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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > NITAAI Forum Archives > Books By Swami Gaurangapada > Nityananda Gauranga Naam > 001 Why to chant Nityananda Gauranga > 005 Shrila Prabhupada Letters and Other Commentaries

Title: 005 Shrila Prabhupada Letters and Other Commentaries

User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-06-13 05:34:29


On board the ship Jaladuta, September 13, 1965, Verse 3, by Shrila Prabhupada:


tara iccha balavan pascatyete than than

hoy jate gauranger nam

prthivite nagaradi asamudra nada nadi

sakalei loy krishna nam


"By his (my Guru Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada's) strong desire, THE HOLY NAME OF GAURANGA will first spread throughout all the countries of the Western world. Then in all the cities, towns, and villages on the earth, from all the oceans, seas, rivers, and streams, everyone will chant the Hare Krishna Mahamantra."


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


Here Shrila Prabhupada is clearly stating that unless the conditioned and offensive people of this world regularly chant the name of Gauranga, they will not be able to factually take up or become qualified for directly taking up the chanting of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra. And even if they do so they will be simply indugling in the Mahamantra because of their offenses. Thus they will not get the desired results, benefits and taste in the chanting of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra and thus they may end up giving up the chanting process very soon. We have seen this happening in innumerable cases in our past Vaishnava history. Thousands of devotees have lost taste in chanting the Mahamantra and thus given up the chanting and developed their taste in material pursuits. This is because of a lack of chanting the Names of Nityananda and Gauranga. Therefore the only solution and the final conclusion of all the scriptures and acharyas is to very regularly chant the Names of Nityananda and Gauranga before beginning the chanting of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra. (Commentary ends)


Shrila Prabhupada’s Letter to: Niranjana, Brooklyn, 21 May, 1973:

"You mention that they have not even heard of Lord Gauranga. So that is their misfortune, and our misfortune also. _________________ in India, they could not preach Lord Gauranga's name all over India."


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


This letter from Shrila Prabhupada clearly proves that his mission was to first spread the Name of Gauranga in this world. This is Lord Nityananda's mission as well and the mission of all the acharyas. And how will Lord Gauranga's Name spread and become a household work like "Hare Krishna" unless people of this world very regularly chant the Gauranga Mantra daily on beads? It is foolishness to think that Gauranga's Name can be spread in this world without inducing the people of this world to chant the Name a fixed number of times daily.


Shrila Prabhupada wants the Name of Gauranga to be preached in this world and he has done it through his books and instructions. Also sometimes the acharyas leave some particular mission for their followers to accomplish when the time is ripe. Like Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada wanted to preach in Western countries but he personally did not do that but did that through his followers, the most prominent among them being Shrila Prabhupada. Similarly Shrila Prabhupada also wanted the name of Gauranga to be preached all over the world along with the Hare Krishna Mahamantra because it is Lord Nityananda's order.


So Shrila Prabhupada will surely empower some of his followers to spread the Name of Gauranga more directly especially by the introduction of the process of very regular chanting the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas. Shrila Prabhupada wanted to established Lord Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead through his books and writings so that once people understand Lord Krishna widely they can fully and properly accept Lord Gauranga, the most merciful and combined incarnation of Shri Shri Radha-Krishna. So spreading the Name of Lord Gauranga was the second-phase plan of Shrila Prabhupada which he initiated himself and left to his followers to spread the names of Nityananda and Gauranga all over the world.


Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami also states a similar thing in Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Adi 2.119:


chaitanya-prabhura mahima kahibara tare;

krsnera mahima kahi kariya vistare.


"Just to enunciate the glories of Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu and universally establish Him as the Supreme Personality of Godhead non-different from Lord Krishna, I have described in detail the glories of Lord Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead." (Commentary ends)


Shrila Prabhupada in Cc Madhya 24.330: "The spiritual master has to select a mantra for his disciple according to the disciple's ability to chant different mantras."


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


It is the duty of the spiritual master to give those Mantras to the disciple which he or she is qualified to chant so as to ensure that the disciple comes up to the level of chanting the Hare Krishna Mahamantra without offenses. And the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas are the specific Mantras in Kali-Yuga which do not consider the offensive mentality of the chanter and grant the chanter with qualification to render Krishna-bhakti and purely chant Krishna's Names. (Commentary ends)


Shrila Prabhupada’s Letter to: Shachimata, Bombay, 8 December, 1974:


"It is the advice of Narottama das Thakura to chant the holy name of Gauranga either if one remains at home or in the forest. Similarly, do not forget the chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra either you live in the temple or at home."


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


Here Shrila Prabhupada uses the word "similarly" and he is making a direct comparison of the chanting of the Gauranga Mantraraja with the chanting of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra. He states that the Gauranga's Name should be chanted in the the same way as we chant the Hare Krishna Mahamantra irrespective of where one is located and what the time, place and circumstances are. (Commentary Ends)


Shrila Prabhupada in Shrimad-Bhagavatam Lecture 2.1.2, Vrndavana, March 17, 1974:


"Then you become gosvami. Then, as Narottama dasa Thakura says, grhe va banete thake ha gauranga bole dake. Ha gauranga, 'Always chanting Nitai-Gaura, and thinking of Nitai-Gaura,' such person, Narottama dasa Thakura says... Grhe va... 'He may be a sannyasi, or he may be a grhastha. It doesn't matter. Because he is absorbed in the thought of Nitai-Gaura.' So narottama mage tanra sanga: 'Narottama is always desiring to associate with such person.'"


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


The real qualification of a devotee is not whether he is a sannyasi or householder. But whether he or she is constantly chanting the names of Nityananda and Gauranga. We should associate with such a qualified devotee. Here Shrila Prabhupada and Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura want us to always chant Nityananda and Gauranga's Name. Some argue that chanting means only with the mouth or singing but not chanting japa on beads. But all our acharyas including Shrila Prabhupada have always used the word "chant" for both japa on beads and kirtana. It is a foolish attempt to try to say that chanting in some cases means only singing and not japa on beads. In specific cases where the acharyas did not want the japa on beads like for the Pancha-tattva Mantra, they have stated it clearly and explicitly. But the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas have been chanted as japa by many great acharyas like Shrila Shivananda Sena, Sapta Rishis, Parvati, Shiva, Markendeya Rishi, Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya, Advaita Acharya, Suvarna Sena, Madhavendra Puri, Purushottama Pandita, Balarama Acharya, Minaketana Ramadasa etc. etc. and approved by Shrila Prabhupada in the above quoted Room Conversation with Yoga Student specifically addresing a question about Japa in Iran on March 14, 1975. So the word "chant" is applicable for both japa and kirtana for the Nityananda and Gauranga Nama just like it is for Harinama in the form of the Mahamantra. (Commentary Ends)


Shrila Prabhupada in Shri Chaitanya-charitamrita class, Madhya-lila 20.102, Baltimore, July 7, 1976:


"If you simply chant Nitai-Gaura and dance, then you'll become happy. There is no difficulty. There is no difficulty."


Shrila Prabhupada inShri Chaitanya-charitamrita class, Adi-lila 7.4, Mayapur, March 4, 1974:


"Narottama dasa Thakura is aspiring for the day when Nityananda Prabhu will be pleased upon him. Just like Jagai-Madhai was delivered by the mercy of Shri Nityananda Prabhu, so we have to pray Nityananda Prabhu. He's very merciful. He's so kind, Baladeva, He gives spiritual strength. Then we can approach the Supreme Lord. Therefore we chant "Nitai-Gaura." This is the process. We cannot change this policy."


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


Here Shrila Prabhupada clearly states that the policy, teachings and instructions of all acharyas and scriptures is to chant (japa and kirtana) of the two Names of Lord Nityananda and Lord Gauranga. And this cannot be given up or neglected at any cost even if the whole world is against it or tries to stop it. (Commentary Ends)


Shrila Prabhupada’s Purport to Gauranga Bolite Habe, Los Angeles, January 9, 1969:


"As soon as one will chant the name of Shri Krishna Chaitanya, there will be shivering. This is the first symptom that one is getting advanced in the perfectional stage of Krishna consciousness. So Narottama dasa Thakura says, gauranga bolite habe pulaka sarire. He's expecting. Although he was a great acarya, still, he was expecting, "When that stage will come?" The wording of the song is as follows. G-a-u-r-a-n-g-a, gauranga. Bolite, b-a-l-i-t-e. Habe, h-a-b-e. Gauranga bolite habe pulaka, p-u-l-a-k-a. Pulaka sarira, s-a-r-i-r. Gauranga bolite habe pulaka sarira hari hari, h-a-r-i h-a-r-i. Bolite, b-a-l-i-t-e. Hari hari bolite habe, h-a-b-e. Hari hari bolite kabe. Not habe, kabe, k-a-b-e. Nayane, n-a-y-a-n-e. Babe, b-a-b-e, Nira, n-e-e-r. The meaning is that there will be not only shivering as soon as I utter the name of Gauranga, but there will be torrents of tears in my eyes as soon as I chant Hare Krishna. this is the explanation."


Shrila Prabhupada’s Letter to: Dina Dayala, Nellore, 6 January, 1976:


"My Guru Maharaja always sees if Krishna's name or Lord Chaitanya's name appeared in someone's writing and would appreciate the writing for this alone."


Shrila Prabhupada’s Purport to song, Los Angeles, Dec 29, 1968:


"He says: gauranga bolite habe pulaka-sarira. This is the perfection of chanting, that as soon as we chant or take the name of Lord Gauranga, who initiated the Sankirtana Movement, at once there will be a shivering in the body."


Shrila Prabhupada in Krishna Book Chp 20, Description of Autumn:


"Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura prays that he will have the association of a person-either a householder or a man in the renounced order of life - who is engaged in the transcendental loving service of the Lord and is always crying the holy name of Lord Chaitanya."


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


If one follows this instruction of Shrila Prabhupada in Krishna Book, then one's life will be perfect and subline. And that is to constantly chant the name of Gauranga will feeling and devotion. Crying the Name of Gauranga can be done while chanting on beads as well in kirtana. Infact Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura states in Hari-nama-chintamani that some quantity of our daily quota of chanting may also be chanted in kirtana to give us a special taste and spiritual bliss to all our senses and one can even count the Names while chanting Them in kirtana. (Commentary Ends)


Shrila Prabhupada in SB 1.5.16 purport:


"The expert devotees also can discover novel ways and means to convert the nondevotees in terms of particular time and circumstance. Devotional service is dynamic activity, and the expert devotees can find out competent means to inject it into the dull brains of the materialistic population. Such transcendental activities of the devotees for the service of the Lord can bring a new order of life to the foolish society of materialistic men."


Shrila Prabhupada inCc Adi 7.31-32 purport:


"Here is an important point. Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu wanted to invent a way to capture the Mayavadis and others who did not take interest in the Krishna consciousness movement. This is the symptom of an acarya. An acarya who comes for the service of the Lord cannot be expected to conform to a stereotype, for he must find the ways and means by which Krishna consciousness may be spread."


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Prabhupada introduced the system of Gayatri-Mantra-Diksha (Brahmana Diksha) for the first time in our sampradaya even though he had not received it from his own guru. This was for the specific purpose of stopping the Vaishnava-aparadha committed by the brahmanas in thinking themselves superior to the Vaishnavas. Similarly we have introduced this system of Gauranga-Mantra-Diksha (Gauranama Diksha) as the entrance to Gauranga Dharma and Gauranga Bhakti Yoga, by the inspiration and order of all the acharyas and Lord Nityananda in order to stop and totally destroy all the ten nama-aparadhas (offenses) of the devotees and disciples and to make them rapidly achieve pure love for Krishna and qualification to chant the pure Hare Krishna Mahamantra. Thus it is the right of every Guru to choose particular authorized Mantras for the disciples' rapid spiritual advancement and the people who criticize this are simply engaging in Vaishnava-ninda of the devotees who are trying to spread the most merciful Names of the Lord: Nityananda and Gauranga. Ofcourse everyone can decide for oneself whether to chant the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas or not and can remain neutral if they do not want to chant personally but the act of criticizing and minimizing those who are genuinely chanting or preaching the glories of the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas in addition to the Hare Krishna Mahamantra will spell spiritual doom for the unfortunate person who engages in such a supremely inauspicious activity.


One should try to understand Shrila Prabhupada's above quotes where he states that an expert devotee cannot be forced to simply stick to a stereotype but his prime duty is to find out or invent or discover and introduce novel ways and means from the scriptures to widely inject and spread Gauranga and Krishna consciousness into the bloodstream of the suffering human society so that millions can take it up and rapidly progress in spiritual life.


The Acharyas who have directly descended from the spiritual world can directly give the Maha-mantra to the aparadhi jivas (offensive souls) by making them directly qualified. Their activities should not be imitated by us but their instructions in their books are to be followed. These instructions are clear that a neophyte should not directly indulge in chanting of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra only and if even he or she tries to do he will never get the result due to his or her offenses. Instead they state that he or she should begin by very regularly chanting the names of Nityananda and Gauranga. The acharyas have repeatedly given the instructions to chant the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantras in their vani but they are not bound to implement their own instructions and they are free to preach in whatever way they desire. Whereas we should try to strictly implement their instructions rather than foolishly trying to imitate what they have done. For us their instructions are more important than their incomprehensible and transcendental activities which can never be imitated.


An acharya may not rigidly follow his own instructions give in his books. Because he is as independent as the Lord Himself. Similarly Shrila Prabhupada said that a neophyte student should not directly chant the Hare Krishna Mahamantra but should take shelter of the names of Nityananda and Gauranga first. But Shrila Prabhupada need not follow this standard given by his ownself and can directly introduce the Mahamantra (which is what he did in most cases) because he is independent being the direct associate of Lord Gauranga. But his followers can and should follow his instructions in his books for their own rapid spiritual advancement and for preaching purposes.


The Acharyas may have disaproved of chanting Mantras not authorized in the scriptures containing Nityananda and Gauranga Names like bhaja nitai-gaura radhe-shyam...but those statements should never be applied to chanting the most bonafide Gaura Gopala Mantra-Gauranga which has been chanted by all our acharyas and mentioned in the authentic scriptures. Nor is there even a single evidence anywhere in the scriptures to prove that Gauranga Mantraraja should only be chanted in kirtana and not on beads. Infact many acharyas like Shivananda Sena and all the eternal associates of Lord Gauranga in Goloka, Parvati, Shiva, Sapta rishis, Markendeya Rishi etc. have chanted japa of the Gauranga Mantraraja on beads and Shrila Prabhupada has approved of it more than once as seen in the above quotes.


Shrila Prabhupada writes in Shri Chaitanya-Charitamrita Adi-lila 7.4 purport:


"Taking advantage of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, many unscrupulous devotees manufacture a maha-mantra of their own. Sometimes they sing bhaja nitai gaura radhe syama hare krishna hare rama or shri-krishna-chaitanya prabhu-nityananda hare krishna hare rama shri-radhe govinda. Actually, however, one should chant the names of the full Panca-tattva (shri-krishna-chaitanya prabhu-nityananda shri-advaita gadadhara shrivasadi-gaura-bhakta-vrinda) and then the sixteen words Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. But these unscrupulous, less intelligent men confuse the entire process. Of course, since they are also devotees they can express their feelings in that way, but the method prescribed by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s pure devotees is to first chant the full Panca-tattva mantra and then chant the maha-mantra-Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.”


As per the comprehensive scriptural quotations in the book, the Gaura Gopala Mantraraja: "Gauranga" and the Haladhara Balarama Mantraraja: "Nityananda" are authorized Mantras from the Vedic scriptures and are not manufactured Mantras like "bhaja nitai gaura radhe syama hare krishna hare rama" or "shri-krishna-chaitanya prabhu-nityananda hare krishna hare rama shri-radhe govinda".


Besides all the devotees of Nityananda Gauranga Bhakti Yoga who are chanting the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas are also chanting the Pancha-tattva Mantra before beginning the chanting of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra in japa and kirtana as recommended by Shrila Prabhupada in the above quote.


Also according to the scriptures one can have different Diksha Gurus for different mantras. Like for example, Parvati got Diksha in the Ramamantra from Shiva, her husband (which she explicitly and clearly mentions in the Chaitanya-Charitamrita Cc), in the Mahamantra from Shrila Haridasa Thakura again as described in Cc and in the Gauranga Mantraraja from Lord Shiva (Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmya) after which she achieved the darshan of Lord Gauranga in Navadvipa. So it is authorized by the scriptures. There should be only one Diksha Guru for one Mantra though. That is conclusion of the scriptures. Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Prabhupada accepted Diksha in the Nrisingha Mantra from his father Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura in childhood and in the Hare Krishna Mahamantra from Shrila Gaura Kishore Dasa Babaji. So devotees who have accepted Diksha in any bonafide Vaishnava Mantra from any bonafide Vaishnava guru in any of the four sampradayas (please read our book "Maha Mantra Yoga" for furthur details) can also accept Gauranga Mantra or Gauranama Mahadiksha into the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas since these two Mantrarajas destroy all the offenses and ensure our rapid sucess in chanting of all the bonafide Vishnu Mantras in this world.


Ofcourse the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas are so supremely powerful and independent that They do not wait or depend on Diksha and can be chanted by anyone and everyone. Diksha is a process which hastens up the purification of the spiritual aspirant as he or she chants the Mantrarajas received from the lips of a Guru who is realized in chanting of the Mantrarajas and then chants under the merciful guidance and blessings of Shri Gurudeva.


In order not to cause any inconvenience to any Vaishnavas and avoid controversy, it is our personal decision that we will encourage those devotees who have accepted Diksha into any Vishnu Mantra from another bonafide and authentic Guru in any of the four Vaishnava sampradayas to just chant the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantarajas without accepting Diksha in these Mantrarajas. Though it is perfectly in line with the scriptures that they can accept Diksha into the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas from another Guru while still worshiping their previous Guru, we will not impart them the Gauranga Mantra Mahadiksha unless they have explicit and clear instructions and permission from their first Diksha Guru in this regard. If they seek our guidance, these devotees will be encouraged to simply chant the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas. We are specifically interested in spreading the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas among the new and fresh spiritual candidates. If they want some instructions from us, we will simply request the old initiated devotees of other bonafide Vaishnava Gurus to add the chanting of the Nityananda and Gauranga Mantrarajas to their daily chanting unless ofcourse it is the desire of their first Gurus that they accept Gauranga Mantra Mahadiksha from us. So no one has to fear about any inconvenience caused by the preaching of the Nitaynanda and Gauranga Mantrarajas. If there are any specific issues we would request the concerned devotees or Gurus of other institutions to directly let us know by contacting us in a Vaishnava way so that we can sort out the matter directly. (Commentary ends)


Shrila Prabhupada during a Room Conversation, August 14, 1971, London:


Prabhupada: No. We are recommending "Chant the holy name of God." So if you have got the holy name of God, you can chant that.


Prabhupada: Anyway, if one chants Allah or Jesus Christ, we have no objection. We don't say that you stop it. We say that you chant the holy name of God. If that name is of God, you chant.


Commentary by Swami Gaurangapada:


Here Shrila Prabhupada is stating that one can chant any authentic Name of God. So what can be more authentic than the Name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead: "Gauranga" which is the most merciful combined Name of Their Lorships Shri Shri Radha-Krishna and also known as the Radha-Krishna-Yugala-Mantraraja or the Gaura-Gopala-Mantraraja. And what can be more authentic than the supremely magnanimous Name of the Supreme Personality of Servitor Godhead Lord Balarama: "Nityananda". So those who oppose the chanting of these Names are opposing the chanting of the most authentic Names of the Supreme Lord.