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Festivities at Gaura's
tato dvijebhyah pradadau muhur muhuh / pugani malyani ca gandhavanti
sa-candana gandham ananya-saurabha / janash ca
sarve jahur jagur muda 1
tatah - then; dvijebhyah - unto the
brahmanas; pradadau - He gave; muhuh muhuh - again and again; pugani - betel
nuts; malyani - garlands; ca - and; gandhavanti - fragrant; sa-candanam - with
sandalwood; gandham - scents; ananya-saurabham - incomparable fragrance; janah
- the people; ca - and; sarve - all; jahuh - rejoiced; jaguh - sang; muda - in
Then the Lord gave to each and every member
of the twice-born, chewing pan with spices and a fragrant flower garland. Then
He anointed them with pulp of sandal and scented oils of matchless fragance.
All the people exultantly sang out of gladness.
sa vallabho 'bhyetya su-mangalair dvijair / naraish ca bhudeva-pati-vratadibhih
jamatara gandha-sugandhi-malyai /
shubhadhivasa vidadhe samarcya tam 2
He; vallabhah - Vallabha _carya; abhyetya - arrived; su-mangalaih - with very
auspicious; dvijaih - brahmanas; naraih - with men; ca - and; bhu-deva -
brahmanas; pati-vrata - chaste wives; adibhih - and others; jamataram - son-in
-law; gandha - scents; su-gandhi-malyaih - very fragrant garlands; shubha -
resplendent; adhivasam - marriage rituals; vidadhe - he bestowed; samarcya -
having honored; tam - Him.
Shri Vallabha _carya came with saintly
brahmanas, accompanied by their chaste wives and others. He worshipped his
son-in-law by offering Him scented oils and fragrant garlands.
atha prabhate vimale 'rune 'rke / svaya kta-snana-vidhir yathavat
harih samabhyarcya pitn suradin /
nandimukha-shraddham athakarot dvijaih 3
atha - then; prabhate - dawn; vimale -
clear; arune - reddening arke - when the sun; svayam - Himself;
kta-snana-vidhih - took His bath according to scripture; yathavat - correctly;
harih - Gaura Hari; samabhyarcya - having worshipped; pitn - the forefathers;
sura-adin - the godly controllers and others; nandi-mukha-shraddham - ceremony
to benefit ancestors in a diseased condition; atha - then; akarot - did;
dvijaih - with the brahmanas.
Then at dawn when the clear sky was reddened
by the rising sun, Gaura Hari took His bath according to the guidance of
scripture, and with the assistance of brahmanas He ritually honored His
forefathers and offered them oblations to relieve them of any distress. He also
offered oblations to the gods and to all godly beings.
tato dvijana yajua sunisvanair / mdanga-bheri-patahadi-naditaih
varanganavakt-saroja-mangalo- / jjvala-svanair
avavdhe mahotsavah 4
tatah - then; dvijanam - of the brahmanas;
yajuam - of the Yajur Veda; su-nisvanaih - with pleasant sounds; mdanga - clay
drum; bheri - kettledrum; pataha - tabor drum; adi - and others; naditaih -
with sounds; vara-angana - beautiful women; vaktra - mouth; saroja - lotus;
mangala - auspicious; ujjvala - effulgent; svanaih - with sounds; avavdhe -
flourished; mahotsavah - the festival.
Then a great festival flourished throughout
the day as the pleasing vibrations of the brahmanas intoning mantras from the
Yajur Veda combined with the rhythmic beats of mdangas, kettle drums, tabors
and other drums, as well as the charming and auspicious sounds of ululating
from the lotus-like lips of the lovely ladies.
shaci susapujya kula-striya muda / tatragatan bandu-janash ca sarvashah
uvaca ki bhart-vihinaya maya / kartavyam
evatra bhavad-vidhaih svayam 5
shaci - Shaci Devi; su-sapujya - having nicely
worshipped; kula-striyam - ladies of the family; muda - with delight; tatra -
there; agatan - having come; bandu-janan - male relatives; ca - and; sarvashah
- by all manner; uvaca - said; kim - what?; bhart-vihinaya - by being bereft of
my husband; maya - by me; kartavyam - should be done; eva - indeed; atra -
here; bhavat-vidhaih - by such persons as you; svayam - yourselves.
Shaci Devi joyously welcomed the ladies of
her family as well as the gentlemen in every way she could. She requested of
them, "How can I, a poor widow, perform this wedding alone? Kindly assist
me by doing all that requires to be done."
sva-matur ittha karunanvita vaco / nishamya tata paritapta-cittah
mukta-phala-sthulatarashru-bindun / uvaha
vakah sthala-hara-vibhraman 6
sva-matuh - of His mother; ittham - thus;
karuna-anvitam - doleful; vacah - words; nishamya - hearing; tatam - dear
father; paritapta - very anguished; cittah - mind; mukta-phala - pearls;
sthulatara - bigger; ashru-bindun - tear drops; uvaha - made a flow; vakah -
chest; sthala - mound; hara - necklace; vibhraman - illusion.
Hearing such pitiable words from His mother,
Gaura Hari's mind became much distressed by thoughts of His dear father, and
from His eyes tear-drops larger than pearls fell upon the mounds of His chest,
making the illusion of a necklace.
nirikya putra karunanvita shaci / suvismita praha pati-vratadibhih
pitah katha mangala-karmani svayam / amangala
vari vimuncase dshoh 7
nirikya - seeing; putram - her son;
karuna-anvitam - sorrowful; shaci - Shri Shaci Devi; su-vismita - very
mystified; praha - said; pati-vrata - women dedicated to their husband; adibhih
- and others; pitah - O father; katham - how?; mangala-karmani - during an
auspicious event; svayam - Yourself; amangalam - inauspicious; vari - water;
vimuncase - You are releasing; dshoh - from the eyes.
Standing amongst the chaste women, Shaci Devi
became struck with wonder, to see her son so sorrowful. "O father
Nimai," she said, "On this auspicious occasion, why do You let these
inauspicious tears fall from Your eyes?"
sa matur ittha vacana nipiya / pit-smti-shvasa-malimasananah
sa matur samipa prativacam adade / navina
gambhira-ghana-svana yatha 8
sah - He; matuh - of His mother; ittham -
thus; vacanam - words; nipiya - reproaching; pit - father; smti - remembrance;
shvasa - sighs; malimasa - darkened; ananah - face; matuh - of His mother;
samipam - nearby; prativacam - reply; adade - gave; navina - new; gambhira -
deep; ghana - cloud; svanam - sound; yatha - as.
Nimai sighed, His face became dark by
remembrance of His father, and He reproached His mother for these words.
Standing by her, He replied in a deep voice, resounding like a water-laden cloud
newly arrived in the sky.
dhanani va me manujash ca matar / na santi ki yena vacah samiritam
tvayadya dineva parashraya yatah / pita
mamadarshanatam agad iti 9
dhanani - wealth; va - or; me - My; manujah
- men; ca - and; matah - O mother!; na - not; santi - they are; kim - whether?;
yena - by which; vacah - words; samiritam - uttered; tvaya - by you; adya -
today; dina - lowly; iva - like; parashrayam - shelter for others; yatah -
whence; pita - father; mama - my; adarshanatam - not visible; agat - gone; iti
"O Mother, do you speak today as if
distressed because I have no wealth and followers, or is it rather because My
father, who gave shelter to others, is no longer visible to our eyes?
tvayaiva dta dvija-sajjanebhyah / supuga-purnani ca bhajanani
vara-traya datum ananya-saram /
tvaya - by you; eva - surely; dtam - seen;
dvija-sajjanebhyah - to the saintly brahmanas; su-puga-purnani - full of good
betel; ca - and; bhajanani - receptacles; vara-trayam - three times; datum - to
give; ananya-saram - incomparable essence; sarva-anga - all the body; samlepana
- anointed; yogya - suitable; gandham - scented oils.
"You saw the pots filled with fine
betelnut given thrice to the saintly brahmanas and how they were all anointed
with fragrant oils.
anyeu yogyeu ca suvyayo yat / tattva vijanasi yatha yatheshtam
amartya-karyeu mamasti shaktis / tathapi
loka-carita karomi 11
anyeu - amongst others; yogyeu - suitable;
ca - and; su-vyayah - much expense; yat - which; tattvam - truth; vijanasi -
you know; yatha yatha- each and every; ishtam - desired; amartya-karyeu - in
immortal duties; mama - my; asti - it is; shaktih - energy; tathapi - still;
loka - people; caritam - character; karomi - I perform.
"You know how much wealth was spent on
other deserving persons and how I satisfied their every desire. Truly My real
power lies in spiritual duties, yet still I am acting in this way to show an
exemplary character for all people.
pitra vihino 'ham agadha-shaktis / tathapi matur vacasa dunomi
itirita tasya nishamya mata / ta shantayitva
madhurair vacobhih 12
pitra - by My father; vihinah - without;
aham - I; agadha-shaktih - unfathomable power; tathapi - still; matuh - of My
mother; vacasa - by the words; dunomi - I am consumed with sorrow; iti - thus;
iritam - spoken; tasya - His; nishamya - hearing; mata - mother; tam - Him;
shantayitva - having consoled; madhuraih - with sweet; vacobhih - words.
"Although bereft of My father, I possess
unfathomable power. Still, dear mother, I am filled with sorrow to hear you
speak such words." Hearing this, His mother consoled Him sweetly.
prasadhanair ashuka-ratna-yugmair / vibhuayam asur anarghya-malyair
shri-gaura-candra jagad-eka-bandhu / strina
mano-jna rucita sma yena 13
sa-candanair aguru-sara-gandhaih / samalipan putram adina-shraddhah
tada kumarah pthivi-suranam / samagatah
puruarabha shubhe 14
prasadhanaih - with ornaments; ashuka -
garments; ratna-yugmai - with jewels; vibhuayam asuh - they ornamented;
anarghya - invaluable; malyaih - garlands; shri-gaura-candram - Lord Gaura
Candra; jagat-eka-bandhum - the sole friend of all living beings; strinam - of
women; mana-jnam - charming; rucitam - pleasing; sma - was; yena - by which;
sa-candanaih - with sandalwood pulp; aguru-sara-gandhaih - with the fragrant
oil of aguru; samalipan - anointing; putram - son; adina - noble; shraddhah -
faithful; tada - then; kumarah - sons; pthivi-suranam - of the brahmanas;
samagatah - assembled; purua-abham - the best of males; shubhe - on that
At that auspicious moment, noble and faithful brahmanas's sons assembled to anoint Gaura Candra, that best among males, whose attractive luster was enchanting to the womenfolk, with the pulp of sandal and oil of aguru. They adorned the only friend of all living beings with silken cloths embroidered by jewels, as well as garlands of choice flowers and precious necklaces.
tasmin kane vallabha-mishra-varyah / karya pitnam atha devatana
samapya kanya vara-hema-gauri / vibhuitam
abharanaih sa cakre 15
tasmin kane - at that moment;
vallabha-mishra-varyah - the venerable brahmana, Vallabha _carya; karyam -
duty; pitnam - of the forefathers; atha - then; devatanam - of the demigods;
samapya - completing; kanyam - daughter; vara - valuable; hema-gaurim - shone
like white gold; vibhuitam - decorated; abharanaih - with ornaments; sah - he;
cakre - made.
At that moment, the venerable Vallabhacarya's
duty to his forefathers and to the devatas, concerning his daughter were
complete. His daughter Lakshmi had been decorated with ornaments and her
complexion shone with a luster like precious white gold.
tato dvijan anayane varenyan / varasya sapreitavan sametya
ucush ca te mangala-purvam ashu / shubhaya
yatra kuru sama-ghoaih 16
tatah - then; dvijan - the brahmanas;
anayane - bringing near; varenyan - excellent; varasya - of the bridegroom;
sapreitavan - invited; sametya - having met; ucuh - they said; ca - and; te -
to you; mangala-purvam - attended by auspiciousness; ashu - quickly; shubhaya -
for auspiciousness; yatram - festive procession; kuru - do; sama-ghoaih - with
utterances from the Sama Veda.
Then he brought the exalted brahmanas, whom
he had invited, and after introducing them to the bridegroom, the brahmanas
said, "To invoke auspiciousness let us immediately start the festive
procession with hymns from the Sama-Veda."
svaya harir vipra-varasya sajjanair / manuya-yane jaya-nisvanair yayau
pradipta-dipavalibhir niketana / mishrasya
haima shikhara shivo yatha 17
svayam - Himself; harih - Lord Hari;
vipra-varasya - belonging to the best of the vipras; sat-janaih - with the good
men; manuya-yane - on the palanquin; jaya-nisvanaih - by the sounds of victory;
yayau - he went; pradipta-dipa-avalibhih - with the lines of blazing torches;
niketanam - home; mishrasya - of the Mishra; haimam - covered with ice;
shikharam - mountain peak; shivah - Lord Shiva; yatha - just as.
Then, just as Shiva went with Parvati to be
wed on a golden peak of Mount Sumeru, Gaura Hari went to the _carya's home in a
palanquin carried by godly men engaged by Vallabhacarya. All the gentlemen
called, "Jaya! Jaya!" and lit the way with blazing torches.
tato 'bhigamyashramam atmano nayan / mishrah svaya ta varaya babhuva
padyadina gandha-varashu-malyair / dhupais
tatah - then; abhigamya - arriving; ashramam
- place for spiritual development; atmanah - own; nayan - leading; mishrah - Shri
Mishra; svayam - heart-felt; varayam babhuva - He welcomed; padya-adina - with
offerings of padya (footwash), etc.; gandha-vara - excellent scents;
ashu-malyaih - with lustrous garlands; dhupaih - with incense; tatha eva - and
certainly; aguru-sara-yuktaih - with oil of aguru.
When they arrived at his ashrama, the _carya
himself ushered in Shri Gauranga and giving Him a heart-felt welcome. He bathed
the Lord's feet, offered valuable gifts, poured refreshing spiced water to sip,
adorned Him with fragrant flower garlands interwoven with gold tinsel, and
burned incense scented with aguru.
babhau varah purna-nishakara-prabha / jita-smara-smera-mukhena rocia
pratapta-cami-kara-rocia lasat /
babhau - He shone; varah - the bridegroom;
purna-nishakara - the full moon; prabha - effulgence; jita-smara - defeating
Cupid; smera - smiling; mukhena - by His face; rocia - by the brightness;
pratapta - glowing; cami-kara - gold; rocia - by His effulgence; lasat -
shining; su-meru - Mount Meru; shuddha - pure; ujjvala - blazing; deha - body;
yatih - slender.
The golden luminescence of the bridegroom's
smiling face shone with the brightness of the full moon, defeating Cupid, and
His slender body was as brilliant as Mount Sumeru.
kara-dvayenangada-kankananguli / virajitenabja-talabhishobhina
analpa-kalpa-drumam ashu vyahanat /
samashritanam abhilaa-do harih 20
kara-dvayena - with two hands; angada -
bangles; kankana - bracelets; anguli - rings; virajitena - with shining; abja -
lotus; tala - palms; abhishobhina - very beautified; analpa - not small
(great); kalpa-drumam - desire tree; ashu - soon; vyahanat - defeated;
samashritanam - of those fully surrendered; abhilaa-dah - fulfiller of desires;
harih - Lord Hari.
His hands with beautiful lotus palms
glittered with rings, bracelets and bangles, defeating the opulence of a forest
of desire trees, for Shri Hari fulfills the desires of all those who surrender
suta samaniya nishakara-prabham / prabha-vinidhvanta-tamah-samagram
svalankta sadhu dadau jagad-guroh / pade
'bhireje 'tha tayor abhikhya 21
sutam - son; samaniya - bringing;
nishakara-prabham - moon-like effulgence; prabha - illumination; vinidhvanta -
destroyed; tamah - darkness; samagram - completely; su-alanktam - nicely
decorated; sadhu - well; dadau - he gave; jagat-guroh - of the guru of all
sentient beings; pade - to the feet; abhireje - brightly shone; atha - then;
tayoh - of those two; abhikhya - beauty.
The moon-like luster of Shri Vallabha's
nicely ornamented daughter dispelled all darkness. Leading her forward, he
offered her at the feet of the guru of all the worlds. Thus joined together,
that couple's beauty shone forth most effulgently.
tayor mukhenduh samarojjvala-shriya / sa-rohini-candra-samah sushobham
pupoatuh pupa-cayair asincata / paraspara tau
tayoh - of those two; mukha-induh -
moon-face; samara - meeting; ujjvala - brilliant; shriya - by the opulence;
sa-rohini - with the star Rohini; candra - the moon; samah - like; su-shobham -
very beautiful; pupoatuh - they nourished; pupa-cayaih - with heaps of flowers;
asincatam - they sprinkled; parasparam - on one another; tau - they two;
hara-parvati - Lord Shiva and Parvati; iva - like.
When the brilliant opulence of those two
luminous faces met, their sublime splendor brought to mind the conjunction of
the moon with the auspicious star Rohini. Then, like Shiva and Parvati, they
took delight in showering one another with heaps of flowers.
athopavite kamaladhinathe / lakmish ca tatropavivesha hriyuta
puras tato 'bhyetya shucih samavishad / datu
sa kanya vidhina vidhana-vit 23
atha - then; upavite - seated; kamala -
Lakshmi; adhinathe - the Supreme Lord; lakmih - Lakmi Devi; ca - and; tatra -
there; upavivesha - sat; hri-yuta - with shyness; purah - before; tatah - then;
abhyetya - approaching; shucih - pure; samavishat - he approached; datum - to
give; sah - he; kanyam - daughter; vidhina - according to shastra; vidhana-vit
- the knower of the shastra.
The Lord of Lakshmi was seated, and Lakshmi
also shyly sat down. Then after purifying himself by acamana, Vallabhacarya,
who was well conversant with Vedic precepts, approached the Lord to ritually
present his daughter to Him.
yasyanghri-padme vinivedya padya / praja-patih prapa jagat-siskam
tatraiva padya vidadhe sa vallabho /
yasya - whose; anghri-padme - at the lotus
feet; vinivedya - having offered; padyam - a footwash; praja-patih - Brahma;
prapa - received; jagat-siskam - the determination to create; tatra - there;
eva - indeed; padyam - footwash; vidadhe - performed; sah - He; vallabhah - Vallabha
_carya; nakha - nails; dyuti - light; dhvanta - darkness; tamah - ignorance;
samuhe - accumulation.
In ancient times Shri Brahma washed those
lotus feet. Thus he attained the intelligence for universal creation. Now Shri
Vallabha bathed those same feet. The _carya desired to eradicate the darkness
in his heart by taking shelter of Vishvambhara's dazzling toe-nails.
yasmai mahendro 'dhinpasana dadau / sa-ratna-sihasana-kambala-vtam
tasmai sa kausheya-suvishtarasanam / dadau
nipita vara-pita-vasase 25
yasmai - unto whom; maha-indrah - Lord
Indra; adhi-npa-asanam - seat of the emperor; dadau - he gave; sa-ratna - with
jewels; siha-asana - lion seat; kambala-vtam - covered with a blanket; tasmai -
unto Him; sah - he; kausheya - silk; su-vishtara-asanam - very nice seat; dadau
- he gave; nipitam - drank in; vara-pita-vasase - in a beautiful yellow
When Gaura appeared in a former avatara, the
great Indra once presented Him his own imperial lion-throne, bedecked with gems
and the royal blanket. Now Shri Vallabha offered a regal seat of silk to that
same Lord, Shri Gauranga Hari, who was dressed in splendid yellow garments.
Then he drank the beauty of the Lord through his eyes.
kramena so 'rghyadikam eva karma- / vidhanato hara-tanuruhodgamaih
ktva ktajnah pradadau hareh kare / kanya
samutsjya saroja-locanam 26
kramena - one after the other; sah - he;
arghya-adikam - valuable gifts, etc.; eva - certainly; karma-vidhanatah -
according to the standard of that work; hara - jubilation; tanu-ruha-udgamaih -
by standing up of his hairs; ktva - did; kta-jnah - grateful; pradadau -
bestowed; hareh - of Lord Hari; kare - in the hand; kanyam - daughter;
samutsjya - releasing; saroja-locanam - lotus-eyed.
He honored the Lord according to the Vedic
process of etiquette, beginning with the offering of arghya (hand-wash) and so
forth and the hairs of his body stood erect out of bliss. Feeling very grateful
to Him, Vallabha placed the hand of his lotus-eyed daughter in the hand of Shri
tato nivtte 'ti-mahotsave shubhe / lakmi samadaya nija puri yayau
vishvambharo vishva-bhararti-ha vibhuh /
manuya-yanair anujabhinandit-ah 27
tatah - then; nivtte - finished;
ati-mahotsave - the great festival; shubhe - blissful; lakmim - Lakmi Devi;
samadaya - bringing; nijam - own; purim - abode; yayau - He went; vishvambharah
- Lord Vishvambhara; vishva - of the universe; bhara-arti-ha - destroyer of the
burden; vibhuh - sense-controlled, all-pervasive; manuya-yanaih - on
palanquins; manuja-abhinanditah - cheered by the people.
When that great and joyous festival ended,
the all-pervasive and sense-controlled Lord Vishvambhara, who takes away the
burden of material existence from all the worlds, brought Lakshmi Devi to His
home. They rode on palanquins and were applauded by the townsfolk.
Thus ends the Tenth Sarga entitled
"Festivities at Gaura's Wedding," in the First Prakrama of the great
poem Shri Chaitanya Carita.