|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Chaitanya Bhagavata Translation > Adi Khanda > 7.|
Description of Shri Visvarupa's Sannyasa and Other Pastimes
Text 1 Glory, glory to Lord Chaitanya, the master of all masters! Glory, glory to the devotees who dearly love Lord Visvambhara!
Text 2 Glory to the son of Saci and Jagannatha Misra, a son who is the life of everyone! O Lord, with a glance of mercy please rescue all the souls in this world.
Text 3 In this way Lord Chaitanya was manifest in Navadvipa. Pretending to be a child, He enjoyed many pastimes.
Text 4 The Lord was always mischievous to everyone. His mother tried to teach Him, but He would not pay attention.
Text 5 When he was taught, He would do twice as much mischief. Whatever He could reach in the house, He would break.
Text 6 Anxious, His parents would not tell Him anything. Completely independent, He happily played.
Text 7 The words of Adi-khanda, which describe the pastimes Lord Narayana enjoyed as a child, are like a stream of nectar.
Text 8 The Lord was not afraid of His father, His mother, or anyone else. Still, when He saw His elder brother, Visvarupa, He became humble.
Text 9 The Lord's elder brother, Visvarupa, was the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. From birth He was renounced. He was a treasure-house of all virtues.
Commenting on the scriptures, He taught that all scriptures describe Vishnu-bhakti (devotional service to Lord Vishnu). No one had the power to break His explanations.
He engaged His ears, voice, mind, and all His senses in Krishna-bhakti (devotional service to Lord Krishna). He did not hear or speak of anything else.
Seeing His younger brother's mischief, Visvarupa was filled with wonder in His heart.
He thought, "This boy is not like a resident of the material world. His form and deeds are like those of child Krishna.
Again and again He does what human beings cannot. I think He is Lord Krishna, manifest as a child, and enjoying pastimes."
Saintly Visvarupa thought in this way. Still, He did not reveal the truth. He remained engrossed in His own activities.
He always stayed among the Vaishnavas. He spoke of Krishna, was devoted to Krishna, and happily worshiped Krishna.
The whole material world is mad after money, children, and material education. Whenever they saw them, the materialists would mock the Vaishnavas.
Seeing the Vaishnavas, would recite these doggerel verses: "Sannyasis, yogis, and faithful wives must all die in the end.
"I say that the word `fortunate' means `a person who rides on a horse', or `a person who rides on a palanquin', or `a person who has ten or twenty servants running ahead and behind'.
"You Vaishnavas weep tears of love for your Lord. But the tears do not break your poverty and misery.
"Again and again you scream `Hari! Hari!' Your Lord will become angry when He hears you screaming like that."
Hearing words like these from the non-devotees, the great devotees became very unhappy.
They did not here Krishna-kirtana anywhere. They saw that at every moment everyone was burning in the fire of repeated birth and death.
Not hearing the descriptions of Lord Krishnacandra that He yearned to hear, Lord Visvarupa became very unhappy.
If sometimes someone gave a lecture explaining Bhagavad-gita or Shrimad-Bhagavatam, descriptions of Krishna-bhakti (devotional service to Lord Krishna, would never appear in his tongue.
Speaking illogically, all the teachers became like walking corpses. Materialists do not know the meaning of words like "bhakti" (devotional service).
When they saw the illogical ideas of the people in general, Advaita Acarya and the other devotees wept.
In His heart Visvarupa unhappily thought, "I will not look at the faces of these people. I will go to the forest."
Every morning Visvarupa would first bathe in the Ganga and then visit Advaita's home.
When He heard Visvarupa explain that Krishna-bhakti (devotional service to Lord Krishna, is the true meaning of all the scriptures, Advaita would roar with pleasure.
When Visvarupa arrived, Advaita would stop His Deity-worship and at once embrace Him. All the Vaishnavas would happily say, "Hari! Hari!"
Filled with the bliss of Krishna consciousness, the devotees roared like lions. No longer was there any sadness in their hearts.
No one would leaved Visvarupa and return home. Neither would Visvarupa return to His own home.
When she had finished cooking, Saci said to Lord Visvambhara, "Go to Your elder brother and bring Him home at once."
Thus, on the preText of His mother's request, the Lord went to fetch His brother at Advaita's home.
When the Lord came He saw the Vaishnavas were talking about the auspicious topics of Lord Krishna.
Hearing that they were talking about Him, Lord Chaitanya glanced at them with charming and auspicious eyes.
Each of His limbs rested on the peerless summit of all handsomeness and grace. Ten million moons could not equal the glory of even one of His toenails.
Clothed only by the four directions, and His every limb covered with dust, the Lord smiled and said to His elder brother,
"Brother, please come to eat. Mother calls." Clutching His elder brother's garment, the Lord departed.
Motionless, the devotees gazed at the Lord's charming form.
The devotees were entranced. Words about Krishna no longer came to their mouths.
Gazing at the Lord, the devotees forgot their own identities. Without knowing how, the devotees found that their hearts had been stolen.
The non-devotees cannot understand how the Lord steals His devotees' hearts.
This secret truth was revealed in Shrimad-Bhagavatam, where King Parikshit heard it from Sukadeva Gosvami.
To learn this secret one should listen to the words of Shrimad-Bhagavatam, which is a conversation between Sukadeva Gosvami and King Parikshit, a conversation that has no equal.
When Lord Chaitanya was born in Gokula, He wandered from home to home, enjoying pastimes with the other boys.
From the time of the Lord's birth, the gopis loved the Lord more than their own sons.
Even though they did not understand that He was the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself, they naturally loved Krishna more than their own sons.
Filled with wonder when he heard this, and the hairs of his body standing up in ecstasy, King Parikshit asked Sukadeva Gosvami (Shrimad-BhagavatamText 10
"O Gosvami, the words you have spoken are most wonderful. I have never heard anything like them in all the three worlds.
"I see that they loved Krishna, who was another's son, more than they loved their own sons. Why did they love Krishna more? Please tell me."
Shri Sukadeva Gosvami replied (Shrimad-BhagavatamText 10
"O King Parikshit, please listen. The all-pervading Supersoul is most dear to everybody. That should be known.
"When the soul is no longer present in the body of a son or wife, in a moment the relatives take the body out of the house.
"It is the Supersoul who gives life to all and who is the most treasured possession of all. The Supersoul is Lord Krishna, the son of Nanda.
"Therefore, because Krishna is the origin of the Supersoul, the gopis love Krishna more than their own sons."
This is true for the devotees, but not the non-devotees. The non-devotees in this world do not love Krishna.
One may ask: Why do Kamsa and the other demons try to kill Krishna? The answer is: Previous offenses are the cause of those actions.
Sugar is sweet. That everyone knows. If someone tastes it as bitter, the reason is that his tongue is at fault.
The tongue is at fault. The sugar is not at fault. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Chaitanya, is the sweetest of all.
Although everyone in Navadvipa saw Lord Chaitanya, aside from the devotees, no one knew His real identity.
The Lord completely stole the devotees' hearts. In this way the king of Vaikuntha enjoyed pastimes in Navadvipa.
After thus enchanting the hearts of all the Vaishnavas, Lord Visvambhara returned home with His elder brother.
In His heart saintly Advaita thought, "That boy is not a human being, a resident of the material world."
Advaita told all the Vaishnavas, "I do not understand for certain what is the true identity of that boy."
All the devotees praised the handsomeness of that wonderful boy.
In name only did Visvarupa go home. He quickly returned to Advaita's house.
Material happiness did not bring pleasure to Visvarupa's heart, where the bliss of Krishna-kirtana always stayed.
When He was home, Visvarupa stayed always in the room that was a Vishnu temple. He hardly ever went to the other rooms.
When His parents began to make plans for His marriage, Visvarupa became very unhappy at heart.
"I must renounce the world", Visvarupa decided in His heart. "I must go to the forest", was the only thought in His heart. It kept Him awake at night.
Only the Supreme Personality of Godhead can truly understand the desires that stay in the Supreme Personality of Godhead's heart. After a few day Visvarupa accepted sannyasa.
In this world He was known by the name "Sankararanya". The best of the Vaishnavas, He walked on the path that leads to the limitless Supreme Person.
When saintly Visvarupa left, the hearts of Saci and Jagannatha Misra burst into flames.
The Lord and His parents loudly wept. Tormented by separation from His brother, Lord Chaitanya fell unconscious.
I do not have the power to place on my mouth words that describe that torment of separation. Jagannatha Misra's home became filled with weeping.
Seeing that Visvarupa had accepted sannyasa, Advaita and the other Vaishnavas wept again and again.
When they heard this news, the upper-class and middle-class non-devotees did not respond in the same way. Hearing this news, they were not overcome with grief.
Their hearts broken, Saci and Jagannatha Misra cried, "Visvarupa! Visvarupa!"
Jagannatha Misra was overcome with grief for his son. His relatives and friends tried to console him.
They said, "O Jagannatha Misra, please be peaceful. Don't be unhappy at heart. Your son is a great soul who has brought liberation to His entire family.
"When a person accepts sannyasa, then sixty-million of His family members go to live in Vaikuntha.
"By acting in this way, your son has attained the perfection of knowledge.
"You should be very happy." Speaking these words, everyone grasped the hands and feet of Saci and Jagannatha Misra.
They said, "Your Visvambhara is the ornament of the family. This son will continue your dynasty.
"He will destroy all your sufferings. How can ten millions sons in compare this this son?"
All the relatives and friends explained the truth in this way. Still Jagannatha Misra's suffering did not break.
Thinking of these instructions, Jagannatha Misra became peaceful. Then, when he remembered Visvarupa's virtues, he forgot all about being peaceful.
Jagannatha Misra said, "In my heart I do not know whether this son will stay home.
"Lord Krishna gave me a son, and then Lord Krishna took Him away. Whatever Lord Krishnacandra wishes will certainly be.
"Independent of You, the individual soul has not even a half mustard seed's worth of power. O Lord Krishna, I dedicate my body and senses to You. I take shelter of You."
With this knowledge of jnana-yoga, little by little saintly Jagannatha Misra became peaceful and steady in his thoughts.
In this way Visvarupa left home. His form is not different from the form of Lord Nityananda.
Whoever hears this description of Lord Visvarupa's sannyasa attains Krishna-bhakti (devotional service to Lord Krishna). For him the noose of karma is cut.
When they heard of Visvarupa's sannyasa, the devotees felt both joy and sorrow at every moment.
They said, "Lord Krishna has taken from us a person who always spoke Krishna-katha (topics of Krishna).
"We should not stay here. We should go to the forest. Then we will not see the faces of these sinners.
"How many flames of the offender's words must we tolerate? Everyone is addicted to the path of sin.
"We do not hear holy names like "Krishna" on anyone's mouth. Drowning in material pleasures, the whole world is on the verge of death.
"If someone preaches the path that leads to Lord Krishna, no one accepts his words. The people misunderstand him, try to refute him, and mock him.
"They tell him, `How have you become happy by worshiping Krishna? Only after begging do you eat. Youe sufferings always increase.' "
Deciding that it was not right to stay among such people, the devotees declared, "We must go to the forest", and then sighed.
Saintly Advaita comforted everyone. He said, "You all will attain the highest bliss. That is certain.
"In My heart I feel great bliss. I think in this way: `Lord Krishnacandra is now manifest in this world.'
"Everyone happily chant, `Krishna!' In a few days we will see Lord Krishna here.
"Then Lord Krishna will enjoy pastimes with all of you. This this `Advaita' will become a pure servant of Lord Krishna.
"Then all you servants of the Lord will attain a great mercy that even Sukadeva and Prahlada could not attain."
Hearing Advaita's nectar words, all the devotees blissfully called out "Hari!"
All the devotees loudly called out "Hari!" Their hearts were filled with bliss.
As He was playing with the other boys, Lord Chaitanya heard these calls of "Hari!" The Lord then went to Advaita's home.
"Why have You come, child? the devotees asked. The Lord replied, "Why did you call for Me?"
After speaking these words, the Lord ran off with the other boys. Bewildered by the Lord's Yogamaya potency, no one could understand what had happened.
After Visvarupa left home, the Lord became a little more peaceful and serious.
Now He always stayed near His father and mother. In this way He made them forget their grief.
Renouncing playing, He diligently studied. He would not leave His books for even half a moment.
He memorized sutras by reading them once. He defeated everyone in debate.
Seeing His wonderful intelligence, everyone praised Him. Everyone said, "His father and mother are fortunate to have someone like Him in their family."
Everyone happily told Jagannatha Misra, "O Jagannatha Misra, you are fortunate to have such a son.
"There is not an intelligent boy like Him in the three worlds. In learning He will someday defeat even Brihaspati.
"He debate any point He hears. Once He presents His arguments, no one can defeat Him."
Hearing of her son's virtues, Mother Saci became happy. Then a great anxiety entered Jagannatha Misra's heart.
Jagannatha Misra told Saci, "This son will not stay at home.
"By studying all the scriptures, Visvarupa learned, `The material world does not posses even a single sesame seed's worth of reality'.
"Understanding the meaning of all the scriptures, Visvarupa became very grave and serious. Then He renounced the temporary material world.
"If He becomes learned in all the scriptures, Visvambhara will renounce material happiness and leave us.
"This son is our entire life. If we cannot see Him, we will die.
"Therefore He should not study. Let Nimai stay always at home. Let Him be an uneducated fool."
Saci said, "If He is uneducated, how will He earn His livelihood? No one will give their daughter in marriage to a fool."
Jagannatha Misra replied, "You are an unintelligent daughter of a brahmana. Lord Krishna is creator, the maintainer, and the destroyer. He protects and maintains every living being.
"He is the master of the universe. He maintains the entire universe. Why, then, do you say our son will earn His livelihood by being learned?
"A man may be a pandita or a fool. If Lord Krishna writes in a man's destiny that a certain girl will marry him, then that will happen.
"Honorable family, good education, and all other like things are less important. The important thing is that Lord Krishna maintains everyone. Lord Krishna has all power.
"Why don't you look at me, standing before you? I am learned. Why is there no rice in my house?
"There are persons who cannot read a single letter of the alphabet. Still, if you go to their doorstep, you will see thousands of panditas loitering there.
"Therefore no one earns his livelihood by learning or in any other way. It is only Lord Krishna who maintains and protects everyone."
"Therefore in the scriptures it is said:
vina dainyena jivanam
` caranasya katham bhavet
" `How can a person who does not worship Lord Krishna's feet obtain a trouble-free life and a happy death?'
Therefore a person who serves Lord Krishna will have a life without troubles and a happy death. A person who has only wealth or learning will not attain these two boons.
"A person may have great learning, noble family, and wealth millions and millions of times over. But if he does not have Lord Krishna's mercy, he will not be free of sufferings.
"A person may have many material pleasures in his home. Still, Lord Krishna may give him a terrible disease.
"that person cannot enjoy anything. He burns with pain and then he dies. I say that no one suffers more than he.
"Understand this: Lord Krishna's will is important. Nothing else matters.
"Please don't worry about your son. I tell you: Lord Krishna will maintain your son.
"For as long as there is breath in my body not a sesame seed's worth of suffering will touch our son.
"Lord Krishna is our protector. Why do you worry? You are a good mother and a chaste wife.
"Therefore I tell you: Our son will not study. Let Him be uneducated. Then He will stay at home."
After speaking these words, Jagannatha Misra called for His son. Jagannatha Misra said, "Son, please listen to my words.
"From this day on You will not study. You may do other things. This I promise You.
"Son, I will give You whatever You wish. Happily stay at home."
After speaking these words, Jagannatha Misra left on some other business. Lord Visvambhara no longer studied.
Lord Chaitanya, who is eternal religious principle personified, did not disobey His father's words. He did not study.
Unhappy at heart that His studies were broken, the Lord again became an troublesome and mischievous boy in the company of the other boys.
Whether in his home or the homes of others, the Lord broke or harmed whatever He touched.
At night the Lord did not stay at home. The whole night He played with other boys.
Covering themselves with a blanket, the Lord and two other boys made themselves look like a bull. In this way they playfully wandered here and there.
One day they saw a banana garden at someone's house. When night came they put on the bull costume and then attacked the banana trees.
Thinking the boys were a bull, the owner of the house cried out, "Haya! Haya!" The owner of the house now awake, the boys fled.
Sometimes the Lord would fasten house doors from the outside. Thus the person inside could not leave, even to pass stool or urine.
When the person inside the house called out, "Haya! Haya!" or "Who locked the door?", the Lord fled.
In this way He who is the master of the thirty million demigods played with some boys day and night.
Although Lord Visvambhara was always involved in this kind of mischief, Jagannatha Misra never spoke a word about it.
One day Jagannatha Misra went out on some business. The Lord was angry in His heart because He was not allowed to study.
The Lord then took His seat on some pots rejected after the offering of food to Lord Vishnu.
With a single heart please listen to this confidential story. By hearing this story one attains the perfection of devotional service to Lord Krishna.
When He made His throne on these rejected pots, a smile came to Lord Chaitanya's mouth.
His fair limbs anointed with black soot, the Lord looked like a golden Deity anointed with black fragrances.
Learning of this, the boys went ot Saci and said, "Nimai has taken His seat on some pots."
When she saw Him, Mother Saci said, "Haya! Haya!" She said, "Son, this is not the right place to sit.
"Anyone who touches rejected pots must bathe. Knowledge of this has not taken its birth in You today?"
The Lord replied, "You will not allow Me to study. How will an uneducated brahmana like Me know what is right and what is not?
"I am uneducated. I do not know the difference between right and wrong. To Me everything is "One". I am perfect in knowledge of non-duality."
After speaking these words, the Lord smiled from His seat of rejected pots. The Lord was then in the mood of Dattatreya.
His mother said, "You are sitting in a very contaminated place. How will You be purified?"
The Lord replied, "Mother, you have the ideas of a tiny child. The place where I stay is never contaminated.
"Wherever I stay is most pure and sacred. The Ganga and all holy places stay there.
" `Pure' and `impure' exist only in the imagination. How can the creator be at fault in any way? This I know in My heart.
"Let us assume that something is impure according to the Vedas and according to custom. If I touch it, how will it remain impure?
"These pots are not contaminated at all. After all, you used them to cook for Lord Vishnu.
"Pots used to cook for Lord Vishnu are never contaminate. Indeed, the touch of these pots is very purifying.
"No place where I stay is ever contaminated. Indeed, everything is purified by My touch.
"In the mood of child, the Lord spoke these truths, and then laughed. Still, His mother could not understand any of it, for she was under the spell of Yogamaya."
Hearing the boy's words, everyone laughed. Then Saci said, "Come and take Your bath."
The Lord would not come. He stayed. Saci said, "Come down at once, before Your father learns of this."
The Lord said, "If you do not allow me to study, I will not come down. I tell you that."
Then everyone rebuked Mother Saci. They said, "Why do you not allow Him to study?"
"Others struggle to get their sons to study. How fortunate you are that your son likes to study.
"Who is the enemy that gave you the idea to force your son to stay home, an uneducated fool?
"This boy does not possess even half a sesame seed of fault." Everyone said, "Child Nimai,
"If from today You are not allowed to study, then You should do as much mischief as You wish.
The Lord would not come down. He stayed there and smiled. All the pious people floated in an ocean of bliss.
Mother Saci personally picked Him up and carried Him down. Lord Chaitanya simply snmiled. He was splendid like a sapphire.
Accepting the mood of Dattatreya, the Lord spoke a certain "truth". By the power of Yogamaya, no one understood what He said.
Saintly Saci bathed her son. Eventually saintly Jagannatha Misra returned home.
Saci described everything to Jagannatha Misra. Dhe said, "Our son is unhappy at heart that He cannot study."
Everyone said to him, O Jagannatha Misra, you are a generous person. On whose advice did you forbid your son to study?
"What Lord Krishnacandra arranges will certainly come true. Don't worry. Let your son study.
"You are fortunate. Your son wishes to study. On an auspicious day give Him the sacred thread and resume His studies."
Jagannatha Misra said, "You are my best friends. What you say, I must say also."
When they saw the boy Lord's extraordinary activities, everyone became filled with wonder. Still, no one could understand the real truth about them.
Sometimes great saints would visit. They would say to Jagannatha Misra,
"This boy is not a resident of the material world. Carefully protect Him with all your heart."
Concealing His true identity, the king of Vaikuntha enjoyed many pastimes in His own home.
Then, by His father's order, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu happily resumed His studies.
The two moons Shri Krishna Chaitanya and Shri Nityananda are my life and soul. I, Vrindavana dasa, sing the glories of Their feet.