Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > NITAAI Forum Archives > Books By Swami Gaurangapada > Nityananda Gauranga Naam > 012 Lords Nityananda Gauranga in the Vedas > A. Shrutis about Nityananda Gauranga > 008 Chaitanya Upanishad

Title: 008 Chaitanya Upanishad

User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-06-25 14:06:51


 atharva-veda- shri-caitanyopanishadi


The most important Shri Chaitanya Upanishad-Atharva Veda comprises of the following  19 verses:




(i) atha pippaladah samit-panir bhagavantam brahmanam upasanno. bhagavan me subham kim atra cakshasveti.


Carrying firewood in his hands, Pippalada humbly approached his supremely powerful father, Lord Brahma, and asked: “O my Lord, please instruct me on how I may attain an auspicious life.”


(ii) sa hovaca.

bhuya eva tapasa brahmacaryena sasvad ramasva mano vaseti.


Lord Brahma replied: “Be satisfied by always remaining celibate and performing austerities and very carefully control the activities of the mind.”


(iii) sa tatha bhutva  bhuya enam upasadyaha.

bhagavan kalau papac channah prajah katham mucyerann iti.


Pippalada followed these instructions, and after having become pure in his own heart and mind, he again approached his father and asked: “O my Lord, please tell me how the living entities in Kali-yuga, who are completely covered by sin, may be delivered.”


(iv) ko va devata ko va mantro bruhiti.


“Which form of the Lord should be the object of their worship, and what mantra should they chant in order to become delivered? Kindly inform me.”


(v) sa hovaca rahasyam te vadishyami.

jahnavi-tire navadvipe golokakhye dhamni govindo dvi-bhujo gaurah sarvatma maha-purusho mahatma maha-yogi tri-gunatitah sattva-rupo bhaktim loke kasyatiti. tad ete sloka bhavanti.


Lord Brahma replied: “Listen carefully, for I shall give you a very confidential description of what will happen in the Kali-yuga. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Govinda who is the all-pervading Supersoul residing in the hearts of all living entities, who is the Supreme Absolute Truth, the master of all mystics and the supreme enjoyer, who is beyond the touch of the three modes of material nature and whose form is transcendental, will appear again in the Kali age. Appearing as His own greatest devotee, the Lord will assume a two-armed form with a golden complexion in His abode of Goloka Vrindavana manifested on the bank of the Ganges at Navadvipa, West Bengal. He will disseminate pure devotional service in the whole world. I will now describe this incarnation of the Lord in the following verses.”


(vi) eko devah sarva-rupi mahatma

gauro rakta-syamalah-sveta-rupah

chaitanyatma sa vai chaitanya-saktir

bhaktakaro bhakti-do bhakti-vedyah


“The one Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appears in innumerable transcendental forms, is the master of all transcendental potencies. That same Lord who previously appeared with white, red, and black complexions, will appear as Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Kali-yuga in a golden form. He will assume the role of a perfect devotee and He will freely distribute pure devotional service to the conditioned souls. But He will be known only by those who are surrendered to Him.”


(vii) namo vedanta-vedyaya,  krishnaya paramatmane;

sarva-chaitanya-rupaya, chaitanyaya namo namah.       


“I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Shri Krishna, the all-pervading Supersoul residing in the hearts of all living entities, who is understood by the study of Vedanta philosophy. He appears as Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the supremely conscious person.”


(viii) vedanta-vedyam purusham puranam

chaitanyatmanam visva-yonim mahantam

tam eva viditvati-mrityum eti

nanyah pantha vidyate ’yanaya        


“One who understands that Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is known by the study of Vedanta philosophy, who is the original cause of unlimited universes, and who is the oldest, the original person, crosses beyond this world of birth and death. This is the proper understanding about Lord Chaitanya, and aside from this there is no other way for one to achieve liberation.”


(ix) sva-nama-mula-mantrena, sarvam hladayati vibhuh.      


“Appearing in this golden form, the unlimited and all-powerful Supreme Lord will fill the entire universe with transcendental bliss by the congregational chanting of the maha-mantra which consists of His own holy names.”


(x) dve sakti parame tasya, hladini samvid eva ca iti.        


“In this way the Supreme Lord will manifest two of His transcendental potencies-His hladini-sakti (the potency of transcendental bliss) and samvit-sakti (the potency of transcendental knowledge).”


(xi) sa eva mula-mantram japati, harir iti krishna iti rama iti.        


“The Supreme Lord will chant a mantra consisting of His own names Hari, Krishna, and Rama (the maha-mantra: Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare).


(xii) harati hridaya-granthim vasana-rupam iti harih.

krishih smarane tac ca nas  tad-ubhaya-melanam iti krishnah.

ramayati sarvam iti rama ananda-rupah. atra sloko bhavati.        


“These three seed names of the maha-mantra of the Supreme Lord (Hari, Krishna, and Rama) may be explained in the following way: {1} ‘Hari’ means He who removes (harati) the knot of material desire in the hearts of the living entities;  {2} ‘Krishna’ is composed of the two syllables ‘krish’ and ‘na’. ‘Krish’ means He who attracts the minds of all living entities, and ‘na’ means the supreme transcendental pleasure; and {3} ‘Rama’ means He who is the personification of all transcendental bliss.


(xiii) mantro guhyah paramo bhakti-vedyah.        


“The maha-mantra is the topmost and most confidential of all mantras. It can only be understood when one engages in the pure devotional service of the Supreme Lord.”


(xiv) namany ashtav-ashta ca sobhanani,  tani nityam ye japanti dhiras. te vai mayam atitaranti, nanyah paramam-mantram parama-rahasyam nityam avartayati.              


“Those who seriously desire to make progress in spiritual life should continually chant these sixteen beautiful names (maha-mantra) of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and in this way they will cross beyond the bondage of the illusory enery in this material world. There is no other mantra which is as powerful as this supremely great and most confidential of all mantras, which has directly descended from the spiritual world.”


(xv) chaitanya eva sankarshano vasudevah, parameshthi rudrah sarko brihaspatih sarve devah sarvani bhutani, sthavarani carani ca, yat kincit sad-asat-karanam sarvam. tad atra slokah.               


“Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead who appears as Lord Sankarshana and Lord Vasudeva. He is the original father of Lord Brahma, Siva, Indra, Brihaspati, all the demigods, and all moving and non-moving living entities. He is the original cause of all that is temporary and all that is eternal. Nothing exists separately from Him, and therefore He is everything. He is furthur described in the following verses.”


(xvi) yat kincid asad bhunkte,  ksharam tat karyam ucyate.              


“The material world (kshara) which the living entities (souls) try to enjoy, is the illusory and temporary manifested effect.”


(xvii) sat karanam param jivas, tad aksharam itiritam.              


“The living entities (akshara) are eternal infinitesimal parts of the Lord and thus transcendental to this material world.”


(xviii) ksharaksharabhyam paramah,  sa eva purushottamah;

chaitanyakhyam param tattvam,  sarva-karana-karanam.               


“The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, however, is superior to both the temporary material energy (effect) and the eternal living entities (cause). He is the Supreme Person, the Absolute Truth and the original cause of all causes. He is thus the cause of both the living entities and the material world.”


(xix) ya enam rasayati bhajati dhyayati, sa papmanam tarati, sa puto bhavati, sa tattvam janati, sa tarati sokam, gatis tasyaste nanyasyeti.


“One who cultivates a relationship with the Supreme Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and in this way always worships and remembers Him with devotion becomes free from all sins and completely pure. Easily understanding the truth about the Lord and becoming free from all material lamentation, such a devotee attains the supreme goal of life, which is unattainable by those averse to Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.”