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Title: Lord Chaitanya And The Acharyas On 64 Rounds

User: Damodara Svarupa dasa      Date: 2005-02-22 07:17:11

 

Lord Chaitanya And The Acharyas On 64 Rounds -- By Swami Gaurangapada

 

The perfection of life is to get the degree of laksesvara from Lord

Chaitanya those who don't chant 100,000 names daily will develop

material desires and become incapable of serving even the most

merciful & liberal incarnation of the Lord according to Shrila

Sarasvati Thakura.

 

shri chaitanya-bhagavate

 

(1) prabhu bale,-"jana, 'laksesvara' bali kare?

prati-dina laksa-nama ye grahana kare"

 

In the Chaitanya-bhagavata Madhya Khanda 9.121-122, Lord Chaitanya

Mahaprabhu instructed us on whose worship and service He will accept:

 

"Do you know who is a laksesvara? He is someone who chants one laksa,

or one hundred thousand holy names (sixty-four rounds of the Hare

Krishna maha-mantra) everyday."

 

[NOTE: THE FOLLOWING ARE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PURPORTS (IMHO) OF

SRILA SARASVATI THAKURA IN ALL HIS GAUDIYA BHASYAS SINCE IT HAS BEEN

INCLUDED IN HIS FINAL UPADESHAVALI. THAT IS WHY THE ORIGINAL BENGALI

IS INCLUDED.]

 

PURPORT:

 

 

 

shri gaurasundera balibena - "jini pratidina laksanama grahana

karibena, tanharai grhe bhagavan sevita hana."

 

Shri Gaurasundara spoke as follows - "The Supreme Personality of

Godhead accepts service only in the home of those who chant one

hundred thousand names daily.

 

bhagavan tanharai nikate bhoga-dravyadi grahana karena.

 

"The Lord accepts bhoga (foodstuffs) and other ingredients only from

such personalities.

 

 

 

jini laksanama grahana karena na, tahara nikate haite bhagavan

naivedya svikara-dvara seva-saubhagya pradana karena na.

 

"Those who don't chant one hundred thousand names daily, are never

awarded the great fortune of rendering service to the Lord by

offering Him naivedya (bhoga). This is because never accepts

(svikara) their offerings."

 

 

 

bhagavad-bhakta matrei pratyaha laksa-nama grahana karibena natuva

vividha visaye asakta haiya bhagavad-seva karite asamartha haibena.

 

The Lord continued - "Those who consider themselves devotees of the

Lord must compulsorily chant 100,000 names everyday otherwise they

will gradually but surely become attached to varieties of sense-

objects and thus become incapable to rendering any kind of service to

the Lord."

 

 

 

tajjanyai shri chaitanyadevera ashrita sakalai nyunkalpe laksanama

grahana kariya thakena. natuva gaurasunderera udesya pradatta

naivedya tini grahana karibena na.

 

(Shrila Sarasvati Thakura continues) Therefore all the devotees who

have taken shelter of Lord Chaitanyadeva perform the chanting of

100,000 names of Krishna daily as their first and primary duty. Because

they know that if they don't do so then Lord Gaurasundera will never

accept the very bhoga (naivedya) which they will cook for Him daily.

 

(2) "se janera nama ami bali 'laksesvara' tatha bhiksa amara, na yai

anya ghara"

 

"I call such a person a laksesvara. I only accept meals in that

person's house. I never go anywhere else."

 

PURPORT BY SRILA SARASVATI THAKURA:

 

 

 

shri chaitanya bhaktagana abhaktera sahita sambhasana karena na. jini

bhaktivyatita karma, jnana o anyabhilasara kathaya pradatta tahara

sahita bandhutva karibe na.

 

The devotees of Lord Shri Chaitanya never talk with such non-devotees.

They never do friendship with those who are engaged in the

cultivation of karma,jnana or other desires which are devoid of

bhakti.

 

[Note: Shrila Sarasvati Thakura indicates that those who do not chant

laksa-nama daily get engaged in karma,jnana, material desires and

gradually become non-devotees. The next line is even more clear.]

 

 

 

pratyah laksa-nama grahana na karile patita vyaktiganera visaya-bhoga

pravrtti vrddhi paya; takhana ara tahara shri gaurasunderarera seva

karite pare na.

 

Those who don't accept this vow of chanting 100,000 names daily, they

fallen down even more although they were fallen in the first place

(due to contamination of Kali-yuga). Thus their propensity for

enjoying the senses and sense-objects increases and ultimately they

are not able to render any kind of service to Lord Gaurasundera.

 

[Note: Shrila Sarasvati has conclusively established here that those

who don't chant laksa-nama daily are absolutely sure to fall down

even from the service of the merciful Lord Gaurasundera in due course

of time. Then what to speak of rendering service to Their Lordships

Radha & Krishna]

 

 

 

laksesvara vyatita gaura-bhaktira adarsa gaudiyajana kehai svikara

karena na.

 

That is the precise reason why the real Gaudiya-bhaktas do not accept

any other ideal (adarsa) in Gaura-bhakti except the process of

chanting 100,000 names daily.

 

 

 

adhapatita va adhapete gana eka-matra bhajana-sabda-vacya shri-nama-

bhajane vimukhata-vasata laksa-nama grahana karibara parivarte

anyabhajanera chalana korena, taddvara tahadera kona mangala haya na.

 

Those spiritual aspirants who are already fallen or will fall in the

future are averse to this sole means of deliverance called nama-

bhajana which is also the worship of the sound incarnation of God in

the form of chanting 100,000 names daily. Coming under the sway of

their averseness to chant laksa-nama daily, they duplicitously invent

other means of devotional service to justify their not chanting laksa-

nama but it is to be understood that by this action they will not

achieve anything auspicious in their life.

 

[Note: This final statement is so crystal clear, straight and

conclusive.]

 

(3) prabhu bole,-"kahilan ei mahamantra; iha japa giya sabe koriya

nirbandha."

 

In Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata Madhya Khanda 23.77, Lord Chaitanya

Mahaprabhu instructed all the people of Navadvipa:

 

"Please hear this Hare Krishna maha-mantra. Everyone please chant

this maha-mantra daily in 'nirbandha'* . Then one will surely achieve

all perfection.

 

[*Thakura Bhaktivinoda explains in his book Hari-nama-cintamani that

 

caribara mala phirile eka grantha haya.

 

eka grantha niyama kariya kramasah vrddhi karite karite 16 granthe

eka laksa nama nirbandha haibe.

 

One round (on mala, 108 beads) = 108 times the full Hare Krishna maha-

mantra One grantha= 4 rounds (malas)

One nirbandha = 16 granthas

= 64 rounds of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra

= 100,000 total names of Hare, Krishna & Rama

Samasta purva mahajanagana prabhura ei adesa palana kariya

sarva-siddhi labha kariyachilena.

 

All the previous mahajanas (great devotees) without exception have

achieved success only through this process of chanting the Hare Krishna

maha-mantra in atleast one nirbandha (64 rounds) daily.

 

[Note: So according to Thakura Bhaktivinoda, Lord Chaitanya is

requesting everyone to chant atleast one nirbandha (64 rounds) of the

Hare Krishna everyday to ensure the achievement of perfection in this

harinama-sankirtana yajna in Kali-yuga.]

 

SRILA BHAKTISIDDHANTA SARASVATI THAKURA IN UPADESHAVALI:

 

22. Bhagavan will not accept anything which is offered by a person

who doesn't chant Harinama one-hundred thousand times daily and such

a person is considered a 'patita'.

 

23. By sincerely endeavoring to chant Harinama without offences and

remaining fixed in chanting constantly, one's offences will fade and

pure Harinama will arise on the tongue.

 

Shrila Bhakti Promod Puri Goswami Maharaja about his guru Om Vishnupada

Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada:

 

"Unfailingly as a daily vow, he used to chant one lakh Names of the

Lord (64 rounds) and his instruction to all his disciples was to do

likewise. Keeping this vow intact, he would allot his times

incredibly to cover all his preaching schedules and literary work,

being a source of inspiration to all who came in contact with him."

 

Those who have chanted laksa hari-nama for fifteen or twenty years

should know such things (rasa-sastra). The beginners need not hear

these topics or they will misunderstand.' (Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta

Sarasvati Thakura, From an article in The Gaudiya, 1934)

 

SRILA BHAKTIVINODA THAKURA

 

Sadhu-vrtti, Sajjana Tosani 11/12:

 

tinei sad-grhastha -- jini pratyah laksa-nama grahana karena, tanhara

grhei suddha-vaishnavagana prasada grahana karibena

 

Only those devotees are sad-grhasthas who chant 100,000 names of

Krishna daily. And the pure devotees should accept prasada only in the

homes of these sad-grhasthas.

 

[Note: Since Lord Chaitanya accepts the bhoga of only those grhasthas

who chant 100,000 names daily, thus pure devotees should accept

prasada only in the homes of such grhasthas.]

 

mane habe-aja laksa nama ye kariba

krame krame tina laksa nama ye smariba

mahagraha habe citta namera samkhyaya

acire yabe jadya sadhura krpaya

 

In the Hari-nama-cintamani it is said:

 

"When one's mind desires to chant and remember one hundred thousand

holy names (64 rounds) daily and furthur desires to slowly increase

it to three hundred thousand and when my mind becomes very attached

and eager to complete the fixed number of rounds (sankhya) and pushes

me to complete the sankhya everday, then it is understood that very

soon the laziness or apathy in chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra

will vanish by the mercy of the sadhus and my chanting will bring me

the desired fruit of pure love for Krishna."

 

In Bhajana-pranali, Hari-nama-cintamani it is said:

 

Samkhya koriya tulasira malaya namasnarana ba kirtanai upasana. Sei

upasana-kramai sakala labhera mula. Sutaranga prathame atyalpakala

nirjjane ekagra haiya nama koribe. Krame namasamkhya vrddhi korite

korite namanusilanera nairantarjya evam visaya-pratibaddhakera ksaya

avasya haibe.

 

The upasana or the method of worship to achieve prema is to chant and

remember the name of Krishna on tulasi beads. This worship gradually

becomes the root cause for all auspicious achievements. That is why

in the beginning one should sit down in a solitary place for a very

short period and chant the name with concentration. Gradually one

should increase the number of rounds (as given in the above verse).

Then gradually the cultivation of the name will become continuous

then all the obstacles and material desires will be destroyed.

 

[Note: As per the above statement by Thakura Bhaktivinoda it is clear

that without gradually increasing the chanting upto the point of

chanting continuously (atleast 64 rounds), the obstacles on our

spiritual path will never be removed.]

 

In the Jaiva-dharma all the babajis chant 200,000 names daily. Then

they read the scriptures and preach to whoever comes to meet them.

Advaita das babaji experiences purification of heart and freedom from

anarthas after chanting 200,000 names 3 to 4 years in Navadvipa-dhama

in the association of pure devotees. Haridas babaji tells Nityananda

das that he has just crossed the kanishtha platform and entered the

madhyama paltform after he had chanted 64 rounds for many many years.

 

SRILA JAGANNATHA DASA BABAJI

 

The main teaching of Shrila Jagannatha dasa babaji:

 

"If you want to achieve perfection in Krishna consciousness, you must

take a vow to chant a minimum of two hundred thousand or otherwise

one hundred thousand of holy names every day, and you must execute

that without fail.

 

Before you retire at night you must finish this specific number of

rounds, then you can achieve perfection in Krishna consciousness."

 

SRILA LOKANATHA GOSWAMI TO SRILA NAROTTAMA

 

Prema-vilasa: Chapter 11

 

(Note: Both Shrila Prabhupada and Shrila Sarasvati Thakura have

accepted Prema-vilasa as bonafide in their commentaries to Cc Adi

13.60 purp.)

 

je vaishnava haibe laibe harinama

sankhya kari nama laile krpa karena gauradhama

 

"Those who are Vaishnavas must chant the names of Krishna in a

particular number everyday. Then Lord Gaura, the supreme abode of

love will be merciful to them.

 

WHAT IS THAT NUMBER?

 

purva abhipraye sabe laha harinama

keha laksa visesatah mukhe gana

 

"Everyone should specifically chant or sing the name loudly 1,00,000

times a day with the mood I have described earlier.

 

EMPOWERMENT IF:

 

narottama laksa nama laya sankhya kari

nama laile gaurangera sarva sakti dhari

 

"O my disciple, Narottama! Please chant 1,00,000 names everyday while

maintaining their count. If you chant in this way then you will

become empowered by all the potencies of Lord Gauranga.

 

ACHIEVE THE LOTUS FEET OF KRSNA IF:

 

krishna pada prapti laksa laile harinama

granthi purna haile eka karibe pranama.

 

"I again repeat that if you want to achieve the lotus feet of Lord

Krishna, then you have to chant 1,00,000 names daily. After chanting

four rounds (granthi) or one round, you should offer obeisances to

the Name.

 

Prema-vilasa Chapter 17: Shrila Narottama to Shrila Kaviraja on the

direct process to achieve love of Krishna

 

prabhura achaye sankhya tina laksa nama

eka laksa bhaktagane kaila krpa dana

 

"Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu used to Himself chant 300,000 names

everyday. But He very mercifully awarded His devotees the process of

chanting 100,000 names daily.

 

shri rupa kaila laksa granthera varnana

tathapiha karila laksa nama grahana

 

"Shrila Rupa Goswami has explained and quoted from over 100,000

different scriptures. Even though he was such a great scholar and

devotee he himself chanted 100,000 Names daily.

 

dasa goswamira ache laksa pramana

ei mata sarva bhakta kare harinama

 

"Shrila Raghunatha Das Goswami also rigidly followed the instructions

of the Lord by chanting 100,000 names daily. In this way (laksa-nama)

all the devotees chanted the holy name of Krishna.

 

gauranga shrimukhe rupe kahila vaisnave

laksa nama sankhya kari avasya karibe

 

"Lord Gauranga instructed the Vaishnavas and Shrila Rupa Himself that

please compulsorily chant 100,000 names of Krishna daily.

 

SRILA NAROTTAMA & HIS FOLLOWERS

 

yakhana avasara takhana layena harinama

eimata laksa sankhya achaye pramana

 

Whenever they used to get an opportunity all of them used to chant

Hare Krishna. In this way they used to complete the chanting of 100,000

names daily.

 

Chapter 18: Narottama instructs his disciples

 

adhanya manaye narottama apanake

suna sisya bandhugana kahiye tomake

 

Shrila Thakura Narottama considering himself worthless in his natural

humility, called all his disciples, followers and friends, and spoke

to them in the following important instructions.

 

MOST IMPORTANT & FINAL INSTRUCTION:

 

prathamei krishnapada prapti laksa jara

se laiba laksa-nama sankhya apanara

 

"Those whose top priority in life is to achieve the lotus feet of

Krishna should voluntarily chant 100,000 names of Krishna daily."

 

QUEEN RUPAMALA

 

Narottama Vilasa 10th Vilasa:

 

Rupamala, the queen of a distant country became so happy on getting

initiation from Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura that she sweared to take

one hundred thousand Harinama (64 rounds of the Hare Krishna maha-

mantra) in a day. Seeing her determination, everyone began to sing

the glory of Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura Mahasaya.

 

SRILA RASIKANANDA DEVA

 

Shri Rasika-mangala, Eastern part, 6th Wave:

 

When Shri Rasikananda was a child, he did not waste time playing games

like other children. Rather, he would meditate on the maha-mantra.

His daily practice was to chant a hundred thousand names of Krishna (64

rounds). He would refuse to accept his mother's foodstuffs until he

completed his chanting.

 

We will end with some quotes of Shrila Prabhupada which were not

posted earlier:

 

120 ROUNDS

 

The Nectar of Devotion -- Vrndavana, October 20, 1972

 

"Just like we have asked our students to finish sixteen rounds

chanting minimum. Sixteen rounds is nothing. In Vrndavana there are

many devotees, they chant 120 rounds. Like that. So sixteen rounds is

the minimum. Because I know in the Western countries it is difficult

job to finish sixty-four rounds or 120 rounds, like that. Minimum

sixteen rounds. That must be finished."

 

MINIMUM IS 64 BUT IT HAS BEEN FURTHUR MINIMIZED

 

Letter to: Purusottama, Bombay, 23 October, 1973

 

Because we have got many duties,  ...we minimized the

amount to 16 rounds, otherwise  ...minimum is 64

rounds, but Western people cannot  ...this. So 16

rounds must be executed.

 

FOR WESTERNERS

 

Nectar of Instruction, Verse 5:

 

The Krishna consciousness movement prescribes sixteen rounds daily

because people in the Western countries cannot concentrate for long

periods while chanting on beads. Therefore the minimum number of

rounds is prescribed.

 

However, Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura used to say that

unless one chants at least sixty-four rounds of japa (one hundred

thousand names), he is considered fallen (patita). According to his

calculation, practically every one of us is fallen, but because we

are trying to serve the Supreme Lord with all seriousness and without

duplicity, we can expect the mercy of Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu,

who is famous as patita-pavana, the deliverer of the fallen.

 

Note: If devotees find any other quotes on the importance of chanting

laksa-nama from the previous acaryas, please let me know.)

 

Daso'smi, Tridandi Bhikshu BR Sadhu.