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01A Dvadasha Gopal Introduction
The Twelve Cowherd Boy Associates of Lord Nityananda Balarama
Introduction: "All the associates of Lord Nityananda were formerly cowherd boys in Vrajabhumi. Their symbolic representations were the horns and sticks they carried, their cowherd dress and the peacock plumes on their heads." (Chaitanya-charitamrta, Adi-lila, 11.21).