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Title: 001 Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita
User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-06-18 04:42:46
The four-syllable Gauranga-mantra or the Gaura-gopala mantra is described as follows in Shri Chaitanya-charitamrita, Antya-lila 2.24,31:
apane bolana more, iha yadi jani; amara ista-mantra jani' kahena apani.
'gaura-gopala mantra' tomara cari aksara; avisvasa chada, yei kariyacha antara"
Nakula Brahmacari told Sivananda Sena, "You are chanting the Gaura-gopala mantra, composed of four syllables (which is your ista-mantra i.e. worshippable mantra). Now please give up the doubts that have resided within you."
Purport by Shrila Prabhupada:
Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura explains the Gaura-gopala mantra in his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya. Worshipers of Shri Gaurasundara accept the four syllables 'gau-ra-an-ga' as the Gaura mantra, but pure worshipers of Radha and Krishna accept the four syllables ra-dha krs-na as the Gaura-gopala mantra. However, Vaishnavas consider Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu nondifferent from Radha-Krishna (shri-krishna-chaitanya radha-krishna nahe anya). Therefore one who chants the mantra "gauranga" and one who chants the names of Radha and Krishna are on the same level.
Purport by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura in his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya:
gaura-gopala-mantra-gauravadi gana 'gauranga'-name chatura-aksara gaura-mantra ke uddesya karena; kevala
krishnavadi gana ei 'gaura-gopala-mantra' sabde radha-krsnera chatura-aksara-mantrake uddesya karena.
"The following is the explanation of the Gaura-gopala mantra. The followers of Lord Gaura accept 'Gauranga' as the four-syllable mantra and the followers of only Krishna accept 'Radha-Krishna' as the Gaura-gopala mantra. The followers of both Lord Gaura and Lord Krishna accept either one of them as the Gaura-gopala mantra understanding that They
are non-different from each other."
Purport by Bhaktiratna Sadhu Swami:
So it is very clear that the most intimate devotees of the Lord like Shrila Shivananda Sena were constantly chanting the four-syllable 'gau-ra-an-ga' Mantra which is non-different than the four syllables of 'ra-dha-krs-na'.
Thus the constant chanting of the name or mantra of 'Gauranga' is authorized in the revealed scriptures and implemented by the previous acharyas. The great advantage is that the ultimate benefit of 'radha-krishna' or the Hare Krishna maha-mantra can be realized by siddha and mukta souls whereas the 'Gauranga' mantra is the most prayojaniya (useful) for anartha-yukta, badha, patita (fallen conditoned) souls according to Shrila Prabhupada's purport and also the Anubhashya purport of Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta to Cc Adi 8.31 which will follow in the next messages on this subject. (Purport ends)