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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Caitanya Bhagavata with Commentaries > Adi-khanda > 8-The Disappearance of Jagannatha Misra > Adi-khanda 8/201-207

Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata

Adi-khanda -


Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura

Chapter Eight: The Disappearance of Jagannatha Mishra



CB Adi-khanda 8.201

TEXT 201

‘krishna’ bali’ sarva-gane karena krandana

“e saba jivere kripa kara, narayana


They all cried, “O Krishna! O Lord! Please be merciful on these fallen souls.

CB Adi-khanda 8.202

TEXT 202

hena deha paiya krishne nahi haila rati

katakala giya ara bhunjibe durgati!


“These people have not developed attachment for Krishna after attaining this human form of life! How long will they suffer such degradation?

CB Adi-khanda 8.203

TEXT 203

ye nara-sharira lagi’ deve kamya kare

taha vyartha yaya mithya sukhera vihare


“Their human form of life, which is desired even by the demigods, is being wasted in the pursuit of false happiness.


The first line of this verse indicates that only the human birth is favorable for worshiping Lord Hari. Therefore it is desired even by the demigods. The demigods’ prayers in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (5.19.21-25) in this regard are as follows: “Since the human form of life is the sublime position for spiritual realization, all the demigods in heaven speak in this way: How wonderful it is for these human beings to have been born in the land of Bharata-varsha. They must have executed pious acts of austerity in the past, or the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself must have been pleased with them. Otherwise, how could they engage in devotional service in so many ways? We demigods can only aspire to achieve human births in Bharata-varsha to execute devotional service, but these human beings are already engaged there.


“After performing the very difficult tasks of executing Vedic ritualistic sacrifices, undergoing austerities, observing vows and giving charity, we have achieved this position as inhabitants of the heavenly planets. But what is the value of this achievement? Here we are certainly very engaged in material sense gratification, and therefore we can hardly remember the lotus feet of Lord Narayana. Indeed, because of our excessive sense gratification, we have almost forgotten His lotus feet.


“A short life in the land of Bharata-varsha is preferable to a life achieved in Brahmaloka for millions and billions of years because even if one is elevated to Brahmaloka, he must return to repeated birth and death. Although life in Bharata-varsha, in a lower planetary system, is very short, one who lives there can elevate himself to full Krishna consciousness and achieve the highest perfection, even in this short life, by fully surrendering unto the lotus feet of the Lord. Thus one attains Vaikunthaloka, where there is neither anxiety nor repeated birth in a material body.


“An intelligent person does not take interest in a place, even in the topmost planetary system, if the pure Ganges of topics concerning the Supreme Lord’s activities does not flow there, if there are not devotees engaged in service on the banks of such a river of piety, or if there are no festivals of sankirtana-yajna to satisfy the Lord [especially since sankirtana-yajna is recommended in this age].


“Bharata-varsha offers the proper land and circumstances in which to execute devotional service, which can free one from the results of jnana and karma. If one obtains a human body in the land of Bharata-varsha, with clear sensory organs with which to execute the sankirtana-yajna, but in spite of this opportunity he does not take to devotional service, he is certainly like liberated forest animals and birds that are careless and are therefore again bound by a hunter.”

CB Adi-khanda 8.204

TEXT 204

krishna-yatra-mahotsava-parva nahi kare

vivahadi-karme se ananda kari’ mare


“They don’t celebrate Krishna’s appearance day, but they spend their entire lives celebrating weddings and other family festivals.


The word yatra is explained by Shridhara Svami in his commentary on the words puja-yatrotsava-shritan in Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.27.50), wherein he says, “The word yatra refers to a special function performed by a large group of people, and the word utsava refers to festivals such as Vasanta.”


Regarding the words mama parvanumodanam and sarva-varshika-parvasu in Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.11.36-37) he says: “The word parva refers to festivals like Janmashtami and regular observances like Caturmasya and Ekadashi.” And in his explanation on the word mahotsavah in Shrimad Bhagavatam (5.19.23) he says: “A mahotsava is a festival in which devotees chant and dance.”


Regarding the word mare: Foolish people who consider their bodies as themselves forget their worshipable Lord. In other words, due to ignorance of their relationship with the Lord, they do not endeavor to please Hari, guru, or Vaishnava, rather they engage in various activities for pleasing their own senses and mind. Therefore they give up the service of Adhokshaja, or the path of ultimate benefit, and accept the path of temporary enjoyment. They do not travel the path leading to Vaikuntha, or immortality, rather they travel the path to hell, or material existence. In this way they travel through various species and suffer unlimited miseries. The only duty of all living entities is to perform activities for the pleasure of Hari, guru and Vaishnava. As stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.29.8): yan shraddhayacaran martyo mrityum jayati durjayam-“by the execution of which a mortal human being will conquer unconquerable death.”


Also in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (2.1.4) Shri Shukadeva speaks to Maharaja Parikshit as follows: “Persons devoid of atma-tattva do not inquire into the problems of life, being too attached to the fallible soldiers like the body, children and wife. Although sufficiently experienced, they still do not see their inevitable destruction.”


In the Shrimad Bhagavatam (3.30.3-14, 18) Lord Kapiladeva speaks the following words to His mother, Devahuti: “The misguided materialist does not know that his very body is impermanent and that the attractions of home, land and wealth, which are in relationship to that body, are also temporary. Out of ignorance only, he thinks that everything is permanent. The living entity, in whatever species of life he appears, finds a particular type of satisfaction in that species, and he is never averse to being situated in such a condition.


The conditioned living entity is satisfied in his own particular species of life; while deluded by the covering influence of the illusory energy, he feels little inclined to cast off his body, even when in hell, for he takes delight in hellish enjoyment. Such satisfaction with one’s standard of living is due to deep-rooted attraction for body, wife, home, children, animals, wealth and friends.


In such association, the conditioned soul thinks himself quite perfect. Although he is always burning with anxiety, such a fool always performs all kinds of mischievous activities, with a hope which is never to be fulfilled, in order to maintain his so-called family and society. He gives heart and senses to a woman, who falsely charms him with maya. He enjoys solitary embraces and talking with her, and he is enchanted by the sweet words of the small children. The attached householder remains in his family life, which is full of diplomacy and politics. Always spreading miseries and controlled by acts of sense gratification, he acts just to counteract the reactions of all his miseries, and if he can successfully counteract such miseries, he thinks that he is happy. He secures money by committing violence here and there, and although he employs it in the service of his family, he himself eats only a little portion of the food thus purchased, and he goes to hell for those for whom he earned the money in such an irregular way. When he suffers reverses in his occupation, he tries again and again to improve himself, but when he is baffled in all attempts and is ruined, he accepts money from others because of excessive greed. Thus the unfortunate man, unsuccessful in maintaining his family members, is bereft of all beauty. He always thinks of his failure, grieving very deeply. Seeing him unable to support them, his wife and others do not treat him with the same respect as before, even as miserly farmers do not accord the same treatment to their old and worn-out oxen. The foolish family man does not become averse to family life although he is maintained by those whom he once maintained. Deformed by the influence of old age, he prepares himself to meet ultimate death. Thus the man, who engaged with uncontrolled senses in maintaining a family, dies in great grief, seeing his relatives crying. He dies most pathetically, in great pain and without consciousness.”

CB Adi-khanda 8.205

TEXT 205

tomara se jiva, prabho, tumi se rakshita

ki baliba amara, tumi se sarva-pita


“O Lord, the living entities are Your parts and parcels, and You are their protector and supreme father.”


The words tomara se jiva are explained as follows: Lord Vishnu is the supreme consciousness and the supreme controller, or the Supersoul, and the living entities are all controlled by Him and possess minute consciousness. Therefore they are constitutionally Vaishnavas or subordinate to Him. As confirmed in the Bhagavad-gita (15.7): mamaivamsho jiva-loke jiva-bhutah sanatanah-“The living entities in this conditioned world are My eternal fragmental parts.”

CB Adi-khanda 8.206

TEXT 206

ei-mata bhakta-gana sabara kushala

cintena-gayena krishnacandrera mangala


In this way, the devotees always desire the welfare of the living entities, and they pray to Lord Krishna on their behalf.

CB Adi-khanda 8.207

TEXT 207

shri krishna-chaitanya nityananda-canda jana

vrindavana dasa tachu pada-yuge gana


Accepting Shri Chaitanya and Nityananda Prabhu as my life and soul, I, Vrindavana dasa, sing the glories of Their lotus feet.


Thus ends the English translation of the Gaudiya-bhashya of Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata, Chapter Eight, entitled “The Disappearance of Jagannatha Mishra.”