Post Author: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-05-05 05:30:47
Title: Lord Chaitanya And The Acharyas On 64 Rounds User: Damodara Svarupa dasa Date: 2005-02-22 07:17:11
Lord Chaitanya And The Acharyas On 64 Rounds -- By Swami Gaurangapada
The perfection of life is to get the degree of laksesvara from Lord Chaitanya those who don't chant 100,000 names daily will develop material desires and become incapable of serving even the most merciful & liberal incarnation of the Lord according to Shrila Sarasvati Thakura.
(1) prabhu bale,-"jana, 'laksesvara' bali kare? prati-dina laksa-nama ye grahana kare"
In the Chaitanya-bhagavata Madhya Khanda 9.121-122, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu instructed us on whose worship and service He will accept:
"Do you know who is a laksesvara? He is someone who chants one laksa, or one hundred thousand holy names (sixty-four rounds of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra) everyday."
[NOTE: THE FOLLOWING ARE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PURPORTS (IMHO) OF SRILA SARASVATI THAKURA IN ALL HIS GAUDIYA BHASYAS SINCE IT HAS BEEN INCLUDED IN HIS FINAL UPADESHAVALI. THAT IS WHY THE ORIGINAL BENGALI IS INCLUDED.]
"The Lord accepts bhoga (foodstuffs) and other ingredients only from such personalities.
jini laksanama grahana karena na, tahara nikate haite bhagavan naivedya svikara-dvara seva-saubhagya pradana karena na.
"Those who don't chant one hundred thousand names daily, are never awarded the great fortune of rendering service to the Lord by offering Him naivedya (bhoga). This is because never accepts (svikara) their offerings."
The Lord continued - "Those who consider themselves devotees of the Lord must compulsorily chant 100,000 names everyday otherwise they will gradually but surely become attached to varieties of sense- objects and thus become incapable to rendering any kind of service to the Lord."
(Shrila Sarasvati Thakura continues) Therefore all the devotees who have taken shelter of Lord Chaitanyadeva perform the chanting of 100,000 names of Krishna daily as their first and primary duty. Because they know that if they don't do so then Lord Gaurasundera will never accept the very bhoga (naivedya) which they will cook for Him daily.
(2) "se janera nama ami bali 'laksesvara' tatha bhiksa amara, na yai anya ghara"
"I call such a person a laksesvara. I only accept meals in that person's house. I never go anywhere else."
The devotees of Lord Shri Chaitanya never talk with such non-devotees. They never do friendship with those who are engaged in the cultivation of karma,jnana or other desires which are devoid of bhakti.
[Note: Shrila Sarasvati Thakura indicates that those who do not chant laksa-nama daily get engaged in karma,jnana, material desires and gradually become non-devotees. The next line is even more clear.]
pratyah laksa-nama grahana na karile patita vyaktiganera visaya-bhoga pravrtti vrddhi paya; takhana ara tahara shri gaurasunderarera seva karite pare na.
Those who don't accept this vow of chanting 100,000 names daily, they fallen down even more although they were fallen in the first place (due to contamination of Kali-yuga). Thus their propensity for enjoying the senses and sense-objects increases and ultimately they are not able to render any kind of service to Lord Gaurasundera.
[Note: Shrila Sarasvati has conclusively established here that those who don't chant laksa-nama daily are absolutely sure to fall down even from the service of the merciful Lord Gaurasundera in due course of time. Then what to speak of rendering service to Their Lordships Radha & Krishna]
laksesvara vyatita gaura-bhaktira adarsa gaudiyajana kehai svikara karena na.
That is the precise reason why the real Gaudiya-bhaktas do not accept any other ideal (adarsa) in Gaura-bhakti except the process of chanting 100,000 names daily.
adhapatita va adhapete gana eka-matra bhajana-sabda-vacya shri-nama- bhajane vimukhata-vasata laksa-nama grahana karibara parivarte anyabhajanera chalana korena, taddvara tahadera kona mangala haya na.
Those spiritual aspirants who are already fallen or will fall in the future are averse to this sole means of deliverance called nama- bhajana which is also the worship of the sound incarnation of God in the form of chanting 100,000 names daily. Coming under the sway of their averseness to chant laksa-nama daily, they duplicitously invent other means of devotional service to justify their not chanting laksa- nama but it is to be understood that by this action they will not achieve anything auspicious in their life.
[Note: This final statement is so crystal clear, straight and conclusive.]
One round (on mala, 108 beads) = 108 times the full Hare Krishna maha- mantra One grantha= 4 rounds (malas) One nirbandha = 16 granthas = 64 rounds of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra = 100,000 total names of Hare, Krishna & Rama Samasta purva mahajanagana prabhura ei adesa palana kariya sarva-siddhi labha kariyachilena.
All the previous mahajanas (great devotees) without exception have achieved success only through this process of chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra in atleast one nirbandha (64 rounds) daily.
[Note: So according to Thakura Bhaktivinoda, Lord Chaitanya is requesting everyone to chant atleast one nirbandha (64 rounds) of the Hare Krishna everyday to ensure the achievement of perfection in this harinama-sankirtana yajna in Kali-yuga.]
SRILA BHAKTISIDDHANTA SARASVATI THAKURA IN UPADESHAVALI:
22. Bhagavan will not accept anything which is offered by a person who doesn't chant Harinama one-hundred thousand times daily and such a person is considered a 'patita'.
23. By sincerely endeavoring to chant Harinama without offences and remaining fixed in chanting constantly, one's offences will fade and pure Harinama will arise on the tongue.
Shrila Bhakti Promod Puri Goswami Maharaja about his guru Om Vishnupada Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada:
"Unfailingly as a daily vow, he used to chant one lakh Names of the Lord (64 rounds) and his instruction to all his disciples was to do likewise. Keeping this vow intact, he would allot his times incredibly to cover all his preaching schedules and literary work, being a source of inspiration to all who came in contact with him."
Those who have chanted laksa hari-nama for fifteen or twenty years should know such things (rasa-sastra). The beginners need not hear these topics or they will misunderstand.' (Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, From an article in The Gaudiya, 1934)
Only those devotees are sad-grhasthas who chant 100,000 names of Krishna daily. And the pure devotees should accept prasada only in the homes of these sad-grhasthas.
[Note: Since Lord Chaitanya accepts the bhoga of only those grhasthas who chant 100,000 names daily, thus pure devotees should accept prasada only in the homes of such grhasthas.]
mane habe-aja laksa nama ye kariba krame krame tina laksa nama ye smariba mahagraha habe citta namera samkhyaya acire yabe jadya sadhura krpaya
In the Hari-nama-cintamani it is said:
"When one's mind desires to chant and remember one hundred thousand holy names (64 rounds) daily and furthur desires to slowly increase it to three hundred thousand and when my mind becomes very attached and eager to complete the fixed number of rounds (sankhya) and pushes me to complete the sankhya everday, then it is understood that very soon the laziness or apathy in chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra will vanish by the mercy of the sadhus and my chanting will bring me the desired fruit of pure love for Krishna."
In Bhajana-pranali, Hari-nama-cintamani it is said:
Samkhya koriya tulasira malaya namasnarana ba kirtanai upasana. Sei upasana-kramai sakala labhera mula. Sutaranga prathame atyalpakala nirjjane ekagra haiya nama koribe. Krame namasamkhya vrddhi korite korite namanusilanera nairantarjya evam visaya-pratibaddhakera ksaya avasya haibe.
The upasana or the method of worship to achieve prema is to chant and remember the name of Krishna on tulasi beads. This worship gradually becomes the root cause for all auspicious achievements. That is why in the beginning one should sit down in a solitary place for a very short period and chant the name with concentration. Gradually one should increase the number of rounds (as given in the above verse). Then gradually the cultivation of the name will become continuous then all the obstacles and material desires will be destroyed.
[Note: As per the above statement by Thakura Bhaktivinoda it is clear that without gradually increasing the chanting upto the point of chanting continuously (atleast 64 rounds), the obstacles on our spiritual path will never be removed.]
In the Jaiva-dharma all the babajis chant 200,000 names daily. Then they read the scriptures and preach to whoever comes to meet them. Advaita das babaji experiences purification of heart and freedom from anarthas after chanting 200,000 names 3 to 4 years in Navadvipa-dhama in the association of pure devotees. Haridas babaji tells Nityananda das that he has just crossed the kanishtha platform and entered the madhyama paltform after he had chanted 64 rounds for many many years.
SRILA JAGANNATHA DASA BABAJI
The main teaching of Shrila Jagannatha dasa babaji:
"If you want to achieve perfection in Krishna consciousness, you must take a vow to chant a minimum of two hundred thousand or otherwise one hundred thousand of holy names every day, and you must execute that without fail.
Before you retire at night you must finish this specific number of rounds, then you can achieve perfection in Krishna consciousness."
SRILA LOKANATHA GOSWAMI TO SRILA NAROTTAMA
Prema-vilasa: Chapter 11
(Note: Both Shrila Prabhupada and Shrila Sarasvati Thakura have accepted Prema-vilasa as bonafide in their commentaries to Cc Adi 13.60 purp.)
je vaishnava haibe laibe harinama sankhya kari nama laile krpa karena gauradhama
"Those who are Vaishnavas must chant the names of Krishna in a particular number everyday. Then Lord Gaura, the supreme abode of love will be merciful to them.
WHAT IS THAT NUMBER?
purva abhipraye sabe laha harinama keha laksa visesatah mukhe gana
"Everyone should specifically chant or sing the name loudly 1,00,000 times a day with the mood I have described earlier.
narottama laksa nama laya sankhya kari nama laile gaurangera sarva sakti dhari
"O my disciple, Narottama! Please chant 1,00,000 names everyday while maintaining their count. If you chant in this way then you will become empowered by all the potencies of Lord Gauranga.
"I again repeat that if you want to achieve the lotus feet of Lord Krishna, then you have to chant 1,00,000 names daily. After chanting four rounds (granthi) or one round, you should offer obeisances to the Name.
Prema-vilasa Chapter 17: Shrila Narottama to Shrila Kaviraja on the direct process to achieve love of Krishna
prabhura achaye sankhya tina laksa nama eka laksa bhaktagane kaila krpa dana
"Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu used to Himself chant 300,000 names everyday. But He very mercifully awarded His devotees the process of chanting 100,000 names daily.
shri rupa kaila laksa granthera varnana tathapiha karila laksa nama grahana
"Shrila Rupa Goswami has explained and quoted from over 100,000 different scriptures. Even though he was such a great scholar and devotee he himself chanted 100,000 Names daily.
dasa goswamira ache laksa pramana ei mata sarva bhakta kare harinama
"Shrila Raghunatha Das Goswami also rigidly followed the instructions of the Lord by chanting 100,000 names daily. In this way (laksa-nama) all the devotees chanted the holy name of Krishna.
gauranga shrimukhe rupe kahila vaisnave laksa nama sankhya kari avasya karibe
"Lord Gauranga instructed the Vaishnavas and Shrila Rupa Himself that please compulsorily chant 100,000 names of Krishna daily.
Shrila Thakura Narottama considering himself worthless in his natural humility, called all his disciples, followers and friends, and spoke to them in the following important instructions.
MOST IMPORTANT & FINAL INSTRUCTION:
prathamei krishnapada prapti laksa jara se laiba laksa-nama sankhya apanara
"Those whose top priority in life is to achieve the lotus feet of Krishna should voluntarily chant 100,000 names of Krishna daily."
Narottama Vilasa 10th Vilasa:
Rupamala, the queen of a distant country became so happy on getting initiation from Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura that she sweared to take one hundred thousand Harinama (64 rounds of the Hare Krishna maha- mantra) in a day. Seeing her determination, everyone began to sing the glory of Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura Mahasaya.
SRILA RASIKANANDA DEVA
Shri Rasika-mangala, Eastern part, 6th Wave:
When Shri Rasikananda was a child, he did not waste time playing games like other children. Rather, he would meditate on the maha-mantra. His daily practice was to chant a hundred thousand names of Krishna (64 rounds). He would refuse to accept his mother's foodstuffs until he completed his chanting.
We will end with some quotes of Shrila Prabhupada which were not posted earlier:
The Nectar of Devotion -- Vrndavana, October 20, 1972
"Just like we have asked our students to finish sixteen rounds chanting minimum. Sixteen rounds is nothing. In Vrndavana there are many devotees, they chant 120 rounds. Like that. So sixteen rounds is the minimum. Because I know in the Western countries it is difficult job to finish sixty-four rounds or 120 rounds, like that. Minimum sixteen rounds. That must be finished."
MINIMUM IS 64 BUT IT HAS BEEN FURTHUR MINIMIZED
Letter to: Purusottama, Bombay, 23 October, 1973
Because we have got many duties, ...we minimized the amount to 16 rounds, otherwise ...minimum is 64 rounds, but Western people cannot ...this. So 16 rounds must be executed.
Nectar of Instruction, Verse 5:
The Krishna consciousness movement prescribes sixteen rounds daily because people in the Western countries cannot concentrate for long periods while chanting on beads. Therefore the minimum number of rounds is prescribed.
However, Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura used to say that unless one chants at least sixty-four rounds of japa (one hundred thousand names), he is considered fallen (patita). According to his calculation, practically every one of us is fallen, but because we are trying to serve the Supreme Lord with all seriousness and without duplicity, we can expect the mercy of Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who is famous as patita-pavana, the deliverer of the fallen.
Note: If devotees find any other quotes on the importance of chanting laksa-nama from the previous acaryas, please let me know.)