, who resides in Shri Navadvipa, who wears an exquisite garland around His neck, whose cheeks are beautified  by glistening golden earrings, who arms are adorned with spl endid jeweled keyura and angada armlets, and  who awards His devotees the holy names of Lord Hari, which destroy all the impurities in their hearts.

 

brahma-vaivarta purane

 

(1) shri bhagavan  uvaca

kaleh panca sahasrani, varshani tishtha bhutale;

papani papino yanti, tubhyam dasyanti snanatah.

 

In the Brahma-vaivarta Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead said:

 

“On the earth 5,000 years of Kali will be very sinful and siners will come and deposit their sins in you (Ganges) by bathing.”

 

(2) man-mantropasaka sparsad, bhasmi bhutani tat kshanat;

bhavishyanti darsanac ca, snana deva hi jahnavi.

 

“Thereafter simply by the sight or touch of One who will worship Me by My mantra*, all those sins will be burnt at once.”

 

(* Here Lord Krishna is indicating His own concealed incarnation in the form of Lord Chaitanya in Kali-yuga, when He will appear as His own upasaka for the purpose of teaching devotional service to everyone by the chanting of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.)

 

shri garga-samhitayam

 

shri-baladeva uvaca

 

shrimad-bhagavatam divyam,  puranam vacanam tada;

gauranvayasya sampraptir, bhavishyati na samsayah.

 

In the Shri Garga-samhita, it is said: (to be translated)

 

A Passage From the Vayu Purana

 

(1)shri-satananda uvaca

 

bruhi tata kripa-sindho, bhaktanugraha-katara;

paritranaya lokanam, hetum kalmasha-cetasam.

 

Shri Satananda said: “O father, O ocean of mercy, you are always eager to bestow your compassion on the devotees and protect the common people. Please tell  me the reason why the hearts of the people are contaminated in Kali-yuga.

 

(2) na tapas ca na cejya ca, na dhyanam jnanam avyayam;

na danam sattva-samyuktam, kalau na dirgha-jivanam.

 

“In Kali-yuga there is no austerity, worship, meditation, eternal knowledge, charity, truth, or long life.

 

(3) kenopayena nistaro, bhavishyati kalau yuge.

 

“By what means will the people be delivered in Kali-yuga?”

 (4) shri-gautama uvaca

 

sadhu prishtam tvaya putra, guhyad guhyatamam mama;

samahita-mana bhutva, shrinu tat paramadbhutam.

 

Shri Gautama Muni said: “My son, your question is very auspicious. Please hear very attentively a wonderful answer, an answer that is the most secret of all secrets.

 

(5) etad guhyatamam vakyam, brahma loka-pitamahah;

vaikuntham nagaram gatva, sendrair deva-ganaih saha;

vakta shri-loka-natham vai, karunamaya-vigraham.

 

“Accompanied by Indra and the demigods, Lord Brahma, the grandfather of all living entities, went to the city of Vaikuntha in this universe and spoke these confidential words to Lord Narayana, who has the most merciful form and is the master of the worlds.”

 

(6) shri-satananda uvaca

 

katham vai brahmana tata, prishtah shri-purushottamah;

karanam tatra va kim vai, kathyatam muni-pungava.

 

Shri Satananda said: “What did Lord Brahma inquire from the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Purushottama? O best of sages, please also tell me the reason for this inquiry.”

 

(7) shri-gautama uvaca

 

shrinu putra prayatnena, kalau kalmasha-samjnake;

sarve papa-rata lokas, canda mithya-vivadinah.

 

Shri Gautama Muni said: “O son, please listen with great attention. In the greatly contaminated Kali-yuga, everyone is engaged in sinful activities. Everyone is passionate, hot-tempered, and a liar.

 

(8) svadhyayadina rahita, devata-tithi-vancakah;

parasva-lolupah kecit, para-darabhigaminah.

 

“The people do not worship the demigods, observe the holy days, or study the Vedas. Some are greedy for other’s weath and some are interested in other’s wives.

 

(9) iti vikshya samudvigna, dharani bhara-sankula;

dhenu-rupa-dhara dina, kripana malinanana.

 

“Seeing this, the earth-goddess became greatly disturbed with the sinful burden she bore. In this helpless and powerless condition, she assumed the form of a cow with a sorrowful face .

 

(10) gatva vai brahma-sadanam, rodamana punah punah;

sa-gadgada-vaco bhutva, stutva brahmanam isvaram.

 

“Then she went to the abode of Lord Brahma. Weeping again and again, with words choked with grief she prayed to him as follows.

 

(11) sarve kali-mala-grastah, papishtha lobha-tat-parah;

maha-pataka-samyukta, deva-dvija-vinindakah.

 

“‘Everyone is in the grip of Kali’s contaminating influence. The world is full of sinners, greedy materialists, most abominable class of people and the blasphemers of demigods and brahmanas.

 

(12) tesham pada-praharena, kampate mamaki tanuh;

tasmat loka-paritranam, prithivyam kena jayate.

 

“‘When these sinful people walk, my body trembles being hit by their feet. Therefore please tell me the means of deliverance of these people on the earth?

 

(13) tad eva kuru devesa, yena santir bhaven mama;

ity uktvadho-mukhi-bhuya, sthita bhur asurakula.

 

“‘O master of the demigods, please do something to relieve me of my distress so that I can  recover my peace of mind.’ After speaking in this way, the earth goddess, troubled by the presence of so many demons, lowered her face.

 

(14) tatah sancintya devesam, brahma loka-pitamahah;

vaikuntha-nagaram gatva, stutva tam purushottamam.

 

“After thinking for some time, Lord Brahma, the controller of the demigods and the grandfather of the worlds, went to the city of Vaikuntha and offered prayers to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Purushottama as follows.

 

(15) shri-brahmovaca

 

jaya krishna jagannatha, jaya vaikuntha-nayaka;

jaya deva kripa-sindho, jaya lakshmyah pate prabho.

 

“Shri Brahma said: ‘All glories to Lord Krishna, the master of Vaikuntha and the material world! O ocean of mercy, glory to You! All glories to the husband of Shrimati Lakshmidevi!

 

(16) jaya nilambuja-syama, nila-jimuta-saubhaga,

kandarpa-koti-saundarya, jaya shrivatsa-lanchana.

“‘O Lord dark like a blue lotus, O Lord dark like a monsoon cloud, glory to You! O Lord more handsome than millions of Kamadevas, O Lord marked with Shrivatsa, glory to You!

 

(17) jaya pitambara-dhara, jaya kaustubha-bhushana;

jaya padma-palasaksha, jaya padmanana prabho.

 

“‘All glories to the Lord who is dressed in yellow garments, decorated with the Kaustubha jewel, whose eyes are like lotus petals and whose face is just like a lotus flower!

 

(18) jaya padma-pada-dvandva, tila-pushpa-su-nasika;

jaya natha jagad-bandho, vinatasuta-vahana.

 

“‘All glories to the Lord who possesses lotus like feet, whose graceful nose is like a sesame flower, who is the real friend of the worlds and who is carried by Garuda!

 

(19) jaya cakra-gada-padma-sankha-hasta catur-bhuja;

jaya padma-dharitribhyam, nishevita-padambuja.

 

“‘All glories to the Lord who holds a disc, club, lotus, and conchshell in His four hands! O Lord whose lotus feet are constantly served by the goddesses Padma and Dharitri, glory to You!’”

 

(20) shri-gautama uvaca

 

iti samstuyamano ’pi, shri-krshnah karuna-nidhih;

brahmanam deva-deveso, jagada kripayanvitah.

 

Shri Gautama Muni said: “After hearing these prayers, Lord Shri Krisna, who is an ocean of mercy mercifully spoke to Brahma, the master of the demigods as follows:

 

(21) kim vrittam jagati-natha, bruhi kim karavami te;

ity uktva padma-yonis ca, provaca shri-gadagrajam.

 

“‘O master of the universe, how are things with You? Please tell me if I can help you in some way.’ Hearing these words, Brahma spoke to Lord Krishna:

 

(22) shri-brahmovaca

 

kalau papa-rata lokah, svadhyaya-vidhi-varjitah;

sudra-vritti-dvijah sudra, brahmana-dvesha-karinah.

 

“‘Shri Brahma said: ‘In Kali-yuga the people are continuously engaged in sinful activities . They neither study the Vedas nor do they care to follow the Vedic rules and regulations. The brahmanas act like sudras, and sudras  hate the brahmanas.

 

(23) dvijanam gunato nicah, sudra mantra-pradayinah;

sishnodara-para vipra, vipratve sutra-dharinah.

 

“‘The brahmanas are degraded in character and so the sudras become gurus and give mantras to others. The brahmanas are addicted to pleasing their bellies and genitals and the brahminical status is determined only by wearing a thread.

 

(24) mahaharah kharva-kaya, alasa manda-buddhayah;

janas tvad-vimukhah sarve, para-dravyabhilashinah.

 

“‘The people are gluttonous, short in stature, lazy, dull-minded, foolish, greedy after others’ property, and averse to You.

 

(25) asat-patha-ratah sarve, agamyagaminas tatha;

tyakta-sva-dharma-karmano, deva-dvija-vinindakah.

 

“‘Everyone follows the path of illusion. They abandon their prescribed occupational duties, commit adultery, and blaspheme the demigods and brahmanas.

 

(26) iti tad-bhara-magna sa, dharani rudati punah;

tasmal loka-paritranam, prithivyam kena jayate;

tat kurushva jagannatha, dina-durgati-nasana.

 

“‘Greatly troubled by carrying the burden of these sins, the earth-goddess weeps again and again. How will the fallen people of the earth be delivered? O master of the worlds, You are the destroyer of all miserliness and inauspiciousness. Please do something to deliver them.’”

 

(27) shri-gautama uvaca

 

iti samjnapito devo, brahmana prabhur acyutah

sa devan aha tad vishnur, guhyad guhyatamam vacah

 

Shri Gautama Muni said: “After Brahma had communicated to the Lord about the problem, Lord Vishnu, the infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead, spoke to the demigods in reply words that revealed the most secret of all secrets.

 

(28) ditija bhuvi jayadhvam, jayadhvam bhakta-rupinah;

kalau sankirtanarambhe, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

“He said: ‘O demigods, please go and take birth as devotees on the earth. I will take birth as Sacidevi’s son and I will inaugurate the harinama-sankirtana movement.

 

(29) krite japair mama pritis, tretayam homa-karmabhih;

dvapare paricaryabhih, kalau sankirtanair api.

 

“‘In Satya-yuga I am pleased by japa (meditation), in Treta-yuga by performance of sacrifices and fruitive activities, in Dvapara-yuga by My Deity worship, and in Kali-yuga I am pleased solely by the chanting of My holy names.’

 

(30) brahmovaca

 

bruhi me karuna-sindho, kirtanam kim svarupakam;

katham vatra bhagavatah, para pritir bhavishyati.

 

“The demigod Brahma said: ‘O ocean of mercy, please describe to us the nature of this process of loud chanting of Your holy names. How should it be performed so that Your Lordship will be most pleased?’

 

(31) shri-bhagavan uvaca

 

shrinu brahman pravakshyami, sankirtanam atah param;

samahita-mana bhutva, sarat sarataram hi yat.

 

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: ‘O Brahma, please listen very carefully and I will describe to you the most exalted process of sankirtana, which is the essence of all the essential things.

 

(32) mridangaih karatalais ca, svara-bhava-samanvitaih;

raga-raganvitam ganam, yatah syat tulya-kirtanam.

 

“‘Sankirtana is the sweet singing of My holy names with great devotion and attachment, in various musical notes, melodies & modes, accompanied by  the music of mridangas, karatalas, and other musical instruments.

 

(33) te sabdenocyate radha, na sabdenocyate janah;

teneti sruti-matrena, yathaivardrantarobhavam.

 

“‘When in sankirtana there is the word ‘tena’, the syllable ‘te’ means ‘Radha’, and the syllable ‘na’ means ‘person’. In this way the word ‘tena’ refers to Me, whose heart has been softened  due to love for Radha!

 

(34) tatha catra bhavishyami, bhaktyanugraha-kamyaya;

sahasraso ’vatara me, gita brahman yuge yuge.

 

“‘O Brahma, as I have described Myself in the Gita,  I appear millenium after millenium in My thousands of incarnations, with the sole desire to show favour to My devotees.

 

(35) bana-margair veda-margai, ripunam tatra sankshayam;

bhaktanam taranam kritva, khyapitam sva-yasah kshitau.

 

“‘Walking either on the path of arrows or the path of the Vedas, I deliver the devotees by destroying their enemies, and establish My glories on the earth by performing exquisite pastimes.

 

(36) kalau nashta-drisam esha, mat-padyarka udeshyati.

 

“‘For they who have become blinded by the influence of Kali-yuga, a verse with My holy names will rise like a glorious sun. This verse is:

 

(37) hare krishna, hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

 

“‘Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare;

Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.

 

(38) sakrid dvis trir yatha-sakti, yavaj jivam athapi va;

vyaharan svapaco ’pi syan, mama bhakto na samsayah.

 

“‘Everyone should chant this maha-mantra again and again, either once, twice, thrice or as many times as possible during the day & night, for as long as one lives. By chanting this mantra even the most sinful person who was a dogeater will immediately become My devotee. Of this there is no doubt.

 

(39) sarva-veda-vido viprah, puranagama-paragah;

na cen mad-bhakta-bhaktas te, dure tishthanti varjitah.

 

“‘Even if they are learned in all the Vedas  and even if they have traveled to the farther shore of the Agamas  and Puranas, they who are not devotees of My devotees cannot approach Me. They must stay far away from Me and are eternally deprived of My association.

 

(40) api cet su-duracarah, pukkasah svapaco ’thava;

mad-bhakta-bhakti-krit sa syan, mama kaustubha-sannibhah.

 

“‘Even a barbarian, a dogeater, or a person who has performed most abominable sinful actions will reside near My heart, almost touching My Kaustubha jewel, if he has devotedly served My devotee.

 

(41) bhakta-rupam aham dhritva, bhaktajna-paripalakah;

mat-paran uddharishyami, ghora-samsara-sagarat.

 

“‘To fulfill & maintain My devotees’ (Advaita Acarya’s) request, I will accept the form of a devotee in Kali-yuga and I will deliver My surrendered devotees from the terrible ocean of repeated birth and death.

(42) tilakancita-bhalah shri-tulasi-kanthikashritah;

sankha-cakra-lasad-bahu-mulah kaupinah vasasah.

 

“‘In that form of a devotee, My forehead will be decorated with tilaka, My neck with tulasi beads, and My hands will be effulgent with the marks of a disc and conchshell etc. I will accept the dress and loincloth of a sannyasi.

 

(43) mad-bhakta vicarishyanti, kalau bhagavatottamah.

 

“‘Alongwith Me, My topmost eternally liberated devotees will travel here & there and  perform My work of inspiring all living entities to become devotees also.

 

(44) svarnadi-tiram asthaya, navadvipa-janalayah;

tatra dvija-kulam prapto, bhavishyami janalaye.

 

“‘I will take birth in a brahmana family in Shri Navadvipa, and reside there by the Ganges’ shore.

 

(45) bhakti-yoga-pradanaya, lokasyanugrahaya ca;

sannyasa-rupam asthaya, krishna-chaitanya-nama-dhrik.

 

“‘To show mercy to the people and award them the supreme gift of devotional service, I will become a sannyasi and I will be glorified by the name Shri Krishna Chaitanya.

 

(46) anandasru-kala-purnah, pulakavali-vihvalah;

bhakti-yogam pradasyami, hari-kirtana-tat-parah.

 

“‘Always eager and devoted to the loud chanting of the holy names of Lord Hari, My eyes will be always beautified & filled with tears of bliss and the hairs of My body will stand erect when I will be agitated by transcendental happiness. In this way, I will give to the people the supreme gift of the science of devotional service unto Lord Krishna.

 

(47) tenaiva sarva-lokanam, nistaro vai bhavishyati;

man-nama-smaranat kincit, kalau nasty eva vaidikam.

 

“‘Simply by remembering My holy names even once, all the living entities in the universe will be delivered. I will exhibit this kind of compassion because in Kali-yuga it is not possible for anyone to strictly follow the path of the Vedas.

 

(48) mad-bhakta yatra gayanti, tatra tishthami niscitam;

tat svayam bhuvi bhakta vai, jayadhvam bhakti-tat-parah.

 

“‘I always reside where My devotees sing My names and glories. So all of you demigods, please personally appear on the earth as My devotees and eagerly practice My devotional service.

 

(49) yena lokasya nistaras, tat kurudhvam mamajnaya;

dharitri bhavita cabhir, mayaiva dvija-dehinah.

 

“‘By My order please act in such a way that all the people of the people will become delivered. Then I will personally accept the form of a brahmana  and relieve the earth of all her fears by performing My pastimes. 

 

(50) sadyas tatra sva-gopanam, santa tu kamalalaya;

namna gadadhara iti, vikhyato dharani-tale.

 

“‘All the cowherd people of My highest abode of Vraja will also appear on the earth. She          (Shrimati Radharani), the original source and resting place of all the goddesses of fortune will be known on earth as Shri Gadadhara Pandita.

 

(51) balaramo mamaivamsah, so’ pi mat-prishtham eshyati;

nityananda iti khyato nyasi-cudamanih kshitau

 

“‘Lord Balarama, who is My first expansion and non-different from Me will also appear by My side as Lord Shri Nityananda. He will become the crest jewel of all renunciants on the earth.

 

(52) kritvavadhuta-vesham sa, dharman bhagavatan bahun;

grahayitva janan ittham grihinam asramam tatah.

 

“‘Assuming the dress of an avadhuta, he will freely distribute bhagavata dharma i.e. love of God. He will distribute this pure love through various means and deliver all the living entities. He will do first as a brahmacari and later as a householder.

 

(53) jahnavy-adibhir atmanam, darsayishyati manavan.

 

“‘Accompanied by His eternal consort Shrimati Jahnavi-devi and many other intimate associates, He (Nityananda) will reveal his transcendental pastimes to the people.

 

(54) kamadeva iti gatva, dhruvanandeti samjnitah;

jahnavi-sishyatam etya lokan nistarayishyati 

 

“‘The demigod Kamadeva will appear as Dhruvananda. He will become a disciple of Shrimati Jahnavi-devi and deliver many living entities.

 

(55) naicim tanum samasthaya, loka-sikshartha-tat-parah

vikhyato hari-daso yo, mama bhaktim karishyati

 

“‘To teach the whole world that low birth is not an obstacle for chanting of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, you (Brahma) will accept birth in a low-caste family. Your name will be Haridasa Thakura and you will most diligently engage in My pure devotional service.

 

(56) rudro’ vatirya mad-bhaktim, shrimad-advaita-samjnakah

grahiyishyati lokams ca, yatnat karunikah prabhuh

 

“‘Lord Siva will incarnate as My great devotee and His name will be Shrimad Advaita Acarya. Due to His unlimited compassion, He will give pure bhakti to each & everyone with great endeavour.    

 

(57) naradah shrinivaseti, ramanandeti tumburuh;

vikhyatim prapya mad-bhaktau, kurutam baktim avyaye.

 

“‘Shrila Narada Muni will become Shrinivasa (also called as Shrivasa Thakura) and Tumburu will become Shrila Ramananda Raya. Both of them will become very famous due to their pure unalloyed devotional service unto Me.

 

(58) brihaspatir vasava-guruh, sarvabhaumo bhavishyati,

nanante vasinas tatra, sastrany adhyapayishyati.

 

“‘Indra’s guru Brihaspati will become Shrila Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya. He will teach the ultimate truth of bhakti-yoga contained in various scriptures.

 

(59) punah siromanir bhutva, nyasadin prathayishyati.

 

“‘Just like in the heavenly planets, he will again become the crest jewel of all learned teachers and deliver many people including even sannyasis. 

 

(60) candro bhaved vardhamano, yas tu dayalutavadhih;

evam anye bhavishyanti, devah svamsena bharatah.

 

“‘Many other demigods will also personally appear on the earth. As the moon increases day by day, so their mercy and virtues will increase unlimitedly by becoming My associates.

 

(61) tatraiva bhavita brahman vyasah kesava-bharatih

sannyasasyopadesena, bhavishyati gurur mama.

 

“‘O Brahma, Vyasa will also appear as the sannyasi Shri Kesava Bharati.  He will assist in My pastimes by becoming My sannyasa guru.

 

(62) indro’ vatirya matiman, prithivyam prithivi-patih;

prataprudro vikhyato, mad-bhaktanam samasrayah

 

“‘Indra will descend to the earth as the most powerful King of Orissa Prataprudra.

He will take shelter of My associates and achieve pure devotion unto Me.

 

(63) anye deva-ganah sarve, mad-bhaktah mat-parayanah,

kurvanti mamakim bhaktim, shrinu brahman samahitah.

 

“‘All the other demigods will also become My devotees and fully surrender unto Me.They will diligently engage in My devotional service. O Brahma, please hear this with great attention.

 

(64) sarve samagamishyamah, sva-sthanam punar acyutam;

prakasam mama devadyah, bhaktah krishna-parayanah.

 

“‘After manifesting in this way as devotees of Lord Krishna to assist Me in My pastimes, the demigods and others will return to their respective abodes.

 

(65) idam ye shrinuyan nityam, bhaktitah parikirtayet;

koti-janmar jitam papam,  tat-kshanat tasya nasyati.

 

“‘They who with devotion regularly or daily hear or recite these words of Mine, become instantly free from all the sins they have committed in ten million births.’”

 

(66) shri gautama uvaca

 

tato deva-ganah sarve, brahma loka-pitamahah;

pranamya deva-devesam, gantarah sva-puram yatha

 

Shri Gautama Muni said: “Accompanied by all the demigods, Lord Brahma, the grandfather of the worlds, bowed before Lord Krishna, the master of all the demigods and reurned to his own abode.”

 

Smritis  about Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s abode Shri Navadvipa Dhama

 

Please see the Srutis section in which Shri Navadvipa has been glorified in the Atharva Veda (Third Kanda, Brahma-vibhaga), Sama Veda, Shri Chaitanya Upanishad-Atharva Veda and Chandogya Upanishad 8.1.1.

 

The following are the verses glorifying Navadvipa from the smriti-sastras:

 

SAMHITAS

 

shri ananta-samhitayam

 

svarnadi-tiram ashritya, navadvipe dvijalaye;

sampradatum bhakti-yogam, lokasyanugrahaya ca.

 

In Shri Ananta-samhita, it is said:

 

“To show causeless mercy to all the living entities and award them devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in a brahmana’s home in Navadvipa by the Ganges’ shore.”

 

shri garga-samhitayam

 

maya-tirthe ca yah snatva, mayam sampujya manavah;

sarvam manoratha-praptim, prapnuyan natra samsayah.

 

In the Shri Garga-samhita, it is said:

 

“Those who bathe in the Ganges at Mayapura and worship the external potency of Lord Gauranga known as Praudha Maya there will attain the fulfillment of all their desires. Of this there is no doubt.”

 

PURANAS

 

garuda-purane

 

(1) aham purno bhavishyami, yuga-sandhau viseshatah;

mayapure navadvipe, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

In the Garuda Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares:

 

“In My original spiritual form which is the source of all the incarnations, I will descend as the transcendental son of Shrimati Sacidevi in Navadvipa-Mayapura at the beginning of Kali-yuga.”

 

(2) sadhavah kali-kale tu, tyaktvanya-tirtha-sevanam;

vrindaranye ’thava kshetre, nava-khande vasanti va.

 

“In the age of Kali the devotees will abandon the service of other holy places and live in either Navadvipa or Vrindavana or Jagannatha Puri.”

 

skanda purane

 

(1) mayapurim samashritya, kalau ye mam upasate;

sarva-papa-vinirmuktas, te yanti paramam gatim.

 

In the Skanda Purana the Lord says:

 

“They who in the age of Kali take full shelter of Shri Mayapura and worship Me become completely free from all sins and attain the supreme destination.

 

(2) yat tirtham vartate shriman, navadvipe vibhagasah

tat-tirtha-mahima tatra, sata-koti-gunam kalau

 

“The glories of all the other holy places in the universe are present hundreds and millions of times over in Navadvipa in the age of Kali.

 

(3) yatha cintamaneh sangat, dhatu-mulyam pravardhate;

gaura-sangat tatha tirtha-mahatmyam parivardhate.

 

“As a metal’s value increases (becomes gold) with a cintamani jewel’s touch, so the glory of any holy place increases with Lord Gaura’s touch.”

 

(4) godrumakhye hareh sthane, vasanti ye narottamah

sarva-papa-vinirmuktas, te yanti paramam padam

 

In the Skanda Purana, Godruma-mahamtmya, it is said: “Those who reside in Lord Gaurahari’s abode named Godruma become the most exalted among human beings. Being completely freed from all sins, they attain the supreme abode.”

 

padma purane

 

kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'ham mahi-tale;

bhagirathi-tate* ramye, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

In the Padma Purana, the Supreme Lord affirms:

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear as Gauranga on the earth in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges (*Navadvipa). I will become the son of Sacidevi and My complexion will be golden.”

 

brahma-purane

 

kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango ’ham mahi-tale;

bhagirathi-tate* bhumni, bhavishyami sanatanah.

 

In the Brahma Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares:

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear as Gauranga on the earth in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges (*Navadvipa). I will descend in My original eternal form and My complexion will be golden.”

 

matsya-purane

 

mundo gaurah su-dirghangas, tri-srotas-tira-sambhavah*;

dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavishyami kalau yuge.

 

In the Matsya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“In the Kali-yuga I will appear in a place (*Navadvipa) where the three rivers meet (Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati). I will be fair with a shaven head and will have five large bodily parts (nose, arms, chin, eyes and knees). I will be very merciful and enchanted by the chanting of My own holy names.”

 

vishnu purane

 

bharatasyasya varshasya nava bhedan nisamayah;

indradvipah kaserus ca, tamraparnau gabhastiman.

 

nagadvipas tatha saumyo, gandharvastha varuna;

ayam tu navamas tesham, dvipah sagara sambhritah.

 

yojananam sahashrantu, dvipoh ayam dakshinottaram.

 

In the Vishnu Purana (2.3.6-7) it stated:

 

“Please hear about the nine islands of Bharata-varsha known as Indradvipa, Kaseru, Tamraparna, Gabhastiman, Nagadvipa, Saumya, Gandharva, Varuna, and the ninth, Navadvipa, which is situated near the ocean in the midst of the other eight islands. Navadvipa extends 1,000 yojanas from north to south.”

 

UPAPURANAS

 

vayu-purane

 

svarnadi-tiram asthaya, navadvipa-janalayah;

tatra dvija-kulam prapto, bhavishyami janalaye.

 

“I will take birth in a brahmana family in Shri Navadvipa, and reside there by the Ganges’ shore.”

 

YAMALAS

 

krishna-yamale

 

aham purno bhavishyami, yuga-sandhau viseshatah;

mayapure navadvipe, varam ekam saci-sutah.

 

In the Krisna-yamala, the Supreme Lord confirms:

 

“During the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will descend in My most complete and original form in Mayapura, which is in the heart of Navadvipa, as the divine son of Sacidevi.”

 

brahma-yamale

 

athavaham dharadhame, bhutva mad-bhakta-rupa-dhrik;

mayayam ca bhavishyami, kalau sankirtanagame.

 

In the Brahma-yamala, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“Sometimes I personally appear on the surface of the earth in the garb of My own devotee. In this form, I appear in Shri Mayapura in Kali-yuga to inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.”

 

brihad-brahma-yamalakhye

tantre tat kathitam pura

 

kalau purnanandas tri-bhuvana-jayi gaura-sutanur

navadvipe* jatah suradhuni-samipe naraharih

dadat papibhyah samstutam api harer nama sukritam

taritva papabdhim bhuvi vijayate shri-gauracandrabhidhah

 

In ancient times in the Brihad-brahma-yamala Tantra it was said:

 

“All glories to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Gaurachandra, who appears in Kali-yuga as the personification of complete bliss.  His beautiful form with the golden complexion is glorified throughout the three worlds. He appeared in Shri Navadvipa* which is on the banks of the Ganges. He delivered the most fallen people of the world from the ocean of sins by freely distributing to them the treasure of the most sacred and glorious names of Lord Hari.”

 

vande gauravataram kali-mala-mathanam shri-navadvipa-vasam*

kanthe malam dadhanam sruti-yuga-vilasat-svarna-samsakta-gandam

keyurangada-divya-ratna-ghatitam bahu-dvaye bibhratam

bhaktebhyo dadatam malapaharanam-namapi sarvam hareh

 

I offer my repeated obeisances to the Gaura-avatara, who destroys the unlimited impurities of Kali-yuga, who resides in Shri Navadvipa*, who wears an exquisite garland around His neck, whose cheeks are beautified  by glistening golden earrings, who arms are adorned with spl endid jeweled keyura and angada armlets, and  who awards His devotees the holy names of Lord Hari, which destroy all the impurities in their hearts.

 

TANTRAS

 

mukti-sankalini-tantre

 

kurukshetram krite tirtham, tretayam pushkaram smritam;

dvapare naimisharanyam, nava-khandam kalau kila.

 

In the Mukti-sankalini Tantra it is said:

 

“In Satya-yuga, Kurukshetra was the most important holy place, in Treta-yuga, Pushkara was the most important holy place, Naimisharanya was the important holy place in Dvapara-yuga, and in Kali-yuga Navadvipa is the most important holy place (because the Lord personally appears here in Kali-yuga).”

 

urdhvamnaya-tantre

 

avataram imam kritva, jiva-nistara-hetuna;

kalau mayapurim gatva, bhavishyami saci-sutah.

 

In the Irdhvamnaya-tantra, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“For the deliverance of the conditioned souls in Kali-yuga, I will incarnate in Shridhama Mayapura as the son of Shrimati Sacidevi.”

 

kapila tantre

 

jambudvipe kalau ghore, mayapure dvijalaye;

janitva parshadaih sardham, kirtanam prakatishyati.

 

In the Kapila Tantra, the Supreme Lord declares:

 

“In the horrible Kali-yuga, I will descend in a brahmana’s home in Mayapura, in Jambudvipa. Assisted by My eternal associates, I will manifest the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.”

 

visvasara-tantre

 

gangayah dakshine bhage, navadvipe manorame;

kali-papa-vinasaya, saci-garbhe sanatani.

 

In the Visvasara Tantra, Lord Siva said to Candi:

 

“O eternal goddess, in order to destroy the sins of Kali-yuga, I will appear in the womb of Sacidevi, in the most beautiful Navadvipa, which is on the southern shore of the Ganges.”

 

kularnava-tantre

 

tatah kale ca samprapte, kalau ko ’pi maha-nidhih;

hari-nama-prakasaya, ganga-tire* janishyati.

 

In the Kularnava Tantra,  Lord Siva said to Parvati:

 

“At the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is a great treasure house of transcendental qualities, will take birth by the Ganges’ shore (* Navadvipa) in order manifest the chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.”

 

YOGA-VASIShTHA

 

yoga-vasishthe

 

kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango ’sau mahi-tale;

bhagirathi-tate* ramye, bhavishyati sanatanah.

 

In the Yoga-vasishtha it is said:

 

“In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Shri Gauranga will appear on this earth on the beautiful banks of the Ganges (* Navadvipa), in His eternal golden form.”

 

(There are many other verses from Shri Garga-samhita, Padma Purana, Vishnu Purana, Varaha Purana, Linga Purana, Brahma Purana, Mahabharata, etc. which describe the glories of specific holy places in Navadvipa. These have been left out so that this book does not become voluminous.)

 

FURTHUR GLORIES FROM SRI ANANTA-SAMHITA

 

shri ananta-samhitayam

 

shri-mahadevá uvaca

 

(1) shrinu gauri pravakshyami, sarva-papa-pranasanam;

navadvipasya mahatmyam, sa-prema-bhakti-dam nrinam.

 

In Shri Ananta-samhita, Part Two, Chapter Three (5-19, 38-41), Lord Siva describes to Parvati:

 

“O Gauri, please hear attentively and I will speak the great glories of Shridhama Navadvipa, which completely destroy all sins and award Krishna’s pure loving devotional service to all living entities.

 

(2) yatha vrindavanam dhama, shri-krishnasya kripa-nidheh;

navadvipas tatha kante, satyam satyam vadamy aham.

 

“The glories of Navadvipa are exactly the same as the glories of Vrindavana, the trancendental abode of Lord Krishna, who is an ocean of mercy. O beloved, I speak the truth.

 

(3) yadvad vrindavane ramye, shri-krishno radhaya saha;

reme bhaktananda-karas, tadvad dvipe nave sada.

 

“Lord Krishna, who delights the devotees by enjoying pastimes with Shri Radha in the most beautiful Vrindavana dhama, eternally also enjoys with Shri Radha is Shri Navadvipa dhama.

 

(4) ganga-yamunayor madhye, dvipah parama-sobhanah;

yasya smarana-matrena, shri-radha-krishnayo ratih.

 

“In the middle of both the Ganges and Yamuna is an exquistely beautiful island. Simply by remembering it one attains pure love for Shri Shri Radha and Krishna.

 

(5) yadi tirtha-sahasrani, paryatanti narah kshitau

navadvipam vina devi, na radham krishnam apnuyat

 

“O goddess people who travel to thousands of holy places in this world will not attain Shri Shri Radha and Krishna if they do not travel to Navadvipa.

 

(6) dvipasyasyaika-dese ca, tirthani sakalani ca;

rishayo munayo devas, tatha siddhasramani ca.

 

(7) vedah sashtrani sarvani, mantradini mahesvari;

vasanti satatam durge, shri-radha-krishna-tushtaye.

 

“ O Durga, at a certain place on this transcendental island all holy places, sages, saints, demigods, asramas of perfected beings, all Vedic scriptures and all Vedic mantras constantly reside for the satisfaction of Shri Shri Radha and Krishna.

 

(8) asvamedha-sahasrani, vajapeyadhikani ca;

nana-vidhani karmani, kritva bhaktya muhur muhuh.

 

(9) yat phalam labhate martyo, yogabhyasena yat phalam;

navadvipasya smaranat, tesham koti-gunam labhet;

kim punah darsanam casya, phalam vakshyami parvati.

 

“The result a human being attains by performing thousands of asvamedha-yajnas, as well as vajapeya yajnas, and many other pious rituals repeatedly and constantly with great devotion, or by diligently practicing yoga for a very long time, is attained millions of times over simply by remembering Navadvipa once. O Parvati, how then will I be able to describe the result attained by directly seeing Navadvipa?

 

(10) sakrid yadi navadvipam, samsmareyur naradhamah;

sadhavas te tadaiva syuh, satyam satyam hi parvati.

 

“If the lowest of men just faithfully remembers Navadvipa for a single moment, they immediately become great saints. O Parvati, this is the truth, this is the truth.

 

(11) tesham dine dine bhaktir, vardhate natra samsayah;

tesham pada-rajah-puta, sapta-dvipa vasundhara.

 

“Every day their devotion increases. Of this there is no doubt. The whole earth with its seven continents becomes purified simply by the dust of their feet.

 

(12) ye vasanti navadvipe, manavah gaura-devatah;

na ca te manava-jneya, shri-gaurasya ca parshadah.

 

“Those human beings who reside in Navadvipa and accept Lord Gaura as their worshippable Lord should not be considered as ordinary human beings. They are the transcendental associates of Lord Gaura.

 

(13) tesham smarana-matrena, maha-patakino ’pi ca;

satyam sudhanti vai durge, kim punar darsanadibhih.

 

“O Durga, simply by remembering them, the greatest sinners are purified. How much more blessed are those who directly see them or associate with them.

 

(14) navadvipasyá mahatmyam, pancabhir vadanair aham;

kim varnayami nanantah, sahasrair vadanair alam.

 

“Even Lord Ananta, with His thousands of mouths is not able to properly glorify Navadvipa. So how  can I do so with only five mouths?

 

(15) dhama-sarasya krishnasya, vrindaranyasya sailaje;

arohanasya sopanam, navadvipam vidur budhah.

 

“O Parvati, the learned and wise know that Navadvipa is a staircase leading to Vrindavana, the topmost abode of Lord Krishna.

 

(16) navadvipe ca sa krishna, adaya hridaye svayam;

gajendra-gamanam radham, sada ramayate muda.

 

“Lord Krishna will appear in Navadvipa. Taking the mood of Shrimati Radha to His heart, Lord Krishna will constantly and blissfully relish Her love for Him. At that time His movements will be more graceful than those of the best of elephants.

 

(17) navadvipe tu tah sakhyo, bhakta-rupa-dharah priye;

ekangam shri-gaura-harim, sevante satatam muda.

 

“O beloved, assuming the forms of male devotees, the gopis and other associates will also appear in Navadvipa. With great happiness they will constantly serve Lord Gaurahari, who is Radha and Krishna combined in a single form.

 

(18) ya eva radhika-krishnah, sa eva gaura-vigrahah;

yac ca vrindavanam devi, navadvipam ca tat subham.

 

“O goddess, know for sure that Radha and Krishna will combine to become the single golden form of Lord Gaura, and Vrindavana will become the beautiful and auspicious Navadvipa.

 

(19) vrindavane navadvipe, bheda-buddhis ca yo narah;

tam eva radhika-krishne, shri-gaurange paratmani.

 

(20) mac-chala-pata-nirbhinna-dehah so ’pi naradhamah;

pacyate narake ghore, yavad ahuta-samplavam.

 

“With my trident I will cut into pieces anyone who thinks that Vrindavana and Navadvipa are different, or that Radha-Krishna and Lord Gauranga are different, or that Lord Gauranga is not the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such a person is most degraded and he will burn in a terrible hell until the time of the universal devastation.

 

(21) yahi turnam navadvipam, bhaja gauram kripa-nidhim;

yadi vrindavane ramye, shri-radha-krishna-sannidhau;

dasatvam durlabham loke, bhakti-saram yam icchasi.         

 

“‘Lord Hari said to Anantadeva: If you desire the most rare essence of all kinds of pure devotional service i.e. the direct service to Shri Shri Radha Krishna in the beautiful abode of Vrindavana, then go at once to Navadvipa and worship Lord Gaura, who is an ocean of causeless mercy.’

 

(22) tatra gatva navadvipe, naga-rajo dhrita-vratah;

pujayam asa gaurangam, api varshayutam priye.

 

“O beloved,  the king of serpents Ananta then went to Navadvipa.  Following strict vows with great determination, He worshipped Lord Gauranga for ten thousand years.

 

(23) tatah prasanno bhagavan, shri-gauro jagad-isvarah.

darisayam asa svam rupam, anantaya mahatmane.

 

“Greatly pleased the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the master of all the universes revealed

His transcendental golden form to His great devotee Ananta.

 

(24) ayam eva navadvipo, vrindavana-samo ’nagha;

anugrahaya jivanam, radhaya nirmitah pura.

 

“Lord Gauranga then said to Ananta: ‘O sinless one, Navadvipa is equal to Vrindavana is all respects. To show mercy to the living entities Shri Radha created it long ago.

 

(25) yatha mama priya radha, tatha vrindavanam mahat;

tadvad ayam navadvipa, iti satyam vadamy aham.

 

“‘As Radha is dear to Me, so the great Vrindavana and Navadvipa are also dear to Me. I speak to You the truth.

 

(26) vrindavane yathananta, vasami radhaya saha;

radhaya militango ’ham, tathaivasmin sada vase.

 

“‘O Ananta, as I reside in Vrindavana with Shri Radha, so I also stay eternally in Navadvipa, My transcendental form embraced by Shri Radha.

 

(27) yatha vrindavanam tyaktva, gacchami na ca kutracit;

tatha deva navadvipam, na tyajami kadacana.

 

“‘O Anantadeva, as I do not leave Vrindavana to go to any other place, so also I never give up Navadvipa and go anywhere else.’”

 

FURTHUR GLORIES FROM IRDHVAMNAYA-TANTRA

 

urdhvamnaya-tantre

 

(1) aprakritam navadvipam, cin-mayam cid-viseshanam;

jadatitam param dhama, brahma-puram sanatanam.

 

(2) vadanti srutayah sakshad, daharam sarva-sundaram;

navá-sankhyas tatha dvipa, vartante padma-pushpa-vat.

 

In the Irdhvamnaya-tantra, Lord Siva declares to Parvati:

 

“The Vedas directly glorify Navadvipa as completely spiritual with no material tinge, full of knowledge, beyond dull and inert matter, the topmost eternal transcendental abode and an all-beautiful lotus flower. The nine islands of Navadvipa are just like the parts of that great lotus flower.

 

(3) shrinu devi pravakshyami, nava-khanda-svarupakam;

yatra vai rajate nityam, shri-gaurasundaro harih.

 

“O goddess, please listen attentively as I describe the nature and form of these nine islands where Lord Gaurasundara eternally shines with great splendor.

 

(4) antardvipas tatha devi, simantadvipa-samjnakah;

godrumadvipa-samjno ’nyo, madhyadvipas tatha parah.

 

(5) ganga-purva-tate ramye, devi dvipa-catushtayam;

koladvipa-ritudvipo, jahnudvipah, suresvari;

modadrumas tatharudrah, pancaite pascime tate.

 

“O goddess, on the beautiful eastern shore of the Ganges are the four islands Antardvipa, Simantadvipa, Godrumadvipa, and Madhyadvipa. On the western shore are the five islands Koladvipa, Ritudvipa, Jahnudvipa, Modrumadvipa, and Rudradvipa.

 

(6) ganga ca yamuna caiva, godavari sarasvati;

narmada sindhuh kaveri, tamraparni payasvini.

 

(7) kritamala tatha bhima, gomati ca drishadvati;

sarvah punya-jala nadyah, vartante ’tra yatha-yatham;

navadvipo maha-devi, tabhih sarvaih parivaritah.

 

“O great goddess, Navadvipa is surrounded by the pure and sacred waters of the Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Sarasvati, Narmada, Sindhu, Kaveri, Tamraparni, Payasvini, Kritamala, Bhima, Gomati, Drishadvati and all other holy rivers.

 

(8) ayodhya mathura maya, kasi kanci hy avantika;

dvaravati kurukshetram, pushkaro naimisham vanam;

vartante ’tra navadvipe, nitye dhamni mahesvari.

 

“O goddess, Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya, Kasi, Kanci, Avantika, Dvaraka, Kurukshetra, Pushkara, and Naimisharanya, are all eternally present in the transcendental abode of Navadvipa.

 

(9) bhagirathy-alakananda, mandakini tathapara;

bhogavatiti gangaya, asti dhara-catushtayam;

navadvipasya paridhis, catvari yojanani ca.

 

“Bhagirathi, Alakananda, Mandakini, and Bhogavati are the four streams of the ganges that surround Navadvipa for 32 miles.

 

(10) prithivyam yani tirthani, rasayam divi va priye;

tani sarvani tishthanti, navadvipe suresvari.

 

“O dear goddess, all the holy places on the earth and in the upper and lower planetary systems are present in Navadvipa.

 

(11) naham vasami kailase, na tvam vasasi mad-grihe;

na deva divi tishthanti, rishayo na vane vane.

 

“I do not reside in Kailasa. You do not reside in my home. The demigods do not reside in heaven. The sages do not stay in the forest.

 

(12) sarve vayam navadvipe, tishthamah prema-lalasah;

gaura gaureti gayantah, sankirtana-para bhuvi.

 

“We all stay in Navadvipa overwhelmed with the great longing for obtaining pure love for Krishna. All of us constantly perform sankirtana, singing “Gaura! Gaura! while residing there.”

 

(13) ye narah kritino devi, navadvipe vasanti te;

jivena marane tesham, patir eko mahaprabhuh.

 

“O goddess, for the extremely fortunate devotees who live in Navadvipa, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is their only Lord & maintainer in this life and also after death.

 

(14) panca-tattvatmakam gauram, krishna-chaitanya-samjnakam;

ye bhajanti navadvipe, te me priyatamah kila.

 

“They who in Navadvipa worship Lord Gaura, who is known as Shri Krishna Chaitanya in His five features (panca-tattva), are most dear to me.

 

(15) padmakaram navadvipam, antardvipam ca karnikam;

simantadi-sthalams tatra, dalan ashta-svarupakan.

 

“Navadvipa has the form of a great lotus. Antardvipa is the whorl of that lotus and Simantadvipa and the other islands are its eight petals.

 

(16) karnika-madhya-bhage tu, pitham ratnamayam param;

panca-tattvanvitam tatra, gauram purata-sundaram;

ye dhyayanti janah sasvat, te tu sarvottamottamah.

 

“In the middle of that whorl (Antardvipa) is the topmost sacred place of jewels. (Mayapura).

There resides the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the handsome golden Gaura in His five features (panca-tattva). Those who always meditate on Lord Gaura in Mayapura is the most exalted of all exalted souls.

 

(17) yatra tatra navadvipe, sa sannyasy athava grihi;

ha gaureti vadan nityam, sarvanandan samasnute.

 

“Whether a sannyasi or a grihastha, a person who somewhere in Navadvipa always chants the name of Gaura merges in full transcendental bliss.

 

(18) bhagirathi-tate purve, mayapuram tu gokulam;

tasyas tate pascime hi, vrindavanam vidur budhah.

 

“The wise know that on the eastern shore of the Ganges, Mayapura is Gokula, and on the western shore is Vrindavana.

 

(19) tatra rasa-sthali divya, pulinam balukamayam;

rasa-sthali pascime tu, punyam dhira-samirakam;

yad yad vrindavane devi, tat tat tatra na samsayah.

 

“On the western shore is the most beautiful and transcendental sandy arena of the rasa dance which is filled with bakula flowers and gentle breezes. O goddess, this place is non-different than Vrindavana and all the opulences of Vrindavana are present here. Of this there is no doubt.

 

(20) tvam hi maya hareh saktir, durghatana-patiyasi;

cin-mayam antaradityam, acchadayasi sampratam.

 

“O Parvati, you are Lord Hari’s insurmountable and formidable illusory potency. So at present you cover the spiritual sun shining there.

 

(21) tato mayapura-khyatir, yoga-pithasya bhu-tale;

praudha maya tava khyatih, sarvatra vartate priye.

 

“O beloved you eternally reside at the outskirts of this Mayapura Yogapitha as Praudha Maya to keep out unqualified people from the dhama.

 

(22) gate tu pulinabhyasam, kale shri-gaura-vigrahe;

vamsivatam samashritya, tvam pasi vaishnavan janan.

 

“When the form of Lord Gaura enjoys personally His pastimes on the shore there, you stay nearby in Vamsivata to protect the Vaishnavas.

 

(23) navadvipa-samam sthanam, shri-gauranga-samah prabhuh;

krishna-prema-sama praptir, nasti durge kadacana.

 

“O Durga, no place in the creation is equal to Navadvipa, no master is as merciful as Lord Shri Gauranga, and no attainment in the whole world is equal to pure love for Krishna.

 

(24) etad dhi janma-saphalyam, vaishnavanam viseshatah;

bhajanam shri-navadvipe, vraja-lokanusaratah.

 

“The success of life, especially for the Vaishnavas, is to worship Lord Krishna by residing in Navadvipa and following the footsteps of the residents of Vrindavana.

 

(25) kshauram uposhanam sraddham, snana-danadikam hi yat;

anya-tirtheshu kartavyam, navadvipe na tad vidhih.

 

“In other holy places shaving the head, fasting, offering sraddha, taking ritual bath, giving charity, and other duties are mandatory, but in Navadvipa there is no such rule that they must be done.

 

(26) tani tani hi karmani, kritani yadi tatra vai;

nasyanti sahasa devi, karma-granthi-nikrintanat.

 

“O goddess, in Navadvipa one’s hard knot of karma is completely cut and thus the all the karmic reactions of previous lives are destroyed forever.

 

(27) bhidyate hridaya-granthis, chidyante sarva-samsayah;

kshiyante jada-karmani, gaure drishte parat pare.

 

“The strong knot of material attachment in the heart from millions of lives is pierced, all the misgivings and doubts are cut to pieces, the chain of material fruitive activities is permanently terminated when one sees Lord Gaura, the Supreme Personality of Godhead who is the master of all masters, in Navadvipa.

 

(28) ato vai munayo devi, nava-khandam samashritah;

kurvanty ahaitukim bhaktim, radha-krishna-padambuje.

 

“O goddess, all the great sages thus take full shelter of Navadvipa and serve Shri Shri Radha-Krishna’s lotus feet with unmotivated devotion.

 

(29) aho dvipasya mahatmyam, na ko ’pi varnane kshamah;

anya-tirtha-mritih pumsam, bhukti-mukti-pradayini;

navadvipa-mritih sakshat, kevala bhakti-dayini.

 

“No one has the power to properly and fully describe the glories of Navadvipa. Death in all other holy places brings future sense-gratification or liberation, but death in Navadvipa awards with one with the greatest gift of kevala-bhakti i.e. pure unalloyed devotional service to Lord Krishna following in the footsteps of the Vrajavasis.

 

(30) akala-maranam vapi, kashta-mrityur grihe mritih;

apamrityur na doshaya, nava-khande varanane.

 

“O goddess with a beautiful face, in Navadvipa, an untimely death, a painful death, a peaceful death at home nor an unnatural death are all extremely auspicious.

 

(31) anyatra yoga-mrityur va, kasyam jnana-mritir bhavet;

tat sarvam phalam carv-angi, navadvipe mritasya vai.

 

“O beautiful goddess, all the cumulative results if dying in a yoga trance in other holy places or dying absorbed in transcendental knowledge in Kasi are attained by dying in Navadvipa.

 

(32) varam dinam navadvipe, prayage kalpa-yapanat;

varanasi-nivasad va, sarva-tirtha-nishevanat.

 

“By staying for a single day in Navadvipa, one attains all the results of living for a kalpa (4.32 billion years) at Prayaga, staying for a very long time at Varanasi, or serving all the other holy places.

 

(33) yoge ’nyatra phalam yat tad, bhoge dvipe nave subhe;

pada-kshepe maha-yajnah, sayane dandavat phalam.

 

“By merely living in Navadvipa, one attains the result of practicing yoga in any other holy place. In Navadvipa walking one step is like performing maha-yajnas and lying down to rest is like offering repeated dandavats.

 

(34) yatra tatra navadvipe, yad annam tan-niveditam;

tad grahyam brahmana sakshac, candalad api candike.

 

“O goddess Candika, if a brahmana is offered Gaura-prasadam anywhere in Navadvipa, he should accept it even if it is given by a candala (dog-eater).

 

(35) bhojane paramesasya, prasada-sevanam bhavet;

kim punah sraddadhanasya, hari-nama-parasya ca;

gaura-prasada-bhaktasya, bhagyam tatra vadamy aham.

 

“Even ordinary eating there becomes equal to honouring the prasadam of the Supreme Lord. So how much more fortunate are those faithful devotees who chant the holy names of Lord Hari and partake Lord Gaura’s prasadam while residing in Navadvipa!”

 

shri-gaura-ganoddesa-dipikayam ca

 

rasajnah shri-vrindavanam iti yam ahur bahu-vido

yam etam golokam katipaya-janah prahud apare

sita-dvipam prahuh param api para-vyoma jagadur

navadvipah so ’yam jayati paramascarya-mahima

 

In the Shri Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, it is said:

 

“Some devotees expert in relishing the mellows of bhakti declare that Navadvipa is identical with Vrindavana. Some very learned devotees say that Navadvipa is actually the spiritual planet Goloka. Some say that Navadvipa is the planet Svetadvipa, and others say that Navadvipa is actually the spiritual sky (paravyoma) of Vaikuntha. All glories to the superexcellent opulences  of  Shridhama Navadvipa!”

 

Smritis  about Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s prasadam

 

urdhvamnaya-tantre

 

(1) prasadam paramesani, gaurangasya mahaprabhoh;

pavanam sarva-jivanam, durlabham dushkritam kila.

 

In the Irdhvamnaya-tantra, Lord Siva declares to Parvati:

 

“O supreme goddess, the prasadam of Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu purifies all the living entities and cannot be attained by the sinful people.

 

(2) aham brahma tvam isani, devas ca pitaras tatha;

munayo rishayah sarve, prasada-yacaka dhruvam.

 

“I, Brahma, you, O goddess, the demigods, the forefathers, the munis and sages (rishis), all desperately beg for that prasadam.

 

(3) gaura-niveditannena, yashtavyah sarvada vayam;

pavitram gaura-nirmalyam, grahyam deyam janaih sada.

 

“All of us eternally worship the foodstuffs offered to Lord Gaura. Lord Gaura’s remanants are supremely pure and should always be distributed and accepted by everyone.

 

(4) jaty-abhimana-mohandha-vidyahankara-piditah;

dushkriti-dushitah sattvah, prasade rati-varjitah.

 

“They who are blinded by the pride and illusion of birth in a high family, they who are tortured by the pride of knowledge, and they who are contaminated in consciousness due to sinful activities are not attracted to this prasadam.

 

(5) aham tan raurave devi, nikshipya yatana-maye;

dandam dadami satyam te, vadami natra samsayah.

 

“O goddess, I cast them into a hell filled with great tortures. In this way I will severly punish them. I tell you the truth. Of this there is no doubt.

 

(6) yatra tatra navadvipe, yad annam tan-niveditam;

tad grahyam brahmana sakshac, candalad api candike.

 

“O goddess Candika, if a brahmana is offered Gaura-prasadam anywhere in Navadvipa, he should accept it even if it is given by a candala (dog-eater).

 

(7) sushkam paryushitam vapi, nitam va bahu-duratah;

prapti-matrena bhoktavyam, natra kala-vicarana.

 

“Whether dried up, stale, or brought from very far away, this prasadam should be eaten immediately when it is received. There is no consideration of whether it is the proper time or not.

 

(8) na desa-niyamas tatra, na patra-niyamas tatha;

na datri-niyamo devi, gaura-bhukta-nishevane.

 

“O goddess, in honouring the food enjoyed by Lord Gaura, there are no rules and restrictions of what is proper place and time, who is the proper recepient, or who is the proper giver.

 

(9) a-kantha-bhojanad devi, gaure bhaktih prajayate;

na cati-dharma-vadho ’sti, gaura-bhukta-nishevane.

 

“O goddess, by eating this prasadam until one is filled upto the neck, devotion of for Gaura is born. Overeating Gaura-prasadam is not against any religious principles.”

 

Srutis and Smritis  about the Hare Krishna maha-mantra preached by Lord Chaitanya

 

kali-santarana upanishadi

 

(1) hare krishna hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

 

(2) iti shodasakam namnam, kali-kalmasha-nasanam;

natah parataropayah, sarva-vedeshu drisyate.

 

In the Kali-santarana Upanishad (5-6), it is stated:

 

“The sixteen words-Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare-are especially meant for counteracting the contaminations of Kali. To save oneself from the contamination of Kali, there is no alternative in all the Vedas except the chanting of these sixteen words.”

 

(3) iti shodasa kalasya jivasyavarana vinasanam;

tatah prakasate para brahma medhapaye ravi rasmi mandali veti

 

“This maha-mantra consisting of sixteen names of Krishna is the destroyer of the (16-layered) illusory covering of all the living entities. Only when the coverings are destroyed, Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in the heart of the living entities, just like the sun appears with full intensity when the clouds are removed.”

 

atharva-veda- shri-caitanyopanishadi (11-14)

 

(11) sa eva mula-mantram japati, harir iti krishna iti rama iti.        

 

In the Shri Chaitanya Upanishad-Atharva Veda, the maha-mantra is glorified:

 

“The Supreme Lord will chant a mantra consisting of His own names Hari, Krishna, and Rama (the maha-mantra: Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare).

 

(12) harati hridaya-granthim vasana-rupam iti harih.

krishih smarane tac ca nas  tad-ubhaya-melanam iti krishnah.

ramayati sarvam iti rama ananda-rupah. atra sloko bhavati.        

 

“These three seed names of the maha-mantra of the Supreme Lord (Hari, Krishna, and Rama) may be explained in the following way: {1} ‘Hari’ means He who removes (harati) the knot of material desire in the hearts of the living entities;  {2} ‘Krishna’ is composed of the two syllables ‘krish’ and ‘na’. ‘Krish’ means He who attracts the minds of all living entities, and ‘na’ means the supreme transcendental pleasure; and {3} ‘Rama’ means He who is the personification of all transcendental bliss.

 

(13) mantro guhyah paramo bhakti-vedyah.        

 

“The maha-mantra is the topmost and most confidential of all mantras. It can only be understood when one engages in the pure devotional service of the Supreme Lord.”

 

(14) namany ashtav-ashta ca sobhanani,  tani nityam ye japanti dhiras. te vai mayam atitaranti, nanyah paramam-mantram parama-rahasyam nityam avartayati.              

 

“Those who seriously desire to make progress in spiritual life should continually chant these sixteen beautiful names (maha-mantra) of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and in this way they will cross beyond the bondage of the illusory enery in this material world. There is no other mantra which is as powerful as this supremely great and most confidential of all mantras, which has directly descended from the spiritual world.”

 

agni purane

 

hare krishna hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

ratanti helaya vapi, te kritartha na samsayah.

 

In the Agni Purana, the Hare Krishna maha-mantra as preached by Lord Chaitanya is mentioned:

 

“Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare: Whoever chants this mantra, even neglectfully, will attain the supreme goal of life. Of this there is no doubt.”

 

padma-purane-svarga-khande (50.6)

 

harir eva samaradhyah, sarva deve suresvarah;

hari nama maha-mantrair, nasyat papa pisacakam.

 

In the Padma Purana, Svarga Khanda (50.6), the Hare Krishna maha-mantra is mentioned:

 

“All the grievous sins of one who one-pointedly worships Lord Shri Hari, the Lord of all

the demigods and devotees, and chants the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, are removed.”

 

narada-pancaratre

 

trayo vedah shad-angani chandamsi vividhah surah

sarvam ashtaksharantah-stham yac canyad api van-mayam

sarva-vedanta-sararthah samsararnava-taranah

 

The Narada-pancaratra also praises the Hare Krishna maha-mantra as follows:

 

“The essence of all Vedic knowledge-comprehending the three kinds of Vedic activity [karma-kanda, jnana-kanda and upasana-kanda], the chandas, or Vedic hymns, and the processes for satisfying the demigods-is included in the eight syllables Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna. This is the reality of all Vedanta. The chanting of the holy name is the only means to cross the ocean of nescience.” (Translation by Shrila Prabhupada)

 

vayu purane

 

kalau nashta-drisam esha, mat-padyarka udeshyati.

 

In the Vayu Purana, the maha-mantra is described:

 

“‘For they who have become blinded by the influence of Kali-yuga, a verse with My holy names will rise like a glorious sun. This verse is:

 

hare krishna, hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

 

“‘Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare;

Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.

 

sakrid dvis trir yatha-sakti, yavaj jivam athapi va;

vyaharan svapaco ’pi syan, mama bhakto na samsayah.

 

“‘Everyone should chant this maha-mantra again and again, either once, twice, thrice or as many times as possible during the day & night, for as long as one lives. By chanting this mantra even the most sinful person who was a dogeater will immediately become My devotee. Of this there is no doubt.’”

 

ananta-samhitayam

 

hare krishna hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

 

In the Ananta-samhita, it is mentioned:

 

Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare;

Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.

 

shodasaitani namani, dvatrimsad varnakani hi;

kalau yuge maha-mantrah, sammato jivatarane.

 

This mantra comprising of sixteen words or thirty-two syllables is known as the maha-mantra in Kali-yuga and is only powerful means through which the living entities can be delivered in Kali-yuga.

 

varjayitva tu namaitad, durjanaih parikalpitam;

chandobaddham susiddhanta, viruddham nabhyaset padam.

 

One should never neglect or give up the chanting of this maha-mantra and take to other so-called purificatory processes which are invented by fools and miscreants. One should not engage even in chanting other metrical compostions of the names of God that are against the pure conclusions of the scriptures.

 

tarakam brahma-namaitad, brahmana gurunadina;

kalisantaranadyasu sruti-svadhigatam hareh.

 

Lord Brahma and other highly advanced spiritual masters have called this maha-mantra as ‘taraka-brahma-nama’ which means this transcendental mantra is the deliverer of one and all.

This mantra has been glorified in srutis like the Kali-santarana Upanishad and also by Lord Hari Himself.

 

praptam shri brahma-sishyena, shri naradena dhimata;

namaitad-uttamam srauta-paramparyena brahmanah.

 

After receiving through aural reception, this topmost of all mantras from their father Lord Brahma, Shri Narada and Brahma’s other sons & disciples chanted it, achieved perfection and taught it to their own disciples in the parampara system.

 

utshrjyaitan-maha-mantram, ye tvanyat kalpitam padam;

mahanameti gayanti, te sastra-guru langhanah.

 

Abandoning this maha-mantra, those who recite verses or poems or songs which have been manufactured through someone’s imagination, transgress the instructions of the scriptures and the bona-fide spiritual masters, even though the verses they are reciting may be full of the principal names of Lord Krishna.

 

tattva-virodha-sanpriktam, tadrisam daurjanam matam;

sarvatha pariharyam syadatma-hitarthina sada.

 

Those who are interested in their real self-interest, should never accept in any form whatsoever,  these concocted mantras or verses which are against the philosophical conclusions of the scriptures and may contain subtle deviations from the Vedic knowledge.

 

hare krishna hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

 

Thus everyone should take full shelter and chant with great sincerity:

 

Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare;

Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.

 

stava-mala-vibhushana-bhashye

 

hare krishneti mantra-pratika-grahanam.

shodasa-namatmana dvatrimsa-daksarena mantrenoccair uccaritena

sphurita krita-nritya rasana jihva yasya sah.

 

In the Stava-mala-vibhushana-bhashya, Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana says:

 

“The Hare Krishna maha-mantra is non-different from Krishna Himself. When the sixteen words or the thirty-two syllables of the Hare Krishna mantra are loudly vibrated, the Supreme Lord Krishna Himself dances of one’s tongue.”

 

stavamala chaitanyashtake

 

hare krishnety uccaih sphurita-rasano nama-ganana

krita-granthi-sreni-subhaga-kati-sutrojjvala-karah

 

In the Stavamala Chaitanyashtaka verse 5, Shrila Rupa Gosvami states:

 

Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu loudly chants the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, which dance upon His tongue, as His radiant lotus hand counts the name by fingering the beads on the beautiful knotted counting string tied to His waist.

 

shri chaitanya-bhagavate

 

(1) hare krishna hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

 

In Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata Madhya Khanda 23.76-78, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu instructed all the people of Navadvipa to chant:

 

“Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare;

Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.”

 

(2) prabhu bole,-“kahilan ei mahamantra;

iha japa giya sabe koriya nirbandha.”

 

The Lord said, “Please hear this Hare Krishna maha-mantra. Everyone please chant this maha-mantra daily in ‘nirbandha’ or constantly. “

 

(3) iha hoite sarva-siddhi hoibe sabara

sarva-kshana bolo’ ithe vidhi nahi ara

 

The Lord continued, “By chanting in this way one will achieve all perfection in one’s life. Please keep on chanting constantly because there is no consideration of any rules and regulations for this chanting process.”

 

Chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra is the yuga-dharma for Kali-yuga:

 

brihan-naradiya purane

 

harer nama harer nama, harer namaiva kevalam;

kalau nasty eva nasty eva, nasty eva gatir anyatha.

 

In the Brihan-naradiya Purana (38.126), it is very emphatically stated:

 

“For spiritual progress in this Age of Kali which is full of quarrel and hypocrisy, there is no alternative, there is no alternative, there is no alternative to the holy name, the holy name, the holy name of the Lord.”

 

shrimad-bhagavata-mahapurane

 

(1) krishna-varnam tvishakrishnam, sangopangastra-parshadam;

yajnaih sankirtana-prayair, yajanti hi su-medhasah.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.32) Karabhajana Muni speaks to Videharaja Nimi:

 

“In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting (of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra) to worship the incarnation of Godhead (Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu), who constantly sings the name of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish (but is like molten gold), He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions.”

 

(2) kaler dosha-nidhe rajann, asti hy eko mahan gunah;

kirtanad eva krishnasya, mukta-bandhah param vrajet.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (12.3.51) it is said:

 

“My dear King, although Kali-yuga is full of faults, there is still one good quality about this age. It is that simply by chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, one can become free from material bondage and be promoted to the transcendental kingdom.”

 

(3) krite yad dhyayato vishnum, tretayam yajato makhaih;

dvapare paricaryayam, kalau tad dhari-kirtanat.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (12.3.52) it is said:

 

“Whatever result was obtained in Satya-yuga by meditating on Vishnu, in Treta-yuga by performing sacrifices and in Dvapara-yuga by serving the Lord’s lotus feet can also be obtained in Kali-yuga simply by chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.”

 

(4) kalim sabhajayanty arya, guna-jnah sara-bhaginah;

yatra sankirtanenaiva, sarva-svartho ’bhilabhyate.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.36) Karabhajana Muni speaks to Videharaja Nimi:

 

“Those who are advanced and highly qualified and are interested in the essence of life know the good qualities of Kali-yuga. Such people worship the Age of Kali because in this age one can advance in spiritual knowledge and attain life’s goal simply by chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.”

 

(5) nama-sankirtanam yasya, sarva-papa pranasanam;

pranamo duhkha-samanas, tam namami harim param.

 

In the last verse of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (12.5.53) it is concluded:

 

“I offer my respectful obeisances unto the Supreme Lord, Hari, the congregational chanting of whose holy names destroys all sinful reactions, and the offering of obeisances unto whom relieves all material suffering.”

 

(6) etan nirvidyamananam, icchatam akuto-bhayam;

yoginam nripa nirnitam, harer namanukirtanam.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (2.1.11) it is said:

 

“O King, constant chanting of the holy name of the Lord after the ways of the great authorities is the doubtless and fearless way of success for all, including those who are free from all material desires, those who are desirous of all material enjoyment, and also those who are self-satisfied by dint of transcendental knowledge.”

 

(7) mantratas tantratas chidram, desa-kalarha-vastutah;

sarvam karoti nischidram, anusankirtanam tava.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (8.23.16) it is said:

 

“There may be discrepancies in pronouncing the mantras and observing the regulative principles, and, moreover, there may be discrepancies in regard to time, place, person and paraphernalia. But when Your Lordship’s holy name is chanted, everything becomes faultless.”

 

(8) etavan eva loke ’smin, pumsam dharmah parah smritah;

bhakti-yogo bhagavati, tan-nama-grahanadibhih.

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (6.33.22) it is said:

 

“Devotional service, beginning with the chanting of the holy name of the Lord, is the ultimate religious principle for the living entity in human society.”

 

(8) sankirtyamano bhagavan anantah

srutanubhavo vyasanam hi pumsam

pravisya cittam vidhunoty asesham

yatha tamo ’rko ’bhram ivati-vatah

 

In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (12.12.48) it is said:

 

“When people engage properly in the hari-nama-sankirtana relating to the glories of the Supreme Personality of Godhead or simply hear about His power, the Lord personally enters their hearts and cleanses away every trace of misfortune, just as the sun removes the darkness or as a powerful wind drives away the clouds.”

 

padma purane

 

dhyayan krite yajan yajnais, tretayam dvapare ’rcayan;

yad apnoti tad apnoti,  kalau sankirtya kesavam.

 

In the Padma Purana (Uttara-khanda 72.25), it is said:

 

“Whatever is achieved by meditation in Satya-yuga, by the performance of yajna in Treta-yuga or by the worship of Krishna’s lotus feet in Dvapara-yuga is also obtained in the Age of Kali simply by chanting the glories of Lord Kesava.”

 

narayana-samhitayam

 

dvapariyair janair vishnuh, pancaratrais tu kevalaih;

kalau tu nama-matrena, pujyate bhagavan harih.

 

In the Narayana Samhita, it is said:

 

“In Dvapara-yuga one could satisfy Krishna or Vishnu only by worshiping Him gorgeously according to the pancaratriki system, but in the Age of Kali one can satisfy and worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead Hari simply by chanting the holy name.”

 

kali-santarana upanishadi

 

hare krishna hare krishna, krishna krishna hare hare;

hare rama hare rama, rama rama hare hare.

 

iti shodasakam namnam, kali-kalmasha-nasanam;

natah parataropayah, sarva-vedeshu drisyate.

 

In the Kali-santarana Upanishad it is stated:

 

“The sixteen words-Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare-are especially meant for counteracting the contaminations of Kali. To save oneself from the contamination of Kali, there is no alternative in all the Vedas except the chanting of these sixteen words.”

 

vishnu-rahasye

 

yad abhyarcya harim bhaktya, krite kratu-satair api;

phalam prapnoty avikalam, kalau govinda-kirtanat.

 

In the Vishnu Rahasya, it is said:

 

“Whatever fruit can be obtained in Satya-yuga by devotedly worshiping Shri Hari through the performance of hundreds of sacrifices for hundreds of years, that same result can be obtained very quickly in Kali-yuga simply by the performance of Govinda-kirtana.

 

shri chaitanya-bhagavate

 

ataeva kali-yuge nama-yajna sara;

ara kona dharma kaile nahi haya para.

 

In Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata Adi Khanda 14.139, it is said:

 

“Therefore the essence of all religious principles in the age of Kali is the sacrifice of chanting the holy names of the Lord. One cannot be delivered by following any other religious principles.”

 

shri chaitanya-caritamrite

   

(1) kali-kale nama-rupe krishna-avatara;

nama haite haya sarva-jagat-nistara.

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi-lila 17.22, it is said:

 

“In this Age of Kali, the holy name of the Lord, the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, is the incarnation of Lord Krishna. Simply by chanting the holy name, one associates with the Lord directly. The whole universe will be delivered simply by the chanting of the holy names.”

 

(2) avatari’ chaitanya kaila dharma-pracarana

kali-kale dharma-krishna-nama-sankirtana

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Madhya-lila 11.98, it is said:

 

“In this Age of Kali, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu has descended to preach the religion of Krishna consciousness. Therefore the chanting of the holy names of Lord Krishna is the religious principle for this age.”

 

 

shri chaitanya-mangale

 

 

hari-nama-cintamanau

 

varnasrama-dharma ara sankhya-yoga-jnana;

kalijive uddharite nahe balavan.

 

In the Hari-nama-cintamani,  Shrila Haridasa Thakura states:

 

“The practices of discharging one’s occupational duties perfectly, acquring analytical or speculative knowledge and the eight-fold process of meditation, are not powerful enough to deliver the fallen living entities of Kali-yuga.

 

kali-yuge suduhsadhya anya subha karma;

ataeva nama asi’ haila yuga-dharma.

 

“Also it is extremely difficult to engage in pious activities due to the degraded condition of Kali-yuga. So the name of Krishna has descended by the causeless mercy of the Lord and become the yuga-dharma of Kali-yuga.

 

prabhu tumi jivera mangala cinta kori’;

kali-yuge nama-sange svayam avatari.

 

“My dear Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, for the sake of bringing all-auspiciousness in the lives of all living entities in Kali-yuga, You have descended personally accompanied by Your most powerful holy names.

 

yuga-dharma pracarile nama-sankirtana;

mukhya pathe jiva paya krishna-prema dhana.

 

“You have then preached the congregational chanting of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra which is the yuga-dharma for Kali-yuga, through Your own example, instructions and devotees. This is only main process through which the living entitiy will achieve the ultimate treasure of pure love of Krishna.

 

namera smarana ara nama-sankirtana.

ei matra dharma jiva koribe palana.

 

“The only religious priniciple that the living entity has to follow now is the continuous chanting and rememberance of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.

 

upaya haiya (nama) avirbhuta dharatale;

upeya upaya aikya sarva sastre bale.

 

“The Hare Krishna maha-mantra has descended from the spiritual world and become the means for achieving perfection but at the same time it eternally remains the goal as well. Thus in the chanting process, the means and end have become one (unlike other spiritual processes like karma, jnana and yoga where the means and the end remain different), making it very easy for  conditioned souls in Kali-yuga to achieve perfection. This is verdict of all the Vedic scriptures.”

 

Mention 10 offenses. Chanting should be without offenses

 

Smritis  about Lord Shri Nityananda Prabhu

 

vayu purane

 

(1) balaramo mamaivamsah, so’ pi mat-prishtham eshyati;

nityananda iti khyato nyasi-cudamanih kshitau

 

In the Vayu Purana, the Lord tells Brahma:

 

“‘Lord Balarama, who is My first expansion and non-different from Me will also appear by My side as Lord Shri Nityananda. He will become the crest jewel of all renunciants on the earth.   

 

(2) kritvavadhuta-vesham sa, dharman bhagavatan bahun;

grahayitva janan ittham grihinam asramam tatah.

 

“‘Assuming the dress of an avadhuta, He will freely distribute bhagavata dharma i.e. love of God. He will distribute this pure love through various means and deliver all the living entities. He will do first as a brahmacari and later as a householder.

 

(3) jahnavy-adibhir atmanam, darsayishyati manavan.

 

“‘Accompanied by His eternal consort Shrimati Jahnavi-devi and many other intimate associates, He (Nityananda) will reveal his transcendental pastimes to the people.’”

 

ananta-samhitayam

 

nityanando maha-kayo, bhutva mat-kirtane ratah;

vimudhan bhakti-rahitan, mama bhaktan karishyasi.

 

In the Ananta-Samhita, the Lord states to Ananta:

 

“When I appear in Navadvipa in Kali-yuga , You will become Nityananda. You will have a very tall, beautiful and large body, and You will be constantly absorbed in chanting My name & glories. In this way, by Your causeless mercy You will convert many bewildered fools who are devoid of devotion into My pure unalloyed devotees.”

 

shri chaitanya-caritamrite

 

mayatite vyapi-vaikuntha-loke

purnaisvarye shri-catur-vyuha-madhye

rupam yasyodbhati sankarshanakhyam

tam shri-nityananda-ramam prapadye

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi-lila 1.8, it is said:

 

I surrender unto the lotus feet of Shri Nityananda Rama, who is known as Sankarshana in the midst of the catur-vyuha [consisting of Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna and Aniruddha]. He possesses full opulences and resides in Vaikunthaloka, far beyond the material creation.

 

sankarshanah karana-toya-sayi

garbhoda-sayi ca payobdhi-sayi

seshas ca yasyamsa-kalah sa nitya-

nandakhya-ramah saranam mamastu

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi-lila 1.7, it is said:

 

May Shri Nityananda Rama be the object of my constant remembrance. Sankarshana, Sesha Naga and the Vishnus who lie on the Karana Ocean, Garbha Ocean and ocean of milk are His plenary portions and the portions of His plenary portions.

 

Smritis  about the Panca-tattva

 

urdhvamnaya-tantre

 

panca-tattvamakam gauram, krishna-chaitanya-samjnakam;

ye bhajanti navadvipe, te me priyatamah kila.

 

In the Irdhvamnaya-tantra, Lord Siva declares to Parvati:

 

“They who in Navadvipa worship Lord Gaura, who is known as Shri Krishna Chaitanya in His five features (panca-tattva), are most dear to me.”

 

shri chaitanya-caritamrite

 

panca-tattvatmakam krishnam, bhakta-rupa-svarupakam;

bhaktavataram bhaktakhyam, namami bhakta-saktikam.

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi-lila 1.14, it is said:

 

I offer my respectful obeisances unto the Supreme Lord, Krishna, who is nondifferent from His features as a devotee (Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya), devotional incarnation (Lord Shri Nityananda), devotional manifestation (Lord Shri Advaita), pure devotee (Shrivasa Thakura) and devotional energy (Shri Gadadhara Pandita).

 

Smritis  about Shri Advaita Acarya

 

vayu purane

 

rudro’ vatirya mad-bhaktim, shrimad-advaita-samjnakah

grahiyishyati lokams ca, yatnat karunikah prabhuh

 

In the Vayu Purana, the Lord tells Brahma:

 

“Lord Siva will incarnate as My great devotee and His name will be Shrimad Advaita Acarya. Due to His unlimited compassion, He will give pure bhakti to each & everyone with great endeavour.”

 

shri chaitanya-caritamrite

 

maha-vishnur jagat-karta, mayaya yah shrijaty adah;

tasyavatara evayam, advaitacarya isvarah.

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi-lila 1.12-13, it is said:

 

Lord Advaita Acarya is the incarnation of Maha-Vishnu, whose main function is to create the cosmic world through the actions of maya.

 

advaitam harinadvaitad, acaryam bhakti-samsanat;

bhaktavataram isam tam, advaitacaryam asraye.

 

Because He is nondifferent from Hari, the Supreme Lord, He is called Advaita, and because He propagates the cult of devotion, He is called Acarya. He is the Lord and the incarnation of the Lord’s devotee. Therefore I take shelter of Him.

 

Smritis  about parampara

 

Teachings of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

dasa mula & acintya bheda

 

Importance of reading & hearing Gaura-lila

 

dhanye kalau sampravishte, gaura-lila manorama;

prakata bhavita hy etat, vyaktam tada bhavishyati.    ut 82 pg 179

 

Text 57 pg 167

fn 2

 

shrinvanti paraya bhaktya, ye gaura-kirtana-drumam;

na tesham punar avrittih, sive samsara-sagare.

 

 

 

Deity worship (?)

 

Sastras (mother) (Intro with Vedas, puranas& bhakti smrti sastras quotes)

 

Worship of Shri Shri Gaura-Nitai Deities in every home required in Kali-yuga

 

Krishna is the Supreme Absolute truth, the source of all incarnations (?)

 

Glories of the devotees of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

 

Shrimad-Bhagavtam is the topmost pramana

 

Glories of the mercy of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

 

Misfortune of those who do not take shelter of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

 

e-vanyaya ye na bhase, sei jiva chara

koti-kalpe kabhu tara nahika nistara

 

 “Anyone who does not float in this inundation is most condemned. Such a person cannot be delivered for millions of kalpas.

Antya 3.255

 

Offering a flower to Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

 

shri chaitanya-caritamrite

 

ku-manah su-manastvam hi, yati yasya padabjayoh;

su-mano-’rpana-matrena, tam chaitanya-prabhum bhaje.

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi-lila 15.1, it is said:

 

I offer my respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of Lord Chaitanya because simply by offering a flower at His lotus feet even the most ardent materialist becomes a devotee.

 

Glories of chanting the names of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

 

shrivasa balena,--ye tomara nama laya

tara koti aparadha saba haya kshaya

 

Shrivasa Thakura replied, “Anyone who takes Your holy name vanquishes ten million of his offenses immediately.

Adi 17.96

Offering obeisances to Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

 

amake pranati kare, haya papa-kshaya

tabe se ihare bhakti laoyaile laya

 

“If these rogues offer Me obeisances, the reactions of their sinful activities will be nullified. Then, if I induce them, they will take to devotional service.

Adi 17.263

 

pranatite ha’be ihara aparadha kshaya

nirmala hridaye bhakti karaiba udaya

 

“Offering obeisances will relieve them of all the reactions to their offenses. Then, by My grace, devotional service [bhakti] will awaken in their pure hearts.

17.266

 

Seeing Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

 

urdhvamnaya-tantre

 

bhidyate hridaya-granthis, chidyante sarva-samsayah;

kshiyante jada-karmani, gaure drishte parat pare

 

In the Urdhvamnaya-tantra, Lord Siva declares to Parvati:

 

“The strong knot of material attachment in the heart from millions of lives is pierced, all the misgivings and doubts are cut to pieces, the chain of material fruitive activities is permanently terminated when one sees Lord Gaura, the Supreme Personality of Godhead who is the master of all masters.”

 

aparadha nahi, kaile lokera nistara;

ye toma’ dekhila, tara chutila samsara.

 

“There was no offense in Your appearing as Nrisimhadeva. Rather, any man who saw You in that mood was immediately liberated from the bondage of material existence.”

Adi 17.96

 

emana kripalu nahi suni tribhuvane

krishna-prema haya yanra dura darasane

 

There is no one as merciful as Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu within all three worlds. Simply by seeing Him from a distance, one is overwhelmed with love of Godhead.

Madhya 16.121

 

Madhya 9.7-8

purvavat pathe yaite ye paya darasana

yei grame yaya, se gramera yata jana

sabei vaishnava haya, kahe ‘krishna’ ‘hari’

anya grama nistaraye sei ‘vaishnava’ kari’

 

As previously stated, all the residents of the villages visited by Lord Chaitanya became Vaishnavas simply by seeing Him and began to chant Hari and Krishna. In this way, in all the villages visited by the Lord, everyone became a Vaishnava, a devotee just by seeing the Lord.

10

sei saba loka prabhura darsana-prabhave

nija-nija-mata chadi’ ha-ila vaishnave

 

By the influence of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, all these people of South India abandoned their own opinions and became Vaishnavas, devotees of Krishna.

11

vaishnavera madhye rama-upasaka saba

keha ‘tattvavadi’, keha haya ‘shri-vaishnava'

 

At the time, all the South Indian Vaishnavas were worshipers of Lord Ramacandra. Some were Tattvavadis, and some were followers of Ramanujacarya.

12

sei saba vaishnava mahaprabhura darsane

krishna-upasaka haila, laya krishna-name

 

After meeting Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, all those different Vaishnavas became devotees of Krishna and began chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.

Madhya 9.13

 

hindura isvara bada yei narayana;

sei tumi hao,-hena laya mora mana.

 

 “I know that Narayana is the Supreme God of the Hindus, and I think that You are the same Narayana. This I feel within my mind by simply seeing you.”

Adi 17.215

 

Remembering Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

shri chaitanya-caritamrite

 

kathancana smrite yasmin, dushkaram sukaram bhavet;

vismrite viparitam syat, shri-chaitanyam namami tam.

 

In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi-lila 14.1, it is said:

 

“Things that are very difficult to do become easy to execute if one somehow or other simply remembers Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. But if one does not remember Him, even easy things become very difficult. To this Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu I offer my respectful obeisances.”

 

muka kavitva kare yan-sabara smarane

pangu giri langhe, andha dekhe tara-gane

 

By remembering the lotus feet of the Panca-tattva, a dumb man can become a poet, a lame man can cross mountains, and a blind man can see the stars in the sky.

Adi 8.5

 

Importance of Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata

 

 

Smritis  about the golden age in Kali-yuga (10,000 years) brought by Lord Chaitanya

(1486 AD to 11486 AD)

 

brahma-vaivarta purane

 

(1) bhagirathy uvaca

he natha ramana sreshtha, yasi golokam uttamam;

asmakam ka gatis catra, bhavishyati kalau yuge. 

 

In the Brahma-vaivarta Purana, mother Ganges petitions the Lord:

 

“O protector, Supreme enjoyer, on your departure for the supreme abode, Goloka, thereafter what will be my situation in the age of Kali?”

 

(2) shri bhagavan  uvaca

kaleh panca sahasrani, varshani tishtha bhutale;

papani papino yanti, tubhyam dasyanti snanatah.

 

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: “On the earth 5,000 years of Kali will be very sinful and sinners will come and deposit their sins in you by bathing.”

 

(3) man-mantropasaka sparsad, bhasmi bhutani tat kshanat;

bhavishyanti darsanac ca, snana deva hi jahnavi.

 

“Thereafter simply by the sight or touch of One who will worship Me by My mantra*, all those sins will be burnt at once.”

 

(* Here Lord Krishna is indicating His own concealed incarnation in the form of Lord Chaitanya in Kali-yuga, when He will appear as His own upasaka for the purpose of teaching devotional service to everyone by the chanting of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra.)

 

(4) harer namani yatraiva, puranani bhavanti hi;

tatra gatva savadhanam, abhih sarddham ca sroshyasi.

 

“Everywhere there will be chanting of the name of Hari and reading of the Bhagavata Purana. At that time you can also go to such a place and attentively hear My glorification.”

 

(5) purana sravanac caiva, harer namanukirtanat;

bhasmi bhutani papani, brahma-hatyadikani ca.

 

“All sinful reactions including the killing of a brahmana can be completely nulified simply by hearing the Bhagavata Purana and the continuous and devoted chanting of the names of Hari following in the footsteps of the devotees (who are the followers of the mantra-upasaka  Lord Chaitanya).”

 

(6) bhasmi bhutani tanyeva, vaishnavalinganena ca;

trinani sushka kasthani, dahanti pavako yatha.

 

“Just as dry grass or wood is consumed by fire, simply by the embrace of these Vaishnavas all sins of the living entities will be burnt.”

 

(7) tathapi vaishnava loke, papani papinamapi;

prithivyam yani tirthani, punyanyapi ca jahnavi.

 

“O Ganges (Jahnavi), the whole planet will become a most auspicious pilgrimage sight by the presence of Vaishnavas, even though it had been very sinful in the past 5000 years.”

 

(8) mad bhaktanam sarireshu, santi puteshu santatam.

mad bhakta pada rajasa, sadah puta vasundhara.

 

“In the body of My devotees, there is extraordinary potency to purify everything. Thus even Mother Earth will become purified by the dust of the feet of My devotees.”

 

(9) sadyah putani tirthani, sadyah putam jagat tatha;

man mantropasaka vipra, ye mad ucchishta bhojinah.

 

“As My devotees will purify the whole world, they will purify even the pilgrimage sites. Those intelligent learned followers of the worshipper of My maha-mantra (Lord Chaitanya), will only partake My remnants and thus purify everything.”

 

(10) mam eva nityam dhyayante, te mat pranadhikah priyah;

tad upasparsa matrena, puto vayusca pavakah.

 

“Those who meditate on Me constantly by the chanting of the maha-mantra, are more dear to Me than My very life. Even the air and fire (which are already purifiers) will become pure simply even by their indirect touch.”

 

(11) kaler dasa-sahasrani mad bhaktah santi bhutale

eka varna bhavishyanti mad bhakteshu gateshu ca

 

“For 10,000 years of Kali (golden age), such devotees of Mine will fill the whole planet. After the departure of My devotees, all of those who will remain will be like outcastes.”

 

(12) mad bhakta sunya prithivi, kali grasta bhavishyati;

eta smin namtare tatra krishna dehad vinirgatah.

 

“After these 10,000* years, completely devoid of My devotees, the earth will be shackled by Kali’s strong influence (as described in the 12th Canto of the Bhagavata Purana). Saying this, Lord Krishna departed.”

 

(* Kali-yuga total duration is 432,000 years. So after 5,000 years of sinful degradation and the next 10,000 years of the golden age of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu as described above, the balance 417,000 years of Kali-yuga will be the most sinful period for the earth planet due to the complete domination by the personality of Kali. At the end, i.e.  427,000 years from now, the Lord will appear on a white horse in his partial incarnation of Kalki to annihilate the demons and restablish the Satya-yuga.)

 

Elements of the four major sampradayas accepted by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu:

 

In Shri Navadvipa-Dhama-Mahatmya, Chapters 15 & 16, Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has described his revelations regarding the svarupa of the transcendental abode and the ma of the Lord performed in the area of Navadvipa. During these narrations, shri Nityananda Prabhu took Shrila Jiva Goswami on a tour of the nine islands of Navadvipa, and told him many wonderful things. Herein it is mentioned how Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted two principles from each of the four Vaishnava sarnpradayas, and incorporated these into His own sampradaya. It is also mentioned that the four principal acharyas of these four lineages later took birth as Lord Chaitanya's devotees during His manifest lila.

 

Ramanuja - of the Laksmi-sampradaya (who preached the philosophy of dasya-rasa) -Was reborn as the Gaura-bhakta named Ananta (who lived near Vallabhacharya's house):

 

1 ) concept of unalloyed devotion free from karma and jnana (ananya-bhakti)

 

2) service to the devotees bhakta-jana-seva

 

Madhava - of  the Brahma-sampradaya:

 

1 ) complete defeat of mayavada philosophy (kevale-advaita-nirasana)

 

2) worship of the deity of Krishna, understanding it to be eternal (krishna-murti-sevana)

 

Vishnusvami - of the Rudra-sampradaya (who preached suddha advaita philosophy)-Was reborn as the Gaura-bhakta named Vallabha Bhatta,  who perfected his own sampradaya by Gauranga's mercy:

 

1 ) the sentiment of total dependence on Krishna (tadiya-sarvasva-bhava)

 

2) the path of spontaneous devotional service (raga-marga)

 

Nimbarka - of the Kumara-sampradaya (who preached dvaitaadvaita philosophy)-Was reborn as the Gaura-bhakta named Kesava Kasmiri (who perfected his worship of bhava-marga with a mantra described in Sanat Kumara Samhita):

 

1 ) the necessity of taking exclusive shelter of Radhika

(ekanta - radhikasraya)

 

2) the exalted mood of the gopis' love for Shri Krishna (gopi-bhava)