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Nityananda-gauranga-kara-pada-yugala-dhyana

Post Author: Swami Gaurangapada    Date: 2006-05-05 05:30:47
Title: Nityananda-gauranga-kara-pada-yugala-dhyana
User: Damodara Svarupa dasa    Date: 2005-04-01 17:51:35

NITYANANDA-GAURANGA-KARA-PADA-YUGALA-DHYANA -- By Swami Gaurangapada

The Meanings of the Auspicious Marks on the Lotus Feet and Hands of Their
Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga

These beautiful meanings should be meditated upon while chanting the Nityananda
and Gauranga Mantrarajas

Sources - Shrimad Bhagavatam, Saratha-darshini, (Visvanatha Chakravarti's
Bhagavatam commentary), Ananda-chandrika (Visvanatha's tika on Govinda-lilamrita), Visvanatha's Rupa Chintamani, Jiva Goswami's
Shri-kara-pada-yugala-samsmrti, Skanda Purana, Matsya Purana, Garga Samhita and numerous other quotes and compilations.

gaurangera duti pada, jara dhana sampada,
se jane bhakati-rasa-sara

Shrila Narottama Dasa Thakura sings: “Anyone who accepts the two lotus feet of
the Supreme Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu as one's only treasure and wealth in life,
becomes qualified to understand the essence of the pure mellows of devotional
service to the Lord.”

nitai-pada-kamala, koti-chandra-sushitala,
je chayay jagata juray
nitaiyer carana satya,tahara sevaka nitya
nitai-pada sada koro asa

“The lotus feet of Lord Nityananda Prabhu and more soothing, cool and mollifying
than millions upon milions of moons. The whole spiritual and material creation
simply rests on the shelter and under the shadow of His two lotus feet. The only
eternal truth in this world is the two lotus feet of Lord Nityananda and the
servants of These feet are the eternal and immortal associates of the Lord.
Therefore please always aspire to achieve the two lotus feet of Lord Nityananda
Prabhu through the chanting of His Holy Name.”
----------------------------------------------

Conch (shankha) - This auspicious mark indicates that those who take shelter of
Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga's lotus feet are always rescued
from all sorts of distress. Just as during the arati ceremony the conchshell is
used to hold water that is offered directly after the fire of the ghee-lamp,
similarly Their feet hold transcendental water that soothes Their devotees from
the blazing fire of material miseries. Also, this symbol proclaims ultimate
victory for the devotees of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga, since
the conchshell mark on Their feet contains the entire ocean of material
existence that may now be easily crossed. This mark also shows that those who
resort to Their feet become com-pletely fearless. And furthur, the mark is also
symbolic of the jala-tattva or principle of water since from Gauranga's feet has
manifested the river Ganga, purifier of all the worlds. On Gauranga's foot, this
mark also indicates the water-principle that soothes Krishna so that He feels no
burning pain whenever He is separated from Radha's company or while feeling the
mood of separation.

Flag (dhvaja) - This mark announces that for the devotees meditating on the feet
of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga, the Lords give full security
and safe protection from all sorts of fear. Furthermore, this mark on Gauranga's
foot indicates that there will be supreme victory for all the associates of Lord
Gauranga who are aware of the glories of His lotus feet.

Fish (matsya) - This mark shows that just as a fish cannot live without water,
similarly the surrendered devotees cannot live a moment with-out directly
associating with The lotus feet and the Holy Names of Their Lordships Shri Shri
Nityananda Gauranga. This mark on Gauranga's foot shows that Lord Gauranga is
like a fish out of water, cannot live for a moment without relishing His own
love and chanting His own Names. It also shows that all the most cherished
desires and longings of those who resort to the lotus feet of Their Lordships
Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga will be truly fulfilled. It also means that the
mind is very fickle, just like a fish who wavers this way and that, and so only
after much medita-tion on Their lotus feet while chanting Their Holy Names it
will finally become steady and fixed of the Lord.
It also indicates that Their feet will come to live in one's heart only if the
heart has been liquified by soft loving emotions; Their feet do not thrive where
it is dry. Further, it shows that Lord Gauranga's foot bears this mark of the
fish, which is the emblem flying on the banner of Cupid, so His lotus feet are
the seed and bestower of pure conjugal love for Their Lordships Shri Shri Radha
and Krishna. He also has this mark on His feet to indicate that He has conquered
Cupid, thereby displaying Cupid's flag of surren-der on the soles of His feet.
And it is a reminder that during the great universal devastation and flood Lord
Gauranga assumed the form of Matsya, the fish-incarnation, and thereby saved His
devotees.

Lotus (kamala) - This mark increases greed for nectar in the minds of the
beelike devotees who meditate on The lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri
Nityananda Gauranga. Furthermore, this mark on Gauranga's foot refers to the
services of His devotees who massage His feet with their lotus hands. The lotus
also signifies that just as a lotus grows out of water, similarly those whose
eyes swell with tears upon chanting the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas
receive the highest benefit.
This mark also shows that the goddess of fortune, Shri Lakshmi Devi, always
resides at Their feet rendering humble service. It signifies that Their feet are
so soft that they can only be compared to lotus petals; indeed, upon first
glancing at Their lotus feet. you would think you are directly seeing fresh
lotus blossoms. It also reveals that just as a lotus blooms by day and contracts
by night, similarly those who remain steeped in meditation on the Lotus Feet and
Holy Names of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga always feel the
blossoming unfoldment of' brilliant spiritual ecsta-sies that dispel the
darkness of ignorance. This mark also indicates that just as bees live inside
lotus flowers, similarly the minds of the Gauranga Bhaktas always reside in the
nectar of Their lotus feet. It also shows that this lotus (or consciousness of
Their lotus feet) will not grow unless there is profusion of prema-jala or the
water of pure divine love.
It also means that the bee of the devotee's mind cannot fly beyond the bondage
of gyana (speculative knowledge) and vairagya (renunciation) without the
temptation offered by the superior nectar of Their lotus feet. It denotes that
Their feet always reside in the Navadvipa forest, which is shaped like a lotus;
thus the mark is indicative of Their Supreme Lordship over all of creation. Even
Lord Vishnu knows that the Lotus Feet and Holy Names of Their Lordships Shri
Shri Nityananda Gauranga are the supreme abode of happiness, and in His eternal
service to Their feet He holds the four weapons (beginning with the lotus, disc,
club and conchshell). Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga bestow
benedictions by use of the lotus and other items like Lord Vishnu does since
They are the original Vishnus, and therefore Their lotus feet are also marked
with these symbols.

Bow (dhanu) - This mark reveals that those who take shelter of the lotus feet of
Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga will perpetually be freed from all
worries and difficulties. It also shows that those who are stupefied in the
material world remain motionless like a target and do not come to Their feet and
Their Holy Name; whereas those who come to the ultimate goal of Their feet and
Holy Name remain there and never go back to the material world. Further. when
the mind of the devotee meets the target of Their feet, then pure love condenses
as a result and overflows as the tears showering from their eyes.

Goad (ankusha) - This mark indicates that meditation on The lotus feet of Their
Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga brings the elephants of Their devotees'
minds under control and keeps them on the right path. It also shows that those
who thus stay on the path toward Their feet and Holy Names become superior among
men, just as one riding on top of an elephant travels far above the rest. This
mark when on Gauranga's foot, indicates that even though Krishna's elephant-like
mind attempts to have like many different kinds of heroines, the lotus feet of
Radha are still powerful enough to easily conquer Him and bring Him under
control and force Him to assume the golden complexion of Radha to become
Gauranga.

Triangle (tri-kona) - The meanings of this mark are: that the devotees who
resort to The lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga will
be saved from the snares of the three-fold modes of maya; that Their feet are
the first and last refuge for the inhabitants of the three worlds; that Their
feet are the safest sanctuary for demigods, human beings and animals as well;
that Their feet are the sole desired object of the muktas (liberat-ed),
mumukshas (those desirous of liberation) as well as vishayi (sense-gratifiers);
and that Their feet should be resorted to by everyone with full concentration of
their body, mind and speech. It also shows that Krishna, the conqueror of Cupid,
is the Lord and husband of all women, whether they are in the category of wedded
wives, unwedded lovers, or prostitutes. It also shows that Gauranga is the
original source of His three expanded manifestations of Brahma, Vishnu and
Shiva. Gauranga also bears this mark upon His foot to indicate that the three
energies of Shri, Bhu and Nila are His maidser-vants. It refers to His stepping
over the three worlds Svarga (heavenly planets), Bhu (earthly region) and Pata!a
(lower planets), with one step (in His incarnation as Vamana Deva). Also that
His feet remove the threefold miseries of adhyatmika (caused by one's own body
or mind), adhidaivika (caused by demigods, such as natural disasters), and
adhibhautika (caused by other living beings). It further signifies that Lord
Gauranga's lotus feet may be attained by worshippers performing any of the three
methods of sadhana-bhakti, gyana and vairagya. It denotes that Lord Gauranga
never goes anywhere other than Navadvipa, Jagannatha Puri and Vrindavana. Also
that whether one is sura (godly), nara (human) or asura (demon), Lord Gauranga
sees everyone equally and bestows the same bhakti. Also that His lotus feet have
attracted the fixed gaze of the three eyes of Lord Shiva.

Barleycorn - This mark signifies that the devotees of Their Lordships Shri Shri
Nityananda Gauranga receive all enjoyable opulences of prosperity by serving
Their feet. It also means that once one finds shelter at Their feet and Holy
Name, then the devotee's former journey through many many births and deaths is
actually very tiny, just like a single grain of barley. It further demonstrates
that just as the barley grains are the sustenance of life for living beings,
similarly it is widely celebrated that Their glorious feet are the nourishment
for all souls.

Altar (vedi) - This mark proclaims that the sins of those who meditate upon The
lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga are burned up as if
on the altar of sacrifice. Further-more, it indicates that just as the universe
is nourished by the brahmanas offering fire-sacrific-es, similarly those who
offer their minds in sacri-fice to Their lotus feet stimulate universal
nourishment that affects all of creation. The universe is the form of Gauranga,
and the offering is the form of Nityananda; this perfect union is indicated by
the mark of a sacrificial altar.

Half-moon (ardha-chandra) - This mark symbolizes how The lotus feet of Their
Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga truly accomplish the desired objectives
of the devotees. It signifies that even gods like Lord Shiva have decorated
their own heads with the soles of Their feet and their mouths by Their Holy
Name. It also shows that devotees who likewise decorate their own heads with
Their feet can become exalted like Shiva. Just as the moon showers nectar with
its cooling rays, similarly Their feet shower nectar upon Their devotees,
extinguishing the three-fold material miseries. So that the minds of the
devo-tees may reside at Their feet. They bear the symbol of the moon (which is
the devata or presiding deity of the mind) upon Their feet. Just as the moon is
one, yet destroys the darkness seen by many people simultaneously, similarly the
Lord Gauranga is one and yet by His cleverness can deliver many souls at the
same time. The half-moon also indi-cates that since Their toenails appear like
ten splendrously full moons, the real moon has shriv-eled up in shame and
appears in half-form. It also means that the half-hearted attempts of those who
are abhakta (improperly devoted), kurasika (relishing transcendental topics with
the wrong attitude); and kutila (crooked or duplicious) cannot approach Their
feet. Also, just as the half-moon is in the process of increasing, similarly the
benefit for one who is day-by-day expanding the glorifica-tion of Their feet and
Holy Names in a spotless manner certainly increases.

Upcurving-line (urdhva-rekha) - This mark signifies that the devotees who cling
to The lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga and Their
Holy Names, as if holding on to a life-line, will be transported to the higher
realms. Indeed, they will not fall down. It shows that such devotees need never
be doubtful of their upward passage; they cannot be held captive within the
small egg-like material universe. It also indicates that the path to Their feet,
being free of external designations, is very direct. It also reveals that Their
feet can reach down to the lowest of fallen souls and deliver those who have
taken shelter of Them.

Pitcher (kalasa) - This mark shows that The lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri
Shri Nityananda Gauranga hold the golden pitcher full of purely nectarean
ambrosia to be freely consumed by the surren-dered souls; indeed, they will
never be bereft of nectar, for this pitcher always remains full. This mark also
indicates that Their feet can pour out nectar that extinguishes the buring fire
of separa-tion felt by the gopis as well as the blazing three-fold miseries of
Their separated devotees. It also refers to Their feet as the source of the
Ganga river, which is supremely purifying. Further, the full pitcher is a symbol
to show that no inauspiciousness can come near Their devotees, but rather that
Their feet bring ripples of happiness emanating from divine auspiciousness. Also
in order to hear the joking statements of the gopis, Lord Gauranga bears this
emblem of their jug-like breasts upon His feet.

Disc (chakra) - This mark cuts down the six enemies of The devotees of Their
Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga - lust. anger, greed, illusion, envy,
and bewilderment. It indicates tejas or the principle of brilliance by which
They destroy the darkness of sin from within Their own devotees' hearts.
Furthermore, this mark on Gautranga's feet shows that He is the ruler of His own
kingdoms formed by the circle of Navadvipa-mandala and Vraja-mandala.
Sky (ambara) - This mark of two circles, one within the other indicates that the
The lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga are
all-pervading throughout the entire creation, both within and without all
manifestations. It also shows that even though Their feet are everywhere, they
are unattached just like the sky.

Umbrella (chatra) - This mark proves that those who take shelter of The lotus
feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga are shielded from the
incessant rainfall of material miseries. Furthermore, this mark on Lord
Gauranga's feet indicates that His feet provide relief to His devotees from the
scorching heat felt in His separation. It also refers to Gauranga in His form of
Krishna holding Govardhana Hill up like an umbrella to protect Vraja from the
devastating rainfall caused by the anger of Indra. It also denotes that those
who sit in the shade of Their feet becomes exalted just like maharajas (great
kings), who usually have umbrellas held over their heads.

Cow-hoof (gospada) - This mark signifies that for those who have taken full
shelter of uninterrupted meditation on the lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri
Shri Nityananda Gauranga, the great ocean of material worldly existence becomes
very small and insignificant like the water held in a calf's hoof-print, and
thus is easily crossed over.

Thunderbolt (vajra) - This mark reveals that meditation on The lotus feet of
Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga smashes to pieces the mountain of
Their devotees' karmic reactions to past sins. It also indicates that whoever
holds on to Their feet becomes as exalted as Lord Indra (whose weapon is the
thunderbolt). This mark also shows that the glories of Krishna's dynasty were
established by His own grandson named Vajranabha, who preserved the many places
of His pastimes, built shrines, installed various Deities and initiated regular
festival celebrations.

Chariot (ratha) - This mark symbolizes the universe as a chariot and The lotus
feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga show in which direction
for all souls to travel. It further indicates that Lord Gauranga is so merciful
to His devotees that He even becomes the chariot driver for them. It also shows
that the supreme goal may be easily attained, just as there is no trouble when
one rides on a chariot to visit the forest. Whoever sits upon the chariot of
Their feet emerges victorious in the battle with maya or the illusory energy.

Auspicious symbol (svastika) - This mark signifies that for those who resort to
The lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga, all is well. It
also shows that nothing inauspicious could possibly remain for one who holds
Their feet to their heart.

Octagon (ashta-kona) - This mark symbolizes that those who worship The lotus
feet of Their Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga are well-protect-ed in the
eight directions. It also shows that nothing within the kingdom of eight
directions is unattainable for the devotees. Further, Their devotees
automatically and easily achieve the use of the eight mystic perfections in the
course of performing service to Their feet and Their Holy Names.

Rose-apple (jambu-phala) - This mark is indicative that The lotus feet of Their
Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga are the only worshipable objects for all
those who are residents of this region of Jambudvipa (island of the rose-apple,
according to Vedic cosmogrophy).

Club (gada) - This mark is to show that The lotus feet of Their Lordships Shri
Shri Nityananda Gauranga are capable of chastising the elephant of sinful lust.
It further indicates that for whoever takes shelter of Their feet all their
ancestors will also receive benefit.

Earring (kundala) - Gauranga's lotus feet hold this emblem to indicate how
Krishna's ear is always listening for the tinkling sound of the charming
anklebells of Radha's lotus feet; thus Lord Krishna lives for the shelter of Her
feet, which give Him all happiness. It also shows that Lord Gauranga's two lotus
feet are the theorum that is proven by the system of sankhya.

Mountain (parvata) - This mark on the lotus feet of Lord Gauranga reveals that
even though Giri Govardhana is worshiped by all of Vraja as the best of
mountains, stilt Govardhana Hill in turn serves the feet of the Divine Couple in
the form of Lord Gauranga in Navadvipa.

Bracelet (valaya) - This mark, unique to Gauranga's feet indicates that His feet
are always present on the hands of His devotees who are massaging His feet after
His sankirtana dancing pastimes, just as a bracelet always accompa-nies the
hand.

Spear (shakti) - This mark assures those who wish to have the miserable bonds of
the mundane sphere cut, and who take shelter of The lotus feet of Their
Lordships Shri Shri Nityananda Gauranga immediately slash all entangle-ments and
difficulties. It also indicates that They are shaktimana or the natural
possessors of all divine potencies, whereas Their servants are not endowed with
separate, independent power but are completely dependent on Them.

Flower (pushpa) - This mark, unique to Gauranga's feet, shows that the divine
fame of His feet spreads everywhere just like the fragrance of a flower. It also
shows that His feet are not hard, but soft as flower petals. And it means that
just as every fruit comes into being after the plant blooms, similarly all
spiritual fruits come into being after first blossoming at the soles of Lord
Gauranga's lotus feet.

Creeper (valli) - This mark unique to Lord Gauranga's foot, symbolizes how the
desire-creeper of the devotees grows and grows and gradually seeks refuge at His
lotus feet. It also shows that His feet are always found in the forest of
Navadvipa, where many vines and creepers thrive. It also proves that Lord
Gauranga Mahaprabhu is the supreme Lord of herbal medicine, and that His lotus
feet are the ideal cure for healing the disease of materialism. Further, it
means to show that Radha is like the creeper wrapping around the tree that is
Krishna and thus combining to manifest the form of Gauranga. And it also shows
that Lord Gauranga's lotus feet traverse ground that abounds with groves and
vine-laden bower-houses. It further indicates that intelligent persons hold on
to Lord Gauranga's Lotus Feet and Holy Name just as a creeper firmly grasps
whatever it is ascending.

Plow (hala) - Lord Nityananda Balarama being the Original spiritual master
cultivates the field of our heart with his golden plow and makes it fertile for
planting the seed of pure devotional service to Lord Gauranga and Their
Lordships Shri Shri Radha and Krishna. He also removes the unwanted weeds of
material desires in this process and thus grants us qualification for chanting
Gauranga's Holy Name.



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