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Title: Lord Chaitanya And The Acharyas On 64 Rounds
User: Damodara Svarupa dasa Date: 2005-02-22 07:17:11
Lord Chaitanya And The Acharyas On 64 Rounds -- By Swami Gaurangapada
The perfection of life is to get the degree of laksesvara from Lord
Chaitanya those who don't chant 100,000 names daily will develop
material desires and become incapable of serving even the most
merciful & liberal incarnation of the Lord according to Shrila
(1) prabhu bale,-"jana, 'laksesvara' bali kare?
prati-dina laksa-nama ye grahana kare"
In the Chaitanya-bhagavata Madhya Khanda 9.121-122, Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu instructed us on whose worship and service He will accept:
"Do you know who is a laksesvara? He is someone who chants one laksa,
or one hundred thousand holy names (sixty-four rounds of the Hare
Krishna maha-mantra) everyday."
[NOTE: THE FOLLOWING ARE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PURPORTS (IMHO) OF
SRILA SARASVATI THAKURA IN ALL HIS GAUDIYA BHASYAS SINCE IT HAS BEEN
INCLUDED IN HIS FINAL UPADESHAVALI. THAT IS WHY THE ORIGINAL BENGALI
shri gaurasundera balibena - "jini pratidina laksanama grahana
karibena, tanharai grhe bhagavan sevita hana."
Shri Gaurasundara spoke as follows - "The Supreme Personality of
Godhead accepts service only in the home of those who chant one
hundred thousand names daily.
bhagavan tanharai nikate bhoga-dravyadi grahana karena.
"The Lord accepts bhoga (foodstuffs) and other ingredients only from
jini laksanama grahana karena na, tahara nikate haite bhagavan
naivedya svikara-dvara seva-saubhagya pradana karena na.
"Those who don't chant one hundred thousand names daily, are never
awarded the great fortune of rendering service to the Lord by
offering Him naivedya (bhoga). This is because never accepts
(svikara) their offerings."
bhagavad-bhakta matrei pratyaha laksa-nama grahana karibena natuva
vividha visaye asakta haiya bhagavad-seva karite asamartha haibena.
The Lord continued - "Those who consider themselves devotees of the
Lord must compulsorily chant 100,000 names everyday otherwise they
will gradually but surely become attached to varieties of sense-
objects and thus become incapable to rendering any kind of service to
tajjanyai shri chaitanyadevera ashrita sakalai nyunkalpe laksanama
grahana kariya thakena. natuva gaurasunderera udesya pradatta
naivedya tini grahana karibena na.
(Shrila Sarasvati Thakura continues) Therefore all the devotees who
have taken shelter of Lord Chaitanyadeva perform the chanting of
100,000 names of Krishna daily as their first and primary duty. Because
they know that if they don't do so then Lord Gaurasundera will never
accept the very bhoga (naivedya) which they will cook for Him daily.
(2) "se janera nama ami bali 'laksesvara' tatha bhiksa amara, na yai
"I call such a person a laksesvara. I only accept meals in that
person's house. I never go anywhere else."
PURPORT BY SRILA SARASVATI THAKURA:
shri chaitanya bhaktagana abhaktera sahita sambhasana karena na. jini
bhaktivyatita karma, jnana o anyabhilasara kathaya pradatta tahara
sahita bandhutva karibe na.
The devotees of Lord Shri Chaitanya never talk with such non-devotees.
They never do friendship with those who are engaged in the
cultivation of karma,jnana or other desires which are devoid of
[Note: Shrila Sarasvati Thakura indicates that those who do not chant
laksa-nama daily get engaged in karma,jnana, material desires and
gradually become non-devotees. The next line is even more clear.]
pratyah laksa-nama grahana na karile patita vyaktiganera visaya-bhoga
pravrtti vrddhi paya; takhana ara tahara shri gaurasunderarera seva
karite pare na.
Those who don't accept this vow of chanting 100,000 names daily, they
fallen down even more although they were fallen in the first place
(due to contamination of Kali-yuga). Thus their propensity for
enjoying the senses and sense-objects increases and ultimately they
are not able to render any kind of service to Lord Gaurasundera.
[Note: Shrila Sarasvati has conclusively established here that those
who don't chant laksa-nama daily are absolutely sure to fall down
even from the service of the merciful Lord Gaurasundera in due course
of time. Then what to speak of rendering service to Their Lordships
Radha & Krishna]
laksesvara vyatita gaura-bhaktira adarsa gaudiyajana kehai svikara
That is the precise reason why the real Gaudiya-bhaktas do not accept
any other ideal (adarsa) in Gaura-bhakti except the process of
chanting 100,000 names daily.
adhapatita va adhapete gana eka-matra bhajana-sabda-vacya shri-nama-
bhajane vimukhata-vasata laksa-nama grahana karibara parivarte
anyabhajanera chalana korena, taddvara tahadera kona mangala haya na.
Those spiritual aspirants who are already fallen or will fall in the
future are averse to this sole means of deliverance called nama-
bhajana which is also the worship of the sound incarnation of God in
the form of chanting 100,000 names daily. Coming under the sway of
their averseness to chant laksa-nama daily, they duplicitously invent
other means of devotional service to justify their not chanting laksa-
nama but it is to be understood that by this action they will not
achieve anything auspicious in their life.
[Note: This final statement is so crystal clear, straight and
(3) prabhu bole,-"kahilan ei mahamantra; iha japa giya sabe koriya
In Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata Madhya Khanda 23.77, Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu instructed all the people of Navadvipa:
"Please hear this Hare Krishna maha-mantra. Everyone please chant
this maha-mantra daily in 'nirbandha'* . Then one will surely achieve
[*Thakura Bhaktivinoda explains in his book Hari-nama-cintamani that
caribara mala phirile eka grantha haya.
eka grantha niyama kariya kramasah vrddhi karite karite 16 granthe
eka laksa nama nirbandha haibe.
One round (on mala, 108 beads) = 108 times the full Hare Krishna maha-
mantra One grantha= 4 rounds (malas)
One nirbandha = 16 granthas
= 64 rounds of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra
= 100,000 total names of Hare, Krishna & Rama
Samasta purva mahajanagana prabhura ei adesa palana kariya
sarva-siddhi labha kariyachilena.
All the previous mahajanas (great devotees) without exception have
achieved success only through this process of chanting the Hare Krishna
maha-mantra in atleast one nirbandha (64 rounds) daily.
[Note: So according to Thakura Bhaktivinoda, Lord Chaitanya is
requesting everyone to chant atleast one nirbandha (64 rounds) of the
Hare Krishna everyday to ensure the achievement of perfection in this
harinama-sankirtana yajna in Kali-yuga.]
SRILA BHAKTISIDDHANTA SARASVATI THAKURA IN UPADESHAVALI:
22. Bhagavan will not accept anything which is offered by a person
who doesn't chant Harinama one-hundred thousand times daily and such
a person is considered a 'patita'.
23. By sincerely endeavoring to chant Harinama without offences and
remaining fixed in chanting constantly, one's offences will fade and
pure Harinama will arise on the tongue.
Shrila Bhakti Promod Puri Goswami Maharaja about his guru Om Vishnupada
Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada:
"Unfailingly as a daily vow, he used to chant one lakh Names of the
Lord (64 rounds) and his instruction to all his disciples was to do
likewise. Keeping this vow intact, he would allot his times
incredibly to cover all his preaching schedules and literary work,
being a source of inspiration to all who came in contact with him."
Those who have chanted laksa hari-nama for fifteen or twenty years
should know such things (rasa-sastra). The beginners need not hear
these topics or they will misunderstand.' (Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta
Sarasvati Thakura, From an article in The Gaudiya, 1934)
SRILA BHAKTIVINODA THAKURA
Sadhu-vrtti, Sajjana Tosani 11/12:
tinei sad-grhastha -- jini pratyah laksa-nama grahana karena, tanhara
grhei suddha-vaishnavagana prasada grahana karibena
Only those devotees are sad-grhasthas who chant 100,000 names of
Krishna daily. And the pure devotees should accept prasada only in the
homes of these sad-grhasthas.
[Note: Since Lord Chaitanya accepts the bhoga of only those grhasthas
who chant 100,000 names daily, thus pure devotees should accept
prasada only in the homes of such grhasthas.]
mane habe-aja laksa nama ye kariba
krame krame tina laksa nama ye smariba
mahagraha habe citta namera samkhyaya
acire yabe jadya sadhura krpaya
In the Hari-nama-cintamani it is said:
"When one's mind desires to chant and remember one hundred thousand
holy names (64 rounds) daily and furthur desires to slowly increase
it to three hundred thousand and when my mind becomes very attached
and eager to complete the fixed number of rounds (sankhya) and pushes
me to complete the sankhya everday, then it is understood that very
soon the laziness or apathy in chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra
will vanish by the mercy of the sadhus and my chanting will bring me
the desired fruit of pure love for Krishna."
In Bhajana-pranali, Hari-nama-cintamani it is said:
Samkhya koriya tulasira malaya namasnarana ba kirtanai upasana. Sei
upasana-kramai sakala labhera mula. Sutaranga prathame atyalpakala
nirjjane ekagra haiya nama koribe. Krame namasamkhya vrddhi korite
korite namanusilanera nairantarjya evam visaya-pratibaddhakera ksaya
The upasana or the method of worship to achieve prema is to chant and
remember the name of Krishna on tulasi beads. This worship gradually
becomes the root cause for all auspicious achievements. That is why
in the beginning one should sit down in a solitary place for a very
short period and chant the name with concentration. Gradually one
should increase the number of rounds (as given in the above verse).
Then gradually the cultivation of the name will become continuous
then all the obstacles and material desires will be destroyed.
[Note: As per the above statement by Thakura Bhaktivinoda it is clear
that without gradually increasing the chanting upto the point of
chanting continuously (atleast 64 rounds), the obstacles on our
spiritual path will never be removed.]
In the Jaiva-dharma all the babajis chant 200,000 names daily. Then
they read the scriptures and preach to whoever comes to meet them.
Advaita das babaji experiences purification of heart and freedom from
anarthas after chanting 200,000 names 3 to 4 years in Navadvipa-dhama
in the association of pure devotees. Haridas babaji tells Nityananda
das that he has just crossed the kanishtha platform and entered the
madhyama paltform after he had chanted 64 rounds for many many years.
SRILA JAGANNATHA DASA BABAJI
The main teaching of Shrila Jagannatha dasa babaji:
"If you want to achieve perfection in Krishna consciousness, you must
take a vow to chant a minimum of two hundred thousand or otherwise
one hundred thousand of holy names every day, and you must execute
that without fail.
Before you retire at night you must finish this specific number of
rounds, then you can achieve perfection in Krishna consciousness."
SRILA LOKANATHA GOSWAMI TO SRILA NAROTTAMA
Prema-vilasa: Chapter 11
(Note: Both Shrila Prabhupada and Shrila Sarasvati Thakura have
accepted Prema-vilasa as bonafide in their commentaries to Cc Adi
je vaishnava haibe laibe harinama
sankhya kari nama laile krpa karena gauradhama
"Those who are Vaishnavas must chant the names of Krishna in a
particular number everyday. Then Lord Gaura, the supreme abode of
love will be merciful to them.
WHAT IS THAT NUMBER?
purva abhipraye sabe laha harinama
keha laksa visesatah mukhe gana
"Everyone should specifically chant or sing the name loudly 1,00,000
times a day with the mood I have described earlier.
narottama laksa nama laya sankhya kari
nama laile gaurangera sarva sakti dhari
"O my disciple, Narottama! Please chant 1,00,000 names everyday while
maintaining their count. If you chant in this way then you will
become empowered by all the potencies of Lord Gauranga.
ACHIEVE THE LOTUS FEET OF KRSNA IF:
krishna pada prapti laksa laile harinama
granthi purna haile eka karibe pranama.
"I again repeat that if you want to achieve the lotus feet of Lord
Krishna, then you have to chant 1,00,000 names daily. After chanting
four rounds (granthi) or one round, you should offer obeisances to
Prema-vilasa Chapter 17: Shrila Narottama to Shrila Kaviraja on the
direct process to achieve love of Krishna
prabhura achaye sankhya tina laksa nama
eka laksa bhaktagane kaila krpa dana
"Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu used to Himself chant 300,000 names
everyday. But He very mercifully awarded His devotees the process of
chanting 100,000 names daily.
shri rupa kaila laksa granthera varnana
tathapiha karila laksa nama grahana
"Shrila Rupa Goswami has explained and quoted from over 100,000
different scriptures. Even though he was such a great scholar and
devotee he himself chanted 100,000 Names daily.
dasa goswamira ache laksa pramana
ei mata sarva bhakta kare harinama
"Shrila Raghunatha Das Goswami also rigidly followed the instructions
of the Lord by chanting 100,000 names daily. In this way (laksa-nama)
all the devotees chanted the holy name of Krishna.
gauranga shrimukhe rupe kahila vaisnave
laksa nama sankhya kari avasya karibe
"Lord Gauranga instructed the Vaishnavas and Shrila Rupa Himself that
please compulsorily chant 100,000 names of Krishna daily.
SRILA NAROTTAMA & HIS FOLLOWERS
yakhana avasara takhana layena harinama
eimata laksa sankhya achaye pramana
Whenever they used to get an opportunity all of them used to chant
Hare Krishna. In this way they used to complete the chanting of 100,000
Chapter 18: Narottama instructs his disciples
adhanya manaye narottama apanake
suna sisya bandhugana kahiye tomake
Shrila Thakura Narottama considering himself worthless in his natural
humility, called all his disciples, followers and friends, and spoke
to them in the following important instructions.
MOST IMPORTANT & FINAL INSTRUCTION:
prathamei krishnapada prapti laksa jara
se laiba laksa-nama sankhya apanara
"Those whose top priority in life is to achieve the lotus feet of
Krishna should voluntarily chant 100,000 names of Krishna daily."
Narottama Vilasa 10th Vilasa:
Rupamala, the queen of a distant country became so happy on getting
initiation from Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura that she sweared to take
one hundred thousand Harinama (64 rounds of the Hare Krishna maha-
mantra) in a day. Seeing her determination, everyone began to sing
the glory of Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura Mahasaya.
SRILA RASIKANANDA DEVA
Shri Rasika-mangala, Eastern part, 6th Wave:
When Shri Rasikananda was a child, he did not waste time playing games
like other children. Rather, he would meditate on the maha-mantra.
His daily practice was to chant a hundred thousand names of Krishna (64
rounds). He would refuse to accept his mother's foodstuffs until he
completed his chanting.
We will end with some quotes of Shrila Prabhupada which were not
The Nectar of Devotion -- Vrndavana, October 20, 1972
"Just like we have asked our students to finish sixteen rounds
chanting minimum. Sixteen rounds is nothing. In Vrndavana there are
many devotees, they chant 120 rounds. Like that. So sixteen rounds is
the minimum. Because I know in the Western countries it is difficult
job to finish sixty-four rounds or 120 rounds, like that. Minimum
sixteen rounds. That must be finished."
MINIMUM IS 64 BUT IT HAS BEEN FURTHUR MINIMIZED
Letter to: Purusottama, Bombay, 23 October, 1973
Because we have got many duties, ...we minimized the
amount to 16 rounds, otherwise ...minimum is 64
rounds, but Western people cannot ...this. So 16
rounds must be executed.
Nectar of Instruction, Verse 5:
The Krishna consciousness movement prescribes sixteen rounds daily
because people in the Western countries cannot concentrate for long
periods while chanting on beads. Therefore the minimum number of
rounds is prescribed.
However, Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura used to say that
unless one chants at least sixty-four rounds of japa (one hundred
thousand names), he is considered fallen (patita). According to his
calculation, practically every one of us is fallen, but because we
are trying to serve the Supreme Lord with all seriousness and without
duplicity, we can expect the mercy of Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu,
who is famous as patita-pavana, the deliverer of the fallen.
Note: If devotees find any other quotes on the importance of chanting
laksa-nama from the previous acaryas, please let me know.)
Daso'smi, Tridandi Bhikshu BR Sadhu.