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Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura
Chapter Three: Calculation of the Lord’s Horoscope
dekha goracandera bajara
Behold Gaurachandra’s marketplace, where the jewels of love of God are stacked high.
CB Adi-khanda 3.2-5
hena-mate prabhura haila avatara
age hari-sankirtana kariya pracara
catur-dike dhaya loka grahana dekhiya
ganga-snane ‘hari’ bali’ yayena dhaiya
yara mukha janmeha na bale hari-nama
seha ‘hari’ bali’ dhaya, kari’ ganga-snana
dasha-dik purna haila, uthe hari-dhvani
avatirna haiya hasena dvija-mani
In this way, Lord Gauranga appeared by first inaugurating the sankirtana movement. From all directions people went to the Ganges for bath while chanting the name of Hari. Even persons who never chanted the name of Hari in their lives also chanted the name of Hari as they ran to the Ganges for bath. The sound vibration of Hari’s name filled the ten directions. The Lord, who is the best of the brahmanas, appeared with a smile on His face.
The tumultuous sound of the chanting of the names of Hari at the transcendental advent of Lord Gaurasundara, the personification of shri-krishna-sankirtana, indicated that He would later preach the devotional process of chanting the holy names, and thus maintain the religious principles of this age.
CB Adi-khanda 3.6
shaci-jagannatha dekhi’ putrera shri-mukha
dui-jana hailena ananda-svarupa
Seeing their son’s face, Shaci and Jagannatha were filled with ecstasy.
CB Adi-khanda 3.7
ki vidhi kariba iha, kichui na sphure
aste-vyaste nari-gana ‘jaya-jaya’ phukare
They were so overwhelmed that they did not know what to do. The ladies there became excited and simply exclaimed, “Jaya! Jaya!”
All the assembled ladies were totally bewildered.
CB Adi-khanda 3.8
dhaiya aila sabe, yata apta-gana
ananda haila jagannathera bhavana
All the relatives came rushing to the house of Jagannatha Mishra, and the whole household became filled with bliss.
The word apta-gana refers to one’s relatives.
CB Adi-khanda 3.9
shacira janaka-cakravarti nilambara
prati-lagne adbhuta dekhena vipra-vara
The father of Shacidevi and great brahmana, Nilambara Cakravarti, noted wonderful planetary arrangements in each house of the child’s horoscope.
Nilambara Cakravarti was the father of Shacidevi. He formerly resided at Magdoba, in the district of Faridpura [within present day Bangladesh]. Most of the learned brahmanas of that time had some knowledge of astrology. After calculating His horoscope, Nilambara Cakravarti began to foretell the future of the Lord, his grandson.
The particular zodiac sign that appears on the eastern horizon at a given time for a given place on earth is called the lagna. The various planets headed by the sun move throughout the zodiac. The north-south zodiac extends 90 degrees and the east-west zodiac extends 360 degrees. The zodiac is divided into twelve equal signs, or rashis, each consisting of 30 degrees. The second and consecutive signs after the rising sign, or janma-lagna, are the twelve “lagnas” for wealth, brothers, friends, sons, education, enemies, wife, death, fortune, occupation, income, and expenditure.
The word prati-lagne means “in the twelve lagnas, beginning with the lagna for the body.” By the words adbhuta dekhena, it is understood that he saw extraordinary fruits.
CB Adi-khanda 3.10
maharaja-lakshana sakala lagne kahe
rupa dekhi’ cakravarti haila vismaye
In each house there were signs that indicated a king. Moreover, Cakravarti was astonished by the child’s beauty and said:
Shukra (Venus) was in Mesha-rashi (Aries), in the constellation of Ashvini; Ketu (the ninth planet) was in Simha-rashi (Leo), in Uttaraphalguni; Candra (the moon) was in Simha-rashi, in Purvaphalguni (the eleventh lunar mansion); Shani (Saturn) was in Vrishcika-rashi (Scorpio), in Jyeshtha; Brihaspati (Jupiter) was in Dhanu-rashi, in Purvashadha (Sagittarius); Mangala (Mars) was in Makara-rashi (Capricorn), in Shravana; Ravi (the sun) and Rahu were in Kumbha-rashi (Aquarius), in Purvabhadrapada; and Budha (Mercury) was in Mina-rashi (Pisces), in Uttarabhadrapada. The lagna was Simha. Mars, the owner of the ninth house, is exalted. Venus and Saturn are almost exalted. Jupiter, in his own house, aspects Venus, which occupies the house of dharma. Venus, the owner of the tenth house, is aspected by Jupiter and situated in the ninth house.
After scrutinizingly studying each of the Lord’s lagnas, Nilambara Cakravarti foretold the highest fruits and was struck with wonder by seeing the Lord’s beauty, because the Lord is the original Personality of Godhead.
CB Adi-khanda 3.11
‘vipra raja gaude haibeka’ hena ache
vipra bale,-’sei va, janiba taha pache’
“There is a prediction that in the future a brahmana will become the King of Bengal. The future will show whether this child is that personality.”
There was a prophecy amongst people that a great personality would be born in a brahmana family of Bengal and become king. Nilambara Cakravarti thought that perhaps this boy would in the future become King of Bengal. Time would tell.
CB Adi-khanda 3.12
maha-jyotir-vit vipra sabara agrete
lagne anurupa katha lagila kahite
Then that great astrologer brahmana began to speak before everyone present about the symptoms of the various houses in the child’s horoscope.
Nilambara Cakravarti was a learned teacher of the science of astrology. Therefore he began to explain the various lagnas of the Lord’s horoscope to the people present there. The word maha-jyotir-vit is explained as follows:
shankhe taile tatha mamse vaidye jyotishike dvije
yatrayam pathi nidrayam mahaccabdo na diyate
“If one adds the prefix maha to shankha (conch), taila (oil), mamsa (flesh), vaidya (doctor), jyotisi (astrologer), brahmana, yatra (journey), patha (path), and nidra (sleep) it will produce an opposite meaning 1. Therefore maha should not be added to these words.”
But in this case it is to be understood that Nilambara Cakravarti was learned and expert in the science of astrology. The word maha-jyotir-vit may also indicate one who is learned and expert in the spiritual science.
CB Adi-khanda 3.13
“lagne yata dekhi ei balaka-mahima
raja hena, vakye tanre dite nari sima
“The qualities I see in this child’s horoscope are beyond those of a king, if fact, they are beyond all description.
While calculating the lagnas, Nilambara Cakravarti could understand the child’s wonderful qualities. The words raja hena mean “as good as a king” or “topmost.” Actually no one can properly describe the qualities of this child.
CB Adi-khanda 3.14
brihaspati jiniya haibe vidyavan
alpei haibe sarva-gunera nidhana”
“This child will be more learned than Brihaspati. He will soon manifest a reservoir of all good qualities.”
Brihaspati is the most learned personality in the heavenly planets. Mahaprabhu would surpass Brihaspati in spiritual knowledge rather than in insignificant material knowledge. In other words, the knowledge of Brahman obtained through the material senses of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, the incarnation of Brihaspati, was vanquished by the Lord, just as darkness is vanquished by the rising of the sun. In this way the Lord would enlighten him with spiritual knowledge, in the form of service to Lord Krishna. Shriman Mahaprabhu does not have to endeavor to gradually acquire knowledge as an experienced person labors hard to gradually acquire knowledge, for He is the ocean of all auspicious qualities. Therefore on the slightest pretense He will display full mastery in all fields of knowledge.
CB Adi-khanda 3.15
seikhane vipra-rupe eka mahajana
prabhura bhavishya-karma karaye kathana
In that assembly was one great brahmana devotee, who began to describe the Lord’s future activities.
At the time of calculating the Lord’s horoscope, a great personality, well-versed in spiritual knowledge, was present there in the form of a brahmana. He began to describe Mahaprabhu’s future transcendental activities, or His distribution of love of God.
CB Adi-khanda 3.16
vipra bale,-“e shishu sakshat narayana
inha haite sarva-dharma haibe sthapana
He said, “This child is nondifferent from Narayana. He will reestablish religious principles.
The brahmana said, “This boy is Narayana Himself, Lord of all lords. He alone will properly reconcile the conflicting principles of various religious preachers.”
CB Adi-khanda 3.17
inha haite haibeka apurva pracara
ei shishu karibe sarva-jagat uddhara
“He will preach wonderfully and thus deliver the entire world.
“This child will distribute throughout the world the splendor of devotional service, which has never before been preached. He will deliver everyone from their narrow-minded desires for material enjoyment, fruitive activities, and speculative knowledge and fix them in their eternal occupation-devotional service to the Supreme Lord.”
CB Adi-khanda 3.18
brahma, shiva, shuka yaha vanccha anukshana
inha haite taha paibeka sarva-jana
“People will receive from Him love of God that is desired by even Brahma, Shiva, and Shukadeva.
In the Chaitanya-candramrita (18 and 55) it is stated: “The dear devotees of Lord Gaura happily enjoy pastimes on the splendid path of pure devotional service, which great sages like Vyasadeva could not thoroughly understand, which material intelligence has no power to enter, which Shukadeva Gosvami could not reveal, and which merciful Lord Krishna never revealed to His devotees. O Lord Chaitanyacandra, who enlightens the ignorant, if You grace me with Your merciful glance, then even though I am a wretch I will not be far away from the wonderful path of pure devotion, which is rarely attained by Shiva, Shukadeva, Uddhava, Narada, and other great souls.”
This child will indiscriminately give everyone that which great personalities like Lord Brahma, Lord Shiva, and Shukadeva Gosvami always desire to obtain.
CB Adi-khanda 3.19
sarva-bhuta-dayalu, nirveda darashane
sarva-jagatera prita haiba ihane
“Just by seeing Him, the people of this world will develop love for Him, compassion for other living entities, and detachment from material enjoyment.
By seeing Shriman Mahaprabhu, the people of this world will develop love for Gaura-Krishna and become kind to all living entities and equal in happiness and distress.
CB Adi-khanda 3.20
anyera ki daya, vishnu-drohi ye yavana
taharao e shishura bhajibe carana
“What to speak of others, even Yavanas who are averse to Vishnu will worship the lotus feet of this child.
In the Chaitanya-candramrita (2) it is stated: “Those who are untouched by any piety, who are completely absorbed in irreligion, and who have never received the merciful glance of the devotees or been to any holy place sanctified by them are still ecstatically dancing, loudly singing, and even rolling about on the ground because they are intoxicated by tasting the nectar of the transcendental mellows of pure love of God, given by Lord Chaitanya. Let me therefore glorify that Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.”
The Yavanas are naturally averse to Lord Vishnu. But even such Yavanas will give up such propensities to follow the footsteps of Shri Gauranga.
CB Adi-khanda 3.21
ananta brahmande kirti gaiba ihana
a-vipra e shishure karibe pranama
“His glories will be sung in innumerable universes, and everyone, including brahmanas, will offer respects to this child.
The word ihana means “His.” Brahmanas are the spiritual masters of all other varnas-kshatriyas, vaishyas, shudras, and antyajas, or mlecchas. Such brahmanas will also offer obeisances to this child, and the entire universe will become maddened by the fragrance of His fame.
CB Adi-khanda 3.22
bhagavata-dharma-maya ihana sharira
“He is the personification of religious principles and the benefactor of the demigods, the brahmanas, the spiritual masters, His father and mother, and the sober devotees.
In the Shrimad Bhagavatam (7.11.7) it is stated: “The Supreme Being, the Personality of Godhead, is the essence of all Vedic knowledge, the root of all religious principles, and the memory of great authorities. O King Yudhishthira, this principle of religion is to be understood as evidence. On the basis of this religious principle, everything is satisfied, including one’s mind, soul and even one’s body.”
The gross body and subtle mental functions are all foreign. The soul’s eternal activities are called bhagavata-dharma. The transcendental body of this child is direct service of the Supreme Lord. In other words, He is the personification of devotional service to Lord Krishna. Therefore godly qualities like subordination to the demigods, brahmanas, spiritual masters, father, and mother, who are all devotees of Vishnu, are all present in Him.
CB Adi-khanda 3.23
vishnu yena avatari’ laoyayena dharma
sei-mata e shishu karibe sarva-karma
“Just as Lord Vishnu incarnates and induces people to follow religious principles, this child will perform similar activities.
Whenever there is danger in this material world, the demigods pray to the Supreme Lord. Lord Vishnu then incarnates and protects the demigods and human beings from the danger. This child will also be as powerful as Lord Vishnu while He fulfills His mission.
CB Adi-khanda 3.24
lagne yata kahe shubha lakshana ihana
kara shakti ache taha karite vyakhyana?
“Who has the power to explain the auspicious symptoms that are found in the houses of this child’s horoscope?
CB Adi-khanda 3.25
dhanya tumi, mishra-purandara bhagyavan
yanra e nandana, tanre rahuka pranama
“O Jagannatha Mishra, you are indeed glorious and fortunate, because this child is your son. I offer my obeisances unto you.
Seeing Jagannatha Mishra’s son and hearing His glories, everyone considered Jagannatha Mishra most fortunate. They congratulated him and offered him their obeisances.
CB Adi-khanda 3.26
hena koshthi ganilana ami bhagyavan
‘shri-vishvambhara’-nama haibe ihana
“I am also fortunate to have had the privilege of calculating His horoscope. This child’s name will be Shri Vishvambhara.
The brahmana decided, “I have become fortunate simply by calculating the horoscope of the Lord. The name of this child will be Vishvambhara.”
CB Adi-khanda 3.27
ihane balibe loka ‘navadvipa-candra’
e balake janiha kevala parananda
“Yet people will call Him Navadvipa Candra. Know for certain that this child is the personification of spiritual ecstasy.”
People will call this child Navadvipa Candra, and they will know Him as the embodiment of unalloyed ecstasy.
CB Adi-khanda 3.28
hena rase pache haya duhkhera prakasha
ataeva na kahila prabhura sannyasa
The brahmana did not mention anything about the Lord’s accepting sannyasa out of fear for creating a distressful condition amidst the joyous occasion.
Although the brahmana foresaw auspicious symptoms indicating the Lord’s acceptance of sannyasa, out of fear of disturbing the festive atmosphere he did not disclose this unhappy news.
CB Adi-khanda 3.29
shuni’ jagannatha-mishra putrera akhyana
anande vihvala, vipre dite cahe dana
Jagannatha Mishra was overwhelmed with ecstasy upon hearing the child’s glories, and he desired to give something in charity to the brahmana.
CB Adi-khanda 3.30
kichu nahi-sudaridra, tathapi anande
viprera carane dhari’ mishra-candra kande
But because Jagannatha Mishra was extremely poor, he simply took hold of the brahmana’s feet and cried.
CB Adi-khanda 3.31
seha vipra kande jagannatha-pa’ye dhari’
anande sakala-loka bale ‘hari’ ‘hari’
The brahmana then grabbed hold of Jagannatha Mishra’s feet and cried, while the people present there chanted, “Hari! Hari!” in ecstasy.
CB Adi-khanda 3.32
divya-koshthi shuni’ yata bandhava sakala
jaya-jaya diya sabe karena mangala
Hearing the Lord’s extraordinary horoscope, the friends and relatives there happily chanted, “Jaya! Jaya!”
The word divya-koshthi refers to the horoscope of a godly personality.
CB Adi-khanda 3.33
tata-kshane aila sakala vadyakara
mridanga, sanai, vamshi bajaye apara
At that time various musicians came and began to enthusiastically play mridangas, sanai, and flutes.
A mridanga is a clay oblong drum shell with the right and left open ends covered by leather smeared with mangosteen and stretched in place and connected together by leather strips. It is a famous instrument used in sankirtana. The use of mridangas was current even during the time of the Lord’s appearance.
The sanai is an brass musical wind instrument with holes in it.
CB Adi-khanda 3.34
deva-striye nara-striye na pari cinite
deve nare ekatra haila bhala-mate
Demigoddesses mixed unnoticed with the ladies present there.
After understanding that the Lord had advented, the wives of the demigods mixed with the ladies of this world and assembled at the house of Jagannatha Mishra with a desire to see the Lord. No one could distinguish the demigoddess from the worldly women.
CB Adi-khanda 3.35
deva-mata savya-hate dhanya-durva laiya
hasi’ dena prabhu-shire ‘cirayu’ baliya
Aditi, the mother of the demigods, with her right hand placed paddy and durva grass on the head of the child and blessed Him, saying, “Live a long life.”
The word savya-hate in this verse means “right hand.” The word deva-mata refers to Aditi, the wife of Kashyapa Muni.
CB Adi-khanda 3.36
cira-kala prithivite karaha prakasha
ataeva ‘cirayu’ baliya haila hasa
She desired that the Lord would always remain on this earth planet, therefore she smiled as she blessed Him with the words, “Live a long life.”
CB Adi-khanda 3.37
apurva sundari saba shaci-devi dekhe
varta jijnasite karo na aise mukhe
Although mother Shaci saw the beautiful demigoddesses there, she was too shy to inquire about their identities.
CB Adi-khanda 3.38
shacira carana-dhuli laya devi-gana
anande shacira mukhe na aise vacana
The demigoddesses took the dust from Shacidevi’s feet, and Shaci became speechless out of joy.
CB Adi-khanda 3.39
kiba ananda haila se jagannatha-ghare
vedete anante taha varnite na pare
The happiness experienced in the house of Jagannatha Mishra could not be described by either Lord Ananta or the Vedas.
CB Adi-khanda 3.40
loka dekhe,-shaci-grihe sarva-nadiyaya
ye ananda haila, taha kahana na yaya
People at the house of Shaci and throughout Nadia felt such ecstasy that it is beyond description.
CB Adi-khanda 3.41
ki nagare, kiba ghare, kiba ganga-tire
niravadhi sarva-loka hari-dhvani kare
Whether in the village, in the houses, or on the banks of the Ganges-everywhere, people continually chanted the names of Lord Hari.
CB Adi-khanda 3.42
janma-yatra-mahotsava, nishaya grahane
anande karena, keha marma nahi jane
Everyone observed the festival of the Lord’s appearance while thinking they were celebrating the occasion of the eclipse.
Since there was a lunar eclipse that night, many people unknowingly celebrated the appearance of Mahaprabhu. Although the celebrations were performed on account of the lunar eclipse, they were actually meant for the Lord’s appearance. Common men, however, did not understand this fact.
CB Adi-khanda 3.43
caitanyera janma-yatra-phalguni purnima
brahma-adi e tithira kare aradhana
Lord Chaitanya appeared on the full moon night of the month of Phalguna, a day thus worshiped by Brahma and others.
CB Adi-khanda 3.44
parama-pavitra tithi bhakti-svarupini
yanhi avatirna hailena dvija-mani
This day is the reservoir of devotional service and therefore most sanctified, because the Supreme Lord, the best of the brahmanas, appeared on that day.
The demigods headed by Lord Brahma also worshiped the full moon night of the month of Phalguna, the appearance day of Shri Chaitanya. The full moon night of the month of Phalguna is a spiritual day that is shuddha-sattva-mayi, comprised of pure goodness, and sakshad-bhakti-svarupini, the personification of devotional service.
CB Adi-khanda 3.45
nityananda-janma maghi shukla trayodashi
gauracandra-prakasha phalguni paurnamasi
Lord Nityananda appeared on the thirteenth day of the waxing moon in the month of Magha, and Gaurachandra appeared on the full moon evening in the month of Phalguna.
CB Adi-khanda 3.46
sarva-yatra mangala e dui punya-tithi
sarva-shubha-lagna adhishthana haya ithi
These two days are most auspicious because all favorable planetary conjunctions are present on these days.
CB Adi-khanda 3.47
eteke e dui tithi karile sevana
krishna-bhakti haya, khande avidya-bandhana
Therefore whoever observes these two days attains devotion to Lord Krishna and freedom from the bondage to ignorance.
CB Adi-khanda 3.48
ishvarera janma-tithi ye-hena pavitra
vaishnavera sei-mata tithira caritra
Just as the appearance day of the Lord is sanctified, the appearance days of the Vaishnavas are also.
In the Brahma Purana it is stated: “Fortunate are those persons of Kali-yuga who observe the appearance days of Vishnu by staying awake at night and fasting. They are not subject to the great fear of rebirth in the material world. Wherever they reside, Kali cannot affect them. Observing vows on the appearance days of the eternal Supreme Lord gives liberation. These observances of vows for the pleasure of Vishnu are the greatest good in this life and the next, the greatest dharma.”
By observing these two auspicious days-the thirteenth day of the waxing moon in the month of Magha (January-February) and the full moon day in the month of Phalguna (March-April)-a conditioned soul’s nescience is destroyed and his propensity for serving Krishna is awakened. One may observe the appearance day of the Lord by fasting and holding a festival.
Just as the appearance day of the Lord is pure, the appearance days of the Lord’s devotees are also pure. One must certainly hold festivals on those days.
CB Adi-khanda 3.49
gauracandra-avirbhava shune yei jane
kabhu duhkha nahi tara janme va marane
Whoever hears about the appearance of Lord Gaurachandra will never feel distress, either during this life or at the time of death.
CB Adi-khanda 3.50
shunile chaitanya-katha bhakti-phala dhare
janme-janme caitanyera sange avatare
By hearing the topics of Shri Chaitanya, one attains the fruit of devotional service to the Supreme Lord and accompanies the Lord in His pastimes life after life.
It is stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.11.23-24): “My dear Uddhava, narrations of My pastimes and qualities are all-auspicious and purify the entire universe. A faithful person who constantly hears, glorifies, and remembers such transcendental activities, who through dramatic performances relives My pastimes, beginning with My appearance, and who takes full shelter of Me, dedicating his religious, sensual, and occupational activities for My satisfaction, certainly obtains unflinching devotional service to Me, the eternal Personality of Godhead.”
If a living entity hears the topics of Shri Chaitanyadeva, his service attitude is awakened and he can accompany Shri Chaitanya in each of His incarnations within this world.
Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.