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Title: Shri Gaura Ganodesa Dipika - The Great Classic Scripture

User: Damodara Svarupa dasa      Date: 2005-03-01 20:06:52

 

Shri Gaura Ganodesa Dipika - The Great Classic Scripture

 

Shri Gaura Ganodesa Dipika

by Shrila Kavi Karnapura

 

1. Dark-complexioned Lord Krishna, whose form is eternal, blissful, and full of

knowledge, formerly danced with the golden-complexioned gopis in the land of

Vrndavana. By intently embracing them He attained a golden complexion like

theirs. In this golden form He has now appeared in the town of Navadvipa.

 

2. We offer respectful obeisances to Lord Advaita and the other dear associates

of the Lord, who are all full of compassion for the fallen souls. We offer our

respectful obeisances to Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami and the other

companions of the Lord. As the Lord Himself is full of auspicious transcendental

qualities, so are they. As the Lord Himself is full of mercy, so are they. These

great devotees are filled with the sweet nectar of Krishna-consciousness. These

great devotees remove the grave sins of this material world.

 

3. We offer our respectful obeisances to Shrinatha Cakravarti, our spiritual master,

who is very dear to the all-powerful Personality of Godhead. Our spiritual master

is like a jewel decorating the earth, or like a splendid moon shining in the

brahminical community. Some rare elevated souls in this world are able to

understand and relish his nectarean description of Lord Krishna's confidential

pastimes in Vrndavana.

 

4. With great devotion, I offer my respectful obeisances to my father, Shri

Sivanandana, who is like a brilliant lamp shining in the Sena family, and who is

counted among the foremost associates of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

5. Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami and other great Vaishnava authors have

written in their books many descriptions of the great associates of Lord Chaitanya

Mahaprabhu, Lord Nityananda, and Lord Advaita. These authors have explained

that the associates of Lord Chaitanya had previously been cowherd people in

Vrndavana during Lord Krishna's advent, and these authors have informed us of

the former names of each of these associates of the Lord. I have carefully

considered all these writings, and I have also heard the testimonies of the

devotees in Bengal, Orissa, and Mathura. Collecting all this evidence, I,

Paramananda dasa, write this book describing the previous life of the associates

of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

6. Just as Lord Krishnacandra, who is non-different from the Panca-tattva, formerly

appeared in this world, so Lord Chaitanya also appeared in this world.

 

7. The members of the Panca-tattva are non-different from Lord Chaitanya

Mahaprabhu. Had they been different from Him, they would have been known as

"catstayam tattvam (the four truths)".

 

8. The members of the Pance-tattva are different from Lord Krishna, and then again

they are not different from Him. By employing His internal potency, the Lord has

created this condition in which the members of the Panca-tattva are

simultaneously different from Him and not different from Him.

 

9. Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has described the five members of the

Panca-tattva in the following words.

 

10. "I offer my obeisances unto the Supreme Lord Krishna, who is non-different

from His features as a devotee, devotional incarnation, devotional manifestation,

pure devotee, and devotional energy."

 

11. I shall now summarily explain the meaning of these words. In this Panca-

tattva, the bhakta-rupa (form of a devotee) is Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who

formerly appeared as Lord Krishna, the son of Nanda Maharaja. The bhakta-

svarupa (devotional incarnation) is Lord Nityananda, who formerly appeared in

Vrajabhumi as Lord Balarama. The bhaktavatara (devotional manifestation) is

Lord Advaita Acarya, who is not different from Lord Sadasiva. The bhaktakhya

(pure devotee) is Shrinivasa and the other great devotees as well. The bhakta-sakti

(devotional energy) is Gadadhara Pandita, the foremost of brahmanas.

 

12. Lord Chaitanya, Lord Nityananda Avadhuta, and Lord Advaita, are all

incarnations of the supremely exalted Personality of Godhead, and They are all

known by the title Prabhu (Master). Among Them, Lord Chaitanya, who is an

ocean of mercy, is known as Mahaprabhu (The Great Master), and the great

personalities Lord Nityananda and Lord Advaita are known only as Prabhu

(Master). All three are also known as Gosvami (Master of the Senses).

Gadadhara is called by the title Dvija (Brahmana), and Shrinivasa is called by the

title Pandita (Learned Scholar). These are the titles of the members of the Panca-

tattva.

 

13. In this regard Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has explained that the title

Mahaprabhu should be used only for Lord Chaitanya, although the title Prabhu

may be used for Lord Chaitanya, Lord Nityananda, and Lord Advaita. For this

reason the devotees address Lord Chaitanya as Mahaprabhu, and Lord

Nityananda and Lord Advaita as Prabhu.

 

14. All the associates of Lord Chaitanya, Lord Nityananda, and Lord Advaita are

very exalted personalities. The association of Lord Nityananda were all cowherd

boys during Lord Krishna's advent.

 

15. The associates of Lord Chaitanya at Navadvipa are considered the most

exalted.

 

16. The next most exalted are the Lord's associates at Jagannath Puri, and after

them are the great souls who met Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in His journeys to

South India and other places.

 

17. In his description of Lord Chaitanya, Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has

explained that among the exalted associates of the Panca-tattva are devotees that

were formerly cowherd boys who performed pastimes with Lord Krishna.

 

18. Some learned devotees say that Navadvipa is identical with the land of

Vrndavana. Others say that Navadvipa is actually the spiritual planet Goloka.

Some say that Navadvipa is the planet Svetadvipa, and others say that

Navadvipa is actually the spiritual sky of Vaikuntha. All glories to the wonderfully

splendid land of Navadvipa.

 

19. Taking the name Visvambhara, the Supreme Personality of Godhead

accepted residence in the town of Navadvipa. He enjoyed many transcendental

pastimes there with His exalted associates, and those pastimes have drowned the

minds of this universe's residents in great transcendental bliss.

 

20. The same Supreme Personality of Godhead who appeared in Satya-yuga as

the white-complexioned Lord Sukla, the same Supreme Personality of Godhead

who appeared in the Treta-yuga as the red-complexioned Lord Makhamuk, the

same Supreme Personality of Godhead who appeared in the Dvapara-yuga as

the dark-complexioned Lord Syamasundara, has appeared in the Kali-yuga as

the golden moon of Lord Chaitanya, and engaged in the chanting of the holy

names, the incarnation of Lord Hari.

 

21. In the Kali-yuga there are four Vaishnava sampradayas, known as the Shri,

Brahma, Rudra, and Sanaka sampradaya. This is described in the following

statement of the Padma Purana:"In the Kali-yuga four Vaishnava sampradayas, the

Shri, Brahma, Rudra, and Sanaka smapradayas, will purify the earth."

 

 

22. I shall now begin this book by describing the disciplic succesion descended

from Shripada Madhvacarya. Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe became the

disciple of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Narayana. Brahma's

disciple was Narada. Narada's disciple was Vyasa. Vyasa then transmitted

transcendental knowledge to his disciple Sukadeva. Sukadeva taught the same

knowledge to his many disciples and grand-disciples in this world. The famous

Madhvacarya received initiation from Vyasa personally. Madhvacaya carefully

studied all the Vedas from Vyasa, and later wrote his book Mayavada-sata-

dusani, where he proved that the Absolute Truth is the Supreme Person, full of all

transcendental qualities, and not the qualityless impersonal Brahman.

Madhvacarya's disciple was the exalted Padmanabhacarya. Padmanabhacarya's

disciple was Narahari. Narahari's disciple was Madhava Dvija. Madhava Dvija's

disciple was Aksobhya. Aksobhya's disciple was Jayatirtha. Jayatirtha's disciple

was Jnanasindhu. Jnanasindhu's disciple was Mahanidhi. Mahanidhi's disciple

was Vidyanidhi. Vidyanidhi's disciple was Rajendra. Rajendra's disciple was

Jayadharma Muni. Among Jayadharma Muni's disciples was Shriman Vishnupuri,

the famous author of the Bhakti-ratnavali. Another disciple of Jayadharma was

Brahmana Purusottama. Purusottama's disciple was Vyasatirtha, who wrote the

famous book Shri Vishnu-samhita. Vyasatirtha's disciple was Shriman Laksmipati,

who was like a great reservoir of the nectar of devotional service. Laksmipati's

disciple was Madhavendra Puri, a great preacher of devotional service.

Madhavendra Puri was the incarnation of a kalpa-vrksa tree in the abode of

Vraja. This tree bears as its fruits the mellows of servitude to Lord Krishna,

friendship with Lord Krishna, parental love for Lord Krishna, and conjugal love for

Lord Krishna.

 

23. Madhavendra Puri's disciple was Shriman Isvara Puri Svami. Isvara Puri

carefully understood the mellows of conjugal love for Lord Krishna, and was able to

distribute that fruit to others.

 

24. Shri Advaita Acarya displayed the sentiments of servitorship and friendship for

the Lord, and Shriman Ranga Puri manifested the sentiment of parental love for

Lord Krishna.

 

25. Lord Chaitanya accepted Shriman Isvara Puri as His spiritual master. The Lord

proceeded to flood the entire world with spontaneous transcendental love for

Krishna.

 

26. Lord Chaitanya accepted Shrimati Radharani's golden complexion and ecstatic

love for Lord Krishna, both of which had never before been seen in this world. Lord

Chaitanya was actually Lord Krishna, the son of Maharaja Nanda. He appeared like

a great ocean of nectar flooding the entire world.

 

27. When Lord Vasudeva, the first member of the Catur-vyuha, saw the dancing

of the Gandharvas at Dvaraka Puri, His mind became agitated with the desire to

dance as they did. In order to fulfill this desire, Lord Vasudeva entered the

transcendental body of Lord Chaitanya, to participate in the Lord's pastimes of

ecstatic dancing.

 

28. The Supreme Personality of Godhead who remains at Dvaraka also entered

the body of Lord Chaitanya, the son of Saci-devi, and various other incarnations of

the Supreme Lord also entered Lord Chaitanya's body, all of them present there at

the same time.

 

29. All these incarnations entered the body of Lord Chaitanya, just as the black

incarnation Lord Syama formerly entered the transcendental body of Lord Krishna,

the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

30. Although the various incarnations of the Lord, who all manifested

inconceivable transcendental qualities, were situated in various parts of the

spiritual and material worlds, nevertheless, by the power of the Lord's yogamaya

energy, They all assembled together within the transcendental form of Lord

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

31. These inconceivable workings of the yogamaya potency cannot be

understood by the limited conceptual power of the conditioned soul. This is

confirmed by the following statement of Shrila Vyasadeva in the Prabhasa-khanda

of the Mahabharata: "The activities of the Personality of Godhead are

inconceivable. Ordinary material logic does not have the strength to understand

them."

 

32. The various incarnations entered the transcendental body of Lord Chaitanya

just as formerly Lord Parasurama entered the body of Lord Ramacandra. Narada

and other eternal devotees of the Lord also followed Him into this world to

perform pastimes with Him in various places, just as the personified Vedas also

did.

 

33. According to their individual sentiments of ecstatic love for Lord Krishna, the

various eternal devotees of the Lord assumed various roles in the Lord's

pastimes in Vraja.

 

34. Just as the moon of Lord Chaitanya was about to rise in this material world, the

Lord said to Advaita Acarya: "Some devotees are attached to Me in the spirit of

servitude, some are attached to Me in the spirit of friendship, and others are

attached to Me with a mixture of the spirits of servitude and friendship. Some

have firm faith and love for My forms as Shri Shri Radha-Madhava, and others are

attached to My form as the king of Dvaraka. Some are attached to My various

incarnations and thus display various kinds of love for me. I shall show them how

to love Me as the residents of Vraja did."

 

35. The cowherd man named Parjanya who was Krishna's paternal grandfather in

Vrndavana, took birth in the town of Shri Hatta during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes.

Parjanya took the name Upendra Misra and became the father of seven sons.

 

36. The gopi named Variyasi-devi, who was Lord Krishna's paternal grandmother

in Vraja, appeared as Kamalavati-devi during Lord Chaitanya's advent.

 

37. Shrimati Yasoda-devi and Vraja's king Nanda, who had been like two great

oceans of the nectar of love for Krishna during the Lord's pastimes in Vrndavana,

appeared during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Saci-devi and Shriman

Jagannatha Purandara. Of this there is no doubt.

 

38/39. Some devotees say that the two demigods Aditi and Kasyapa, who

incarnated as Kausalya and Dasaratha, Prsni and Sutapa, and also as Devaki

and Vasudeva, the parents of Balarama and Krishna, also entered the bodies of

Saci-devi and Jagannatha. These devotees say that if this were not so, then it

would not have been possible for Balarama to take birth as their son Visvarupa.

 

40. Rohini and Vasudeva, the parents of Balarama and Krishna, appeared during

Lord Chaitanya's advent as the exalted brahmana couple Padmavati and

Mukunda. Sumitra and Dasaratha were also present in the bodies of Padmavati

and Mukunda.

 

41. The same Paurnamasi who greatly pleased Lord Govinda in Vraja appeared

in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrila Govinda Acarya, the expert author of songs

and poetry.

 

42. Ambika, the nurse who fed infant Krishna with her own breast milk in Vraja,

appeared during Lord Caitany's pastimes as Malini-devi, the wife of Shrivasa

Pandita.

 

43. Kilambika-devi, who had been Ambika's sister in Vraja, and who had been

accustomed to eating the remnants of foodstuff eaten by Lord Krishna, appeared

during Lord Caitayna's pastimes as Narayani-devi.

 

44. The same person who was Maharaja Janaka, the king of Mithila, appeared

during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Vallabhacarya. Some people differ from this

view, and say that Vallabhacarya was an incarnation of Maharaja Bhismaka.

 

45. The same person who formerly appeared as Janaki-devi and Rukmini-devi

appeared during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Laksmipriya, the daughter

of Vallabhacarya.

 

46. Vallbhacarya's daughter, Shrimati Laksmipriya, was an incarnation of Shrimati

Laksmi-devi, the goddess of fortune. One day, as she was walking with her

friends towards the bank of the Ganges to bathe, she entered the path of Lord

Chaitanya's vision. In this way the Lord saw Laksmipriya for the first time.

 

47. The same person who formerly appeared as King Satrajit appeared in Lord

Chaitanya's pastimes as Sanatana Misra. Sanatana Misra's daughter was Shrimati

Vishnupriya, and she was the incarnation of the Lord's Bhu-sakti, who is the

mother of the entire universe.

 

48. That Shrimati Vishnupriya is an incarnation of Bhu-devi is described in the Shri

Chaitanya-candrodaya-nataka, where Kali says: "Understanding that Shrimati

Vishnupriya was the incarnation of Bhu-devi, Lord Chaitanya accepted her hand in

marriage."

 

49. The same person who appeared as Visvamitra Muni, who arranged the

marriage of Lord Ramacandra, and who also appeared as the brahmana

messenger sent by Shrimati Rukmini-devi to Lord Kesava, also appeared in Lord

Chaitanya's pastimes as Vanamali Acarya, who was famous as a learned

astrologer.

 

50. The brahmana named Kulaka, whom Maharaja Satrajit sent to Lord Madhava

to arrange the Lord's marriage with Satyabhama, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's

pastimes as Shri Kasinatha.

 

51. The person who appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Jagadananda

Pandita was actually an incarnation of Shrimati Satyabhama-devi. What devotee

can say otherwise?

 

52. The same person who appeared as Sandipani Muni, the sage who gave Lord

Krishna the sacred thread in Mathura, has appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes

as Kesava Bharati.

 

53. The same person who formerly appeared as Vasistha Muni, the spiritual

master of Lord Ramacandra, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as

Gangadasa and Sudarsana.

 

54.The same person who was formerly known as Maharaja Vrsabhanu in the

district of Vraja, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as the great personality

Pundarika Vidyanidhi.

 

55. When He was afflicted by the feelings of Shrimati Radharani's intense love in

separation from Lord Krishna, Lord Chaitanya would address Pundarika Vidyanidhi

using the word "father".

 

56/57. Lord Chaitanya was very pleased with Pundarika Vidyanidhi, and the Lord

would address him by the name Premanidhi. Because Pundarika Vidyanidhi was

a direct disciple of Madhavendra Puri, the Lord would treat him with great

respect, as if he were the Lord's own spiritual master. Maharaja Vrsabhanu also

appeared as Shri Madhava Misra. Ratnavati-devi Pundarika Vidyanidhi's wife, is

considered by the learned devotees to be the incarnation of Kirtida-devi, the wife

of Maharaja Vrsabhanu.

 

58.The original form of the Supreme Lord is considered not different from the

Lord's direct expansions. For this reason it is considered that Lord Chaitanya

Mahaprabhu, the son of Shrimati Saci-devi, is non-different from His expansion

Lord Vasudeva, the first member of the Catur-vyuha. In the same way Shri

Visvarupa is considered non-different from the incarnation Lord Sankarsana, the

second member of the Catur-vyuha.

 

59. Lord Nityananda Avadhuta is also said to be non-different from Lord

Sankarsana. That Shri Visvarupa is identical with Lord Sankarsana is described in

the Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya-nataka, where Kali says to Dharma the following

words:

 

60. "Lord Chaitanya's elder brother Visvarupa is identical with the Personality of

Godhead Lord Sankarsana. Visvarupa never married, but accepted the order of

parivrajakacarya-sannyasa and left home. It was the transcendental glory of Shri

Visvarupa that caused Lord Chaitanya to accept spiritual initiation from Isvara

Puri."

 

61. That Lord Nityananda is also non-differnent from Lord Sankarsana is

described in the following statement of the Shri Chaitanya-candradaya-nataka:

"Lord Nityananda Avadhuta is non-different from Lord Sankarsana."

 

62. When the eternal Personality of Godhead Lord Visvarupa disappeared from

home, He entered the body of Lord Nityananda Avadhuta.

 

63. My father, Sivananda Sena, once said: "Lord Nityananda Avadhuta is actually

the Personality of Godhead Lord Balarama. Always staying among the devotees,

He shines with the splendor of thousands of suns." Saying this, he began to

dance.

 

64. Lord Nityananda incarnates as His plenary expansion Ananta Sesa. As Lord

Sesa He transforms His body to become the garments, bracelets, and other

ornaments worn by Lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna. Expanding again as the pastime-

potency, lila-sakti, Lord Sesa is aware of all the details of Lord Krishna's

confidential pastimes.

 

65. Lord Balarama's two wives, Shrimati Varuni-devi and Shrimati Revati-devi,

appeared during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Vasudha-devi and Shrimati

Jahnavi-devi, the two dear wives of Lord Nityananda, and the daughters of the

great personality Shri Surya-dasa. Their father, Surya-dasa, had previously been

Maharaja Kakudmi. His bodily luster made him as effulgent as the sun.

 

66. Some say that Shrimati Vasudha-devi is the incarnation of Shrimati Ananga-

manjari, and others say that Shrimati Jahnavi-devi is the incarnation of Shrimati

Ananga-manjari. In truth, both opinions are correct. They are both incarnations of

Shrimati Ananga-manjari.

 

67. The expansion of Lord Sankarsana known as Lord Ksirodakasayi Vishnu

appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Viracandra Prabhu. Lord Viracandra

was non-different from Lord Chaitanya Himself.

 

68. Lord Viracandra also entered the bodies of the two brothers Nisatha and

Ulmuka, who in this way were incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Minaketana Rama

dasa and others were also incarnations of Lord Sankarsana in this way.

 

69. The Ganges River, who was born from the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu, appeared

in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Ganga-devi, the daughter of Lord

Nityananda. Her husband, Shri Madhava, had formerly been Maharaja Santanu.

 

70. Lord Pradyumna, the third member of the Catur-vyuha, had formerly appeared

in Vrajabhumi as a close (priya-narma-sakha) friend of Shri Shri Radha-Madhava,

where he helped in Their transcendental pastimes. That same Lord Pradyumna

appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shri Raghunananda Thakura, who was

non-different from both Lord Chaitanya and Lord Advaita.

 

71. Lord Aniruddha, the fourth member of the Catur-vyuha, appeared in Lord

Chaitanya's pastimes as Vakresvara Pandita. Lord Krishna personally entered

Vakresvara's body and caused Him to dance in ecstasy. This ecstatic dancing of

Vakresvara Pandita delightes Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

72. One day Vakresvara Pandita sweelty said to Lord Chaitanya: "O merciful Lord,

please give me a thousand Gandharva singers to sing as I dance."

 

73. A particle of Lord Chaitanya entered the body of Nakula Brahmacari. In this

way Nakula Brahmacari became a saktyavesa incarnation of the Lord.

 

74. In the same way, a particle of Lord Chaitanya also entered the body of

Pradyumna Misra. Bhagavan Acarya Khanja is said to be a partial manifestation

of Lord Gaura.

 

75. Lord Brahma, the master of the universe, who is considered one of the

members of the Navavyuha and who is the original teacher of the Vedas and

Tantras, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shri Gopinatha Acarya.

 

76. Lord Sadasiva, who formerly appeared as an avesa-incarnation in

Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Lord Advaita Gosvami,

who is non-different from Lord Chaitanya Himself.

 

77. Assuming the form of a cowherd boy, Lord Sadasiva danced with Lord Krishna

in Vrajabhumi. This is confirmed by the following statement of the Siva-tantra,

where Bhairava says:

 

78. "One day, during the great festival of lights in the month of Karttika, Lord

Krishna enthusiastically danced with Lord Balarama and Their cowherd friends.

 

79. My dear Parvati, when Lord Sadasiva, my spiritual master, saw this

transcendental dancing, He yearned to become a cowherd boy and be able thus

to dance with Lord Krishna.

 

80. By Lord Krishna's mercy Lord Sadasiva was able to appear in two forms. In one

form He remained as Lord Sadasiva, and in the other form He appeared as a

cowherd boy in Vraja."

 

81. Lord Siva's friend Kuvera, the king of the Guhyakas, appeared in Lord

Chaitanya's pastimes as Kuvera Pandita, the father of Lord Advaita.

 

82. Formerly, on Mount Kailasa, where the Siddhas and Sadhyas reside, Kuvera,

who is very dear to Lord Siva, chanted the transcendental mantra containing the

names of Lord Siva.

 

83. Merciful Lord Siva then said to Kuvera: "Please ask for some benediction. It is

My desire to give you some gift." Kuvera then asked for a benediction, saying, "O

my Lord, please become my son."

 

84. Requested in this way, Lord Sadasiva, the master of the demigods and the

best of philanthropists, said to Kuvera: "During my next birth in the material world

I shall accept the position of being your son."

 

85. In this way Kuvera attained a very difficult to attain benediction. When the

appropriate time arrived, by Lord Sadasiva's mercy, Kuvera became the father of

Lord Advaita Acarya.

 

86. The Supreme Lord's yogamaya potency appeared in Lord Chaitanya's

pastimes as Shri Sita-devi, the wife of Lord Advaita Acarya.

 

87. Lord Advaita's son was Acyutananda, who was very dear to Lord Chaitanya.

Acyutananda was the dear disciple of Shriman Pandita Gosvami. This I have heard

from the devotees.

 

88. Some say that Acyutananda was the incarnation of Karttikeya, and others

learned in transcendental mellows say that he is the incarnation of Acyuta-gopi.

Both views are correct, for both Karttikeya and Acyuta-gopi were present in the

body of Acyutananda. Aside from this, some devotees say that Shri Krishna Misra

was also the incarnation of Karttikeya.

 

89. The devotees Nandini and Jangali who were associates of Lord Chaitanya had

previously been Jaya and Vijaya in Lord Krishna's pastimes.

 

90. Intelligent Shrivasa Pandita had previously been Narada Muni, the best of the

sages. Shrivasa's younger brother, Shriman Rama Pandita, had previously been

Narada's close friend Parvata Muni.

 

91. The devotee named Murari Gupta in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes had previously

been Hanuman. In the same way Shri Purandara had previously been Angadam

and Govindananda had been Sugriva.

 

92. The devotee named Ramacandra Puri in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes had

previously been Vibhisana.

 

93. Lord Chaitanya Himself did not accept that Ramacandra Puri was the

incarnation of Vibhisana, but the Lord himself said that Ramacandra Puri was the

empowered incarnation of Shrimati Radharani's mother-in-law Jatila. This

Ramacandra Puri restricted Lord Chaitanya in His acceptance of alms. Rcika

Muni's son Brahma Mahatapah, and Prahlada Maharaja combined to appear as

Haridasa Thakur in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes.

 

94/95. In the book Chaitanya-carita, Murari Gupta explains that one morning

Mahatapah gave an unwashed tulasi leaf to his father, who became so angry at

him for this that he cursed him. Because of this Mahatapah took birth in a yavana

family as the great devotee Haridasa Thakura.

 

96/97. The eight mystic powers, beginning with anima-siddhi, which had formerly

appeared in Vrndavana, took birth in Bengal during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as

the eight devotees Ananta, Sukhananda, Govinda, Raghunatha, Krishnananda,

Kesava, Damodara, and Raghava. All these devotees bore the title Puri after their

names.

 

98-101. The nine Jayanteyas, who were fixed in celibacy and equal vision, and

who spoke the Shri Bhagavata-samhita to Janaka Rsi, appeared on this earth as

nine sannyasis, and continually performed pastimes with Lord Chaitanya. Their

names were: Shri Nrsimhananda Tirtha, Shri Satyananda Bharati, Shri Nrsimha

Tirtha, Shri Cidananda Tirtha, Shri Jagannatha Tirtha, Shri Vasudeva Tirtha, Shri

Rama Tirtha, Shri Purusottama Tirtha, and Shri Garuda Avadhuta, who was also

known as Shri Gopendra Asrama.

 

102/103 Kuvera's famous nine treasures, which include his conch and lotus, took

birth during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as the nine sons of Nidhiratna-devi. Their

names were Shrinidhi, Shrigarbha, Kaviratna, Sudhanidhi, Vidyanidhi, Gunanidhi,

the learned brahmana Ratnabahu, Shriman Acaryaratna, and Shri Ratnakara

Pandita.

 

104. Before the assembled relatives and friends, Nilambara Cakravarti spoke the

astrological prediction of Lord Chaitanya's future life. For this reason it is said the

Nilambara Cakravarti is the incarnation of Garga Muni.

 

105. Shrimati Saci-devi's father had formerly been the cowherd Sumukha, who

was Yasoda-devi's father. Saci-devi's mother had formerly been Patala-devi, the

wife of Sumukha in Vrajabhumi.

 

106. Lord Chaitanya's associate Shri Devananda Pandita, who was very learned in

the Puranas, had previously been Bhaguri Muni, the chief pandita in the court of

Maharaja Nanda.

 

107. The four learned devotees in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes, named Kasinatha,

Lokanatha, Shrinatha, and Ramanatha, were incarnations of the four Kumaras. Of

this there is no doubt.

 

108. The names of these four devotees each end with the word 'natha', just as the

names of the four Kumaras each end with the word 'kumara'. These four devotees

became known as the 'four Nathas'.

 

109. Vedavyasa appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Vrndavana das

Thakura. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Kusumapida also entered the body of

Vrndavana das Thakura.

 

110. Sukadeva Gosvami, the son of Shrila Vyasadeva, appeared during Lord

Chaitanya's pastimes as the devotee named Vallabha Bhatta.

 

111. Shri Jagannatha Acarya, who was also known as Gangadasa Pandita, was

very dear to Lord Chaitanya. In his previous life he had been Durvasa Muni, who

delighted the gopis and was very dear to them.

 

112. The learned devotees know that Candrasekhara Acarya was an incarnation

of the moon-god and Shriman Uddhava dasa was an empowered incarnation of

the moon-god.

 

113. Lord Chaitanya personally affirmed that Candrasekhara Acarya was an

incarnation of the moon-god, and in the same way the Lord expressly said that

Shriman Visvesvara Acarya was an incarnation of the sun-god.

 

114. Bhaskara Thakura was an incarnation of the demigod Visvakarma. Vanamali

Tahkura was an incarnation of Sudama Brahmana, who was afflicted by great

poverty and obtained great wealth from the Lord.

 

115. Jaya and Vijaya, the two doorkeepers of Vaikunthaloka, voluntarily

appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as the two devotees Shri Jagannatha and

Shri Madhava.

 

116. The two liberated souls Pundarikaksa and Kumuda, who are very famous in

Vaikunthaloka, appeared in Bengal as the two devotees name Govinda and

Garuda, who were both very dear to Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

117. Garuda Pandita was the incarnation of Garuda. Gopinatha Simha was the

incarnation of Akrura. Some say that Kesava Bharati was the incarnation of

Akrura.

 

118. Shri Paramananda Puri had formerly been Uddhava. Maharaja

Prataparudra, who was as powerful as Lord Indra, had formerly been Maharaja

Indradyumna, who began the worship of Lord Jagannatha.

 

119. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya had formerly been Brhaspati, the foremost

scholar in the heavenly planets.

 

120. The cowherd boy Arjuna who was a close friend of the Lord in

Vrndavana, and the Pandava Arjuna, both joined to become Ramananda Raya, who was very dear to Lord Gauranga.

 

121. This exalted personality, Ramanda Raya, for many days described to

Lord Gauranga the true nature of pure love for Shri Shri Radha-Krishna.

 

122-124 Some say that Ramananda Raya is the incarnation of Lalita-gopi,

and others say that because Lord Gauranga directly told Ramananda Raya's

father, Bhavananda Raya, that he was the incarnation of Maharaja Pandu, Arjuna's

 

father, therefore Ramananda Raya must be the incarnation of Pandava

Arjuna. The most learned devotees say that Ramananda Raya is the incarnation of

both the Pandava Arjuna, and a gopi named Arjuniya. This explanation is also

supported by the statements of the Padma Purana, Uttara-khanda. From all

this we may conclude that Ramananda Raya is the incarnation of Lalita-gopi,

Arjuniya-gopi, and Pandava Arjuna.

 

125. Now, as far as I am able, I shall describe the devotees who had

previously appeared with the Lord in His Vraja-pastimes.

 

126. The cowherd boy named Shridama appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes

as Ramadasa Abhirama dasa, who carried a flute made of a bamboo stick with

sixteen knots.

 

127. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Sudama appeared in Lord Gauranga's

pastimes as Sundara Thakura. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Vasudama appeared in

Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Shri Dhananjaya Pandita.

 

128. Lord Krishna's dearest friend Subala appeared in Lord Gauranga's

pastimes as Gauridasa Pandita. The cowherd boy Mahabala appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Kamalakara Pippalai.

 

129. The devotee who had been the cowherd boy Subahu in Vrajabhumi

appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Uddharana Datta. Lord Krishna's

cowherd friend Mahabahu appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Shriman Mahesa

Pandita.

 

130. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Stokakrishna appeared in Lord Gauranga's

pastimes as Shri Purusottama das.

 

131. Dama-gopa, who had been Lord Krishna's cowherd friend in Vraja,

appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Nagara Purusottama. Nagara Purusottama

was born in a family of phyisicians, and his father's name was Sadasiva.

 

132. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Arjuna appeared as Shri Paramesvara dasa

in Lord Gauranga's pastimes. Lavanga, who had been Lord Krishna's cowherd

friend in Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Shri Kalakrishna

dasa.

 

133. The cowherd boy named Kusumasava, who joked with Lord Krishna and

made Him laugh in Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as

the learned brahmana named Kholaveca Shridhara.

 

134. The cowherd boy Prabala, who was a close friend of Lord Balarama in

Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Halayudha Thakura.

 

135. The cowherd boy Varuthapa who was close friend of Lord Krishnacandra

in Vrajabhumi, appeared as Rudra Pandita, who was very dear to Lord

Gauranga.

 

136. The devotee who had been the cowherd boy Gandharva in Vrajabhumi

appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Kumudananda Pandita.

 

137. Bhrngara and Bhangura, who had been Lord Krishna's servants in

Vrndavana, later appeared as Shri Kasisvara and Shri Govinda, the servants

of Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu.

 

138. Raktaka and Patraka, who had been Lord Krishna's servants in

Vrndavana, later appeared as Haridasa and Brhacchisu, two servants of Lord

Gauranga.

 

139. The two cowherdboys Payoda and Varida, who had formerly performed

the nira-samskara ceremnoy for Lord Krishna, later appeared as Ramai and

Nandai, two famous servants of Lord Gauranga.

 

140. Madhukantha and Madhuvrata, who were singers in Vrajabhumi, later

appeared as Mukunda Datta and Vasudeva Datta, two famous singers in Lord

 

Gauranga's kirtana party.

 

141. Candramukha, the famous dancer in Vrndavana, appeared in Lord

Gauranga's pastimes as Makaradhvajakara.

 

(Translated by Shriman Kushakratha dasa prabhu)