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Title: Shri Gaura Ganodesa Dipika - The Great Classic Scripture
User: Damodara Svarupa dasa Date: 2005-03-01 20:06:52
Shri Gaura Ganodesa Dipika - The Great Classic Scripture
Shri Gaura Ganodesa Dipika
by Shrila Kavi Karnapura
1. Dark-complexioned Lord Krishna, whose form is eternal, blissful, and full of
knowledge, formerly danced with the golden-complexioned gopis in the land of
Vrndavana. By intently embracing them He attained a golden complexion like
theirs. In this golden form He has now appeared in the town of Navadvipa.
2. We offer respectful obeisances to Lord Advaita and the other dear associates
of the Lord, who are all full of compassion for the fallen souls. We offer our
respectful obeisances to Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami and the other
companions of the Lord. As the Lord Himself is full of auspicious transcendental
qualities, so are they. As the Lord Himself is full of mercy, so are they. These
great devotees are filled with the sweet nectar of Krishna-consciousness. These
great devotees remove the grave sins of this material world.
3. We offer our respectful obeisances to Shrinatha Cakravarti, our spiritual master,
who is very dear to the all-powerful Personality of Godhead. Our spiritual master
is like a jewel decorating the earth, or like a splendid moon shining in the
brahminical community. Some rare elevated souls in this world are able to
understand and relish his nectarean description of Lord Krishna's confidential
pastimes in Vrndavana.
4. With great devotion, I offer my respectful obeisances to my father, Shri
Sivanandana, who is like a brilliant lamp shining in the Sena family, and who is
counted among the foremost associates of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
5. Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami and other great Vaishnava authors have
written in their books many descriptions of the great associates of Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu, Lord Nityananda, and Lord Advaita. These authors have explained
that the associates of Lord Chaitanya had previously been cowherd people in
Vrndavana during Lord Krishna's advent, and these authors have informed us of
the former names of each of these associates of the Lord. I have carefully
considered all these writings, and I have also heard the testimonies of the
devotees in Bengal, Orissa, and Mathura. Collecting all this evidence, I,
Paramananda dasa, write this book describing the previous life of the associates
of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
6. Just as Lord Krishnacandra, who is non-different from the Panca-tattva, formerly
appeared in this world, so Lord Chaitanya also appeared in this world.
7. The members of the Panca-tattva are non-different from Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu. Had they been different from Him, they would have been known as
"catstayam tattvam (the four truths)".
8. The members of the Pance-tattva are different from Lord Krishna, and then again
they are not different from Him. By employing His internal potency, the Lord has
created this condition in which the members of the Panca-tattva are
simultaneously different from Him and not different from Him.
9. Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has described the five members of the
Panca-tattva in the following words.
10. "I offer my obeisances unto the Supreme Lord Krishna, who is non-different
from His features as a devotee, devotional incarnation, devotional manifestation,
pure devotee, and devotional energy."
11. I shall now summarily explain the meaning of these words. In this Panca-
tattva, the bhakta-rupa (form of a devotee) is Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who
formerly appeared as Lord Krishna, the son of Nanda Maharaja. The bhakta-
svarupa (devotional incarnation) is Lord Nityananda, who formerly appeared in
Vrajabhumi as Lord Balarama. The bhaktavatara (devotional manifestation) is
Lord Advaita Acarya, who is not different from Lord Sadasiva. The bhaktakhya
(pure devotee) is Shrinivasa and the other great devotees as well. The bhakta-sakti
(devotional energy) is Gadadhara Pandita, the foremost of brahmanas.
12. Lord Chaitanya, Lord Nityananda Avadhuta, and Lord Advaita, are all
incarnations of the supremely exalted Personality of Godhead, and They are all
known by the title Prabhu (Master). Among Them, Lord Chaitanya, who is an
ocean of mercy, is known as Mahaprabhu (The Great Master), and the great
personalities Lord Nityananda and Lord Advaita are known only as Prabhu
(Master). All three are also known as Gosvami (Master of the Senses).
Gadadhara is called by the title Dvija (Brahmana), and Shrinivasa is called by the
title Pandita (Learned Scholar). These are the titles of the members of the Panca-
13. In this regard Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has explained that the title
Mahaprabhu should be used only for Lord Chaitanya, although the title Prabhu
may be used for Lord Chaitanya, Lord Nityananda, and Lord Advaita. For this
reason the devotees address Lord Chaitanya as Mahaprabhu, and Lord
Nityananda and Lord Advaita as Prabhu.
14. All the associates of Lord Chaitanya, Lord Nityananda, and Lord Advaita are
very exalted personalities. The association of Lord Nityananda were all cowherd
boys during Lord Krishna's advent.
15. The associates of Lord Chaitanya at Navadvipa are considered the most
16. The next most exalted are the Lord's associates at Jagannath Puri, and after
them are the great souls who met Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in His journeys to
South India and other places.
17. In his description of Lord Chaitanya, Shrila Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has
explained that among the exalted associates of the Panca-tattva are devotees that
were formerly cowherd boys who performed pastimes with Lord Krishna.
18. Some learned devotees say that Navadvipa is identical with the land of
Vrndavana. Others say that Navadvipa is actually the spiritual planet Goloka.
Some say that Navadvipa is the planet Svetadvipa, and others say that
Navadvipa is actually the spiritual sky of Vaikuntha. All glories to the wonderfully
splendid land of Navadvipa.
19. Taking the name Visvambhara, the Supreme Personality of Godhead
accepted residence in the town of Navadvipa. He enjoyed many transcendental
pastimes there with His exalted associates, and those pastimes have drowned the
minds of this universe's residents in great transcendental bliss.
20. The same Supreme Personality of Godhead who appeared in Satya-yuga as
the white-complexioned Lord Sukla, the same Supreme Personality of Godhead
who appeared in the Treta-yuga as the red-complexioned Lord Makhamuk, the
same Supreme Personality of Godhead who appeared in the Dvapara-yuga as
the dark-complexioned Lord Syamasundara, has appeared in the Kali-yuga as
the golden moon of Lord Chaitanya, and engaged in the chanting of the holy
names, the incarnation of Lord Hari.
21. In the Kali-yuga there are four Vaishnava sampradayas, known as the Shri,
Brahma, Rudra, and Sanaka sampradaya. This is described in the following
statement of the Padma Purana:"In the Kali-yuga four Vaishnava sampradayas, the
Shri, Brahma, Rudra, and Sanaka smapradayas, will purify the earth."
22. I shall now begin this book by describing the disciplic succesion descended
from Shripada Madhvacarya. Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe became the
disciple of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Narayana. Brahma's
disciple was Narada. Narada's disciple was Vyasa. Vyasa then transmitted
transcendental knowledge to his disciple Sukadeva. Sukadeva taught the same
knowledge to his many disciples and grand-disciples in this world. The famous
Madhvacarya received initiation from Vyasa personally. Madhvacaya carefully
studied all the Vedas from Vyasa, and later wrote his book Mayavada-sata-
dusani, where he proved that the Absolute Truth is the Supreme Person, full of all
transcendental qualities, and not the qualityless impersonal Brahman.
Madhvacarya's disciple was the exalted Padmanabhacarya. Padmanabhacarya's
disciple was Narahari. Narahari's disciple was Madhava Dvija. Madhava Dvija's
disciple was Aksobhya. Aksobhya's disciple was Jayatirtha. Jayatirtha's disciple
was Jnanasindhu. Jnanasindhu's disciple was Mahanidhi. Mahanidhi's disciple
was Vidyanidhi. Vidyanidhi's disciple was Rajendra. Rajendra's disciple was
Jayadharma Muni. Among Jayadharma Muni's disciples was Shriman Vishnupuri,
the famous author of the Bhakti-ratnavali. Another disciple of Jayadharma was
Brahmana Purusottama. Purusottama's disciple was Vyasatirtha, who wrote the
famous book Shri Vishnu-samhita. Vyasatirtha's disciple was Shriman Laksmipati,
who was like a great reservoir of the nectar of devotional service. Laksmipati's
disciple was Madhavendra Puri, a great preacher of devotional service.
Madhavendra Puri was the incarnation of a kalpa-vrksa tree in the abode of
Vraja. This tree bears as its fruits the mellows of servitude to Lord Krishna,
friendship with Lord Krishna, parental love for Lord Krishna, and conjugal love for
23. Madhavendra Puri's disciple was Shriman Isvara Puri Svami. Isvara Puri
carefully understood the mellows of conjugal love for Lord Krishna, and was able to
distribute that fruit to others.
24. Shri Advaita Acarya displayed the sentiments of servitorship and friendship for
the Lord, and Shriman Ranga Puri manifested the sentiment of parental love for
25. Lord Chaitanya accepted Shriman Isvara Puri as His spiritual master. The Lord
proceeded to flood the entire world with spontaneous transcendental love for
26. Lord Chaitanya accepted Shrimati Radharani's golden complexion and ecstatic
love for Lord Krishna, both of which had never before been seen in this world. Lord
Chaitanya was actually Lord Krishna, the son of Maharaja Nanda. He appeared like
a great ocean of nectar flooding the entire world.
27. When Lord Vasudeva, the first member of the Catur-vyuha, saw the dancing
of the Gandharvas at Dvaraka Puri, His mind became agitated with the desire to
dance as they did. In order to fulfill this desire, Lord Vasudeva entered the
transcendental body of Lord Chaitanya, to participate in the Lord's pastimes of
28. The Supreme Personality of Godhead who remains at Dvaraka also entered
the body of Lord Chaitanya, the son of Saci-devi, and various other incarnations of
the Supreme Lord also entered Lord Chaitanya's body, all of them present there at
the same time.
29. All these incarnations entered the body of Lord Chaitanya, just as the black
incarnation Lord Syama formerly entered the transcendental body of Lord Krishna,
the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
30. Although the various incarnations of the Lord, who all manifested
inconceivable transcendental qualities, were situated in various parts of the
spiritual and material worlds, nevertheless, by the power of the Lord's yogamaya
energy, They all assembled together within the transcendental form of Lord
31. These inconceivable workings of the yogamaya potency cannot be
understood by the limited conceptual power of the conditioned soul. This is
confirmed by the following statement of Shrila Vyasadeva in the Prabhasa-khanda
of the Mahabharata: "The activities of the Personality of Godhead are
inconceivable. Ordinary material logic does not have the strength to understand
32. The various incarnations entered the transcendental body of Lord Chaitanya
just as formerly Lord Parasurama entered the body of Lord Ramacandra. Narada
and other eternal devotees of the Lord also followed Him into this world to
perform pastimes with Him in various places, just as the personified Vedas also
33. According to their individual sentiments of ecstatic love for Lord Krishna, the
various eternal devotees of the Lord assumed various roles in the Lord's
pastimes in Vraja.
34. Just as the moon of Lord Chaitanya was about to rise in this material world, the
Lord said to Advaita Acarya: "Some devotees are attached to Me in the spirit of
servitude, some are attached to Me in the spirit of friendship, and others are
attached to Me with a mixture of the spirits of servitude and friendship. Some
have firm faith and love for My forms as Shri Shri Radha-Madhava, and others are
attached to My form as the king of Dvaraka. Some are attached to My various
incarnations and thus display various kinds of love for me. I shall show them how
to love Me as the residents of Vraja did."
35. The cowherd man named Parjanya who was Krishna's paternal grandfather in
Vrndavana, took birth in the town of Shri Hatta during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes.
Parjanya took the name Upendra Misra and became the father of seven sons.
36. The gopi named Variyasi-devi, who was Lord Krishna's paternal grandmother
in Vraja, appeared as Kamalavati-devi during Lord Chaitanya's advent.
37. Shrimati Yasoda-devi and Vraja's king Nanda, who had been like two great
oceans of the nectar of love for Krishna during the Lord's pastimes in Vrndavana,
appeared during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Saci-devi and Shriman
Jagannatha Purandara. Of this there is no doubt.
38/39. Some devotees say that the two demigods Aditi and Kasyapa, who
incarnated as Kausalya and Dasaratha, Prsni and Sutapa, and also as Devaki
and Vasudeva, the parents of Balarama and Krishna, also entered the bodies of
Saci-devi and Jagannatha. These devotees say that if this were not so, then it
would not have been possible for Balarama to take birth as their son Visvarupa.
40. Rohini and Vasudeva, the parents of Balarama and Krishna, appeared during
Lord Chaitanya's advent as the exalted brahmana couple Padmavati and
Mukunda. Sumitra and Dasaratha were also present in the bodies of Padmavati
41. The same Paurnamasi who greatly pleased Lord Govinda in Vraja appeared
in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrila Govinda Acarya, the expert author of songs
42. Ambika, the nurse who fed infant Krishna with her own breast milk in Vraja,
appeared during Lord Caitany's pastimes as Malini-devi, the wife of Shrivasa
43. Kilambika-devi, who had been Ambika's sister in Vraja, and who had been
accustomed to eating the remnants of foodstuff eaten by Lord Krishna, appeared
during Lord Caitayna's pastimes as Narayani-devi.
44. The same person who was Maharaja Janaka, the king of Mithila, appeared
during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Vallabhacarya. Some people differ from this
view, and say that Vallabhacarya was an incarnation of Maharaja Bhismaka.
45. The same person who formerly appeared as Janaki-devi and Rukmini-devi
appeared during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Laksmipriya, the daughter
46. Vallbhacarya's daughter, Shrimati Laksmipriya, was an incarnation of Shrimati
Laksmi-devi, the goddess of fortune. One day, as she was walking with her
friends towards the bank of the Ganges to bathe, she entered the path of Lord
Chaitanya's vision. In this way the Lord saw Laksmipriya for the first time.
47. The same person who formerly appeared as King Satrajit appeared in Lord
Chaitanya's pastimes as Sanatana Misra. Sanatana Misra's daughter was Shrimati
Vishnupriya, and she was the incarnation of the Lord's Bhu-sakti, who is the
mother of the entire universe.
48. That Shrimati Vishnupriya is an incarnation of Bhu-devi is described in the Shri
Chaitanya-candrodaya-nataka, where Kali says: "Understanding that Shrimati
Vishnupriya was the incarnation of Bhu-devi, Lord Chaitanya accepted her hand in
49. The same person who appeared as Visvamitra Muni, who arranged the
marriage of Lord Ramacandra, and who also appeared as the brahmana
messenger sent by Shrimati Rukmini-devi to Lord Kesava, also appeared in Lord
Chaitanya's pastimes as Vanamali Acarya, who was famous as a learned
50. The brahmana named Kulaka, whom Maharaja Satrajit sent to Lord Madhava
to arrange the Lord's marriage with Satyabhama, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's
pastimes as Shri Kasinatha.
51. The person who appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Jagadananda
Pandita was actually an incarnation of Shrimati Satyabhama-devi. What devotee
can say otherwise?
52. The same person who appeared as Sandipani Muni, the sage who gave Lord
Krishna the sacred thread in Mathura, has appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes
as Kesava Bharati.
53. The same person who formerly appeared as Vasistha Muni, the spiritual
master of Lord Ramacandra, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as
Gangadasa and Sudarsana.
54.The same person who was formerly known as Maharaja Vrsabhanu in the
district of Vraja, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as the great personality
55. When He was afflicted by the feelings of Shrimati Radharani's intense love in
separation from Lord Krishna, Lord Chaitanya would address Pundarika Vidyanidhi
using the word "father".
56/57. Lord Chaitanya was very pleased with Pundarika Vidyanidhi, and the Lord
would address him by the name Premanidhi. Because Pundarika Vidyanidhi was
a direct disciple of Madhavendra Puri, the Lord would treat him with great
respect, as if he were the Lord's own spiritual master. Maharaja Vrsabhanu also
appeared as Shri Madhava Misra. Ratnavati-devi Pundarika Vidyanidhi's wife, is
considered by the learned devotees to be the incarnation of Kirtida-devi, the wife
of Maharaja Vrsabhanu.
58.The original form of the Supreme Lord is considered not different from the
Lord's direct expansions. For this reason it is considered that Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu, the son of Shrimati Saci-devi, is non-different from His expansion
Lord Vasudeva, the first member of the Catur-vyuha. In the same way Shri
Visvarupa is considered non-different from the incarnation Lord Sankarsana, the
second member of the Catur-vyuha.
59. Lord Nityananda Avadhuta is also said to be non-different from Lord
Sankarsana. That Shri Visvarupa is identical with Lord Sankarsana is described in
the Shri Chaitanya-candrodaya-nataka, where Kali says to Dharma the following
60. "Lord Chaitanya's elder brother Visvarupa is identical with the Personality of
Godhead Lord Sankarsana. Visvarupa never married, but accepted the order of
parivrajakacarya-sannyasa and left home. It was the transcendental glory of Shri
Visvarupa that caused Lord Chaitanya to accept spiritual initiation from Isvara
61. That Lord Nityananda is also non-differnent from Lord Sankarsana is
described in the following statement of the Shri Chaitanya-candradaya-nataka:
"Lord Nityananda Avadhuta is non-different from Lord Sankarsana."
62. When the eternal Personality of Godhead Lord Visvarupa disappeared from
home, He entered the body of Lord Nityananda Avadhuta.
63. My father, Sivananda Sena, once said: "Lord Nityananda Avadhuta is actually
the Personality of Godhead Lord Balarama. Always staying among the devotees,
He shines with the splendor of thousands of suns." Saying this, he began to
64. Lord Nityananda incarnates as His plenary expansion Ananta Sesa. As Lord
Sesa He transforms His body to become the garments, bracelets, and other
ornaments worn by Lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna. Expanding again as the pastime-
potency, lila-sakti, Lord Sesa is aware of all the details of Lord Krishna's
65. Lord Balarama's two wives, Shrimati Varuni-devi and Shrimati Revati-devi,
appeared during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Vasudha-devi and Shrimati
Jahnavi-devi, the two dear wives of Lord Nityananda, and the daughters of the
great personality Shri Surya-dasa. Their father, Surya-dasa, had previously been
Maharaja Kakudmi. His bodily luster made him as effulgent as the sun.
66. Some say that Shrimati Vasudha-devi is the incarnation of Shrimati Ananga-
manjari, and others say that Shrimati Jahnavi-devi is the incarnation of Shrimati
Ananga-manjari. In truth, both opinions are correct. They are both incarnations of
67. The expansion of Lord Sankarsana known as Lord Ksirodakasayi Vishnu
appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Viracandra Prabhu. Lord Viracandra
was non-different from Lord Chaitanya Himself.
68. Lord Viracandra also entered the bodies of the two brothers Nisatha and
Ulmuka, who in this way were incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Minaketana Rama
dasa and others were also incarnations of Lord Sankarsana in this way.
69. The Ganges River, who was born from the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu, appeared
in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shrimati Ganga-devi, the daughter of Lord
Nityananda. Her husband, Shri Madhava, had formerly been Maharaja Santanu.
70. Lord Pradyumna, the third member of the Catur-vyuha, had formerly appeared
in Vrajabhumi as a close (priya-narma-sakha) friend of Shri Shri Radha-Madhava,
where he helped in Their transcendental pastimes. That same Lord Pradyumna
appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shri Raghunananda Thakura, who was
non-different from both Lord Chaitanya and Lord Advaita.
71. Lord Aniruddha, the fourth member of the Catur-vyuha, appeared in Lord
Chaitanya's pastimes as Vakresvara Pandita. Lord Krishna personally entered
Vakresvara's body and caused Him to dance in ecstasy. This ecstatic dancing of
Vakresvara Pandita delightes Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
72. One day Vakresvara Pandita sweelty said to Lord Chaitanya: "O merciful Lord,
please give me a thousand Gandharva singers to sing as I dance."
73. A particle of Lord Chaitanya entered the body of Nakula Brahmacari. In this
way Nakula Brahmacari became a saktyavesa incarnation of the Lord.
74. In the same way, a particle of Lord Chaitanya also entered the body of
Pradyumna Misra. Bhagavan Acarya Khanja is said to be a partial manifestation
of Lord Gaura.
75. Lord Brahma, the master of the universe, who is considered one of the
members of the Navavyuha and who is the original teacher of the Vedas and
Tantras, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Shri Gopinatha Acarya.
76. Lord Sadasiva, who formerly appeared as an avesa-incarnation in
Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Lord Advaita Gosvami,
who is non-different from Lord Chaitanya Himself.
77. Assuming the form of a cowherd boy, Lord Sadasiva danced with Lord Krishna
in Vrajabhumi. This is confirmed by the following statement of the Siva-tantra,
where Bhairava says:
78. "One day, during the great festival of lights in the month of Karttika, Lord
Krishna enthusiastically danced with Lord Balarama and Their cowherd friends.
79. My dear Parvati, when Lord Sadasiva, my spiritual master, saw this
transcendental dancing, He yearned to become a cowherd boy and be able thus
to dance with Lord Krishna.
80. By Lord Krishna's mercy Lord Sadasiva was able to appear in two forms. In one
form He remained as Lord Sadasiva, and in the other form He appeared as a
cowherd boy in Vraja."
81. Lord Siva's friend Kuvera, the king of the Guhyakas, appeared in Lord
Chaitanya's pastimes as Kuvera Pandita, the father of Lord Advaita.
82. Formerly, on Mount Kailasa, where the Siddhas and Sadhyas reside, Kuvera,
who is very dear to Lord Siva, chanted the transcendental mantra containing the
names of Lord Siva.
83. Merciful Lord Siva then said to Kuvera: "Please ask for some benediction. It is
My desire to give you some gift." Kuvera then asked for a benediction, saying, "O
my Lord, please become my son."
84. Requested in this way, Lord Sadasiva, the master of the demigods and the
best of philanthropists, said to Kuvera: "During my next birth in the material world
I shall accept the position of being your son."
85. In this way Kuvera attained a very difficult to attain benediction. When the
appropriate time arrived, by Lord Sadasiva's mercy, Kuvera became the father of
Lord Advaita Acarya.
86. The Supreme Lord's yogamaya potency appeared in Lord Chaitanya's
pastimes as Shri Sita-devi, the wife of Lord Advaita Acarya.
87. Lord Advaita's son was Acyutananda, who was very dear to Lord Chaitanya.
Acyutananda was the dear disciple of Shriman Pandita Gosvami. This I have heard
from the devotees.
88. Some say that Acyutananda was the incarnation of Karttikeya, and others
learned in transcendental mellows say that he is the incarnation of Acyuta-gopi.
Both views are correct, for both Karttikeya and Acyuta-gopi were present in the
body of Acyutananda. Aside from this, some devotees say that Shri Krishna Misra
was also the incarnation of Karttikeya.
89. The devotees Nandini and Jangali who were associates of Lord Chaitanya had
previously been Jaya and Vijaya in Lord Krishna's pastimes.
90. Intelligent Shrivasa Pandita had previously been Narada Muni, the best of the
sages. Shrivasa's younger brother, Shriman Rama Pandita, had previously been
Narada's close friend Parvata Muni.
91. The devotee named Murari Gupta in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes had previously
been Hanuman. In the same way Shri Purandara had previously been Angadam
and Govindananda had been Sugriva.
92. The devotee named Ramacandra Puri in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes had
previously been Vibhisana.
93. Lord Chaitanya Himself did not accept that Ramacandra Puri was the
incarnation of Vibhisana, but the Lord himself said that Ramacandra Puri was the
empowered incarnation of Shrimati Radharani's mother-in-law Jatila. This
Ramacandra Puri restricted Lord Chaitanya in His acceptance of alms. Rcika
Muni's son Brahma Mahatapah, and Prahlada Maharaja combined to appear as
Haridasa Thakur in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes.
94/95. In the book Chaitanya-carita, Murari Gupta explains that one morning
Mahatapah gave an unwashed tulasi leaf to his father, who became so angry at
him for this that he cursed him. Because of this Mahatapah took birth in a yavana
family as the great devotee Haridasa Thakura.
96/97. The eight mystic powers, beginning with anima-siddhi, which had formerly
appeared in Vrndavana, took birth in Bengal during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as
the eight devotees Ananta, Sukhananda, Govinda, Raghunatha, Krishnananda,
Kesava, Damodara, and Raghava. All these devotees bore the title Puri after their
98-101. The nine Jayanteyas, who were fixed in celibacy and equal vision, and
who spoke the Shri Bhagavata-samhita to Janaka Rsi, appeared on this earth as
nine sannyasis, and continually performed pastimes with Lord Chaitanya. Their
names were: Shri Nrsimhananda Tirtha, Shri Satyananda Bharati, Shri Nrsimha
Tirtha, Shri Cidananda Tirtha, Shri Jagannatha Tirtha, Shri Vasudeva Tirtha, Shri
Rama Tirtha, Shri Purusottama Tirtha, and Shri Garuda Avadhuta, who was also
known as Shri Gopendra Asrama.
102/103 Kuvera's famous nine treasures, which include his conch and lotus, took
birth during Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as the nine sons of Nidhiratna-devi. Their
names were Shrinidhi, Shrigarbha, Kaviratna, Sudhanidhi, Vidyanidhi, Gunanidhi,
the learned brahmana Ratnabahu, Shriman Acaryaratna, and Shri Ratnakara
104. Before the assembled relatives and friends, Nilambara Cakravarti spoke the
astrological prediction of Lord Chaitanya's future life. For this reason it is said the
Nilambara Cakravarti is the incarnation of Garga Muni.
105. Shrimati Saci-devi's father had formerly been the cowherd Sumukha, who
was Yasoda-devi's father. Saci-devi's mother had formerly been Patala-devi, the
wife of Sumukha in Vrajabhumi.
106. Lord Chaitanya's associate Shri Devananda Pandita, who was very learned in
the Puranas, had previously been Bhaguri Muni, the chief pandita in the court of
107. The four learned devotees in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes, named Kasinatha,
Lokanatha, Shrinatha, and Ramanatha, were incarnations of the four Kumaras. Of
this there is no doubt.
108. The names of these four devotees each end with the word 'natha', just as the
names of the four Kumaras each end with the word 'kumara'. These four devotees
became known as the 'four Nathas'.
109. Vedavyasa appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as Vrndavana das
Thakura. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Kusumapida also entered the body of
Vrndavana das Thakura.
110. Sukadeva Gosvami, the son of Shrila Vyasadeva, appeared during Lord
Chaitanya's pastimes as the devotee named Vallabha Bhatta.
111. Shri Jagannatha Acarya, who was also known as Gangadasa Pandita, was
very dear to Lord Chaitanya. In his previous life he had been Durvasa Muni, who
delighted the gopis and was very dear to them.
112. The learned devotees know that Candrasekhara Acarya was an incarnation
of the moon-god and Shriman Uddhava dasa was an empowered incarnation of
113. Lord Chaitanya personally affirmed that Candrasekhara Acarya was an
incarnation of the moon-god, and in the same way the Lord expressly said that
Shriman Visvesvara Acarya was an incarnation of the sun-god.
114. Bhaskara Thakura was an incarnation of the demigod Visvakarma. Vanamali
Tahkura was an incarnation of Sudama Brahmana, who was afflicted by great
poverty and obtained great wealth from the Lord.
115. Jaya and Vijaya, the two doorkeepers of Vaikunthaloka, voluntarily
appeared in Lord Chaitanya's pastimes as the two devotees Shri Jagannatha and
116. The two liberated souls Pundarikaksa and Kumuda, who are very famous in
Vaikunthaloka, appeared in Bengal as the two devotees name Govinda and
Garuda, who were both very dear to Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
117. Garuda Pandita was the incarnation of Garuda. Gopinatha Simha was the
incarnation of Akrura. Some say that Kesava Bharati was the incarnation of
118. Shri Paramananda Puri had formerly been Uddhava. Maharaja
Prataparudra, who was as powerful as Lord Indra, had formerly been Maharaja
Indradyumna, who began the worship of Lord Jagannatha.
119. Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya had formerly been Brhaspati, the foremost
scholar in the heavenly planets.
120. The cowherd boy Arjuna who was a close friend of the Lord in
Vrndavana, and the Pandava Arjuna, both joined to become Ramananda Raya, who was very dear to Lord Gauranga.
121. This exalted personality, Ramanda Raya, for many days described to
Lord Gauranga the true nature of pure love for Shri Shri Radha-Krishna.
122-124 Some say that Ramananda Raya is the incarnation of Lalita-gopi,
and others say that because Lord Gauranga directly told Ramananda Raya's
father, Bhavananda Raya, that he was the incarnation of Maharaja Pandu, Arjuna's
father, therefore Ramananda Raya must be the incarnation of Pandava
Arjuna. The most learned devotees say that Ramananda Raya is the incarnation of
both the Pandava Arjuna, and a gopi named Arjuniya. This explanation is also
supported by the statements of the Padma Purana, Uttara-khanda. From all
this we may conclude that Ramananda Raya is the incarnation of Lalita-gopi,
Arjuniya-gopi, and Pandava Arjuna.
125. Now, as far as I am able, I shall describe the devotees who had
previously appeared with the Lord in His Vraja-pastimes.
126. The cowherd boy named Shridama appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes
as Ramadasa Abhirama dasa, who carried a flute made of a bamboo stick with
127. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Sudama appeared in Lord Gauranga's
pastimes as Sundara Thakura. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Vasudama appeared in
Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Shri Dhananjaya Pandita.
128. Lord Krishna's dearest friend Subala appeared in Lord Gauranga's
pastimes as Gauridasa Pandita. The cowherd boy Mahabala appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Kamalakara Pippalai.
129. The devotee who had been the cowherd boy Subahu in Vrajabhumi
appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Uddharana Datta. Lord Krishna's
cowherd friend Mahabahu appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Shriman Mahesa
130. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Stokakrishna appeared in Lord Gauranga's
pastimes as Shri Purusottama das.
131. Dama-gopa, who had been Lord Krishna's cowherd friend in Vraja,
appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Nagara Purusottama. Nagara Purusottama
was born in a family of phyisicians, and his father's name was Sadasiva.
132. Lord Krishna's cowherd friend Arjuna appeared as Shri Paramesvara dasa
in Lord Gauranga's pastimes. Lavanga, who had been Lord Krishna's cowherd
friend in Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Shri Kalakrishna
133. The cowherd boy named Kusumasava, who joked with Lord Krishna and
made Him laugh in Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as
the learned brahmana named Kholaveca Shridhara.
134. The cowherd boy Prabala, who was a close friend of Lord Balarama in
Vrajabhumi, appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Halayudha Thakura.
135. The cowherd boy Varuthapa who was close friend of Lord Krishnacandra
in Vrajabhumi, appeared as Rudra Pandita, who was very dear to Lord
136. The devotee who had been the cowherd boy Gandharva in Vrajabhumi
appeared in Lord Gauranga's pastimes as Kumudananda Pandita.
137. Bhrngara and Bhangura, who had been Lord Krishna's servants in
Vrndavana, later appeared as Shri Kasisvara and Shri Govinda, the servants
of Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu.
138. Raktaka and Patraka, who had been Lord Krishna's servants in
Vrndavana, later appeared as Haridasa and Brhacchisu, two servants of Lord
139. The two cowherdboys Payoda and Varida, who had formerly performed
the nira-samskara ceremnoy for Lord Krishna, later appeared as Ramai and
Nandai, two famous servants of Lord Gauranga.
140. Madhukantha and Madhuvrata, who were singers in Vrajabhumi, later
appeared as Mukunda Datta and Vasudeva Datta, two famous singers in Lord
Gauranga's kirtana party.
141. Candramukha, the famous dancer in Vrndavana, appeared in Lord
Gauranga's pastimes as Makaradhvajakara.
(Translated by Shriman Kushakratha dasa prabhu)