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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Prema Vivarta > 01. Mangalacarana

Chapter 1—Mangalacarana



The loving affairs of Shri Shri Radha and Krishna are transcendental manifestations of the Lord's internal pleasure-giving-potency.  Although Radha and Krishna are one in Their identity, They have separated Themselves eternally. Now these two transcendental identities have again united in the form of Shri Krishna Chaitanya. I bow down to Him, who has manifested Himself with the sentiment and complexion of Shrimati Radharani, although He is Krishna Himself.


The transcendental identities of Shri Radha and Shri Krishna


I offer my prostrated obeisances again and again to the indivisible, non-dual truth, Shri Krishna, who is the ultimate essence of all scriptural conclusions.

          That absolute principle sometimes manifests Himself as two— Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna— and sometimes as one Supreme Absolute in the form of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.


          The Supreme Truth is one without a second, and there is no difference between the Lord and His absolute potency. Yet simultaneously, there is an eternal difference  between the two, hence the entire Vedic literature emphasizes the principle that the Supreme Lord's potencies are inconceivably one and different from the Lord Himself.


          The Supreme Absolute Truth is the embodiment of knowledge, samvit, His sandhini potency sustains His own existence of all others, and His pastimes are carried out by His hladini potency.  Thus He manifests Himself by these three principal potencies and their innumerable sub-potencies.


          The Supreme Absolute Truth manifests Himself through His multifarious transcendental potencies, and everything is achieved through the interaction of these potencies. Thus, dynamic exchanges of pure emotions are eternally exhibited in the indivisible Supreme, yet the energy and the Energetic are always non-different.


          The pleasure potency transforms the original Absolute Truth, Shri Krishna, into two forms, Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna, and thus wonderfully arranges transcendental pastimes for Them.


          The loving affairs of Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna, are transformations of the 'hladini sakti' or the pleasure potency. And it is this inconceivable potency which maddens Radharani and Krishna. The hladini possesses the extraordinary capacity to make the impossible happen, without Herself being affected; She is also responsible for creating variagatedness in transcendence.






The Absolute Truth is imperceptible to empiricists and is revealed only by Lord Krishna's Grace


          This gives rise to an extraordinary point of consideration: the empiricists and speculators can never understand this subject matter if they go on thinking about it for thousands and millions of years. Only that person who has received the mercy of Lord Krishna can know about these esoteric subject matters.  Speculations on them for millions of years will not crystallize into actual comprehension.


          The loving affairs of Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna are transcendental manifestations of the Lord's internal pleasure-giving potency hladini. The quintessence of Their loving exchanges is ecstasy, in which Their hearts become maddened with love.


          When Krishna becomes two separate identities, Shrimati Radharani and Himself, loving affairs take place and hladini transforms Herself into various loving pastimes.  These loving pastimes are eternally present but in an unmanifest state prior to the transcendental forms, of Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna, are manifest as two personalities. How then did one become two? The pleasure potency of the Lord necessitates the existence of two separate identities, but whence came this pleasure potency of the Lord that created this division?


          The answer to this question is that all of these affairs are taking place because of the omnipotent will of Lord Krishna, who is eternally beyond the influence of time and circumstances.


Spiritual Truth is transcendental to the influence of material nature


          Material nature is bound by past and future due to the influence of time factor, but the transcendental energy or the absolute reality is free from inebrieties like past and future.  The most wonderful thing about It is that It exists eternally in the present.


This spiritual reality, the transcendental existence, is beyond the realm of sense perception, as well as mundane words and mental faculty.  The truth is that any attempt to describe this reality will merely result in the commission of some grievous offense. This transcendental reality is devoid of any discrepancies or mistakes, and everything there finds perfect harmony in the inconceivable energy of the Lord.


Moreover, any inconsistency is totally absent in spiritual reality, which is forever fresh and dynamic, and intoxicates one with spiritual bliss. Thus, it is the nature of this reality that we see apparent contradictions and opposing sentiments existing simultaneously in It.


A most amazing attribute of transcendental reality is that It shelters contrary concepts.  It is sufficiently proficient to initiate activities without the pleasure potency becoming manifest.



          Before the pleasure potency manifests Herself, she arranges that Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna appear as two separate transcendental personalities and the loving exchanges between Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna causes Her to be born. Eternally existent, the transcendental reality is always free from material incongruities such as time, fallacies and so on.  On the other hand, it is only appropriate that the time factor and dualities co-exist in material nature.

          The non-dual Absolute Truth and the transcendental reality of Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna exist simultaneously and eternally, and both are situated in the pure absolute plane.


Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna are united in Lord Chaitanya


          Thus, Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna entered into one transcendental form which presently appears as my dearmost Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.


And when I say 'presently' do not mistakenly judge this according to the mundane time factor.  Remember, the transcendental truth is beyond the influence of time. Thus to say that Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna appeared before Lord Chaitanya, who made His appearance recently, would be an attempt to impose material inebrieties like time and chronological order on Them.  This misconception will totally alienate us from the eternal Truth.

          The word ekatma means an independent and individual spirit; so, if you consider that this word refers to Lord Chaitanya alone, then it implies that Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna appeared later than Lord Chaitanya.


Do not waste valuable time uselessly trying to debate who appeared first - Shrimati Radharani and Lord Krishna or the son of Shrimati Sacidevi, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  Earlier I explained that everything is perfectly adjusted on the transcendental plane. Thus, be extra cautious before you enter into a debate about who appeared first —Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu or Shri Krishna.

          The two qualities, namely simultaneity and eternality are characteristic of the absolute reality which finds full expression in transcendental truth. Uninterrupted spiritual pastimes are the supreme excellences of this transcendental truth.


The pleasure-giving hladini potency simultaneously shelters two truths, as far as I know.  One is pranaya, or loving exchange, and the other is vikara, or the transformation of that love or the pastimes between Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna. That transcendental potency has now appeared in this material world in the form of Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. He roams along the banks of the Ganges, constantly performing congregational chanting of the holy name of God.

          The pastimes of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are even more ecstatic than the pastimes of Lord Shri Krishna. In Lord Chaitanya's lila the loving exchanges reach their quintessence.  When this love achieved excessive heights, hladini, or the pleasure potency of the Lord, embraced Krishna with feelings of great ecstasy and covered Him with the mood and lustre of Shrimati Radharani.



          Lord Krishna, appearing in His full manifestation as Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, came to His own abode Navadvipa-dhama where He felt a much greater pleasure than in Vraja-dhama.  He appeared in Navadvipa to fulfil the specific purpose of His incarnation and to relish His heart's desire.

Lord Chaitanya's true identity


          The form of Lord Chaitanya is the non-different, original and most wonderful manifestation of Lord Krishna.  Simultaneously the form of Lord Krishna is the original and most unprecedented manifestation of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

          The two Supreme Personalities are most nectarean because of the pleasure potency. They are sweeter than the sweetest nectar and more. Lord Krishna's sweet nectarean form is the form of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and I offer my repeated obeisances at His lotus feet.

          If you analyse the word ekatma, you might say it means Brahman or the formless.  You might also say that Brahman is the source of the appearance of Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna.  But this is not the proper conclusion of the verse under discussion. The real meaning is that these two identities have become one again in the form of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Brahman is Lord Chaitanya's bodily effulgence


          Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu must never be considered as the formless impersonal brahman.  He is the dynamic embodiment of bliss, the Supreme Personality in a pure state of existence.  Brahman is the impersonal bodily effulgence of the Lord and thus Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the source of Brahman.

          Therefore the word ekatma addresses only Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Erudite scholars such as Svarupa Damodara Gosvami are truly fortunate, because they have understood this.

          Thus, offer your obeisances to that Absolute Truth — ekatma. Then you shall receive service at the lotus feet of Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna, and all of your desires will find complete fulfilment.


Paramatma or Supersoul is Lord Chaitanya's partial expansion


          And, if you conjure that the word ekatma means paramatma, or the Supersoul, from which Radha and Krishna have appeared as two separate identities, then the import of the verse is not fully justified, and it contradicts very strongly the definition of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.


Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the original Absolute Truth, and one must understand that the Supersoul always remains His plenary expansion.


Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the Lord of my heart, He is the form of ekatma, the oneness of Shrimati Radharani and Shri Krishna. I am a maidservant of the lotus feet of Shrimati Radharani and there is no other position I desire more.  I love that form which has been adorned with the lustre of Shrimati Radharani.

          I offer my fallen obeisances with undivided surrender at His lotus feet, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, son of Mother Saci, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.