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Title: Krishna Varnam Tattva Sandarbha 1.1

User: Nitaipada_Maharaja   Date: 2007-02-16 05:23:40


Nityananda! Gauranga! Hare Krishna! I have become fascinated with Shrila Jiva Goswami's "Shri Tattva Sandarbha" and have taken to studying it.


Shri Tattva-sandarbha

An Essay on Truth

By Shrila Jiva Gosvami





"krishna-varnam tvishakrishnam


yajnaih sankirtana-prayair

yajanti hi sumedhasah"



"In the age of Kali intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead who constantly sings the name of Krishna.   Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself.  He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions."   (SB 11.5.32)


This text is from Shrimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.32, and is also recited by Krishnadasa Kaviraja in the Chaitanya-caritamr ̣ta, Adi- lila, Chapter Three, verse 52.  Shrila Jiva Gosvam i has explained this verse in his commentary on the Bhagavatam known as the Krama- sandarbha, wherein he says that Lord Kṛs ̣ṇa also appears with a golden complexion. That golden Lord Kr ̣ṣṇa is Lord Chaitanya, who is worshiped by intelligent men in this age. That is confirmed in Shrimad-Bhagavatam by Garga Muni, who said that although the child Krishna was blackish, He also appears in three other colors — red, white and yellow. He exhibited His white and red complexions in the Satya and Treta ages respectively. He did not exhibit the remaining color, yellow-gold, until He appeared as Lord Chaitanya, who is known as Gaurahari.


"Shrila Jiva Gosvami explains that kṛṣṇa -varṇam means Shri Krṣṇa Chaitanya . Kṛṣn ̣a-varṇam and Krishna Chaitanya are equivalent. The name Kṛs ̣ṇa appears with both Lord Kr ̣ṣṇa and Lord Chaitanya Kṛṣn ̣a. Lord Shri Chaitanya Maha prabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but He always engages in describing Kṛ ṣṇa and thus enjoying transcendental bliss by chanting and remembering His name and form. Lord Kṛṣn ̣a Himself appears as Lord Chaitanya to preach the highest gospel. Varn ̣ayati means 'utters' or 'describes.' Lord Chaitanya always chants the holy name of Kṛs ̣ṇa and describes it also, and because He is Kr ̣ṣṇa Himself, whoever meets Him will automatically chant the holy name of Kṛs ̣n ̣a and later describe it to others. He injects one with transcendental Krishna consciousness, which merges the chanter in transcendental bliss. In all respects, therefore, He appears before everyone as Krishna, either by personality or by sound. Simply by seeing Lord Chaitanya one at once remembers Lord Krishna. One may therefore accept Him as viṣṇu- tattva. In other words, Lord Chaitanya is Lord Krishna Himself.


"Sangopagastra-parṣadam further indicates that Lord Chaitanya is Lord Krishna. His body is always decorated with ornaments of sandalwood and with sandalwood paste. By His superexcellent beauty He subdues all the people of the age. In other descents the Lord sometimes used weapons to defeat the demoniac, but in this age the Lord subdues them with His all-attractive figure as Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Shrila Jiva Gosvami explains that His beauty is His astra, or weapon, to subdue the demons. Because He is all-attractive, it is to be understood that all the demigods lived with Him as His companions. His acts were uncommon and His associates wonderful. When He propagated the sankirtana movement, He attracted many great scholars and acaryas, especially in Bengal and Orissa. Lord Chaitanya is always accompanied by His best associates like Lord Nityananda, Advaita, Gadadhara and Shrivasa .


"Shrila Jiva Gosvami cites a verse from the Vedic literature that says that there is no necessity of performing sacrificial demonstrations or ceremonial functions. He comments that instead of engaging in such external, pompous exhibitions, all people, regardless of caste, color or creed, can assemble together and chant Hare Krishna to worship Lord Chaitanya. Krishna -varṇaḿ tviṣakṛṣṇam  indicates that prominence should be given to the name Krishna. Lord Chaitanya taught Krishna consciousness and chanted the name of Krishna. Therefore, to worship Lord Chaitanya, everyone should together chant the maha- mantra — Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Kṛṣṇa, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. To propagate worship in churches, temples or mosques is not possible because people have lost interest in that. But anywhere and everywhere, people can chant Hare Kṛṣṇa. Thus worshiping Lord Chaitanya, they can perform the highest activity and fulfill the highest religious purpose of satisfying the Supreme Lord.


"Shrila Sarvabhauma Bhaṭṭacarya, a famous disciple of Lord Chaitanya, said: 'The principle of transcendental devotional service having been lost, Shri Kṛṣṇa Chaitanya has appeared to deliver again the process of devotion. He is so kind that He is distributing love of Kṛṣṇa. Everyone should be attracted more and more to His lotus feet, as humming bees are attracted to a lotus flower.' "


The incarnation of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is also described in the Shri Viṣṇu- sahasra-nama, which appears in Chapter 189 of the Dana -dharma-parva of Mahabharata. Shrila Jiva Gosvami has quoted this reference as follows: suvarṇa-varṇo hemango varangaś candanangadi. "In His early pastimes He appears as a householder with a golden complexion. His limbs are beautiful, and His body, smeared with the pulp of sandalwood, seems like molten gold." He has also quoted, sannyasa-kṛc chamaḥ śanto niṣṭha- śanti-parayaṇaḥ: "In His later pastimes He accepts the sannyasa order, and He is equipoised and peaceful. He is the highest abode of peace and devotion, for He silences the impersonalist nondevotees."