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Shri Chaitanya Bhagavata Madhya-khanda
Description of the Sankirtana Movement's Beginning
visvambharau dvija-varau yuga-dharma-palau
vande jagat-priya-karau karunavatarau
I offer my respectful obeisances to the two fathers of the sankirtana movement, whose long arms reach to Their knees, who are splendid like gold, whose large eyes are lotus flowers, who are the maintainers of the worlds, the best of the brahmanas, and the protectors of the yuga-dharma (the religion of the age), who bring happiness to the people of the world, and who have come to this place because They are very merciful.
sa-kalatraya te namah
O Lord who exists eternally in the three phases of time, O son of Jagannatha Misra, O Lord accompanied by Your servants, sons, and wives, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You.
Text 3 Glory, glory, glory to Lord Chaitanya, the king of the brahmanas and the maintainer of the worlds! Glory to the Vaishnavas, who are very dear to Lord Chaitanya!
Text 4 Glory to Lord Chaitanya, the saintly protector of the true religion! Glory to Lord Chaitanya, whose handsome form is rapt in the activities of sankirtana!
Text 5 Glory to He who is the friend, wealth, and life of Nityananda! Glory to He who is the abode of spiritual love for Advaita and Gadadhara!
Text 6 Glory to He who is very affectionate to Jagadananda! Glory to He who is the heart of Vakresvara and Kasisvara!
Text 7 Glory to He who is the master of Shrivasa and other dear friends! O Lord, please place Your glance of mercy on the conditioned souls.
Text 8 The words of this Madhya-khanda are like a stream of nectar. When one hears these words, the darkness in the heart dies.
Text 9 O my brother, with a single heart please hear these words of the Madhya-khanda, words that describe the beginning of the sankirtana movement.
The towns of Nadiya were all filled with the news of Lord Chaitanya's return from Gaya.
The Lord's kinsmen ran to accompany Him home. Some walked ahead, others alongside Him, and others behind.
The Lord spoke appropriately with everyone. Gazing at Lord Chaitanya, everyone was joyful.
Walking ahead of Him, they brought Him home. To them all Lord Chaitanya described His pilgrimage.
The Lord said, "It is only by the blessings of you all that I, after seeing the land of Gaya, I returned here without any trouble.
The Lord was very humble as He spoke. Seeing the Lord's humbleness, everyone became pleased.
Some placed their hands on the Lord's head and declared, "May You live long." Others, placing their hands on the Lord's different limbs, chanted mantras.
Others, placing their hands on the Lord's chest, gave the blessing, "May Lord Krishna, who delights Goddess Sitala, be merciful to You."
Gazing at her son, joyful and fortunate Saci was not aware of anything but Him.
Bliss arose among Goddess Lakshmi's kinsmen. Gazing at her husband's face, Lakshmi felt her sufferings run far away.
All the Vaishnavas were very happy. At that moment they all came to see the Lord.
The Lord humbly spoke with everyone. Then, taking their permission, He retired to His own room.
Taking with Him two or four Vaishnavas, there He sat down to talk confidentially.
The Lord said, "O My friends, please listen to what I say. I saw many wonders of Lord Krishna.
"When I first entered Gaya I at once heard something auspicious.
"Thousands and thousands of brahmanas were chanting the Vedas. Then someone said to Me, `Look. Look at this place made sacred by the water that washed Lord Vishnu's feet.'
"In ancient times Lord Krishna came to Gaya. Stopping in this place, He washed His feet.
"Touching the water from the Lord's feet, the Ganga has become glorious. Siva holds this water on his head. He knows the spiritual truth about the water from the Lord's feet.
"This place is holy by the power of the water that washed the Lord's feet. That is why this place is known as `Padodaka-tirtha' (the place made holy by the water that washed the Lord's feet, in this world."
When He spoke the name of the place sacred because of the Lord's lotus feet, Lord Chaitanya shed incessant tears from His lotus eyes.
At the end the Lord became very restless. Repeating the word "Krishna!", He wept again and again.
The Lord sighed and said, "Krishna! Krishna!" His tears of love could have filled a forest of flowers.
The hairs of His body stood erect. The Lord could not stay still. He trembled violently.
Shriman Pandita and the other devotees gazed at the Lord as He shed wonderful tears of love for Lord Krishna.
From His eyes the Lord shed a flood of tears that filled the four directions. It was as if the Ganga had suddenly descended to that place.
Struck with wonder, everyone thought in his heart, "I have never seen anything like this.
"Lord Krishna must be very merciful to me, that these ecstati symptoms now walk on the pathway of my eyes."
After some moments the Lord returned to external consciousness. At the end He spoke to everyone.
The Lord said, "My friends, now please return to your homes. I wish that tomorrow you will all return.
"Then, in a secluded place, I will describe to you My unhappiness.
"Tomorrow hurry to Suklambara Brahmacari's house and bring Sadasiva with you."
Speaking gracefully, everyone took their leave. Lord Chaitanya stayed in His room.
Now Lord Chaitanya always thought of Krishna. Mostly He was in the mood of separation from Krishna.
Mother Saci had no power to understand her son's activities. Still, whenever she saw her son, she was very happy.
Mother Saci looked at her son. He called out "Krishna! Krishna!" and wept. The house was flooded with tears.
"Where is Krishna? Where is Krishna?" Overcome with love, the Lord called out these words again and again.
Mother Saci did not know why her son had changed. With folded hands she took shelter of Lord Krishna.
Now Lord Chaitanya was beginning to reveal His true nature. Now the limitless universes became joyful.
Texts Texts 48-49
Hearing the words, "Lord Chaitanya has begun to shower the nectar of love for Krishna", the Vaishnavas came to see the Lord. The Lord said to them,
"Tomorrow please gather at Suklambara's house. There I will sit down in s secluded room and tell you of My sufferings."
Seeing Lord Chaitanya's wonderful love for Krishna, Shriman Pandita became filled with joy.
The next morining at dawn, the devotees got dressed and happily went to pick flowers.
At Shrivasa's home there was a jasmine vine that was actually a kalpa-lata vine descended to this world.
The Vaishnavas had no power to empty it of flowers. It always had the same number of flowers at every moment.
At dawn the Vaishnavas would meet there to pick flowers.
Thus Gadadhara, Gopinatha, Ramai, and Shrivasa picked flowers and talked about Krishna.
That morning Shriman Pandita also came there. He was smiling and smiling.
They all said to him, "We see that you have many smiles today." Shriman Pandita replied, "They do indeed have a cause."
"Tell us", the devotees said. Shriman Pandita said, "Please hear what the cause is.
"I wonderful, impossible news. Nimai Pandita has become a great Vaishnava.
"Hearing that He had safely returned from gaya, I went tin the evening to speak with Him.
"All His words were about renunciation of the world. He did not display even half a sesame seed of pride or arrogance.
"In a secluded place He talked about the wonders He had seen in that hold place, and He also talked bout Lord Krishna.
"When He heard the name of the holy place of the Lord's lotus footprints, He filled that place with tears from His eyes.
"When He said the words, "O Krishna!", His every limâ trembled, the hairs on them stood erect, and He fell to the ground.
"No sign of life was present in any limb. He was completely unconscious. Then, after some moments, he regained external vision. It was a great wonder.
"At the end He called out, "Krishna!" and wept. I think His tears were like Goddess Ganga flowing in that place.
"The devotion that with my own eyes I saw His manifest was not like the devotion any human being has.
"When He regain external consciousness, He told everyone, `Tomorrow you should all come to Suklambara's house.
" `Bring Sadasiva and Murari Pandita, and I will tell you of My sufferings.'
"Thus I have told you the very auspicious news that is the cause of my happiness."
Hearing Shriman Pandita's words, the devotees made a great sound of, "Hari!"
Generous Shrivasa declared, "May Lord Krishna increase the numâers of our Vaishnava family."
This is like the famous blessing,
gotram no vardhatam
"May our family increase."
The devotees happily talked about Lord Krishna. There arose many charming and auspicious words.
The devotees said, "So be it.", "So be it.", and "Everyone should worship Lord Krishnacandra's feet."
After they had finished picking flowers in this way, the devotees went to their homes to worship their Deities.
Shriman Pandita then went to the Ganga's bank, where Suklambara Brahmacari had his home.
Having heard all this news, Gadadhara Prabhu also hurried to Suklambara's house.
Thinking, "I will go and hear what He says about Lord Krishna", Gadadhara went to Suklambara's house and hid.
Sadasiva, Murari, Shriman, and Suklambara, who were all followers of the path of prema (pure love for Lord Krishna), met there.
Then Lord Chaitanya, the jewel of the brahmanas, came and met with these Vaishnavas.
They all conversed very happily. The Lord did not manifest external vision.
The moment He saw the Vaishnavas, Lord Chaitanya recited this verse describing the nature of devotional service:
"I found My Lord, but then He disappeared. In what direction did He go?" Speaking these words, the Lord became paralyzed and fell down unto one of the pillars of the house.
Embracing the pillar, the Lord said, "Where is Krishna?", and threw His disheveled hair to the ground.
The Lord said, "O Krishna!" All the devotees also fell down. They were overcome with ecstati love.
Hiding in the house, Gadadhara suddenly fell unconscious. No longer did he know who he was, where he was, or what was the different between himself and others.
Everyone fell unconscious, overwhelmed by the bliss of pure love for Lord Krishna. Very surprised, Goddess Ganga smiled and laughed.
After some moments Lord Chaitanya manifested external consciousness. Calling out "Krishna!", He wept again and again.
"O Krishna! O My Lord! In what direction did You go?" Again and again saying these words, He fell to the ground.
Overcome with love for Lord Krishna, Saci's son wept, and the devotees around Him in the four directions also wept.
Even falling violently to the ground many times, the Lord's graceful limbs showed no sign of being hurt. Overcome with love for the Lord, who is actually His own self, Lord Chaitanya was not even slightly aware of external events.
A great sound of kirtana arose. There was weeping in spiritual love. Suklambara's house became filled with spiritual love.
Becoming still for a moment, Lord Chaitanya sat down. A flood of bliss continued to flow from Him.
The Lord asked, "Who is in the house?" Suklambara Brahmacari replied, "Your Gadadhara."
Seeing Gadadhara weeping with his head in his hands, Lord Chaitanya became very pleased.
The Lord said, "Gadadhara, you are a great saint. Since your childhood you have always been rapt in meditation on Lord Krishna.
"Trying to taste what is worthless, I wasted my life. Finally I found a priceless treasure. Then, by the fault of my past impious deeds, the treasure fled."
After speaking these words, Lord Chaitanya fell to the ground. The transcendental body meant to be worshiped by all now rolled about in the dust.
Again and again He regained external consciousness, and again and again He fell to the ground. By divine intervention His nose and face were always protected when He fell.
He could not open His two eyes filled with tears of love. "Krishna! Krishna!" were the only words He spoke with His graceful mouth.
The Lord approached everyone, grasped them, wept, and asked, "Where is Krishna? O My brothers, please tell Me at once."
Seeing the Lord, the devotees shed tears of grief. No words came to their mouths.
The Lord said, "Please break My sufferings into pieces. Take Me to the son of the gopa-king Nanda. Place Me before Him."
Speaking these words, He sighed and wept again and again. He rolled on the ground. His hair was no longer bound.
In this way whole day happily passed like a single moment. Somehow the Lord bid farewell to everyone.
Gadadhara, Sadasiva, Shriman Pandita, Suklambara, and the others were all filled with wonder.
Whoever saw the Lord's spiritual love became speechless. After seeing this wonder, they did not return to external consciousness.
They happily went to the Vaishnavas and told them everything, from beginning to end.
Hearing all this, the great devotees said, "Hari! Hari!" and wept.
Hearing of the Lord's unprecedented spiritual love, everyone became filled with wonder. Someone said, "Perhaps He saw the Supreme Personality of Godhead."
Someone else said, "Nimai Pandita is very good. He has the power to break the heads of the atheists and offenders."
Someone else said, "He will reveal secret truths about Lord Krishna. Of this I have no doubt. I know it must be."
Someone else said, " Perhaps, by associating with Isvara Puri, He saw Lord Krishna at Gaya."
In these ways the devotees happily spoke their opinions.
Everyone assembled and spoke this benediction: "In truth, may Lord Krishna's mercy be on Him. May it be."
Then they happily chanted the holy names of the Lord. Some sang, some danced, and some wept.
In this way the devotees became joyful. Meanwhile, Lord Chaitanya had entered the nectar of His own spiritual love.
Again manifesting external consciousness, Lord Chaitanya went to the home of Gangadasa Pandita.
The Lord bowed down before His teacher's feet. His teacher respectfully picked Him up and embraced Him.
The teacher said, "Son, Your life is very fortunate and glorious. Your father's and mother's families have now attained liberation.
"All Your students are waiting for You. Even if the demigod Brahma orders them, they will not open their books.
"Now You returned to us all. For today, go home. Tomorrow teach."
Bowing down before His teacher, Lord Chaitanya left. He was a moon surrounded on four sides by His students.
He went to Shri Mukunda-Sanjaya's house. Entering the candi-mandapa, He sat down.
Saintly Mukunda-Sanjaya and His family felt a bliss that had no end.
The Lord embraced the great soul Sanjaya. With the tears from His eyes, the Lord soaked Sanjaya's limbs.
The ladies made glorious sounds. Mukunda's home was filled with bliss.
After placing a merciful glance on everyone, Lord Chaitanya returned to His own home.
Sitting down at the door to the Vishnu temple, He affectionately bade everyone farewell.
When visitors came to speak to Him, they could not understand the Lord's new nature.
No one saw the pride of learned He had before. Now at every moment He was disinterested in material things.
Saci did not understand anything of her son's new nature. Praying for her son's welfare, she worshiped Lord Vishnu and Goddess Ganga.
She prayed, "O Lord Krishnacandra, You took away my husband. You took away my son. I have only one relative remaining.
"O Lord Krishna, to me, a widow, please give this benediction: Let my Visvabhara be sane and stay at home."
She made Goddess Lakshmi sit down before her son. The Lord did not like to look at her.
Reciting verses, He always wept. "Where is Krishna? Where is Krishna?", He repeated at every moment.
Whenever the Lord screamed, Goddess Lakshmi fled in fear. Saci was also afraid.
Rapt in tasting the nectar of Lord Krishna, Lord Chaitanya did not sleep at night. Overcome with feelings of separation from Lord Krishna, He could not be peaceful. He stood. He fell. He sat.
If He saw strangers, He would cover His new nature. At dawn He went to bathe in the Ganga.
The Lord had come only to bathe in the Ganga. But His students came and sat around Him.
No word but "Krishna!" came to the Lord's mouth. The students did not understand.
On their request, the Lord sat down to teach the students there.
Saying, "Hari!", the students opened their books. Hearing this, Saci's son became filled with bliss.
Hearing the holy name of Lord Hari, Lord Chaitanya no longer manifested external consciousness. Then Lord Chaitanya, the jewel of the brahmanas, cast a merciful glance on everyone there.
Rapt in meditating on Lord Krishna, Lord Chaitanya explained that all sutras, histories, and commentaries were in truth names of Lord Krishna.
"The holy name of Lord Krishna is eternal and exists in all phases of time. The scriptures do not describe anything but Krishna.
"Krishna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is the creator, maintainer, and destroyer. Brahma. Siva, and a host of others are all Krishna's servants.
"A person who leaves Lord Krishna's feet and talks about other things wastes his life. His words are all lies.
"The Agamas, Vedanta, philosophy books, and all scriptures together declare, `Devotion to Lord Krishna's feet is the greatest treasure'.
"Teachers bewildered by maya avoid devotion to Krishna and walk instead on a different path.
"A person who in his heart does not like to call out Lord Krishna's names, names like `Krishna' (all-attractive), `Karuna-sagara' (ocean of mercy), `Jagaę-jivana' (the life of the worlds), `Sevaka-vatsala' (affectionate to His servants), and `Nandagopa-nandana' (the son of Nandagopa), may study all the scriptures, but the destination he awaits is not good.
"A person may be poor and lowly, and he may have many faults, but if he chants Lord Krishna's holy name, he will certainly go to Lord Krishna's spiritual abode.
"This is the teaching of all the scriptures. Whoever doubts this will suffer.
"A person who rejects the worship of Lord Krishna and busies himself with discoursing on the scriptures is very lowly and degraded. He does not understand the scriptures' heart.
"He does not know the scriptures' heart, but still he teaches. He is like a donkey beaten as it carries a burden.
"Although he hears and reads the scriptures, he is burned to ashes. He is cheated of the great, great festival of love for Krishna.
"Lord Krishna gave liberation to Putana. Even though Lord Krishna is like that, these persons reject Him and meditate on someone else.
"Lord Krishna gave liberation to Aghasura. To attain what great pleasure do these people renounce glorifying Lord Krishna?
"A person who will not chant Lord Krishna's holy name, a name that purifies all the words, must suffer. That is his fate.
"A person who will not sing Lord Krishna's holy name and dance, a holy name that makes Brahma and the demigods wild in a great festival of bliss, creates for himself an inauspicious future.
"Persons intoxicated by wealth, learning, and aristocrati family do not understand the holy name of Lord Krishna, a name that rescued Ajamila.
"O My brothers, please listen. My words are the truth. Please worship the priceless treasure that is the lotus feet of Lord Krishna.
"Goddess Lakshmi yearns to serve those feet. Lord Siva is a pure servant of those feet.
"From those feet Goddess Ganga was manifested. O my brothers, please aspire to serve those lotus feet.
"Who in Navadvipa has the power to come here and break My words into pieces?"
Lord Chaitanya is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is eloquent words personified. Whatever He says is the truth.
Bewildered and enthralled, the students listened with a single heart. Overcome with emotion, the Lord spoke the real truth.
Speaking eloquent commentaries, Lord Chaitanya explained that every word of the scriptures means, "Lord Krishna is the Supreme Truth." Lord Chaitanya is the Supreme Lord Himself, so this was not at all surprising.
After some moments, Lord Chaitanya returned to external consciousness. Embarrassed, He said nothing more.
The Lord asked, "How did I explain the sutras today?" The students replied, "We did not understand anything."
"You said that every word in the scriptures means `Krishna'. Who is qualified to understand Your commentaries?"
Laughing, Lord Chaitanya said, "Please hear, O My brothers. For today tie up your books. We will go and bathe in the Ganga."
On the Lord's word they all tied up their books. Accompanied hy Lord Chaitanya, they went to bathe in the Ganga.
Lord Chaitanya played in the Ganga's waters. He was like a full moon rising from the ocean.
The very saintly people of Nadiya gazed at Lord Chaitanya as He played in the Ganga's waters.
Thus manifesting the form of a brahmana, a form Brahma and the demigods yearn to see, the Supreme Personality of Godhead enjoyed pastimes in the water.
All who came to bathe at the Ganga gazed at Lord Chaitanya's face.
The people said to each other, "The father and mother of auch a son must be very glorious and fortunate."
The Lord's touch filled Goddess Ganga with happiness. The goddess happily made many waves.
On the preText of making waves, Goddess Ganga danced. Goddess Ganga is a maidservant of Lord Chaitanya's feet, feet that gave birth to countless universes.
Goddess Ganga surrounded the Lord on four sides. On the preText of many waves, she embraced Him.
Only the Vedas know the heart of these pastimes. In the end, all these pastimes will be revealed in the Puranas.
After bathing, Lord Chaitanya went home, and His students also went to their homes.
The Lord changed His clothes, washed His feet, and watered tulasi-devi.
He properly worshiped the Deity of Lord Govinda, and then He sat down to eat.
Mother Saci brought in the splendid food with tulasi-manjaris and placed it before Him.
After first offering it to Lord Vishnu, He who is the master of endless universes ate.
Saci, the mother of the worlds, sat down before Him. Staying somewhere in the house, Goddess Lakshmi, very devoted to her husband, gazed at Him.
Mother Saci said, "Son, from what book did You lecture today? With whom did You debate?"
The Lord replied, "Today I lectured about Lord Krishna's eternal holy name, lotus feet, qualities, and abode.
"Chanting and hearing Lord Krishna's holy names and qualities is an eternal activity. The persons who become Lord Krishna's servants are also eternal.
"The scriptures that describe devotion to Lord Krishna are eternal. Scriptures that talk of other things are worthless and filled with offenses.
"This is described in the following words of Mahabharata, Asvamedha-parva:
yasmin sastre purane va
hari-bhaktir na drisyate
srotavyam naiva tat sastram
yadi brahma svayam vadet
" `Even if the demigod Brahma personally recites it, one should not hear any Purana or any other scripture that does not describe devotional service to Lord Hari.' "
"A candala who chants "Krishna!" is not a candala. A brahmana who walks on the wrong path is not a brahmana."
Assuming the mood of Lord Kapila, Lord Chaitanya spoke these words to His mother.
He said, "Listen, listen, O mother. Devotion to Lord Krishna is very powerful. O mother, you should love Lord Krishna completely.
"O mother, a servant of Lord Krishna never perishes. Seeing a devotee of Lord Krishna, the wheel of time himself becomes afraid.
"O mother, the servants of Lord Krishna do not know anything of the sufferings of life in the womâ or the sufferings of death.
"Lord Krishna is the father of the universe. A son who does not honor his father, and indeed hates him and thinks of him as an enemy, suffers in hell birth after birth.
"O mother, please give some thought to this. Please listen. A spirit soul who does not worship Lord Krishna creates for himself an inauspicious future.
"Again and again he dies. Again and again he must live in a womb. According to his previous sins, he attains different kinds of bodies.
"When his mother eats spicy, bitter, or salty foods, the child in the womâ suffers greatly.
"He is surrounded by worms that eat the flesh of his body. He has no power to stop them. He is tortured by flames.
"He cannot move. He is trapped in a burning cage. Because of his past deeds, there he must live.
"Some very sinful souls are not even born. Again and again they are born in the womâ and within the womâ they also die.
"O mother, please listen. Please listen to the truth about the spirit soul. After seven months in the womb, the soul becomes conscious.
"He remembers his past sufferings. Sighing, he prays to Lord Krishna.
"The soul prays, `O Krishna, O life-Lord of all the souls in the world, please save me! Without You there is only suffering.'
" The soul prays, `O Lord, please allow me to leave this place. O Lord, please give me an easy death. Why must maya bewilder me?
" `Birth after birth I tries to taste the false nectar of wealth and sons. I did not worship Your priceless feet.
" `Where did the children I raised to be impious go? They left because of my karma.
" `How will I reach the farther shore of this ocean of sufferings? You are my only friend. Please deliver me.
" `Now I know that Your feet are the eternal truth. O Lord Krishna, please save me! I take shelter of You.
" `Rejecting a master like You, a master like a kalpa-vriksha tree, I made a great mistake. I became a madman. I walked on the wrong path.
" `It is right that You punish me in this way. Still, O Lord, please be merciful to me.
" `Please be merciful and give me the boon that I will never forget You. Give me that, and why should I not take birth in any place at all? Why should I not die?
" `The Vaishnavas do not descend to this world in any place where Your glories are not chanted.
" `I do not wish to go to any place where Your festivals are not celebrated, even if that place is Indraloka.
" `In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (5.19.24, it is said:
na yatra vaikuntha-katha-sudhapaga
na sadhavo bhagavatas tad-asrayah
na yatra yajnesa-makha mahotsavah
suresa-loko 'pi na vai sa sevyatam
" `An intelligent person does not take interest in a place, even at the topmost planetary system, if the pure Ganges of topics concerning the Supreme Lord's activities does not flow there, if there are not devotees engaged in service on the banks of such a river of piety, or if there are no festivals of sankirtana-yajna to satisfy the Lord (especially since sankirtana-yajna is recommended in this age).'*
"O Lord, if I can always remember You here, then it is good that I suffer in this womb.
" `O Lord, please be merciful to me. Please do not throw me into any place where I cannot remember Your lotus feet.
" `O Lord, I have suffered in this way for millions and millions of births. O Lord, I have suffered because of my own karma.
" `O Lord, O essence of all the Vedas, if I can remember You here, then please let me stay always in the midst of these sufferings.
" `O Krishna, in this way please make me qualified to serve You. Make me Your slave and keep me at Your feet.
" `O my Lord, if You carry me across this ocean of sufferings, then I want only You and nothing else.'
"Although in the womâ the soul is tormented at every moment, life in the womâ is still good, for there the soul can remember Lord Krishna.
"By the power of these prayers, the soul does not feel pain in the womb. Then, at a certain time, against his will the soul falls to the ground.
"O mother, please listen, please listen to what happens to the soul when first he falls to the ground.
First the soul becomes unconscious. Then he cries out. Then he breathes. He has no power to speak. He floats in an ocean of sufferings.
"The soul is by nature a servant of Lord Krishna. Bewildered by Lord Krishna's maya, the soul does not worship Lord Krishna. In this way the soul suffers.
"After some days, by the power of time, the soul attains intelligence and knowledge. A soul who then worships Lord Krishna is very fortunate.
"However, a soul who because of bad association does not worship Lord Krishna, again and again drowns in Maya's sins.
"In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (3.31.32, the Supreme Personality of Godhead declares:
yady asadbhih pathi punah
asthito ramate jantus
Tamo visati purvavat
" `If, therefore, the living entity again associates with the path of unrighteousness, influenced by sensually minded people engaged in the pursuit of sexual enjoyment and the gratification of the palate, he again goes to hell as before."*
"It is also said in the scriptures:
vina dainyena jivanam
caranasya katham bhavet
" `How can a person who does not worship Lord Krishna's feet have an untroubled life and an easy death?"
"A person who remembers and worships Lord Krishna does have an untroubled life and an easy death.
"Therefore, O mother, please associate with devotees and worship Lord Krishna. With your mind think of Lord Krishna. With your mouth chant `Hari!'
"Non-devotional activities bring no good result. Non-devotional activities bring only calamity."
Assuming the mood of Lord Kapila, Lord Chaitanya taught His mother in this way. Hearing these words, Saci became very joyful.
Whether He was eating, sleeping, or awake, Lord Chaitanya did not talk of anything but Lord Krishna.
Devotees hear descriptions of Lord Krishna, speak them, and think about them in their hearts.
The devotees think, "When will Lord Krishna appear before me? When will I be able to associate with devotees? When will I become pure at heart?"
This is how the devotees think in their hearts. These thoughts bring them great happiness.
By appearing in this world, Lord Chaitanya destroyed the materialists and offenders and broke the devotees' sufferings.
Assuming the role of a Vaishnava, Lord Chaitanya always saw Lord Krishna present everywhere in the world.
With His ears He heard Lord Krishna's names day and night. With His mouth He spoke the word "Krishnacandra" without stopping.
Lord Chaitanya forgot the nectar of learning. Now He was not attracted to anything but Lord Krishna.
Early every morning, His students would gather for class.
He who is the master of the three worlds would sit down to lecture. However, nothing but Krishna came to His tongue.
The students asked, "What is the perfection of varnasrama and the scriptures?" The Lord replied, "Lord Narayana is the perfection of all the varnas."
A student asked, "How is He the perfection of the varnas?" The Lord replied, "Lord Krishna's glance created the varnas."
A student said, "O pandita, please give the right explanation." The Lord said, "You should remember Lord Krishna at every moment.
"I have describe the worship of Lord Krishna. That is the right teaching of all the scriptures. In their beginning, middle, and end, the scriptures teach the worship of Lord Krishna."
Hearing the Lord's explanation, the students laughed. Someone said, "I think an imbalance of the life-airs is the cause of this explanation."
The students said, "Why do you talk like this?" The Lord replied, "This is the teaching of the scriptures."
The Lord said, "If you cannot understand it now, then this afternoon please think about it and try to understand it.
"Each student go to a secluded place and look at his books. In the afternoon we will meet again."
Hearing the Lord's words, the surprised students tied up their books and left.
All the students told Ganga dasa what the Lord had said.
They said, "Nimai Pandita says that all words in the scriptures refer to Lord Krishna.
"From the time He returned home from Gaya, he talks only of Krishna and nothing else.
"The hairs of His body erect, He always chants, `Krishna!' Sometimes He laughs and sometimes He screams in ecstasy.
"Every day He teaches that every dhatu-sutra (grammar rule about verbs, somehow describes Lord Krishna.
"We do not have the power to understand His explanations. O pandita, please tell us: What should we do?"
Hearing the students' words, the brahmana Ganga dasa, who was the crest jewel of teachers, smile.
He said, "Go home. Return tomorrow morning. This afternoon I will give Him some advice.
"Thinking this a good arrangement, the students studied from their books. In the afternoon the met with Lord Chaitanya.
That afternoon everyone assembled and very happily sat down with Lord Chaitanya.
On His head Lord Chaitanya placed the dust of His teacher's feet. His teacher, Ganga dasa, blessed Him with the words, "May You attain true learning."
His teacher said, "Visvambhara, my son, please hear my words. It is not a small good fortune for one to be a teacher of brahmanas.
"Your maternal grandfather is Nilambara Cakravarti. Your father is Jagannatha Misra.
"Neither Your mother's nor Your father's families are illiterate fools. You are very expert at speaking commentaries.
"If one renounces study, will he then attain devotion to the Lord? Are Your father and maternal grandfather not devotees of the Lord?
"Understanding this, You should apply Yourself to the path of scholarship. It is by study and learning that one becomes a Vaishnava brahmana.
"How can an uneducated brahmana know what is right and what is wrong? Understanding this, You should chant `Krishna!' and also continue Your teaching and studies.
"Please sit down and teach the scriptures in the right way. Your wrong explanations chew on my head."
The Lord said, "By the mercy of Your feet no one in Navadvipa has the power to debate with Me.
"I will explain the sutras. Who in Navadvipa has the power to break apart My explanations and prove his own?
"I will sit down in the town and I will lecture. I will see who has the power to find fault with my explanations."
Hearing these words, the Lord's teacher became happy. After offering obeisances to His teacher's feet, the Lord left.
Thus He who counts the husband of Sarasvati and the master of the Vedas among His students bowed down before the feet of Ganga dasa Pandita.
What good fortune was attained by Ganga dasa Pandita? The Supreme Lord, who is worshiped by the fourteen worlds, became his student.
Like a full moon surrounded hy a host of stars, Lord Chaitanya, surrounded by His students, walked.
The Supreme Lord, whose feet stay on Goddess Lakshmi's breast, sat down at the entrance of the city.
Tying His garment in the yoga-patta style, the Lord explained the sutras, proving and breaking various interpetations.
The Lord said, "In Kali-yuga even a fool with no knowledge even of sandhi claims that he is a bhattacarya.
"A fool who does not even know the meanings of words will try to debate logi and philosophy. None of these fools can defeat Me.
"I will see who can prove what I break apart or break apart what I prove."
In this way Lord Chaitanya, the master of the universes, spoke. Who had the power to challenge Him?
Many teachers had come there to see the Ganga. When they heard the Lord's challenge, their pride was crushed into powder.
Who in Navadvipa has the power to approach Lord Chaitanya and defeat Him in debate?
As if rapt in meditation, Lord Chaitanya lectured for a long time. Two hours of the night had passed and still He did not stop.
By divine arrangement a certain very fortunate brahmana lived in the outskirts of the city.
His name was Ratnagarbha Acarya. He was a friend of the Lord's father, for they were both born in the same village.
His three sons were bumblebees attracted to the honey at the lotus flower of Lord Krishna's feet. Their names were Krishnananda, Jiva, and Yadunatha Kavicandra
This brahmana had great love for Shrimad-Bhagavatam. At that moment he was lovingly reading this verse of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.23.22):
syamam hiranya-paridhim vana-malya-barha-
vinyasta-hastam itarena dhunanam abjam
"The brahmanas' wives saw Krishna putting on a garment glittering like gold. He wore a nice garland of forest flowers and a peacock feather on His head. He was also painted with the minerals found in Vrindavana, and He looked exactly like a dancing-actor on a theatrical stage. They saw Him keeping one hand on the shoulder of His friend, and in His other hand He was holding a lotus flower. His ears were decorated with lilies, He wore marks of tilaka, and He was smiling charmingly."*
Read with great devotion and happiness, this verse entered the Lord's ears.
Hearing about the glory of devotional service, Lord Chaitanya at once fell down. He was unconscious.
The students were astonished. After a moment the Lord returned to external consciousness.
Returning to external consciousness, Lord Chaitanya repeated, "Say it. Say it." Then He rolled on the ground.
The Lord said, "Say it. Say it." The brahmana repeated the verse. An enchanting ocean of Krishna happiness rose up.
With tears from His eyes the Lord sprinkled the ground. He wept and trembled. The hairs of His body stood erect.
Seeing the Lord's ecstati happiness, the brahmana, with devotion and happiness, again read that verse about devotional service.
Seeing that the brahmana was reading with great devotion, the Lord, very pleased, embraced Him.
Embraced by the king of Vaikuntha, Ratnagarbha became filled with ecstati love.
Ratnagarbha grasped the Lord's feet and wept. Now the brahmana was caught in Lord Chaitanya's trap of love.
Filled with love, he read the verse again and again. "Say it. Say it.", Lord Chaitanya loudly demanded.
Seeing this, everyone became filled with wonder. Seeing this, the townspeople bowed down to offer respect.
"Don't read any more", Gadadhara said. Everyone sat around Lord Chaitanya.
After some moments Lord Chaitanya returned to external consciousness. "Tell Me what happened. Tell Me what happened.", the Lord asked.
The Lord said, "Did I act restlessly?" The students replied, "You are glorious and learned.
"What power have we to say anything about You?" Then the Lord's friends said, "Please don't praise Him."
Now in external consciousness and His ecstati emotions supressed, the Lord went with everyone to see the Ganga.
After first offering obeisances to the Ganga and t placing some Ganga water on His head, the Lord sat down with His companions by the Ganga's bank.
Lord Chaitanya was just like Nanda's son who, accompanied by many cowherd boys, enjoyed pastimes by the Yamuna's bank.
In this way, by the Ganga's banks, and in the company of the devotees, Saci's son enjoyed pastimes of talking about Lord Krishna.
After some moments, everyone took their leave and returned to their homes. Then Lord Chaitanya also returned to His home.
Then He who is the master of all the worlds enjoyed His meal. Then He cast a glance on transcendental pastimes of sleep.
The night came to an end. All the students came, sat down, and studied their books.
The Lord came, quickly bathed in the Ganga, sat down, and taught from His books.
The did not say anything that was not about Lord Krishna. Every word of His explanations was about devotional service to Lord Krishna.
One student asked, "How are verbal roots explained?" The Lord replied, "All words are potencies of Lord Krishna.
"Now I will explain the sutras about verbal roots. O My brothers, please listen. Who has the power to break apart My explanations?
"Look at a king. He has a splendid, splendid body. He is decorated with gold ornaments. He is glorious with sandal paste.
"The people say, `His words are the words of Yamaraja, or the words of Goddess Lakshmi'. Still, please hear what happens to such a king when the breath of life is gone.
"Where does the handsomeness of his limbs go? Sometimes it becomes ashes, and other times it is buried in the earth.
"The potency of Lord Krishna lives in all bodies as the breath of life. It is that force that one loves. It is to that force that one is devoted.
"Although they argue, "It is true", or "It is not true", ordinary teachers do not understand this truth. Please give your thoughts to this and understand it.
"There may be a very respected person before whom I bow down to offer respect. But when the life breath leaves him, I must bathe if I touch his body.
"The son may very happily embrace his father. But when the life breath leaves, the son must place fire on the father's head.
"Therefore the life breath is the potency of Lord Krishna. It is loved by everyone. That is how I see it. Who has the power to refute My words?
"Lord Krishna's potency is supremely pure. It is worthy of our worship. O My brothers, you should all be very firmly devoted to Lord Krishna.
"Chant, "Krishna!" Worship Krishna. Hear Krishna's name. Day and night meditate on Lord Krishna's feet.
"Yamaraja has no power over anyone who offers water and durva grass to Lord Krishna's feet.
"Worship, worship the feet of Nanda's son, feet that gave liberation to Agha, Baka, and Putana.
"Even though he was thinking of his son, Ajamila somehow remembered Lord Krishna. For that reason Ajamila went to Vaikuntha. Therefore you should worship Lord Krishna's feet.
"Clothed only by the four directions, Siva serves Lord Krishna's feet. Goddess Lakshmi very respectfully serves Lord Krishna's feet.
"Ananta Sesha chants the glories of Lord Krishna's feet. Placing a straw between your teeth, you should also worship Lord Krishna's feet.
"As long as there is life within your bodies, you should engage in devotional service to Lord Krishna's lotus feet.
"Krishna is your mother. Krishna is your father. Krishna is your life and your wealth. Therefore I say you should grasp Lord Krishna's feet and declare, `To Lord Krishna I give my body and my thoughts'."
Accepting the role of His servant, the Lord described His own glories. Siř hours passed. Still He did not stop.
Enthralled, the students listened with a single heart. No one spoke a word.
Please know without doubt that all these students were eternal servants of Lord Krishna. If this were not so, how could they have studied under Lord Krishna Himself?
After some moments Lord Chaitanya returned to external consciousness. Embarrassed at heart, He looked at the faces of them all.
The Lord asked, "How did I explain the sutras about verbal roots?" The students replied, "You gave the right explanation.
"Who can contradict Your explanations?
"Whatever You say is the truth. What others teach is not the truth."
The Lord said, "Tell Me what You Me do. My life airs are very agitated.
"How did I explain verbal roots? " The students replied, "You said they were all names of Lord Krishna.
"Your explanations of the sutras and commentaries spoke of Lord Krishna only. Who has the power to understand Your explanations?
"When You heard about devotional service You acted in such a way that we do not think You are a mere human being."
The Lord asked, "What did You see Me do?" The students replied, "It was a great wonder.
"You trembled and wept. The hairs of Your body stood erect. We have not seen this in anyone else.
"Yesterday, when in the town You were lecturing on books, a brahmana read a verse aloud.
"Hearing this verse of Shrimad-Bhagavatam, You at once fell unconscious. There was no life in any of Your limbs. We were very surprised.
"Regaining consciousness, You wept. Your tears were like the Ganga.
"At the end You trembled. A hundred men could not have held You still.
"From Your head to Your feet, the hairs of Your body stood erect. Your fair form was covered with perspiration, saliva, and dust.
"Gazing at You, everyone was filled with wonder. Everyone said, `This person must be Lord Narayana Himself.'
"Someone said, `He must be Vyasa, or Sukadeva, or Narada, or Prahlada. He has the Lord's mercy as much as they.'
"We gathered around You and held You still. After some moments You regained external consciousness.
"You did not know any of this. We will tell You something more. Please hear it with attention.
"For the past ten days Your lectures on the scriptures have described only Lord Krishna's holy name and Lord Kris„na's devotional service.
"For the past ten days Your lectures have been like that. We have been afraid to tell you this.
"You know all the meanings of every word. If You explain the meanings of words, who can challenge You?"
The Lord said, "Ten days without lectures! Was it not your duty to tell Me about that?"
The students replied, "Your lectures were right and true. It is true that Lord Krishna is described in all the scriptures.
"It is true that Lord Krishna is the essence of all the scriptures. If we cannot understand it, we are at fault.
"You explained the root of all knowledge. You spoke the truth. It is only because of our past bad karma that our hearts could not understand it."
The Lord was pleased by the students' words. Then He very mercifully spoke to them.
The Lord said, "O My brothers, what you say is the truth. What I will now say should not be spoken to others.
"Brothers! Brothers! This I tell you: I always see a dark boy who plays a flute.
"Every word I hear with My ears is the holy name of Lord Krishna. Every place I see is the holy abode of Lord Krishna.
"Now I must leave you all. From today on I will not lecture.
"You may go to any teacher your heart likes and you may learn from him. I make you fearless in this way.
"I cannot talk of anything but Lord Krishna. Now I have told to you my heart."
After speaking these words to them all, Lord Chaitanya wept and tied up His books.
The students bowed down and said, "We will tell You our desire.
"We have studied under You. How can we study under anyone else?"
Unhappy to be separated from their teacher, the students wept and said,
"The lectures we heard from Your mouth we will keep in our hearts birth after birth. They will be our meditation.
"How could we study under another teacher? What we have learned from You is good enough for us."
With folded hands the students spoke these words to the Lord. Then they tied up their books.
They called out, "Hari!" Weeping, Lord Chaitanya, the jewel of the brahmanas, embraced them all.
Bowing their heads, the students wept. Even so, they were drowning in transcendental bliss.
With a choked voice Lord Chaitanya, the son of Saci, blessed all His students.
He said, "If some day I become a true servant of Lord Krishna, then I will pray that all your desires will be fulfilled.
"All of you please take shelter of Lord Krishna. Please fill your voices with Lord Krishna's holy name.
"Please always hear Lord Krishna's holy name with your ears. Please consider Lord Krishna your great treasure, your life-breath.
"What you have learned so far, that is good enough. Don't strive to learn more. Please gather together and chant `Krishna!'
"By Lord Krishna's mercy all the scriptures will be manifest within you all. You are all My friends birth after birth."
Hearing the Lord's nectar words, the students felt their hearts become filled with transcendental bliss.
Bowing down, I offer respectful obeisances to the feet of these students. They were very fortunate to have been Lord Chaitanya's students.
Please know without doubt that they are Lord Krishna's servants eternally. If this were not so, then how could they have studied under Lord Krishna Himself?
Anyone who sees a person who directly saw the Lord's pastimes of scholarship will become freed from the bonds of repeated birth and death.
I am a sinner. That is why I was not born then. I was cheated of the sight of these blissful pastimes.
O Supreme Lord, please be merciful and allow Your pastimes of scholarship to stay always in my heart.
All of Nadiya still bears the marks of Vaikuntha's king, who taught in Navadvipa.
Lord Chaitanya's pastimes have no beginning or end. The Vedas use the words "avirbhava" (appearance" and "tirobhava" (disappearance, to describe them.
In this way the Lord's pastimes of scholarship came to an end. Then His pastimes of sankirtana began.
In the four directs were weeping students, tears gliding down their necks. The merciful Lord then said to them,
"What you have heard and read for many days now make perfect by chanting the holy names of Lord Krishna."
The students replied, "How shall we chant the holy names of the Lord?" Then Saci's son gave them this instruction:
(hare, haraye namah krishna yadavaya namah
gopala govinda rama shri-madhusudana
" (Hari!, I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Hari. I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna, the descendent of King Yadu. O Gopala! O Govinda! O Rama! O Shri Madhusudana!"
In this way He showed them the right direction. Clapping His hands, the Lord chanted His own holy names with His students.
The four directions around Him filled with His students, the master of kirtana chanted His own holy names.
The Lord entered a spiritual trance. Tasting the nectar of His own holy names, He rolled about on the ground. He became covered with dust.
"Chant! Chant!", the Lord called in the four directions. Again and again the Lord fell to the ground. The earth burst apart.
Hearing the tumult, all of Nadiya ran to the Lord's home.
Hearing the kirtana, all who lived in neighboring Vaishnava homes ran to that place.
Seeing the Lord's ecstati trance, the Vaishnavas felt great wonder in their hearts.
They all felt great happiness in their hearts. They said, "Now there is a great kirtana in the towns of Nadiya.
"Is it possible that this kind of rare and exalted devotional service has come to this world? Our eyes have become fruitful to see this exalted devotional service!
"Visvambhara was the pinnacle of arrogance. Now we see He has attained a spiritual love even Narada cannot attain.
"If an arrogant person like Him can attain devotion like this, then I do not understand Lord Krishna's desire or why this is now taking place."
After some moments Lord Chaitanya returned to external consciousness. Again and again Lord Chaitanya chanted, "Krishna! Krishna!"
Even though He was in external consciousness, He did not talk of external things. He approached the Vaishnavas, embraced them, and wept.
Gathering around Him, the Vaishnavas pacified the Lord. Then the joyful Vaishnavas departed.
Some of the students remained in the Lord's association. Blissful with spiritual love, they walked on the path of renunciation.
In this way Lord Chaitanya openly revealed His true nature. In this way the devotees' sufferings were all destroyed.
The two moons Shri Krishna Chaitanya and Shri Nityananda are my life and soul. I, Vrindavana dasa, sing the glories of Their feet.