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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Chaitanya Bhagavata Translation > Adi Khanda > 14.

Chapter Fourteen

Banga-desa-vijaye Lakshmi-devi-tirodhana


The Victorious Journey to East Bengal and the Disappearance of Lakshmi-devi



Text 1 Glory, glory to Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu! Glory, glory to the Lord who is very dear to Nityananda, and whose transcendental form is eternal!

Text 2 Glory, glory to He who is the life of Pradyumna Misra! Glory to He who is the life and wealth of Shri Paramananda Puri!

Text 3 Glory, glory to He who is the life and wealth of all the Vaishnavas! O Lord, please give Your merciful glance, and thus save all the conditioned souls.

Text 4 O brother, with a single mind please hear the Adi-khanda, which describes how Lord Krishna enjoyed pastimes as a brahmana.

Text 5 Accompanied by His students, at every moment He who is the king of Vaikuntha enjoyed pastimes of tasting the nectar of learning.

Text 6 Accompanied by His students, in town after town in Navadvipa the Lord enjoyed pastimes of tasting the nectar of learning.

Text 7 Everyone in Navadvipa said, "Nimai Pandita is the crest jewel of teachers."

Text 8 Very, very rich men would at once descend from their palanquins and very respectfully bow down before Him.

Text 9 Simply by seeing the Lord, everyone became filled with awe. In Navadvipa there was not a single person who was not submissive to Him.

Text 10

 Th pious people in Navadvipa would always send foodstuffs to the Lord's home.

Text 11

 The supremely generous Lord would always give charity to the distressed.

Text 12

 When He saw a person in distress, Lord Chaitanya would always very kindly give food, clothing, and money.

Text 13

 Guests would always visit the Lord's home. The Lord always received everyone with appropriate hospitality.

Text 14

 One day the Lord happily invited ten or twenty sannyasis.

Text 15

 He sent a messenger to tell His mother that twenty sannyasis would soon come to take their meal.

Text 16

 There was nothing in the house. In her heart Mohter Saci thought, "How will I feed twenty sannyasis?"

Text 17

 As she was worrying in this way, someone, I do not know who, suddenly brought all the needed foodstuffs.

Text 18

 Lakshmi-devi then cooked a feast. Then the Lord came home.

Text 19

 After giving them their sitting places, the Lord happily fed the sannyasis.

Text 20

 In this way the merciful Lord received guests and asked how He could serve them.

Text 21

 Lord Chaitanya gave this instruction about a householder's duty: "Hospitality to guests is at the root of a householder's duty.

Text 22

 "I say that a householder who is not hospitable to guests is lower than a bird or a beast.

Text 23

 "A householder who, because previous bad karma has nothing to give may give a straw sitting mat, water, and a place to rest.

Text 24

 "In the Manu-samhita (3.10, it is said:


trinani bhumir udakam

     vak caturthi ca sunrita

etasyapi satam gehe

     nocchidyante kadacana


     " `A grass (sitting mat), a place (to rest), water (to wash the feet), and, the fourth (in this sequence): sweet words, are never unavailable in the homes of pious persons."


Text 25

 "A person who, unable to give anything else, gives pleasant words, is not considered inhospitable.

Text 26

 "A person who with an honest heart offers hospitality as far as he is able is called a gracious host."

Text 27

 Thus the Supreme Lord showed hospitality to His guests, very respectfully asking how He could serve them.

Text 28

 Those guests were very fortunate, for Shri Shri Lakshmi-Narayana personally gave them food.

Text 29

 They ate the wonderful foods that Brahma and the demigods at every moment yearn to taste.

    Texts Texts 30-31

 Some people said, "The guests who ate then were not ordinary persons. They must have been Brahma, Siva, Sukadeva, Vyasa, Narada, and other exalted persons. They must have been demigods and perfect sages who can do whatever they like.

Text 32

 "Aware that Shri Shri Lakshmi-Narayana had descended to this world in Navadvipa, these demigods and sage came here in the forms of sannyasis.

Text 33

 "Others would not have had the power to do as they did. Who but Brahma and the demigods and sages could have taken that meal?"

Text 34

 Someone else said, "The Lord has descended to this world in order to relieve the sufferings of the conditioned souls.He always delivers the suffering souls.

Text 35

 Brahma and all the demigods and sages are like the primary and secondary limbs of the Supreme Lord. They are His associates always.

Text 36

 "Still, in this incarnation the Lord has declared, `To all living entities I will give what even Brahma and the demigods cannot attain.'

Text 37

 "In His own home the Supreme Lord feeds the distressed conditioned souls. He does this to deliver them from the material world."

Text 38

 Devoted to her husband, with a happy heart Lakshmi-devi cooked His meals.

Text 39

 Seeing Lakshmi's virtues, fortunate Saci found her joy increase hour by hour.

Text 40

 From dawn she was busy with household chores. She did everything. That was her nature.

Text 41

 In the auspicious circle of the temple-room she happily drew a conchshell and a cakra.

Text 42

 She prepared fragrances, flowers, incense, lamps and scented water for the worship of the Lord.

Text 43

 She always served Tulasi. With a respectful heart she served Saci.

Text 44

 Seeing Lakshmi's virtues, Lord Chaitanya was very satisfied at heart, although with His mouth He never spoke any words about it.

Text 45

 Some days Lakshmi would place the Lord's feet on her lap and massage His soles at every moment.

Text 46

 Sometimes Saci would see a wonderful flame of light come from the soles of Her son's feet.

Text 47

 Some days Mother Saci could smell the fragrance of lotus flowers everywhere in the house. The fragrance had no end.

Text 48

 In this way Shri Shri Lakshmi-Narayana stayed in Navadvipa. Because They had concealed Their true identities, no one knew who They were.

Text 49

 One day the supremely independent Lord decided that He wished to see East Bengal.

Text 50

 The Lord spoke these words to His mother: "O mother, I will go on a journey for some days."

Text 51

 To Lakshmi the Lord said, "Always serve My mother."

Text 52

 Taking with Him some of His kinsmen and students, the Lord happily went to East Bengal.

Text 53

 Whoever saw the Lord on His travels could not turn his eyes away from Him.

Text 54

 Seeing Him, the women said, "I offer my respectful obeisances to the fortunate woman who gave birth to such a son.

Text 55

 "The fortunate a glorious woman who has such a husband has certainly made her birth as a woman a great success."

Text 56

 Gazing at the Lord as He walked on the path, the men and women happily spoke in this way again and again.

Text 57

 The demigods yearn to see the Lord. By the Lord's mercy these people saw Him.

Text 58

 After some days of slow travel in this way, Lord Chaitanya came to the banks of the Padmavati.

Text 59

 The Padmavati's waters were beautiful with many waves. Its banks were beautiful with gardens and forests.

Text 60

 After happily gazing at the Padmavati, the Lord and His companions bathed in her waters.

Text 61

 From that day the Padmavati became very fortunate and glorious. It became able to purify all the worlds.

Text 62

 The Padmavati River was very beautiful to see. Its current, waves, and banks were very beautiful and charming.

Text 63

 Gazing at the Padmavati, the Lord became very happy. Because of her good fortune, the Lord stayed there for some days.

    Texts Texts 64-65

 It was her good fortune that every day the Lord played in the Padmavati's waters, as before He happily played with His students in the waters of the Ganga.


Text 66

 Because Lord Chaitanya traveled there, to this day East Bengal is very fortunate and glorious.

Text 67

 Hearing that Lord Chaitanya was staying on thre banks of the Padmavati, everyone there became filled with joy.

Text 68

 In every direction were the words, "Nimai Pandita, the crest jewel of teachers, has come here."

Text 69

 With gifts in their hands, the fortunate brahmanas at once came to meet Him.

Text 70

 They approached the Lord, bowed down, presented their gifts, and said,

Text 71

 "We are all very fortunate to have Your glorious presence in our country.

Text 72

 Here people work to collect money so they may go to Navadvipa and study under Your guidance.

Text 73

 "Now, without any effort on our part, Your Lordship has coem to our door.

Text 74

 "You must be an incarnation of Brihaspati. No other teacher is like You.

Text 75

 "Then again, it is not right to compare You to Brihaspati. You must be an incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is what I think within my heart.

Text 76

 "No one but the Lord Himself can be as learned as You are. No has in their heart the wealth of knowledge that You have.

Text 77

 "We place this request before You: Please give a little learning to us all.

Text 78

 "O jewel of the brahmanas, we read and teach and hear Your commentaries.

Text 79

 Please accept us all as Your students. Please place Your glory in our country."

Text 80

 Smiling, the Lord assured them that He would stay. Thus for some days the Lord enjoyed pastimes in East Beangal.

Text 81

 Because of this fortunate event, even today all the men and women in East Bengal are followers of Lord Chaitanya's sankirtana movement.

Text 82

 Gradually, some sinners came and destroyed everything.

Text 83

 Interested only in filling their bellies, these sinners claim, "I am Lord Ramacandra."

Text 84

 Some of these sinners gave up chanting the holy names of Lord Krishna. Instead they chanted the name "Narayana", thinking that name refereed to themselves.

Text 85

 I can see the truth of these people. Why are they not ashamed to make these useless claims about themselves, claims that are like a heap of ashes?

Text 86

 In Radha-desa lives a great brahmana-demon. In his heart he is a demon, but he has a glass-facade of being a brahmana.

Text 87

 This sinner claims that he is Krishna and calls himself "Gopala". Everyone else called him "the jackal".

Text 88

 Only Lord Chaitanya is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and no one else. Degraded persons who claim to be God are only a patheti heaps of ashes.

Text 89

 Raising my arms, I proclaim the truth: "Lord Chaitanya is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Hari, who is master of countless universes!


Text 90

 "By remembering His holy name one becomes free of all material bondage. By remembering His servants one is victorious everywhere.

Text 91

 "Look. His glories are sung in all the worlds. Leave the wrong path and worship Lord Chaitanya's feet."

Text 92

 In this way Lord Chaitanya, who is the king of Vaikuntha, stayed in East Bengal and happily enjoyed pastimes of tasting the nectar of learning.

Text 93

 In this way the Lord enjoyed pastimes as a great scholar. Always looking at the Padmavati, He happily traveled.

Text 94

 In East Bengal the Lord had thousands and thousands of students. I do not know what it was like, who were the Lord's students and where they stayed.

Text 95

 Hearing of His arrival, the people of East Bengal flocked to the Lord. They declared, "I will go and study under Nimai Pandita."

Text 96

 Casting His merciful glance on the people, the Lord gave lectures. In two months all His students were learned scholars.

Text 97

 Hundreds and hundreds of students became learned and returned to their homes. Then many others came, also to hear from the Lord.

Text 98

 In this way the king of Vaikuntha stayed in East Bengal and enjoyed pastimes of tasting the nectar of learning.

Text 99

 Meanwhile, in Navadvipa, Lakshmi was very unhappy at heart to be separated from her Lord. Still, the goddess did not say anything.

Text 100

 The goddess always served Mother Saci. From the time of her Lord's departure she did not eat anything.

Text 101

 In name only did she accept only a little food. In her heart she was very unhappy to be separated from her Lord.

Text 102

 The Lord was her only master. Every night she wept. Not for a moment was she happy at heart.

Text 103

 Lakshmi could not bear separation from her Lord. She longed to be with Him.

Text 104

 Leaving behind, in this earthly world, a false image of her form, she went, unseen, to her master's side.

Text 105

 By the Ganga's bank, in meditation holding her master's lotus feet to her breast, she departed in glory.

Text 106

 I do not have the power to describe Saci's suffering. Hearing Mother Saci weep, wood began to melt.

Text 107

 I do not have the power to describe all of her sufferings. Therefore I will describe them briefly, in the form of sutras.

Text 108

 Hearing this news, all the pious people became very unhappy. They all came and acted appropriately.

Text 109

 After staying for some days in East Bengal, the Lord wished to return home.

Text 110

 Hearing, "The Lord will return home", everyone came and gave gifts, as far as they were able.

Text 111

 They brought gold, silver, waterpots, splendid sitting mats, glorious rugs, and many kinds of clothing.

Text 112

 Everyone brought whatever was the best in his house and happily gave it to the Lord.

Text 113

 Casting His glance of mercy on everyone, Lord Chaitanya, who is Lord Hari Himself, accepted the gifts.


Text 114

 Happily bidding farewell to everyone, Lord Chaitanya returned to His own home.

Text 115

 Wishing to study under the Lord at His own place, many students accompanied Him.

Text 116

 At that time there was a pious and intelligent (sara-grahi, brahmana named Tapana Misra.

Text 117

 He could not understand what was the goal of life and the way to attain it. He asked about it, but no one could answer his questions.

Text 118

 Day and night he chanted the mantra to his worshipable Deity, but there was no peace in his heart, for he did not know how to attain the goal of life.

Text 119

 One time, at the end of night, because of his great good fortune, this brahmana saw an auspicious dream.

Text 120

 A divine form came before the brahmana and told him a secret.

Text 121

 "Please listen. Listen, O saintly brahmana. Don't worry. Be peaceful at heart.

Text 122

 "Go to Nimai Pandita. He will explain to you the goal of life and the way to attain it.

Text 123

 "He is not a human being. He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Nara-Narayana Rishi, enjoying pastimes in a humanlike form. He is the origin of all the universes.

Text 124

 "Do not tell this secret, which is hidden even from the Vedas. If you tell it, you will suffer birth after birth."

Text 125

 Then the divine form disappeared. The brahmana woke up. After seeing that dream, the brahmana wept.

Text 126

 Again and again he thought in his heart, "How fortunate I am!" Thinking in this way, he at once went to meet the Lord.

Text 127

 Supremely handsome and charming Lord Chaitanya was sitting, surrounded by His students.

Text 128

 The brahmana approached, fell before the Lord's feet, and then stood in that assembly with folded hands.

Text 129

 The brahmana said, "I am a very fallen and lowly person. With Your merciful glance please deliver me from this material world.

Text 130

 "I do not have any knowledge of the goal of life or the way to attain it. Please be merciful and explain them to me.

Text 131

 "Material sense pleasures do not please my heart. How will I make my heart peaceful. Please tell me, O merciful one."

Text 132

 The Lord said, "O brahmana, how can I describe your good fortune? You desire to worship Lord Krishna perfectly.

Text 133

 "Devotional service to the Lord is very difficult to attain. It is like an ocean that has no shore. The Supreme Lord Himself explains how it should be done in each yuga (yuga-dharma).

Text 134

 "In each of the four yugas the Supreme Lord personally establishes the appropriate one of the four yuga-dharmas. When He has established the yuga-dharma, He returns to His own abode.

Text 135

 "The Lord Himself declares in Bhagavad-gita (4.8):


paritranaya sadhunam

     vinasaya ca dushkritam


     sambhavami yuge yuge


     "In order to deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to re-establish the principles of religion, I advent Myself millennium after millennium."*


Text 136

 "In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.13, it is said:


asan varnas trayo hy asya

     grihnato 'nuyugam tanuh

suklo raktas tatha pita

     idanim krishnatam gatah


     "Your son Krishna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past, He assumed three different colors-white, red, and yellow-and now He has appeared in a blackish color."*


Text 137

 "In each of the four yugas one of the four yuga-dharmas is the cause of auspiciousness for the conditioned souls. In the Kali-yuga the yuga-dharma is nama-sankirtana (chanting the holy name of the Lord).

Text 138

 "In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (12.3.52, it is said:


krite yad dhyayato vishnum

 Tretayam yajato makhaih

dvapare paricaryayam

     kalau tad dhari-kirtanat


     "Whatever result was obtained in Satya-yuga by meditating on Vishnu, in Treta-yuga by performing sacrifices, and in Dvapara-yuga by serving the Lord's lotus feet can also be obtained in Kali-yuga simply by chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra."*


Text 139

 "Therefore in Kali-yuga the sacrifice of chanting the Lord's holy names (nama-yajna, is the best spiritual activity. No other dharma is better than it.

Text 140

 "The Vedas do not have the power to describe the glories of a person who day and night tastes and hears the holy names of the Lord.

Text 141

 "Please listen, O Tapana Misra. neither austerities nor sacrifices are the dharma for Kali-yuga. Truly fortunate is the person who worships Lord Krishna.

Text 142

 "Therefore, please go home and worship Lord Krishna. Avoid duplicity, and keep Lord Krishna as the only goal of your life.

Text 143

 "The goal of life and the way to attain it are this: Meet with others and together chant the holy names of Lord Hari.

Text 144

 "In the Brihan-Naradiya Purana it is said:


harer nama harer nama

     harer namaiva kevalam

kalau nasty eva nasty eva

     nasty eva gatir anyatha


     "In this age of quarrel and hypocrisy, the only means of deliverance is the chanting of the holy names of the Lord. There is no other way. There is no other way. There is no other way."*


Text 145

 "Here are the holy names of the Lord:


hare krishna hare krishna

     krishna krishna hare hare

hare rama hare rama

     rama rama hare hare


Text 146

 "These sixteen names and thirty-two syllables are called the maha-mantra (great mantra).

Text 147

 "When you chant these names again and again, pure love of Krishna will sprout within you. Then you will understand what is the goal of life and the way to attain it."

Text 148

 Hearing this teaching from the Lord, the brahmana bowed down again and again.

Text 149

 Tapana Misra said, "Give the order, and I will join your company." The Lord replied, "Go at once to Varanasi.

Text 150

 "There you will meet Me again and have My association. There I will explain to you everything about the goal of life and the way to attain it."

Text 151

 After speaking these words, the Lord embraced him. The brahmana was filled with spiritual love. The hairs on his body stood erect.

Text 152

 Embraced by the king of Vaikuntha, the brahmana was happy with spiritual bliss.

Text 153

 At the time of the Lord's departure, the brahmana grasped the Lord's feet. In a secluded place he described his dream.

Text 154

 Hearing it, the Lord replied, "It is true. But do not tell it to anyone."

Text 155

 Again and again, and with great earnestness, the Lord forbade him to reveal the dream. Then the Lord smiled, stood up, and, at an auspicious moment, began His journey.

Text 156

 Thus, after blessing the land of East Bengal and making it fortunate, Lord Chaitanya, who is Lord Hari Himself, returned to His own home.

Text 157

 Bringing with Him the many gifts, at sunset the Lord arrived at His home.

Text 158

 The Lord offered dandavat obeisances at His mother's feet. All the gifts He gave to her.

Text 159

 Then, accompanied by His students, the Lord quickly went to dite into the Ganga.

Text 160

 Then, unhappy at heart, and accomopanied by her associates, Mother Saci began to cook.

Text 161

 Accompanied by His associates, Lord Chaitanya, the supreme siksha-guru, respectfully offered dandavat obeisances to the Ganga.

Text 162

 For some moments He played in the water. Then He bathed. Then, after seeing the Ganga, He returned home.

Text 163

 Then, after performing His regular duties, Lord Chaitanya, who is Lord Hari Himself, sat down to eat.

Text 164

 After enjoying His meal, He who is the king of Vaikuntha entered the room that was a Vishnu temple.

Text 165

 Then the Lord left the temple-room to talk with His kinsmen. Everyone gathered around Him in the house.

Text 166

 The Lord very happily talked and joked with evereyone. He described His activities in East Bengal.

Text 167

 Laughing and laughing, the Lord imitated the East Bengali dialect.

Text 168

 Although they were all grieving, none of the kinsmen described Lakshmi's glorious departure from this world.

Text 169

 After staying for some moments, the kinsmen took their leave and returned to their homes.

Text 170

 Sitting down, the Lord chewed betelnuts and spoke many joking words.

Text 171

 Unhappy at heart, Saci-devi stayed hidden in the house. She did not come before her son.

Text 172

 The Lord came before His mother. He gazed at her unhappy face.

Text 173

 The Lord spoke sweet words to His mother. "Mother, I see that you are unhappy. What is the reason?

Text 174

 "I have happily returned from a faraway country. You should be happy at heart.

Text 175

 "Instead, I see from your face that you are unhappy. Look. Tell Me the truth. Mother, what is the reason?"

Text 176

 Hearing her son's words, Mother Saci lowered her face. She wept. Unhappy, she gave no answer.

Text 177

 The Lord said, "Mother, I know everything. I know that some inauspiciousness has come to your daughter-in-law.

Text 178

 Everyone said, "Listen, O pandita. Your brahmani has gone to the Ganga."

Text 179

 Hearing of His wife's glorious departure from this world, Lord Chaitanya, who is Lord Hari Himself, bowed His head for a moment.

Text 180

 Voluntarily accepting the unhappiness of separation from His beloved, He who is the essence of all the Vedas stood silent.

Text 181

 For a moment He imitated the unhappiness of ordinary men. Then with a peaceful heart He began to speak.

Text 182

 The Lord said, "In Shrimad-Bhagavatam (8.16.19, it is said:


kasya ke pati-putradya

     moha eva hi karanam


     " mBecause of bodily attachment, one is regarded as a husband or son. These illusory relationships are caused by misunderstanding.' "


Text 183

 The Lord said, "Mother, why are you unhappy? How can you break what is destined to be?


Text 184

 "No one can stop time. That is why the Vedas say, `The material world is not eternal.'

Text 185

 "The whole material world is subject to the Supreme Lord's will. Who but He can bring people together and then separate them from each other?

Text 186

 "Therefore this was done by the wish of the Supreme Lord Himself. Why, then, should you be unhappy?

Text 187

 "Who but a very pious and fortunate woman would thus attain the Ganga before her husband does?

Text 188

 Thus the Lord consoled His mother. Accompanied by His kinsmen, the Lord performed the proper rituals.

Text 189

 Hearing the Lord's very sweet nectar words, everyone became free of all unhappiness.

Text 190

 In this way Lord Chaitanya, who is the king of Vaikuntha, enjoyed pastimes of tasting the nectar of learning.

Text 191

 The two moons Shri Krishna Chaitanya and Shri Nityananda are my life and soul. I, Vrindavana dasa, sing the glories of Their feet.