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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Holy Days of the Year > Holy Days > Shrila Mukunda Datta

Title: Shrila Mukunda Datta

User: Swami Gaurangapada Date: 2006-06-11 08:33:24


MUKUNDA DATTA, the son of Vasudeva Datta, was a classmate of Lord

Chaitanya's. Mukunda Datta had a melodious voice, and he knew the intricacies

of musical meters and ragas. Lord Chaitanya took sannyasa amidst Mukunda

Datta's kirtana.

(See Shri Chaitanya- charitamrita, Adi-lila 10.40 and 17.65)


Shri Chaitanya Caritamrita Adi 10.40


shri-mukunda-datta sakha -- prabhura samadhyayi


yanhara kirtane nace chaitanya-gosani




shri-mukunda-datta -- Shri Mukunda Datta; sakha -- another branch; prabhura --

of Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; samadhyayi -- class friend; yanhara --

whose; kirtane -- in sankirtana; nace -- dances; chaitanya-gosani -- Shri

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.




Mukunda Datta, a class friend of Lord Chaitanya's, was another branch of the

Chaitanya tree. Lord Chaitanya danced while he sang.




Shri Mukunda Datta was born in the Cattagrama district, in the village of

Chanhara, which is under the jurisdiction of the police station named

Patiya. This village is situated ten krosas, or about twenty miles, from the

home of Pundarika Vidyanidhi. In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (140) it is



vraje sthitau gayakau yau madhukantha-madhuvratau


mukunda-vasudevau tau dattau gauranga-gayakau


"In Vraja there were two very nice singers named Madhukantha and Madhuvrata.

They appeared in chaitanya-lila as Mukunda and Vasudeva Datta, who were

singers in the society of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu." When Lord Chaitanya was

a student, Mukunda Datta was His class friend, and they frequently engaged

in logical arguments. Sometimes Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu would fight with

Mukunda Datta, using tricks of logic. This is described in the

Chaitanya-bhagavata, Adi-khanda, Chapters Eleven and Twelve. When Lord

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu returned from Gaya, Mukunda Datta gave Him pleasure by

reciting verses from Shrimad-Bhagavatam about krishna-lila. It was by his

endeavor that Gadadhara Pandita Gosvami became a disciple of Pundarika

Vidyanidhi, as stated in Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-khanda, Chapter

Seven. When Mukunda Datta sang in the courtyard of Shrivasa Prabhu,

Mahaprabhu danced with His singing, and when Lord Chaitanya for twenty-one

hours exhibited an ecstatic manifestation known as sata-prahariya, Mukunda

Datta inaugurated the function by singing.


Sometimes Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu chastised Mukunda Datta by calling him

khadajathiya beta because he attended many functions held by different

classes of nondevotees. This is stated in the Chaitanya-bhagavata,

Madhya-khanda, Chapter Ten. When Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu dressed Himself as

the goddess of fortune to dance in the house of Candrasekhara, Mukunda Datta

began the first song.


Before disclosing His desire to take the renounced order of life, Lord

Chaitanya first went to the house of Mukunda Datta, but at that time Mukunda

Datta requested Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to continue His sankirtana movement

for a few days more before taking sannyasa. This is stated in the

Chaitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-khanda, Chapter Twenty-six. The information of

Lord Chaitanya's accepting the renounced order was made known to Gadadhara

Pandita, Candrasekhara Acarya and Mukunda Datta by Nityananda Prabhu, and

therefore all of them went to Katwa and arranged for kirtana and all the

paraphernalia for Lord Chaitanya's acceptance of sannyasa. After the Lord

took sannyasa, they all followed Him, especially Shri Nityananda Prabhu,

Gadadhara Prabhu and Govinda, who followed Him all the way to

Purushottama-kshetra. In this connection one may refer to Shri

Chaitanya-bhagavata, Antya-khanda, Chapter Two. In the place known as

Jalesvara, Nityananda Prabhu broke the sannyasa rod of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Mukunda Datta was also present at that time. He went every year from Bengal

to see Lord Chaitanya at Jagannatha Puri.



Shri Chaitanya Caritamrita Adi 17.65


mukunda-dattere kaila danda-parasada


khandila tahara cittera saba avasada




mukunda-dattere -- unto Mukunda Datta; kaila -- did; danda -- punishment;

parasada -- benediction; khandila -- vanquished; tahara -- his; cittera --

of the mind; saba -- all kinds of; avasada -- depressions.




Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu blessed Mukunda Datta with punishment and in

that way vanquished all his mental depression.




Mukunda Datta was once forbidden to enter the association of Shri Chaitanya

Mahaprabhu because of his mixing with the Mayavadi impersonalists. When Lord

Chaitanya manifested His maha-prakasa, He called all the devotees one after

another and blessed them, while Mukunda Datta stood outside the door. The

devotees informed the Lord that Mukunda Datta was waiting outside, but the

Lord replied, "I shall not soon be pleased with Mukunda Datta, for though he

explains devotional service among devotees, he then goes to Mayavadis to

hear from them the Yoga-vasishtha-ramayana, which is full of Mayavada

philosophy. For this I am greatly displeased with him." Hearing the Lord

speak in that way, Mukunda Datta, standing outside, was exceedingly glad

that the Lord would at some time be pleased with him, although He was not

pleased at that moment. But when the Lord understood that Mukunda Datta was

going to give up the association of the Mayavadis for good, He was pleased,

and He at once called to see Mukunda. Thus He delivered him from the

association of the Mayavadis and gave him the association of pure devotees.