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Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura
Chapter Seven: Shri Vishvarupa Takes Sannyasa
CB Adi-khanda 7.101
“krishna ‘bhaji’ tomara haila kon sukha?
magiya se khao, aro bade yata duhkha”
“‘What pleasure do you derive by worshiping Krishna? You even have to beg for your food. In this way you increase your distress.’
Foolish persons who are averse to Lord Hari compare the materialists with Krishna’s devotees by saying, “The devotees of Krishna have no enjoyment, and they always live in poverty, which simply increases their misery.
CB Adi-khanda 7.102
yogya nahe e-saba lokera sane vasa
vane cali’ yana bali’ sabe chade shvasa
“It is not proper to live with such people, therefore we should go to the forest.” Saying this, they sighed deeply.
CB Adi-khanda 7.103
prabodhena sabare advaita-mahashaya
“paiba paramananda sabei nishcaya
Attempting to console them, Shri Advaita Prabhu said, “You will all certainly attain great ecstasy.
CB Adi-khanda 7.104
ebe bada vason muni hridaye ullasa
hena bujhi,-’krishnacandra karila prakasha’
“Even now I am feeling overjoyed at heart, so I can understand that Shri Krishnacandra has already advented.
CB Adi-khanda 7.105
sabe ‘krishna’ gao giya parama-harishe
ethai dekhiba krishne katheka divase
“All of you go and happily chant Krishna’s names, and in a few days you will see Krishna right here.
CB Adi-khanda 7.106
toma’ saba lana haibe krishnera vilasa
tabe se ‘advaita’ hana shuddha-krishna-dasa
“Krishna will enjoy His pastimes with all of you. Then the meaning of My name, ‘Advaita,’ will be fulfilled, and I will celebrated as the unalloyed servant of Lord Krishna.
CB Adi-khanda 7.107
kadacit yaha na paya shuka va prahlada
toma’ sabara bhrityeo paibe se prasada”
“All you devotees will receive mercy that even Shukadeva Gosvami and Prahlada Maharaja did not receive.”
In the pure servitorship of Krishna there are no mixed or separate interests. Although the characteristics of both the Absolute Truth Shri Krishna and the ingredients of His enjoyment are qualitatively one, His multifarious energies manifest a variety of pastimes. In the philosophies of shuddha-dvaita (purified dualism), shuddhadvaita (purified monism), dvaitadvaita (monism and dualism), and vishishtadvaita (specific monism) the worship of Krishna is primarily stressed. Such nondual consideration was also accepted by Shri Advaita Prabhu.
In the Shri Chaitanya-candramrita (18) Tridandi Svami Shrila Prabodhananda has stated: “The dear devotees of Lord Gaura happily enjoy pastimes on the splendid path of pure devotional service, which great sages like Vyasadeva could not thoroughly understand, which material intelligence has no power to enter, which Shukadeva Gosvami could not reveal, and which merciful Lord Krishna never revealed to His devotees.” Shrila Rupa Prabhu has stated in his Upadeshamrita (11) as follows: yat preshthair apy alam asulabham kim punar bhakti-bhajam-“That which is very rarely attained even by great devotees is even more difficult for ordinary devotees to attain.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.108
shuni’ advaitera ati-amrita-vacana
parama-anande ‘hari’ bole bhakta-gana
After hearing Shri Advaita’s nectarean words, all the devotees chanted the name of Hari in great ecstasy.
CB Adi-khanda 7.109
‘hari’ boli’ bhakta-gana karaye hunkara
sukha-maya citta-vritti haila sabara
As the devotees loudly chanted the name of Hari, their hearts were filled with happiness.
CB Adi-khanda 7.110
shishu-sange krida kare shri-gaurasundara
hari-dhvani shuni’ yaya badira bhitara
Shri Gaurasundara was playing outside with some other children, but when He heard the name of Hari, He went inside the house.
CB Adi-khanda 7.111
“ki karye aila, bapa?” bole bhakta-gane
prabhu bole,-“tomara dakila more kene?”
The devotees asked Him, “Why have come here?” The Lord replied, “Why did you call Me?”
CB Adi-khanda 7.112
eta boli’ prabhu shishu-sange dhana yaya
tathapi na jane keha prabhura mayaya
Saying this, the Lord ran away with the children. Yet by His influence, no one could recognize Him.
CB Adi-khanda 7.113
ye avadhi vishvarupa haila bahira
tadavadhi prabhu kichu haila susthira
Since Vishvarupa left home, the Lord became somewhat more peaceful.
CB Adi-khanda 7.114
niravadhi thake pita-matara samipe
duhkha pasaraye yena janani-janake
He constantly remained at the side of His mother and father so that they would feel some relief from their distress.
CB Adi-khanda 7.115
khela sambariya prabhu yatna kari’ pade
tilarddheka pustaka chadiya nahi nade
The Lord stopped playing and concentrated on His studies. He would not leave His books for even a moment.
CB Adi-khanda 7.116
eka-bara ye sutra padiya prabhu yaya
ara-bara uladhiya sabare thekaya
The Lord mastered a sutra after reading it only once, and He was able to defeat all others in debating its meaning.
The word uladhiya comes from the Hindi word ulta, which means “turned around” or “rather.” The word thekaya means “put into danger” or “defeats.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.117
dekhiya apurva buddhi sabei prashamse
sabe bole,-“dhanya pita-mata hena vamshe”
Everyone praised His wonderful intelligence and declared, “Glorious are the father and mother who have such a son.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.118
santoshe kahena sabe jagannatha-sthane
tumi ta’ kritartha, mishra, e-hena nandane
In satisfaction, they then said to Jagannatha Mishra, “You are most fortunate to have such a son.
CB Adi-khanda 7.119
e-mata subuddhi shishu nahi tribhuvane
brihaspati jinina haibe adhyayane
“In the three worlds there is no child as intelligent as this boy. He will defeat Brihaspati in learning.
CB Adi-khanda 7.120
shunilei sarva artha apane vakhane
ta’na phanki vakhanite nare kona jane”
“He can explain the meaning of anything He hears just once. No one is able to defeat His reasoning.”
The word phanki is a corruption of the Sanskrit word phakkika, which means “finding faults in a conclusion, creating doubt, and again reestablishing the original conclusion,” “shrewd argument,” or “cleverly.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.121
shunina putrera guna janani harisha
mishra punah citte bada haya vimarisha
Mother Shaci was pleased to hear about her son’s extraordinary qualities, while Jagannatha Mishra again became greatly morose at heart.
The word vimarisha means “morose.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.122
shaci-prati bole jagannatha mishra-vara
“eho putra na rahibe samsara-bhitara
Shri Mishra said to Shaci, “This son will also not remain at home.
CB Adi-khanda 7.123
ei-mata vishvarupa padi’ sarva-shastra
janila,-’samsara satya nahe tila-matra’
“Shri Vishvarupa studied all the scriptures and understood the temporary nature of this world.
CB Adi-khanda 7.124
sarva-shastra-marma jani’ vishvarupa dhira
anitya samsara haite haila bahira
“After learning the essence of the scriptures, the sober-minded Vishvarupa gave up transitory material life.
CB Adi-khanda 7.125
eho yadi sarva-shastre haibe jnanavan
chadiya samsara-sukha karibe payana
“If this boy also becomes well-versed in the scriptures, then He will also give up material happiness and leave home.
The word payana is a corruption of the word prayana, which means “depart,” “go,” or “journey.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.126
ei putra-sabe dui-janera jivana
ihare na dekhile dui-janera marana
“This son is our life and soul. If we don’t see Him, we will both certainly die.
The word dui-janera refers to Vishvambhara’s father and mother.
CB Adi-khanda 7.127
ataeva ihara padiya karya nai
murkha hana ghare mora rahuka nimani”
“Therefore He should no longer study. Let Nimai remain at home as a fool.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.128
shaci bole,-“murkha haile jiveka kemane?
murkhere ta’ kanyao na dibe kona jane”
Shaci replied, “If He remains a fool, how will He survive? Furthermore, who will offer their daughter to a fool?”
The word jiveka means “continue to live.” (This word is used in Radha-desha.)
CB Adi-khanda 7.129
mishra bole, “tumi ta’ abodha vipra-suta!
harta karta bharta krishna-sabara rakshita
Jagannatha Mishra replied, “You are the ignorant daughter of a brahmana! Lord Krishna is the doer, the controller, the maintainer, and the protector of all living entities.
CB Adi-khanda 7.130
jagat poshana kare jagatera natha
‘panditye poshaye,-keba kahila tomata?
“The Supreme Lord maintains the entire universe. Who told you that good education can maintain one?
The word poshaye means “maintains.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.131
kiba murkha, ki pandita, yahara yekhane
kanya likhiyache krishna, se haibe apane
“Whether one is a fool or a scholar, they will marry wherever and whomever Krishna has sanctioned for them.
CB Adi-khanda 7.132
kula-vidya-adi upalakshana sakala
sabare poshaye krishna, krishna-sarva-bala
“Education, birth, and other qualities are only superficial; Krishna alone is the maintainer and strength of all.
The word upalakshana refers to that which reveals the propensity of an object, not the primary propensity of the object, rather the secondary quality.
CB Adi-khanda 7.133
sakshatei ei kene na dekha amata
padiyao amara ghare kene nahi bhata?
“This can be directly seen in my life. Although I am educated, I am nevertheless poor.
CB Adi-khanda 7.134
bhala-mate varna uccariteo ye nare
sahasra pandita giya dekha ta’ra dvare
“Someone else may be unable to properly recite the alphabet, yet he may have thousands of scholars at his doorstep.
CB Adi-khanda 7.135
ataeva vidya-adi na kare poshana
krishna se sabara kare poshana-palana”
“Therefore qualities like good education cannot maintain one, only Krishna maintains us.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.136
anayasena maranam vina dainyena jivanam
anaradhita govinda- caranasya katham bhavet
“For one who has never worshiped the lotus feet of Lord Govinda, how is it possible for Him to live in comfort and die in peace?”
CB Adi-khanda 7.137
“anayase marana, jivana dainya vine
krishna sevile se haya, nahe vidya-dhane
“If one wants to live without poverty and die peacefully, then he should serve Krishna. Education and wealth will not help.
The word nahe means “not possible.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.138
krishna-kripa vine nahe duhkhera mocana
thakila va vidya, kula, koti-koti dhana
“One’s distress can never be mitigated without the mercy of Krishna, even if one is endowed with high education, good birth, and great wealth.
CB Adi-khanda 7.139
ya’ra grihe achaye uttama upabhoga
ta’re krishna diyachena kona maharoga
“One may have luxurious items for enjoyment in his house, yet by the arrangement of the Lord he may be suffering from disease.
The word upabhoga means “the best means of enjoyment.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.140
kichu vilasite nare, duhkhe pudi’ mare
ya’ra nahi, taha haite duhkhi bali ta’re
“Such a person cannot enjoy a thing and thus burns in misery. I consider him more miserable than one who does not possess anything.
The word vilasite means “to freely enjoy.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.141
eteka janiha,-thakileo kichu naya
ya’re yena krishna-ajna, sei satya haya
“Know for certain that one may possess great opulence, but unless Krishna permits, he cannot enjoy.
CB Adi-khanda 7.142
eteke na kara cinta putra-prati tumi
‘krishna pushibena putra’,-kahilana ami
“Therefore do not worry about your son. I assure you that Krishna will maintain Him.
CB Adi-khanda 7.143
yavat sharire prana achaye amara
tavat tileka duhkha nahika uhara
“As long as I live, I will not allow Him to suffer the least.
CB Adi-khanda 7.144
ama-sabara krishna achena rakshayita
kiba cinta tumi ya’ra mata pati-vrata
“We have Lord Krishna as our protector, and you are a good mother and chaste wife. So why should you worry?
CB Adi-khanda 7.145
‘padiya nahika karya’ balilun tomare
murkha hai’ putra mora rahu matra ghare”
“Therefore I say that He does not need to study further. Let Him stay at home uneducated.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.146
eta bali’ putrere dakila mishra-vara
mishra bole,-“shuna, bapa, amara uttara
Saying this, Jagannatha Mishra called his son and told Him, “Listen, my dear son.
CB Adi-khanda 7.147
aji haite ara patha nahika tomara
ihate anyatha kara,-shapatha amara
“From today on, I want You to give up Your studies. I forbid You to continue.
CB Adi-khanda 7.148
ye tomara iccha, bapa, tai diba ami
grihe vasi’ parama-mangale thaka tumi”
“My dear son, I’ll give You whatever You desire. Stay comfortably at home.”
CB Adi-khanda 7.149
eta bali’ mishra calilena karyantara
padite na paya ara prabhu vishvambhara
Saying this, Jagannatha Mishra went to attend his duties and Lord Vishvambhara refrained from further studies.
CB Adi-khanda 7.150
nitya dharma sanatana shri-gauranga raya
na langhe janaka-vakya, padite na yaya
The personification of eternal religious principles, Shri Gauranga Raya, followed His father’s instructions and gave up His studies.
Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.