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Chapter 20—The Glories of the Holy Name
One day Krishnadasa broke his long silence and asked Lord Chaitanya a question in Kasi Misra's house. "If you will kindly permit me to ask, then please tell me about the unlimited and wonderful glories of the holy name, about which even Lord Siva and Lord Brahma are unacquainted."
Lord Chaitanya replied, "The excellences of the holy name are like an ever-expanding shoreless ocean. Even Lord Krishna Himself does not know the limits of It, what to speak of ordinary mortals. I will simply repeat what is written in the scriptures. If you listen with proper faith, you can be delivered from this distressful material world.
"The holy name is capable of dissolving sins and removing impediments. The name embalms sufferings and diminishes the detriments that are so characteristic of Kali-yuga . It redeems the unredeemable residents of hellish planets and nullifies the inevitable sinful reactions carried over from previous births. The holy name purifies offenses and is the quintessence of all transcendental activities, shining more brilliantly than the Vedas. The scriptures declare that chanting is the highest spiritual activity, higher than making pilgrimages to the holiest of places. he holy name is omnipotent and benedicts the chanter with unimaginable good fortune— Its very nature is that It elevates one to experience divine bliss. A chanter is no ordinary person, for he becomes worthy of the entire world's praise. The holy name is the only means of salvation for the fallen conditioned souls, and It is always worshippable for It offers the much desired liberation, exalts one to the supreme spiritual abode and blesses the chanter with transcendental love of Godhead, Shri Hari. The sruti and smrti contain countless proofs of the holy name's sublime position. It is the supreme destination of all spiritual aspirations and the mainstream of the current of bhakti devotional service.
The Holy Name destroys all sins
"One of the inherent characteristics of the holy name is that It destroys all sins. Hear first the different, authoritative conclusions on the subject. Take note of Ajamila, the example of a sinner, who on his deathbed unconsciously called out, 'Narayana', the Supreme Lord's name. The innumerable sins he had committed in countless lives were immediately absolved.
ayam hi krta-nirveso
yad vyajahara vivaso
nama svasty-ayanam hareh
"Ajamila had already atoned for all his sinful actions. Indeed, he has atoned not only for sins performed in one life but for those performed in millions of lives, for in a helpless condition he chanted the holy name of Narayana. Even though he did not chant purely, he chanted without offenses, and therefore he is now pure and eligible for liberation.
"The most heinous offenses like murdering a woman, a king, a cow or a brahmana; taking intoxicants, cohabiting with guru's wife, betraying a friend, stealing, etc. are easily condoned simply by chanting the holy name. Once one is purified of his sins, he becomes attracted to Lord Krishna. In this way the holy name guides the living entity to his penultimate spiritual goal.
stenah sura-po mitra dhrug
ye ca patakino 'pare
sarvesam apy aghavatam
idam eva suniskrtam
nama vyaharanam visnor
yatas tad-visaya matih
"The chanting of the holy names of Lord Vishnu is the best process of atonement for a thief of gold or other valuables, for a drunkard, for one who betrays a friend or relative, for one who kills a brahmana, or for one who indulges in sex with the wife of his guru, or another superior. It is also the best method of atonement for one who murders women, the king or his father, for one who slaughters cows, and for all other sinful men. Simply by chanting the holy name of Lord Vishnu, such sinful persons may attract the attention of the Supreme Lord, who therefore considers, 'Because this man has chanted My holy name, My duty is to give him protection.'"
Penances and vows are insignificant activities compared to chanting
"Observing penances and vows like candrayana-vrata strictly according to scriptural injunctions cannot completely eradicate the sins a sinner commits. Yet, by chanting Lord Krishna's name even once, one becomes totally free from all sins.
na niskrtair uditair brahma-vadibhis
tatha visuddhyaty aghavan vratadibhih
yatha harer nama-padair udahrtais
"By following the Vedic ritualistic ceremonies or undergoing atonement, sinful men do not become as purified as by chanting once the holy name of Lord Hari. Although ritualistic atonement may free one from sinful reactions, it does not awaken devotional service, unlike the chanting of the Lord's names, which reminds one of the Lord's fame, qualities, attributes, pastimes and paraphernalia.
"Even if the holy name is chanted unconsciously, jokingly, simply for entertainment, or neglectfully, the most grievous sins are absolved, and he enters the spiritual realm of Vaikuntha, lying beyond the jurisdiction of Yamaraja, the god of death.
sanketyam parihasyam va
stobham helanam eva va
( Bhag. 6.2.14)
"One who chants the holy name of the Lord is immediately freed from the reactions of unlimited sins, even if he chants indirectly to indicate something else, jokingly, for musical entertainment, or even neglectfully. This is accepted by all learned scholars of the scriptures.
patitah skhalito bhagnah
sandastas tapta ahatah
harir ity avasenaha
puman narhati yatanah
"If one chants the holy name of Hari and then dies because of an accidental misfortune, such as falling from the top of a house, slipping and suffering broken bones while travelling on the road, being bitten by a serpent, being afflicted with pain and high fever, or being injured by a weapon, one is immediately absolved from having to enter hellish life, even though he is sinful.
ajnanad athava jnanad
sankirtitam agham pumso
dahed edho yathanalah
( Bhag. 6.2.18)
"As a fire burns dry grass to ashes, so the holy name of the Lord, whether chanted knowingly or unknowingly, burns to ashes without fail all the reactions of one's sinful activities.
vartamanantu yat papam
yadbhutam yad bhavisyati
tat-sarvam nirdahaty asu
"The holy name is the only real friend of the living entity. By chanting the holy name of Govinda, Krishna one very easily uproots all sinful reactions that have been accumulated not only in this lifetime but also those of many past lives and which are yet to mature into fruition.
sada drohaparo yas tu
jayate pavano dhanyo
"An offense committed against a saintly person is a serious crime, and only by chanting the holy name of Krishna can one atone for it.
"The scriptures have amply described the various forms of prayascitta rituals for atonement of sins. However, all of these ritualistic activities are inconsequential compared to the chanting of the holy name.
vasanti yani kotistu
na tan tat-tulyam yanti
"The process of chanting the holy name has the power to eradicate all the accumulated and sinful reactions and much more, so much so that the holy name can absolve more sinful reactions than one is at all capable of committing.
namno sya yavati saktih
tatvat kartum no saknoti
patakam pataki janah
"It is impossible to commit such volumes of sinful activities in this age of Kali that cannot be eradicated by the chanting of the holy name of Govinda.
tan nasti karmajam loka-
vag-jam manasam eva va
yan na ksapayete papam
"The scriptures proclaim unequivocally that the holy name is the only cure for all diseases. O residents of Vrndavana, I say it is true, trust Me. Just chant the name of Govinda, Acytutananda, Krishna! Chant the holy name out for Madhusadan feeling from the heart with tears flowing from the eyes and rid yourself of all material disease and sufferings.
nasyanti sakala rogah
satyam satyam vadamy aham
"Chanting the holy name constantly can purify even the most fallen sinner, and after he becomes purified, he in turn is to be counted amongst the saintly persons who can purify others by his association.
kirtayan manisam harim
"All dreadful fears and sufferings, like severe sickness, the fear of capital punishment, etc. are easily quelled by chanting Lord Narayana's holy name.
niratanko bhaven narah
"The chanting of the holy name drives away all diseases, sufferings, distressful conditions and inauspicious situations.
"As a strong wind disperses the clouds of gathering gloom, and the rising sun's first rays dispel darkness, similarly chanting of the holy name countervails against all calamities by its own unlimited potency. This is clearly explained by Shrila Vyasadeva in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (12.12.48):
samkirtamano bhagavan anantah
srutanubhavo vyasanam hi pumsam
pravisya cittam vidhunoty asesam
yatha tamo 'rko'bhramivati-vatah
"When people properly glorify the Supreme Personality of Godhead or simply hear about His power, the Lord personally enters their hearts and cleanses away every trace of misfortune, just as sun removes the darkness or as a powerful wind drives away the clouds."
"A person deeply afflicted by poverty, hopelessness, despondency, weakness of mind, fear and serious diseases and distress can rarely see the redeeming rays of hope, but if he simply chants 'Narayana', 'Hari', he will certainly be released from this intolerable misery and experience unlimited happiness.
arta visannah sithilas ca bhita
ghoresu ca vyadhisu vartamanah
samkirtya narayana-sabdam ekam
vimukta duhkhah sukhino bhavanti
"The holy name of Vishnu, Krishna, possesses inconceivable power and potency. By chanting the holy name, all evil spirits, ghosts, demons and monsters etc. flee in fear, putting an end to the living entities' extreme trepidations. Chanting removes all inauspiciousness, tribulations, hunger, thirst, confusion, and so on.
"After knowing all these facts about the name's potency, if one is still in doubt about Its efficacy, then he will not achieve any success in chanting. Another esoteric point about the holy name the devotees must be aware of is that one receives the mercy of the holy name only by increasing one's faith and not by faithless doubting.
ye tathanye ca himsakah
sarva natha-haram tasya-
"I see that Kali-yuga is like a black, poisonous snake with a gaping mouth and fangs. But please be unperturbed dear devotees and listen with faith. Once the holy name of the Lord is being chanted, it is like igniting a forest fire which will burn to ashes the poisonous snakes within the forest.
tiksna-damstrasya ma bhayam
dagdho yasyati bhasmatam
In this dark age of Kali-yuga, sincere devotees of the Supreme Lord should leave aside all other means for liberation and take full shelter of the holy name. This is their real responsibility and duty. There is unlimited bliss in chanting the different names of Krishna: Hari, Kesava, Govinda, Vasudeva and Jaganmaya. For one who chants constantly with unflinching faith, he remains unaffected by the reverses of Kali-yuga, because his heart has become purified by chanting.
harinama para ye ca
ghore kali-yuge narah
te eva krtakrtyasca
na kalir badhate hi tan
hare kesava govinda
itirayanti ye nityam
na hi tam badhate kalih
"An abominable sinner a fit resident of hell, can easily become a devotee of the Lord by chanting Krishna's name. Thus he can enter into the highest spiritual abode of the Lord.
yatha tatha harenama
kirtayanti sma narakah
tatha tatha harau bhaktim-
ucvahanto udivam yayuh
"Prarabdha, or unmanifested reactions of sinful activities committed in a previous life, can be counteracted only by means of chanting the holy name.
"This result cannot be achieved by pursuing speculative knowledge or performance of fruitive activity. In fact, it is impossible to break free from the entanglement of karma results of actions without the help of the chanting process. Final liberation, therefore is unattainable through other processes. The kind of liberation the holy name offers to the living entity will never again allow him to be induced to perform fruitive activities, but will rather make him transcend illusion and the three material modes.
natah param karma-nibandha-krntanam
na yat punah karmasu sajjate mano
rajas-tamobhyam kalilam tato 'nyatha
"Therefore one who desires freedom from material bondage should adopt the process of chanting and glorifying the name, fame, form and pastimes of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, at whose feet all the holy places stand. One cannot derive the proper benefit from other methods, such as pious atonement, speculative knowledge and meditation in mystic yoga; because even after following such methods one takes to fruitive activities again, unable to control his mind, which is contaminated by the base qualities of nature: namely passion and ignorance.
"If a person who is in a death stupor, suffering acutely in a state of coma, somehow - unconsciously or otherwise - chants Krishna's name, the bonds of karmic reaction that bind him are severed, and he attains the supreme goal. In Kali-yuga such liberation is unobtainable by any other methods.
yan namadheyam mriyamana aturah
patan skhalan va vivaso grnan puman
vimukta-karmargala uttamam gatim
prapnoti yaksanti na tam kalau janah
"Terrified, about to die, a man collapses on his bed. Although his voice is faltering and he is hardly conscious of what he is saying, if he utters the holy name of the Supreme Lord he can be freed from the reaction of his fruitive work and achieve the supreme destination. But still people in the age of Kali will not worship the Supreme Lord.
"The holy name should be chanted with sincere faith and devotion and without envy. Krishna then forgives all of his countless offenses. As for the unfortunate soul who does not believe in the holy name, the gates of liberation remain always closed to him.
mama namani loke'smin
sraddhaya yastu kirtayet
ksamamy evam na samsayah
"Discrepancies that arise while pronouncing Vedic hymns and following regulative principles of ritualistic activities in regard to time, place and paraphernalia are all rectified by chanting the holy name, and thus one experiences unlimited joy. Chanting is the most important of all spiritual activities, so if one takes shelter of the holy name he will automatically achieve perfection in all other devotional endeavours.
sarvam karoti nischidram
anusa mkirttanam tava
"There may be discrepancies in pronouncing the mantras and observing the regulative principles, and moreover there may be discrepancies in regard to time, place and paraphernalia. But when Your Lordship's holy name is chanted, everything becomes faultless.
"The holy name is the essence of the Vedas, and far superior to it, anyone who doubts this faces constant misery. Pranava the sound om is one of Krishna's names; the Vedas have emanated from this seed sound om, spoken first by Lord Brahma. One who continuously chants Lord Hari, Krishna's name, is considered to have mastered the four Vedas.
rg-vedo hi yajur-vedah
harir ity aksara-dvayam
"What prompts you to undertake the tedious study of the four Vedas, namely, Rg, Sama, Yajur and Atharva? Simply go on chanting, "Govinda, Govinda!" That is all that is required to achieve perfection.
ma rco ma yajus tata
ma sama patha kincana
geyam gayasva nityasah
"Each name of Lord Vishnu is greater and more potent than the entire Vedas; and Lord Rama's name alone is superior to a thousand names of Lord Vishnu.
"The spiritual result one obtains from chanting a thousand names of Vishnu three times is attained by chanting Lord Krishna's holy name once.
"Dear devotees of the Lord, please continuously chant, "Krishna, Krishna, Krishna, Krishna, Krishna, Krishna, he!" And also chant, "Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare; Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare'. This mantra consisting of sixteen names is perfect in every respect, and chanting this mantra gives one the highest benefit and perfection in spiritual life.
triravrttya tu yat phalam
eka vrttya tu krishnasya
namaikam tat prayacchati
Why undertake so many inconveniences that automatically accompany pilgrimages simply to gain some piety, when by constantly chanting Hare Krishna, wherever you are situated, you can accrue the results of all pious activities?
"For one who continually chants the Lord's holy name there is no extra spiritual benefit by visiting even such holy places as Kuruksetra, Kasi, Puskara, etc.
kuruksetrena kim tasya
kim kasya puskarena va
jihavagrete vasati yasya
"The spiritual value of Hari kirtana is far superior to even circumambulating many thousands of holy pilgrimages.
On a visit to the holy land of Kuruksetra the powerful sage Visvamitra once said, that he had heard the names of many holy places of pilgrimage in the material universe but none of them possessed even one millionth of the spiritual potency contained in the chanting of the holy name. This statement is of utmost value to everyone.
tirthani bahudhani ca
koty amsena api tulyani
"What is the necessity for studying such voluminous works as the Vedic literature and its corollaries? And why do people visit innumerable holy pilgrimage sites? One who truly desires to liberate his soul from illusion, let him constantly chant Lord Govinda's Krishna's holy name.
kitanta veda-agama-satra-vistarais-tirthair-anekair api kim paryojanam
yady atmano vanchasi mukti-karanam govinda govinda iti sphuratam rata
The chanting of the holy name is the highest spiritual activity, far superior to all other pious activities. One who chants with this realisation is automatically executing all other prescribed religious duties. Pious activities like giving lakhs of cows in charity on solar eclipses; residing in Prayaga in the month of Magha December-January and observing strict vows and baths; performing countless sacrifices and disbursing mountains of gold are not equivalent to a minute fraction of a fraction of the spiritual potency of chanting the holy name.
go-koti-danam grahane khagasya
govinda-kirtanerna samam satamsaih
"Even if hundreds of altruistic works are performed for the benefit of the general's welfare, all such activities are mundane activities according to the scriptures. The chanting of the names of God alone can actually give complete liberation from this material world. Every other activity is insignificant in comparison.
suvahuni krtany api
bhava-hetur hi tany eva
How reliable is samkhya-yoga deductive philosophical speculation, astanga-yoga the eightfold yoga process, etc. to offer one liberation? If you are really searching for mukti, then continuously chant Govinda's name. In fact, mukti is also insignificant in comparison to the actual result one achieves by chanting the holy name. Mukti is but facile even to someone who chants the holy name indifferently.
kim karisyati samkh yena
kim yogair nara-nayaka
"One who constantly chants Krishna's name the holy name dances on his tongue. He may have taken birth in a family of dog-eaters svapaca, but he should certainly be considered a highly elevated brahmana. He must have already performed severe austerities and penances, visited all the holy places, taken bath in all of the sacred rivers and studied the conclusions of the Vedas. Thus, obtaining immense piety, he incessantly tastes the nectar of the holy name.
aho bata svapaco to gariyan
vat-jihvagre vartate nama tubh yam
tepus tapas te juhuvuh sasnur arya
brahmanucur nama grnanti ye te
"Oh, how glorious are they whose tongues are chanting Your holy name! Even if born in the families of dog-eaters, such persons are worshipable. Persons who chant the holy name of Your Lordship must have executed all kinds of austerities and fire sacrifices and achieved all the good manners of the Aryans. To be chanting the holy name of Your Lordship, they must have bathed at holy places of pilgrimage, studied the Vedas and fulfilled everything required.
"The Hare Krishna maha-mantra is the greatest chant for deliverance. It can easily offer all perfections and bring one to the highest spiritual realisations. This fact has been boldly proclaimed in the Vedic literatures.The chanting of the holy name brings completely under control all six vicious vices lust, greed, anger, etc and the impetuous senses, thus freeing one to execute perfect devotional service to the Supreme Lord.
"The really qualified and intelligent scholar, who applies his knowledge by proper behaviour and who relish the essence of the scriptures, appreciates Kali-yuga; because it is only in this yuga that one attains the highest perfection simply by chanting the holy name.
kalim sabhajayanty arya
"Those who are actually advanced in knowledge are able to appreciate the essential value of this age of Kali. Such enlightened persons worship Kali-yuga because in this fallen age all perfections of life can easily be achieved by the performance of sankirtana.
"The supremely potent holy name is equal in every respect to the Supreme Lord Krishna Himself, because Lord Krishna has invested the holy name with all of His potencies. Krishna has collected the spiritual results accrued by charity, austerity, penance, pilgrimage, karma-kanda rituals offered to the demigods, rajasuja-yajna, asvamedha-yajna, knowledge of self-realisation and so on infused them into His holy name to make It absolutely powerful.
ksetradinanca yah sthitah
akrsya harina sarvah
sthapitah svesu namasu
"Lord Krishna, Lord of the demigod, possesses inconceivable potencies, and all of His names are endowed with the same potencies. One should develop attachment for Krishna's holy names. Take shelter and worship the holy name, for the omnipotent name can give one every desirable object.
yac cabhir ucitam nama
tat sarvarthesu yojayet
"The world becomes joyful hearing Hrisikesa's Krishna holy name, and they become attached to Him. The perfected souls offer their respectful homage to Him, but the demons are afraid, and they flee away. Lord Krishna and His names are the same; the name has immense powers of influence — It is not lacking in anything.
sthane hrsikesa tava prakirtya
jagat prahrsyaty anurajyate ca
raksamsi bhitani drso dravanti
sarve namasyanti ca-siddha-sanghah
"O master of the senses, the world becomes joyful upon Your name, and thus everyone becomes attached to You. Although the perfected beings offer You their respected homage, the demons are afraid, and they flee here and there All this is rightly done.
"Special material qualifications, caste, etc. are not the required qualifications for chanting the holy name. One does not need to have formal initiation or have undergone vows of purification to be eligible to chant the holy name. Whoever constantly chants the names of the Supreme Lord: Narayana, Jagannatha, Vasudeva, Janardana, is respected by all as a spiritual master. That person who chants Lord Krishna's name in sleeping, walking, dreaming and while performing other chores, is to be worshipped by everyone.
te vai sarvatra banditah
s vapan bhunjana vrajams-
tisthan uttisthams-ca vadamas
tatha ye vadanti harer-nama
tebhyo nityam namo namah
"Anyone who chants Lord Krishna's holy name is to be worshipped like a guru without considering that such a person is a woman, a sudra, a pukkasa, a yavana or of even lower birth.
stri sudrah pukkaso vapi
ye canye papayonayah
kirtayanti harim bhaktya
tebhyo'piha namo namah
"One who is shelterless, who has no higher spiritual goals, who is a debauchee, cruel, violent, very licentious and devoid of knowledge, austerity or religious principles can become more elevated than the pious men simply by the chanting holy name.
anaya gatayo martya
sukhena yam gatim yanti
na tam sarve'pi dharmikah
"There are no rules indicating time, place or circumstances for chanting the holy name, nor is anyone prohibited from chanting if he is unclean or contaminated.
"Just go on chanting the holy name of Lord Krishna. Do not be inhibited by external rules such as those governing cleanliness, the holy name is fully independent of all such material proscriptions and It is the supremely purifying agent— cleansing everything but without becoming affected in any way.
sada sarvatra kirtayet
na saucam kirtane tasya-
sa pavitrkaro yatah
"Ritualistic religious practices like yajna, charity, sacred baths and chanting of Vedic hymns are all regulated by rules of times, cleanliness, etc. To consider that the chanting of the holy name is subject to the same restrictions is a gross blunder. There are no hard and fast rules for chanting. Therefore, everyone chant Krishna's name at all times.
na desa-niyamo rajan
vidyate natra sandeho
visnor-nama anu kirtane
kalo'sti dane yajne
ca sthane kalo'sti sajjape
nasty atra prthivitale
"For the yogi who is searching for peace of mind, tranquillity and freedom from fear, the only quick and effective way is to chant the holy name.
yoginam rupa nirnitam
"O king, constant chanting of the holy name of the Lord after the ways of the great authorities is the doubtless and fearless way of success for all, including those who are free from all material desires, those who are desirous of all material enjoyment, and also those who are self-satisfied by dint of transcendental knowledge.
"Lord's holy name is the most magnanimous deliverer of souls. The name alone offers the living entity sure and easy liberation. One needs to chant the bisyllabic name of the Supreme Lord Hari, just once, and immediately become an eligible candidate for liberation.
moksaya gamanam prati
"Anyone who chants Lord Narayana's holy name even once with a pure heart, having conquered sleep and lethargy, is liberated and is in constant communion with the Lord.
sudhantah karano bhutva
"A ;living entity, enmeshed in the abysmal ocean of repeated birth and death, even if unconsciously chants the holy name of Hari Krishna he becomes immediately liberated and personified fear being afraid of the holy name goes away.
apannah samsrtim ghoram
yan-nama vivaso grnan
tatah sadyo vimucyeta
yad bibheti svayam bhayam
"Living beings who are entangled in the complicated meshes of birth and death can be freed immediately by even unconsciously chanting the holy name of Krishna, which is feared by fear personified.
"Let me take shelter of the lotus feet of the Supreme Lord, whose incarnations, transcendental qualities and activities are all mysterious imitations of worldly affairs. One who invokes His transcendental names, even unconsciously, at the time of death, is certainly absolved of all his sins of many lifetimes, and attains Him without fail.
namani ye' su-vigame vivasa grnanti
te'nai ka-janma samalam sahasaiva hitva
samyanty apavrtamrtam tam ajam prapadye
"Let me take shelter of the lotus feet of Him whose incarnations, qualities, and activities are mysterious imitations of worldly affairs. One who invokes His transcendental names, even unconsciously, at the time he quits this life, is certainly washed immediately of the sins of many, many births and attains Him without fail.
"In our normal activities of eating, sleeping, sitting, dreaming, etc. to chant Krishna's names, while nullify the ill effects of Kali-yuga, is the perfection of speech. Even it a person chants Krishna's names indifferently, he will surely achieve his svarupa, or original spiritual self and attain that state beyond all material fear and lamentation. He will reach Vaikuntha, the supreme goal.
krtva svarupatam yati
bhakti-yuktam param vrajet
surapo vyadhito'pi va
"If somehow or other one chants Krishna's holy name, Krishna is attracted to him and He showers him with causeless mercy. Even a ghostly haunted drunkard, miserably suffering numerous health disorders simply chants the holy name, then liberation is immediately within his easy reach.
madhura-madhuram etan mangalanam sakalnigama
vali-sat phalam cit-svarupam
sakrd-api parigitam sraddhaya helaya va bhrguvara
nara matram tarayet krishna nama
"Amongst the different limbs of bhakti chanting of the holy name is, according to all the scriptures, the most efficacious. Astanga-yoga necessitates much arduous physical and mental exercise in order to remember the Supreme Lord Vishnu. But simply moving the lips and chanting is the best form of glorification and remembrance of the Supreme Lord.
aghacchit smaranam visnor
kirtanantu tato varam
"One who has worshipped the Deity of the Lord for at least a thousand lifetimes, and in each life having taken proper brahmanical initiation, is able to vibrate the holy name of Lord.
yena janma-sataih purvam
sada tisthani bharata
"The supreme goal which was attained in Satya-yuga by years of prolonged meditation; in Treta-yuga by performing extensive yajnas; in Dvapara-yuga by opulent and scrupulous Deity worship; in Kali-yuga the same results are easily had simply by the chanting of the holy name.
dhyayan krte yajan yajnais-
tretayam dvapare rcayan
kalau samkirtaya kesavam
"The hallmark of a mahabhagavata the most elevated devotee in kali-yuga is that he chants the holy name of the Lord constantly.
kalau smakirtaya kesavam
"The extraordinary result derived from chanting the transcendentally empowered and eternal name of Krishna just a few times cannot be satisfactorily described, even by persons like Lord Siva or Lord Brahma. So marvellous is the holy name that immediately upon chanting It, the chanter attains the supreme destination.
sakrd uccarayanty eva
harer nama cidamakam
phalam nasya ksamo vaktum
naro yayat param padam
"Lord Krishna said to Arjuna, 'O Arjuna! Listen attentively. When the living entity chants My name, whether out of devotion or indifference, I never forget this act. It remains always close to My heart. There is now vow like chanting the holy name, no knowledge superior to It, no meditation which comes anywhere near it, and it gives the highest result. No penance is equal to it, and nothing is as potent or powerful as the holy name.
"Chanting is the greatest act of piety and the supreme refuge. Even the words of the Vedas do not possess sufficient power to describe its magnitude. Chanting is the highest path to liberation, peace and eternal life. It is the pinnacle of devotion, the heart's joyous proclivity and attraction and the best form of remembrance of the Supreme Lord. The holy name has appeared solely for the benefit of the living entities as their Lord and master, their supreme worshipable object and their spiritual guide and mentor.
sraddhaya helaya nama ratani mama jantuvah
tesam nama sada partha vartate hrdaye mama
na nama-sadrsam jnanam na nama-sadrsam vratam
na nama sadrsam dhyvanam na nama sadrsam phalam
na nama sadrsastyago na namasadrsah samah
na namasadrsam pnyam na namasadrsi gatih
namaiva parama muktir namaiva parama gatih
namaiva parama santir namaiva parama sthitih
namaiva parama bhaktir namaiva parama matih
namaiva parama pritir namaiva parama smritih
namaiva karanam jantor namaiva prabhur eva ca
namaiva paramaradhyam namaiva paramo guruh
"There are no limits to the glories of the holy name. Just by hearing the Lord's names even a pukkasa, the lowest of mankind can be saved.
na hi bhagavan aghatitam idam
tvad-darsanam nrnam akhila-papa-ksayah
yan-nama sakrc chravanat
pukkaso 'pi vimucyate samsarat
"My Lord, it is not impossible for one to be immediately freed from all material contamination by seeing You. Not to speak of seeing You personally, merely by hearing the holy name of Your Lordship only once, even candalas, men of the lowest class are freed from all material contamination. Under the circumstances, who will not be freed from material contamination simply by seeing You?
"Whoever continuously chants Lord Krishna's holy name, even in his sleep, can easily realise that the name is a direct manifestation of Krishna Himself, in spite of the influences of Kali-yuga. This has been ordained by Lord Krishna.
krishna krsneti krsneti
svapan jagrad vrajamstatha
yo jalpati kalau nityam
krishna-rupi bhaveddhi sah
"One who chants Krishna's name and constantly remembers Him, even though living in this material ocean of nescience, is like the lotus, which is born in the water but is untouched by it: it's position is transcendental. This great soul is capable of liberating all the suffering residents of the hellish planets.
krishna krsneti krsneti
yo mam s marati nityasah
jalam hitva yatha padmam
"The holy name is the prime and most secure shelter for the living entities. The holy name can eradicate endless offenses and liberate a person.
namnam mukhyataram nama
krishnakhyam me parantapa
papanam mocakam param
"The holy name is a transcendental touchstone, a direct manifestation of Krishna Himself, a fully cognisant Being, perfect, pure, eternally independent— the name and Krishna are identical.
nama cintamanih krishnas-
purnah suddho nitya-mukto
"One who philosophically understands that the Lord's holy name and His potencies are the same can properly approach and worship the Supreme Lord with transcendental knowledge and choice prayers."
om a'sya jananto nama cid-vivaktan
mahaste visnoh sumatim bhajamahe om tat sat
Rg Veda 1.56.3
Shri Krishnadasa, a resident of a dhama, then humbly enquired from lord Chaitanya with folded hands: "Dear Lord, I have one other clarification to be made, which I place before Your lotus feet: after having heard the wonderful glories of the holy name, I wonder why chanting does not give everyone the same result."
The Lord replied, "Sraddha faith is the root of everyone's spiritual life. Some persons do not get results from chanting due to their lack of faith. The holy name is the Supreme Lord Himself, residing in everyone's heart as the Supersoul and He offers success in chanting proportionate to one's faith. Persons who do not have sufficient faith in the holy name or the chanting process, cannot have spiritual progress. Instead they slide down the path to destruction, committing offenses against the holy name.
They misinterpret the glories and transcendental nature of the holy name, and due to this offense they suffer hellish existence."
sambhavayati yo narah
sa papistho manusyanam
niraye patati sphutam Katyayani Samhita
yannama-kirtana vividhan nisamya na sraddadhati manute
yo manusas-tan-iha duhkhaca ye ksipami sansara-ghora vividharti