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Title: The Holiest Appearance Day of the Supreme Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu

User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2005-03-24 11:41:19


The Holiest Appearance Day of the Supreme Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu

March 25, 2005.

(Fasting till evening till the birth-time of the Lord, and no grains till next morning till the birthday festival of Shrila Jagannatha Mishra)


Song 1 (Varadi raga-Disa)


  Refrain: O! O! O! I place many offerings before Lord Gaura. I sing of the virtues and glorious form of Lord Gaura, who to the whole world freely gave the gift of ecstati spiritual love.


   1. Glory, glory to Shri Krishna Chaitanya and Shri Nityananda! Glory, glory to blissful Advaita Acarya!

   2. Glory to Gadadhara Pandita! Glory to Narahari Thakura! Glory, glory to Shrinivasa, who is worthy to perform pure devotional service!

   3. In my heart I offer respectful obeisances to the dear devotees of Lord Chaitanya.

   4. Now I will speak the stroies of Lord Gaura. Please hear them carefully. In private, Damodara Pandita asked:

   5. Why did Lord Gauranga descend to this world? You give the answer and I will hear it. My heart is filled with bliss to hear that answer.

   6. Why did the Lord turn away from His dark color and accept a fair-colored form? Why, when the holy names are sung, does He roll on the ground and allow His limbs to be covered with dust?

   7. Why did He renounce the garments of a householder and accept sannyasa? Why, alas, did He wander from country to country?

   8. Why did He weep, calling out, "Radha! Radha! Govinda!'? Why, visiting home after home, did He freely give the gift of ecstati love?

   9. Now I will repeat the confidential answers to these questions. Even a fool who hears these answers will be delivered.

   10. Hearing these questions, Murari Gupta said, Please hear, O Pandita. I will answer all your questions.

   11. The dharma-sastras say religion is completely manifest in Satya-yuga. I tell you religion is three-fourths manifest in Treta-yuga.

   12. I tell you religion is half-manifest in Dvapara-yuga and and one-fourth manifest in Kali-yuga. That is the opinion of the dhharma-sastras.

   13. As sin increases, religion wanes. As people neglect their duties, varnasrama wanes.

   14. The Kali-yuga is filled with the blinding darkness of horrible sins. Everyone is drowning in sin. Everyone is devastated by sin.

   15. Seeing no true religion present, the great sage Narada kindly decided to rescue the Kali-yuga.

   16. He thought, "The black snake of Kali-yuga das devoured everything." He thought, "Religion should be established.

   17. "Without Lord Krishna no one has the power to establish religion. Therefore I must quickly bring Lord Krishna to the Kali-yuga.

   18. "What the devotees desire, Lord Krishna also desires always. That is the opinion of the Vedas and Agama-sastras.

   19. "If I, a servant of Lord Krishna, desire to do it, I can bring Lord Krishna to the Kali-yuga.

   20. "First I will observe the activities of Kali-yuga. Then I will bring Lord Krishna, who is religion itself.

   21. "Then I will bring all the demigods. They will be Lord Krishna's associates. They will be His associates, servnats, weapons, and confidential companions."

   22. In this way Narada and the sages, Brahma and the demigods, and Durga and the goddesses all took birth on the earth.

   23. By their expansions the members of the Yadu dynasty in Dvaraka also took birth on the earth.

   24. Now I will tell everything of how the Supreme Lord descended to the earth. Please listen with care.

   25. Gaura-avatara is the best of all avataras. No other avatara is merciful like Him.

   26. Feeling unhappy for the sufferings of others, the great sage Narada sang nectar descriptions of Lord Krishna day and night.

   27. He traveled in the world of birth and death eagerly singing the glories of Lord Krishna, but the people would not listen to Lord Krishna's holy name. They wanted only things of the material world.

   28. Overcome by tasting the sweet nectar of Lord Krishna's glories, Narada spoke with a choked voice. One moment he wept. The next he loudly laughed.

   29. Playing his vina, he sang Lord Krishna's glories. Tears streamed from his eyes. Within and wuthout Narada Muni was plunged in the nectar of Lord Krishna's glories.

   30. His every limâ filled with the bliss of ecstati spiritual love, as he wandered in the material world, Narada did not hear anyone chant the holy name of Lord Krishna.

   31. Sad at heart, the sage was very surprised. He did not see any way to save the people of the world.

   32. Everyone was bitten by the black snake of Kali-yuga. Everyone was always aflame with pride and delusion.

   33. Devoted only to their bellies and genitals, everyone was bewildered. They had forgotten Lord Krishna.

   34. Their hearts were always splashed by greed, illusion, lust, anger, intoxication, and pride. They thought that splashing was just like nectar.

   35. They were needlessly troubled by thoughts of "It is I' and "It is mine'. Who am I? What is mine? That they did not know.

   36. Seeing the unhappy situation of the people, worried Narada began to think within his heart. He thought and thought.

   37. He did not see any way to rescue the people of the horrible Kali-yuga. Wandering and wandering, he finally came to the gate of Dvaraka City.

   38. Lord Krishna, who is the crest jewel of the masters of the demigods, and who is the king of Dvaraka, passed the whole night happily enjoying pastimes in Queen Satyabhama's palace.

   39. When the sun rose He performed His morning duties. Then He hinted that He would visit Queen Rukmini's palace.

   40. Hearing of her good fortune, Queen Rukmini could not keep still. Her every limâ trembled.

   41. She carefully cleaned her palace and then decorated her body with exquisite garments. A band of many different instruments played. Everything was blissful.

   42. At the time of the Lord's auspicious arrival there were many auspicious full waterpots. Many ghee lamps burned.

   43. Overcome with bliss, Mitravinda, Nagnajita, Sussila, and Subala offered arati to the Lord.

   44. Bringing scented water, Queen Rukmini washed the Lord's feet.

   45. Placing the Lord's glorious feet to her breast, with great love Rukmini gazed at her Lord. For a moment she held the Lord's feet at her breast.

   46. Holding the Lord's feet, Rukmini wept. Surprised, Lord Krishna asked:

   47. "I do not know why you weep. Why do you weep? O My queen, please tell Me.

   48. "To Me You are more dear than life. That the whole world knows. Who is more dear than you? Tell Me.

   49. "Did I defame you? Did I not obey your command? You do not speak. O My queen, what wrong did I do?

   50. "Only once did I tease you. You became very unhappy at heart.

   51. "How many times did I earnestly beg forgiveness? Your hard heart never softened."

   52. Hearing these cruel words come from the Lord's mouth, with sweet anger Rukmini said:

   53. "My heart is hard. It is not soft. Still, I am fortunate in one way: You are my very life.

   54. "Your feet are more dear to me than life. Tasting the madhvika nectar of Your feet, even Lord Siva dances, wild with bliss.

   55. "You know the whole world perfectly. Still, You cannot understand the words of one who loves Your feet.

   56. "If You place in Your heart the love Radha' feels for You, then You will understand the love Your devotees feel for You."

   57. Hearing these words, the Lord felt great wonder in His heart. He said: "What did you say? What did you say? O My queen, please say it one more time.

   58. "What you said I did not hear very well. What was it? I did not understand it.

   59. "Hearing your rare words, I feel drawn to you. My heart is filled with wonder.

   60. "What is this rare thing so hard to find in the three worlds? I think it would be very wonderful to hear about it, or perhaps to see it.

   61. "From your mouth I have heard of something even I do not understand. How can I understand the bliss that now fills My heart?

   62. "O My queen, please tell Me about this thing. Tell Me. Tell Me."


   In this way Locana dasa faithfully describes the glories of Lord Krishna's feet.



Song 2 (Dhanasi raga-Dirgha-chanda)



   63. Queen Rukmini said: "O Lord decorated with the jewels of virtues, please listen. In Your heart You cannot understand. Although You know everything else, you cannot understand My explanation of why I weep.

   64. "You do not understand that power that resides in Your lotus feet. Eventually You will take Your feet from My palace and go somewhere else. That is why my heart weeps.

   65. "The fragrance of Your lotus feet fills all directions. Wherever it goes it chases away old age and death. What are day, night, and passing seasons to one who spends his life drinking the honey of Your lotus feet?

   66. "I fall at the feet of anyone who lovingly grasps the ruby lotus of Your feet. Weeping and my heart agitated, I tell You of that person's glories.

   67. "You are the master of all. Who in this world can be the master of You? Anyone who loves your feet and tastes the sweet nectar there I praise before You.

   68. "Radha' alone knows the sweetest nectar of love. She alone tastes the bliss of love. Day and night hearing of the nectar of Her love, how can the devotees not become filled with wonder?

   69. "Brahma and all the demigods and goddesses, including Goddess Lakshmi who serves Your feet, all yearn to taste that nectar of love for You. Goddess Lakshmi, whose hands are like lotus flowers and who is overcome with deep love for You, begs for the nectar of Your lotus feet.

   70. "I am Goddess Rama. I rest on Your chest. I sleep with You in the same bed. I see You face to face. Still I yearn to attain the sweetness at Your feet. Who has the power to describe the glories of Your feet?

   71. "Goddess Lakshmi yerans to attain love for Your feet. Only Radha, who enjoyed pastimes with You in Vrindavana, knows the true glory of Your feet. The path of Her good fortune never ends.

   72. "Radha' fills the world with wonder. With the ropes of Her virtues She binds You. Even now You have not turned away from Her. Your heart pines for Her. The sound of Radha's name makes tears stream from Your eyes. I see that this shows the power of Radha's love for Your feet.

   73. "Now that You are in my house my heart is filled with joy. But I still weep, for we will be separated again. I know this shows the power of Your lotus feet.

   74. "You are the devotees' meditation. You are the devotees' rapt thinking of You in trance. You are the devotees' only friend in every situation. The devotees are Your servant. They yearn to attain Your feet. You are the wonderful great enchantment that charms them.

   75. "Lakshmi is the maidservant at Your feet. She yearns to serve You. You are her master. Her master, You pay no attention to her glorious virtues. By ignoring her it is as if You have pushed an iron spear into her heart.

   76. "Anyone who thirsts to attain the honey of Your lotus feet finds an eternal ocean of honey that will never be lessened or lost. I think Lakshmi and Sarasvati are truly fortunate, for they serve You. They have placed themselves under Your dominion.

   77. "Even from the corner of his eye a devotee will not glance at the four kinds of liberation beginning with salokya-mukti. Plunged in the nectar of ecstati love for You, a devotee will not desire anything but You. Even residence in Vaikuntha or any other glorious place they think unimportant.

   78. "Folding my palms, I beg: O master, please make me a bumblebee at the lotus flower of Your feet. I fear that You will leave me. Weeping, this sinner begs: Please do not leave my palace."

   79. Please listen to Queen Rukmini's description of Lord Krishna's lotus feet. With these words she revealed her pure love for Him. His heart overcome with love, by the Lord's mercy Locana dasa sings the Lord's glories.



Song 3 (Dhanasi raga-Madhya-chanda)



   Refrain: O! O! O! O! O! Please hear more songs about Lord Gaura's glories, songs full of wonderful words, songs that bring auspiciousness to the ears.

   80. Hearing these words of Rukmini, Lord Krishna felt great joy in His heart. He floated in the stream of compassionate tears that flowed from the red lotus flowers of His eyes.

   81. Gently He came close to Rukmini. He sat on His throne, and placed Rukmini on His lap.

   82. With His right hand He touched her chin. He gazed at her. In this way He made great waves in the nectar ocxean of ecstati spiritual love.

   83. He said: "Never have I heard such wonderful words. Never has anyone suggested I should taste the bliss of ecstati love."

   84. At that moment Narada Muni unexpectedly arrived. His face was marked with sorrow. His heart was worried.

   85. Queen Rukmini at once rose and respectfully offered padya and arghya, offered him a seat on the throne, and asked about his welfare.

   86. Lord Krishna also rose, tightly embraced Narada, and greeted him with sweet words.

   87. Tears of love flowed from Narada's eyes. He trembled. His voice was choked up.

   88. The tears from his eyes streamed over his body. He tried to speak. He had no power to say a word.

   89. Lord Krishna asked him: "O sage, please say what is in your heart. Why are you so devastated? What worry fills your heart?

   90. "You are more dear to Me than life. To you I am like your own life. When I see you unhappy I almost fall unconscious."

   91. Narada said: "O Lord, what shall I say? You are the master of all masters. You are the Supersoul in every heart.

   92. "Singing Your glories is my ambrosia food. Eager to tell other of Your glories, I traveled in the world of birth and death.

   93. "As I traveled in the world of birth and death I did not hear the name Krishna. Intoxicated with pride, the people have forgotten You.

   94. "Everyone is bewildered with pride. I saw the people are not interested in Krishna. That is my sorrow.

   95. "I do not see any way to deliver the people. Again and again I think these thoughts.

   96. "Now I have revealed the sorrow in my heart. Only byu the mercy of Your feet can anyone become happy."

   97. Smiling, Lord Krishna said: "Listen, O great sage. You forget what has already happened.

   98. "You forgot that Goddess Katyayani vowed to Lord Sita that she would sitribute My maha-prasada.

   99. "Also, now that I have heard wonderful words from Rukmini, I have become agitated and I also will speak a vow.

   100. "I vow I will taste the ecstasy of spiritual love and I will make the people of the material world taste it also. I will become a humble person in the Kali-yuga.

   101. "Accompnaied by devotees, I will engage in devotional service. I, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, will gite to the people ecstati love for Me.

   102. "I will manifest the sankirtana movement of chanting My glories. In will take birth in Saci's womâ in Navadvipa.

   103. "I will manifest a tall fair form with arms that reach My knees. My peerless form will be glorious like Mount Sumeru.

   104. "Speaking and speaking in this way, Lord Krishna manifested the form of Lord Gaura. Gazing at that form, Narada was overcome with ecstati love.

   105. That form glorious like mount Sumeru was filled with ecstati spiritual love. In this way Locana dasa describes the first time the form of Lord Gaura was manifest.



Song 4 (Shri raga-Disa)



   Refrain: Glory, glory to Lord Gauranga! Alas! Alas! Why do I not taste the nectar of ecstati love for Lord Gauranga?


   106. With a happy heart Narada Muni gazed at Lord Gaura's form. A thousand flooding streams of tears flowed from Narada's eyes.

   107. Lord Gaura's form was glorious like ten million moons or ten million suns. He was more handsome than Kamadeva himself.

   108. Narada had no power to gaze at Lord Gaura's effulgent form. The sage closed his eyes and trembled.

   109. Covering His effulgence, the Lord glanced at Narada and loudly called: "Look, O Narada.

   110. Regaining consciousness, the sage became rapt in meditation on Lord Krishna's form. With thirsty eyes he yearned to see again the form of Lord Gaura.

   111. The Lord said: "Listen, O fortunate sage. You may go wherever you wish. No one can stop you. Wherever you go you will be loved.

   112. "In Sivaloka, Brahmaloka, and the other celestial planets make a proclamation that into the Kali-yuga I will descend in a golden form.

   113. "There I will manifest the sankirtana movement of chanting My holy names and glories. There I will preach the bliss of tasting the nectar of loving devotional service to Me.

   114. "On the path od devotional service there are now hundreds and hundreds of branches. There is no end to the branches. There should be only one branch in the world. Therefore I will preach the glories of ecstati spiritual love (prema).

   115. "Accompnaied by My own associates and devotees, I will take birth on the earth. I descire to engage in loving devotional service (prema-bhakti)."

   116. Hearing these words from the Lord's graceful mouth, Narada felt all his sorrows break into pieces by the mercy of the Lord's feet.

   117. Narada Muni sounded his vina and departed. His thoughts filled with the nectar of these words:

   118. "What I wonderful fair form I saw! What a wonderful form with reddish eyes and great mercy I saw!

   119. "What a form sweeter than nectar I saw! What a sweet smile I saw!

   120. "Of all the avataras, this avatara is the best. Never have I seen such a great glory of ecstati spiritual love.

   121. "On this day my life has borne its fruit. On this day my eyes have borne their fruit. Now I have seen the blissful, glorious, merciful face of Lord Gaura.

   122. "Never have I seen such an ocean of mercy. My heart will never forget Him. My eyes yearn to see HIm."

   123. Thinking and thinking in this way, Narada Muni traveled on the path. Arriving at Naimisharanya, he met his friend Uddhava.

   124. First standing up and then offering padya and arghya, Uddhava fell to the ground like a stick before Narada Muni's feet.

   125. He thought: "I am fortunate. This is an auspicious day. At an auspicious moment I have come to Naimisharanya."

   126. Narada picked up Uddhava, embraced him, kissed him, and smelled his head.

   127. Uddhava offered him a sitting place. Smiling and smiling, he spoke what was in his heart.

   128. He said: "This day is glorious. Now my birth in this world has borne its fruit. Now I will tell you of a desire that has long stayed in my heart.

   129. "Here in Naimisharanya, in ancient days Vyasa compiled the Vedas. Still he could not destroy the illusion in his heart.

   130. "Then, by your mercy, he heard the secret of spiritual life and wrote Shrimad-Bhagavatam to deliver the world.

   131. "You alone know the truth. O master, you know the heart of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Please tell me what will happen in the future.

   132. "My heart yearns to deliver the people of Kali-yuga. In Kali-yuga the poeple are filled with sins. Their eyes and hearts are blind.

   133. "In the Satya, Treta, and Dvapara yugas the people knew religion, but in the horrible Kali-yuga no one knows religion. Everyone is a sinner

   134. "If you feel compassion for me, please destroy my doubts and fears. No one is more compassionate than you."

   135. Smiling with a happy heart, Narada Muni said: "O Uddhava, O servant of Lord Hari, the question you ask is good.

   136. "I will tell you a great secret. In my heart I also felt a great sorrow like yours.

   137. "But now I know the people in Kali-yuga are very fortunate. The people in Kali-yuga are very fortunate. Others are not fortunate like them.

   138. "In Satya-yuga and the other yugas the religion of the age (yuga-dharama, is very harsh. But in Kali-yuga the religion of the age is only chanting the holy nasmes of Lord Hari.

   139. "In Kali-yuga simply by chanting the holy names and glories of Lord Hari the people are released from material bondage. Simply by singing and dancing, they no longer fear Yamaraja.

   140. "Please carefully listen to other wonderful news, news of what in Dvaraka I saw with my own eyes.

   141. "With words like nectar, Lord Krishna told Rukmini: `In My heart I have decided to freely distribute to the people ecstati love for Me.'

   142. "As Lord Krishna, Queen Rukmini on His lap, sat on His throne, I, my heart filled with sorrows, approached Him.

   143. "Seeing that I was sorrowful, Lord Krishna asked me: `As I look at you, I must ask: Why have you become like this?'

   144. "Approaching the lord's feet, I told Him the thoughts in my heart. Happily smiling, the Lord said:

   145. " `Rukmini talk Me the glories of ecstati love for My feet. Hearing her words I, even though I am the Supreme Lord Himself, have become ovewhelmed by the greatness of that love.

   146. " `I will taste the bliss of that ecstati love and I will make the whole world taste it also. Assuming a humble nature, I will manifest in the Kali-yuga.

   147. " `The Kali-yuga is horrible. It is filled with sins. Religion is not present in it. Therefore, becoming humble, I will teach the world.'

   148-149. "Speaking and speaking in this way, Lord Krishna manifested a fair form splendid like gold, a form filled with ecstati spiritual love, a form with a broad chest and two arms that touched His knees. Then He vowed: "I will widely distribute ecstati spiritual love for Me.'

   150. "I tell you: that is what I saw and heard. Now I will travel in the world of birth and death to tell the others.

   151. "Eager to taste the ecstasy of loving devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will take birth on the earth. Manifesting a wonderful form, He will come to the Kali-yuga."

   152. Hearing Narada's words, Uddhava was overcome with ecstasy. Falling at Narada's feet, he wept with joy.

   153. He said: "These wonderful words have placed life into my lifeless body.

   154. "Your words have brought coolness to be feverish body." Sounding his vina, Narada then happily departed.

   155. Hearing this conversation of Narada and Uddhava in the Jaimini-bharata, Locana dasa is now wild with bliss.

   156. If you do not believe my words, then read it yourself in the 32nd chapter of that book.



Song 5 (Bhatiyari raga-Disa)



   Refrain: Lord Gaurachandra is my very life.


   157. Playing his vina, Narada continued his journey. Hearing his description of the Lord's glories, and his heart overcome with bliss, again and again he fell.

   158. One moment he would lament, another moment he would loudly laugh, another moment he would tremble, another moment he would speak with broken words.

   159. Another moment he would loudly call out, another moment he would slap his arms, and another moment he would say, "Gaura! Gaura!" and weep. His heart was overcome with ecstati love.

   160. He had no power to forget Lord Gaura's form, a charming form filled with ecstati love, a glorious form splendid like the sun.

   161. His heart overcome with bliss and love, he had no power even to walk. Even so, in the blinking of an eye he arrived at Lord Siva's abode in Mount Kailasa.

   162. Thinking, "Soon I will see Lord Siva", he was filled with bliss. He thought, "I will tell him of the plan Lord Krishna described.

   163. "There are no such blissful words anywhere in the three worlds. He who is the treasure of Vrindavana will appear in the Kali-yuga.

   164. "The ecstati spiritual love that Brahma, Siva, and Ananta beg to attain, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will distribute in the Kali-yuga to even the lowest of sinners.

   165. "These wonderful words I will tell to Lord Siva. When he hears them he will be very pleased.

   166. "By Goddess Katyayani's mercy I will get the dust of Lord Siva's feet. By the mercy of his feet I will chant the holy names of Lord Hari."

   167. Thinking and thinking in this way, Narada came to the gate of Lord Siva's abode. Seeing him, the bull Nandi, who was like time personified, respectfully stood up.

   168. After offering respectful obeisances, Nandi went to the inner palace where Parvati and Siva stay.

   169. He informed his masters that Narada had come and was waiting at the door. With blissful hearts Parvati and Siva went to greet him.

   170. Seeing them, Narada smiled, said, "O my masters", and fell at their feet. Narada is a very intelligent devotee.

   171. Lord Siva knew very well the glory of a Vaishnava. Narada, filled with ecstati love, was very respectful to Lord Siva.

   172. Lord Siva tightly embraced Narada and made him sit as his own side. Narada happily fell at Goddess Parvati's feet.

   173-174. Affectionate like a mother, Goddess Katyayani asked Narada: "Dear great sage, please tell us of your auspicious and glorious life. You know everything in the fourteen worlds. Your arrival is auspicious. From where have you come?"

   175. Narada replied: "You are our mother and father. Your intent is to deliver the worlds. Please hear these auspicious words.

   176. "A great secret you heard in ancient times you have now forgotten. Grasping your feet, I will now remind you of it.

   177. "I will tell this story from beginning to end. When you hear it I request that you be kind to me.

   178. "In ancient times Uddhava asked Lord Krishna: `When You become invisible, what will happen to the earth?

   179. " `Will any devotees remain on the earth?' Hearing these words, Lord Krishna described the science of yoga.

   180. "He said: `I am water. I am land. I am the earth. I am the trees. I am the dmeigods and gandaharvas. I amd the yaksas ans raksas.

   181. " `I am creation and annihilation. I am the life in all living beings. I am everything. How can I become invisible?'

   182. "Hearing Lord Krishna's words, Uddhava struck his hand to his chest and spoke his heart.

   183. "He said: `Master, You are everything. That I know. Anything separate from You is only suffering.

   184. " `With my mouth I have no power to properly describe the great souls who fall down to offer respects to the gluistening moons that are Your toenails.' "

   185. In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.6.46, Uddhava tells Lord Krishna:




   vaso 'lankara-carcitah

ucchishta-bhijino dasas

   tava mayam jayema hi



   "My dear Lord, the garlands, scented substances, garments, ornaments, and other such things that have been offered to You may later be used by Your servants. By partaking of these things and eating the remnants of food You have left, we will be able to conquer the illusory energy."*


   186. "Uddhava said: `By enjoying the remnants of what You have left, this servant of Lord Hari will conquer your illusory energy. Therefore I yearn to honor what You leave as remnants.'

   187. "When I hear these words Uddhava spoke to Lord Krishna, my heart becomes wild with bliss.

   188. "For so many days I have walked on the path of devotional service. Still, until today I did not know the importance of honoring the Lord's remnants.

   189. "By the power of Lord Krishna's remnants, Uddhava became very powerful. In Lord Krishna's presence he honored the Lord's remnants.

   190. "I never honored the Lord's maha-prasadam in that way. In my heart I thought: `The Lord has cheated me.

   191. " `Then I devised a plan to please Lord Krishna and thus obtain His maha-prasadam remnants.

   192. "Filled with the nectar of these thoughts, I went to Vaikuntha. For many days I served Goddess Lakshmi.

   193. "Pleased, the goddess offered me a boon, She said: `Ask, and I will grant your boon. I vow I will give it.'

   194. "Hearing her words, I repeated the desire of my heart.

   195. "Folding my palms and becoming very serious, I said: `For many days a strong desire has stayed in my heart.

   196. " `Everyone knows that I, Narada, am your servant. Still, I have never tasteed maha-prasadam remnants.

   197. " `Please give me one handful of the Lord's prasadam. That is the boon I wish. I wish that you please place your auspicious glance upon me.'

   198. "Hearing these words, Gopddess Lakshmi was very surprised. She shyly said:

   199. " `The Lord commanded me not to give His remnants to anyone. Still, I will jump over His command and give you some of His remnants.

   200. "Please wait. After some time I will gather the maha-prasadam and give it to you.'

   201. "Understanding my situation, the goddess spoke these sweet words.

   202. "One day, as They were enjoying nectar pastimes, the Lord took the goddess' hand and made her sit by His side.

   203. "Without permission, and her heart trembling in fear, the goddess smiled and sweetly said:

   204. " `I bow down before You and speak this rquest: My heart is afraid. I tremble in fear.

   205. " `O master, please destroy my fear. Please protect Your maidservant. Grasping Your feet, I say: Please listen to these glorious words.'

   206. "As Lakshmi spoke these frightened words, the Lord smiled with surprise and cast a glance at His Sudarsana-cakra

   207. "Sudarsana trembled. In a choked voice he said: `My Lord, Goddess Lakshmi is afraid. I don't know why.'

   208. "Lakshmi said: `It is not Sudarsana's fault. It is Narada's words that make me wither with fear.

   209. " `Although no one knows it, Narada served me for twelve years. Pleased, I spoke to him this vow:

   210. " `Ask a boon, and I will grant it. What I say is the truth. It is the truth. O sage, I vow that I will keep my word.

   211. " `Then Narada asked Your remnants as the boon he wished. How do I have the power to grant that boon? To grant it I must jump over Your command.

   212. " `Those words I spoke have placed me in great danger. O master, please save Your maidservant. Please destroy this calamity that has fallen upon me.'

   213. "Hearing these words, the Lord said: `O Lakshmi, please listen. Your words were a great mistake.

   214. " `Secretly, without My knowledge, you may give My remnants to him.' Hearing the Lord's command, Lakshmi became joyful.

   215. "After some days Goddess Lakshmi, the mother of the worlds, called for me and gave me that maha-prasadam.

   216-217. "In this way, by Goddess Lakshmi's mercy, my desire was fulfilled and I tasted the Lord's wonderful maha-prasadam, prasadam more glorious and effulgent than ten million moons, ten million suns, and ten million Kamadevas.

   218. "Touching that maha-prasadam, I became hundreds of times more glorious and effulgent. Sounding my vina, I happily came to Mount Kailasa.

   219. "Seeing me, Lord Siva asked about me. Smiling, I said: `Today I got something very wonderful.'

   220. "Seeing my wonderful effulgence, Lord Siva was surprised. `How did you get a form like that?', He asked.

   221. "Then I told him the whole story, from beginning to end. Hearing it, Lord Siva scolded me.

   222. "He said: `O sage, you attained that rare maha-prasadam, and you ate it all, and you did not bring any for me!

   223. " `With great love you came here to see me again. Why did you not bring any of that rare treasure?'

   224. "Hearing Lord Siva's words, I became ashamed. I lowered my head. I saw some maha-prasadam still stuck to my fingernail. I placed my finger before Lord Siva.

   225. "I happily offered him that single crumâ of maha-prasadam. He did not hesitate. At once Lord Siva placed the maha-prasadam in his mouth.

   226. "Then saintly Lord Siva began to joyfully dance. With every step he took, the ground shook.

   227. "He became wild with bliss. Mount Sumeru trembled. The earth shook. Fear was everywhere.

   228. "Lord Siva, the great king of yoga, trembled with ecstati love. He forgot himself. His heavy steps pushed the earth down to Rasatalaloka.

   229. "Lord Ananta's hoods now rested on Lord Kurma's back. Sticking His neck out of His shell, Lord Kurma stared at Lord Ananta.

   230. "The elephants bearing the directions bent their necks. The cauldron of the universe began to crack.

   231. "Unable to bear Lord Siva's weight, the earth goddess ran to his city.

   232. "Folding her palms, she approached Goddess Katyayani and said, "Because of the weight of Lord Siva's dancing I will lose my life.

   233. "If you wish to save the world, please stop him. I see the whole world is about to fall into chaos.

   234. "Hearing the earth goddess' anguished words, Goddess Parvati ran to Lord Siva.

   235. "Filled with the nectar of ecstati love, Lord Siva danced. Speaking harsh words, the goddess broke Lord Siva's ecstasy.

   236. "Returning to external consciousness, Lord Siva became sorrowful. Seeing Goddess Parvati, with a hard heart he said:

   237. "What have you done? What have you done? O goddess, it is very wrong. You broke my ecstati trance. Breaking it is like death for me.

   238. " `But for you I have no enemy in the three worlds. Why did you destroy me bliss?"

   239. " `Hearing Lord Siva's anguished words, Goddess Parvati said: `Master, please look at Goddess Earth who now stands before you.

   240. " `The pressure from your feet pushed her down to Rasatalaloka. The material creation is on the verge of destruction. That is why I spoke harshly.

   241. " `I committed an offense. O great master, please forgive my offense.' Smiling, Lord Siva forgave the goddess.

   242. "Then the goddess humbly asked: `O master, please dispel my doubt.

   243. " `Every day You dance, rapt in tasting the nectar of love for Lord Krishna. Why did you today push the earth down to Rasatalaloka?

   244. " `Today your form shines like ten million suns. The material universe cannot bear such brilliant light.

   245. "Why today did you manifest such wonderful endless bliss? O glorious master, please tell me.'

   246. "Lord Siva said: `Please hear the blissful news. Narada Muni gave me some of Lord Narayana's prasadam.

   247. " `Lord Vishnu's prasadam is very rare. It is difficult to find in the three worlds. It is the nectar touched by the Lord's lips. Even the Vedas do not know the glories of the Lord's prasadam.

   248. " `I ate the maha-prasadam offered to the Lord. Now my life has borne its fruit. Today is the auspicious moment of my life.

   249. " `By Narada's mercy I touched the Lord's maha-prasadam.' Lord Siva thus spoke these auspicious, glorious, nectarean words.

   250. "Hearing Lord Siva's words, Goddess Parvati, who is Mahamaya herself, said: `All these days i thought you were a kind and generous person.

   251. " `Your thinking I was like half your body was only a trick. Your love for me was only a pretense.

   252. " `Attaining such rare maha-prasadam, you ate it all yourself. You did not give any to me.'

   253. "Ashamed, Lord Siva said: `O Parvati, you are not worthy to receive such a treasure.'

   254. "Hearing these woprds she became furious and said: `I am called by the name Vaishnavi. I also serve Lord Vishnu with devotion.

   255-256. " `Standing in the assembly of saintly persons I vow that if in His heart Lord Vishnu is merciful to me, then I will give His maha-prasadam to everyone in the three worlds. I vow that even the dogs and jackals will attain that prasadam.'

   257. "Hearing Goddess Katyayani's vow, Lord Narayana, the master of Vaikuntha, came at once.

   258. "Thr goddess respectfully stood and then bowed down. Tears in her eyes, she offered prayers to the Lord.

   259. "Sighing, and her heart overwhelmed, she began to speak." With a joyful heart Locana dasa speaks these words.



Song 6 (Vibhasha raga-Tripadi)



   260. "Lord Narayana gently said: `Goddess, do not be unhappy. What you wish will happen. By your ropes of maya everyone is blinded. Through you I create the world of birth and death.

   261. " `You are My first potency. You know the truth of devotional service. You are My personified material energy. I am never outside of you. Still, I say you are outside of me. The mercy of which you spoke I give to you.

   262. " `The whole world worships Siva and Gauri, thinking them the same as Me. Siva and Gauri are My own forms. When you are pleased at heart, you destroy all illusions. You destroy the illusion that you are independent of Me.

   263. " `I make this vow to you: In the assembly of saintly persons I will freely give you My prasadam remnants. By the sweet fragrance of that maha-prasadam the saints and sages will become free of all material shackles. They will give up their stubbornness in debate.

   264. "Hearing Lord Narayana's words, Goddess Katyayani said: `If in Your heart You are indeed merciful to me, then You must give me Your prasadam remnants. Then every living entity in the world will eat that prasadam. Everyone in the three worlds will easily attain that prasadam.'

   265. "Decorated with the jewels of all virtues, Lord Narayana said, `I will keep My vow. I will tell you an ancient secret, a secret that will destroy all fears of the flames of repeated birth and death.

   266. " `No one knows this secret. When, using Mount Mandara as the churning rod and the serpent Ananta as the rope, the demigods churned the milk ocean, the kalpa-vriksha tree was born from the friction of churning.

   267. " `The kalpa-vriksha grants every desire anyone many ask, every desire in the heart. Whatever opulence a person requests, it grants. It does not turn its face from any reshuest.

   268. " `The kalpa-vriksha tree, which is the glorious, effulgent, and beautiful king of trees, comes from the form of Shri Chaitanya. It is My own form. It is the king of mercy. It has no equal.

   269. " `I will descend to the earth as Shri Chaitanya. I will become a sannyasi. I will enjoy many pastimes. I, the master of the three worlds, will stay on the earth and mercifully preach the truth.

   270. " `Manifesting a humanlike form, I will preach the sankirtana movement in Kali-yuga. My form will be splendid like gold. I will keep My vow. I will preach the highest spiritual love.

   271. " `Now I have revealed My heart to you. Please keep that secret hidden in your heart also. In Kali-yuga I will come as Lord Gaura, the best of incarnations, and with My own glories I will deliver the world.' "

   272. This conversation of Goddess Katyayani and Lord Vishnu is revealed in the Brahma Purana, Utkala-khanda. King Prataparudra, who is an ocean of transcendental virtues, distributed many copies of this passage,

   273. Smiling and smiling, Narada MUni said, "Why should you not remember these words in your heart? The Supreme Lord commanded me to announce that He will descend to the earth in the Kali-yuga.

   274. "Arriving in the Kali-yuga, He will take birth on the earth. Thus the master of all the worlds will take birth in a brahmana family. He will be surrounded by His personal associates."

   275. Hearing Narada's words, Goddess Katyayani and Lord Siva became joyful. Lord Siva's abode became filleed with bliss. Everyone called out, "Hari! Hari!" A great tumult of blissful sounds arose.

   276. Sounding his vina, Narada Muni departed. The sound of his vina was sweet like nectar. It was a stream of nectar that filled every ear. It delighted the hearts of the people in the three worlds.

   277. Forgeting himself, Narada had no power to walk. His face was red with ecstati love. Although his forehead was covered with drop after drop of perspiration, he did not feel tired from traveling. In this way he came to the demigod Brahma's abode.

   278. Seeing him, Brahma was both very afraid and very delighted at heart. Brahma rose to greet him. Falling at Brahma's feet, Narada offered obeisances. Brahma picked him up and embraced him.

   279. Brahma asked about his welfare. He said, "I think your arrival is auspicious. For a long time I have wished to see you. That desire was in my heart. Now I see your glorious face. Now I will proclaim the secret of your good fortune."

   280. "When the nectar words flow from your mouth and enter my ear, my feverish heart will become cool. Please speak, and I will listen. Please speak of the worlds you visited. Please sing songs glorifying the Supreme Lord. Whom did you see? What did you hear?

   281. In this way Brahma spoke. Narada was overcome. His lips trembled. His limbs swayed. Tears streamed from his eyes. His face was red. By seeing this, the bliss at the beginning of his words became doubled.

   282. He said: "Please hear very wonderful words. You are the creator of the whole material world. From your name teh world brahmanda (the material universe, has come. The different yuga-dharmas (religion for the ages, are appropriate for their respective yugas. In Kali-yuga sin is very powerful.

   283. "At Dvapara-yuga's end the people become filled with suffering and grief. I thought: `Kali-yuga will soon come. In my heart I will suffer greatly. I will go to the Lord. I will ask Him about it."

   284. "I will ask Him: `O Lord, please tell me how to deliver the sinful people in the Kali-yuga. In Kali-yuga the brahmanas do not study the Vedas, and everyone is impious. This great doubt stays in my heart.'

   285. "Hearing my anguished words, the Supreme Lord, who is a jewel of transcendental virtues, said, `Throw all these worries far away from your heart. I will deliver the people of Kali-yuga. I will teach them devotion to Me. I will descend in the Kali-yuga.

   286. " `The benefits that come from charity, vows, austerities, varnasrama-dharma, and pious deeds all come from chanting Lord Hari's holy names. You will see that Kali-yuga is full of faults. Still, you should write that it has one great virtue: Simply by performing sankirtana of chanting My holy names and glorifying Me the conditioned souls are released from the prison house of repeated birth and death.

   287. " `Tell this to Siva, Brahma, and the others. Tell them they should all take birth in the Kali-yuga. Manifesting a form of mercy personified, I will also take birth on the earth. Manifesting My form of Lord Gaura, I will enter the Kali-yuga.' "



Song 7 (Subha-chanda, (Pahida raga-Disa



   Refrain: Glory, glory to the moon of Lord Gauranga, a moon that has risen in Nadiya during the Kali-yuga. Please hear these words: My master is never defeated. His glories fill the three worlds with light. O! O! O! O! Please hear these words: Lord Gaurangacandra will never be defeated.


   288. When he heard these words, the nectar sprout of ecstati love grew in Brahma's heart.

   289. Tears streamed down Brahma's cheeks. Overcome with bliss, he placed Narada on his lap.

   290. Brahma said: "Please hear, O great sage. By your mercy my heart is now filled with bliss.

   291. "The people are shackled by maya. They are blind with desire for material sense objects. By your mercy they can become free of those shackles.

   292. "Your only concern is to deliver the people. I will tell something that happened to me.

   293. "Sanaka and my other saintly sons approached me and aspoke.

   294. "They said to me: `You are the Supreme Lord's dear son. We have some questions. Please answer them.

   295. " `The Supreme Lord is inconceivable, eternal, spiritual, eternally blissful, the most subtle, the master of all masters, all-pervading, and religion personified.

   296. " `He is limitless, free from the material modes, untouched by matter, and without any material form. No intelligence can find His beginning, middle, or end.

   297. " `Still the Lord takes birth on the earth. Although He is unborn, He is born and dies according to the laws of matter.

   298. " `In Vrindavana forest He enjoys the rasa dance with the gopis. He acts as if He were a lusty conditioned soul eager to taste the nectar of sexual pleasures.

   299. " `He is the Supersoul present in all living entities, male or female. Why, unsatisfied with that role, does He become the lover of young girls?

   300. " `This great doubt stays in our hearts. O Brahma, please describe to us the truth. Please sweep this rubbish doubt from our hearts.'

   301. "Hearing this doubt expressed by Sanaka and the sages, I felt great wonder in my heart.

   302. "My heart became anxious, and sadness marked my face. The Supreme Lord's actions were beyond my understanding.

   303. "The Supreme Lord's actions lie on the father shore of the ocean of Vedanta. Who understands them? Hundreds and hundreds of Brahma's know as little as I.

   304. "As I expressed these thoughts to them, the Supreme Lord, manifesting the form of a swan, came before me.

   305. "In that form the Lord explained to me the four nutshell verses of Shrimad-Bhagavatam. Then I gave that explanation to the sages.

   306. "The sages became satisfied and the doubt in their hearts went to its destruction.

   307. "To me these four nutshell verses are like a great reservoir of nectar. No one in this material universe truly understands them.

   308. "Writing the Mahabharata and the Puranas, Vyasa stayed for many days at Naimisharanya.

   309. "Even arfter he had written these books the sadness in his heart would not disperse.

   310. "In the middle of the forest Vyasa became distraught. When the Supreme Lord became aware of all this, com,passion took birth in His heart.

   311. "Summoning me, the Supreme Lord gave me the four nutshell verses and said to me: `Take the four nutshell verses and go to Vyasa.

   312. " `Vyasa does not understand the truth of My activities. Following these four nutshell verses He should write Shrimad-Bhagavatam.

   313. " `You then explain the Shrimad-Bhagavatam to Narada. Goddess Sarasvati will speak using his tnogue.'

   314. "Now I will tell you something. Please listen, O best of the sages. Yuga after yuga please be merciful to all living entities.

   315. "You are a great soul whose only interest is the deliverance of other souls. Shrimad-Bhagavatam is a sublime scripture. There is no treasure like it.

   316. "Shrimad-Bhagavatam is perfectly spiritual. Matter never touches it. Fools do not understand this truth.

   317. "In Shrimad-Bhagavatam, at the time of Garga MUni's performing Lord Krishna's name-giving ceremony, the Lord Krishna's incarnations are described.

   318. "In that passage ofShrimad-Bhagavatam Garga MUni describes the Lord's incarnations in the four yugas. He says (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.13):


319. asan varnas trayo hy asya

   grihnato 'nu-yugam tanuh

suklo raktas tatha pita

   idanim krishnatam gatah



   " `Your son Krishna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past He assumed three different colors-white, red, and yellow-and now He has appeared in a blackish color.'*


   320. "In Satya-yuga the Lord appeared in a white color. In Treta-yuga His form was red and His name Yajna.

   321. "As Nanda's son He has a black color. That leaves only the color yellow remaining.

   322. "The sequence of the descriptions in this verse leaves some readers in doubt. They think there are four yugas and the Lord's incarnations have only three colors.

   323. "Actually this verse describes four colors. The colors are white, red, yellow, and black. These colors are manifested in the course of the four yugas. They are not all manifest in one yuga.

   324. "now we will consider this question: In what yuga does Lord Gaura manifest? This doubt is not quickly resolved with only a few words.

   325. "Now I will explain this truth. Please listen. Even fools will be able to understand the truth from my words.

   326. "In Shrimad-Bhagavatam's Eleventh Canto 11.5.19, Maharaja Nimi asks Karabhajana Muni:


327. kasmin kale sa bhagavan

   kim varnah kidrisaih nribhih

namna va kena vidhina

   pujyate tad ihocyatam



   "What colors does the Supreme Personality of Godhead assume in the different yugas? What are His names? By what process and by what kind of people is He worshiped. Please describe all this.' "


   328. This verse says: What colors does the Supreme Personality of Godhead manifest in the different yugas? What are His names in the different yugas?

   329. By what religious process do what kind of people worship Him in the different yugas? By what actions is He satisfied?

   330. "To these questions Karabhajana Muni replied (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.20-22):



kritam treta dvaparam ca

   kalir ity eshu kesavah


   nanaiva vidhinejyate



   " `In the Satya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali yugas Lord Krishna manifests in different forms with different colors and He is worshiped in different ways.


331. krite suklas catur-bahur

   jatilo valkalambarah


   bibhrad danda-kamandalu



   " `In Satya-yuga the Lord appeared in a body colored white with four arms and matted hair. He wore tree bark and bore a black antelope skin. He wore a sacred thread and a garland of rudraksha beads. He carried a rod and a waterpot, and He was a brahmacari.'*


332. manushyas tu tada santa

   nirvairah suhrdah samah

yajanti tapasa devam

   samena ca damena ca



   " `In that yuga the peaceful, non-envious, friendly, equipoised people worship the Lord by controlling their minds and senses.'


   333. In these verses Karabhajana Muni tells Maharaja Nimi: Please listen carefully. How is the Lord worshiped in the Satya-yuga and the other yugas?

   334. In the Satya-yuga the Lord has a white complexion and His name is Hamsa. He has four arms, matted hair, and tree-bark garments. His process of religion is the performance of austerities.

   335. He has a danda, kamandalu, black deerskin, and sacred thread. The people then are by nature peaceful, non-envious, and equipoised.

   336. "The Lord's incarnation in the Treta-yuga is described in these words of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.24-25):



tretayam rakta-varno 'sau

   catur-bahus tri-mekhalah

hiranya-kesas trayy-atma




   "In Treta-yuga the Lord appeared in a body that had a reddish hue and four arms. There were three distinctive lines on His abdomen, and His hair was golden. His form manifested the Vedi knowledge, and He bore the symbols of a sacrificial spoon, ladle, and so on.'*


337. tam tada manuja devam

   sarva-devamayam harim

yajanti vidyaya trayya

   dharmishtha brahma-vadinah



   "With the knowledge of the three Vedas the religious and spiritual people in that yuga perform yajnas to worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who contains within Himself all the demigods.


   338. These verses mean: In the Treta-yuga the Lord has a red color, four arms, and a triple belt. He carries a sruk and srava in His hands.

   339. The hair on His head is the color of molten gold. The Supreme Lord, within whom all the demigods are manifest, is worshiped by performance of yajna.

   340. The Lord is the three vedas personified. Therefore His name is Yajna. The people who know the truth of religion worship Him according to the religious rules described in the Vedas.

   341. "The Lord's incarnation in the Dvapara-yuga is described in these words of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.27, 28, and 31):



dvapare bhagavan syamah

   pita-vasa nijayudhah

shrivatsadibhir ankais ca

   lakshanair upalakshitah



   " `In the Dvapara-yuga the Personality of Godhead appears in a blackish hue. He is dressed in yellow, He holds His own weapons, and He is decorated with the Kaustubha jewel and marks of Shrivatsa. That is how His symptoms are described.'*


342. tam tada purusham martya


yajanti veda-tantrabhyam

   param jijnasavo nripa



   " `O king, following the Vedas and Tantras, persons who yearn to know the Supreme worship Him as a king in the Dvapara-yuga.


343. iti dvapara urv-isa

   stuvanti jagad-isvaram


   kalat api tatha shrinu



   " `O king, in this way the people in Dvapara-yuga glorify the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Following the various Tantras, the people in Kali-yuga also glorify the Lord in that way.' "


   344. These verses mean: In Dvapara-yuga the Supreme Personality of Godhead has a black color. He has the Shrivatsa and Kaustubha jewel. Yellow garments are on His body.

   345. Bearing the qualities of a king of kings, He is glorious. Persons who are fortunate worship Him according to the rules on the Vedas and Tantras.

   346. In every yuga the Supreme Lord appears as a yuga-avatara. The Lord thus induces the people of each yuga to follow the appropriate yuga-dharma.

   347.The three yugas Satya, Treta, and Dvapara have already passed. In these yugas the Lord's color was first white, then red, and then black.

   348. The sage explained that the Lord manifested these three colors in these three yugas. Please carefully hear these words of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.32,:


349. krishna-varnam tvishakrishnam


yajnaih sankirtana-prayair

   yajanti hi su-medhasah



   "In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregation chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead who constantly sings the name of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions.' "*


   350. In this verse of Shrimad-Bhagavatam the word "krishna-varna" means "the two syllable Krishna".

   351. Now everyone please hear the explanation of the word "akrishnam", which means "of light color". This word refers to Lord Gaura.

   352. The word "sangopangastra-parshadam" means "Accompanied by His associates, the Lord descends to this world".

   353. Here the word "anga" refers to Lord Balarama, and the word "upanga" refers to the Lord's ornaments.

   354. The word "astra" refers to the Lord's Sudarsana-cakra and other weapons. The word "parshadam" refers to Prahlada, Narada, and all the other personal associates of the Lord.

   355. The devotees who were the Lord's servants and maidservants when He previously descended to the material world again become His angas and upangas when He descends as Lord Gaura.

   356. Someone will describe all these great Vaishnavas and tell what there names are in Lord Krishna's pastimes.

   357. The common people will not undwerstand these descriptions. How will the lowly people believe them?

   358. For this reason Karabhajana Muni said only intelligent people (sumedhasah, will understand.

   359. Sankirtana (congregational chanting of the Lord's holy names, is the yuga-dharma in Kali-yuga. Intelligent people will delight in sankirtana.

   360. Now I will explain to you what the ordinary people do not understand: Why in Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.13 only three colors are given to describe the Lord's incarnations in the four yugas.

   361. In Shrimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.32 the word "Krishna-varnam" may mean either "He whose color is black" or "He whose name is Krishna". A different color is not seen in these two (Dvapara and Kali, yugas.

   362. In the two yugas Dvapara and Kali the Lord's incarnation has the same color. The Lord's incarnations have the same color in these two yugas. That is the heart of the explanation.

   363. In Satya and Treta yugas the Lord's ioncarnations have a red and whote color respectively. In Dvapara and Kali yugas the Lord's incarnations both have the same color.

   364. Why is the sequence of colors broken in Garga Muni's description? The sequence is not broken. Please very happilyhear my explanation.

   365. This description refers to past, present, and future. The four yugas here fit into these three phases of time.

   366. In this verse of Shrimad-Bhagavatam the Satya and Treta yugas are in the past, and the Dvapara-yuga is in the present. In Dvapara-yuga Lord Krishna's incarnation bears the name Krishna.

   367. By speaking the word "idanim" (now, in this verse garga Muni refers to the near future.

   368. I say that the use of the present here is truly intended to refer to the near future.

   369. Sanskrit panditas agree that the present may be unsed to refer to the near future. The near future is then hinted in this verse.

   370. In this verse Garga Muni uses the word "tatha" (in that way). Why, after describing the Lord's white and red incarnations, does Garga Muni then use the word "tatha".

   371. The word "tatha" is used here to mean: As (yatha, the Lord previously appeared in white and red incarnations, in the same way (tatha, Lord Krishna will appear in a yellow color in Kali-yuga.

   372. At the present, in the Dvapara-yuga, the Lord has appeared in a black color. In this way Garga Muni's description of the Lord's incarnations in the four yugas makes reference to the three phases of time.

   373. If someone does not accept my explanation then he must say why Shrimad-Bhagavatam uses the word "tatha" in this verse.

   374. I will now explain all this. Please hear my words. I, Locana dasa, will explain. Please do not ignore my words.

   375. Please hear another wonderful explanation of this verse. This explanation is the most conclusive evidence.

   376. Here someone may lodge a surprising protest. He may claim that because He is a yuga-avatara, Lord Krishna cannot be the original Supreme Personality of Godhead, the source of all incarnations.

   377. In truth it is said in Shrimad-Bhagavatam that the other yuga-avatara are all pleanry portions (amsa, or portions opf the plenary portions of Lord Krishna, and Lord Krishna Himself is the original Supreme Personality of Godhead.

   378. This explanation is found in these words of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (1.3.28,:



ete camsa-kalah pumsah

   krishnas tu bhagavan svayam

indrari-vyakulam lokam

   mridayanti yuge yuge



   " `All the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portuions or portions of the plenary portions of thse Lord, but Lord Shri Krishna is the original Personality of Godhead. All of Them appear on planets whenever there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists.'*


   379. Why do I say that Lord Krishna is a yuga-avatara? Why does Shrimad-Bhagavatam refer to Him as a yuga-avatara?

   380. Lord Krishna, the moon of Vrindavana, is not a mere yuga-avatara. Rather He is the prefect and complete original Supreme Personality of Godhead. That Shrimad-Bhagavatam says.

   381. Now I will explain why Lord Krishna is the original Supreme Personality of Godhead. Please do not mock me. Listen carefully.

   382. In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.13, it is said:


asan varnas trayo hy asya

   grihnato 'nu-yugam tanuh

suklo raktas tatha pita

   idanim krishnatam gatah



   " `Your son Krishna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past He assumed three different colors-white, red, and yellow-and now He has appeared in a blackish color.'*


   383. In this verse Garga Muni speaks very profound truths. How can I explain those truths? I am only a fool.

   384. If one is intelligent he becomes a devotee of the Lord. Only intelligent people can understand the truths given in Shrimad-Bhagavatam.

   385. Garga MUni explained that in each of the four yugas the Lord appears in incarnations of four different colors. In discussing these different yugas Garga Muni refers to the three phases of time: past, present, and future.

   386. Thus in this verse Vyasa describes the four yugas according to the three phases of time.

   387. He says that in the four yugas: Satya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali, the Lord descends as avataras that are white, red, yellow, and black.

   388. The four yugas are all mentioned here, but only three of the yuga-avataras are mentioned in this verse.

   389. The intention here is that as there are four yugas, so there are also four yuga-avataras.

   390. Thus it may be seen thast in this verse the sequence of the avataras is interrupted. The truth is that by speaking the word "tatha" (in the same way, Garga Muni hints at the appearance of the Lord's avatara in the future.

   391. Who are the yuga-avataras? They are described as having four colors. Who is the avatar.i (the origin of the avataras)? That we must consider.

   392. Lord Krishna, who descended to the earth and took birth in the Yadu dynasty, is the avatari. All the other avataras are plenary portions of Him.

   393. Someone may doubt: Why make a distinction between the avatara and the source of