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Title: 025 Shrila Shukadeva Goswami constantly chants Gauranga mantra in Navadvipa
User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-06-13 20:13:48
Gaura Parshada Vara Shrila Jagadananda Pandita describes in Prema Vivarta:
"One day, while I was totally absorbed in playing, My Lord Gauranga entered the deep forest in the bank of the river Alakananda Ganga. Shrila Gadadhara Pandita and I quickly got up and followed behind Him. A splendid parrot perched on a fragrant Bakula tree observed our movements. The parrot was none other than Shrila Shukadeva Goswami, the son of Shrila Vyasadeva who also intensely desires to reside in Navadvipa.
Lord Gauranga saw the parrot, catching hold of him He said, "You are Vyasadeva's son, so you should sing the glories of Shri Shri Radha Krishna and increase our bliss." The parrot ignoring the Lord's words began to chant-Gaurahari! Gauranga! The Lord feigning anger hurled the parrot away.
But the parrot continued to chant Gauranga Gauranga..! and then started to dance and sing. We immediately felt the stirrings of divine love by hearing Shuka's chanting of Gauranga's Name. Lord Gaurang aagain said, "O Shuka, this is Vrindavana! Chant and sing loudly the Divine Names of Radha-Krishna so that everyone can hear."
The parrot Shuka rejoindered: "Vrindavana has now transformed into Navadvipa and I see Radha-Krishna in the form of Gauranga.
ami suka ei vane gauranga-nama gai, tumi mora krishna radha ei gadai
Shri Shukadeva Goswami in the form of the parrot told Lord Gauranga, "I am Shukadeva and I will only chant and sing Your Name in the forest of Navadvipa. Because You are Krishna Himself and this Gadadhara who is with You is Shrimati Radharani Herself."
"Since Gadai-Gauranga are my the masters of my soul that is why I will not be able to chant any other Name." Lord Gauranga (even though He was internally very pleased but since He was taking the role of a devotee in this parakata Lila) said, "I am the worshiper of Radha-Krishna so by hearing any other Name I feel lamentation." In this way while holding Gadadhara by the hand Lord Gauranga returned back to Mayapura.
Shrila Shukadeva Goswami kept on saying to the Lord and shouting, "You can chant and sing whatever You like but my eternal bhajana will be the constant chanting of Your name of Gauranga. I do not know anything else"
Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:
Sometimes some neophyte devotees with a lack of proper understanding state that Lord Gauranga will become angry and displeased if His Name is chanted as He came in the role of the devotee. But if this were the case the Lord would have instructed everyone to chant His Name and worship Him in Kali Yuga and accepted the prayers and worship of all His exalted devotees during the Mahaprakasha Lila in Shivasa Angana as described in Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata. He would not have shown His 4, 6, 8-handed and universal form to various devotees which He showed both in Navadvipa and in Jagannatha Puri. He would not have predicted that His own Name (mora nama) of Gauranga, Nityananda etc will spread in every town, village, city and country of this world and the acharyas and scriptures would have strictly prohibuted us from chanting the Names of Nityananda, Gauranga etc. if it is really against the Lord of the Lord and so on. But we see that all the scriptures are forcefully advocating us to chant the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas.
In this pastime we see that Shrila Shukadeva Goswami knows that Lord Gauranga is internally extremely pleased with the chanting of His own Name which is non-different from the Name of Radha-Krishna. So he is continuing to chant even though the Lord Himself told him to stop. When He comes into this material world in His prakata lila Lord Gauranga predominantly takes the role of His own devotee. So He himself does not directly advocate the chanting of His own Names in many places as He cannot do that in the role of a devotee. But His great devotees like Lord Nityananda, Lord Advaita Acharya, Shrila Shukadeva Goswami and All Acharyas instruct all living entities to chant the Holy Name of Gauranga because they are not bound by any rules of the Lord Himself to act as a devotee. And They really want to give the greatest mercy to the conditioned souls by teaching them the name of Gauranga. That is why is some ways these associates of the Lord are considered more merciful than Lord Gauranga Himself. Jaya Gauranga Bhakta Vrinda!!!
Lord Gauranga also became externally angry when Lord Nityananda preached the Holy Name of Gauranga to the people of Bengal instead of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra which He was instructed to do also when Shrila Advaita Acharya decided to chant only the Name of Gauranga one day along with all the devotees.
But the great devotees knew that the Lord was internally very pleased by the chanting of His Name and thus they continued unhindered even against the instruction of the Lord. So they did not actually displease the Lord in doing so but they were pleasing Him very very much internally. And thus they increased their intensity of chanting and preaching the Names of Nityananda and Gauranga. (Commentary ends)
Without Gauranga Bhajana, the Bhajana of Radha-Krishna is useless:
gaura nama, gaura dhama, gauranga carita, ye bhaje tahate mora akaitava prita
Shrila Jagadananda Pandita continues: "I have non-duplicitous, unreserved and spontaneous attraction towards those who worship Lord Gauranga by chanting His Name, residing in His abode of Navadvipa and hearing His pastimes."
gaura rupa gaura nama gaura lila gaura dhama
je na bhaje gaudete janmiya
radhakrishna nama rupa dhama lila aparupa
kabhu nahi sparshe tara hiya
"The transcendental Name, Form, Abode, and Pastimes of Their Lordships Radha-Krishna will never be even able to touch the heart of a person who after taking birth on this earthly planet or Gauda Mandala does not worship and chant the glories of the transcendental Name, Form, Pastimes and Abode of Lord Gauranga."
Shrila Prabhupada himself is chanting the 'Gauranga' Mantraraja presently in the eternal abode of Navadvipa in his spiritual body as an associate of Lord Gauranga because it is stated in Chaitanya-mangala (quoted above) that all the associates of Lord worship Him in Goloka by the chanting of the four-syllable Gauranga Mantra. The dearmost desire of every acharya is to spread the chanting of the 'Gauranga' Mantraraja alongwith the Mahamantra because it is Lord Nityananda's intense desire (sehai more prana re).
The acharyas have already given the detailed instructions in their books. Sometimes they practically implement only some of their instructions given in their books and the leave others to be implemented to their followers due to their causeless mercy. But all the guidelines are there in their books and instructions. An acharya who is eternal associate of Lord Gauranga may give even the most fallen people the qualification to chant the Hare Krishna Mahamantra directly by his causeless mercy. But for his followers, his instructions are more important than what he has done because we cannot imitate his activities. And Shrila Prabhupada has categorically stated in Cc Adi 8.31 purp posted above that a neophyte student should not directly indulge in chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra but should first take shelter of very regularly chanting the names of Lord Nityananda and Lord Gauranga.
And Panca-tattva is not recommended to be chanted by Shrila Prabhupada regularly on beads:
"Who is that rascal sannyasi who has recommended to chant Pancha Tattva mantra on the japa beads? First, send me his name." (Letter to: Govardhan 4, Juhu, Bombay-54, 18 November, 1973)
Then what will the neophytes do as per the above quotes? According to Prabhupada they should not indulge in the chanting of Hare Krishna mantra instead they should very regularly chant the names of Nitai-Gaura but they cannot chant the Panca-tattva mantra on beads. How will they be ever raised from the neophyte stage if they don't begin chanting in the first place. That is why the chanting of the authorized Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas on the beads (which is never ever prohibited by Shrila Prabhupada anywhere like he did for the Panca-tattva mantra) will give them qualification or raise them to the platform of chanting the Hare Krishna Mahamantra. This regular chanting of the two mantras is the direct practical implementation of Shrila Prabhupada's purport in Cc Adi 8.31 considering the fact the Prabhupada did not recommend the regular chanting of the Panca-tattva mantra on the beads. Chanting of the Panca-tattva Mantra once before each round or three times before beginning the kirtana cannot be termed as "very regularly" (as insisted by Shrila Prabhupada) and "karite karite" (as insisted by Shrila Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada) for the chanting of Lord Nityananda and Lord Gauranga's Names.
The order of Lord Nityananda is the life and soul of all acharyas including Shrila Prabhupada. If someone says that Shrila Prabhupada does not want us to chant the name of 'Gauranga', they are commiting the biggest offense against Prabhupada by saying that Prabhupada is desiring something against the desires of Lord Nityananda.
I would say that it is the most dearmost and pleasing thing to the heart of Shrila Prabhupada and the greatest service to him, all acharyas (like Narottama das Thakura who said that he will become a slave of someone who chants 'Gauranga') and Lord Nityananda to make others chant Gauranga's name regularly. This is proved by Shrila Prabhupada's song on the Jaladuta and his direct statements in the Chaitanya-charitamrita.
The spiritual opulences present in the 'Gauranga' and 'Nityananda' Mantras cannot even be compared to the combined opulences present in the millions of universes in this material world multiplied millions of times. So who are we, tiny insignificant souls to minimize or belittle or obstruct the chanting of the 'Nityananda' and 'Gauranga' Mantras which all the acharyas have personally advocated following in the footsteps of Lord Nityananda Balarama Himself.
Lord Nityananda did chanted Gauranga Mantraraja, Shivananda Sena did (in Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita Cc), Parvati, Sapta-rishis, Markandeya. Suvarna Sena etc etc etc etc etc....... did in the Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmya, Narada in Chaitanya-mangala, associates of the Lord in Cc etc. Lord Nityananda explicitly instructed all the living entities to chant the Gauranga Mantraraja. Where did He instruct anyone to chant Gauranga only without beads but not on beads? It is totally absurd and ludricous to say that Gauranga's name can be chanted in any form but not on beads. I challenge, "Why not?" Please show us any statement in the scripture which says that it is prohibited to chant Gauranga or Nityananda Mantra on the beads or to chant the bonafide Gaura Gopala Mantra on beads in apasiddhantic or apasampradayic.
Please support your statements with scriptural quotes before saying that chanting of the Gauranga Mantraraja on beads in not recommended by the acharyas or that chanting of the Gauranga Mantra on beads falls in a category of an apasampradaya or that chanting the Gauranga Mantra is a manufactured bhajana. It is like saying that Shrila Shivananda Sena engaged himself in a manufactured or invented process of bhajana. Don't you think this is an extremely offensive statement to the authorized Gauranga Mantraraja which is known as the Gaura Gopala Mantra in the Cc and also to Lord Nityananda and the acharyas themselves who have chanted japa and preached the chanting of the Gauranga Mantra?
We humbly beg with a straw in my mouth falling at the feet of all the Vaishnavas to kindly read this full book and think and mediate deeply before coming to a hasty conclusion of minimizing or discouraging or downgrading or writing off the importance of the regular chanting of atleast 10 rounds each of the Gauranga and Nityananda Mantras alongwith atleast 16 rounds of the Maha-mantra. Believe it or not, if we take part in the minimization of the process of regular chanting of these two most merciful names of the Lord, it will be most displeasing thing to Lord Nityananda Prabhu and will invoke His direct anger on whoever minimizes the chanting of these two mantras in any subtle as well as gross way because it is His dearmost mission to propogate the chanting of the Name of Gauranga all over the creation as stated by Shrila Prabhupada himself on the Jaladuta. And one who even indirectly dares to challenge or obstruct or belittle the mission of Gauranga Dharma of spreading the Names of Nityananda, Gauranga and Hare Krishna which is the personal Mission of the Supreme Lord Nityananda Prabhu is doomed to fall down from any kind of spiritual standing. If Lord Gauranga is displeased with someone, Lord Nityananda protects and somehow engages that soul in Lord Gauranga's service but if Lord Nityananda is displeased with someone especially one hwo obstructs His mission of spreading the Name of Gauranga, that soul becomes permanently bereft of the mercy of Lord Gauranga. And Lord Nityananda Balarama will destroy with His mighty golden plough anyone who dares to critcizeor minimize the chanting of the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas.
Those who say that Lord Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu even though He is Lord Shri Krishna Himself should be only worshiped as a devotee and thus His Name should not be chanted but only Lord Krishna's Name should be chanted are in a great illusion. They should read the following wonderful pastime from Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata of Shrila Vrindavana Dasa Thakura:
One day, in a very blissful mood, Advaita Acharya told the devotees, "My dear Vaishnava brothers, today, let us chant only the Names of Lord Gauranga, for He is the fountainhead of all incarnations, and the most munificent. Today, we devotees are respected in society simply because Shri Gauranga has Himself propagated the congregational chanting of the holy name of the Lord. Now, I want all of you to chant and sing the glories of the Name of Lord Gaurangas while I dance. If you are afraid that the Lord will find out, then chant more loudly to drown out your fears."
Lord Gauranga always tried to hide His real identity. It is for this reason that the devotees were afraid to chant His Name and glorify Him as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Of course, they could not disobey Advaita Acharya's instructions and so they began to loudly chant and sing. After dancing for some time, Advaita Acharya took the lead by singing His own composition: "Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu is none other than Lord Narayana, the ocean of mercy and friend of the distressed. O Lord, please be kind to Me."
The devotees responded, singing, "Jaya Shachinandana!" After some time, Advaita Acharya began singing another song that He had composed: "Jaya Gaurasundara, the ever-expanding ocean of compassion. All glories to the prince of Vrindavana, who now has appeared as the hero of Navadvipa. Kindly offer Me the cooling shade of Your lotus feet."
The tempo of the kirtan picked up and Advaita Acharya danced ecstatically. Because the songs were new to the devotees, they enjoyed the singing more than usual. Hearing the loud kirtana, Lord Gauranga arrived upon the scene. He beheld a magnificent spectacle. The devotees were radiant with transcendental happiness and in their midst, Advaita Acharya danced in ecstasy. The devotees felt no fear as they loudly chanted Lord Gauranga's Names as He stood in front of them.
Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu had always maintained a mood of humble servitorship to Himself. He always said, "I am the servant of Lord Krishna." No one dared to call Him the Supreme Lord in His presence. Now, however, by the strength of Advaita Acharya's presence, the devotees chanted and sang fearlessly, glorifying Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu as the Supreme Godhead. While listening to the glorification of His own Name, the Lord seemed to feel somewhat externally apparently ashamed but internally very pleased. After a few moments, He left the venue.
Finally, after a long and enthusiastic kirtana, the devotees departed to see Lord Gauranga. After returning home from the kirtana where He had been glorified, Lord Gauranga lay down, externally appearing quite upset. Govinda, the Lord's servant, then came and informed Him that all of the devotees were waiting at the door, hoping to see Him. The Lord instructed Govinda to usher everyone inside. The devotees came in and saw Lord Gauranga lying down, and He did not look at anyone. Being very nervous and afraid, the devotees began to pray while remembering the Lord's lotus feet.
After a short while, Lord Gauranga got up and said, "My dear Shrivasa. My dear devotees, leaving aside the glories of Lord Krishna, what avatara were you chanting and singing about today? Please explain this." Being a very talented speaker, Shrivasa Pandita replied, "My Lord, the living entities are not independent entities. Like puppets, they act as the Supreme Controller wishes. This is what occurred today. We sang what the Supreme Controller wanted us to sing." The Lord retorted, "You are all erudite scholars. Why do you disclose that which is meant to remain secret?" (As per the scriptures the fact that Lord Gauranga is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and non-different from Lord Krishna was supposed to remain secret only as long as Lord Gauranga personally enacted pastimes in this world but later will be and has to be revealed to the people of this whole world who will them chant the Name of Lord Gauranga and worship Him as the Supreme Lord.)
Smilingly, Shrivasa Pandita made a funny gesture by raising his hands toward the sky, as if shielding his eyes from the sun. Lord Gauranga asked, "Shrivasa, what is the meaning of this?"Shrivasa Pandita replied, "Clearly, I am trying to cover the sun with my hands. But, is it really possible to do so? Similarly, can Your Name and Fame be concealed? Even if it were somehow possible to cover the sun with the palm of one's hand, still, it would not be possible for You to hide Yourself and the glories of chanting Your Holy Name. Your Name and Glories are known everywhere. Right now, in Brahmaloka, kirtana is reverberating in glorification of Your Name. How many of us are You going to punish for this?"
Just then, something miraculous happened. Thousands of people from all over India, who had come to see Lord Jagannatha, suddenly appeared at Lord Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu's door, being anxious to see Him. Their voices rang out, "All glories to Shri Krishna Chaitanya, the Supreme One, who relishes devotional service to Himself! All glories to the Supreme Lord Gauranga, who has accepted the dress of a sannyasi."In this way, thousands were chanting, singing and dancing in ecstasy. Shrivasa Pandita said, "My Lord, where will You hide now? The whole world is and will chant Your Name and Glories. You cannot stop this. You are invisible, unmanifest and imperceptible, and yet out of Your causeless mercy, You have personally appeared. You hide Yourself and then, by Your will alone You manifest Yourself. Only those who are recipients of Your divine grace are able to know this."
Lord Shri Gauranga replied, "Shrivasa, you have displayed your mystic power by making the people chant and sing as they have and in this way, I have been defeated by you. You are certainly fully empowered as a result of your devotional service and your desire to spread the glories of chanting my Name."
Krishna Nama and Gauranga Nama are same but there are some differences also. The following are some differences:
1. There are 10 offenses to be avoided in Krishna Nama.whereas there are no offenses considered in Gauranga Nama.
2. Although Krishna is Gauranga, but Gauranga is audarya vigraha. It is said in Navadvipa Dhama Mahatmya that if one worships Krishna without Gauranga, then Krishna Prema will come after a very prolonged period of time, but if Gauranga is worshipped along with Krishna, then Krishna Prema will come in a short time.
Those who say that Krishna Mantra includes everything so that there is no need of chanting Gauranga Mantra, should think why scriptures say in the above way. The actual understanding is that Krishna Prema can be obtained very quickly by chanting Gauranga's Name. If Krishna's Name alone, (without Gauranga's Name) is chanted then sage Narada and Pushkara Tirtha both state in Navadvipa Dhama Mahatmya that it will take millions and millions of years to awaken Krishna Prema.
Why it is said that by chanting Gauranga's Name along with Krishna's Name very quickly Krishna Prema will come? This is because Gauranga's Name eradicates all types of namaparadha (offenses) in the chanting of Krishna's name.
"namaaparaadham sakalam vinasya
chaitanya naamashrita maanavaanaam"
3. Lord Nityananda Prabhu says that offenders are punished in Vrindavana but they are given Krishna Prema in Navadvipa.
4. In Anubhasya commentary to Chaitanya Charitaamrita, Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur says that although Krishna Nama and Gauranga Nama are non-different from each other, still Krishna Nama shows mercy on liberated souls and Gauranga Nama shows mercy on fallen and offensive jivas. Hence he recommends to chant Nityananda and Gauranga Nama.
We have to consider whether chanting Pancha Tattva Mantra three times before kirtana and one time before Hare Krishna mantra is sufficient for the most fallen souls of Kali Yuga?
When Prabhupada said chant Krishna's Name always he meant the Hare Krishna Mantra, and when he says chant Gauranga's Name always he meant the Gauranga Mantra not the Pancha Tattva Mantra. This is clear from the fact that he told to chant Gauranga's Name always but not to chant Pancha Tattva Mantra always ie. only three times before Hare Krishna Kirtana and one time before one round of Hare Krishna.
All bonafide Vaishnava Mantras can be chanted on Tulasi Beads. If devotees of Lord Nrisingha can chant japa of Nrisingha Mantra on beads, if devotees of Lord Rama can chant Rama Mantra on japa beads, if devotees of Lord Narayana can chant the Narayana Mantra on japa beads, why can't a devotee of Lord Gauranga exclusively attached to Lord Gauranga chant japa of the most bonafide and sublime Gauranga Mantra on beads considering the fact that Lord Gauranga is the ultimate origin of all the above Vishnu Tattvas and the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself?
Shrila Prabhupada said Christians and others can chant the bonafide Names of God known in their religions(Christ, Allah etc) on beads. Please refer science to the book the Science of Self-Realisation.. So why would Shrila Prabhupada object to the chanting of Lord Gauranga's name on beads especially when he came specially to preach the Holy Name of Lord Gauranga around the world as per his own words found in this book?
As per the greatest Vedic book Jaiva Dharma by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, there are three kinds of devotees who enter into the supreme abode of Goloka Vrindavana (Chp 17, Jaiva Dharma):