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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Chaitanya Bhagavata Translation > Adi Khanda > 15.

Chapter Fifteen

Shri Vishnupriya-parinaya-varnana


Description of the Marriage to Shri Vishnupriya


Text 1 Glory, glory to Lord Chaitanya! Glory to Lord Nityananda! O my Lords, please place Your feet in my heart.

Text 2 Glory, glory to Lord Chaitanya and His associates! One who hears these narrations of Lord Chaitanya will attain true devotional service.

Text 3 In this way the Lord passionately enjoyed pastimes of learning. He kept His true identity a secret. He did not reveal it.

Text 4 At sunrise the Lord would chant the Gayatri mantra, perform other duties, offer obeisances to His mother, and then go to teach.

Text 5 Mukunda-Sanjaya had been the Lord's servant for many births. Purushottama dasa was his son.

Text 6 To teach His students, every day Lord Chaitanya would gloriously walk to the home of this fortunate person.

Text 7 First the Lord would sit in the candi-mandapa. Then His students would enter.

Text 8 Sometimes a student would forget to put tilaka on his forehead.

Text 9 The Lord always establishes all the principles of religion. Never deviating from the principles of religion, the Lord protects the world.

Text 10

The Lord would make him so embarrassed that the student would never again fail to wear tilaka.

Text 11

The Lord would say, "O My brother, I do not see tilaka on your forehead. What is the reason for that?

Text 12

" `If a brahmana does not wear tilaka on his forehead, then that forehead becomes like a creation-ground.' The Vedas say that.

Text 13

"This I know: Today you have not chanted the Gayatri-mantra. O My brother, today your chanting of Gayatri is in vain.

Text 14

"Go home and chant Gayatri again. When you have chanted Gayatri again you may return and study."

Text 15

That is how the Lord was with His students. Every one of them was very attentive to his religious duties.

Text 16

The Lord was playful and arrogant. No one was like Him. He was active in many different ways.

Text 17

Still, He would never joke with others' wives. Seeing a woman from far away, He would move to one side.

Text 18

Seeing a person from Shrihatta, the Lord would make fun of his dialect.

Text 19

Then the person from Shrihatta would angrily say, "Ai! Ai! What country are You from, that You talk so confidently?

Text 20

"Say from where Your father, mother, and other kinsmen came. I can see. Were they not born in Shrihatta?

Text 21

"You are a son of Shrihatta. Why do You make suh an uproar?"

Text 22

No matter what they said, the Lord would not accept it. In different ways He would continue to mock that dialect.

Text 23

When great anger was not the response, the Lord would still mock the Shrihatta dialect.

Text 24

Sometimes they would very angrily chase the Lord. Unable to catch Him, they could only shout and threaten.

Text 25

Sometimes one of them would catch the Lord, gra His dhoti at the waist, and angrily drag Him to the Muslim governor.

Text 26

At the end the Lord's friends would come and somehow everything would be made right.

Text 27

Some days the Lord would enter a storeroom belonging to a person from east Bengal, break everything, and flee.

Text 28

In this way the Lord was mischeivous to everyone. Still, He never cast a sidelong glance to any woman.

Text 29

In this incarnation the Lord would not even hear the word "woman". For that He was famous in the world.

Text 30

Therefore the wise devotees never glorify Lord Chaitanya as "Gauranga-nagara".

Text 31

Although it is possible to glorify the Lord in every way, the wise devotees glorify the Lord in a way proper for the nature He displays at the moment.

Text 32

In this way the king of Vaikuntha enjoyed pastimes of tasting the nectar of learning at Mukunda-Sanjaya's house.

Text 33

The circle of His students splendid in the four directions, the happy Lord lectured in their midst.

Text 34

Sometimes the Lord would stop, have a servant anoint His head with Vishnu oil, and then happily proceed with His lecture.

Text 35

Beginning at sunrise, the Lord, who is a treasure house of virtues, would teach for si hours. Then He would go to bathe in the Ganga.

Text 36

Every evening He would again lecture for half the night.

Text 37

After only one year of study, His students would become panditas learned in all truths.

Text 38

In this way the Lord tasted the nectar of learning. Meanwhile, Saci was always thinking of His re-marriage.

Text 39

In all of Navadvipa Saci was always looking for a suitable bride for her son.

Text 40

In Navadvipa lived a very fortunate and generous person named Shri Sanatana.

Texts Texts 41-42

He was honest, generous, very devoted to Lord Vishnu, hospitable to guests, always eager to help others, truthful, in control of his senses, born in an illustrious family, and famous everywhere as a "raja-pandita" (regal scholar).

Text 43

He was also very wealthy. He easily maintained many persons.

Text 44

His daughter was very beautiful and well-behaved. She was like Goddess Lakshmi, the mother of the worlds, personified.

Text 45

The moment she saw her, Saci-devi thought in her heart, "This is the right girl for my son."

Text 46

From childhood she bathed two or three times daily in the Ganga. She did not know anything but devotion to Lord Vishnu and to her father and mother.

Text 47

Day after day, whenever she saw her at the bathing ghata, she would humbly bow down to Mother Saci's feet.

Text 48

Very pleased with her, Mother Saci blessed her, saying, "May Lord Krishna bless you with a suitable husband."

Text 49

As she bathed in the Ganga, Mother Saci thought in her heart, "This girl should be given to my son."

Text 50

In their hearts the raja-pandita and his kinsmen also desired to give the girl to the Lord.

Text 51

By divine arrangement Saci met Kasinatha Pandita and said to him, "My boy, please hear my words.

Text 52

"Please tell the raja-pandita that if he wishes he may give his daughter to my son."

Text 53

Chanting the names "Durga!" and "Krishna!", Kasinatha Pandita at once went to the raja-pandita's home.

Text 54

Seeing Kasinatha, the raja-pandita respectfully offered him a place to sit.

Text 55

Offer him proper respect, the pandita asked, "Why have you come, O my brother?"

Text 56

Kasinatha replied, "I have something to tell you. If your heart is so inclined, you may act upon it.

Text 57

"You should give your daughter to Visvambhara Pandita. In every way they are a good match.

Text 58

"He will be a glorious husband suitable for your daughter, and your very chaste daughter will also be suitable for Him.

Text 59

"As Lord Krishna and Rukmini are right for each other, so your Vishnupriya and Nimai Pandita are also right for each other.

Text 60

Hearing these words, the pandita met with his wife and kinsmen to consider what to do. He said, "Let us look at what he has said."

Text 61

They all replied, "What do we have to think about? You should agree and make all the arrangements at once."

Text 62

Happy, the raja-pandita then said to Kasinatha Pandita,

Text 63

"I will give my daughter to Visvambhara Pandita. I will arrange everything. There is not another brahmana like Visvambhara.

Text 64

"If my entire dynasty is fortunate, then the Lord will accept this union with my daughter.

Text 65

"Go and tell them everything. I am firmly in favor of this marriage. I will make all the arrangements."

Text 66

Hearing this, Kasinatha Misra went to Saci and happily told her everything.

Text 67

Hearing that all was arranged, Mother Saci became happy. She began to make all the arrangements.

Text 68

Hearing of the Lord's marriage, all His students became very happy at heart.

Text 69

From the beginning a great soul named Buddhimanta insisted, "I will pay for this marriage."

Text 70

Then Mukunda-Sanjaya said, "O my friend, O my brother, please listen. You will pay for everything and I will not pay for even a little?"

Text 71

Then Buddhimanta Khana said, "O my friend, O my brother, "This will not be anything like the marriage of a poor brahmana.

Text 72

"When the people see this pandita's marriage, they will think a prince is getting married."

Text 73

Then, on an auspicious day, and at an auspicious time, with a happy heart everyone met and performed the adhivasa ceremony.

Text 74

A great, great canopy was arranged. Many banana trees were brought.

Text 75

There were full waterpots, lamps, grain, yogurt, and mangoes. There were many auspicious things.

Text 76

Everything was brought. The floor was decorated with colorful designs.

7*-78. To all the Vaishnavas, brahmana, and respectable persons in Navadvipa the following invitation was sent, "In the afternoon please come to the adhivasa and you will enjoy a wonderful feast."

Text 79

As the afternoon began the musicians began to play their instruments.

Text 80

Then there arose a great sound of mridangas, shanais, jayatakas, karatalas, and many other instruments.

Texts Texts 81-82

The poets recited prayers, the chaste ladies devoted to their husbands made auspicious sounds, and the brahmanas recited the Vedas. In the midst of all this sat He who is the jewel of the regal brahmanas.

Text 83

In the four directions sat the circle of brahmanas. Everyone was very happy at heart.

Text 84

Then someone brought fragrances, sandal paste, betelnuts, and splendid garlands to give to the brahmanas.

Text 85

Someone placed the garlands around their heads, anointed their limbs with the sandal paste, and gave them each a cup of betelnuts.

Text 86

Nadiya was a community of brahmanas. There was no end to the brahmanas. Many brahmanas came. Then more brahmanas came. There was no end.

Text 87

Among the guests were many greedy persons. After arriving once, they would dress like actors in a play and arrive again.

Text 88

Coming again, they would again accept the garland, sandal paste, and betelnuts.

Text 89

Everyone was intoxicated with bliss. Who can understand it? Smiling, the Lord gave this order:

Text 90

"Three times give the garland, sandal paste, and betelnuts to everyone. Don't worry. Give as many times as the people wish."

Text 91

In this way the Lord solved the problem of some guests acepting the gifts many times.

Texts Texts 92-93

The Lord, who deeply loves the brahmanas, thought in His heart, "It is not good that some foolish brahmanas accept the gifts many times. It is cheating and it is an offense." That is why the Lord ordered, "Give everything three times. Then everyone will be completely satisfied."

Text 94

Accepting the gifts three times, everyone became happy at heart. No one cheated.

Text 95

The garlands, sandal paste, and betel nuts were all manifested from Lord Ananta Sesha. This secret truth no one knew.

Text 96

When these gifts were given to the guests, some remnants of them fell to the ground.

Text 97

Those remnants would be enough to supply five ordinary weddings.

Text 98

Everyone was joyful at heart. Everyone said, "This is a glorious, glorious, glorious adhivasa."

Text 99

Even Navadvipa's wealthy elite, who were the masters of hundreds and thousands of coins, did not celebrate for their sons an adhivasa like that.

Text 100

No one had ever given such lavish gifts of garlands, sandal paste, and beteluts before in Navadvipa.

Text 101

The raja-pandita was very joyful at heart. It was he who had brought the ingredients for the adhivasa.

Text 102

When the relatives and brahmanas arrived there was a great festival of singing, dancing, and instrumental music.

Text 103

At an auspicious moment, with a very happy heart, and following the rules of the Vedas, the raja-pandita decorated the Lord with fragrant tilaka.

Text 104

At that moment everyone recited prayers and called out, "Jaya! Jaya! Hari!"

Text 105

The wives devoted to their husbands made glorious sounds. The singing and instrumental musi brought great bliss.

Text 106

In this way the auspicious adhivasa ceremony was celebrated. At the end the regal brahmana Sanatana returned to his home.

Text 107

At an auspicious moment the Lord's relatives also celebrated a similar adhivasa ceremony for Vishnupriya.

Text 108

Whatever wedding rituals were customary the divine couple celebrated with great happiness.

Text 109

On the day of the wedding, Lord Chaitanya bathed at sunrise and then worshiped Lord Vishnu.

Text 110

Then, accompanied by His kinsmen, the Lord sat down to perform the nandimukha ceremony.

Text 111

There was a great tumult of singing, dancing, and instrumental music. Auspicious sounds of pJaya! Jaya!" rose in the four directions.

Text 112

Shoreless oceans of full waterpots, rice, yogurt, lamps, and mangoes were placed at the door, in the house, and in the courtyard.

Text 113

In the four directions were fluttering flags of many colors, banana trees, and mango branches.

Text 114

Then, accompanied by the wives devoted to their husbands, Mother Saci very happily performed the customary rituals.

Text 115

First, with a very happy heart she bathed in the Ganga. Then, accompanied by instrumental music, she went to the temple of Goddess Shashthi.

Text 116

After worshiping Goddess Shashthi, Saci visited the homes of her relatives. Thus performing the customary rituals, she returned to her own home.

Text 117

Again and again giving them gifts of puffed rice, bananas, oil, betelnuts, and red sindura, she completely satisfied all the ladies.

Text 118

By the Lord's power these things all became limitless in quantity. Saci gave these gifts five or seven times to each woman.

Text 119

Then all the ladies bathed with oil. There was not one of them that was not perfectly happy at heart.

Text 120

There was great bliss at Goddess Lakshmi's home. Lakshmi's mother was very joyful at heart.

Text 121

The raja-pandita was also very joyful at heart. By giving away His great treasure, He was floating in bliss.

Text 122

After performing all these rituals, Lord Chaitanya sat down for a moment's rest.

Text 123

Then the Lord pleased the brahmana by giving them food and garments. He humbly bowed before them.

Text 124

He gave appropriate gifts to each person. In this way He honored everyone.

Text 125

Very pleased, all the brahmanas offered their blessings. Then everyone went home for lunch.

Text 126

In the afternoon everyone came to dress and decorate the Lord.

Text 127

Everyone placed sandal paste on the Lord's graceful limbs. Everywhere they anointed Him with fragrances.

Text 128

They made a half-moon of sandal paste on His forehead. In the middle of that half-moon they placed splendid and fragrant tilaka.

Text 129

A wonderful crown glistened on the Lord's graceful head. A fragrant garland covered His entire body.

Text 130

He was dressed in splendid, fine, yellow dhoti that was folded three times. Black kajjala was placed around His eyes.

Text 131

He held rice and durva grass. A string was tied around His wrist. He was given a mirror and a banana shoot to hold.

Text 132

Golden earrings swung from the root of His ears. A necklace of many different jewels hung from His shoulders.

Text 133

In this way everyone happily decorated the Lord's limbs.

Text 134

Gazing at the Lord's form, the men and women became enchanted. They forgot who they were.

Text 135

Three hours passed in this way. Everyone said, "Now should begin the auspicious and glorious procession.

Text 136

"For three hours the procession will walk through all of Navadvipa. At sunset everyone will go to the bride's home."

Text 137

Then Buddhimanta Khan happily brought a splendid palanquin.

Text 138

Then a tumult of singing and instrumental musi rose. The brahmanas chanted the very auspicious sounds of the Vedas.

Text 139

Poets recited many prayers. Bliss descended on the four directions.

Text 140

Then the Lord circumambulated His mother and respectfully bowed down before the brahmanas.

Text 141

When the Lord sat on the palanquin, auspicious sounds of "Jaya! Jaya!" arose in the four directions.

Text 142

Then the ladies made auspicious sounds. There was no other sound in any direction.

Text 143

The procession first went to the Ganga's bank. Everyone gazed at the half moon above their heads.

Text 144

Thousands and thousands of lamps shone. The bearers played with the lamps in different ways.

Text 145

In front of the palanquin Buddhimanta Khan's employees walked in two lines.

Text 146

Behind them were men carrying flags of different colors, and behind them were jesters dressed in colorful clothing.

Text 147

I do not know how many dancers were happily dancing.

148-Text 149

The musicians played on jayatakas, viratakas, mridangas, kahalas, patahas, dagadas, conchshells, flutes, karatalas, varangas, singas, and others of the five kinds of instruments. I cannot write of all the instruments they played.

Text 150

Hundreds of thousands of children happily danced as the musicians played. Seeing this, the Lord smiled.

Text 151

Seeing the happy playing of the children, all the wise elders abandoned their natural reserve and also danced.

Text 152

They first went to the Ganga's bank, where for some moments they sang, danced, and happily played musical instruments.

Text 153

Then, after showering flowers and bowing down before the Ganga, they happily paraded in the town of Navadvipa.

Text 154

Seeing these wedding festivities, which were far beyond what a mere human being could manifest, everyone found their hearts filled with wonder.

Text 155

"This is a great, great wedding!" the people said, "I have never seen such wealth."

Text 156

The men and women all gazed at the Lord. Gazing at Him, all the pious people of Nadiya floated in bliss.

Text 157

All the brahmanas with beautiful daughters at home thought,

Text 158

"I did not have the power to give my daughter to a bridegroom like Him. I am not fortunate. What can I do?"

Text 159

I offer my respectful obeisances to the feet of the residents of Navadvipa, who were able to see all these blissful pastimes.

Text 160

In this way the Lord happily paraded through neighborhood after neighborhood in the town of Navadvipa.

Text 161

When sunset came, the Lord went to the palace of the raja-pandita.

Text 162

There was a tumult of glorious sounds. The musicians played their instruments.

Text 163

Very respectfully, the raja-pandita helped the Lord down from the palanquin, embraced Him, and gave Him a place to sit.

Text 164

He happily showered flowers on the Lord. Gazing at his son-in-law, he became so happy he no longer was aware of his own body.

Text 165

Bringing many gifts of cloth, the brahmana welcomed his son-in-law and gave Him a place to sit.

Text 166

Giving Him padya, arghya, acamaniya, garments, and ornwments, he properly welcomed the Lord.

Text 167

Then, accompanied by many other ladies, his wife performed auspicious rituals.

Text 168

She placed rice and durva grass on the Lord's head. Then she offered arati with seven ghee-lamps.

Text 169

Showering Him with coins and puffed rice, she uttered sounds of victory. In this way she observed the customary rituals.

Text 170

Then after decorating Her with all ornaments, she brought out Goddess Lakshmi and gave her a seat.

Text 171

Then the Lord's kinsmen happily picked up the Lord and placed Him in His seat.

Text 172

Then, following custom, she held a curtain around the Lord and had Goddess Lakshmi circumambulate Him seven times.

Text 173

When she had completed the seventh circumambulation, Goddess Lakshmi stood before the Lord and then bowed down before Him.

Text 174

Then there was a great shower of flowers, and the two groups of musicians played their instruments.

Text 175

From the four directions the men and women made sounds of victory. Bliss descended on everyone.

Text 176

Goddess Lakshmi, the mother of the worlds, placed a garland at the Lord's feet and then offered herself to Him.

Text 177

Gently smiling, Lord Chaitanya picked up the garland and placed it around Goddess Lakshmi's neck.

Text 178

Then a blissful shower of flowers fell on Shri Shri Lakshmi-Narayana.

Text 179

Appearing in disguise, Brahma and the demigods came there and happily showered flowers.

Text 180

Goddess Lakshmi's kinsmen and Lord Chaitanya's kinsmen engaged in a loud contest of making blissful sounds. Their hearts joyful, they picked up the bride and groom.

Text 181

One moment the Lord's kinsmen won the contest. The next moment Laksmi's kinsmen won it. laughing and laughing, the Lord encouraged them to shout louder and louder.

Text 182

The Lord gently smiled. Gazing at His handsome face, everyone floated in transcendental bliss.

Text 183

Thousands and thousands of brilliant lamps shone. No ear could hear anything but a great tumult of musi

Text 184

As Lord Chaitanya and Goddess Lakshmi gazed in each other's moonlike face there was tumult of instruemntal musi and many glorious sounds. Those tumultuous sounds filled all the universes. I hear it was like that.

Text 185

In this way the Lord and the goddess happily gazed at each other's moonlike face. The Lord Chaitanya and Goddess Lakshmi sat down together.

Text 186

Then with a happy heart the raja-pandita sat down to offer his daughter to the Lord.

Text 187

After properly offering padya, arghya, and acamaniya, he formally declared his intention.

Text 188

Wishing to please Lord Vishnu, Goddess Lakshmi's father placed His daughter in the hand of the Supreme Lord.

Text 189

Then he happily gave a dowry of many splendid cows, land, beds, servants, and maidservants,.

Text 190

Goddess Lakshmi sat at the Lord's left. Then a yajna was performed.

Text 191

When all the Vedi and traditional rituals were complete, the bide and groom again entered the house.

Text 192

The raja-pandita's home was actually the world of Vaikuntha. Then everyone sat down to a feast.

Text 193

When the feasting was complete, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Krishna happily spent that auspicious night together.

Text 194

Who has the power to describe the happiness felt by Sanatana Pandita and his knsmen?

Text 195

He was fortunate in the same way Nagnajit, Janaka, Bhishmaka, and Jambavan had been in ancient times.

Text 196

Sanatana Pandita and his kinsmen were fortunate in this way because in their previous births they had greatly served Lord Vishnu.

Text 197

That night and the following morning the Lord and the goddess, who are the most exalted persons in all the worlds, observed all the traditional rituals.

Text 198

Then, on the afternoon of the next day, They went, accompanied by singing, dancing, and instrumental music, to the Lord's home.

Text 199

Auspicious sounds filled the four directions. The ladies made many glorious sounds.

Text 200

The brahmanas came to offer blessings and recite verses proper for the occasion.

Text 201

Playing on dhakas, patahas, shanais, vadangas, and karatalas, the musicians made a great sound.

Text 202

Then, after offering respectful obeisances to all the honored elders, the Lord, accompanied by Goddess Lakshmi, ascended the palanquin.

Text 203

Calling out "Hari! Hari!" everyone made a tumult of glorious sounds. Then He who is the jewel of the brahmanas began His journey.

Text 204

Everyone who saw the Lord traveling on the streets would respectfully call out, "Glorious! Glorious!"

Text 205

When they saw Him, the ladies said, "In how many past births did that girl serve Lakshmi and Parvati that now she has become so fortunate?"

Text 206

Someone said, "I think they are like Siva and Gauri." Someone else said, "I think they are like Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Hari."

Text 207

Someone else said, "They are like Kamadeva and Rati." Someone else said, "To my mind They are like Indra and Saci."

Text 208

Someone else said, "I think They are like Ramacandra and Sita." In these ways the pious ladies spoke.

Text 209

The men and women of Nadiya were very fortunate, for they could see all these glorious pastimes.

Text 210

Shri Shri Lakshmi-Narayana's auspicious glances delighted everyone in Nadiya.

Text 211

In whatever pathway the divine couple joyfully traveled there were singing, dancing, instrumental music, and showers of flowers.

Text 212

Then, at an auspicious moment, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Krishna happily arrived at the Lord's house.

Text 213

Then, accompanied by many chaste ladies devoted to their husbands, Mother Saci happily took Her son and daughter-in-law into the house.

Text 214

Entering the house, Shri Shri Lakshmi-Narayana sat down. The entire house was filled with auspicious sounds.

Text 215

The bliss of those pastimes cannot be described. Who will describe the glory of those pastimes?

Text 216

Every person who with his or her own eyes saw the handsomeness of the Lord's transcendental form became free of all sin and went to the world of Vaikuntha.

Text 217

Everyone directly saw the Lord's wedding. That is why the Lord is called "dayamaya" (merciful, and "dina-natha" (the Lord of the fallen).

Text 218

With gifts of garments and money, and with sweet words, the Lord satisfied the dancers, poets, and beggars.

Text 219

To each of His kinsmen and to each of the brahmanas the Lord happily gave valuable garments.

Text 220

To Buddhimanta Khan the Lord gave an embrace. The bliss Buddhimanta felt was beyond description.


Text 221

The Vedas declare that the Lord's pastimes are not really divided into parts like "the Lord's appearance in the world" and "the Lord's disappearance from the world".

Text 222

Who, speaking for a hundred years, will describe even one half hour of the Lord's pastimes?

Text 223

Placing Lord Nityananda's order on my head, by His mercy I have written this brief description, like sutras, of the Lord's pastimes.

Text 224

Anyone who reads or hears these pastimes of the Lord will certainly enjoy pastimes with Lord Chaitanya.

Text 225

The two moons Shri Krishna Chaitanya and Shri Nityananda are my life and soul. I, Vrindavana dasa, sing the glories of Their feet.