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Title: 29 Kapila Tantra about Navadvipa
User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-07-17 13:23:53
jambudvipe kalau ghore, mayapure* dvijalaye;
janitva parshadaih sardham, kirtanam prakatishyati.
In the Kapila Tantra, the Supreme Lord declares: “In the horrible Kali-yuga, I will descend in a brahmana’s home in Mayapura*, in Jambudvipa. Assisted by My eternal associates, I will manifest the hari-nama-sankirtana movement.”
kvacit sapi krishnam aha, shrinu mad-vacanam priya;
bhavata ca sahaikatmyam, icchami bhavitum prabho.
In the Kapila Tantra, Ninth Patala it is said: “Then Shrimati Radharani said to Lord Krisna: ‘O my beloved Lord, please hear My words. I intensely desire to become one with You.
mama bhavanvitam rupam, hridayahlada-karanam;
“‘Please show Me a form which is the personification of My love for You, which is greatly delightful to My heart, which is manifested by the transcendental union and Our two transcendental bodies and which is filled with auspicious and blissful pastimes.
paraspara-svabhavadhyam rupam ekam pradarsaya;
srutva tu preyasi-vakyam parama-priti-sucakam.
“‘Please show Me that form which is enriched by Our two natures.’ In this way Lord Krisna heard these words which were spoken by His beloved with intense love.
svecchayasid yatha purvam, utsahena jagad-guruh;
premalingana-yogena, hy acintya-sakti-yogatah.
“Hearing this, the master of the universe Lord Krisna enthusiastically embraced Her. Then, by the arrangement of His inconceivable potency, . . .
radha-bhava-kanti-yuktam, murtim ekam prakasayan;
svapne tu darsayam asa, radhikayai svayam prabhuh.
. . . Their two divine forms merged into one single splendid golden form of Krisna (Gauranga) endowed with the sentiment, love and golden complexion of His greatest devotee Shrimati Radharani. This form was shown by Lord Krishna to Shrimati Radhika in a dreamlike trance.”
Purport by Shrila Bhaktiratna Sadhu Maharaja:
From the above verses it is very clear that Lord Radha-Krishna have combined as Lord Gauranga. Thus the four-syllable Gaura-gopala mantra (or Gauranga-mantra) is gau-ra-an-ga which is absolutely non-different from the four syllables of ra-dha krish-na. This was constantly chanted by Shrila Sivananda Sena as explained in Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita, Antya -lila 2.31:
‘gaura-gopala mantra’ tomara cari akshara;
avisvasa chada, yei kariyacha antara”
Nakula Brahmacari told Sivananda Sena, “You are chanting the Gaura-gopala mantra, composed of four syllables (which is your ishta-mantra). Now please give up the doubts that have resided within you.”
Purport by Shrila Prabhupada:
Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura explains the Gaura-gopala mantra in his Amrita-pravaha-bhashya. Worshipers of Shri Gaurasundara accept the four syllables gau-ra-an-ga as the Gaura mantra, but pure worshipers of Radha and Krishna accept the four syllables ra-dha krish-na as the Gaura-gopala mantra. However, Vaishnavas consider Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu nondifferent from Radha-Krishna (shri-krishna-chaitanya radha-krishna nahe anya). Therefore one who chants the mantra “gauranga” and one who chants the names of Radha and Krishna are on the same level.
Purport by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura in his Amrita-pravaha-bhashya:
gaura-gopala-mantra-gauravadi gana ‘gauranga’-name chatura-akshara gaura-mantra ke uddesya karena; kevala krishnavadi gana ei ‘gaura-gopala-mantra’ sabde radhakrishnera chatura-akshara-mantrake uddesya karena.
“The following is the explanation of the Gaura-gopala mantra. The followers of Lord Gaura accept ‘Gauranga’ as the four-syllable mantra and the followers of only Krishna accept ‘Radha-Krishna’ as the Gaura-gopala mantra. The followers of both Lord Gaura and Lord Krishna accept either one of them as the Gaura-gopala mantra understanding that They are non-different from each other.”
In Shri Chaitanya-mangala Sutra-khanda Verse 527 by Shrila Locana Dasa Thakura, the four-syllable Gauranga-mantra is described as the mantra through which Lord Gauranga is worshipped in Goloka Vrindavana, the topmost Vaikuntha planet in the spiritual world:
hema-gaura kalevara, mantra cari-akshara;
sahaja vaikuntha-natha syama.
“The Lord sits on a golden bejewelled throne. He posseses a complexion millions of times more brilliant than the colour of molten gold. He is worshipped by all His devotees with the four-syllable mantra, Gauranga.”
The most exalted Babaji instructed Vrajanatha in the following way in Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura’s Jaiva Dharma, Chapter 17, regarding the destination of the worship of Lord Gaura and Lord Krishna:
††††††† “Krishna and Gaura-kisora are not different. They are both shelters of the feature of sweetness (madhurya-rasa). They do have one difference. Madhurya-rasa (the Lord’s sweetness) has two features: 1. madhurya (sweetness), and 2. audarya (mercy). When sweetness is prominent, Lord Krishna is manifested. When mercy is prominent, Lord Gauranga is manifested. The topmost spiritual world of Vrindavana is divided into two abodes: 1. the abode of Lord Krishna, and 2. the abode of Lord Gaura. The eternally perfect and eternally liberated souls who have sweetness first and mercy second reside in Lord Krishna’s abode. They are Lord Krishna’s associates. The eternally perfect and eternally liberated souls who have mercy first and sweetness second reside in Lord Gaura’s abode. They are Lord Gaura’s associates. Some souls manifest two forms and reside in both abodes simultaneously. Other souls manifest only one form and are present in one of the abodes and not in the other. Souls who during the time of sadhana, worship only Lord Gaura, at the time of attaining perfection go to Lord Gaura’s transcendental abode and eternally serve Him there. Souls who during the time of sadhana worship only Lord Krishna, at the time of attaining perfection go to Lord Krishna’s transcendental abode and serve Him there. Souls who during the time of sadhana worship both Lord Krishna and Lord Gaura, at the time of attaining perfection manifest two spiritual forms and go to both Lord Krishna’s abode and Lord Gaura’s abode, and in their two forms serve the two Lord’s simultaneously in both places. This truth: that Lord Gaura and Lord Krishna are simultaneously one and different from each other, is a very confidential secret.”
††††††† Most of the acaryas in the Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya Parampara of Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu serve both the Lords in both their abodes. Thus by serving these exalted acaryas through the parampara system by executing their instructions and mission, the spiritual aspirant can achieve the association and service of both the Lords in both their abodes in two spiritual bodies. (Purport ends)