Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Shrimad Bhagavatam > Canto-9 > The dynasties of Bharata and Yadu



      The Dynasties of Bharata and Yadu.



     A great-grandson of Bharadvaja was Hasti, who established the city of Hastinapura, and his son was Ajamidha. In the eighth generation after Hasti, appeared Mudgala, who had twins- a male named Divodasa, and a female named Ahalya, who married Gautama Rishi. The great-grandson of Gautama and Ahalya was Sharadvan.

    Once, when Sharadvan happened to meet Urvashi, he involuntarily passed semen, which fell onto a clump of shara grass. Two auspicious children were born from Sharadvan’s semen, one a male and the other a female. Once, while hunting in the forest, Maharaja Shantanu saw the two babies lying upon the ground, and so, out of compassion for them, he took them back to his palace. The male child became known as Kripa, and the female child, named Kripi, later on became the wife of Dronacharya.

     In the fourth generation after Divodasa, appeared King Drupada, the father of Dhrishtadyumna and Draupadi. Dhrishtaketu was the son of Dhrstadyumna, and all of these personalities were known as Panchalas. Bharmyashva, the father of Mudgala, had requested his five sons to take charge of his five states, and thus these sons were the first to be known as Panchalas, and King Drupada was their descendent.

     Samvarana was the grandson of Ajamidha, and through Tapati, the daughter of the sun-god, he begot Kuru, the king of Kurukshetra. In the fifth generation after Kuru, appeared Uparichara Vasu, the king of Chedi. Brihadratha was the son of Uparichara Vasu, and through the womb of one of his wives, he begot two halves of a son. These two halves were rejected by the mother, but later on they were playfully joined by a she-demon named Jara, and thus Jarasandha was born.

     In the twelfth generation after Kuru, appeared King Pratipa, whose sons were Devapi, Shantanu and Bahlika. When Devapi retired to the forest, Shantanu became the king. Shantanu, who in his previous birth was Mahabhisha, had the power of transforming anyone from old age to youth simply by the touch of his hand. It is because of this ability to make everyone happy in sense gratification, that he received the name Shantanu.

     Once, when there was a drought for twelve years, Shantanu consulted the brahmanas, who then informed him, “Because you are enjoying the property of your elder brother, you are at fault. You should thus return the kingdom to Devapi.”

     King Shantanu went to the forest and requested Devapi to take charge of the kingdom. However, some time before, Santanu’s minister, Ashvavara had instigated some brahmanas to induce Devapi to transgress the Vedic injunctions. Because Devapi had become fallen, when Shantanu asked him to return to power, he not only refused but also blasphemed the Vedic principles.

     As a result, Shantanu was reinstated upon the throne, and Indra was pleased to resume showering rain. Later on, Devapi took to the path of mystic yoga, and then went to live at Kalapagrama, where he is still residing. In the beginning of the next Satya-yuga, Devapi will re-establish the Soma dynasty in this world.

     Shantanu’s brother Bahlika had a son named Somadatta, whose three sons were Bhuri, Bhurishrava, and Shala.The son of Santanu and Ganga was the exalted, self-realized devotee, Bhishma, the foremost of all warriors, who defeated even Lord Parashurama in a fight. By another wife, Satyavati, Santanu begot Chitrangada, who was killed by a Gandharva of the same name, and Vichitravirya.

     Before her marriage to Shantanu, Satyavati gave birth to Vyasadeva, after having sexual relations with the great sage Parashara. Being too attached to his wives, Ambika and Ambalika, Vichitravirya died of tuburculosis, without having produced any children. Thereafter, on the order of his mother, Vyasadeva begot Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura through Ambika, Ambalika and a maidservant, respectively.

     Dhritarashtra’s wife, Gandhari, gave birth to one hundred sons, headed by Duryodhana, as well as a daughter named Duhshala. Due to a brahmana’s curse, Pandu could not engage in sexual intercourse, and so his three sons by Kunti were actually begotten by Dharma, Vayu and Indra, and his twin sons by Madri were begotten by the Ashvini-kumaras.

      Through their common wife, Draupadi, the five Pandavas begot five sons, named Prativindhya, Shrutasena, Shrutakirti, Shatanika and Shrutakarma. Furthermore, thorugh Pauravi, Yudhisthira begot a son named Devaka. Bhima begot a son named Ghatotkacha through his wife, Hidimba, as well as a son named Sarvagata through his wife, Kali. Sahadeva begot a son named Suhotra through his wife, Vijaya, the daughter of the king of the Himalayas. Nakula begot a son named Naramitra through his wife named Karenumati. Arjuna begot Iravan through Ulupi, Babhruvahana through the princess of Manipura, and Abhimnayu, the father of King Parikshit, through the womb of Subhadra.

     Parikshit had four sons, headed by Janamejaya, and the descendents in his line are listed for twenty-six generations, ending with King Kshemaka, the last monarch of the Soma dynasty in the Kali-yuga.

     In the seventh generation after Anu, the son of Yayati, appeared Ushinara, whose son was Shibi. In the ninth generation after Ushinara’s brother Titikshu, appeared Chitraratha, who was also known as Romapada. Since Romapada was without children, his friend, Dasharatha, gave him his daughter, Shanta, who later on married the sage, Rishyashringa. After being allured from the forest by prostitutes, so that the drought in Romapada’s kingdom would end, Rishyashringa performed a son-giving sacrifice on behalf of Maharaja Dasharatha.

     In the tenth generation after Romapada, appeared Adhiratha. Once, while playing on the banks of the Ganga, Adhiratha found a baby wrapped in a basket. This baby had been born to Kunti before her marriage, and so she had abandoned it. Adhiratha had no sons, and so he raised this child, named Karna, as his own. The only son of Karna was Vrishasena.

     In the eighth generation after Yayati’s son Druhyu, appeared Pracheta, who had one hundred sons.

     In the eleventh generation after Yayati’s son Yadu, appeared Kritavirya, and his son was Arjuna, who received the mystic perfections known as asta-siddhi from Dattatreya, the incarnation of the Lord. Kartaviryarjuna remained unparalleled in terms of sacrifices, charity, austerity, mystic power, education, strength, and mercy for 88,000 years, while ruling the entire earth. Only five of Kartaviryarjuna’s sons survived after their fight with Parashurama. Four generations after Arjuna came Madhu, whose eldest son was Vrishni. The dynasties known as Yadava, Madhava and Vrishni have their origin in Yadu, Madhu and Vrishni.

     In the thrity-second generation after Yadu, appeared Satvata. One of his sons was Andhaka, and ten generations after Andhaka appeared Ahuka, whose two sons were Devaka and Ugrasena. Devaka had four sons, as well as seven daughters, including Devaki, and they all were married to Vasudeva. Ugrasena had nine sons, headed by Kamsa, as well as five daughters, who became the wives of Vasudeva’s younger brothers.

     The great-grandson of Satvata’s son, Vrishni, was Shini. His son was Satyaki, and Satyaki’s son was Yuyudhana. Another great-grandson of Vrishni was another Vrishni, who was the father of Svaphalka and Chitraratha. Svaphalka had thirteen sons, headed by Akrura, through his wife, Gandini.

     In the fifth generation from Chitraratha appeared Bhoja, the father of Hridika. Hridika had three sons- Devamidha, Shatadhanu, and Kritavarma. Devamidha’s son, Shura, begot ten sons, headed by Vasudeva, through his wife, Marisha. At the time of Vasudeva’s birth, the demigods sounded drums, and thus he also became known as Anakadundubhi. Shura also begot five daughters, including Pritha, whom he gave to be raised by his friend Kunti, who had no children. For this reason, Pritha also became known as Kunti.

     Kunti received a benediction from Durvasa whereby she could call any of the demigods for begetting children. Although unmarried, Kunti called for the sun-god out of curiosity. So that her virginity could be kept intact, the sun-god arranged to give Kunti a child that came out from her ear, and thus received the name Karna.

     Later on, Pandu married Kunti, and Vriddhasharma, the king of Karusha, married Kunti’s sister, Shrutadeva. The son of Vriddhasharma and Shrutadeva was Dantavakra, who had formerly been born as the son of Diti named Hiranyaksha. Through Rajadhidevi, another sister of Kunti, Jayasena begot two sons- Vinda and Anuvinda. Damaghosa, the king of Chedi, married Shrutashrava, another sister of Kunti, and their son was Sishupala.

     Besides his principal wife, Devaki, and her sisters, Vasudeva had many other wives and begot many, many sons. By his wife, Rohini, Vasudeva begot Bala, Gada and others- and through Devaki, he begot Kirtiman, Sushena, Bhadrasena, Riju, Sammardana, Bhadra, Sankarshana the serpent incarnation, and Krishna the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Vasudeva and Devaki also had a daughter named Subhadra.

     Along with His elder brother Balarama, Lord Krishna performed transcendental activities that were beyond the mental comprehension of even such great personalities as Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva, dfor the purpose of relieving the burden of the earth. By His pleasing smiles, His affectionate behavior, His instructions, and His uncommon pastimes, Lord Krishna pleased all of human society. Lord Krishna’s smiling face was attractive to everyone, and whoever saw Him beheld a veritable festival for the eyes. And yet, although Krishna’s face and body were fully satisfying for everyone to see, the devotees became angry with the creator for the disturbance caused by the momentary blinking of their eyes.

     To show mercy to the devotees who would take birth in the future age of Kali, Lord Krishna acted in such a way that simply by remembering Him, one can become freed from all the lamentation and unhappiness of material existence. Simply by receiving the glories of Lord Krishna through their purified ears, the fortunate devotees become immediately freed from strong material desires, and the hard labor of engagement in fruitive activities.