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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Vaishnava Song Book > Pronunciation > Pronunciation



This pronunciation guide is meant to help the English-speaking reader quickly grasp the fundamentals of correct pronunciation. Those

who wish to learn proper pronunciation are strongly encouraged to listen carefully to native speakers of Bengali - the guidelines given

here are only an approximation.


This songbook contains devotional songs in several languages, including Sanskrit, Bengali, Hindi, Braj-bhana, Maithili, and Braj-bhuli.

The same standard system of diacritics are used for all the songs in this book, and all the above languages share some important characteristics; however, there are some special rules that apply individually to Bengali and Hindi.


Rules for pronouncing Sanskrit, which is the mother of all civilized languages, are given first. The differences for Bengali and Hindi

will be described separately. The guidelines given here mostly apply to speakers of American English.